keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral Microbiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149474/interventions-for-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#1
REVIEW
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138582/once-daily-intramuscular-amikacin-for-outpatient-treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-infections-caused-by-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-children
#2
Meltem Polat, Soner Sertan Kara
Background: The rise in community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs) with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli strains raises the question of how to treat these infections effectively in pediatric outpatients. Amikacin has shown promising in vitro activity against ESBL-producing urinary isolates of E. coli; however, clinical data are limited. Objective: To investigate the clinical and microbiological outcomes of community-acquired lower UTIs caused by ESBL-producing E...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137160/the-influence-of-toothpaste-containing-australian-melaleuca-alternifolia-oil-and-ethanolic-extract-of-polish-propolis-on-oral-hygiene-and-microbiome-in-patients-requiring-conservative-procedures
#3
Tomasz Piekarz, Anna Mertas, Karolina Wiatrak, Rafał Rój, Patryk Kownacki, Joanna Śmieszek-Wilczewska, Ewelina Kopczyńska, Maciej Wrzoł, Maria Cisowska, Ewelina Szliszka, Zenon P Czuba, Iwona Niedzielska, Tadeusz Morawiec
The study was based on the use of a toothpaste with antiphlogistic activity, containing Australian Melaleuca alternifolia oil (tea tree oil-TTO) and ethanolic extract of Polish propolis (EEP). Fifty-one patients with varying conditions of the gingiva were divided into two groups. The study group received the toothpaste with TTO and EEP, while the control group received the same toothpaste but without TTO and EEP. Approximal plaque index (API), simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-s) and modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI) were assessed in three subsequent stages...
November 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114393/vibrio-furnissii-an-emerging-pathogen-causing-acute-gastroenteritis-a-case-report
#4
Mamatha Ballal, Vignesh Shetty, Sohan Rodney Bangera, Mukhyaprana Prabhu, Shashikiran Umakanth
Introduction.Vibrio furnissii is a motile, Gram-negative, oxidase-positive, halophilic bacteria first defined in 1977. It is ubiquitously present in marine environments and is one of the 11 non-cholera Vibrio species pathogenic in humans, which can lead to human gastroenteritis and extra-intestinal manifestations. Case presentation. A 73-year-old female patient was admitted to the hospital with acute gastroenteritis after consumption of seafood, which later by microbiological investigations was confirmed as Vibrio furnissii, a member of the family Vibrionaceae...
September 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112493/-cysteamine-ophthalmic-hydrogel-for-the-treatment-of-ocular-cystinosis
#5
Anxo Fernández-Ferreiro, Andrea Luaces-Rodríguez, Victoria Díaz-Tomé, María Gil-Martínez, María Teresa Rodríguez Ares, Rosario Touriño Peralba, José Blanco-Méndez, Miguel González-Barcia, Francisco Javier Otero-Espinar, María Jesús Lamas
Ocular cystinosis is a rare disease characterised by the deposit of cystine crystals on the corneal surface, which hinder patients' eyesight. Oral cysteamine is given as cysteamine; however, it does not reach the cornea due to the lack of corneal vascularization making necessary its  administration by the topical ocular route. The aim of the present study is to  determine the stability of an ophthalmic hydrogel of cysteamine, which can be  potentially prepared at hospital pharmacy departments, under different preservation conditions during a follow-up of 30 days...
November 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109580/fosfomycin-susceptibility-in-multidrug-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-species-and-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-urinary-isolates
#6
Linda B Ou, Lynn Nadeau
Background: Broad-spectrum antibiotics are often used to treat urinary tract infections (UTIs) due to drug-resistant species of Enterobacteriaceae and Enterococcus (e.g., organisms producing extended-spectrum β-lactamase [ESBL] or AmpC β-lactamase, as well as vancomycin-resistant enterococci [VRE]). However, this type of therapy can promote selection of resistant organisms and may necessitate venous access. Fosfomycin is an orally administered, single-dose antibiotic for the treatment of uncomplicated UTI...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109321/epidemiological-and-clinicopathological-analysis-of-92-odontogenic-tumors-a-5-year-retrospective-study
#7
Ipsita Sharma, Deepa Venkatesh, Geetanjali Bawa, Syed Vaseemuddin, Amit Joseph, Jimmy K Sangtani
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic tumors (OTs) are a heterogeneous group of lesions that are derived from odontogenic apparatus comprised of odontogenic epithelium, ectomesenchyme, and/ or mesenchymal elements. The OTs show marked geographical variation. This study was conducted to analyze the epidemiology and clinicopathological presentation of OTs based on age, sex, and site. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082256/examination-of-oral-microbiota-diversity-in-adults-and-older-adults-as-an-approach-to-prevent-spread-of-risk-factors-for-human-infections
#8
Paweł J Zawadzki, Konrad Perkowski, Marcin Padzik, Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska, Jacek P Szaflik, David Bruce Conn, Lidia Chomicz
The oral cavity environment may be colonized by polymicrobial communities with complex, poorly known interrelations. The aim of this study was to determine oral microbiota diversity in order to prevent the spread of infectious microorganisms that are risk factors for human health complications in patients requiring treatment due to various disabilities. The study examined Polish adults aged between 40 and 70 years; parasitological, microbiological, and mycological data collected before treatment were analyzed...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077527/the-rationale-and-evidence-for-use-of-inhaled-antibiotics-to-control-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infection-in-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis
#9
Rajiv Dhand
Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFBE) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease characterized by irreversible dilation of the bronchi, symptoms of persistent cough and expectoration, and recurrent infective exacerbations. The prevalence of NCFBE is on the increase in the United States and Europe, but no licensed therapies are currently available for its treatment. Although there are many similarities between NCFBE and cystic fibrosis (CF) in terms of respiratory symptoms, airway microbiology, and disease progression, there are key differences, for example, in response to treatment, suggesting differences in pathogenesis...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076238/retrospective-review-of-ct-guided-intervertebral-disc-biopsies-performed-at-a-tertiary-referral-centre-for-suspected-osteodiscitis
#10
Kylie Lopes Floro, Wendy Munckhof, John Coucher
INTRODUCTION: Patients with osteodiscitis are often prescribed antibiotics prior to biopsy. There is controversy in the literature about whether antibiotic pre-treatment prior to CT-guided biopsy decreases the microbiological culture yield. Conclusions from previous studies are influenced by sample size error and selection bias. Our study, conducted in a large number of patients over a 10-year period, clarifies this issue so that best clinical practice is assured. METHODS: We performed a retrospective audit of the clinical, radiological and microbiological features of adult patients who underwent CT-guided biopsies for suspected osteodiscitis at a tertiary institution...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063496/kocuria-massiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-a-patient-with-foot-osteomyelitis
#11
Sophie Edouard, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Mamadou Beye, Frédérique Gouriet, Gregory Dubourg, Jeremy Delerce, Laure Swiader, Didier Raoult
Most of the species from the genus Kocuria are environmental or commensals of mammalian skin and oral bacteria, and had rarely been associated with human infection. However, recent reports showed an increase of the clinical role of these bacteria in human infectious diseases. Most of the cases occurred in hospitals and were device related. They included bacteremia, peritonitis, abscess, endocarditis and ocular infection. We here describe the main characteristics and the draft genome of Kocuria massiliensis sp...
October 23, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059646/kocuria-rosea-kocuria-kristinae-leuconostoc-mesenteroides-as-caries-causing-representatives-of-oral-microflora
#12
Maiia M Ananieva, Mariia O Faustova, Iaroslav O Basarab, Galina A Loban'
INTRODUCTION: Recently, opportunistic microflora are increasingly known to be involved in the development of pathological processes in various systems and organs. This situation promotes interest in their detailed study as causative agents of bacterial infections. THE AIM: To study the microbial species residing in carious cavities in acute profound caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 14 people with a diagnosis of acute profound caries...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054943/non-infectious-aortitis-in-an-immunosuppressed-renal-transplant-recipient-with-iga-nephropathy
#13
Charlotte M Snead, Stephen C Crockett, Phillippa K Bailey
A 54-year-old woman presented with atypical chest pain, fever and malaise. She was immunosuppressed with three agents following a living-donor kidney transplant 1 year previously. Her native kidney failure was secondary to biopsy-demonstrated crescentic IgA nephropathy, with systemic involvement. A CT pulmonary angiogram revealed an inflammatory cuff of soft tissue around the descending thoracic aorta suggesting aortitis. Inflammatory markers were elevated. Given her immunosuppression, the patient was screened extensively for infective causes and was empirically commenced on intravenous meropenem...
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050796/sites-of-infection-associated-with-streptococcus-anginosus-group-among-children
#14
Mihoko Furuichi, Yuho Horikoshi
Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG) are parts of normal flora of the oral cavity and associated with abscess forming in various sites on the body. Although the clinical features of infections caused by each member of the SAG in adults has been reported, it has not well been known in children. The aim of this study was to clarify the site of infections associated with individual SAG species among children. Medical records from March 2010 to July 2016 were reviewed at Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044521/influence-of-tongue-brushing-and-scraping-on-the-oral-microflora-of-periodontitis-patients
#15
I Laleman, R Koop, W Teughels, C Dekeyser, M Quirynen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of tongue cleaning with a tongue scraper (TS) or toothbrush (TB) in patients with periodontitis. BACKGROUND: The tongue is a possible reservoir for bacterial (re)colonization of the periodontal tissues in patients with periodontitis. To date, it is not known what the influence of tongue cleaning is on the tongue coating of patients with periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen systemically healthy, untreated moderate to severe adult patients with periodontitis with some degree of tongue coating were randomly assigned to the use of a TS or TB for cleaning the tongue...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040595/a-comparison-of-levofloxacin-and-oral-third-generation-cephalosporins-as-antibacterial-prophylaxis-in-acute-leukaemia-patients-during-chemotherapy-induced-neutropenia
#16
Kristyn E Yemm, Jason N Barreto, Kristin C Mara, Ross A Dierkhising, Naseema Gangat, Pritish K Tosh
Background: There is demonstrated benefit with fluoroquinolones as infection prophylaxis in neutropenic patients; however, side effects, drug interactions and increasing resistance necessitate investigation of alternative therapies. Objectives: To compare the incidence of febrile neutropenia in high-risk patients with haematological malignancy receiving a fluoroquinolone with those receiving an oral third-generation cephalosporin (OTGC) as antibacterial prophylaxis during chemotherapy-induced neutropenia...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040115/keratitis-after-post-kala-azar-dermal-leishmaniasis
#17
Aditya Pradhan, Samar Basak, Tuhin Chowdhury, Ayan Mohanta, Ananya Chatterjee
PURPOSE: To report 2 cases of keratitis occurring after post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in immunocompetent patients. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: Two male patients presented with a dense stromal infiltrate in the temporal and superior aspects of the cornea, respectively. Microbiological workup in both patients did not show any offending organism. Both patients were undergoing treatment for PKDL in the form of oral miltefosine...
October 13, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038632/evaluation-of-post-surgical-bacteremia-with-use-of-povidone-iodine-and-chlorhexidine-during-mandibular-third-molar-surgery
#18
Anil Managutti, Sunita A Managutti, Jigar Patel, Nagaraj Y Puthanakar
BACKGROUND: Microorganisms may invade the blood stream by oral routes through surgical procedures like extractions, fractured teeth and periodontal pockets. The incidence of bacteremia is 70-80 % following tooth extraction, sub gingival scaling and intra ligament injection. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Aim of study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of two topical antimicrobial agents for the prevention of post-surgical bacteremia during mandibular third molar surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037910/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-for-infectious-stomatitis-in-snakes-clinical-views-and-microbiological-findings
#19
Kathleen Fernandes Grego, Marcelo Pires Nogueira de Carvalho, Marcos Paulo Vieira Cunha, Terezinha Knöbl, Fabio Celidonio Pogliani, José Luiz Catão-Dias, Sávio Stefanini Sant'Anna, Martha Simões Ribeiro, Fábio Parra Sellera
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (APDT) has been broadly investigated as an alternative to treat localized infections, without leading to the selection of resistant microorganisms. Infectious stomatitis is a multifactorial disease frequently reported in captive snakes characterized by infection of the oral mucosa and surrounding tissues. In this study, we investigated methylene blue (MB)-mediated APDT to treat infectious stomatitis in snakes and verified the resistance phenotype and genotype before and after APDT...
October 13, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033819/an-unusual-presentation-of-pyoderma-gangrenosum-leading-to-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome
#20
Ali Didan, Alan Donnelly, Hock Chua
This is a report of an atypical presentation of pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) in a 26-year-old male who had a negative septic screen. The patient had a life-threatening presentation requiring an intensive care unit (ICU) admission for vasopressor support. It was thought that the likely cause of circulatory collapse was an overwhelming cytokine reaction or systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) secondary to extensive PG lesions rather than septic shock. The patient presented with multiple large ulcers, the largest being 4 cm in diameter on the central chest...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
keyword
keyword
113497
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"