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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515634/difference-in-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-the-elderly-in-rural-vietnam
#1
REVIEW
T Van Nguyen, H Van Nguyen, T Duc Nguyen, T Van Nguyen, T The Nguyen
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam today, many generations remain living together in a family. With escalating urbanization and population aging, mental health disorders and the quality of life (QoL) among the elderly are gradually presenting themselves as of great concern. The objective of this study was to examine gender differences in QoL and some associated factors among the elderly in rural Vietnam using the QoL scale of WHO (WHOQOL-BREF). METHODS: A cross-sectional study using quantitative methods...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466099/healthcare-in-pali-buddhism
#2
Giuliano Giustarini
This article addresses an apparent paradox found in Pali Buddhist literature: while the "uncompounded" (asaṅkhata) is valued over and above what is "compounded" (saṅkhata), the texts also encourage careful attention to relative (or, physical) health. The mind is the laboratory and the object of a thorough work meant to lead to final liberation from mental affliction and from the cycle of existence, whereas the body is perceived as impure, limited, and intrinsically unsatisfactory. Nonetheless, a disciple of the Buddha is supposed to take care of his/her own and others' physical wellbeing, and monastic equipment includes a set of medicines...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439682/cancer-induced-bone-pain-management-through-buddhist-beliefs
#3
Fung Kei Cheng
Dealing with physical pain represents a huge public health expenditure, especially for cancer-induced bone pain, one of the most difficult health issues, which impairs appetite, sleep, and mobility, negatively impacting quality of life and evoking mental problems. Although some literature has reported positive correlation between religion and pain management, there is a dearth of research examining the effectiveness of Buddhism on this topic. This study investigates the usefulness of Buddhist beliefs in managing cancer-induced bone pain through a case example...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299367/ivf-in-sri-lanka-a-concise-history-of-regulatory-impasse
#4
Bob Simpson
This article outlines the development of IVF in Sri Lanka from the first successful births in the late 1990s and over the subsequent 15 years. It is based on anthropological fieldwork carried out at various points during this period. The piece focuses on the challenges entailed in achieving regulation of the new reproductive technologies against a backdrop of: (i) a bitter civil war; (ii) a complex mosaic of different religious traditions (specifically, Buddhism, Catholicism, Hinduism and Islam); and (iii) a shift towards neo-liberal marketization, particularly in relation to specialist and hi-tech medical interventions...
June 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244602/-mixed-blessings-parental-religiousness-parenting-and-child-adjustment-in-global-perspective
#5
Marc H Bornstein, Diane L Putnick, Jennifer E Lansford, Suha M Al-Hassan, Dario Bacchini, Anna Silvia Bombi, Lei Chang, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A Dodge, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Laurence Steinberg, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Arnaldo Zelli, Liane Peña Alampay
BACKGROUND: Most studies of the effects of parental religiousness on parenting and child development focus on a particular religion or cultural group, which limits generalizations that can be made about the effects of parental religiousness on family life. METHODS: We assessed the associations among parental religiousness, parenting, and children's adjustment in a 3-year longitudinal investigation of 1,198 families from nine countries. We included four religions (Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, and Islam) plus unaffiliated parents, two positive (efficacy and warmth) and two negative (control and rejection) parenting practices, and two positive (social competence and school performance) and two negative (internalizing and externalizing) child outcomes...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093763/where-east-meets-west-in-the-house-of-individuation
#6
Murray Stein
The psychological process of individuation as experienced in Jungian work may lead to states of consciousness that resemble advanced spiritual developments across religious traditions and cultures. This is where Westerners may reach a common ground with the East. In the essentials and with respect to the final goal there is little difference among the many ways to the self, even if the cultural features in the landscape are disparate. In late stage Jungian analysis and individuation and in what Erich Neumann calls 'centroversion', the personal and the impersonal aspects of the personality accumulate around the ego-self axis to form a composite identity...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093756/mottainai-a-japanese-sense-of-anima-mundi
#7
Yuriko Sato
The Japanese expression 'Mottainai!' can be translated as 'What a waste!' or 'Don't be wasteful!' However, mottainai means much more than that. It expresses a sense of concern or regret for whatever is wasted because its intrinsic value is not properly utilized. Buddhism and Japan's indigenous religion, Shinto, are integral to the Japanese psyche, accordingly the other-than-human world is also experienced and lived in daily life. In the Japanese worldview everything in nature is endowed with spirit, every individual existence is dependent on others and all are connected in an ever-changing world...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093753/a-lemma-science-of-mind-the-potential-of-the-kegon-flower-ornament-sutra
#8
Shin'ichi Nakazawa
The paper argues for a new perspective on the relationship between Buddhism and European psychology, or sciences of the mind, based in the Kegon Sutra, a text that emerged in the early stages of Mahayana Buddhism (3(rd) - 5(th) century CE). The basis of European science is logos intellection, formalized by Aristotle as following three laws: the law of identity, the law of contradiction and the law of the excluded middle. Logic in the Buddhist tradition, by contrast, is based in lemma (meaning to understand as a whole not with language, but with intuition)...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093751/the-emergence-of-the-ecological-mind-in-hua-yen-kegon-buddhism-and-jungian-psychology
#9
Joe Cambray
The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung's explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung's Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906980/patterns-of-sexual-behavior-in-lowland-thai-youth-and-ethnic-minorities-attending-high-school-in-rural-chiang-mai-thailand
#10
Linda Aurpibul, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Surapee Tarnkehard
INTRODUCTION: The rural areas of Northern Thailand are home to a large cultural diversity of ethnic minority groups. Previous studies have shown that young people in rural Thailand have low levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and high sexual risks. We compared sexual behaviors between the lowland Thai youth and the youth from ethnic minority groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a cross-sectional quantitative study conducted among high-school Thai and ethnic students in Chiang Mai...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887028/influence-of-urbanity-on-perception-of-mental-illness-stigma-a-population-based-study-in-urban-and-rural-hanoi-vietnam
#11
Thi Minh Tam Ta, Aron Zieger, Georg Schomerus, Tien Duc Cao, Michael Dettling, Xuan Tinh Do, Aditya Mungee, Albert Diefenbacher, Matthias C Angermeyer, Eric Hahn
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To examine, for the first time in Vietnam, whether urbanity of respondents among other socio-demographic factors affects the public perception of stigma attached to persons with mental illness in Hanoi. METHODS: A general population-based survey was carried out in 2013 in the greater Hanoi area. The perception of stigma attached to people with mental illness was elicited using Link's perceived discrimination and devaluation scale (PDDS) carried out in Vietnamese language...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822349/religious-aspects-of-assisted-reproduction
#12
REVIEW
H N Sallam, N H Sallam
Human response to new developments regarding birth, death, marriage and divorce is largely shaped by religious beliefs. When assisted reproduction was introduced into medical practice in the last quarter of the twentieth century, it was fiercely attacked by some religious groups and highly welcomed by others. Today, assisted reproduction is accepted in nearly all its forms by Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism, although most Orthodox Jews refuse third party involvement. On the contrary assisted reproduction is totally unacceptable to Roman Catholicism, while Protestants, Anglicans, Coptic Christians and Sunni Muslims accept most of its forms, which do not involve gamete or embryo donation...
March 28, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763668/nina-coltart-and-the-border-of-bethlehem
#13
Philip Kime
Nina Coltart's freedom in addressing delicate areas such as spirituality and Buddhism within a psychoanalytic framework has opened borders between different psychoanalytic communities. This paper sets out to identify a deep-rooted philosophical tension that runs through several aspects of Coltart's work starting from her 'Slouching towards Bethlehem … or, thinking the unthinkable in psychoanalysis'. In exploring this central topic in depth psychology, of the distinction between thinkable and unthinkable contents, the author argues that it is not a fundamental distinction in Coltart's work but is rather a particular example of a more fundamental structural dichotomy which pervades her approach and which manifests in several different guises...
November 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733985/from-undang-undang-melaka-to-federal-constitution-the-dynamics-of-multicultural-malaysia
#14
Mohd Roslan Mohd Nor, Ahmad Termizi Abdullah, Abdul Karim Ali
BACKGROUND: Malaysia is a multicultural state comprising three main races: Malays, Chinese and Indians. The three main religions are Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. Other religions such as Sikhism and Christianity are also practised. Muslims are the majority comprising 67 % of the population. METHODS: This paper is qualitative in nature. It applies historical comparative method in presenting its data. The Undang-undang Melaka (Malacca Laws) was obtained from the monograph available at National Library of Malaysia under the name of Hukum Kanun Melaka...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611925/buddhism-as-a-meaning-system-for-coping-with-late-life-stress-a-conceptual-framework
#15
Jianbin Xu
OBJECTIVES: Religion is increasingly conceptualized as a meaning system for adjustment and coping. Most of the conceptualizations are grounded in the Judeo-Christian tradition. They may thus not be applicable to Buddhism, which provides a distinct tenor of meaning for coping. This article seeks to construct a conceptual framework of Buddhism-as-a-meaning-system for coping with late-life stress. METHOD: Literature review and conceptualization were employed. RESULTS: Under this framework, Buddhism functions as a meaning system involving existential meaning, cognitive meaning, and behavioral meaning...
September 9, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529263/barriers-to-hospital-deliveries-among-ethnic-minority-women-with-religious-beliefs-in-china-a-descriptive-study-using-interviews-and-survey-data
#16
Peige Song, Chuyun Kang, Evropi Theodoratou, Neneh Rowa-Dewar, Xuebei Liu, Lin An
BACKGROUND: China has made great progress in improving hospital delivery-the coverage of hospital delivery has increased to above 95% in most regions- some regions lag behind owing to geographic and economic inequality, particularly the poor ethnic minority areas of the Sichuan Province. This study explores factors which may influence hospital delivery from multiple perspectives, with implications for practice and policy. METHODS: A framework analysis approach was used to identify and categorize the main barriers and levers to hospital delivery...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469046/who-founded-buddhism-notes-on-the-psychological-effectiveness-of-religious-objects
#17
David M Black
Starting with an outline of Buddhist history from a psychoanalytic perspective, this paper uses ideas from philosophy and psychoanalysis to consider the nature of the psychological effectiveness of religious objects. It suggests that the development of the devotional cult of Buddhas 'without form' such as Amitābha, at-first-glance surprising when juxtaposed with the founding vision of Gautama Siddhartha, tells us a great deal about the psychological needs that impel the evolution of religious thinking. Distinguishing religious objects from mythological ones, it argues that 'religious objects' are, more specifically, allegorical objects that can be encountered in the second person; that these may not always be well described as 'illusion'; and that they may in some cases be better understood as providing opportunities for experience that, like the transference in psychoanalysis, may have far-reaching psychological impacts...
April 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463652/archaeology-huge-statue-suggests-early-rise-for-buddhism
#18
Andrew Lawler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359017/the-adoption-of-buddhism-s-principles-as-a-means-of-improving-physicians-work-with-terminally-ill-patients
#19
Ruth Wolf
The medical approach as summarized by Leibowitz--"We must treat the person, not just the disease"--highlights the importance of treating the sick person and not only the illness' pathology. This approach calls for healing not only the physical side, but also--and mainly--the mental aspect of the patient. One of the goals of this article is to turn physicians' attention towards the compassion necessary in treating a person with a severe or chronic illness, or a person who is dying--precisely because sometimes there is no medical cure for the physical state of such a patient...
October 2014: Medicine and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27263730/the-wheel-of-life-and-death-p-kapleau-the-wheel-of-life-and-death-370pp-%C3%A2-8-95-0-7126-3621-9
#20
(no author information available yet)
Philip Kapleau uses the teachings of Eastern and Western religions to discuss death and dying and describes his book as 'essential reading... for all seekers after enlightenment and life-wisdom'. It is another book putting forward a spiritual dimension to the age-long concerns about the meaning of life and death. Much is based on Zen Buddhism which makes it unusual in approach and content.
April 11, 1990: Nursing Standard
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