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Children hodgkin lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333125/association-between-slc19a1-gene-polymorphism-and-high-dose-methotrexate-toxicity-in-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-and-non-hodgkin-malignant-lymphoma-introducing-a-haplotype-based-approach
#1
Barbara Faganel Kotnik, Janez Jazbec, Petra Bohanec Grabar, Cristina Rodriguez-Antona, Vita Dolzan
Background: We investigated the clinical relevance of SLC 19A1 genetic variability for high dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) related toxicities in children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and non Hodgkin malignant lymphoma (NHML). Patients and methods: Eighty-eight children and adolescents with ALL/NHML were investigated for the influence of SLC 19A1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes on HD-MTX induced toxicities. Results: Patients with rs2838958 TT genotype had higher probability for mucositis development as compared to carriers of at least one rs2838958 C allele (OR 0...
December 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326803/treatment-of-early-stages-hodgkin-lymphoma-during-pregnancy
#2
Agustin Avilés, Maria-Jesus Nambo, Natividad Neri
Background: To assess maternal and fetal outcome of women and newborns who received chemotherapy during pregnancy to treat Hodgkin lymphoma (HL)in early stages (IA, IIA), we performed a retrospective analysis of a cohort of 44 pregnant women with HL and early stages, diagnosed and treated between 1988 to 2013, at a tertiary reference cancer center. Methods: We analyzed data on HL characteristics and treatment, with a particular attention to maternal and fetal complications; in children, we performed a longer follow-up to detect any anomaly in physical development, scholar performance, psychological, cardiac, neurological function, and intelligence tests...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317558/childhood-cancer-incidence-in-india-betweem-2012-and-2014-report-of-a-population-based-cancer-registry
#3
Suman Das, Dilip Kumar Paul, Kumar Anshu, Subhajit Bhakta
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of childhood cancer incidence in India between 2012-2014. METHODS: Secondary data analysis on age-adjusted rates of cancer incidence for children (0-14 years) were collected from the report of the National Cancer Registry Programme in the year 2016. RESULTS: Age-adjusted rates of childhood cancer incidence ranged from 18.5 per million in the state of Nagaland to 235.3 per million in Delhi for boys. The rates were 11...
December 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296710/epstein-barr-virus-dna-in-serum-as-an-early-prognostic-marker-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hodgkin-lymphoma
#4
Jennifer J G Welch, Cindy L Schwartz, Meghan Higman, Lu Chen, Allen Buxton, Jennifer A Kanakry, Samir B Kahwash, Robert E Hutchison, Debra L Friedman, Richard F Ambinder
Assay of cell-free DNA in blood offers an approach to assessment of tumor DNA. We sought to determine whether Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in cell-free blood is also a good surrogate for the presence of tumor DNA in children with Hodgkin lymphoma, as it is in adults, and whether it correlates with pediatric outcomes. Pediatric patients enrolled in a Children's Oncology Group trial (AHOD0031) were studied at baseline and at 8 days after the initiation of treatment. At baseline, EBV DNA in cell-free blood correlated with the presence of EBV in tumor, and EBV DNA 8 days after the initiation of therapy predicted inferior event-free survival...
April 25, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291396/pediatric-abdominal-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-diagnosis-through-surgical-and-non-surgical-procedures
#5
Arthur Almeida Aguiar, Luciana Cavalvanti Lima, Cláudia Corrêa de Araújo, Rodrigo Melo Gallindo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the success rate and the complications after procedures to diagnose abdominal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in children and adolescents. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted with a population consisting of children and adolescents with abdominal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosed between September 1994 and December 2012. The sample comprised of 100 patients who underwent 113 diagnostic procedures, including urgent surgery (n=21), elective surgery (n=36), and non-surgical diagnosis (n=56)...
December 29, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290192/demographics-and-outome-in-paediatric-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-single-centre-experience-at-the-children-hospital-lahore-pakistan
#6
Mahwish Faizan, Saadia Anwar, Safia Khan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient demographics and outcome analysis in paediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Hematology/Oncology Unit of The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from January 2012 till December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Demographics including age, gender, histopathology, stage and outcome data, in biopsy proven NHL patients were analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289943/pneumonia-diagnosis-in-childhood-and-incidence-of-leukaemia-lymphoma-and-brain-cancer-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#7
Kirstine Kobberøe Søgaard, Dóra Körmendiné Farkas, Henrik Toft Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: There is an ongoing debate on the possible association between infections in early childhood and subsequent cancer risk, but it remains unclear if a hospital admission for infection is associated with risk of childhood cancer diagnosis. We examined if a hospital-based diagnosis of pneumonia was a clinical marker of the three most common childhood cancers. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Denmark, hospital diagnoses, 1994-2013...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286611/descriptive-epidemiology-of-cancers-in-togo-from-2009-to-2016
#8
Tchin Darre, Tchilabalo M Kpatcha, Aklesso Bagny, Nidain Maneh, Faré Gnandi-Piou, Boyodi Tchangai, Sassil Daré, Solange Adani-Ifé, Atchi Walla, Koffi Amégbor, Gado Napo-Koura
Background: Cancer is a global public health problem. According to World Report on Cancer in 2000, developing countries are becoming increasingly affected. Methods: This retrospective and descriptive 8-year study of all histological confirmed cancers was conducted using data from the anatomical pathology laboratory registry of Togo’s only laboratory. The parameters were frequency, site and histological type as well as age and gender. Results: We found 1,738 cancers in patients aged from 4 months to 109 years (mean, 50...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286565/children-and-adolescents-with-marginal-zone-lymphoma-have-an-excellent-prognosis-with-limited-chemotherapy-or-a-watch-and-wait-strategy-after-complete-resection
#9
Leila Ronceray, Oussama Abla, Shlomit Barzilai-Birenboim, Simon Bomken, Alan Ks Chiang, Janez Jazbec, Edita Kabickova, Jelena Lazic, Auke Beishuizen, Karin Mellgren, Fumiko Tanaka, Marta Pillon, Christine Devalck, Marina Gouttenoire, Olga Makarova, Birgit Burkhardt, Andishe Attarbaschi
Data on management of pediatric marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) are scarce. This retrospective study assessed characteristics and outcome in 66 patients who were <18 years old. Forty-four (67%) had an extranodal MZL (EMZL), 21 (32%) a nodal MZL (NMZL), and one patient a splenic MZL. Thirty-three patients (50%) received a variable combination of adjuvant chemotherapy/immunotherapy/radiotherapy, while the remainder, including 20 of 21 with NMZL, entered an active observation period. Overall survival was excellent (98 ± 2%), although 11 patients relapsed (17%; NMZL, n = 1; EMZL, n = 10), seven after any therapy and four after complete resection only...
December 29, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238226/maternal-diabetes-and-incidence-of-childhood-cancer-a-nationwide-cohort-study-and-exploratory-genetic-analysis
#10
Anna Deleskog, Marcel den Hoed, Giorgio Tettamanti, Sofia Carlsson, Rickard Ljung, Maria Feychting, Hannah L Brooke
Background: The etiology of childhood cancer is not well understood, but may be linked to prenatal and perinatal factors, such as maternal diabetes. However, this association has not been examined in depth. We aimed to determine if maternal diabetes is associated with risk of childhood brain tumor (CBT), leukemia (all types combined and acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL] separately), and lymphoma. Methods: All children born in Sweden between 1973 and 2014 (n=4,239,965) were followed from birth until first cancer diagnosis, age 15 years, or December 31, 2015...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190182/checkpoint-inhibition-in-pediatric-hematologic-malignancies
#11
Kara L Davis, Archana M Agarwal, Anupam R Verma
Immune surveillance comprising of adaptive and innate immune systems is naturally designed to eliminate cancer development; overexpression of inhibitory receptors and their ligands prevent this check and lead to evasion and hence cancer progression and metastasis. The use of tumor-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) targeting these checkpoint regulators is promising and has led to this novel field of cancer immunotherapy. The first antibody directed against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), ipilimumab, showed promising results in clinical trials and was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of metastatic melanoma in 2011...
November 30, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190181/identifying-opportunities-to-bridge-disparity-gaps-in-curing-childhood-cancer-in-malawi-malignancies-with-excellent-curative-potential-account-for-the-majority-of-diagnoses
#12
Nader Kim El-Mallawany, Peter Wasswa, Idah Mtete, Mercy Mutai, Christopher C Stanley, Mary Mtunda, Mary Chasela, Atupele Mpasa, Stella Wachepa, William Kamiyango, Jimmy Villiera, Peter N Kazembe, Parth S Mehta
The majority of African children with cancer die without access to resources. We describe efforts to build a public treatment program with curative intent for childhood cancer in Lilongwe, Malawi despite severe limitations in diagnostic and therapeutic resources. We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of childhood cancer patients at Kamuzu Central Hospital from 12/2011-6/2013. Consistently available chemotherapeutic agents were limited to cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, bleomycin, methotrexate, and prednisone...
November 30, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183202/outcome-of-children-and-adolescents-with-relapsed-hodgkin-lymphoma-treated-with-high-dose-therapy-and-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-the-memorial-sloan-kettering-cancer-center-experience
#13
Lisa Giulino-Roth, Tara O'Donohue, Zhengming Chen, Tanya M Trippett, Elizabeth Klein, Nancy A Kernan, Rachel Kobos, Susan E Prockop, Andromachi Scaradavou, Neerav Shukla, Peter G Steinherz, Alison J Moskowitz, Craig H Moskowitz, Farid Boulad
To evaluate outcomes and prognostic markers among children with relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treated with autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT), we conducted a retrospective analysis of 36 consecutive pediatric patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center from 1989 to 2013. With a median follow-up of 9.6 years, the 10-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 74.1 and 67.1% respectively. Absence of B-symptoms, chemotherapy-sensitive disease, and transplant date after 1997 were each associated with superior EFS [HR 0...
November 29, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178401/childhood-cancer-incidence-and-survival-in-japan-and-england-a-population-based-study-1993-2010
#14
Kayo Nakata, Yuri Ito, Winnie Magadi, Audrey Bonaventure, Charles A Stiller, Kota Katanoda, Tomohiro Matsuda, Isao Miyashiro, Kathy Pritchard-Jones, Bernard Rachet
This study aimed to compare cancer incidence and trends in survival for children diagnosed in Japan and England, using population-based cancer registry data. The analysis was based on 5,192 children with cancer (age 0-14 years) from six prefectural cancer registries in Japan and 21,295 children diagnosed in England during 1993-2010. Differences in incidence rates between the two countries were measured with Poisson regression models. Overall survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Incidence rates for Hodgkin lymphoma, renal tumours, and Ewing sarcomas in England were more than twice as high as those in Japan...
November 24, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120974/plasma-7-hydroxymethotrexate-levels-versus-methotrexate-to-predict-delayed-elimination-in-children-receiving-high-dose-methotrexate
#15
Nicolas Fabresse, Bénédicte Devictor, Christel Pissier, Hervé Chambost, Bruno Lacarelle, Gérard Michel, Caroline Solas
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between 7-hydroxymethotrexate (7-OHMTX) and creatinine and to evaluate the predictive value of 7-OHMTX levels on delayed elimination at 24 and 48 hours. In addition, differences in methotrexate (MTX), 7-OHMTX levels, and MTX metabolism using the ratio MTX/7-OHMTX were determined according to age. METHODS: The authors included a total of 106 cycles, corresponding to 33 patients (mean age: 9.8 years, range: 2-18 years) suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and osteosarcoma and receiving high-dose MTX (HD-MTX)...
November 8, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094094/pediatric-hodgkin-lymphoma-treated-at-cancer-institute-chennai-india-long-term-outcome
#16
Venkatraman Radhakrishnan, Manikandan Dhanushkodi, Trivadi S Ganesan, Prasanth Ganesan, Shirley Sundersingh, Ganesarajah Selvaluxmy, Rajaraman Swaminathan, Ranganathan Rama, Tenali Gnana Sagar
Purpose: Pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a highly curable malignancy. Outcomes for pediatric HL may vary between developed and developing countries for multiple reasons. This study was conducted to ascertain the outcomes of children with HL at our center and to identify risk factors for recurrent disease. Methods: We analyzed the outcomes of 172 consecutive, previously untreated patients with pediatric HL presenting at our center from 2001 to 2010. Patients were treated with either adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine or adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone, and procarbazine chemotherapy initially, and radiation to bulky sites or a single site of residual disease when appropriate...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078819/cytokines-associated-with-burkitt-s-lymphoma-in-western-kenya
#17
Isaac Ndede, Simeon K Mining, Kirtika Patel, Fredrick M Wanjala, David Chumba, Constance Tenge
OBJECTIVE: Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is a common aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in East and Central Africa among children. Persistent infections with Epstein Barr virus or Plasmodium falciparum are associated with immune hyperstimulation. It is hypothesised that inadvertent cytokine responses to infections indirectly or directly influence B cell neoplastic transformation through c-myelocytomatosis (c-myc) gene translocation. We sought to describe cytokines in children and adolescents with BL...
October 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986643/risk-factors-and-reasons-for-treatment-abandonment-among-children-with-lymphoma-in-malawi
#18
Christopher C Stanley, Toon van der Gronde, Kate D Westmoreland, Ande Salima, Amy Amuquandoh, Salama Itimu, Agness Manda, Idah Mtete, Mercy Butia, Atupele Mpasa, Stella Wachepa, Paula Fox, Peter Wasswa, Peter Kazembe, Nader K El-Mallawany, Satish Gopal
PURPOSE: Lymphoma is the commonest pediatric cancer in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Frequent treatment abandonment contributes to suboptimal outcomes. We examined risk factors and reasons for treatment abandonment for this population in Malawi. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study among children < 18 years old with newly diagnosed lymphoma, prospectively enrolled during 2013-2016. All children received standardized diagnosis and treatment, and were followed for up to 2 years...
October 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983060/results-and-conclusions-of-the-european-intergroup-euro-lb02-trial-in-children-and-adolescents-with-lymphoblastic-lymphoma
#19
Eva Landmann, Birgit Burkhardt, Martin Zimmermann, Ulrike Meyer, Wilhelm Woessmann, Wolfram Klapper, Grazyna Wrobel, Angelo Rosolen, Marta Pillon, Gabriele Escherich, Andishe Attarbaschi, Auke Beishuizen, Karin Mellgren, Robert Wynn, Richard Ratei, Adriana Plesa, Martin Schrappe, Alfred Reiter, Christophe Bergeron, Catherine Patte, Yves Bertrand
In the European Intergroup EURO-LB02 trial, children and adolescents with lymphoblastic lymphoma underwent the non-Hodgkin lymphoma Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster protocol without prophylactic cranial radiotherapy. The primary aims of this trial were to test whether replacing prednisone with dexamethasone during induction increases event-free survival in the subgroups with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma and whether therapy duration could be reduced from 24 to 18 months (factorial design, randomizations). These questions could not be answered due to premature closure of the trial...
December 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978862/recent-progress-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-lymphoma-in-japan
#20
Tetsuo Mitsui
Both treatment and prognosis of pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have improved dramatically in the last 30 years. Currently, localized or limited-stage NHL (stage I to II) has an approximately 95%-100% 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate. Furthermore, the prognosis for children with advanced-stage disease (stage III to IV) has doubled from approximately 40% 5-year EFS 30 years ago to more than 80%. Hodgkin lymphoma is also known to have around 80% 10-year EFS rate. These were accomplished not only by the advancement of chemotherapy drugs but also with the global development of organizational frameworks for pediatric clinical study...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
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