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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349973/-progress-on-surgical-treatment-for-femoral-head-preservering-in-the-precollapse-stage-of-femoral-head-necrosis
#1
REVIEW
Yi-Heng Ye, Kai Chen, Ke-Ke Jin, Yi-Fan Zhang, Lei Chen
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head(ONFH), a refractory disease characterized by death of the osteocytes and the bone marrow due to inadequate blood supply caused by various mechanisms, usually leads to the collapse of the femoral head and malfunction of the hip joint. The crux is to diagnose ONFH early in the precollapse stage and prevent subsequent progression of collapsing through early interventions, thus delaying or avoiding the replacement of the hip joint. A number of joint salvaging operation treatments for early stage ONFH are available...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336054/the-eaaci-ga%C3%A2-len-edf-wao-guideline-for-the-definition-classification-diagnosis-and-management-of-urticaria-the-2017-revision-and-update
#2
T Zuberbier, W Aberer, R Asero, A H Abdul Latiff, D Baker, B Ballmer-Weber, J A Bernstein, C Bindslev-Jensen, Z Brzoza, R Buense Bedrikow, G W Canonica, M K Church, T Craig, I V Danilycheva, C Dressler, L F Ensina, A Giménez-Arnau, K Godse, M Gonçalo, C Grattan, J Hebert, M Hide, A Kaplan, A Kapp, C H Katelaris, E Kocatürk, K Kulthanan, D Larenas-Linnemann, T A Leslie, M Magerl, P Mathelier-Fusade, R Y Meshkova, M Metz, A Nast, E Nettis, H Oude-Elberink, S Rosumeck, S S Saini, M Sánchez-Borges, P Schmid-Grendelmeier, P Staubach, G Sussman, E Toubi, G A Vena, C Vestergaard, B Wedi, R N Werner, Z Zhao, M Maurer
This evidence and consensus-based guideline was developed following the methods recommended by Cochrane and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group. The conference was held on December 1st, 2016. It is a joint initiative of the Dermatology Section of the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI), the EU-founded network of excellence, the Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA²LEN), the European Dermatology Forum (EDF), and the World Allergy Organization (WAO) with the participation of 48 delegates of 42 national and international societies...
January 15, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335760/-current-aspects-and-new-techniques-in-dislocation-of-the-shoulder-joint
#3
REVIEW
J Abel, M A Zumstein, L Bolliger, M O Schär
With 12% of all injuries concerning the shoulder, acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations are a common injury especially in young and active patients. The Rockwood classification is widely accepted, which differentiates between six types depending on the degree of injury and the vertical dislocation. Because the classification does not adequately address the horizontal instability, its benefits are questionable and there is currently no consensus. For this reason, the classification and the therapy of these injuries are increasingly becoming the subject of scientific investigations...
January 15, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331946/management-of-patients-on-antithrombotic-agents-undergoing-emergency-and-elective-endoscopy-joint-asian-pacific-association-of-gastroenterology-apage-and-asian-pacific-society-for-digestive-endoscopy-apsde-practice-guidelines
#4
Francis K L Chan, Khean-Lee Goh, Nageshwar Reddy, Kazuma Fujimoto, Khek Yu Ho, Seiji Hokimoto, Young-Hoon Jeong, Takanari Kitazono, Hong Sik Lee, Varocha Mahachai, Kelvin K F Tsoi, Ming-Shiang Wu, Bryan P Yan, Kentaro Sugano
This Guideline is a joint official statement of the Asian Pacific Association of Gastroenterology (APAGE) and the Asian Pacific Society for Digestive Endoscopy (APSDE). It was developed in response to the increasing use of antithrombotic agents (antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants) in patients undergoing gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy in Asia. After reviewing current practice guidelines in Europe and the USA, the joint committee identified unmet needs, noticed inconsistencies, raised doubts about certain recommendations and recognised significant discrepancies in clinical practice between different regions...
January 13, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327606/the-effects-of-joint-mobilization-on-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-systematic-review
#5
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, David A Scalzitti, Geoff Palmer, Alex Immerman, Carol A Courtney
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and synthesize the effects of joint mobilization on individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases (CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus) were used. REVIEW METHODS: Each database was searched from inception to 1 November 2017. Randomized controlled trials investigating a manual therapy intervention, with or without co-interventions, for persons with patellofemoral pain were included...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325724/rheumatoid-arthritis-disease-modifying-agents-and-periprosthetic-joint-infection-what-does-a-joint-surgeon-need-to-know
#6
REVIEW
Mehrnoush H Yeganeh, Michael M Kheir, Alisina Shahi, Javad Parvizi
The incidence of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is 1.6× greater than in patients undergoing the same procedure for osteoarthritis. This higher risk "may" be due to the immunosuppressive therapies for RA patients including corticosteroids, such as prednisone, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), such as methotrexate. There is a debate about the role of DMARDs in increasing the incidence of subsequent PJI. Studies show conflicting results, with some demonstrating no significant increase in the rates of PJI and some finding otherwise...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325693/updates-in-the-eighth-edition-of-the-tumor-node-metastasis-staging-classification-for-urologic-cancers
#7
REVIEW
Gladell P Paner, Walter M Stadler, Donna E Hansel, Rodolfo Montironi, Daniel W Lin, Mahul B Amin
The Tumor-Node-Metastasis (TNM) classification on cancer staging, jointly developed by the American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC) and the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), has been updated to its 8th edition with two contemporaneous versions published by the AJCC and UICC. While the goal of the AJCC and UICC is to have identical TNM staging systems, differences exist between these two publications including in the staging of urologic cancers. Among several new facets in the AJCC staging manual, a select few of greater import include an expanded section on imaging, presentation of levels of evidence for significant changes, and endorsement of risk assessment models that pass the AJCC quality criteria such as in prostate cancer...
January 8, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325533/a-systematic-review-of-comparisons-between-protocols-or-registrations-and-full-reports-in-primary-biomedical-research
#8
Guowei Li, Luciana P F Abbade, Ikunna Nwosu, Yanling Jin, Alvin Leenus, Muhammad Maaz, Mei Wang, Meha Bhatt, Laura Zielinski, Nitika Sanger, Bianca Bantoto, Candice Luo, Ieta Shams, Hamnah Shahid, Yaping Chang, Guangwen Sun, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Zainab Samaan, Mitchell A H Levine, Jonathan D Adachi, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: Prospective study protocols and registrations can play a significant role in reducing incomplete or selective reporting of primary biomedical research, because they are pre-specified blueprints which are available for the evaluation of, and comparison with, full reports. However, inconsistencies between protocols or registrations and full reports have been frequently documented. In this systematic review, which forms part of our series on the state of reporting of primary biomedical, we aimed to survey the existing evidence of inconsistencies between protocols or registrations (i...
January 11, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324463/fractures-related-to-tenofovir-a-case-noncase-study-in-the-european-pharmacovigilance-database
#9
Montserrat G García, Unai Larrinaga-Torrontegui, Eduardo Eduardo Martinez, Unax Lertxundi, Itziar Palacios-Zabalza, Carmelo Aguirre
BACKGROUND: There is no clear consensus on the relationship between tenofovir (TDF) and fracture risk because the studies published so far present contradictory findings. STUDY QUESTION: Our objective was to detect, from the European pharmacovigilance database (EudraVigilance), a signal of fracture risk during TDF exposure in patients infected with HIV. METHODS: Herein, we analyze all the cases of fractures suspected to be related to TDF recorded in EudraVigilance between 2001 and November 10, 2016...
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319604/the-european-society-of-regional-anaesthesia-and-pain-therapy-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-recommendations-on-local-anesthetics-and-adjuvants-dosage-in-pediatric-regional-anesthesia
#10
Santhanam Suresh, Claude Ecoffey, Adrian Bosenberg, Per-Anne Lonnqvist, Gildasio S de Oliveira, Oscar de Leon Casasola, José de Andrés, Giorgio Ivani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dosage of local anesthetics (LAs) used for regional anesthesia in children is not well determined. In order to evaluate and come to a consensus regarding some of these controversial topics, The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy (ESRA) and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) developed a Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Local Anesthetics and Adjuvants Dosage in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia. METHODS: Representatives from both ASRA and ESRA composed the joint committee practice advisory...
January 9, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319414/consensus-recommendations-for-evaluation-interpretation-and-utilization-of-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-enterography-in-patients-with-small-bowel-crohn-s-disease
#11
David H Bruining, Ellen M Zimmermann, Edward V Loftus, William J Sandborn, Cary G Sauer, Scott A Strong
Computed tomography and magnetic resonance enterography have become routine small bowel imaging tests to evaluate patients with established or suspected Crohn's disease, but the interpretation and use of these imaging modalities can vary widely. A shared understanding of imaging findings, nomenclature, and utilization will improve the utility of these imaging techniques to guide treatment options, as well as assess for treatment response and complications. Representatives from the Society of Abdominal Radiology Crohn's Disease-Focused Panel, the Society of Pediatric Radiology, the American Gastroenterological Association, and other experts, systematically evaluated evidence for imaging findings associated with small bowel Crohn's disease enteric inflammation and established recommendations for the evaluation, interpretation, and use of computed tomography and magnetic resonance enterography in small bowel Crohn's disease...
January 10, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316602/no-evidence-of-increased-infection-risk-with-forced-air-warming-devices-a-systematic-review
#12
Heather S Haeberle, Sergio M Navarro, Linsen T Samuel, Anton Khlopas, Assem A Sultan, Nipun Sodhi, Morad Chughtai, Michael A Mont, Prem N Ramkumar
INTRODUCTION: Forced-air warming devices have been reported to present a potential risk for surgical site infections (SSIs) and periprosthetic joint infections. Due to a lack of consensus, we reviewed the infection risk of forced-air warming devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed, evaluating overall infection risk and bacterial load. A total of eight studies reporting outcomes from 1,965 subjects were included. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: There is no current evidence in the orthopaedic literature that forced-air warming devices translate to increased SSIs...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316597/radiographic-classification-systems-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-knee-a-review-of-literature
#13
Assem A Sultan, William A Cantrell, Morad Chughtai, Prem N Ramkumar, Anton Khlopas, Jared M Newman, Nipun Sodhi, Suela Lamaj, Timothy C Wagner, Linsen T Samuel, Michael A Mont
Knee osteonecrosis is a rare, yet debilitating disease that can lead to knee joint destruction and can be associated with significant pain and disability. Various imaging modalities have different roles in the diagnosis, staging, management, and determination of the prognosis in knee osteonecrosis. Plain radiographic images can show gross joint destruction and secondary arthritic changes. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the gold-standard imaging modality to diagnose osteonecrosis. Multiple classification systems have been developed for knee osteonecrosis based on these imaging modalities...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310922/are-all-periprosthetic-joint-infections-the-same-evaluating-major-vs-minor-criteria
#14
Mitchell R Klement, Ahmed Siddiqi, Justin M Rock, Thorsten M Seyler, Javad Parvizi, Antonia F Chen
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) can be made when 1 major criterion or 3 of 5 minor criteria are present. However, the outcomes of patients with a major vs minor criteria for diagnosis have not been studied. The objective of this study was to evaluate if a difference in outcome of surgical intervention existed between patients with PJI who were diagnosed with a major criterion or a combination of minor criteria. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified 277 primary total hip or knee arthroplasty patients who had developed PJI based on the International Consensus Meeting definition...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306574/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-postoperative-urinary-retention-and-bladder-catheterization-in-patients-undergoing-fast-track-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-prospective-observational-study-on-371-patients
#15
Ruben Scholten, Keetie Kremers, Sebastiaan A W van de Groes, Diederik M Somford, Sander Koëter
BACKGROUND: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) appears to be a common complication in lower limb joint arthroplasty; however, reports on its incidence vary. There is no general consensus on its definition and there is no scientific evidence on treatment principles. We performed a prospective observational study to establish the incidence of POUR and its risk factors, including the preoperative postvoid residual urine volume and the perioperative fluid balance, in fast-track total joint arthroplasty (TJA)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301783/2017-eular-recommendations-for-a-core-data-set-to-support-observational-research-and-clinical-care-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Helga Radner, Katerina Chatzidionysiou, Elena Nikiphorou, Laure Gossec, Kimme L Hyrich, Condruta Zabalan, Yvonne van Eijk-Hustings, Paula R Williamson, Andra Balanescu, Gerd R Burmester, Loreto Carmona, Maxime Dougados, Axel Finckh, Glenn Haugeberg, Merete Lund Hetland, Susan Oliver, Duncan Porter, Karim Raza, Patrick Ryan, Maria Jose Santos, Annette van der Helm-van Mil, Piet van Riel, Gabrielle von Krause, Jakub Zavada, William G Dixon, Johan Askling
Personalised medicine, new discoveries and studies on rare exposures or outcomes require large samples that are increasingly difficult for any single investigator to obtain. Collaborative work is limited by heterogeneities, both what is being collected and how it is defined. To develop a core set for data collection in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) research which (1) allows harmonisation of data collection in future observational studies, (2) acts as a common data model against which existing databases can be mapped and (3) serves as a template for standardised data collection in routine clinical practice to support generation of research-quality data...
January 4, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299902/role-of-penile-prosthesis-in-priapism-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Amit G Reddy, Laith M Alzweri, Andrew T Gabrielson, Gabriel Leinwand, Wayne J G Hellstrom
Ischemic priapism is a urological emergency that has been associated with long-standing and irreversible adverse effects on erectile function. Studies have demonstrated a linear relationship between the duration of critically ischemic episodes and the subsequent development of corporal fibrosis and irreversible erectile function loss. Placement of a penile prosthesis is a well-established therapeutic option for the management of erectile dysfunction secondary to ischemic priapism, and will be the focus of this review...
January 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298777/prevalence-of-keratoconus-in-paediatric-patients-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#18
Emilio Almeida Torres Netto, Wafa Majed Al-Otaibi, Nikki L Hafezi, Sabine Kling, Haya M Al-Farhan, J Bradley Randleman, Farhad Hafezi
BACKGROUND/AIM: Keratoconus (KC) is a ectatic corneal disorder with marked progression during childhood and puberty that may lead to severe visual loss. In addition to KC prevalence, estimate shows major geographical variations; recent studies using Scheimpflug technology are in contrast to the 1980s and 1990s literature. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of KC in paediatric patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional, observational, multicentre study collected data from paediatric patients from 6 years and 21 years of age who were seen at multiple non-ophthalmic emergency departments within KSA...
January 3, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291413/impact-of-recommended-changes-in-labor-management-for-prevention-of-the-primary-cesarean-delivery
#19
Claire Thuillier, Sophie Roy, Violaine Peyronet, Thibaud Quibel, Aurélie Nlandu, Patrick Rozenberg
BACKGROUND: The dramatic rise in cesarean delivery (CD) rates worldwide in recent decades, without evidence of a concomitant decrease in cerebral palsy rates, has raised concerns about its potential negative consequences for maternal and infant health. In 2014, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine jointly published an Obstetric Care Consensus for safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess whether modification of our protocol to implement these recommendations helped to decrease our primary CD rate safely...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287769/guidelines-for-the-conduct-of-pharmacological-clinical-trials-in-hand-osteoarthritis-consensus-of-a-working-group-of-the-european-society-on-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-osteoporosis-osteoarthritis-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-esceo
#20
REVIEW
Jean-Yves L Reginster, Nigel K Arden, Ida K Haugen, Francois Rannou, Etienne Cavalier, Olivier Bruyère, Jaime Branco, Roland Chapurlat, Sabine Collaud Basset, Nasser M Al-Daghri, Elaine M Dennison, Gabriel Herrero-Beaumont, Andrea Laslop, Burkhard F Leeb, Stefania Maggi, Ouafa Mkinsi, Anton S Povzun, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Thierry Thomas, Daniel Uebelhart, Nicola Veronese, Cyrus Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To gather expert opinion on the conduct of clinical trials that will facilitate regulatory review and approval of appropriate efficacious pharmacological treatments for hand osteoarthritis (OA), an area of high unmet clinical need. METHODS: The European Society on Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal diseases (ESCEO) organized a working group under the auspices of the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) and the World Health Organization (WHO)...
December 7, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
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