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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820706/high-prevalence-of-treponema-pallidum-infection-in-brazilian-prisoners
#1
Maisa Estopa Correa, Julio Croda, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta de Castro, Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira, Maurício Antonio Pompilio, Ronaldo Omizolo de Souza, Júlio Henrique Ferreira de Sá Queiroz, Kesia Esther da Silva, Albert L Ko, Simone Simionatto
The number of new syphilis cases in Brazil has risen alarmingly in recent years. However, there is limited data regarding syphilis prevalence in the Brazilian prison population. To facilitate the development of effective interventions, a cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Treponema pallidum infection, active syphilis, and associated risk factors among Brazilian prisoners. We administered a questionnaire to a population-based sample of prisoners from 12 prisons in Central-West Brazil and collected sera for syphilis testing, from January to December 2013...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#2
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776462/demographic-and-spatial-disparity-in-hiv-prevalence-among-incarcerated-population-in-the-us-a-state-level-analysis
#3
Srimoyee Bose
The purpose of this study was to explore empirically the presence of any spatial and demographic disparity in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection rate among the prison inmates across 48 states in the US and compare the results for 2000 and 2010. HIV infection is a severe health issue for incarcerated populations in the US. In 2010, the rate of diagnosed HIV infection among inmates in state and federal prisons was five times more than the nonincarcerated population. The National Prisoner Statistics database was used to find the demographic disparities in HIV prevalence rate based on incarceration rate, gender, race/ethnicity, the proportion of non-US citizens, and proportion of population below 18 years...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759620/prevalence-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-prison-inmates-a-cross-sectional-survey-at-the-correctional-and-detention-facility-of-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#4
Benjamin Séri, Ange Koffi, Christine Danel, Timothée Ouassa, Marcel-Angora Blehoué, Eric Ouattara, Jeanne-d'Arc Assemien, Jean-Marie Masumbuko, Patrick Coffie, Nathalie Cartier, Arnaud Laurent, Gilles Raguin, Denis Malvy, Thérèse N'Dri-Yoman, Serge P Eholié, Serge K Domoua, Xavier Anglaret, Marie-Catherine Receveur
BACKGROUND: In Côte d'Ivoire, a TB prison program has been developed since 1999. This program includes offering TB screening to prisoners who show up with TB symptoms at the infirmary. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of pulmonary TB among inmates at the Correctional and Detention Facility of Abidjan, the largest prison of Côte d'Ivoire, 16 years after this TB program was implemented. METHODS: Between March and September 2015, inmates, were screened for pulmonary TB using systematic direct smear microscopy, culture and chest X-ray...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730855/relationship-intervention-for-inmates-and-their-partners-bringing-couples-together-before-release
#5
Kerry Kazura
The aim of this intervention study was to examine the impact of the Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program on inmates and their partners with the programming goal to reduce the negative impact of incarceration on families. This study was conducted in a prison facility in the Northeast United States, and data were collected on 40 couples (40 male inmates and 40 female partners) that completed the program. This study used a self-report pre and post survey to collect data on relationship satisfaction, relationship confidence, types of interactions, as well as program satisfaction...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728555/medical-homelessness-and-candidacy-women-transiting-between-prison-and-community-health-care
#6
Penelope Abbott, Parker Magin, Joyce Davison, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Women in contact with the prison system have high health needs. Short periods in prison and serial incarcerations are common. Examination of their experiences of health care both in prison and in the community may assist in better supporting their wellbeing and, ultimately, decrease their risk of returning to prison. METHODS: We interviewed women in prisons in Sydney, Australia, using pre-release and post-release interviews. We undertook thematic analysis of the combined interviews, considering them as continuing narratives of their healthcare experiences...
July 20, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724000/differences-and-inequalities-in-relation-to-access-to-renal-replacement-therapy-in-the-brics-countries
#7
Fábio Humberto Ribeiro Paes Ferraz, Cibele Isaac Saad Rodrigues, Giuseppe Cesare Gatto, Natan Monsores de Sá
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is an important public health problem, especially in developing countries due to the high level of economic resources needed to maintain patients in the different programs that make up renal replacement therapy (RRT). To analyze the differences and inequalities involved in access to RRT in the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa). This is an applied, descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative and qualitative study, with documentary analysis and a literature review...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715984/cost-of-an-integrated-care-program-to-reduce-ed-visits-during-diabetic-prisoner-court-hearings
#8
Tim Pauley, Joy Matienzo, Joseph Ventura, Josie Barbita
Diabetic events occurring during court hearings previously required emergency medical services (EMS) transport to the emergency department (ED). A new process was implemented whereby the provincial court (PC) was notified by the detention center of diabetes status of prisoners scheduled for court later that day, enabling a community nursing services provider to provide on-site diabetes assessment and treatment at the PC. During the 13-month pre-implementation phase, there were 10 incidents of diabetic distress resulting in an ED visit at a total cost of $797...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715983/addressing-social-anxiety-concurrently-with-prison-based-sex-offender-treatment-a-case-of-individual-needs-in-an-era-of-manualized-treatment
#9
Michael P Lasher, Jon R Webb, Jill D Stinson, Peggy J Cantrell
Emotional regulation may be an underaddressed therapeutic target in sex offender treatment. This article presents a case report of "Adam," a Caucasian male referred to a prison-based sex offender treatment program. Adam's social anxiety was recognized as an antecendent to his sexual offending, and treatment of such, as a critical adjunct to sex offender treatment, is discussed herein. Adam's individualized treatment included aspects of rational emotive behavior therapy and time-limited dynamic psychotherapy...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693573/a-qualitative-assessment-of-an-abstinence-oriented-therapeutic-community-for-prisoners-with-substance-use-disorders-in-kyrgyzstan
#10
Lyuba Azbel, Julia Rozanova, Ingo Michels, Frederick L Altice, Heino Stöver
BACKGROUND: Kyrgyzstan, where HIV is concentrated in prisons and driven by injection drug use, provides a prison-based methadone maintenance therapy program as well as abstinence-oriented therapeutic community based on the 12-step model called the "Clean Zone." We aimed to qualitatively assess how prisoners navigate between these treatment options to understand the persistence of the Clean Zone despite a lack of evidence to support its effectiveness in treating opioid use disorders. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of policy documents and over 60 h of participant observation in February 2016, which included focus groups with a convenience sample of 20 therapeutic community staff members, 110 prisoners across three male and one female prisons, and qualitative interviews with two former Clean Zone participants...
July 10, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692209/the-science-of-durban-aids-2016
#11
Chris Beyrer, Olive Shisana, Stefan D Baral, Koleka Milsana, Kenneth H Mayer, Anton Pozniak, Bruce D Walker, Souleman Mboup, Annette H Sohn, David Serwadda, Helen Rees, Sergii Dvoriak, Mitchell Warren, Safiatou Thiam, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Xavier Hospital, Owen Ryan, Nicolas Thomson, Linda-Gail Bekker
INTRODUCTION: The science presented at the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, in July 2016, addressed the state of the field across basic, clinical, prevention, law and policy and implementation science. METHODS AND RESULTS: The AIDS response has seen remarkable achievements in scientific advances, in translation of those advances into prevention, treatment and care for affected individuals and communities, and in large scale implementation - reaching 18 million people with antiviral therapy by mid-year 2016...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686715/use-of-multiple-data-sources-to-estimate-hepatitis-c-seroprevalence-among-prisoners-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Kathryn J Snow, Alun H Richards, Stuart A Kinner
Hepatitis C is a major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. Prisoners are a key population for hepatitis C control programs, and with the advent of highly effective therapies, prisons are increasingly important sites for hepatitis C diagnosis and treatment. Accurate estimates of hepatitis C prevalence among prisoners are needed in order to plan and resource service provision, however many prevalence estimates are based on surveys compromised by limited and potentially biased participation. We aimed to compare estimates derived from three different data sources, and to assess whether the use of self-report as a supplementary data source may help researchers assess the risk of selection bias...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682706/telehealth-support-of-managed-care-for-a-correctional-system-the-open-architecture-telehealth-model
#13
Ellen S Rappaport, H Neal Reynolds, Sharon Baucom, Thomas M Lehman
INTRODUCTION: The intent was to evaluate time to match initial investment of a new, statewide correctional system telehealth program based upon cumulative savings by avoidance of transportation and custody-related costs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The setting was a statewide correctional system where prisoners received medical care through enhanced telemedicine technology supported by newly recruited specialty providers delivered through an open architecture system...
July 6, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672787/the-efficacy-of-dog-assisted-therapy-in-detained-drug-users-a-pilot-study-in-an-italian-attenuated-custody-institute
#14
Laura Contalbrigo, Marta De Santis, Marica Toson, Maria Montanaro, Luca Farina, Aldo Costa, Felice Alfonso Nava
Drug addiction is a major care and safety challenge in prison context. Nowadays, rehabilitation and specific therapeutic programs are suggested to improve health and well-being of inmates during their detention time and to reduce substance abuse relapse after release from prison. Among these programs, several studies reported the benefits for inmates coming from animal assisted interventions. In this pilot controlled study, we investigated the efficacy of a dog assisted therapy program addressed to 22 drug addicted male inmates housed in an attenuated custody institute in Italy...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665207/until-i-get-off-parole%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-then-i-can-swim-in-it-if-i-want-to-facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-drug-use-among-formerly-incarcerated-black-drug-offenders
#15
Rahma Mkuu, Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Idethia Shevon Harvey
Black Americans are overrepresented among those incarcerated for drug-related offenses. Drug use, postincarceration, is associated with high risk of recidivism and overdose deaths. We explored factors influencing drug use among former Black drug offenders. Qualitative interviews with 30 Black Americans released from prison within the past year explored drug behavior as well as institutional, environmental, and social factors that influence drug use. Findings show participants reentered drug-enticing environments and social networks...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654650/risk-factors-for-prevalent-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-inmates-in-a-state-prison-system-in-mexico
#16
Pablo F Belaunzarán-Zamudio, Juan L Mosqueda-Gomez, Alejando Macias-Hernandez, Juan G Sierra-Madero, Saifuddin Ahmed, Chris Beyrer
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of HCV-infection and identify associated factors among inmates in the State Prison System of Guanajuato in Mexico (Sep-2011 to Feb-2012). METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study in 10 prisons in the State of Guanajuato in Mexico (2011-2012). We offered HCV-testing and applied audio computer-assisted self-interviews to all adults imprisoned in the State Prison System. We used a complex survey analysis to estimate the distribution of variables and its corresponding 95% confidence intervals, taking into consideration the expected cluster effect by common characteristics within prisons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646844/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-hiv-infection-among-male-prisoners-in-tehran-iran
#17
SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Behnam Farhoudi, Minoo Mohraz, Fatemeh Golsoorat Pahlaviani, Mostafa Hosseini, Marzieh Farnia, Mohammad Shahbazi, Ramin Alasvand, Mehrzad Tashakoriyan
BACKGROUND: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted on 6900 male prisoners in Great Tehran Prison from October 2013 to May 2014. METHODS: In order to find HIV positive prisoners in the prison's quarantine and two housing units, we used HIV active case finding (ACF) strategy by rapid screening test. In ACF, healthcare staff and trained prisoners asked inmates to answer relevant questions about history of risky behaviors related to HIV as well as to be tested voluntarily by HIV rapid test...
June 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612513/the-sequential-intercept-model-and-juvenile-justice-review-and-prospectus
#18
Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E S Goldstein, David DeMatteo, Rebecca Newsham, Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, Lindsay Cole, Shelby Arnold
Behavioral health needs in justice-involved adolescents are an increasing concern, as it has been estimated that two-thirds of youths in the juvenile justice system now meet the criteria for one or more psychological disorders. This article describes the application of the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM), developed to describe five "points of interception" from standard prosecution into rehabilitation-oriented alternatives for adults (Munetz & Griffin, 2006), to juvenile justice. The five SIM intercepts are: (1) first contact with law enforcement or emergency services; (2) initial hearings and detention following arrest; (3) jails and courts (including problem-solving courts); (4) re-entry from jails, prisons and forensic hospitals; and (5) community corrections and community support, including probation and parole...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607229/recognition-and-treatment-of-law-enforcement-violence-against-detainees-and-prisoners-a-survey-among-israeli-physicians-and-medical-students
#19
Zvi Benninga, Bettina Steiner-Birmanns, Revital Arbel, Firas Abu Akar, Mushira Aboo Dia
INTRODUCTION: Physicians regularly encounter victims of violence. Although some at-risk groups are increasingly recognized as such, the risks faced by prisoners and detainees are often overlooked. The scope of violence against them is unknown and their treatment is often hampered by unique social and institutional impediments. This article reviews the need for improved recognition and protection of such patients and the associated obstacles, while presenting information on the experience, knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Israel regarding the maltreatment of prisoners and detainees...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575724/a-mapping-review-of-take-home-naloxone-for-people-released-from-correctional-settings
#20
Meredith Horton, Rebecca McDonald, Traci C Green, Suzanne Nielsen, John Strang, Louisa Degenhardt, Sarah Larney
BACKGROUND: People released from correctional settings are at an elevated risk of opioid overdose death in the weeks immediately following release. However, it is not well understood how this population, as a particularly high-risk group, is included in, and benefits from take-home naloxone (THN) programs. The objective of this review is to map research into THN for people released from correctional settings in order to identify further research needs. METHOD: We searched electronic databases, grey literature, and conference abstracts for reports on THN for people in or released from correctional settings...
May 30, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
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