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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334545/bacterial-vaginosis-modifies-the-association-between-hormonal-contraception-and-hiv-acquisition
#1
Lisa Haddad, Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Bellington Vwailika, Naw Htee, Ilene Brill, Elwyn Chomba, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen
OBJECTIVE: To examine BV as an effect modifier for the association between hormonal contraception (HC) and incident HIV infection DESIGN:: Serodiscordant couples enrolled in an open longitudinal cohort in Lusaka, Zambia from 1994-2012. This analysis was restricted to couples with an HIV-positive man enrolled between1994-2002 when a quarterly genital tract examination and HIV testing was performed. METHODS: Multivariate Cox models evaluated the association between contraceptive method and HIV-acquisition, stratified by time-varying BV status...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327114/anthropometric-characteristics-and-ovarian-cancer-risk-and-survival
#2
Albina N Minlikeeva, Kirsten B Moysich, Paul C Mayor, John L Etter, Rikki A Cannioto, Roberta B Ness, Kristen Starbuck, Robert P Edwards, Brahm H Segal, Sashikant Lele, Kunle Odunsi, Brenda Diergaarde, Francesmary Modugno
PURPOSE: Multiple studies have examined the role of anthropometric characteristics in ovarian cancer risk and survival; however, their results have been conflicting. We investigated the associations between weight change, height and height change and risk and outcome of ovarian cancer using data from a large population-based case-control study. METHODS: Data from 699 ovarian cancer cases and 1,802 controls who participated in the HOPE study were included. We used unconditional logistic regression adjusted for age, race, number of pregnancies, use of oral contraceptives, and family history of breast or ovarian cancer to examine the associations between self-reported height and weight and height change with ovarian cancer risk...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323577/ongoing-or-previous-mental-disorders-predispose-to-adverse-mood-reporting-during-combined-oral-contraceptive-use
#3
Hanna Bengtsdotter, Cecilia Lundin, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Marie Bixo, Juliane Baumgart, Lena Marions, Jan Brynhildsen, Agota Malmborg, Ingela Lindh, Inger Sundström Poromaa
PURPOSE: Previous studies have emphasised that women with pre-existing mood disorders are more inclined to discontinue hormonal contraceptive use. However, few studies have examined the effects of combined oral contraceptives (COC) on mood in women with previous or ongoing mental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a supplementary analysis of an investigator-initiated, double-blinded, randomised clinical trial during which 202 women were treated with either a COC (1...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322301/effects-of-short-term-dhea-intake-on-hormonal-responses-in-young-recreationally-trained-athletes-modulation-by-gender
#4
Katia Collomp, Corinne Buisson, Nicolas Gravisse, Soraya Belgherbi, Zakaria Labsy, Manh-Cuong Do, Olivier Gagey, Sophie Dufay, Nancy Vibarel-Rebot, Michel Audran
BACKGROUND: Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) figures on the World Anti-Doping Agency list of prohibited substances in sport because it is assumed that athletes expect a significant increase in testosterone through DHEA administration. The literature on the hormonal effects of DHEA intake nevertheless appears to be very scant in healthy young subjects, especially women. PURPOSE: We examined the effects of DHEA on adrenal and gonadal hormones, IGF1 and free T3 in healthy young male and female recreationally trained volunteers...
January 10, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317960/different-effects-of-oral-contraceptive-and-dydrogesterone-treatment-on-oxidative-stress-levels-in-premenopausal-women
#5
Jui-Tung Chen, Kazuhiko Kotani
Background: The aim of the study was to observe the changes in blood oxidative stress levels by oral contraceptive (OC) and/or dydrogesterone (DG) treatment. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 27 premenopausal women with primary dysmenorrhea consisted of the OC treatment group (N = 17) and the DG treatment group (N = 10) by choice of the initial treatment. The OC group included two subgroups: patients with continuous OC treatment (treated for at least 15 months, N = 10) and patients with discontinuous OC treatment (switched to DG treatment after approximately 6 months of initial OC treatment: N = 7)...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317949/superior-mesenteric-vein-thrombosis-in-a-patient-on-oral-contraceptive-pills
#6
Prashanth Rawla, Jeffrey Pradeep Raj, Krishna Chaitanya Thandra, Sathayajit S Bandaru
Abdominal pain is a common occurrence, and it may vary from subtle pain to very severe pain due to a variety of causes, some of which may even be life-threatening. It is commonly believed that a life-threatening cause is almost always very severe with regards to the symptomatology. However, here in this case report, we report an unusual case of abdominal pain due to superior mesenteric vein (SMV) thrombosis in an otherwise healthy lady who was on an oral contraceptive agent for the last 2 years. She presented with mild abdominal pain for 3 days, and a computed tomography scan of the abdomen which was done to rule out common surgical causes of abdominal pain revealed a thrombus in the SMV...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317075/the-origin-of-endometriosis-associated-ovarian-cancer-from-uterine-neoplastic-lesions
#7
Elisabetta Garavaglia, Cristina Sigismondi, Stefano Ferrari, Massimo Candiani
Endometriosis is a risk factor for type I epithelial ovarian cancer but an issue to be clarified is the site of origin of endometriosis associated ovarian cancer. Here we proposed that the uterus may be the organ of origin of ovarian endometrioid cancer associated with endometriosis. Thus, the first neoplastic transformation would characterize the uterine cells migrating in the pelvis via retrograde menstruation and they would implant secondarily on the ovary. Supporting this hypothesis, an higher incidence of synchronous precancerous and cancerous endometrial pathology in patients affected by ovarian endometrioid cancer associated with endometriosis was showed...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314138/ovarian-markers-and-irregular-menses-among-women-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-epidemiology-of-diabetes-interventions-and-complications-study
#8
C Kim, R S Miller, B H Braffett, Y Pan, V L Arends, A K Saenger, A Barnie, A V Sarma
OBJECTIVE: Women with type 1 diabetes have increased risk of infertility compared to women without diabetes even after adjustment for irregular menses, but etiologies are incompletely understood. Our aim was to examine the prevalence of abnormalities in ovarian markers consistent with polycystic ovary syndrome in women with type 1 diabetes and associations with irregular menses and diabetes-specific variables. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a secondary analysis of women in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications Study (DCCT/EDIC), a randomized trial and observational follow-up of intensive insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313983/erratum-to-effect-of-extended-oral-contraception-use-on-the-prevalence-of-fetal-trisomy-21-in-women-aged-at-least-35-years-int-j-gynecol-obstet-138-2017-261-266
#9
Dániel Horányi, Lilla Éva Babay, János Rigó, Balázs Győrffy, Gyula R Nagy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304829/muslim-women-s-use-of-contraception-in-the-united-states
#10
Henna Budhwani, Jami Anderson, Kristine R Hearld
BACKGROUND: American Muslim women are an understudied population; thus, significant knowledge gaps exist related to their most basic health behaviors and indicators. Considering this, we examined American Muslim women's contraception utilization patterns. METHODS: Self-reported data collected in late 2015 were analyzed. Women who identified as Muslim, were at least 18 years old, sexually active, and current residents of the United States (n = 224) met the inclusion criteria...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303056/is-shifting-to-a-progestin-worthwhile-when-estrogen-progestins-are-inefficacious-for-endometriosis-associated-pain
#11
Paolo Vercellini, Federica Ottolini, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Laura Buggio, Anna Roberto, Edgardo Somigliana
The purpose of this study was to assess the proportion of patients satisfied with their treatment after a change from a low-dose oral contraceptive (OC) to norethisterone acetate (NETA) because of inefficacy of OC on pain symptoms. To this end, prospective, self-controlled study was conducted on 153 women using OC as a treatment for endometriosis and with persistence of one or more moderate or severe pain symptoms. At baseline and during 12 months after a shift from OC to oral NETA, 2.5 mg/d, pelvic pain was measured by means of a 0- to 10-point numerical rating scale and a multidimensional categorical rating scale...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302853/progesterone-receptor-pgr-gene-variants-associated-with-breast-cancer-and-associated-features-a-case-control-study
#12
Rabeb M Ghali, Maryam A Al-Mutawa, Bashayer H Ebrahim, Hanen H Jrah, Sonia Zaied, Hanen Bhiri, Fahmi Hmila, Touhami Mahjoub, Wassim Y Almawi
Insofar as altered estrogen receptor-progesterone receptor (PR) expression contribute to breast cancer pathogenesis, previous studies examined the association of genetic variation in PR gene (PGR) with breast cancer, but with mixed outcome. We evaluated the association between PGR variants, and breast cancer and associated features. A retrospective case-control study involving 183 female breast cancer patients, and 222 control women. PGR genotyping was done by real-time PCR. Minor allele frequencies of rs1042838, rs590688, and rs10895068 PGR gene polymorphisms were significantly higher in breast cancer patients compared to controls...
January 4, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300110/impact-of-a-pharmacist-provided-information-booklet-on-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-oral-contraception-among-jordanian-women-an-interventional-study
#13
Amal Akour, Sanaa Bardaweel, Oriana Awwad, Suha Al-Muhaissen, Rand Hussein
OBJECTIVES: Jordan has high rate of unintended pregnancy, which is largely attributed to limited knowledge and misconceptions about contraceptive methods, namely oral contraceptive pills (OCPs). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a pharmacist-provided information booklet on increasing the knowledge of Jordanian women about safe and effective OCP use. METHODS: This was a randomised interventional study. One hundred and sixty women who had used OCPs at least once in their lifetime were randomised to receive conventional counselling (control group) or a pharmacist-provided booklet (intervention group)...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299794/characterization-of-the-serum-and-salivary-cortisol-response-to-the-intravenous-250%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-acth1-24-stimulation-test
#14
Brendan J Nolan, Jane Sorbello, Nigel Brown, Goce Dimeski, Warrick J Inder
PURPOSE: The ACTH1-24 stimulation test is commonly used to assess the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Given variations in CBG concentration and binding affinity, serum total cortisol may misclassify some patients. Salivary cortisol correlates well with serum free cortisol but is easier to measure and widely available in commercial laboratories. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of measuring salivary cortisol during the ACTH1-24 stimulation test. DESIGN AND METHODS: Case-control study in a clinical research facility...
January 3, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299723/current-smoking-is-associated-with-a-larger-waist-circumference-and-a-more-androgenic-profile-in-young-healthy-women-from-high-risk-breast-cancer-families
#15
Carolina Ellberg, Håkan Olsson, Helena Jernström
The purpose was to elucidate the interplay between current smoking, anthropometric measurements, and endogenous hormone levels in women ≤ 40 years. Questionnaires on lifestyle and reproductive factors were completed by 269 healthy women from high-risk breast cancer families between 1996 and 2006 in Sweden. Blood samples for analyses of plasma testosterone, estradiol, androstenedione, sex hormone-binding globulin, and body measurements were obtained 5-10 days before predicted onset of the next menstrual period...
January 3, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295697/towards-prevention-of-ovarian-cancer
#16
Aus Tariq Ali
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death of all gynaecological cancers. To date, there is no reliable, specific screening procedure for detecting ovarian cancer. The risk factors of ovarian cancer include modifiable and non-modifiable factors. The main goal of the ovarian cancer prevention program is to significantly reduce the risk of development of ovarian cancer and other cancers such as breast and/or peritoneal cancer. The application of non-surgical preventive approaches such as oral contraceptives, parity and breastfeeding has been shown to be highly protective against ovarian cancer development...
January 1, 2018: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287491/acute-pulmonary-embolism-after-arthroscopic-glenoid-labral-repair-and-subacromial-decompression-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Michelle Yagnatovsky, Amos Z Dai, Michael Zacchilli, Laith M Jazrawi
A 29-year-old female with a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on combined oral contraceptives presents with an acute, CT confirmed pulmonary embolus of the right lower lobe one week following arthroscopic labral repair of the right shoulder. The patient's risk factors including obesity, oral contraceptive use, PCOS, and surgical positioning are discussed.
December 21, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284959/platelet-rich-plasma-and-incidence-of-alveolar-osteitis-in-high-risk-patients-undergoing-extractions-of-mandibular-molars-a-case-control-study
#18
Nitin Prataap, P M Sunil, C B Sudeep, Vivek Suku Ninan, Arun Tom, M R Arjun
Background: To evaluate the efficiency of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the incidence of alveolar osteitis (AO) in patients with potential risk factors for the development of AO. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in 150 patients visiting the outpatient department of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Patients with potential risk factors for the development of AO which included smokers, alcoholics, postmenopausal women, patients on oral contraceptives, pericoronitis, and bruxism were included for the study...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284699/what-factors-contribute-to-postabortion-contraceptive-uptake-by-young-women-a-program-evaluation-in-10-countries-in-asia-and-sub-saharan-africa
#19
Janie Benson, Kathryn Andersen, Joan Healy, Dalia Brahmi
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy disproportionately affects young women and adolescents in developing countries. The abortion care setting offers a unique opportunity for adolescents and young women to access a full range of contraceptive services. This evaluation assesses the factors that influence contraceptive uptake among adolescents and young women seeking abortion care in health facilities. METHODS: Following provider training, we analyzed client log book data from 921,918 abortion care cases in 4,881 health facilities in 10 countries from July 2011 through June 2015...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283683/period-prevalence-and-perceived-side-effects-of-hormonal-contraceptive-use-and-the-menstrual-cycle-in-elite-athletes
#20
Daniel Martin, Craig Sale, Simon B Cooper, Kirsty J Elliott-Sale
PURPOSE: To identify the period prevalence of hormonal contraceptive (HC) use and characterise the perceived side effects associated with the menstrual cycle and HC use. METHODS: 430 elite female athletes completed a questionnaire to assess; the period prevalence of HC use, the reasons for initiation and discontinuation of HCs and the side effects experienced by HC and non-HC users. Descriptive statistics, between-group comparisons and associations between categorical variables were calculated...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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