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Prison Programs

Jeffrey L Crabtree, David Ohm, Jarrod M Wall, Joseph Ray
This pilot study explored the strengths and weaknesses of an informal education program and identified elements of the program valued by participants. Participants were men living in a minimum security prison who had been incarcerated for ten or more years. The outside researcher was joined by three former program participants as co-researchers. Together, they interviewed 27 residents who completed the informal education program. Interviews were transcribed and de-identified. Researchers used the summative content analysis approach to analyze the data...
October 24, 2016: Occupational Therapy International
Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Nabila El-Bassel, Carl L Hart
Black Americans are incarcerated at disproportionate rates, largely due to racial differences in the application of drug laws. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence rates among Black Americans are also disproportionately high. Moreover, availability of and access to HIV prevention services in correctional settings are limited. Recognizing that Blacks are at an elevated risk of contracting HIV, and that incarceration worsens health outcomes, this paper addresses the importance of implementing comprehensive prison-based HIV programs and prevention interventions to improve the health of this vulnerable population...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Gilberto Ayala, Julio Garay, Miguel Aragon, Tom Decroo, Rony Zachariah
Objective To describe trends in tuberculosis (TB) notification and treatment outcomes in 25 prisons in El Salvador from 2009-2014 and to determine if a set of interventions introduced in 2011 affected TB case finding and management. Methods This was operational research that utilized a retrospective cohort study of program data from 2009-2014. The package of interventions introduced in 2011 provides staff training, engages inmates in TB case finding, and offers diagnosis through mobile X-ray and Xpert® MTB/RIF...
January 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Cecilia Varela-Martínez, Zaida E Yadon, Diana Marín, Einar Heldal
Objective To 1) describe and compare the trends of tuberculosis (TB) case notification rates (CNRs) and treatment outcomes in the two largest cities in Honduras (San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa) for the period 2005-2014 and 2) identify possible related socioeconomic and health sector factors. Methods This retrospective ecological operational research study used aggregated data from the National TB Program (socioeconomic and health sector information and individual data from the 2014 TB case notification report)...
January 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Valerie Senkowski, Katherine Norris, Anthony McGaughey, Paul Branscum
This article reviews the effectiveness of HIV sexual risk prevention programs among adult prison inmates. A database search was performed to identify studies that used HIV sexual risk prevention programs with incarcerated adults. Of the 234 articles identified, 9 met the inclusion criteria. In addition, 5 articles were found containing supporting information for the 9 studies reviewed, increasing the number of articles reviewed to 14. All studies reported a significant increase in knowledge or a decrease in high-risk behaviors among the inmates at the conclusion of the interventions...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Brent R Gibson, Gary Phillips
This descriptive analysis examines data collected as part of the accreditation program of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care (NCCHC). Based on the NCCHC Standards for Health Services, the accreditation program uses external peer review to determine whether correctional institutions meet these standards in their provision of health services. Analysis of compliance patterns looked at four facility characteristics-total annual admission, capacity, average daily population, and average daily intake-for jails and prisons...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Sanford Nidich, Tom O'connor, Thomas Rutledge, Jeff Duncan, Blaze Compton, Angela Seng, Randi Nidich
CONTEXT: Trauma events are four times more prevalent in inmates than in the general public and are associated with increased recidivism and other mental and physical health issues. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Transcendental Meditation(a) (TM) on trauma symptoms in male inmates. DESIGN: One hundred eighty-one inmates with a moderate- to high-risk criminal profile were randomly assigned to either the TM program or to a usual care control group...
October 7, 2016: Permanente Journal
Marilyn Armour, Shannon Sliva
Research is limited on mechanisms of action in restorative justice interventions. This multimethods study delineates the change processes underlying a successful in-prison group treatment program by (a) examining shifts in offenders' self-schemas and (b) identifying key program components that influence this movement. Researchers assigned to small groups as "co-facilitators" gathered data using participant observation, semi-structured interviews, and psychological assessments at three time points. Mechanisms of action include group norms and behaviors that contrast with prior experiences and uncover offenders' self-schemas through intrapsychic processes, which prompt them to test and act upon new possible selves through the group process...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Adam L Beckman, Alyssa Bilinski, Ryan Boyko, George M Camp, A T Wall, Joseph K Lim, Emily A Wang, R Douglas Bruce, Gregg S Gonsalves
Prisoners bear much of the burden of the hepatitis C epidemic in the United States. Yet little is known about the scope and cost of treating hepatitis C in state prisons-particularly since the release of direct-acting antiviral medications. In the forty-one states whose departments of corrections reported data, 106,266 inmates (10 percent of their prisoners) were known to have hepatitis C on or about January 1, 2015. Only 949 (0.89 percent) of those inmates were being treated. Prices for a twelve-week course of direct-acting antivirals such as sofosbuvir and the combination drug ledipasvir/sofosbuvir varied widely as of September 30, 2015 ($43,418-$84,000 and $44,421-$94,500, respectively)...
October 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Sarah Larney, Wilson Lai, Kate Dolan, Deborah Zador
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Opioid substitution therapy (OST) is an effective treatment for opioid dependence that is provided in many correctional settings, including New South Wales (NSW), Australia. In 2011, changes to the clinical governance of the NSW prison OST program were implemented, including a more comprehensive assessment, additional specialist nurses, and centralization of program management and planning. This study aimed to document the NSW prison OST program, and assess the impact of the enhanced clinical governance arrangements on retention in treatment until release, the provision of an OST prescription to patients at release, and presentation to a community OST clinic within 48 hours of release from custody...
November 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Kimberly R Kras, Brandy L Blasko
Within many sexual offender-specific treatment programs, clients and their therapists devote considerable time to understanding "cycles" or "pathways" to sexual offending, and clients often need to fit their stories into existing offending paradigms. Although this post hoc processing of offending behaviors may assist clients in understanding their individual pathway toward crime, we know little about how they situate this information within their lives moving forward. Relying on in-depth interview data, the current study examined accounts of the sexually related crimes that brought 28 men to prison...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Jeffrey L Crabtree, Jarrod M Wall, David Ohm
There is little information about prison-related occupational deprivation, and about doing research in prison. To document an occupational therapist and two prisoners' critical reflections on an informal occupational therapy education program using participatory action research (PAR), we reflect on our combined experiences of evaluating an occupational therapy program. The reflections include articulation of power differentials and examples of occupational deprivation and injustice at every stage of the program evaluation process...
September 19, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Lise Lafferty, Carla Treloar, Tony Butler, Jill Guthrie, Georgina M Chambers
BACKGROUND: Social capital has been shown to be a valuable resource for improving health outcomes. However, it has received little attention in the prison setting. Dimensions of social capital in mainstream society are likely to function differently among inmates in prison. This study seeks to identify and understand social capital dimensions among incarcerated men living with hepatitis C. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted across three correctional centres in New South Wales with 30 male inmates living with hepatitis C...
2016: Health & Justice
Maria R Gualano, Fabrizio Bert, Violetta Andriolo, Marco Grosso, Davide Minniti, Roberta Siliquini
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has demonstrated to improve access and quality of health services in underserved area, curtailing the costs, therefore its application to the delivery of health care in prison would be desirable. Little is known about its use across European penal institutions. Our study aimed to assess the state of telemedicine within the European jails. METHODS: To maximize data availability, we used two different approaches. A bottom-up approach was used by gathering information directly from prison directors of every single penal establishment of the 28 European members...
September 10, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Carla Treloar, Luke McCredie, Andrew R Lloyd
AIM: A formal Needle and Syringe Program (NSP) is not provided in Australian prisons. Injecting equipment circulates in prisons as part of an informal and illegal economy. This paper examined how this economy generates blood-borne virus (BBV) risk and risk mitigation opportunities for inmates. METHOD: The HITS-p cohort recruited New South Wales inmates who had reported ever injecting drugs and who had a negative HCV serological test within 12 months prior to enrolment...
2016: PloS One
Vivian W M Mak, Samuel M Y Ho, Regina W Y Kwong, W L Li
With increasing evidence suggesting a disparity in female and male offenders in terms of rehabilitative needs, growing concern has been placed on the development of gender-specific services for female offenders. As such, a prison-based psychological gymnasium (PSY GYM), with distinctive features in integrating cognitive-behavioral and positive-psychology concepts to address female offenders' needs, was set up in 2011. The present study aims to introduce the concept as well as present findings to evaluate the overall effectiveness of PSY GYM...
September 7, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Lise Lafferty, Carla Treloar, Georgina M Chambers, Tony Butler, Jill Guthrie
Social capital is a valuable resource that has received little attention in the prison context. Differences in the construct and accessibility of bonding, bridging, and linking social capital exist for Aboriginal Australians in mainstream society, but were previously unexplored in prison. This study seeks to understand contextual differences of social capital for Australian Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal men in prison. Thirty male inmates participated in qualitative interviews across three New South Wales (NSW) correctional centres...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Özlem Öztürk, Ayşe F Ocakçı
This study was performed to determine the effects of a stress management training program that was administered to adolescents in prison. This was a semi-experimental study that used pretests and posttests in controlled groups; it was performed between June 2012 and March 2013 in a closed prison for children and adolescents. The study was completed with the participation of 73 adolescents (36 in the experimental group and 37 in the control group). Adolescent Lifestyle Profile scale and the Stress Coping Styles Scale were used as the data collection tools...
September 6, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Brandi C Fink, Vaughn R Steele, Michael J Maurer, Samantha J Fede, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
INTRODUCTION: National estimates suggest that up to 80% of prison inmates meet diagnostic criteria for a substance use disorder. Because more substance abuse treatment while incarcerated is associated with better post-release outcomes, including a reduced risk of accidental overdose death, the stakes are high in developing novel predictors of substance abuse treatment completion in inmate populations. METHODS: Using electroencephalography (EEG), this study investigated stimulus-locked ERP components elicited by distractor stimuli in three tasks (VO-Distinct, VO-Repeated, Go/NoGo) as a predictor of treatment discontinuation in a sample of male and female prison inmates...
August 2016: Brain and Behavior
Elaheh Bahrami, Maryam Amidi Mazaheri, Akbar Hasanzadeh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: "Uncontrolled anger" threats the compatible and health of people as serious risk. The effects of weaknesses and shortcomings in the management of anger, from personal distress and destruction interpersonal relationships beyond and linked to the public health problems, lack of compromises, and aggressive behavior adverse outcomes. This study investigates the effects of anger management education on mental health and aggression of prisoner women in Isfahan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The single-group quasi-experimental (pretest, posttest) by prisoner women in the central prison of Isfahan was done...
2016: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
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