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Sabina sandigursky

Michael Peled, Anna S Tocheva, Sabina Sandigursky, Shruti Nayak, Elliot A Philips, Kim E Nichols, Marianne Strazza, Inbar Azoulay-Alfaguter, Manor Askenazi, Benjamin G Neel, Adam J Pelzek, Beatrix Ueberheide, Adam Mor
Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) is an essential inhibitory receptor in T cells. Antibodies targeting PD-1 elicit durable clinical responses in patients with multiple tumor indications. Nevertheless, a significant proportion of patients do not respond to anti-PD-1 treatment, and a better understanding of the signaling pathways downstream of PD-1 could provide biomarkers for those whose tumors respond and new therapeutic approaches for those whose tumors do not. We used affinity purification mass spectrometry to uncover multiple proteins associated with PD-1...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Neha Shah, Sabina Sandigursky, Adam Mor
Psoriasis is a common autoimmune disorder that affects the skin. Approximately 30% of individuals with psoriasis will develop inflammatory arthritis, often in the setting of human leukocyte antigen B27. Both forms of disease are thought to be the result of prolonged inflammation mediated by T lymphocytes, dendritic cells, and keratinocytes. While there are treatments aimed at immunomodulation, targeting T cell co-inhibitory receptors signaling pathways may provide therapeutic benefit. This review will discuss in detail four T cell co-inhibitory receptors and their potential application for the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis...
May 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Sabina Sandigursky, Gregg J Silverman, Adam Mor
Since the introduction of TNF-α inhibitors and other biologic agents, the clinical outcome for many treated rheumatoid arthritis patients has significantly improved. However, there are still a substantial proportion of patients that are intolerant, or have inadequate responses, with current agents that have become the standards of care. While the majority of these agents are designed to affect the inflammatory features of the disease, there are also agents in the clinic that instead target lymphocyte subsets (e...
August 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
Gary P Wormser, Dustin Brisson, Dionysios Liveris, Klára Hanincová, Sabina Sandigursky, John Nowakowski, Robert B Nadelman, Sara Ludin, Ira Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease, the most common tickborne disease in the United States, is caused exclusively by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto in North America. The present study evaluated the genotypes of >400 clinical isolates of B. burgdorferi recovered from patients from suburban New York City with early Lyme disease associated with erythema migrans; it is the largest number of borrelial strains from North America ever to be investigated. METHODS: Genotyping was performed by restriction fragment-length polymorphism polymerase chain reaction analysis of the 16S-23S ribosomal RNA spacer and reverse line blot analysis of the outer surface protein C gene (ospC)...
November 1, 2008: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Dionysios Liveris, Vishwaroop Mulay, Sabina Sandigursky, Ira Schwartz
RecA is a key protein linking genetic recombination to DNA replication and repair in bacteria. Previous functional characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi RecA indicated that the protein is mainly involved in genetic recombination rather than DNA repair. Genetic recombination may play a role in B. burgdorferi persistence by generation of antigenic variation. We report here the isolation of a recA null mutant in an infectious B. burgdorferi strain. Comparison of the in vitro growth characteristics of the mutant with those of the wild-type strain under various conditions showed no significant differences...
September 2008: Infection and Immunity
Klára Hanincová, Dionysios Liveris, Sabina Sandigursky, Gary P Wormser, Ira Schwartz
Lyme borreliosis, the most commonly reported vector-borne disease in North America, is caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Given the extensive genetic polymorphism of B. burgdorferi, elucidation of the population genetic structure of the bacterium in clinical samples may be relevant for understanding disease pathogenesis and may have applicability for the development of diagnostic tests and vaccine preparations. In this investigation, the genetic polymorphism of the 16S-23S rRNA (rrs-rrlA) intergenic spacer and ospC was investigated at the sequence level in 127 clinical isolates obtained from patients with early Lyme borreliosis evaluated in suburban New York City...
August 2008: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Daniel E Dykhuizen, Dustin Brisson, Sabina Sandigursky, Gary P Wormser, John Nowakowski, Robert B Nadelman, Ira Schwartz
Lineages of Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacterium that causes Lyme disease, can be characterized by distinct alleles at the outer surface protein C (ospC) locus. The lineages marked by ospC genotypes have been shown to be differentially invasive in different species of mammals, including humans; genotypes A, B, I, and K effectively disseminate to human blood and cerebrospinal fluid. In this report, we extend the sample of genotypes isolated from human blood to include genotypes N, H, C, M, and D, and rank each by their probability of disseminating from ticks to the blood of humans...
May 2008: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Margarita Sandigursky, Sabina Sandigursky, Pushpalatha Sonati, Michael J Daly, William A Franklin
The extremely radiation resistant bacterium, Deinococcus radiodurans, contains a spectrum of genes that encode for multiple activities that repair DNA damage. We have cloned and expressed the product of three predicted uracil-DNA glycosylases to determine their biochemical function. DR0689 is a homologue of the Escherichia coli uracil-DNA glycosylase, the product of the ung gene; this activity is able to remove uracil from a U : G and U : A base pair in double-stranded DNA and uracil from single-stranded DNA and is inhibited by the Ugi peptide...
February 3, 2004: DNA Repair
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