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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425328/the-use-of-a-smartwatch-as-a-prompting-device-for-people-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-single-case-experimental-design-study
#1
Matthew Jamieson, Mattia Monastra, Graeme Gillies, Rumen Manolov, Breda Cullen, Marilyn McGee-Lennon, Stephen Brewster, Jonathan Evans
Prompting-based memory compensation is a potential application for smartwatches. This study investigated the usability and efficacy of a Moto360 smartwatch as a memory aid. Four community dwelling adults with memory difficulties following acquired brain injury (ABI) were included in an A-B-A single case experimental design study. Performance of everyday memory tasks was tested over six weeks with the smartwatch and software provided during weeks three and four. Participants were asked to use their usual memory aids and strategies during the control phases (weeks 1-2, 5-6)...
April 20, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425053/what-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-correlate-with-expectations-with-trapeziometacarpal-arthritis
#2
Lana Kang, Joseph Nguyen, Sohaib Z Hashmi, Steve K Lee, Andrew J Weiland, Carol A Mancuso
BACKGROUND: Pretreatment variables have been shown to be associated with the fulfillment of patient expectations, yet in treating thumb trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis (OA) it remains unclear how patient expectations correlate with the effectiveness of treatment. An increased understanding of the variables that affect patient expectations enables tailored patient education and patient-provider communication. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is there a correlation between patient demographics and clinical characteristics, and the expectations the patients have when seeking treatment for trapeziometacarpal OA? (2) What factors are independently associated with the total expectations score and frequency of expecting "back to normal" among patients treated for trapeziometacarpal OA? METHODS: Between March 2011 and October 2013, 89 patients of all 96 eligible patients seeking treatment for trapeziometacarpal OA were approached and agreed to participate in this study...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424986/extremely-giant-liver-hemangioma-50%C3%A2-cm-with-kasabach-merritt-syndrome
#3
Zhiying Yang, Haidong Tan, Xiaolei Liu, Yongliang Sun
A 33-year-old male has been found with a giant liver hemangioma of initial size 29 cm for 5 years. He received arterial embolization twice in order to shrink the tumor; however, no effect was obtained. The tumor had rapidly grown to 50 cm and caused abnormalities in the hematological and coagulative systems. Preoperative computed tomography revealed that the right hepatic vein, right hepatic artery, and right portal vein were not involved by the hemangioma. Resection of the giant liver hemangioma was successfully performed after intraoperative intentional bloodletting with concurrent blood salvage...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424704/draco-stem-an-automatic-tool-to-generate-high-quality-3d-meshes-of-shoot-apical-meristem-tissue-at-cell-resolution
#4
Guillaume Cerutti, Olivier Ali, Christophe Godin
Context: The shoot apical meristem (SAM), origin of all aerial organs of the plant, is a restricted niche of stem cells whose growth is regulated by a complex network of genetic, hormonal and mechanical interactions. Studying the development of this area at cell level using 3D microscopy time-lapse imaging is a newly emerging key to understand the processes controlling plant morphogenesis. Computational models have been proposed to simulate those mechanisms, however their validation on real-life data is an essential step that requires an adequate representation of the growing tissue to be carried out...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423440/-results-after-distal-digital-replantation-is-it-worth-the-effort
#5
David Braig, Jan R Thiele, Vincenzo Penna, G Björn Stark, Steffen U Eisenhardt
There are only relative indications for distal digital replantation in zones 1 and 2 according to Tamai. In contrast to primary closure for fingertip amputations, replantation is a complex procedure that requires skills in supermicrosurgical techniques, as vessels with diameters between 0.3-0.8 mm are connected. In addition the time spent in hospital and the time off from work are longer. Distal digital replantation is thus only indicated, if the expected functional and aesthetic benefits surmount those of primary closure...
February 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422779/the-utility-of-high-fidelity-simulation-for-training-critical-care-fellows-in-the-management-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-emergencies-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Bishoy M Zakhary, Lily M Kam, Brian S Kaufman, Kevin J Felner
OBJECTIVE: Although extracorporeal membrane oxygenation volume has increased, proficiency in the technology requires extensive training. We compared traditional water-drill-based extracorporeal membrane oxygenation training with simulation-based extracorporeal membrane oxygenation training with the hypothesis that simulation-based training is superior. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Academic medical center. SUBJECTS: Pulmonary/critical care fellows...
April 18, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422588/alterations-in-redox-homeostasis-during-recovery-from-unexplained-underperformance-syndrome-in-an-elite-international-rower
#7
Nathan A Lewis, Ann Redgrave, Mark Homer, Richard Burden, Wendy Martinson, Brian Moore, Charles R Pedlar
PURPOSE: This case study of an international rower examines a diagnosis of Unexplained Under Performance Syndrome (UUPS or Overtraining Syndrome) describing a full recovery and return to elite competition the same year. METHODS: On diagnosis and 4 and 14 months post-diagnosis, detailed assessments including physiological, nutritional, and biomarkers were made. RESULTS: Clinical examination and laboratory results for haematology, biochemistry, thyroid function, immunology, vitamins and minerals were unremarkable and did not explain the presentation and diagnosis...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422523/can-the-lamberts-submaximal-cycle-test-reflect-overreaching-in-professional-cyclists
#8
Lieselot Decroix, Robert P Lamberts, Romain Meeusen
PURPOSE: The Lamberts and Lambert Submaximal Cycle Test (LSCT) consists of 3 stages during which cyclist's cycle for 6 minutes at 60%, 6 minutes at 80% and 3 minutes at 90% of their maximal heart rate, followed by one-minute recovery. It was the aim of this study to determine if the LSCT is able to reflect a state of functional overreaching in professional female cyclists during an 8-day training camp and the following recovery days. METHODS: Six professional female cyclists performed an LSCT on day 1, day 5 and day 8 of the training camp and 3 days after the training camp...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421665/evaluation-of-hifu-ablation-for-uterine-fibroids-an-ideal-prospective-exploration-study
#9
Jinyun Chen, Youping Li, Zhibiao Wang, Peter McCulloch, Liang Hu, Wenzhi Chen, Guanjian Liu, Jing Li, Jinghe Lang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and surgery in treating uterine fibroids, and prepare for a definitive randomised trial. DESIGN: Prospective multicentre patient choice cohort study (IDEAL Exploratory study) of HIFU, myomectomy or hysterectomy for treating symptomatic uterine fibroids. SETTING: 20 Chinese hospitals. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: 2411 Chinese women with symptomatic fibroids...
April 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421237/radiographic-interpretation-of-carpometacarpal-arthroplasty-correlation-between-radiographic-loosening-and-clinical-outcome
#10
Laurence Stillwater, Brett Memauri, Imran Ratanshi, Avinash Islur, Thelina Amaratunga
OBJECTIVE: To assess the radiographic appearance and interpretation of loosening in patients following first carpometacarpal joint pyrohemisphere arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review over a 6-year period was performed identifying patients with first carpometacarpal pyrohemisphere implants. All postoperative radiographs were reviewed and compared with clinical information. Loosening was defined as greater than 1 mm of periprosthetic lucency or increasing lucency on serial studies...
April 19, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420442/updated-systematic-review-associations-between-proximity-to-animal-feeding-operations-and-health-of-individuals-in-nearby-communities
#11
REVIEW
Annette M O'Connor, Brent W Auvermann, Rungano S Dzikamunhenga, Julie M Glanville, Julian P T Higgins, Shelley P Kirychuk, Jan M Sargeant, Sarah C Totton, Hannah Wood, Susanna G Von Essen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to update a systematic review of associations between living near an animal feeding operation (AFO) and human health. METHODS: The MEDLINE® and MEDLINE® In-Process, Centre for Agricultural Biosciences Abstracts, and Science Citation Index databases were searched. Reference lists of included articles were hand-searched. Eligible studies reported exposure to an AFO and an individual-level human health outcome. Two reviewers performed study selection and data extraction...
April 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420360/operative-versus-conservative-treatment-of-apophyseal-avulsion-fractures-of-the-pelvis-in-the-adolescents-a-systematical-review-with-meta-analysis-of-clinical-outcome-and-return-to-sports
#12
H Eberbach, L Hohloch, M J Feucht, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, J Zwingmann
BACKGROUND: Avulsion fractures of the pelvic apophyses typically occur in adolescent athletes due to a sudden strong muscle contraction while growth plates are still open. The main goals of this systematic review with meta-analysis were to summarize the evidence on clinical outcome and determine the rate of return to sports after conservative versus operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis. METHODS: A systematic search of the Ovid database was performed in December 2016 to identify all published articles reporting outcome and return to preinjury sport-level after conservative or operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis in adolescent patients...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419809/knee-biomechanics-during-jogging-after-arthroscopic-partial-meniscectomy-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Michelle Hall, Tim V Wrigley, Ben R Metcalf, Rana S Hinman, Flavia M Cicuttini, Alasdair R Dempsey, David G Lloyd, Kim L Bennell
BACKGROUND: Altered knee joint biomechanics is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of knee osteoarthritis and has been reported in patients after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) while performing various activities. Longitudinally, understanding knee joint biomechanics during jogging may assist future studies to assess the implications of jogging on knee joint health in this population. PURPOSE: To investigate knee joint biomechanics during jogging in patients 3 months after APM and a healthy control group at baseline and 2 years later at follow-up...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419804/simultaneous-reconstruction-of-the-medial-and-lateral-collateral-ligaments-for-chronic-combined-ligament-injuries-of-the-ankle
#14
Toshito Yasuda, Hiroaki Shima, Katsunori Mori, Seiya Tsujinaka, Masashi Neo
BACKGROUND: Objective data on chronic injuries of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the ankle are scarce. Chronic MCL injuries are frequently associated with lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injuries. For patients with chronic combined MCL and LCL injuries, the authors have performed simultaneous surgery of the 2 ligaments. HYPOTHESIS: Simultaneous surgery of the 2 ligaments may be effectively used to treat chronic combined MCL and LCL injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419479/sonographic-diagnosis-of-a-radiographically-occult-displaced-fracture-of-a-costal-cartilage
#15
Chandra Bortolotto, Egisto Federici, Ferdinando Draghi, Stefano Bianchi
We report the case of a 22-year-old athlete who sustained a blunt thoracic trauma to the right chest causing a costal cartilage fracture. Plain radiographs revealed no abnormalities while sonographic (US) examination performed a week later because of persistent pain led to the diagnosis of a displaced fracture of the right tenth costal cartilage. A follow-up US examination confirmed the healing of the fracture and allowed the patient to return to competitive sport activity. We recommend the use of US in patients with persisting pain after thoracic trauma with negative plain radiographs of the ribs to rule out radiographically occult costal cartilage fractures...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419340/extremely-thick-cell-walls-and-low-mesophyll-conductance-welcome-to-the-world-of-ancient-living
#16
Linda-Liisa Veromann-Jürgenson, Tiina Tosens, Lauri Laanisto, Ülo Niinemets
Mesophyll conductance is thought to be an important photosynthetic limitation in gymnosperms, but they currently constitute the most understudied plant group in regard to the extent to which photosynthesis and intrinsic water use efficiency are limited by mesophyll conductance. A comprehensive analysis of leaf gas exchange, photosynthetic limitations, mesophyll conductance (calculated by three methods previously used for across-species comparisons), and the underlying ultra-anatomical, morphological and chemical traits in 11 gymnosperm species varying in evolutionary history was performed to gain insight into the evolution of structural and physiological controls on photosynthesis at the lower return end of the leaf economics spectrum...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418788/factors-associated-with-delayed-cooling-in-cardiac-arrest-patients
#17
David A Pearson, Katherine Mayer, Catherine M Wares, Michael S Runyon, Jonathan R Studnek, Shana L Ward, Kathi M Kraft, Alan C Heffner
Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to improve neurologic outcome in medical cardiac arrest patients, yet little is known about factors that delay target temperature achievement. Our primary aim was to identify factors associated with not achieving our institutional "door-to-cool" (DTC) performance goal (emergency department [ED] arrival to temperature of 34°C) of ≤4 hours. Secondary aims included whether achievement of DTC goal was associated with timing of bolus neuromuscular blockade (NMB), survival, or functional outcome...
April 18, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417665/can-intracapsular-tonsillectomy-be-an-alternative-to-classical-tonsillectomy-a-meta-analysis
#18
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon, Eun Jung Lee, Yong Joo Yoon
Objective Tonsillectomy is the most common operation performed in the otolaryngologic fields. Efforts have been made to reduce postoperative complications, and one of these is intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (ICTA), which leaves the tonsillar tissue with tonsillar capsule. This study aimed to evaluate intracapsular tonsillectomy compared with classical extracapsular tonsillectomy in terms of efficacy of the technique for managing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and reducing postoperative complications...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417444/a-retinaculum-sparing-surgical-approach-preserves-porcine-stifle-joint-cartilage-in-an-experimental-animal-model-of-cartilage-repair
#19
Marcelo B Bonadio, James M Friedman, Mackenzie L Sennett, Robert L Mauck, George R Dodge, Henning Madry
BACKGROUND: This study compares a traditional parapatellar retinaculum-sacrificing arthrotomy to a retinaculum-sparing arthrotomy in a porcine stifle joint as a cartilage repair model. FINDINGS: Surgical exposure of the femoral trochlea of ten Yucatan pigs stifle joint was performed using either a traditional medial parapatellar approach with retinaculum incision and luxation of the patella (n = 5) or a minimally invasive (MIS) approach which spared the patellar retinaculum (n = 5)...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417330/management-of-nasal-fractures-in-sports
#20
Yashika Patel, Peter Goljan, Todd P Pierce, Anthony Scillia, Kimona Issa, Vincent K McInerney, Anthony Festa
Nasal fractures represent approximately 60% of all maxillofacial injuries that occur in athletic activities; however, there are no current guidelines regarding immediate sideline management of these injuries. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to (1) summarize the anatomy, etiology, and incidence of nasal fractures, and (2) evaluate the current body of literature regarding immediate on-field and subsequent outpatient management. It is imperative to establish that the athlete's airway is not compromised and there are no other severe concomitant injuries, such as a concussion, ocular injury, or leakage of cerebrospinal fluid...
April 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
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