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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#1
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404202/hepatitis-c-treatment-as-prevention-evidence-feasibility-and-challenges
#2
REVIEW
Behzad Hajarizadeh, Jason Grebely, Marianne Martinello, Gail V Matthews, Andrew R Lloyd, Gregory J Dore
The advent of interferon-free direct-acting antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has heightened discussion of treatment as prevention. Rapid scale-up in many settings, and the prospect of further treatment simplification have extended therapeutic optimism towards HCV elimination. However, questions remain regarding the feasability of HCV treatment as prevention, including real world efficacy of direct-acting antiviral therapy, particularly among people who inject drugs, and whether expanded treatment access will be sufficient to reduce HCV transmission...
December 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343114/seeing-through-the-public-health-smoke-screen-in-drug-policy
#3
Joanne Csete, Daniel Wolfe
In deliberations on drug policy in United Nations fora, a consensus has emerged that drug use and drug dependence should be treated primarily as public health concerns rather than as crimes. But what some member states mean by "public health approach" merits scrutiny. Some governments that espouse treating people who use drugs as "patients, not criminals" still subject them to prison-like detention in the name of drug-dependence treatment or otherwise do not take measures to provide scientifically sound treatment and humane social support to those who need them...
May 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299972/older-and-incarcerated-policy-implications-of-aging-prison-populations
#4
Zachary Psick, Jonathan Simon, Rebecca Brown, Cyrus Ahalt
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the policy Implications of aging prison populations. Design/methodology/approach An examination of the worldwide aging trend in prison and its implications for correctional policy, including an examination of population aging in California prisons as a case example of needed reform. Findings Prison populations worldwide are aging at an unprecedented rate, and age-related medical costs have had serious consequences for jurisdictions struggling to respond to the changes...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299970/human-rights-and-correctional-health-policy-a-view-from-europe
#5
Mary Rogan
Purpose Correctional healthcare should promote the protection of human rights. The purpose of this paper is to bring a discussion of human rights into debates on how such policy should be best organized. Design/methodology/approach The paper achieves its aim by providing an analysis of European prison law and policy in the area of prison health, through assessing decisions of the European Court of Human Rights, as well as policies created by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture. Findings The paper describes the position of the European Court of Human Rights on the topics of access to healthcare, ill health and release from prison, mental illness in prison, and the duty to provide rehabilitative programming for those seeking to reduce their level of "risk...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299967/reducing-the-use-and-impact-of-solitary-confinement-in-corrections
#6
Cyrus Ahalt, Craig Haney, Sarah Rios, Matthew P Fox, David Farabee, Brie Williams
Purpose Although the reform of solitary confinement is underway in many jurisdictions around world, isolation remains in widespread use in many jails and prisons. The purpose of this paper is to discuss opportunities for reform in the USA that could also be applied globally. Design/methodology/approach A review of the evidence on solitary confinement policies and practices in the USA to develop recommendations for reform with global application. Findings Focusing on this evidence, the authors argue that solitary confinement is overused and recommend a multi-level approach available to correctional systems worldwide including: immediately limiting solitary confinement to only those cases in which a violent behavioral infraction has been committed for which safety cannot otherwise be achieved, ensuring the briefest terms of isolation needed to achieve legitimate and immediate correctional goals, prohibiting its use entirely for some populations, regularly reviewing all isolated prisoners for as-soon-as-possible return to general population, including the immediate return of those showing mental and physical health risk factors, assisting individuals who are transitioning out of isolation (either to the general population or to the community), and partnering with medical, public health, and criminal justice experts to develop evidence-based alternatives to solitary confinement for nearly all prisoners...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270476/prison-litigation-reform-act-congressional-statute-not-open-to-judicial-discretion
#7
Celeste Valencia, Charles C Dike
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918186/prison-break-karl-menninger-s-the-crime-of-punishment-and-its-reception-in-u-s-psychology
#8
David C Devonis, Jessica Triggs
In 1968, Karl Menninger, a highly visible and vocal U.S. psychiatrist, published a call to action on prison reform, The Crime of Punishment (Menninger, 1966/1968). This widely circulated book's central idea is that punishment as practiced in penal settings is an injustice amounting to a crime. At the outset, The Crime of Punishment quickly achieved national attention. Within mainstream psychology, its antipunishment message encountered a changed climate in which punishment, thought ineffective during the period 1930 through 1960, was redefined as an effective component in learning...
February 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837570/the-importance-of-the-patients-deemed-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity-for-the-psychiatric-reform
#9
EDITORIAL
Athanasios Douzenis
According to the Greek Penal Law if someone "because of a morbid disturbance of his mental functioning" (article 34) is acquitted of a crime or misdemeanour that the law punishes with more than 6 months imprisonment, then the court orders that this individual should be kept in a public psychiatric institution if the court reaches the conclusion that this person poses a threat to public safety.1 Individuals who have broken the law and deemed "not guilty by reason of insanity" are treated in psychiatric units of Psychiatric Hospitals according to the article 69 of the Penal Code...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671534/health-and-healthcare-access-among-zambia-s-female-prisoners-a-health-systems-analysis
#10
Stephanie M Topp, Clement N Moonga, Constance Mudenda, Nkandu Luo, Michael Kaingu, Chisela Chileshe, George Magwende, Jody S Heymann, German Henostroza
BACKGROUND: Research exploring the drivers of health outcomes of women who are in prison in low- and middle-income settings is largely absent. This study aimed to identify and examine the interaction between structural, organisational and relational factors influencing Zambian women prisoners' health and healthcare access. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews of 23 female prisoners across four prisons, as well as 21 prison officers and health care workers. The prisoners were selected in a multi-stage sampling design with a purposive selection of prisons followed by a random sampling of cells and of female inmates within cells...
September 26, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665840/psychiatry-and-the-dying-prisoner
#11
Annette Hanson
Due to the growing number of ageing prisoners in the American correctional system, penal institutions are increasingly caring for patients with chronic and potentially terminal medical conditions. To address this problem states have attempted sentencing reform initiatives and adopted compassionate release programmes; however, these efforts have failed to significantly reduce the number of elderly or seriously ill inmates. Correctional mental health services are now called upon to aid in the care of prisoners at the end of life...
February 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532896/transplant-medicine-in-china-need-for-transparency-and-international-scrutiny-remains
#12
T Trey, A Sharif, A Schwarz, M Fiatarone Singh, J Lavee
Previous publications have described unethical organ procurement procedures in the People's Republic of China. International awareness and condemnation contributed to the announcement abolishing the procurement of organs from executed prisoners starting from January 2015. Eighteen months after the announcement, and aligned with the upcoming International Congress of the Transplantation Society in Hong Kong, this paper revisits the topic and discusses whether the declared reform has indeed been implemented. China has neither addressed nor included in the reform a pledge to end the procurement of organs from prisoners of conscience, nor has the government initiated any legislative amendments...
November 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427447/prisoners-prisons-and-hiv-time-for-reform
#13
COMMENT
Chris Beyrer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Martin McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414890/radical-reforms-call
#14
(no author information available yet)
A new report from the Centre for Policy Studies claims that facilities for National Health Service patients are so poor that 'it is doubtful whether long stay prisoners in maximum security gaols fare much worse'.
January 23, 1988: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383344/right-to-mental-health-in-prison-system-reflections-on-the-process-of-deinstitutionalization-of-the-hctp
#15
Marden Marques Soares, Paula Michele Martins Gomes Bueno
This study aimed to discuss the close relationship between mental health, the criminal justice system and the prison system, whose specific interfaces are the HCTP (Hospital de Custódia e Tratamento Psiquiátrico, or Judicial Psychiatric Hospital) conflict and the person with mental disorder in conflict with the law. There will be presented extensive discussions on the Penal Execution Law and the Brazilian Psychiatric Reform Law, as well as cross-sector actions taken by the judiciary and the federal government (Brazilian National Health System - SUS and National Social Assistance System - SUAS) to bring the criminal justice system and the prison system to the anti-asylum combat...
June 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351045/human-rights-and-nigerian-prisoners-are-prisoners-not-humans
#16
REVIEW
I A Joshua, Y Y Dangata, O Audu, A G Nmadu, N V Omole
In Nigeria, just like in many other parts of the world, one of the most extensively discussed issues on the public agenda today is the increase in prison population. The aims of imprisonment are protection, retribution, deterrence, reformation and vindication. Investigations revealed that the prison services have been,neglected more than any other criminal justice agency in Nigeria. For example, most of the prisons were built during the colonial era for the purpose of accommodating a small number of inmates...
December 2014: Medicine and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253095/call-for-abolition-of-prison-medical-service-and-its-transfer-to-the-nhs
#17
(no author information available yet)
The prison medical service should be abolished and moved into the NHS, a penal reform pressure group declared last week. The Howard League for Penal Reform claimed in a new report that the Government is wasting money by duplicating NHS facilities inside prisons.
February 28, 1990: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232373/-coming-out-of-prison-an-exploratory-study-of-lgbt-elders-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#18
Tina Maschi, Jo Rees, Eileen Klein
This two-phase qualitative study explores the experiences of 10 formerly incarcerated LGBT elders' experiences prior to, during, and after release from prison. A core theme of self and the social mirror emerged from the data that represented LGBT elders ongoing coming-out process of unearthing their "true selves" despite managing multiple stigmatized identities or social locations, such as being LGBT, elderly, HIV positive, formerly incarcerated, and a racial/ethnic minority. These findings further our awareness of an overlooked population of LGBT who are older and involved in the criminal justice system...
September 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220966/a-community-standard-equivalency-of-healthcare-in-australian-immigration-detention
#19
Ryan Essex
The Australian government has long maintained that the standard of healthcare provided in its immigration detention centres is broadly comparable with health services available within the Australian community. Drawing on the literature from prison healthcare, this article examines (1) whether the principle of equivalency is being applied in Australian immigration detention and (2) whether this standard of care is achievable given Australia's current policies. This article argues that the principle of equivalency is not being applied and that this standard of health and healthcare will remain unachievable in Australian immigration detention without significant reform...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220354/exploring-the-drivers-of-health-and-healthcare-access-in-zambian-prisons-a-health-systems-approach
#20
Stephanie M Topp, Clement N Moonga, Nkandu Luo, Michael Kaingu, Chisela Chileshe, George Magwende, S Jody Heymann, German Henostroza
BACKGROUND: Prison populations in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) experience a high burden of disease and poor access to health care. Although it is generally understood that environmental conditions are dire and contribute to disease spread, evidence of how environmental conditions interact with facility-level social and institutional factors is lacking. This study aimed to unpack the nature of interactions and their influence on health and healthcare access in the Zambian prison setting. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews of a clustered random sample of 79 male prisoners across four prisons, as well as 32 prison officers, policy makers and health care workers...
November 2016: Health Policy and Planning
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