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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612513/the-sequential-intercept-model-and-juvenile-justice-review-and-prospectus
#1
Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E S Goldstein, David DeMatteo, Rebecca Newsham, Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, Lindsay Cole, Shelby Arnold
Behavioral health needs in justice-involved adolescents are an increasing concern, as it has been estimated that two-thirds of youths in the juvenile justice system now meet the criteria for one or more psychological disorders. This article describes the application of the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM), developed to describe five "points of interception" from standard prosecution into rehabilitation-oriented alternatives for adults (Munetz & Griffin, 2006), to juvenile justice. The five SIM intercepts are: (1) first contact with law enforcement or emergency services; (2) initial hearings and detention following arrest; (3) jails and courts (including problem-solving courts); (4) re-entry from jails, prisons and forensic hospitals; and (5) community corrections and community support, including probation and parole...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607229/recognition-and-treatment-of-law-enforcement-violence-against-detainees-and-prisoners-a-survey-among-israeli-physicians-and-medical-students
#2
Zvi Benninga, Bettina Steiner-Birmanns, Revital Arbel, Firas Abu Akar, Mushira Aboo Dia
INTRODUCTION: Physicians regularly encounter victims of violence. Although some at-risk groups are increasingly recognized as such, the risks faced by prisoners and detainees are often overlooked. The scope of violence against them is unknown and their treatment is often hampered by unique social and institutional impediments. This article reviews the need for improved recognition and protection of such patients and the associated obstacles, while presenting information on the experience, knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Israel regarding the maltreatment of prisoners and detainees...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575724/a-mapping-review-of-take-home-naloxone-for-people-released-from-correctional-settings
#3
Meredith Horton, Rebecca McDonald, Traci C Green, Suzanne Nielsen, John Strang, Louisa Degenhardt, Sarah Larney
BACKGROUND: People released from correctional settings are at an elevated risk of opioid overdose death in the weeks immediately following release. However, it is not well understood how this population, as a particularly high-risk group, is included in, and benefits from take-home naloxone (THN) programs. The objective of this review is to map research into THN for people released from correctional settings in order to identify further research needs. METHOD: We searched electronic databases, grey literature, and conference abstracts for reports on THN for people in or released from correctional settings...
May 30, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541067/vocational-rehabilitation-for-veterans-with-felony-histories-and-mental-illness-12-month-outcomes
#4
James P LePage, Avery A Lewis, April M Crawford, Edward L Washington, Julie A Parish-Johnson, Daisha J Cipher, Ledjona D Bradshaw
Lack of employment is an important barrier to successful reintegration encountered by those released from prison with mental illnesses and/or substance use disorders. This study compares 3 different vocational reintegration modalities for a veteran population: (a) basic services; (b) self-study using the About Face Vocational Manual; and (c) the About Face Vocational Program, a standardized group program focused on the About Face Vocational Manual. One-hundred eleven veterans with a history of at least one felony conviction and a mental illness and/or substance use disorder were recruited from a large urban Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center...
May 25, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506311/one-fourth-of-the-prisoners-are-underweight-in-northern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Semaw Ferede Abera, Kelemework Adane
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that prisoners are exposed to different health problems, prison health problems are often overlooked by researchers and no previous study has investigated nutritional problems of prisoners in Ethiopia. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from 809 prisoners from nine major prison setups in the Tigray region of Ethiopia. A proportional stratified sampling technique was used to select the total number of participants needed from each prison site...
May 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481612/examining-the-bidirectional-association-between-veteran-homelessness-and-incarceration-within-the-context-of-permanent-supportive-housing
#6
Meagan Cusack, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery
Homelessness and incarceration share a bidirectional association: individuals experiencing homelessness are more likely to be incarcerated and former inmates are more likely to become homeless. Permanent supportive housing (PSH) programs have demonstrated positive outcomes for participants with criminal histories, yet participants continue to exit to jail or prison and experience subsequent homelessness. Using data on Veterans participating in a PSH program at 4 locations between 2011 and 2014 (N = 1,060), logistic regression was used to examine the risk factors for exiting PSH because of incarceration and returning to homelessness...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480857/combined-antiviral-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-with-pegylated-interferon-peg-ifn-%C3%AE-2a-pegferon-and-ribavirin-copegus-in-inmates
#7
E Vashakidze, T Imnadze
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of combined antiviral therapy in prisoners with HCV. In total, 210 patients with chronic C hepatitis have been observed. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to HCV genotype: Group I: - 70 patients infected with genotype 1a/1b; Group II: - 70 patients infected with genotype 2a/2b; Group III: - 70 patients infected with genotype 3a. As for the patients with genotype I: RVR - rapid virological response was negative in 100%; EVR - early virological response was negative in 99%; EOT - end of treatment results was negative in 94% and SVR- sustained virologic response was negative in 91%...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479216/design-and-implementation-of-a-factorial-randomized-controlled-trial-of-methadone-maintenance-therapy-and-an-evidence-based-behavioral-intervention-for-incarcerated-people-living-with-hiv-and-opioid-dependence-in-malaysia
#8
Alexander R Bazazi, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Martin P Wegman, Gabriel J Culbert, Veena Pillai, Roman Shrestha, Haider Al-Darraji, Michael M Copenhaver, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
Incarcerated people living with HIV and opioid dependence face enormous challenges to accessing evidence-based treatment during incarceration and after release into the community, placing them at risk of poor HIV treatment outcomes, relapse to opioid use and accompanying HIV transmission risk behaviors. Here we describe in detail the design and implementation of Project Harapan, a prospective clinical trial conducted among people living with HIV and opioid dependence who transitioned from prison to the community in Malaysia from 2010 to 2014...
May 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465242/in-vitro-molecular-machine-learning-algorithm-via-symmetric-internal-loops-of-dna
#9
Ji-Hoon Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Christina Baek, Hyosun Chun, Je-Hwan Ryu, Jin-Woo Kim, Russell Deaton, Byoung-Tak Zhang
Programmable biomolecules, such as DNA strands, deoxyribozymes, and restriction enzymes, have been used to solve computational problems, construct large-scale logic circuits, and program simple molecular games. Although studies have shown the potential of molecular computing, the capability of computational learning with DNA molecules, i.e., molecular machine learning, has yet to be experimentally verified. Here, we present a novel molecular learning in vitro model in which symmetric internal loops of double-stranded DNA are exploited to measure the differences between training instances, thus enabling the molecules to learn from small errors...
April 29, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437171/psychological-benefits-of-yoga-for-female-inmates
#10
Yoika Danielly, Colin Silverthorne
Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma-focused yoga program. To create control and experimental groups, inmates who requested to participate were randomly assigned to be in the class (Treatment Group, n = 33) or a waitlist (Control Group, n = 17). Inmates on the waitlist subsequently joined the next class, so all who applied and were eligible participated in a yoga class...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430081/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-criminal-behavior-among-illicit-drug-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Rafael Alves Guimarães, Natália Silva Mesquita, Renata Silva Lopes, Roselma Lucchese, Rodrigo Lopes de Felipe, Ivânia Vera, Inaina Lara Fernandes, Paulo Alexandre de Castro, Luiz Henrique Batista Monteiro, Graciele Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate high rates of criminal behavior, violent activities, and legal problems among illicit drug users (IDU) in Brazil. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with criminal behavior among IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependency in Central Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out with IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependence. Data were collected by means of face-to-face interviews and analyzed using logistic regression...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426354/-it-goes-on-everywhere-injection-drug-use-in-canadian-federal-prisons
#12
Emily van der Meulen
BACKGROUND: International and Canadian research on in-prison injection drug use has documented the frequency of its occurrence as well as some of the resulting consequences such as increased prevalence of HIV and hepatitis C virus. Access to prison-based harm reduction programing is thus important. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to learn from former prisoner experiences and insights on in-prison injection drug use in order to advance and improve access to harm reduction options, in particular prison-based needle and syringe programs (PNSPs)...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412666/student-nurses-perceptions-of-clinical-placements-in-australian-prison-health-services-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Thea F van de Mortel, Judith Needham, Kate Barnewall, Ashleigh Djachenko, Jennifer Patrick
Increasing demands for clinical placements have forced tertiary institutions to look for alternative placements for third year nursing students. While Prison Health Services provide an opportunity for nursing students to engage in care of offender populations with significant chronic illnesses, there has been little evaluation of such placements. Third year undergraduate nurses (18/46) participated in a mixed methods study to provide evidence-based research on students' perceptions of clinical placements in Prison Health Services...
April 11, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397322/scotland-s-national-naloxone-program-the-prison-experience
#14
Kirsten Horsburgh, Andrew McAuley
Launched in 2011, the Scottish national naloxone program marked an important development in public health policy. Central to its design were strategies to engage prisoners given their elevated risk of drug-related death in the weeks following liberation. Implementation across Scottish prisons has posed particular challenges linked to both operational issues within prison establishments and individual factors affecting staff delivering, and prisoners engaging, with the program. Barriers have been overcome through innovation and partnership working...
April 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375656/evidence-based-treatment-and-supervision-practices-for-co-occurring-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#15
Roger H Peters, M Scott Young, Elizabeth C Rojas, Claire M Gorey
BACKGROUND: Over seven million persons in the United States are supervised by the criminal justice system, including many who have co-occurring mental and substance use disorders (CODs). This population is at high risk for recidivism and presents numerous challenges to those working in the justice system. OBJECTIVES: To provide a contemporary review of the existing research and examine key issues and evidence-based treatment and supervision practices related to CODs in the justice system...
July 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370106/the-negative-impact-of-prison-work-on-sleep-health
#16
Lois James, Natalie Todak, Suzanne Best
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of sleep disorders, deprivation, and quality in a sample of prison employees, and investigate the relationship between exposure to work-related critical incidents and sleep. METHODS: We surveyed 355 Washington State Department of Corrections employees. The survey included the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index and the Critical Incident History Questionnaire. RESULTS: We found 28% and 45% of the sample reported suffering from Apnea and insomnia, respectively...
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366044/developing-a-typology-for-peer-education-and-peer-support-delivered-by-prisoners
#17
Jane South, Anne-Marie Bagnall, James Woodall
Peer interventions delivered for prisoners by prisoners offer a means to improve health and reduce risk factors for this population. The variety of peer programs poses challenges for synthesizing evidence. This article presents a typology developed as part of a systematic review of peer interventions in prison settings. Peer interventions are grouped into four modes: peer education, peer support, peer mentoring, and bridging roles, with the addition of a number of specific interventions identified through the review process...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358232/medical-parole-and-aging-prisoners
#18
George Pro, Miesha Marzell
The population of geriatric prisoners in the United States will reach unprecedented levels in the coming decades. Geriatric prisoners are at increased risk for deteriorating health and experience the onset of disease earlier than the aging population at large. Medical parole is an underutilized program that allows aging prisoners to transition to community-based health care. This article presents original key informant interview data and analysis of the perceptions of medical parole. Three dominant themes emerged: (1) drugs and nonviolent crimes; (2) politics, costs, and consequences; and (3) quality of health care and sense of security in prison...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358231/primary-care-program-in-prison
#19
Carmen La Cerra, Milena Sorrentino, Ilaria Franconi, Ippolito Notarnicola, Cristina Petrucci, Loreto Lancia
Nurses take on the role of primary caregiver in the prison setting, as they are usually the first to approach the prisoner, and they govern access to all aspects of the health care system. The aim of this review was to assess the effects of the use of the primary care model in a correctional setting. Major literature databases relevant to the specified areas were searched for studies published from 2004 to 2013. Three studies reported some implications for prisoners, nursing practice, and the correctional facility, as generated by using the primary care model in the prison setting...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333611/transcendental-meditation-and-reduced-trauma-symptoms-in-female-inmates-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Sanford Nidich, Angela Seng, Blaze Compton, Tom O'connor, John W Salerno, Randi Nidich
CONTEXT: Compared with the general population, trauma experiences are higher among incarcerated women. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on trauma symptoms in female offenders. DESIGN: Twenty-two inmates at the Coffee Creek Correctional Facility in Wilsonville, OR, with at least 4 months left of incarceration were enrolled in this randomized controlled pilot study. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the TM group (n = 11) or a wait-list control group (n = 11)...
2017: Permanente Journal
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