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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099563/brazilian-guidelines-for-endovascular-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#1
Octávio Marques Pontes-Neto, Pedro Cougo, Sheila Cristina Ouriques Martins, Daniel G Abud, Raul G Nogueira, Maramélia Miranda, Luiz Henrique de Castro-Afonso, Leticia C Rebello, José Guilherme M Pereira Caldas, Rodrigo Bazan, Daniel C Bezerra, Marco Tulio Rezende, Gabriel R de Freitas, Alexandre Longo, Pedro Magalhães, João José Freitas de Carvalho, Francisco José Montalverne, Fabricio Oliveira Lima, Gustavo H V Andrade, Ayrton R Massaro, Jamary Oliveira-Filho, Rubens Gagliardi, Gisele Sampaio Silva
These guidelines are the result of a joint effort from writing groups of the Brazilian Stroke Society, the Scientific Department of Cerebrovascular Diseases of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology, the Brazilian Stroke Network and the Brazilian Society of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Neuroradiology. Members from these groups participated in web-based discussion forums with predefined themes, followed by videoconference meetings in which controversies and position statements were discussed, leading to a consensus...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092846/status-epilepticus-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-how-to-avoid-misdiagnosis-in-patients-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#2
Marika Rudler, Clémence Marois, Nicolas Weiss, Dominique Thabut, Vincent Navarro
PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) in patients with cirrhosis is a rare but serious situation. Diagnosis may be difficult in emergency presentation, especially when patients present with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Misdiagnosis must be avoided since some anti-epileptic drugs aggravate HE. In this retrospective study, we therefore assessed the frequency of SE in patients with cirrhosis, evaluated the accuracy of diagnosis and determined rates of mortality. METHOD: We reviewed data from all patients hospitalized from 2005 to 2013 in the Hepatology ICU for complications of cirrhosis with an initial diagnosis of SE...
December 27, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092586/consensus-problem-over-high-order-multiagent-systems-with-uncertain-nonlinearities-under-deterministic-and-stochastic-topologies
#3
Hamed Rezaee, Farzaneh Abdollahi
The leaderless consensus problem over a class of high-order nonlinear multiagent systems (MASs) is studied. A robust protocol is proposed which guarantees achieving consensus in the network in the presences of uncertainties in agents models. Achieving consensus in the case of stochastic links failure is studied as well. Based on the concept super-martingales, it is shown that if the probability of the network connectivity is not zero, under some conditions, achieving almost sure consensus in the network can be guaranteed...
December 6, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092579/cooperative-adaptive-output-regulation-for-second-order-nonlinear-multiagent-systems-with-jointly-connected-switching-networks
#4
Wei Liu, Jie Huang
This paper studies the cooperative global robust output regulation problem for a class of heterogeneous second-order nonlinear uncertain multiagent systems with jointly connected switching networks. The main contributions consist of the following three aspects. First, we generalize the result of the adaptive distributed observer from undirected jointly connected switching networks to directed jointly connected switching networks. Second, by performing a new coordinate and input transformation, we convert our problem into the cooperative global robust stabilization problem of a more complex augmented system via the distributed internal model principle...
January 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089984/achieving-consensus-on-total-joint-replacement-trial-outcome-reporting-using-the-omeract-filter-endorsement-of-the-final-core-domain-set-for-total-hip-and-total-knee-replacement-trials-for-endstage-arthritis
#5
Jasvinder A Singh, Michelle M Dowsey, Michael Dohm, Susan M Goodman, Amye L Leong, Marieke M J H Scholte Voshaar, Peter F Choong
OBJECTIVE: Discussion and endorsement of the OMERACT total joint replacement (TJR) core domain set for total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) for endstage arthritis; and next steps for selection of instruments. METHODS: The OMERACT TJR working group met at the 2016 meeting at Whistler, British Columbia, Canada. We summarized the previous systematic reviews, the preliminary OMERACT TJR core domain set and results from previous surveys. We discussed preliminary core domains for TJR clinical trials, made modifications, and identified challenges with domain measurement...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089967/clinical-orofacial-examination-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-international-consensus-based-recommendations-for-monitoring-patients-in-clinical-practice-and-research-studies
#6
Peter Stoustrup, Marinka Twilt, Lynn Spiegel, Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Bernd Koos, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Annelise Küseler, Randy Q Cron, Shelly Abramowicz, Carlalberta Verna, Timo Peltomäki, Per Alstergren, Ross Petty, Sarah Ringold, Sven Erik Nørholt, Rotraud K Saurenmann, Troels Herlin
OBJECTIVE: To develop international consensus-based recommendations for the orofacial examination of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), for use in clinical practice and research. METHODS: Using a sequential phased approach, a multidisciplinary task force developed and evaluated a set of recommendations for the orofacial examination of patients with JIA. Phase 1: A Delphi survey was conducted among 40 expert physicians and dentists with the aim of identifying and ranking the importance of items for inclusion...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081229/statistical-parametric-mapping-to-identify-differences-between-consensus-based-joint-patterns-during-gait-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Angela Nieuwenhuys, Eirini Papageorgiou, Kaat Desloovere, Guy Molenaers, Tinne De Laet
Experts recently identified 49 joint motion patterns in children with cerebral palsy during a Delphi consensus study. Pattern definitions were therefore the result of subjective expert opinion. The present study aims to provide objective, quantitative data supporting the identification of these consensus-based patterns. To do so, statistical parametric mapping was used to compare the mean kinematic waveforms of 154 trials of typically developing children (n = 56) to the mean kinematic waveforms of 1719 trials of children with cerebral palsy (n = 356), which were classified following the classification rules of the Delphi study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066733/viscosupplementation-with-intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-for-hip-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Eleonora Piccirilli, Francesco Oliva, Mihaela Aconstantinesei Murè, Asmaa Mahmoud, Calogero Foti, Umberto Tarantino, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Hip joint diseases are common in adult population and their prevalence increases with age. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and femoroacetabular impingement are the most common chronic diseases in the hip joint. Viscosupplementation with exogenous hyaluronic acid (HA) is one of the most widely used conservative treatment aiming to improve synovial fluid properties and to decrease pain. There is no global consensus on the type of HA, method of injection and frequency, or on its efficacy in hip joint...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059056/eaono-jos-joint-consensus-statements-on-the-definitions-classification-and-staging-of-middle-ear-cholesteatoma
#9
REVIEW
Matthew Yung, Tetsuya Tono, Ewa Olszewska, Yutaka Yamamoto, Holger Sudhoff, Masafumi Sakagami, Jef Mulder, Hiromi Kojima, Armağan İncesulu, Franco Trabalzini, Nuri Özgirgin
The European Academy of Otology and Neurotology (EAONO) has previously published a consensus document on the definitions and classification of cholesteatoma. It was based on the Delphi consensus methodology involving the broad EAONO membership. At the same time, the Japanese Otological Society (JOS) had been working independently on the "Classification and Staging of Cholesteatoma." EAONO and JOS then decided to collaborate and produce a joint consensus document. The EAONO/JOS joint consensus on "Definitions, Classification and Staging of Middle Ear Cholesteatoma" was formally presented at the 10th International Conference on Cholesteatoma and Ear Surgery in Edinburgh, June 5-8, 2016...
6, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056332/-aspirin-use-in-patients-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-the-2016-chinese-expert-consensus-statement
#10
(no author information available yet)
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is the leading cause of death and has the largest disease burden in China. Aspirin is the most promising agent for the prevention of ASCVD in such a large population for its easy availability and relative effectiveness, although its use in primary prevention is still a subject of debate. The joint task force has reviewed the current evidence of aspirin use in healthy population and in patients with stable coronary artery disease, acute coronary syndrome, transient ischemic attack, stroke and peripheral artery disease...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052259/conformational-freedom-of-the-lrp6-ectodomain-is-regulated-by-n-glycosylation-and-the-binding-of-the-wnt-antagonist-dkk1
#11
Kyoko Matoba, Emiko Mihara, Keiko Tamura-Kawakami, Naoyuki Miyazaki, Shintaro Maeda, Hidenori Hirai, Samuel Thompson, Kenji Iwasaki, Junichi Takagi
LDL-receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6) is a single-pass membrane glycoprotein with a large modular ectodomain and forms a higher order signaling platform upon binding Wnt ligands on the cell surface. Although multiple crystal structures are available for fragments of the LRP6 ectodomain, we lack a consensus view on the overall molecular architecture of the full-length LRP6 and its dynamic aspects. Here, we used negative-stain electron microscopy to probe conformational states of the entire ectodomain of LRP6 in solution and found that the four-module ectodomain undergoes a large bending motion hinged at the junction between the second and the third modules...
January 3, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049168/2017-ers-ats-standards-for-single-breath-carbon-monoxide-uptake-in-the-lung
#12
Brian L Graham, Vito Brusasco, Felip Burgos, Brendan G Cooper, Robert Jensen, Adrian Kendrick, Neil R MacIntyre, Bruce R Thompson, Jack Wanger
This document provides an update to the European Respiratory Society (ERS)/American Thoracic Society (ATS) technical standards for single-breath carbon monoxide uptake in the lung that was last updated in 2005. Although both DLCO (diffusing capacity) and TLCO (transfer factor) are valid terms to describe the uptake of carbon monoxide in the lung, the term DLCO is used in this document. A joint taskforce appointed by the ERS and ATS reviewed the recent literature on the measurement of DLCO and surveyed the current technical capabilities of instrumentation being manufactured around the world...
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046049/health-care-needs-and-support-for-patients-undergoing-treatment-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-following-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#13
Setor K Kunutsor, Andrew D Beswick, Tim J Peters, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Michael R Whitehouse, Ashley W Blom, Andrew J Moore
BACKGROUND: Hip and knee arthroplasty are common interventions for the treatment of joint conditions, most notably osteoarthritis. Although many patients benefit from surgery, approximately 1% of patients develop infection afterwards known as deep prosthetic joint infection (PJI), which often requires further major surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess support needs of patients undergoing treatment for PJI following hip or knee arthroplasty and to identify and evaluate what interventions are routinely offered to support such patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045646/initial-experience-of-using-dual-energy-ct-with-an-iodine-overlay-image-for-hand-psoriatic-arthritis-comparison-study-with-contrast-enhanced-mr-imaging
#14
Takeshi Fukuda, Yoshinori Umezawa, Shinjiro Tojo, Takenori Yonenaga, Akihiko Asahina, Hidemi Nakagawa, Kunihiko Fukuda
Purpose To determine the feasibility of dual-energy (DE) computed tomography (CT) with an iodine overlay image (IOI) for evaluation of psoriatic arthritis in the hand. Materials and Methods Approval from the institutional ethics committee and written informed consent from all patients were obtained. This prospective study included 16 patients who had psoriasis with finger joint symptoms from January 2015 to January 2016. Contrast material-enhanced (CE) DE CT and 1.5-T CE magnetic resonance (MR) imaging were performed within 1 month of each other...
December 29, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039006/pilot-study-to-show-the-feasibility-of-high-resolution-sagittal-ultrasound-imaging-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#15
Richard W Katzberg, William F Conway, Susan J Ackerman, Theresa S Gonzales, Valeriy Kheyfits, Michael S Cronan
PURPOSE: To show the feasibility of acquiring high-resolution sagittal ultrasound (US) images of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used commercially available US probes to assess the TMJ via a transoral soft tissue window to acquire sagittal images. Magnetic resonance imaging and clinical correlation were compared with the US findings by the consensus assessment of 2 of the senior investigators. RESULTS: The sample was composed of 10 TMJs (6 participants) with an age range of 34 to 71 years and a male-female ratio of 3:1...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035438/should-axial-spondyloarthritis-without-radiographic-changes-be-treated-with-anti-tnf-agents
#16
REVIEW
Andrew Keat, Alexander N Bennett, Karl Gaffney, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Raj Sengupta, Tamara Everiss
A spectrum of disease extends beyond the rigid confines of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) encompasses non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA) in individuals without established radiographic changes but with other clinical/imaging axSpA features and AS in those with definite sacroiliac joint changes on pelvic X-rays. A broad consensus about the management of nr-axSpA is emerging among clinicians, but the evidence base remains open to question. To explore whether nr-axSpA and AS should be treated similarly, we examined the literature on their prevalence, natural history, disease burden, and treatment...
December 29, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027164/meeting-the-needs-for-radiation-protection-diagnostic-imaging
#17
Donald P Frush
Radiation and potential risk during medical imaging is one of the foremost issues for the imaging community. Because of this, there are growing demands for accountability, including appropriate use of ionizing radiation in diagnostic and image-guided procedures. Factors contributing to this include increasing use of medical imaging; increased scrutiny (from awareness to alarm) by patients/caregivers and the public over radiation risk; and mounting calls for accountability from regulatory, accrediting, healthcare coverage (e...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027149/thirteenth-annual-warren-k-sinclair-keynote-address-where-are-the-radiation-professionals-warp
#18
Richard E Toohey
In July 2013, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements convened a workshop for representatives from government, professional organizations, academia, and the private sector to discuss a potential shortage of radiation protection professionals in the not-too-distant future. This shortage manifests itself in declining membership of professional societies, decreasing enrollment in university programs in the radiological sciences, and perhaps most importantly, the imminent retirement of the largest birth cohort in American history, the so-called "baby boomer" generation...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025929/hemophilia-management-via-data-collection-and-reporting-initial-findings-from-the-comprehensive-care-sustainability-collaborative
#19
Michael D Tarantino, Vanita K Pindolia
BACKGROUND: Despite being a rare disorder, hemophilia represents a significant driver of health care resource utilization and requires expert hematologic and multidisciplinary services to achieve optimal outcomes. Since their inception nearly 40 years ago, hemophilia treatment centers (HTCs) have served as centers of excellence in providing the intensive care and ancillary services necessary for this unique patient base; however, the full capabilities of these centers may be underused in the current framework of managed care, largely because of a lack of communication and information shared between payers and HTC stakeholders...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025546/the-use-and-interpretation-of-sodium-concentrations-in-casual-spot-urine-collections-for-population-surveillance-and-partitioning-of-dietary-iodine-intake-sources
#20
REVIEW
Joel Conkle, Frits van der Haar
In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) called for joint surveillance of population salt and iodine intakes using urinary analysis. 24-h urine collection is considered the gold standard for salt intake assessment, but there is an emerging consensus that casual urine sampling can provide comparable information for population-level surveillance. Our review covers the use of the urinary sodium concentration (UNaC) and the urinary iodine concentration (UIC) from casual urine samples to estimate salt intakes and to partition the sources of iodine intakes...
December 23, 2016: Nutrients
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