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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812667/acute-pancreatitis-complicating-dengue-hemorrhagic-fever
#1
Kalenahalli Jagadish Kumar, Anitha Chandrashekar, Chetak Kadabasal Basavaraja, Halasahalli Chowdegowda Krishna Kumar
Dengue infection can have spectrum of manifestations, often with an unpredictable clinical progression and outcome. There have been increasing reports of atypical manifestations. Abdominal pain or tenderness and persistent vomiting (warning signs) are present in the majority of cases with severe dengue prior to clinical deterioration. We report a 10-year-old child who presented with fever, persistent vomiting, and abdominal pain. A diagnosis of acute pancreatitis was made. This is a very infrequently reported complication of dengue hemorrhagic fever...
September 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780199/factors-associated-with-the-time-of-admission-among-notified-dengue-fever-cases-in-region-viii-philippines-from-2008-to-2014
#2
Jason Echavez Abello, Julita Gil Cuesta, Boyd Roderick Cerro, Debarati Guha-Sapir
In cases of Dengue fever, late hospital admission can lead to treatment delay and even death. In order to improve early disease notification and management, it is essential to investigate the factors affecting the time of admission of Dengue cases. This study determined the factors associated with the time of admission among notified Dengue cases. The study covered the period between 2008 and 2014 in Region VIII, Philippines. The factors assessed were age, sex, hospital sector, hospital level, disease severity based on the 1997 WHO Dengue classification, and period of admission (distinguishing between the 2010 Dengue epidemic and non-epidemic time)...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767924/mayaro-virus-in-child-with-acute-febrile-illness-haiti-2015
#3
John Lednicky, Valery Madsen Beau De Rochars, Maha Elbadry, Julia Loeb, Taina Telisma, Sonese Chavannes, Gina Anilis, Eleonora Cella, Massinno Ciccozzi, Bernard Okech, Marco Salemi, J Glenn Morris
Mayaro virus has been associated with small outbreaks in northern South America. We isolated this virus from a child with acute febrile illness in rural Haiti, confirming its role as a cause of mosquitoborne illness in the Caribbean region. The clinical presentation can mimic that of chikungunya, dengue, and Zika virus infections.
November 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733281/global-regional-and-national-life-expectancy-all-cause-mortality-and-cause-specific-mortality-for-249-causes-of-death-1980-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#4
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures. METHODS: We estimated all-cause mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using an improved analytical approach originally developed for GBD 2013 and GBD 2010...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568679/healthcare-use-for-communicable-diseases-among-migrant-workers-in-comparison-with-thai-workers
#5
Jutarat Rakprasit, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, Ayako Morita
This study examines healthcare use in 2011 for communicable diseases among migrant workers compared with Thai workers in Thailand. The relative risks (RRs) of 14 communicable diseases (803,817 cases between ages 18 and 59) were calculated using the National Epidemiological Surveillance System, a nationwide hospital database. Regarding the migrant workers, 71.0% were Burmese and 17.3% were Cambodians. Significantly high comparative RRs for migrant workers were found for tuberculosis (TB) (male, RR=1.41; female, RR=2...
August 29, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553703/state-of-the-art-monitoring-in-treatment-of-dengue-shock-syndrome-a-case-series
#6
Steven L Moulton, Jane Mulligan, Anon Srikiatkhachorn, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Greg Z Grudic, Sharone Green, Robert V Gibbons, Gary W Muniz, Carmen Hinojosa-Laborde, Alan L Rothman, Stephen J Thomas, Victor A Convertino
BACKGROUND: Early recognition and treatment of circulatory volume loss is essential in the clinical management of dengue viral infection. We hypothesized that a novel computational algorithm, originally developed for noninvasive monitoring of blood loss in combat casualties, could: (1) indicate the central volume status of children with dengue during the early stages of "shock"; and (2) track fluid resuscitation status. METHODS: Continuous noninvasive photoplethysmographic waveforms were collected over a 5-month period from three children of Thai ethnicity with clinical suspicion of dengue...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528203/case-report-weil-s-disease-with-multiple-organ-failure-in-a-child-living-in-dengue-endemic-area
#7
Dewi Lokida, Arif Budiman, Udjiani Edi Pawitro, M Hussein Gasem, Muhammad Karyana, Herman Kosasih, Sophia Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: There were few reports in the literature of Weil's disease with multiple organ failures, especially in children living in dengue endemic areas. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old child was admitted to Tangerang district hospital with a provisional diagnosis of dengue infection. On the third day of hospitalization, dengue diagnostic tests were negative. As fever still remained and was followed by jaundice, decreasing hemoglobin, increasing bilirubin with abnormal value of liver enzymes; other causes of disease were investigated...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249897/seroepidemiology-of-dengue-virus-infection-in-hiv-infected-children-in-comparison-to-healthy-children
#8
Usa Thisyakorn, Kanyalak Srettakraikul, Marisa Hemungkorn, Chule Thisyakorn
BACKGROUND: Dengue infection is the most common arboviral infection in the world while the HIV/AIDS epidemic remains a global concern. The pathogenesis of both diseases is rather on the contrary and it is generally observed that dengue diseases are uncommon in children with AIDS. OBJECTIVE: To study the seroprevalence of dengue virus infection in HIV-infected children compared to healthy children. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional seroprevalence of dengue virus was conducted at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand...
February 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243367/wolbachia-infections-in-natural-anopheles-populations-affect-egg-laying-and-negatively-correlate-with-plasmodium-development
#9
W Robert Shaw, Perrine Marcenac, Lauren M Childs, Caroline O Buckee, Francesco Baldini, Simon P Sawadogo, Roch K Dabiré, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Flaminia Catteruccia
The maternally inherited alpha-proteobacterium Wolbachia has been proposed as a tool to block transmission of devastating mosquito-borne infectious diseases like dengue and malaria. Here we study the reproductive manipulations induced by a recently identified Wolbachia strain that stably infects natural mosquito populations of a major malaria vector, Anopheles coluzzii, in Burkina Faso. We determine that these infections significantly accelerate egg laying but do not induce cytoplasmic incompatibility or sex-ratio distortion, two parasitic reproductive phenotypes that facilitate the spread of other Wolbachia strains within insect hosts...
2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175353/viral-outbreaks-and-communicable-health-hazards-due-to-devastating-floods-in-pakistan
#10
Umar Saeed, Zahra Zahid Piracha
Pakistan is a developing country that has a population of 190 million people and faces a huge burden of viral diseases. Every year during monsoon season heavy rain fall and lack of disaster management skills potentially increase the transmission of waterborne diseases, vector borne diseases and viral outbreaks. Due to severe flooding, thousands of people lose their lives and millions are displaced each year. In most of the cases the children who lose their family members are forced into illegal professions of begging, child labor and prostitution which make them prone to sexually transmitted infections...
May 12, 2016: World Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132726/chandipura-virus-infection-causing-encephalitis-in-a-tribal-population-of-odisha-in-eastern-india
#11
Bhagirathi Dwibedi, Jyotsnamayee Sabat, Rupenangshu K Hazra, Anu Kumar, Diwakar Singh Dinesh, Shantanu K Kar
BACKGROUND: The sudden death of 10 children in a tribal village of Kandhamal district, Odisha in eastern India led to this investigation. METHODS: We conducted a door-to-door survey to identify cases. Antibodies for Chandipura, Japanese encephalitis, dengue, chikungunya and West Nile viruses were tested by ELISA in probable cases. Chandipura virus RNA was tested from both human blood samples and sand flies by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. We conducted vector surveys in domestic and peridomestic areas, and collected sand flies...
July 2015: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052794/deciphering-emerging-zika-and-dengue-viral-epidemics-implications-for-global-maternal-child-health-burden
#12
REVIEW
Ernest Tambo, Pascal D Chuisseu, Jeanne Y Ngogang, Emad I M Khater
Since its discovery in 1947 in Uganda and control and eradication efforts have aimed at its vectors (Aedes mosquitoes) in Latin America in the 1950s, an absolute neglect of Zika programs and interventions has been documented in Aedes endemic and epidemic-prone countries. The current unprecedented Zika viral epidemics and rapid spread in the Western hemisphere pose a substantial global threat, with associated anxiety and consequences. The lack of safe and effective drugs and vaccines against Zika or dengue epidemics further buttresses the realization from the West Africa Ebola outbreak that most emerging disease-prone countries are still poorly prepared for an emergency response...
May 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050192/the-aetiologies-and-impact-of-fever-in-pregnant-inpatients-in-vientiane-laos
#13
Vilada Chansamouth, Syvilay Thammasack, Rattanaphone Phetsouvanh, Valy Keoluangkot, Catrin E Moore, Stuart D Blacksell, Josee Castonguay-Vanier, Audrey Dubot-Pérès, Jarasporn Tangkhabuanbutra, Narongchai Tongyoo, Phooksavanh Souphaphonh, Onanong Sengvilaipaseuth, Manivanh Vongsouvath, Koukeo Phommasone, Davanh Sengdethka, Amphayvanh Seurbsanith, Scott B Craig, Laura Hermann, Michel Strobel, Paul N Newton
INTRODUCTION: Laos has the highest maternal mortality ratio in mainland Southeast Asia and a high incidence of infectious diseases. Globally, malaria has been the pathogen most intensively investigated in relation to impact on pregnancy, but there has been relatively little research on the aetiology and impact of other diseases. We therefore aimed to determine the causes and impact of fever in pregnant women admitted to two central hospitals in Vientiane City, Lao PDR (Laos). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This hospital-based prospective study was conducted in Mahosot Hospital and the Mother and Child Hospital, Vientiane, between 2006 and 2010, with the aim to recruit 250 consenting pregnant women admitted with tympanic temperature ≥37...
April 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029927/zika-another-threat-on-the-epidemiological-map-of-the-world
#14
Krzysztof Korzeniewski, Dariusz Juszczak, Ewa Zwolińska
Zika fever is an acute infectious disease caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV) of the Flaviviridae family and Flavivirus genus. It is transmitted by day-time active Aedes mosquitoes, and potentially by sexual contacts, blood transfusion, and from mother to foetus (resulting in microcephaly in a child). ZIKV was first isolated from a macaque monkey in the Zika forest in Uganda in 1947. The first case of the Zika fever in a human was recorded in Nigeria in 1954. Until 2007 only 14 cases of the disease were confirmed worldwide...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022153/long-term-safety-and-immunogenicity-of-a-tetravalent-live-attenuated-dengue-vaccine-and-evaluation-of-a-booster-dose-administered-to-healthy-thai-children
#15
Veerachai Watanaveeradej, Sriluck Simasathien, Mammen P Mammen, Ananda Nisalak, Elodie Tournay, Phirangkul Kerdpanich, Rudiwilai Samakoses, Robert J Putnak, Robert V Gibbons, In-Kyu Yoon, Richard G Jarman, Rafael De La Barrera, Philippe Moris, Kenneth H Eckels, Stephen J Thomas, Bruce L Innis
We evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of two doses of a live-attenuated, tetravalent dengue virus vaccine (F17/Pre formulation) and a booster dose in a dengue endemic setting in two studies. Seven children (7- to 8-year-olds) were followed for 1 year after dose 2 and then given a booster dose (F17/Pre formulation), and followed for four more years (Child study). In the Infant study, 49 2-year-olds, vaccinated as infants, were followed for approximately 3.5 years after dose 2 and then given a booster dose (F17) and followed for one additional year...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019361/seroprevalence-of-asymptomatic-dengue-infection-in-children-in-lahore
#16
S N Mohsin, F Ghafoor, M Saleem, R Ghous, M Aasim
Dengue has become a global problem in past few decades, with half of the world's population at risk of infection. For some countries of Asia and Latin America, severe dengue is a major cause of serious illness and even death in children. Pakistan has been reported as a hyperendemic area for dengue infection. Our study aimed to find seroprevalence of past dengue infection in asymptomatic children of Lahore with no previous history of dengue infection. A total of 400 samples were collected from children aged 1-12 years in Lahore using random sampling...
August 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007959/symptomatic-dengue-in-children-in-10-asian-and-latin-american-countries
#17
Maïna L'Azou, Annick Moureau, Elsa Sarti, Joshua Nealon, Betzana Zambrano, T Anh Wartel, Luis Villar, Maria R Z Capeding, R Leon Ochiai
BACKGROUND: The control groups in two phase 3 trials of dengue vaccine efficacy included two large regional cohorts that were followed up for dengue infection. These cohorts provided a sample for epidemiologic analyses of symptomatic dengue in children across 10 countries in Southeast Asia and Latin America in which dengue is endemic. METHODS: We monitored acute febrile illness and virologically confirmed dengue (VCD) in 3424 healthy children, 2 to 16 years of age, in Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam) from June 2011 through December 2013 and in 6939 children, 9 to 18 years of age, in Latin America (Brazil, Colombia, Honduras, Mexico, and Puerto Rico) from June 2011 through April 2014...
March 24, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26930888/an-investigation-into-febrile-illnesses-of-unknown-aetiology-in-wipim-papua-new-guinea
#18
Grace Bande, Manuel W Hetzel, Jonah Iga, Celine Barnadas, Ivo Mueller, Peter M Siba, Paul F Horwood
In Papua New Guinea the aetiology of febrile illnesses remains poorly characterized, mostly due to poor diagnostic facilities and the inaccessibility of much of the rural areas of the country. We investigated the aetiological agents of febrile illnesses for 136 people presenting to Wipim Health Centre in Western Province, Papua New Guinea. Arboviral and rickettsial real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays, malaria blood smears and a malaria PCR test were used to identify pathogens associated with a history of fever...
March 2014: Papua and New Guinea Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909198/unusual-presentation-of-dengue-fever-a-child-with-acute-myocarditis
#19
Moaz Aslam, Numra A Aleem, Mohammad F Zahid, Arshalooz J Rahman
Dengue fever (DF) is an acute febrile illness that follows a self-limiting course. However, some patients suffer from complications, including myocarditis, due to the involvement of other organs. A child presented at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, in June 2013 with a high-grade fever, malaise and epigastric pain radiating to the chest. Positive DF antigen and immunoglobulin M assays confirmed the diagnosis of DF. Persistent bradycardia with low blood pressure led to further cardiac investigations which showed a decreased ejection fraction and raised serum cardiac enzymes, indicating myocardial damage...
February 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806206/kawasaki-disease-in-a-2-year-old-child-with-dengue-fever-author-s-reply
#20
LETTER
Sriram Krishnamurthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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