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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723128/factors-influencing-family-surrogates-intention-with-regard-to-do-not-resuscitate-directive-for-patients-with-dementia
#1
Yu-Chiung Fang, Ming-Chyi Pai, Liang-Chao Wang, Ya-Ping Yang, Chung-Yi Li, Feng-Ping Lee, Jing-Jy Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of family surrogates' do-not-resuscitate (DNR) intention for patients with dementia (PwD), and factors influencing family surrogates' decisions. METHODS: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. Patients with dementia and their family surrogates from Dementia Outpatient Clinic of a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan were included. Data were collected using chart review and questionnaire survey. Influential factors were analyzed using multiple logistic regression...
April 10, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705829/psychological-resources-personality-traits-and-buddhism-a-study-of-italian-young-adults
#2
Marco Giannini, Yura Loscalzo, Daniela Beraldi, Alessio Gori
We aimed to examine whether young adults practicing Buddhism have elevated levels of psychological resources and specific personality traits compared to Catholics and Atheists. We recruited 184 participants: Soka Gakkai Buddhists (n = 60); non-practicing Roman Catholic Church believers (n = 62); Atheists (n = 62). We found that the Buddhists have higher optimism than both Catholics and Atheists. They also have higher self-efficacy and self-esteem than Catholics and higher perceived social support than Atheists...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527127/buddhism-christianity-and-psychotherapy-a-three-way-conversation-in-the-mid-twentieth-century
#3
Christopher Harding
This article explores the scope of 'religion-psy dialogue' in the mid-twentieth century, via a case study from Japan: Kosawa Heisaku, a Buddhist psychoanalyst based in Tokyo. By putting this case study in brief comparative perspective, with the conversation that took place in 1965 between Paul Tillich and Carl Rogers, the article discusses both the promise and the pitfalls of the modern and contemporary world of 'religion-psy dialogue', alongside the means by which specialists in a variety of fields might investigate and hold it to account...
2018: European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513766/material-security-life-history-and-moralistic-religions-a-cross-cultural-examination
#4
Benjamin Grant Purzycki, Cody T Ross, Coren Apicella, Quentin D Atkinson, Emma Cohen, Rita Anne McNamara, Aiyana K Willard, Dimitris Xygalatas, Ara Norenzayan, Joseph Henrich
Researchers have recently proposed that "moralistic" religions-those with moral doctrines, moralistic supernatural punishment, and lower emphasis on ritual-emerged as an effect of greater wealth and material security. One interpretation appeals to life history theory, predicting that individuals with "slow life history" strategies will be more attracted to moralistic traditions as a means to judge those with "fast life history" strategies. As we had reservations about the validity of this application of life history theory, we tested these predictions with a data set consisting of 592 individuals from eight diverse societies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497585/spiritually-integrated-cognitive-processing-therapy-a-new-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-that-targets-moral-injury
#5
Michelle Pearce, Kerry Haynes, Natalia R Rivera, Harold G Koenig
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating disorder, and current treatments leave the majority of patients with unresolved symptoms. Moral injury (MI) may be one of the barriers that interfere with recovery from PTSD, particularly among current or former military service members. Objective: Given the psychological and spiritual aspects of MI, an intervention that addresses MI using spiritual resources in addition to psychological resources may be particularly effective in treating PTSD...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376270/-recognition-and-use-of-aconitum-carmichaeli-from-the-pre-qin-period-to-tang-dynasty-also-on-rules-in-evolution-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#6
Kai Yang, Geng-Zhe Yu
The recognition and use of Aconitum carmichaeli have undergone various changes from the pre-Qin period to Tang dynasty. From "the drug of evil" to "the leader of hundreds of medicine ", people's understanding of A. carmichaeli is more and more deep and specific. The medicinal values of A. Carmichaeli have been excavated, and it is widely used in brewing skill, agricultural production, Taoism, Buddhism and festival customs. Its function is becoming more and more diversified and routinized...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359429/matriarchy-buddhism-and-food-security-in-sanephong-thailand
#7
Solot Sirisai, Sinee Chotiboriboon, Charana Sapsuwan, Praiwan Tantivatanasathien, Nuchjaree Setapun, Prangtong Duangnosan, Nattapach Thongkam, Sasiwimon Chuangyanyong
Sanephong is a matriarchal Karen community located in western Thailand. The community benefits greatly from the availability of local foods, such as cereals, tubers, wild vegetables, mushrooms, fruits, and animals. In the first phase of this project, 387 distinct local foods were identified, which were shown to be good sources of energy, protein, and vitamins. Despite the availability of a variety of nutritious local foods, the majority of households surveyed expressed concern over a decline in local foods due to changing socio-economic and environmental conditions...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355004/-exploration-on-the-history-of-acupuncture-in-chinese-buddhist-canon
#8
Liangsong Li, Zhaogeng Lin
It is believed that acupuncture science of Buddhist medicine has a long history and great characteristics after the investigation, research and analysis on the historic literature of acupuncture in Chinese Buddhist Canon. The writers tried to give the statements from 4 aspects. 1. Science of acupuncture in the time of Buddha. Firstly, the Buddhist acupuncture was mentioned in the time of Buddha, including substantial acupuncture, finger acupuncture and mental acupuncture. The substantial acupuncture refers to metal needle, plant needle, stone needle, bone needle, etc...
December 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274383/human-body-donation-in-thailand-donors-at-khon-kaen-university
#9
N Techataweewan, C Panthongviriyakul, Y Toomsan, W Mothong, P Kanla, A Chaichun, P Amarttayakong, N Tayles
BACKGROUND: Culture, society and spirituality contribute to variability in the characteristics of human body donors and donation programmes worldwide. The donors and the body donation programme at Khon Kaen University, northeast Thailand, reflect all these aspects of Thailand, including the status accorded to the donors and the ceremonial acknowledgement of the donors and their families. METHODS: Data from the programme records and from surveys of samples of currently registering donors and recently received donor bodies are analysed to define the characteristics of both registering and received donors, including motivation, demography, socio-economic status, health, and use of the bodies...
March 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219000/techniques-for-nothingness-debate-over-the-comparability-of-hypnosis-and-zen-in-early-twentieth-century-japan
#10
Yu-Chuan Wu
This paper explores a debate that took place in Japan in the early twentieth century over the comparability of hypnosis and Zen. The debate was among the first exchanges between psychology and Buddhism in Japan, and it cast doubt on previous assumptions that a clear boundary existed between the two fields. In the debate, we find that contemporaries readily incorporated ideas from psychology and Buddhism to reconstruct the experiences and concepts of hypnosis and Buddhist nothingness. The resulting new theories and techniques of nothingness were fruits of a fairly fluid boundary between the two fields...
December 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200545/self-interest-may-not-be-entirely-in-the-interest-of-the-self-association-between-selflessness-dispositional-mindfulness-and-psychological-well-being
#11
Adam W Hanley, Anne K Baker, Eric L Garland
The association between mindfulness and selflessness is firmly grounded in classical Indo-Sino-Tibetan contemplative traditions, but has received limited empirical attention from Western researchers. In Buddhism, the relationship between mindfulness and the self is of central concern to the cultivation of well-being. Mindfulness is believed to encourage insight into the truly insubstantial nature of the self, an understanding that is thought to encourage well-being. The present study explores these relationships, attending to dispositional mindfulness, the self as it exists on a continuum from self-centered to selfless, and psychological well-being...
October 15, 2017: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161911/the-efficacy-of-naikan-therapy-on-male-offenders-changes-in-perceived-social-support-and-externalized-blame
#12
Xinfang Ding, Zhongzhao Liu, Guangjian Cao, Shiwei Wei, Zipeng Qiu, Kelai Wang, Xiaodi Guo, Zhigang Di, Peng Ren, Haoqian Fucha
Naikan is a contemplative self-observation practice that originated from Japanese Shin Buddhism and is utilized for rehabilitating prison inmates in many countries. Although some investigations have provided initial evidence for its efficiency in decreasing recidivism, there is still a need for further investigation of the effectiveness of Naikan on other outcomes through more controlled studies. The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of Naikan therapy on male offenders' perceived social support and externalized blame...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100538/prevalence-and-predictors-of-help-seeking-for-women-exposed-to-spousal-violence-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Malin Leonardsson, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Spousal violence against women is prevalent in India (29%). Studies from various countries have shown that few women exposed to intimate partner violence or spousal violence seek help, especially in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of help-seeking among women in India who have experienced various types of spousal violence. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 19,125 married, separated, divorced or widowed women in India who had experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of their husbands were obtained from the India National Family Health Survey III 2005-2006...
November 3, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081754/the-mindful-self-a-mindfulness-enlightened-self-view
#14
Qianguo Xiao, Caizhen Yue, Weijie He, Jia-Yuan Yu
This paper analyzes studies of mindfulness and the self, with the aim of deepening our understanding of the potential benefits of mindfulness and meditation for mental health and well-being. Our review of empirical research reveals that positive changes in attitudes toward the self and others as a result of mindfulness-enabled practices can play an important role in modulating many mental and physical health problems. Accordingly, we introduce a new concept-the "mindful self"-and compare it with related psychological constructs to describe the positive changes in self-attitude associated with mindfulness meditation practices or interventions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022034/mindfulness-a-new-paradigm-of-psychosocial-care-in-the-palliative-care-setting-in-southeast-asia
#15
Seng Beng Tan, David Paul Capelle, Nor Zuraida Zainal, Ee Jane Lim, Ee Chin Loh, Chee Loong Lam
Alleviation of suffering in palliative care needs a combination of good symptom control and psychosocial care. The capacity of mindfulness to promote psychological flexibility opens up possibilities of creating a paradigm shift that can potentially change the landscape of psychosocial care. In this review, we attempt to introduce 4 methods to establish mindfulness based on 'The Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness', a core text of Theravada Buddhism, followed by a brief comparison of the concepts and practices of mindfulness in different cultures and religions in Southeast Asia...
September 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953819/supporting-students-of-diverse-cultures-and-faiths-experiences-from-a-university-perspective
#16
Jill Gale, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya
BACKGROUND: University of Bedfordshire is a large University with over 24000 students from over 100 countries. The main religions recorded are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jewish and Sikhism amongst others. Around 45% of them do not have any recorded religion. The Mental Health Advisor will come across a wide range of students from different backgrounds each with their own unique presentation of mental health distress. It is well known that people of different communities and cultures experience signs and symptoms of mental distress in different ways...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951840/beliefs-and-values-in-japanese-acupuncture-an-ethnography-of-japanese-trained-acupuncture-practitioners-in-japan
#17
Benjamin Chant, Jeanne Madison, Paul Coop, Gudrun Dieberg
BACKGROUND: Japanese acupuncture is gaining international recognition. However, previous research has failed to comprehensively describe the characteristics of Japanese acupuncture by not investigating it within the Japanese clinical environment. This study aimed to identify unique and routine elements of Japanese acupuncture, describe these elements in detail, and examine how the current beliefs and attitudes of Japanese acupuncture practitioners related to philosophical concepts in their practice...
September 2017: Integrative medicine research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939326/peircean-cosmogony-s-symbolic-agapistic-self-organization-as-an-example-of-the-influence-of-eastern-philosophy-on-western-thinking
#18
REVIEW
Søren Brier
Charles S. Peirce developed a process philosophy featuring a non-theistic agapistic evolution from nothingness. It is an Eastern inspired alternative to the Western mechanical ontology of classical science also inspired by the American transcendentalists. Advaitism and Buddhism are the two most important Eastern philosophical traditions that encompass scientific knowledge and the idea of spontaneous evolutionary development. This article attempts to show how Peirce's non-mechanistic triadic semiotic process theory is suited better to embrace the quantum field view than mechanistic and information-based views are with regard to a theory of the emergence of consciousness...
December 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916329/ecological-extension-of-the-theory-of-evolution-by-natural-selection-from-a-perspective-of-western-and-eastern-holistic-philosophy
#19
REVIEW
Toshiyuki Nakajima
Evolution by natural selection requires the following conditions: (1) a particular selective environment; (2) variation of traits in the population; (3) differential survival/reproduction among the types of organisms; and (4) heritable traits. However, the traditional (standard) model does not clearly explain how and why these conditions are generated or determined. What generates a selective environment? What generates new types? How does a certain type replace, or coexist with, others? In this paper, based on the holistic philosophy of Western and Eastern traditions, I focus on the ecosystem as a higher-level system and generator of conditions that induce the evolution of component populations; I also aim to identify the ecosystem processes that generate those conditions...
December 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836803/reducing-defensive-responses-to-thoughts-of-death-meditation-mindfulness-and-buddhism
#20
Young Chin Park, Tom Pyszczynski
Three studies investigated the effects of meditation on responses to reminders of death. Study 1 took a quasi-experimental approach, comparing defensive responses to mortality salience (MS) of South Korean participants with varying levels of experience with Buddhism and meditation. Whereas non-Buddhists without meditation showed the typical increase in worldview defense after mortality salience (MS), this effect was not found among non-Buddhists immediately after an initial meditation experience, nor among lay Buddhists who meditated regularly or Buddhist monks with intensive meditation experience...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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