keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral Microbiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927956/the-correlation-between-periodontal-health-status-and-suspectibility-to-infections-associated-with-craniomaxillofacial-osteosynthesis-plates
#1
Yahya Açil, Marie-Annett Heitzer, Aydin Gülses, Hendrik Naujokat, Rainer Podschun, Jörg Wiltfang, Christian Flörke
AIM: The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the possible relation between periodontal health status and infections associated with osteosynthesis materials (OMs) used in the oral and maxillofacial reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 32 individuals which were subdivided into two groups regarding their PSI scores. After the removal of the osteosynthesis plates, microbial colonization was assessed via microbiological cultivation, fluorescence microscopy and scanning electron microscopy...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927679/-mediastinitis-after-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration
#2
D Basille, F De Dominicis, E Magois, C Andrejak, P Berna, V Jounieaux
INTRODUCTION: Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive procedure used for the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. OBSERVATION: We describe a case of mediastinitis appearing 15 days after an EBUS-TBNA procedure in a 79 years old male patient. The mediastinitis was treated surgically by thoracotomy with a wide excision of infected tissue requiring transplantation of a serratus anterior muscle flap pedicled on a branch of the thoracodorsal artery...
September 16, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921547/a-clinical-randomized-study-on-the-influence-of-dental-whitening-on-streptococcus-mutans-population
#3
André Luiz Fraga Briso, Úrsula Aparecida Escalero Silva, Morganna Borges de Almeida Souza, Vanessa Rahal, Elerson Gaetti Jardim Júnior, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
Dental whitening with peroxides has been popularized through the at-home technique, which employs low concentrations of peroxide applied on individual trays. However, there are few clinical trials reporting the effects of its continuous use on oral microbiota. Thus, the purpose of the present clinical, randomized study was to evaluate the influence of at-home whitening treatment on Streptococcus mutans in saliva, buccal mucosa, and subgingival and supragingival plaque. Thirty volunteers were randomly divided into 2 study groups (n=15) according to the whitening therapy: G CP- whitening using 10% carbamide peroxide 4 hours daily for 21 days and G HP- whitening using 6% hydrogen peroxide 1...
September 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911127/nutritional-status-of-children-from-low-income-countries-arriving-in-spain
#4
Moncef Belhassen-García, Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Amparo Lopez-Bernus, Juan Luis Muñoz Bellido, Antonio Muro, Miguel Cordero, Javier Pardo-Lledias
Background: Nutritional problems, anaemia and infectious diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in children and adolescents in tropical and subtropical areas. The main objective of this study was to determine the nutritional status in children from low-income countries who migrated to Spain and the value of the usual biochemistry markers of nutrition in these children, as well as to evaluate the nutritional status associated with imported infectious diseases. Moreover, we evaluated the association between anaemia and nutrition problems...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904315/microbiological-assessment-of-effects-of-clinical-mouth-rinses-on-common-oral-microbes
#5
Taiji Ogawa, Mariko Honda-Ogawa, Kazunori Ikebe, Shigetada Kawabata, Yoshinobu Maeda
Dry mouth occurs frequently in aged individuals, as well as in patients who are hospitalized, receiving multiple drugs, undergoing radiation treatment to the head and neck, or wearing a removable denture prosthesis, use of mouth rinse being often an option for relief. In the present study, we performed microbiological assessments of subjects given three different commercially available mouth rinses commonly employed in clinical practice (Peptisal, Biotène, ConCool) to determine their effects. For bacterial clearance in vitro, Peptisal showed the highest level of suppression of oral indigenous bacteria found in both planktonic formations and biofilm...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900347/campylobacter-from-microbiology-to-prevention
#6
REVIEW
A Facciolà, R Riso, E Avventuroso, G Visalli, S A Delia, P Laganà
In last years, Campylobacter spp has become one of the most important foodborne pathogens even in high-income countries. Particularly, in Europe, Campylobacteriosis is, since 2005, the foodborne disease most frequently notified and the second in USA, preceded by the infection due to Salmonella spp. Campylobacter spp is a commensal microorganism of the gastrointestinal tract of many wild animals (birds such as ducks and gulls), farm animals (cattle and pigs) and companion animals (such as dogs and cats) and it is responsible for zoonoses...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894828/the-role-of-antibiotics-in-pediatric-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#7
REVIEW
Itzhak Brook
OBJECTIVES: Presenting the role of antibiotics in pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis based on its pathophysiology and microbiology. DATA SOURCE: Review of the literature searching PubMed for microbiology and treatment of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis. RESULTS: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory condition of the paranasal sinuses that persists for 12 weeks or longer, despite medical management. The microbiology of rhinosinusitis evolves through several stages...
June 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893690/new-agents-for-the-treatment-of-infections-with-gram-negative-bacteria-restoring-the-miracle-or-false-dawn
#8
REVIEW
H Wright, R A Bonomo, D L Paterson
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative resistance has developed without a commensurate response in the successful development of antibiotic agents, though recent progress has been made. AIMS: This review aims to provide a summary of the existing evidence on efficacy, spectrum of activity and the development of resistance of new agents that have been licensed or have completed advanced clinical trials and that possess activity against resistant Gram-negative organisms...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884476/probiotics-for-preventing-urinary-tract-infection-in-people-with-neuropathic-bladder
#9
REVIEW
Swee-Ling Toh, Claire L Boswell-Ruys, Bon San B Lee, Judy M Simpson, Kate R Clezy
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic or neurogenic bladder describes a process of dysfunctional voiding as the result of injury in the brain, spinal cord or nerves innervating the bladder. People with neuropathic bladder, such as from spinal cord injury (SCI), are at significant risk of morbidity from urinary tract infections (UTI). Effective methods to prevent UTI in people with SCI have been sought for many years. Probiotics (micro-organisms that exert beneficial health effects in the host) have been recommended for bacterial interference of the urological tract to reduce colonisation by uropathogen and to manage the dual problems of infection and antibiotic resistance...
September 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881167/meeting-report-the-12-th-european-oral-microbiology-workshop-eomw-in-stockholm-sweden
#10
Georgios N Belibasakis, Michael A Curtis, George Hajishengallis, Egija Zaura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869787/the-microbiology-of-oral-lichen-planus-is-microbial-infection-the-cause-of-oral-lichen-planus
#11
Keumjin Baek, Youngnim Choi
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a variant of LP, a common chronic mucocutaneous inflammatory disease. While cutaneous lesions of LP are self-limiting, OLP lesions are non-remissive, alternating periods of exacerbation and quiescence, and only symptomatic treatments exist for OLP. The precise etiology and pathogenesis of OLP are hardly understood, which is a major obstacle to the development of new therapeutics for this disease. OLP is considered a T cell-mediated inflammatory disease. Although various antigens have been considered, what actually triggers the inflammatory response of T cells is unknown...
September 4, 2017: Molecular Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865741/long-term-outcomes-of-inappropriate-antibiotic-therapy-for-upper-urinary-tract-infections-caused-by-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Inbal Greenhouse, Frida Babushkin, Talya Finn, Zvi Shimoni, Moran Aliman, Ronen Ben-Ami, Regev Cohen
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of different antimicrobial treatment options for upper urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with a first episode of febrile UTI and positive urine culture with ESBL-producing E. coli or K. pneumoniae during 2012-2015. We compared outcomes among patients who received: (1) definitive treatment with a carbapenem (CP), (2) a microbiologically appropriate intravenous non-carbapenem agent (NCA), (3) a non-appropriate antimicrobial (NAA), and (4) an intravenous NAA followed by an oral NCA (NAA-PO)...
July 28, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858272/-assessment-of-antibacterial-efficacy-of-ozone-therapy-in-treatment-of-caries-at-the-white-spot-stage
#13
I M Makeeva, A Yu Turkina, E G Margaryan, Yu O Paramonov, M A Polyakova
Effect on cariogenic flora is the key toremineralizing therapy efficacy in treatment of initial caries (at the white spot stage). Ozone in dentistry is used as a highly effective antibacterial agent. Treatment of white spot lesions with the ozone-air mixture leads to significant increase of efficacy in non-invasive treatment of initial caries. OBJECTIVE: clinical and microbiological assessment of antibacterial efficacy of ozone therapy in treatment of caries at the white spot stage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The trial recruited 86 patients for non-invasive treatment of caries at the white spot stage which included the complex of professional oral hygiene, medicamental treatment of white spot lesions with hydrogen peroxide 3% and chlorhexidinedigluconate 0,2%, treatment with the ozone-air mixture and application of hydroxyapatite Са2+...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853139/studying-the-human-oral-microbiome-challenges-and-the-evolution-of-solutions
#14
REVIEW
Angela Ml Benn, Nicholas Ck Heng, Jonathan Mark Broadbent, William Murray Thomson
Since the pioneering work of van Leeuwenhoek in 1684, subsequently built upon by other renowned microbiologists Robert Koch, Willoughby Miller and G.V. Black, oral microbiology has developed innovative techniques to study the oral microflora (now termed the "oral microbiome"). The advent of molecular techniques such as DNA-DNA hybridisation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing has created an array of opportunities to construct a comprehensive picture of the diversity and composition of the oral microbiome...
August 29, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838294/feline-leprosy-due-to-candidatus-mycobacterium-lepraefelis-further-clinical-and-molecular-characterisation-of-eight-previously-reported-cases-and-an-additional-30-cases
#15
Carolyn R O'Brien, Richard Malik, Maria Globan, George Reppas, Christina McCowan, Janet A Fyfe
OBJECTIVES: This paper, the last in a series of three on 'feline leprosy', provides a detailed description of disease referable to the previously unnamed species, Candidatus 'Mycobacterium lepraefelis', a close relative of the human pathogens Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis. METHODS: Cases were sourced retrospectively and prospectively for this observational study, describing clinical, geographical and molecular microbiological data for cats definitively diagnosed with Candidatus 'M lepraefelis' infection...
September 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836279/open-flap-debridement-of-peri-implantitis-with-or-without-adjunctive-systemic-antibiotics-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Hadar Hallström, G Rutger Persson, Susann Lindgren, Stefan Renvert
AIMS: To investigate clinical, radiographic and microbiological outcome over 12 months following open flap debridement of peri-implantitis with or without antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peri-implantitis was surgically treated with or without Zithromax(®) in 19 control and 20 test individuals. Probing pocket depth (PPD), gingival inflammation (BOP), intra-oral radiographs and microbial samples were studied. Per protocol, and intent to treat analyzes were performed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833205/preoperative-management-of-colorectal-cancer-induced-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-clinical-practice-data-from-a-large-observational-cohort
#17
MaríaJesús Laso-Morales, Carlos Jericó, Susana Gómez-Ramírez, Jordi Castellví, Lorenzo Viso, Inmaculada Roig-Martínez, Caridad Pontes, Manuel Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anemia prevalence among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients is high and may adversely influence postoperative outcome. This study assesses the efficacy of a preoperative anemia managing protocol in CRC. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of consecutive CRC resections at two Spanish centers (January 2012 to December 2013). Preoperative anemia was defined as a hemoglobin (Hb) level of less than 13 g/dL and treated with intravenous iron (IVI) or standard care (oral iron or no iron)...
August 21, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816188/assessment-of-changes-in-nickel-and-chromium-levels-in-the-gingival-crevicular-fluid-during-fixed-orthodontic-treatment
#18
Vinny Bhasin, Swati J Pustake, Viprat Joshi, Anil Tiwari, Meenakshi Bhasin, Ramandeep S Punia
BACKGROUND: Various components of appliances used in fixed orthodontic treatment are fabricated from materials that are highly resistant in nature and have high strength and biocompatibility. Corrosion of materials occurs inside the oral cavity due to numerous environmental or oral factors that act on them. These factors include temperature, pH variation, salivary conditions, mechanical loads, microbiological and enzymatic activity, and various food components. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is the material obtained from the gingival sulcus and might act as a potential source for various biomarkers in the orthodontic setup because inflammatory-induced response is directly related to orthodontic forces in GCF...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811824/preparation-of-galla-chinensis-oral-solution-as-well-as-its-stability-safety-and-antidiarrheal-activity-evaluation
#19
Yi Yang, Huihui Luo, Xu Song, Li Yu, Juan Xie, Jiajie Yang, Renyong Jia, Juchun Lin, Yuanfeng Zou, Lixia Li, Lizi Yin, Changliang He, Xiaoxia Liang, Guizhou Yue, Zhongqiong Yin
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY: As a widely used traditional medicine, Galla Chinensis is rich in tannins. However, there are few detailed studies about pharmaceutical preparations of Galla Chinensis tannin extract (GTE). In the present experiments, for better application and to investigate the possibility that Galla Chinensis tannin extract can be used as an antidiarrheal drug, we prepared Galla Chinensis oral solution (GOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: GOS was prepared with GTE, and its physicochemical and microbiological stability was evaluated...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809644/-endoprosthesis-infections-guidelines-for-antibiotic-therapy-common-guidelines-of-the-czech-society-for-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-and-the-society-for-infectious-diseases-of-the-czech-medical-association-of-j-e-purkyn%C3%A4
#20
D Musil, M Balejová, M Horníková, A Chrdle, N Mallátová, O Nyč, V Chmelík, J Gallo, D Jahoda, J Stehlík
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY This study aims to articulate regional guidelines for curative and suppressive antibiotic therapy of total joint replacement infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS When developing the standard, used as source materials were the published foreign guidelines for antibiotic therapy of prosthetic joint infections, the analysis of resistance of bacterial strains conducted in the Hospital in České Budějovice, a.s. and the assessment of strain resistance for the Czech Republic published by the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
keyword
keyword
113497
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"