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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921833/guideline-of-guidelines-asymptomatic-microscopic-haematuria
#1
REVIEW
Brian J Linder, Edward J Bass, Hugh Mostafid, Stephen A Boorjian
OBJECTIVE: To review major organizational guidelines on the evaluation and management of asymptomatic microscopic haematuria (AMH). METHODS: This is a review of the haematuria guidelines from 1.) American Urological Association (AUA), 2.) consensus statement from the Canadian Urological Association, Canadian Urologic Oncology Group, and Bladder Cancer Canada, 3.) American College of Physicians (ACP), 4.) Joint Consensus Statement of the Renal Association (RA) and British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS), and 5...
September 16, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917712/toward-classification-criteria-for-early-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee
#2
F P Luyten, S Bierma-Zeinstra, F Dell'Accio, V B Kraus, K Nakata, I Sekiya, N K Arden, L S Lohmander
OBJECTIVE: To propose draft classification criteria for early stage osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee for use in a primary care setting. METHODS: A group of basic scientists, physician-scientists, rheumatologists, orthopedic surgeons, and physiotherapists in a workshop setting discussed potential classification criteria for early osteoarthritis of the knee. The workshop was divided into sessions around relevant topics with short state of the art presentations followed by breakout sessions, consensus discussions, and consolidation into a consensus document...
August 9, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914209/knee-ligament-injury-and-the-clinical-application-of-tissue-engineering-techniques-a-systematic-review
#3
Thomas Riley, Reza Mafi, Pouya Mafi, Wasim Khan
Background The incidence of knee ligament injury is increasing and represents a significant cost to healthcare providers. Current interventions include tissue grafts, suture repair and non-surgical management. These techniques have demonstrated good patient outcomes but have been associated graft rejection, infection, long term immobilization and reduced joint function. The limitations of traditional management strategies have prompted research into tissue engineering of knee ligaments. Objective This paper aims to evaluate whether tissue engineering of knee ligaments offers a viable alternative in the clinical management of knee ligament injuries...
September 15, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913966/good-practices-for-real-world-data-studies-of-treatment-and-or-comparative-effectiveness-recommendations-from-the-joint-ispor-ispe-special-task-force-on-real-world-evidence-in-health-care-decision-making
#4
Marc L Berger, Harold Sox, Richard J Willke, Diana L Brixner, Hans-Georg Eichler, Wim Goettsch, David Madigan, Amr Makady, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Rosanna Tarricone, Shirley V Wang, John Watkins, C Daniel Mullins
PURPOSE: Real-world evidence (RWE) includes data from retrospective or prospective observational studies and observational registries and provides insights beyond those addressed by randomized controlled trials. RWE studies aim to improve health care decision making. METHODS: The International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) and the International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology (ISPE) created a task force to make recommendations regarding good procedural practices that would enhance decision makers' confidence in evidence derived from RWD studies...
September 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889105/inducible-laryngeal-obstruction-an-official-joint-european-respiratory-society-and-european-laryngological-society-statement
#5
Thomas Halvorsen, Emil Schwarz Walsted, Caterina Bucca, Andrew Bush, Giovanna Cantarella, Gerhard Friedrich, Felix J F Herth, James H Hull, Harald Jung, Robert Maat, Leif Nordang, Marc Remacle, Niels Rasmussen, Janet A Wilson, John-Helge Heimdal
Inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO) describes an inappropriate, transient, reversible narrowing of the larynx in response to external triggers. ILO is an important cause of a variety of respiratory symptoms and can mimic asthma. Current understanding of ILO has been hampered by imprecise nomenclature and variable approaches to assessment and management. A task force of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and European Laryngological Society (ELS) was thus set up to address this, and to identify research priorities...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888850/ultrasound-based-follow-up-does-not-increase-survival-in-early-stage-melanoma-patients-a-comparative-cohort-study
#6
S Ribero, S Podlipnik, S Osella-Abate, E Sportoletti-Baduel, E Manubens, A Barreiro, V Caliendo, M Chavez-Bourgeois, C Carrera, P Cassoni, J Malvehy, M T Fierro, S Puig
INTRODUCTION: Different protocols have been used to follow up melanoma patients in stage I-II. However, there is no consensus on the complementary tests that should be requested or the appropriate intervals between visits. Our aim is to compare an ultrasound-based follow-up with a clinical follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Analysis of two prospectively collected cohorts of melanoma patients in stage IB-IIA from two tertiary referral centres in Barcelona (clinical-based follow-up [C-FU]) and Turin (ultrasound-based follow-up [US-FU])...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885643/current-practice-of-bhs-members-in-the-treatment-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-in-adults
#7
Henry B Colaço, Jerome A Davidson, Dominic Davenport, Mark C Norris, Marcus J K Bankes, Zameer Shah
INTRODUCTION: The management of osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head remains controversial. It is unclear the extent to which non-arthroplasty procedures are used and there has been no previous report of the trends in operative management of ON in the UK. Our objective is to report current trends in management of ON of the femoral head amongst specialist hip surgeons in the UK. METHODS: A single-stage internet-based survey was e-mailed to 352 eligible members of the British Hip Society (BHS)...
September 5, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885590/ethnopharmacology-and-therapeutic-value-of-bridelia-micrantha-hochst-baill-in-tropical-africa-a-comprehensive-review
#8
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Bridelia micrantha is traditionally used in tropical Africa to treat a wide range of human and animal diseases. The aim of this study was to summarise the research that has been done on the ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of B. micrantha so as to understand its importance and potential value in primary healthcare systems. The literature search for information on ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological activities of B. micrantha was undertaken using databases such as Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, Science Direct, BioMed Central (BMC), PubMed and Springerlink...
September 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884273/validation-of-the-chinese-mandarin-version-of-the-oxford-knee-score-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
Kai Lin, Liangxiao Bao, Jian Wang, Kimie Fujita, Kiyoko Makimoto, Xiaoyan Liao
BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of patients with knee osteoarthritis undergoing TKAs in China, there is a clear need for a valid, short, joint-specific patient-reported outcome measure such as the Oxford Knee Score (OKS). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To test the translated and cross-culturally adapted Chinese (Mandarin) version of the Oxford Knee Score (OKS-CV) and its (1) reliability, (2) construct validity, (3) dimensionality, and (4) responsiveness. METHODS: Three native Chinese bilingual translators (a professional English translator, an experienced orthopaedic surgeon, an advanced-practice nursing specialist) translated the English-language OKS into Mandarin Chinese...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881872/hypertension-and-cardiac-arrhythmias-a-consensus-document-from-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-and-esc-council-on-hypertension-endorsed-by-the-heart-rhythm-society-hrs-asia-pacific-heart-rhythm-society-aphrs-and-sociedad-latinoamericana-de-estimulaci%C3%A3
#10
Gregory Y H Lip, Antonio Coca, Thomas Kahan, Giuseppe Boriani, Antonis S Manolis, Michael Hecht Olsen, Ali Oto, Tatjana S Potpara, Jan Steffel, Francisco Marín, Márcio Jansen de Oliveira Figueiredo, Giovanni de Simone, Wendy S Tzou, Chern-En Chiang, Bryan Williams, Gheorghe-Andrei Dan, Bulent Gorenek, Laurent Fauchier, Irina Savelieva, Robert Hatala, Isabelle van Gelder, Jana Brguljan-Hitij, Serap Erdine, Dragan Lovic, Young-Hoon Kim, Jorge Salinas-Arce, Michael Field
Hypertension is a common cardiovascular risk factor leading to heart failure (HF), coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease and chronic renal insufficiency. Hypertensive heart disease can manifest as many cardiac arrhythmias, most commonly being atrial fibrillation (AF). Both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias may occur in hypertensive patients, especially in those with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) or HF. Also, some of the antihypertensive drugs commonly used to reduce blood pressure, such as thiazide diuretics, may result in electrolyte abnormalities (e...
June 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876459/antibiotic-elution-from-acrylic-bone-cement-loaded-with-high-doses-of-tobramycin-and-vancomycin
#11
Joshua Slane, Bradley Gietman, Matthew Squire
Two-stage revision treatment of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) frequently employs the use of a temporary bone cement spacer loaded with multiple antibiotic types. Tobramycin and vancomycin are commonly used antibiotics in cement spacers, however, there is no consensus on the relative concentrations and combinations that should be used. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of dual antibiotic loading on the total antibiotic elution and compressive mechanical properties of acrylic bone cement...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875360/-recurrent-instability-and-instability-arthropathy
#12
REVIEW
L Lacheta, S Siebenlist, A B Imhoff, L Willinger
Capsulolabral reconstruction (Bankart repair) is recommended as the first line treatment in young and functionally demanding active patients with anteroinferior shoulder instability, due to the high tendency to recurrent dislocation. This has become established both for arthroscopic and open primary shoulder stabilization with good clinical outcome; nevertheless, recurrence of dislocation is reported in up to 25% of patients. Risk factors for failed surgery are patient (e.g. young age, male gender and contact sports) and surgery (e...
September 5, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871933/prognostic-predictors-of-thin-melanoma-in-clinico-pathological-practice
#13
Luca Roncati, Teresa Pusiol, Francesco Piscioli
The latest reviews on thin melanoma (TM) continue to consider it a melanoma within 1 mm in thickness, but no consensus exists as to which patients with TM are at risk for lymph node metastases (1). Numerous studies have evaluated the impact of various predictors (Breslow thickness, Clark level, ulceration, regression, vascular invasion, mitotic activity, location, sex) for nodal disease in melanoma, but the conclusions have not been homogenous (2,3). For this reason, we read the paper by Homolak et al. with great interest, where the authors examine the sentinel lymph node biopsies (SLNB) of 184 patients affected by melanoma of thickness less than 1...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871341/-initial-management-of-traumatic-ventral-shoulder-dislocation
#14
REVIEW
M Minkus, E Böhm, P Moroder, M Scheibel
BACKGROUND: In the current literature a consensus on the specific management of primary anterior traumatic shoulder instability has not been reached. While the steps of the initial diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are mostly well-defined, a variety of factors need to be considered for the planning of further treatment. OBJECTIVE: This article aims at giving an overview of the essential aspects of the initial management in the rescue center, clinical and radiological diagnostic procedures and the subsequent treatment options...
September 4, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870776/consensus-report-by-palisi-and-pbmtc-joint-working-committees-supportive-care-guidelines-for-management-of-vod-in-children-and-adolescents-part-3-focus-on-cardio-respiratory-dysfunction-infections-liver-dysfunction-and-delirium
#15
Nadia Ovchinsky, Warren Frazier, Jeffery J Auletta, Christopher C Dvorak, Monica Ardura, Enkyung Song, Jennifer McArthur, Asumthia Jeyapalan, Robert Tamburro, Kris M Mahadeo, Chani Traube, Christine N Duncan, Rajinder P S Bajwa
Some patients with veno-occlusive disease (VOD) have multi-organ dysfunction (MOD) and multiple teams are involved in their daily care in the pediatric intensive care units (PICU). Cardio-respiratory dysfunction is critical in these patients as it needs immediate action. Whether to use non-invasive or invasive ventilation strategy may be a difficult decision in the setting of mucositis or other comorbidities in patients with VOD. Similarly monitoring of their organ functions could be very challenging; they may have fulminant hepatic failure with or without hepatic encephalopathy complicated by delirium and/or infections...
September 1, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865584/bone-block-arthrodesis-procedure-in-failures-of-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-replacement
#16
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Jacopo Tamini, Camilla Maccario, Miriam Grassi, Eric W Tan
BACKGROUND: The treatment for the failure of a first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP1) prosthesis can be complex. There is no consensus regarding the ideal treatment. One of the main issues is the available bone stock after prosthesis removal. The aim of the study was to report the clinical and radiographic results for MTP1 arthrodesis with autologous calcaneus bone graft (bone-block fusion) as a revision procedure of a previous MTP1 implant failure. METHODS: This study included 12 patients diagnosed with failure of a MTP1 prosthesis...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854594/transparent-collaboration-between-industry-and-academia-can-serve-unmet-patient-need-and-contribute-to-reproductive-public-health
#17
Thomas D'Hooghe
The pharmaceutical and device industry has greatly contributed to diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in reproductive medicine in a very highly regulated environment, ensuring that development and manufacturing follow the highest standards. In spite of these achievements, collaboration between industry and physicians/academia is often presented in a negative context. However, today more than ever, partnership between industry and academia is needed to shorten the timeline between innovation and application, and to achieve faster access to better diagnostics, drugs and devices for the benefit of patients and society, based on complementary knowledge, skills and expertise...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837240/scientific-evidence-on-the-links-between-periodontal-diseases-and-diabetes-consensus-report-and-guidelines-of-the-joint-workshop-on-periodontal-diseases-and-diabetes-by-the-international-diabetes-federation-idf-and-the-european-federation-of-periodontology
#18
Mariano Sanz, Antonio Ceriello, Martin Buysschaert, Iain Chapple, Ryan T Demmer, Filippo Graziani, David Herrera, Søren Jepsen, Luca Lione, Phoebus Madianos, Manu Mathur, Eduard Montanya, Lior Shapira, Maurizio Tonetti, Daniel Vegh
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and periodontitis are chronic non-communicable diseases independently associated with mortality and have a bi-directional relationship. AIMS: To update the evidence for their epidemiological and mechanistic associations and re-examine the impact of effective periodontal therapy upon metabolic control (glycated hemoglobin, HbA1C). EPIDEMIOLOGY: There is strong evidence that people with periodontitis have elevated risk for dysglycemia and insulin resistance...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837224/a-framework-based-on-hidden-markov-trees-for-multimodal-pet-ct-image-co-segmentation
#19
Houda Hanzouli-Ben Salah, Jerome Lapuyade-Lahorgue, Julien Bert, Didier Benoit, Philippe Lambin, Angela Van Baardwijk, Emmanuel Monfrini, Wojciech Pieczynski, Dimitris Visvikis, Mathieu Hatt
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of a probabilistic quad-tree graph (Hidden Markov Tree, HMT) to provide fast computation, robustness and an interpretational framework for multimodality image processing and to evaluate this framework for single gross tumor target (GTV) delineation from both positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) images. METHODS: We exploited joint statistical dependencies between hidden states to handle the data stack using multi-observation, multi-resolution of HMT and Bayesian inference...
August 24, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832417/2016-scct-str-guidelines-for-coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-of-noncontrast-noncardiac-chest-ct-scans-a-report-of-the-society-of-cardiovascular-computed-tomography-and-society-of-thoracic-radiology
#20
Harvey S Hecht, Paul Cronin, Michael J Blaha, Matthew J Budoff, Ella A Kazerooni, Jagat Narula, David Yankelevitz, Suhny Abbara
The Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) and the Society of Thoracic Radiology (STR) have jointly produced this document. Experts in this subject have been selected from both organizations to examine subject-specific data and write this guideline in partnership. A formal literature review, weighing the strength of evidence has been performed. When available, information from studies on cost was considered. Computed tomography (CT) acquisition, CAC scoring methodologies and clinical outcomes are the primary basis for the recommendations in this guideline...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
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