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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303282/-extrinsic-allergic-alveolitis-minimum-for-clinical-practice
#1
Martina Šterclová
Extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) represent a group of diseases, that develop in susceptible individuals after repeated exposure to usually organic inhalation antigen. Patient may be in contact with these agents both in occupational and in home environment, as well as during free time activities and hobbies. The course of the disease is highly variable - EAA may have dramatic symptoms with fever, cough and severe dyspnoea as well as may be presented with slowly increasing dyspnoea and chronic cough. The more inconspicious are the symptoms of chronic EAA, the more problematic its treatment may be...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237354/the-views-of-the-public-on-youth-offenders-and-the-new-zealand-criminal-justice-system
#2
Craig Barretto, Sarah Miers, Ian Lambie
Public perceptions of crime and punishment have taken on increasing importance as countries grapple with how to address youth violence. The current study aimed to compare the views of those who have had personal experience of victimisation from youth offenders and those who have not, on what could be improved in managing youth offending in New Zealand. A qualitative methodology was used with data from open-ended survey responses from a nationally representative sample. Public sentiments favoured addressing systemic issues and providing rehabilitation as main emphases followed by more punitive measures, prevention, and restorative justice...
January 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237306/spiritual-criminology-the-case-of-jewish-criminology
#3
Natti Ronel, Y Ben Yair
Throughout the ages and in most cultures, spiritual and religious thinking have dealt extensively with offending (person against person and person against the Divine), the response to offending, and rehabilitation of offenders. Although modern criminology has generally overlooked that body of knowledge and experience, the study of spirituality and its relation to criminology is currently growing. Frequently, though, it is conducted from the secular scientific perspective, thus reducing spiritual knowledge into what is already known...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161911/the-efficacy-of-naikan-therapy-on-male-offenders-changes-in-perceived-social-support-and-externalized-blame
#4
Xinfang Ding, Zhongzhao Liu, Guangjian Cao, Shiwei Wei, Zipeng Qiu, Kelai Wang, Xiaodi Guo, Zhigang Di, Peng Ren, Haoqian Fucha
Naikan is a contemplative self-observation practice that originated from Japanese Shin Buddhism and is utilized for rehabilitating prison inmates in many countries. Although some investigations have provided initial evidence for its efficiency in decreasing recidivism, there is still a need for further investigation of the effectiveness of Naikan on other outcomes through more controlled studies. The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of Naikan therapy on male offenders' perceived social support and externalized blame...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145180/misoplegia
#5
Montserrat G Delgado, Julien Bogousslavsky
In 1974, Critchley described misoplegia as the phenomenon in which a hemiplegic patient develops a morbid dislike towards the offending immobile limbs. Patients with misoplegia may employ, but more commonly strike their paretic limbs not recognized as self. The pathophysiological mechanism is not well understood. The handful of cases of misoplegia described in the literature, frequently presented a right hemispheric damage. However, patients with chronic spinal cord injury may also present this symptomatology...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144186/-the-whole-is-greater-than-the-sum-of-the-parts-prison-staff-perceptions-of-domestic-violence-rehabilitation-programs
#6
Efrat Shoham, Anat Zelig, Badi Hasisi, David Weisburd, Noam Haviv
This qualitative study is part of a mixed methods research project that examined the effectiveness of the primary rehabilitation program for domestic violence offenders in the Israeli Prison Services-the "House of Hope." The quantitative part of the study showed that the "House of Hope" program was effective in reducing recidivism among participating inmates. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the rehabilitation program according to the perspectives of the program staff. For this purpose, semistructured interviews were conducted with the department staff during the study as well as with past directors...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134067/modelling-the-role-of-correctional-services-on-gangs-insights-through-a-mathematical-model
#7
F Nyabadza, C P Ogbogbo, J Mushanyu
Research has shown that gang membership increases the chances of offending, antisocial behaviour and drug use. Gang membership should be acknowledged as part of crime prevention and policy designs, and when developing interventions and preventative programmes. Correctional services are designed to rehabilitate convicted offenders. We formulate a deterministic mathematical model using nonlinear ordinary differential equations to investigate the role of correctional services on the dynamics of gangs. The recruitment into gang membership is assumed to happen through an imitation process...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110553/the-punitive-woman-gender-differences-in-public-attitudes-toward-parole-among-an-australian-sample
#8
Shannon Dodd
Research exploring gender differences in public attitudes toward parole is limited, despite a large body of literature showing that men and women have diverging views on other criminal justice issues, including capital punishment and offender rehabilitation and treatment. Drawing on an Australian national survey of community views on parole, the current study examines whether men and women differ in their support for the release of prisoners on parole. The results indicate that gender does predict parole attitudes, with Australian women significantly more likely to hold nonsupportive views on parole than Australian men...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020863/examining-employment-outcomes-of-offender-and-nonoffender-vocational-program-graduates
#9
Dana L Formon, Adam T Schmidt, Craig Henderson
Researchers have found providing employment opportunities for ex-offenders through job training programs to be effective at reducing recidivism. Examining various community-based programs for ex-offenders can be beneficial as they may be able to provide more stable and consistent programming without relying on the justice system. This study examined employment outcomes of graduates with and without criminal histories ( n = 617) from a community-based vocational training program. Results showed that ex-offender graduates obtained employment at equal rates to nonoffender graduates and received equal pay to their nonoffender counterparts...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977753/the-manitoba-youth-justice-program-empowering-and-supporting-fasd-affected-youth-in-conflict-with-the-law
#10
Sally Elizabeth Longstaffe, Albert Chudley, Mary Kate Harvie, Teresa Brown, Dan Neault, Trevor John Markesteyn
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) describes a constellation of physical, cognitive, neurologic and behavioral impairments resulting from prenatal exposure to alcohol. FASD is recognized as being one of the largest causes of preventable brain injury in children. There had long been concerns that some youth in conflict with the law may be affected with FASD given repetitive patterns of offending and apparent lack of understanding of consequences of their actions. In 2004 funding was received from Justice Canada for a pilot project with a cross departmental steering committee working together to determine a best way of working across systems to provide FASD assessments to these youth...
October 4, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934893/what-works-in-israeli-prison-based-sex-offender-rehabilitation-programs-program-participants-perspective
#11
Brenda Geiger, Michael Fischer
This study invited 10 of the 22 sex offenders enrolled in a prison-based rehabilitation program in one of the prisons in Israel to engage in the two first of the 4-D ( Discover, Dream, Design, and Deliver) stages of the Appreciative Inquiry . Consistent with the responsivity principle, and the IA tenets, program participants were interviewed to Discover components to which they were responsive and Dream/envision additional ones that would increase engagement and progress. Content analysis of the interviews indicated that despite the initial decision to enrol based on external incentives, participants eventually engaged in group therapy and expressed the desire to understand and regulate their sexual behaviour...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852535/public-attitudes-toward-legally-coerced-biological-treatments-of-criminals
#12
Colleen M Berryessa, Jennifer A Chandler, Peter Reiner
How does the public view the offer of a biological treatment in lieu of prison for criminal offenders? Using the contrastive vignette technique, we explored this issue, using mixed-methods analysis to measure concerns regarding changing the criminal's personality, the coercive nature of the offer, and the safety of the proposed treatment. Overall, we found that of the three variables, the safety of the pill had the strongest effect on public acceptance of a biological intervention. Indeed, it was notable that the public was relatively sanguine about coercive offers of biological agents, as well as changing the personality of criminals...
December 2016: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831820/juvenile-corrections-in-the-era-of-reform-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#13
Jub Sankofa, Alexandra Cox, Jamie J Fader, Michelle Inderbitzin, Laura S Abrams, Anne M Nurse
In this article, the authors synthesize knowledge from select qualitative studies examining rehabilitation-oriented juvenile residential corrections and aftercare programs. Using meta-synthesis methodology, the authors extracted and coded content from 10 research studies conducted by five authors across criminology, sociology, and social welfare disciplines. The total number of published works based on those studies analyzed was 18. Collectively, these studies offer insight into three major components of the juvenile correctional experience: therapeutic treatment and evidence-based practices, the shaping of identities and masculinities, and preparation for reentry...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808895/comparison-of-offender-and-non-offender-young-men-to-setting-goals-for-life-and-attributing-meaning-to-life
#14
Ali Eryılmaz
The main goal of the present study is to compare male offenders and non-offenders in terms of how they attribute meaning to life and set life goals. The samples were chosen from among offenders (n = 50) and non-offenders (n = 50) who were between ages 19-26. Mixed method was used in this study. The scale of setting life goals and interview form were used to collect data. To analysis of the data, the content analysis technique and t test and were used. Findings of the present study show that offenders tend to have troubles setting life goals when compared to non-offenders...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794798/mortality-of-young-offenders-a-national-register-based-follow-up-study-of-15-to-19-year-old-finnish-delinquents-referred-for-forensic-psychiatric-examination-between-1980-and-2010
#15
Nina Lindberg, Jouko Miettunen, Anni Heiskala, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. As delinquency is not a solid entity, we further aimed to compare the risk of premature death among different subgroups of the delinquents; violent versus non-violent offenders, offenders with alcohol use disorders versus those with no such diagnoses, offenders with schizophrenia spectrum disorders versus conduct- and personality-disordered offenders, under-aged versus young adult offenders, and, finally, boys versus girls...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752943/correlations-between-psychopathology-and-self-reported-quality-of-life-among-adolescents-in-youth-correctional-facilities-in-lagos-nigeria-a-short-report
#16
Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle Ola, Gbonjubola Abiri, Abiodun O Adewuya
BACKGROUND: The relationship between psychopathology and quality of life (QoL) and well-being among young incarcerated offenders has hardly been explored. AIMS: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that higher self-rated psychopathology would be associated with lower QoL among adolescents resident within youth correctional facilities in Lagos. METHODS: Psychopathology was assessed using the Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ), while QoL was measured by using the Paediatric Quality of Life...
July 28, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637141/misconceptions-about-traumatic-brain-injury-among-probation-services
#17
Conall O'Rourke, Mark A Linden, Maria Lohan
PURPOSE: The prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among offender populations is significantly higher than among the general population. Despite this, no study has yet assessed the knowledge of members of the probation service surrounding TBI. METHOD: Knowledge was assessed among members of the Probation Board for Northern Ireland (PBNI) using a cross-sectional online version of the Common Misconceptions about TBI (CM-TBI) questionnaire. Mean total misconception scores, along with scores on four subdomains (recovery, sequelae, insight, and hidden injury) were calculated...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538918/mental-health-care-for-brazilian-juvenile-offenders
#18
Nilson do Rosário Costa, Paulo Roberto Fagundes da Silva
This paper analyzes the use of psychoactive drugs by juvenile offenders in Brazil in socio-educational facilities (USEs). It describes the guidelines of the national public policy and the quality of mental healthcare coordination by subnational public governments. This work draws on the hypothesis that USEs vertical governance is associated with the use of psychoactive medication. This is comparative study of two cases in Rio Grande do Sul and Minas Gerais. Data resulted from a sample of medical records and interviews with key informants...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511571/brain-injury-and-offending-the-development-and-field-testing-of-a-linkworker-intervention
#19
Sara D S Ramos, Michael Oddy, James Liddement, Deborah Fortescue
Evidence suggests that traumatic brain injury (TBI) is more prevalent amongst offender populations than in the general population, and that it can lead to aggressive behaviour while in custody and impair engagement with offender rehabilitation programmes. The aim of this study was to develop, implement, and evaluate a brain injury Linkworker approach designed to support prisoners who report a significant TBI or multiple mild TBIs. Three clinical case examples are reported to illustrate the conceptual foundations of the approach and to demonstrate the feasibility of the service...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372519/sex-offenders-in-prison-are-they-socially-isolated
#20
Chantal van den Berg, Karin Beijersbergen, Paul Nieuwbeerta, Anja Dirkzwager
Empirical literature has revealed that social isolation can affect the rehabilitation of sex offenders after serving their sentence. This process of social isolation can already start during incarceration due to strained relationships with fellow prisoners and correctional staff. The current study examined to what extent sex offenders felt socially isolated during incarceration, using survey and registered conviction data on a large sample of male adult prisoners from the Prison Project. It was found that support from and relationships with correctional officers and fellow prisoners were perceived less positive by sex offenders than nonsex offenders...
April 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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