Read by QxMD icon Read


Tomohiro Kimura, Atsuko Kimura, Mindong Ren, Bob Berno, Yang Xu, Michael Schlame, Richard M Epand
Tafazzin is the mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes transacylation between a phospholipid and a lysophospholipid in remodeling. Mutations in tafazzin cause Barth syndrome, a potentially life-threatening disease with the major symptom of cardiomyopathy. In the tafazzin-deficient heart, cardiolipin (CL) acyl chains become abnormally heterogeneous unlike those in the normal heart with a single dominant linoleoyl species; tetralinoleoyl CL. In addition, the amount of CL decreases and monolysocardiolipin (MLCL) accumulates...
March 20, 2018: Biochemistry
Collin H Schmit, Matthew R Callstrom, Stephen A Boorjian, Matthew P Johnson, Thomas D Atwell, A Nicholas Kurup, Georgianna R Schultz, R Houston Thompson, Grant D Schmit
PURPOSE: To determine if the use of heat-based track ablation with new-generation cryoprobes is associated with decreased renal cryoablation bleeding complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine patients who underwent percutaneous cryoablation for treatment of a solitary renal mass with the use of cryoprobes with track ablation (CwTA) from October 29, 2015, to May 18, 2017, were compared with a propensity score-matched control group of 178 patients who underwent treatment with the use of cryoprobes without track ablation (Cw/oTA) from January 5, 2012, to October 28, 2015...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Elena V Petrova, Hans Peter Brecht, Massoud Motamedi, Alexander A Oraevsky, Sergey A Ermilov
The objective of this study is to demonstrate in vivo the feasibility of optoacoustic temperature imaging during cryotherapy of prostate cancer. We developed a preclinical prototype of optoacoustic temperature imager that included pulsed optical excitation at 805-nm wavelength, a modified clinical transrectal ultrasound probe, parallel data acquisition system, image processing and visualization software. Cryotherapy of a canine prostate was performed in vivo using a commercial clinical system Cryocare CS with an integrated ultrasound imaging...
February 26, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Purva Joshi, Anjali Sehrawat, Yoed Rabin
PURPOSE: This study aims at the evaluation of a prototype of a computerized trainer for cryosurgery-the controlled destruction of cancer tumors by freezing. The hypothesis in this study is that computer-based cryosurgery training for an optimal cryoprobe layout is essentially a matter of exposure time, rather than trainee background or the specific computer-generated planning target. Key geometric features under considerations are associated with spatial limitations on cryoprobes placement and the match between the resulted thermal field and the unique anatomy of the prostate...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Hugh C J McGregor, Andrew Surman, Adrian Fernandez, Maythem Saeed, Mark Wilson, Steve Hetts, Miles Conrad
PURPOSE: To investigate the midterm safety and efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous gallbladder cryoablation in swine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three swine underwent gallbladder cryoablation. Cryoprobes were positioned percutaneously at the gallbladder margins or within the gallbladder lumen under CT guidance. Two freeze/thaw cycles were performed. One animal was euthanized on postprocedure day 4 as a result of hematemesis unrelated to the ablation...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
E B Gibbs, R W Kriwacki
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) is a powerful technique for characterizing the structural and dynamic properties of intrinsically disordered proteins and protein regions (IDPs & IDRs). However, the application of NMR to IDPs has been limited by poor chemical shift dispersion in two-dimensional (2D) 1H-15N heteronuclear correlation spectra. Among the various detection schemes available for heteronuclear correlation spectroscopy, 13C direct-detection has become a mainstay for investigations of IDPs owing to the favorable chemical shift dispersion in 2D 13C'-15N correlation spectra...
January 13, 2018: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Yong-Chang Zheng, Jun-Hong Wu, Zhi-Zhu He, Shao-Jiong Huang
BACKGROUND: Thermally significant blood flows into locally cooled diseased tissues and warm them during cryosurgery so that the iceball is often hard to cover the whole diseased volume. This paper is aimed at investigating the effects of large arterial bifurcation on the temperature distribution during cryosurgery through simulation method. METHODS: A parametric geometry model is introduced to construct a close-to-real arterial bifurcation. The three-dimensional transient conjugate heat transfer between bifurcated artery and solid tissues with phase change during cryosurgery is performed by finite volume method...
January 16, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
Syed Z Tousheed, Poojaramuddanahally Hanumantharayappa Manjunath, Sagar Chandrasekar, Bangalore Venkatraman Murali Mohan, Hemanth Kumar, Kedar R Hibare, Ranganatha Ramanjaneya
BACKGROUND: Medical thoracoscopy (rigid and semirigid pleuroscopy) has revolutionized the approach to the diagnosis of pleural disease by offering a very high diagnostic yield. Rigid pleuroscopy offers the advantages of therapeutic intervention and larger biopsy specimens, whereas semirigid pleuroscopy using a standard biopsy forceps yields smaller and more superficial pleural samples. Cryobiopsy through semirigid pleuroscope in anecdotal studies has been used to overcome these disadvantages...
January 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Jad Kebbe, Tony Abdo
Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) form one of the most fascinating fields in pulmonary medicine. They also pose one of the greatest challenges for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. Even within the recommended and warranted multidisciplinary approach, differentiating between one disease and another may lead to frustration, especially when proper lung tissue is not available for adequate pathological review. A surgical lung biopsy (SLB) might render enough tissue for histopathology, but this could come at the expense of high morbidity and even mortality, as in the case of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ursula Winter, Michael Nicolas, Mariana Sgroi, Claudia Sampor, Ana Torbidoni, Adriana Fandiño, Guillermo L Chantada, Francis L Munier, Paula Schaiquevich
BACKGROUND: Intravitreal injection of chemotherapy in retinoblastoma eyes with vitreous seeds may lead to a risk of extraocular tumour dissemination that has not been assessed so far. AIMS: To develop a sensitive and clinically feasible technique to assess for potential retinoblastoma cell reflux after intravitreal injection of melphalan. METHODS: Filter papers were cut in 6 mm diameter circles and sterilised before use. Eyes with retinoblastoma vitreous seeds (group D, International Classification) received weekly intravitreal melphalan injections (20 µg or 30 µg/dose) followed by cryotherapy as part of local treatment...
October 31, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Kristin A Kinsman, Mariah L White, Lance A Mynderse, Akira Kawashima, Karen Rampton, Krzysztof R Gorny, Thomas D Atwell, Joel P Felmlee, Matthew R Callstrom, David A Woodrum
PURPOSE: Patients who develop prostate cancer after prior abdominal perineal resection are poor surgical candidates, and have limited treatment options. Therefore, our goal is to present results from a single institutional experience of four patients who underwent whole gland MRI-guided cryoablation with a history complicated by prior abdominoperineal resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four MRI-guided cryoablative treatments (mean age 64, range 59-69 years) for primary and locally recurrent prostate adenocarcinoma were retrospectively reviewed in patients with prior abdominal perineal resection for colorectal cancer (3) and juvenile polyposis (1)...
October 17, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Mohamed Hafid, Marcel Lacroix
Cryosurgery has become a well-established technique for the ablation of undesirable tissues such as tumors and cancers. The motivation for this study is to improve the efficacy and safety of this technique. This study presents an inverse heat transfer method for monitoring the motion of the freezing front from a cryoprobe. With the help of a thermocouple inserted into the layer of diseased tissue, the inverse heat transfer method estimates simultaneously the blood perfusion rate and the thermal conductivities of both frozen and unfrozen tissues...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
Ravi Patel, Carolina Collazo-Gonzalez, Arthur Andrews, Jean Johnson, Mark Rumbak, Maxwell Smith
Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) remains a poorly understood clinical entity. It is currently classified as a premalignant condition by the World Health Organization (WHO). Symptoms are similar to those associated with obstructive lung disease, including breathlessness and cough. The presentation is often initially ascribed to other diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Here, we present what we believe is the first described case of DIPNECH diagnosed by transbronchoscopic cryoprobe biopsy...
November 2017: Respirology Case Reports
Sebastián Gando, Roberto Duré, Damián Violi, Bibiana Vazquez, Gonzalo Labarca, Sebastián Fernandez-Bussy
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease characterized by the intra-alveolar accumulation of a proteinaceous phospholipid-laden material called surfactant. Clinically, this disease should be suspected with respiratory failure in association with a crazy paving pattern on high-resolution chest computed tomography. We report a 24-year-old gentleman who was referred to us for a history of respiratory failure, treatment with invasive ventilation and tracheostomy. His blood exams and biochemistry were normal...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Alessandro Motta, Giuseppe Caltabiano, Stefano Palmucci, Giovanni Failla, Antonio Basile
PURPOSE: spine metastases are common concern from several primary neoplasms, modern management include percutaneous techniques such as ablation and cementoplasty. This research aims to evaluate the treatment under local anaesthesia in high-risk patients (ASA III). METHODS AND MATERIAL: from January 2013 up to September 2016 we treated via percutaneous cryoablation 11 advanced oncological patients classified as ASA III, then retrospectively a review of their clinical history has been performed...
October 2017: European Journal of Radiology
Raja Shaikh
Understanding and management of vascular anomalies has always been intriguing. These disorders exhibit an expected pattern of clinical presentation and progression, and characteristic imaging findings. Significant progress in understanding and treating patients with vascular anomalies has been made in the past quarter century. Newer multidisciplinary domains for treating these disorders with medical drugs and less invasive image-guided or surgical procedures are constantly evolving. Vascular anomalies can exhibit aggressive tumor-like behavior resulting in recurrence or persistent symptoms after treatment...
September 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
Ranjeet Tiwari, Deepak Ahire, Hemantha Kumar, Sarmistha Sinha, Siddheshwar Kisan Chauthe, Murali Subramanian, Ramaswamy Iyer, Ramakanth Sarabu, Lakshmi Kant Bajpai
Metabolites of new chemical entities can influence safety and efficacy of a molecule and often times need to be quantified in preclinical studies. However, synthetic standards of metabolites are very rarely available in early discovery. Alternate approaches such as bio-synthesis needs to be explored to generate these metabolites. Assessing the quantity and purity of these small amounts of metabolites with a non-destructive analytical procedure becomes crucial. Quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (qNMR) becomes the method of choice for these samples...
September 21, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
D V Enikeev, P V Glybochko, Yu G Alyaev, L M Rapoport, A V Amosov, T M Alekseeva, M E Enikeev, D G Tsarichenko, D V Chinenov, L D Kozmin, Z K Dzhalaev, M S Taratkin
INTRODUCTION: Surgery remains the gold-standard curative treatment for localized (T1) renal carcinoma. However, recent medical-technological advances have led to the development of new minimally invasive treatment options, one of which is percutaneous cryoablation. AIM: To assess the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 12 patients aged 52 to 76 years who underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors from 2015 to 2017...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
Robert J Lentz, A Christine Argento, Thomas V Colby, Otis B Rickman, Fabien Maldonado
Transbronchial lung biopsy with a cryoprobe, or cryobiopsy, is a promising new bronchoscopic biopsy technique capable of obtaining larger and better-preserved samples than previously possible using traditional biopsy forceps. Over two dozen case series and several small randomized trials are now available describing experiences with this technique, largely for the diagnosis of diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), in which the reported diagnostic yield is typically 70% to 80%. Cryobiopsy technique varies widely between centers and this predominantly single center-based retrospective literature heterogeneously defines diagnostic yield and complications, limiting the degree to which this technique can be compared between centers or to surgical lung biopsy (SLB)...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Matthew R Schill, Spencer J Melby, Molly Speltz, May Breitbach, Richard B Schuessler, Ralph J Damiano
PURPOSE: Cryoablation is used in the treatment of atrial fibrillation and other cardiac arrhythmias. This study evaluated a novel 10-cm flexible nitrous oxide cryoprobe in an ovine model of atrial ablation. DESCRIPTION: Six sheep were anesthetized, underwent a left thoracotomy, and were placed on cardiopulmonary bypass. A left atriotomy was performed, and the cryoprobe was applied endocardially for 120 seconds at less than -40°C to 4 sites on the left atrium. The atrium was closed and the animals were allowed to recover...
September 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"