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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779159/an-etiological-approach-to-sexual-offender-assessment-case-formulation-incorporating-risk-assessment-cafira
#1
REVIEW
Leam A Craig, Martin Rettenberger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Case formulations (CF) have been the cornerstone of effective practice in clinical psychology since the 1950s and now form one of the core competencies in clinical and forensic assessment. The use of CFs within forensic settings is becoming more relevant when working with offenders who have experienced significant trauma, suffered from personality disorder, and have displayed sexually abusive behavior. Furthermore, most North American and European jurisdictions insist that expert witnesses adopt an idiosyncratic approach to risk assessment and consider the characteristics of the individual as part of a wider formulation of the problem behavior...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756478/outcome-of-serious-violent-offenders-with-psychotic-illness-and-cognitive-disorder-dealt-with-by-the-new-south-wales-criminal-justice-system
#2
Olav Nielssen, Natalia Yl Yee, Kimberlie Dean, Matthew Large
BACKGROUND: The few studies of the recidivism by people with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder who are convicted of serious violent offences and sentenced by the courts. METHOD: Re-imprisonment data were obtained for 661 individuals convicted of serious non-lethal violent offences in the District Courts of New South Wales in the years 2006 and 2007. Rates of re-imprisonment of offenders known to psychotic illness or cognitive disorder (intellectual disability or acquired brain injury) was compared to those not known to have those conditions...
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732624/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-skills-programme-for-offenders-with-mental-illness
#3
Drew A Kingston, Mark E Olver, Jared McDonald, Colin Cameron
BACKGROUND: Interventions for offenders with mental illness have tended to be confined to treatment of illness, with the expectation that symptom reduction will be accompanied by reduced criminal recidivism, but recent evidence suggests that other treatment targets may be more effective against recidivism. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a cognitive skills programme (Reasoning and Rehabilitation 2: Short Version for Adults [R&R2]) among offenders with mental illness...
May 6, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665607/-who-benefits-from-forensic-psychiatric-treatment-results-of-a-catamnestic-study-in-swabia
#4
Manuela Dudeck, Irina Franke, Adelheid Bezzel, Stefanie Otte, Norbert Ormanns, Stefanie Nigel, Felix Segmiller, Judith Streb
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of treatment outcomes of forensic inpatients in the Bavarian district of Swabia (2010 - 2014). METHODS: 130 inpatients were interviewed about their social reintegration, substance use and delinquency immediately after discharge from forensic psychiatry and one year after. RESULTS: One year after discharge 67 % of the patients referred due to substance use disorder according to § 64 of the German Penal Code were employed, 57 % were abstinent and 83 % did not reoffend...
April 17, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582233/economic-evaluation-of-the-juvenile-drug-court-reclaiming-futures-jdc-rf-model
#5
Kathryn McCollister, Pamela Baumer, Monica Davis, Alison Greene, Sally Stevens, Michael Dennis
Juvenile drug court (JDC) programs are an increasingly popular option for rehabilitating juvenile offenders with substance problems, but research has found inconsistent evidence regarding their effectiveness and economic impact. While assessing client outcomes such as reduced substance use and delinquency is necessary to gauge program effectiveness, a more comprehensive understanding of program success and sustainability can be attained by examining program costs and economic benefits. As part of the National Cross-Site Evaluation of JDC and Reclaiming Futures (RF), an economic analysis of five JDC/RF programs was conducted from a multisystem and multiagency perspective...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558340/university-students-perceptions-of-child-sexual-offenders-impact-of-classroom-instruction
#6
Sandy K Wurtele
Research with the public suggests that knowledge about sexual offenders, especially child sexual offenders, is limited and often inaccurate. In general, the public tends to believe that adults who commit sex crimes against children are pedophiles or monstrous strangers who cannot be rehabilitated. However, there is some evidence to suggest that these perceptions can be changed through curricular intervention. The current study was designed to determine whether a course on sex crimes against children could influence college students' knowledge and attitudes toward child sexual offenders...
April 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529889/beyond-ability-to-pay-procedural-justice-and-offender-compliance-with-restitution-orders
#7
Andrew S Gladfelter, Brendan Lantz, R Barry Ruback
Restitution to victims is rarely paid in full. One reason for low rates of payments is that offenders lack financial resources. Beyond ability to pay, however, we argue that fair treatment has implications for offender behavior. This study, a survey of probationers who owed restitution, investigated the links between (a) ability to pay, (b) beliefs about restitution and the criminal justice system, and (c) restitution payment, both the amount paid and number of payments. Results indicate that perceived fair treatment by probation staff-those most directly involved with the collection of restitution payments-was significantly associated with greater payment, net of past payment behavior, intention to pay, and ability to pay...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496587/traumatic-brain-injury-a-potential-cause-of-violent-crime
#8
REVIEW
W Huw Williams, Prathiba Chitsabesan, Seena Fazel, Tom McMillan, Nathan Hughes, Michael Parsonage, James Tonks
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the biggest cause of death and disability in children and young people. TBI compromises important neurological functions for self-regulation and social behaviour and increases risk of behavioural disorder and psychiatric morbidity. Crime in young people is a major social issue. So-called early starters often continue for a lifetime. A substantial majority of young offenders are reconvicted soon after release. Multiple factors play a role in crime. We show how TBI is a risk factor for earlier, more violent, offending...
February 26, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493652/-from-opg-to-rems-the-role-of-a-territorial-health-service-in-the-implementation-of-security-and-non-custodial-measures-towards-offenders-with-psychological-problems
#9
Gianmarco Latte, Livia Avvisati, Sara Calandro, Carmela Di Filippo, Monica Di Genio, Giovanna Di Iorio, Valentina Gilardi, Sara Giordano, Antonio Maria Pagano
AIMS: Managing health care for people suffering from mental illness is undergoing deep changes in recent years in Italy. The purpose of this study is to describe the progressive process of overcoming the Forensic Hospitals in Italy (OPGs) and to identify the necessary care and rehabilitation pathways in this process, in the experience of the territorial health service in Salerno, Italy. METHODS: An analysis of the recent laws related to the ongoing process and an analysis of epidemiological and structural data referring to the time interval between 2010 and 2017 concerning the OPGs/Residential Services for the Execution of Security Measures (RSESM)/Mental Health System in Campania, Italy and in the territory of Salerno in particular...
January 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475426/understanding-empathy-self-esteem-and-adult-attachment-in-sexual-offenders-and-partner-violent-men
#10
Ismael Loinaz, Luis Miguel Sánchez, Andrea Vilella
The assessment and treatment of emotional variables is a priority in the rehabilitation of offenders. Although theoretical proposals suggest a clear relationship between violence and self-esteem, attachment, and empathy, the research carried out to date has reached contradictory results due mainly to differences in the measurements used, the reliability of self-reports, or even to problems with the definition of the constructs. The present study analyzed these three variables in a prison sample of sexual offenders ( n = 48) and partner-violent men ( n = 68), using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Rape Empathy Measure, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Adult Attachment Questionnaire...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388522/vitamin-d-in-patients-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disability-in-secure-in-patient-services-in-the-north-of-england-uk
#11
Iain McKinnon, Thomas Lewis, Naomi Mehta, Shahed Imrit, Julie Thorp, Chris Ince
Aims and method To assess the benefits of the introduction of routine vitamin D serum sampling for all patients admitted to a secure in-patient hospital in the North of England providing medium security, low security and rehabilitation services for offenders with intellectual and developmental disability. The vitamin D levels of 100 patients were analysed at baseline. Those with insufficient or deficient levels were offered treatment and retested after 1 year. Vitamin D levels were analysed in the context of level of security, seasonality of test and co-prescription of psychotropic medications...
February 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303282/-extrinsic-allergic-alveolitis-minimum-for-clinical-practice
#12
Martina Šterclová
Extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) represent a group of diseases, that develop in susceptible individuals after repeated exposure to usually organic inhalation antigen. Patient may be in contact with these agents both in occupational and in home environment, as well as during free time activities and hobbies. The course of the disease is highly variable - EAA may have dramatic symptoms with fever, cough and severe dyspnoea as well as may be presented with slowly increasing dyspnoea and chronic cough. The more inconspicious are the symptoms of chronic EAA, the more problematic its treatment may be...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237354/the-views-of-the-public-on-youth-offenders-and-the-new-zealand-criminal-justice-system
#13
Craig Barretto, Sarah Miers, Ian Lambie
Public perceptions of crime and punishment have taken on increasing importance as countries grapple with how to address youth violence. The current study aimed to compare the views of those who have had personal experience of victimisation from youth offenders and those who have not, on what could be improved in managing youth offending in New Zealand. A qualitative methodology was used with data from open-ended survey responses from a nationally representative sample. Public sentiments favoured addressing systemic issues and providing rehabilitation as main emphases followed by more punitive measures, prevention, and restorative justice...
January 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237306/spiritual-criminology-the-case-of-jewish-criminology
#14
Natti Ronel, Y Ben Yair
Throughout the ages and in most cultures, spiritual and religious thinking have dealt extensively with offending (person against person and person against the Divine), the response to offending, and rehabilitation of offenders. Although modern criminology has generally overlooked that body of knowledge and experience, the study of spirituality and its relation to criminology is currently growing. Frequently, though, it is conducted from the secular scientific perspective, thus reducing spiritual knowledge into what is already known...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161911/the-efficacy-of-naikan-therapy-on-male-offenders-changes-in-perceived-social-support-and-externalized-blame
#15
Xinfang Ding, Zhongzhao Liu, Guangjian Cao, Shiwei Wei, Zipeng Qiu, Kelai Wang, Xiaodi Guo, Zhigang Di, Peng Ren, Haoqian Fucha
Naikan is a contemplative self-observation practice that originated from Japanese Shin Buddhism and is utilized for rehabilitating prison inmates in many countries. Although some investigations have provided initial evidence for its efficiency in decreasing recidivism, there is still a need for further investigation of the effectiveness of Naikan on other outcomes through more controlled studies. The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of Naikan therapy on male offenders' perceived social support and externalized blame...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145180/misoplegia
#16
Montserrat G Delgado, Julien Bogousslavsky
In 1974, Critchley described misoplegia as the phenomenon in which a hemiplegic patient develops a morbid dislike towards the offending immobile limbs. Patients with misoplegia may employ, but more commonly strike their paretic limbs not recognized as self. The pathophysiological mechanism is not well understood. The handful of cases of misoplegia described in the literature, frequently presented a right hemispheric damage. However, patients with chronic spinal cord injury may also present this symptomatology...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144186/-the-whole-is-greater-than-the-sum-of-the-parts-prison-staff-perceptions-of-domestic-violence-rehabilitation-programs
#17
Efrat Shoham, Anat Zelig, Badi Hasisi, David Weisburd, Noam Haviv
This qualitative study is part of a mixed methods research project that examined the effectiveness of the primary rehabilitation program for domestic violence offenders in the Israeli Prison Services-the "House of Hope." The quantitative part of the study showed that the "House of Hope" program was effective in reducing recidivism among participating inmates. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the rehabilitation program according to the perspectives of the program staff. For this purpose, semistructured interviews were conducted with the department staff during the study as well as with past directors...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134067/modelling-the-role-of-correctional-services-on-gangs-insights-through-a-mathematical-model
#18
F Nyabadza, C P Ogbogbo, J Mushanyu
Research has shown that gang membership increases the chances of offending, antisocial behaviour and drug use. Gang membership should be acknowledged as part of crime prevention and policy designs, and when developing interventions and preventative programmes. Correctional services are designed to rehabilitate convicted offenders. We formulate a deterministic mathematical model using nonlinear ordinary differential equations to investigate the role of correctional services on the dynamics of gangs. The recruitment into gang membership is assumed to happen through an imitation process...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110553/the-punitive-woman-gender-differences-in-public-attitudes-toward-parole-among-an-australian-sample
#19
Shannon Dodd
Research exploring gender differences in public attitudes toward parole is limited, despite a large body of literature showing that men and women have diverging views on other criminal justice issues, including capital punishment and offender rehabilitation and treatment. Drawing on an Australian national survey of community views on parole, the current study examines whether men and women differ in their support for the release of prisoners on parole. The results indicate that gender does predict parole attitudes, with Australian women significantly more likely to hold nonsupportive views on parole than Australian men...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020863/examining-employment-outcomes-of-offender-and-nonoffender-vocational-program-graduates
#20
Dana L Formon, Adam T Schmidt, Craig Henderson
Researchers have found providing employment opportunities for ex-offenders through job training programs to be effective at reducing recidivism. Examining various community-based programs for ex-offenders can be beneficial as they may be able to provide more stable and consistent programming without relying on the justice system. This study examined employment outcomes of graduates with and without criminal histories ( n = 617) from a community-based vocational training program. Results showed that ex-offender graduates obtained employment at equal rates to nonoffender graduates and received equal pay to their nonoffender counterparts...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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