keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

buddhism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022034/mindfulness-a-new-paradigm-of-psychosocial-care-in-the-palliative-care-setting-in-southeast-asia
#1
Seng Beng Tan, David Paul Capelle, Nor Zuraida Zainal, Ee Jane Lim, Ee Chin Loh, Chee Loong Lam
Alleviation of suffering in palliative care needs a combination of good symptom control and psychosocial care. The capacity of mindfulness to promote psychological flexibility opens up possibilities of creating a paradigm shift that can potentially change the landscape of psychosocial care. In this review, we attempt to introduce 4 methods to establish mindfulness based on 'The Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness', a core text of Theravada Buddhism, followed by a brief comparison of the concepts and practices of mindfulness in different cultures and religions in Southeast Asia...
September 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953819/supporting-students-of-diverse-cultures-and-faiths-experiences-from-a-university-perspective
#2
Jill Gale, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya
BACKGROUND: University of Bedfordshire is a large University with over 24000 students from over 100 countries. The main religions recorded are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jewish and Sikhism amongst others. Around 45% of them do not have any recorded religion. The Mental Health Advisor will come across a wide range of students from different backgrounds each with their own unique presentation of mental health distress. It is well known that people of different communities and cultures experience signs and symptoms of mental distress in different ways...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951840/beliefs-and-values-in-japanese-acupuncture-an-ethnography-of-japanese-trained-acupuncture-practitioners-in-japan
#3
Benjamin Chant, Jeanne Madison, Paul Coop, Gudrun Dieberg
BACKGROUND: Japanese acupuncture is gaining international recognition. However, previous research has failed to comprehensively describe the characteristics of Japanese acupuncture by not investigating it within the Japanese clinical environment. This study aimed to identify unique and routine elements of Japanese acupuncture, describe these elements in detail, and examine how the current beliefs and attitudes of Japanese acupuncture practitioners related to philosophical concepts in their practice...
September 2017: Integrative medicine research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939326/peircean-cosmogony-s-symbolic-agapistic-self-organization-as-an-example-of-the-influence-of-eastern-philosophy-on-western-thinking
#4
REVIEW
Søren Brier
Charles S. Peirce developed a process philosophy featuring a non-theistic agapistic evolution from nothingness. It is an Eastern inspired alternative to the Western mechanical ontology of classical science also by the American transcendentalists. Advaitism and Buddhism are the two most important Eastern philosophical traditions that encompass scientific knowledge and the idea of spontaneous evolutionary development. This article attempts to show how Peirce's non-mechanical triadic semiotic process theory can embrace the quantum field view better than the mechanical and information views in a theory of the emergence of consciousness...
September 19, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916329/ecological-extension-of-the-theory-of-evolution-by-natural-selection-from-a-perspective-of-western-and-eastern-holistic-philosophy
#5
REVIEW
Toshiyuki Nakajima
Evolution by natural selection requires the following conditions: (1) a particular selective environment; (2) variation of traits in the population; (3) differential survival/reproduction among the types of organisms; and (4) heritable traits. However, the traditional (standard) model does not clearly explain how and why these conditions are generated or determined. What generates a selective environment? What generates new types? How does a certain type replace, or coexist with, others? In this paper, based on the holistic philosophy of Western and Eastern traditions, I focus on the ecosystem as a higher-level system and generator of conditions that induce the evolution of component populations; I also aim to identify the ecosystem processes that generate those conditions...
September 12, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836803/reducing-defensive-responses-to-thoughts-of-death-meditation-mindfulness-and-buddhism
#6
Young Chin Park, Tom Pyszczynski
Three studies investigated the effects of meditation on responses to reminders of death. Study 1 took a quasi-experimental approach, comparing defensive responses to mortality salience (MS) of South Korean participants with varying levels of experience with Buddhism and meditation. Whereas non-Buddhists without meditation showed the typical increase in worldview defense after mortality salience (MS), this effect was not found among non-Buddhists immediately after an initial meditation experience, nor among lay Buddhists who meditated regularly or Buddhist monks with intensive meditation experience...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803410/an-investigation-of-moral-principles-and-mental-training-in-the-p%C3%A4-li-nik%C3%A4-yas-and-their-implications-for-behaviour-modification-and-mental-health
#7
Ashin Sumanacara
This article explicates the fundamental moral principles and mental training of Buddhism that have implications for behavioural transformation and mental health promotion. These techniques are considered to be effective for transforming the unwholesome thoughts and overcoming the afflictions (āsavas). It investigates some methods of mental training that can be designed to fit the behaviour of a practitioner. It also investigates the three key interdependent elements of mindfulness techniques and, in particular, how a simple practice of mindfulness (sati), full awareness (sampajañña), and proper attention (yoniso-manasikāra) can help us modify our behaviour and achieve mental health...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795594/the-battle-of-worldviews-a-case-study-of-liver-fluke-infection-in-khon-kaen-thailand
#8
Sara Samiphak, S Leonard Syme
Control efforts to reduce infection from the parasitic flatworm Opisthorchis viverrini have progressed through understanding the epidemiology of Opisthorchis viverrini, antiparasitic drug developments, technological innovations, health education promoting cooking of fish, and improved hygienic defecation. Yet the problem persists. The case study method was used to examine the fundamental cause of the liver fluke infection problem. Evidence shows that the liver fluke-infected population does not care about living a long life...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746003/erich-fromm-s-involvement-with-zen-buddhism-psychoanalysts-and-the-spiritual-quest-in-subsequent-decades
#9
Alan Roland
The first section of this paper covers Erich Fromm's profound involvement with Zen Buddhism, culminating in his co-authoring the book Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis in 1960. It details why this was a groundbreaking endeavor, as it countered the pervasive psychoanalytic denigration of spiritual traditions, practices, and experiences. The second section describes the effect of Fromm's Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis on the author of this paper, as he came to clinical psychology and psychoanalysis from involvement in Indian philosophy...
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718052/zen-and-the-art-of-living-mindfully-the-health-enhancing-potential-of-zen-aesthetics
#10
T Lomas, N Etcoff, W Van Gordon, E Shonin
Amidst the burgeoning enthusiasm for mindfulness in the West, there is a concern that the largely secular 'de-contextualized' way in which it is being harnessed is denuding it of its potential to improve health and well-being. As such, efforts are underway to 're-contextualize' mindfulness, explicitly drawing on the wider framework of Buddhist ideas and practices in which it was initially developed. This paper aims to contribute to this, doing so by focusing on Zen Buddhism, and in particular on Zen aesthetic principles...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701970/the-depressive-attributional-style-is-not-that-depressive-for-buddhists
#11
Michelle T Liu, Fei Wang, Kaiping Peng
Numerous studies have shown that depression-prone people are characterized by a chronic style of attributing failures to internal, stable, and global causes, sometimes labeled as the "depressive attributional style." Much less is known, however, about how social-cultural factors such as religious beliefs might modulate these processes. In the current study, we hypothesized that Buddhism's view of ultimate internal controllability plays a buffering role against the depressive attributional style and reduces its negative impacts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669110/near-death-experiences-in-a-multi-religious-hospital-population-in-sri-lanka
#12
Miyuru Chandradasa, Chamara Wijesinghe, K A L A Kuruppuarachchi, Mahendra Perera
Near-death experiences (NDEs) are a wide range of experiences that occur in association with impending death. There are no published studies on NDEs in general hospital populations, and studies have been mainly conducted on critically ill patients. We assessed the prevalence of NDEs and its associations in a multi-religious population in a general hospital in Sri Lanka. A randomised sample of patients admitted to the Colombo North Teaching Hospital was assessed using the Greyson NDE scale and clinical assessment...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659509/the-impact-of-self-directed-voice-of-love-messages-on-anger-a-pilot-study
#13
Arie Tzvieli, Tamar Zaig, Igal Ayal, Gil Thieberger, Sarit Rothschild, Yoram Barak
Context • Buddhist texts direct practitioners to generate a feeling of love to stop the affliction of anger. Modern self-help practices and clinical psychology have demonstrated that generating emotions of love can reduce anger. More studies are needed, however, to identify the active components of interventions and their applicability in clinical populations. Objective • The study investigated the hypothesis that enhancing self-love through frequent listening to recorded self-loving messages can reduce anger...
April 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648241/is-a-peaceful-mind-a-winning-mind-comment-on
#14
Li-Wei Zhang
This commentary on Hardy and colleagues' discussion of psychosocial biographies of British super-elite athletes discusses cultural differences from a Chinese perspective. While British super-elite athletes might cope with high pressure by a counter-phobic attitude or total preparation, Chinese super-elite athletes achieve that by "Pingchangxin," a concept originated from Hongzhou Buddhism. This concept is difficult to translate but includes having no evaluation of good and evil, maintaining a peaceful mind in adversity and frustration, letting nature take its course, so as to reach the realm of freedom...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615762/prevalence-of-depression-among-school-going-adolescents-in-an-urban-area-of-bihar-india
#15
Kunal Kishor Jha, Satyajeet Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar Nirala, Chandramani Kumar, Pragya Kumar, Neeraj Aggrawal
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the under-recognized health problems in adolescents. Emotional instability resulted from childhood to adulthood transition makes adolescents vulnerable to depression. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of depression and its associated sociodemographic factors among school-going adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken from January 2016 to June 2016 in adolescents studying in 9-12(th) standard from forty schools located in an urban area of Patna, Bihar...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580556/-the-application-of-body-mind-spirit-integrated-psychotherapy-in-nursing-practice
#16
Fei-Hsiu Hsiao
Body-mind-spirit integrated psychotherapy reflects the core value of nursing by emphasizing the inseparable concept of body, mind, and spirit and caring for the holistic needs of the patient. Body-mind-spirit integrated psychotherapy was developed based on Western psychotherapy (positive psychology and forgiveness therapy), traditional Chinese medicine, and the Eastern philosophies of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. The present paper describes the holistic concepts that underpin this therapeutic approach...
June 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555314/never-die-alone-death-and-birth-in-pure-land-buddhism-jonathan-watts-and-yoshiharu-tomatsu-editors-2008-jodo-shu-press-tokyo-978-4-883-63041-7-175-pp
#17
Ilana Maymind
This is a review of a collection of six essays. These essays, with the exception of one, are written by the followers of Shin Buddhism (Pure Land Buddhism). The last essay in this collection is written from the perspective of Theravada Buddhism rather than Mahayana Buddhism. This collection is a result of the initiative by Rev. Yoshiharu Tomatsu who, as a Buddhist priest, has acquired hands-on experience in dealing with grieving Temple members and became acutely aware of the discrepancy between a medical system and a ritualistic Buddhist system...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529298/an-aspect-of-the-history-of-medicine-in-ancient-korea-as-examined-through-silla-buddhist-monks-annotations-on-the-chapter-on-eliminating-disease-in-the-sutra-of-golden-light-suvarnabh%C3%A4-sa-s%C3%A5-tra
#18
Chaekun Oh, Jongwook Jeon, Dongwon Shin
Nearly nothing is known of medicine in ancient Korea due to insufficient materials. With several extant prescriptions and esoteric methods of treating diseases alone, it is impossible to gauge in depth the management of medicine during this period. If one exception were to be cited, that would be the fact that the annotations for understanding the contents on Indian medicine in the "Chapter on Eliminating Disease" in the Sutra of Golden Light, a Buddhist sutra originating from India, reflected the medical knowledge of Buddhist monks from Silla (57 BC-935 AD) who were active immediately after the nation's unification of the two other kingdoms on the Korean Peninsula (668 AD) such as Wonhyo (617-686 AD), Gyeongheung (620?-700? AD), and Seungjang (684-? AD)...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515634/difference-in-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-the-elderly-in-rural-vietnam
#19
REVIEW
T Van Nguyen, H Van Nguyen, T Duc Nguyen, T Van Nguyen, T The Nguyen
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam today, many generations remain living together in a family. With escalating urbanization and population aging, mental health disorders and the quality of life (QoL) among the elderly are gradually presenting themselves as of great concern. The objective of this study was to examine gender differences in QoL and some associated factors among the elderly in rural Vietnam using the QoL scale of WHO (WHOQOL-BREF). METHODS: A cross-sectional study using quantitative methods...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466099/healthcare-in-pali-buddhism
#20
Giuliano Giustarini
This article addresses an apparent paradox found in Pali Buddhist literature: while the "uncompounded" (asaṅkhata) is valued over and above what is "compounded" (saṅkhata), the texts also encourage careful attention to relative (or, physical) health. The mind is the laboratory and the object of a thorough work meant to lead to final liberation from mental affliction and from the cycle of existence, whereas the body is perceived as impure, limited, and intrinsically unsatisfactory. Nonetheless, a disciple of the Buddha is supposed to take care of his/her own and others' physical wellbeing, and monastic equipment includes a set of medicines...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
keyword
keyword
113499
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"