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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169096/neuromuscular-compensatory-strategies-at-the-trunk-and-lower-limb-are-not-resolved-following-an-acl-reconstruction
#1
Grant Boggess, Kristin Morgan, Darren Johnson, Mary Lloyd Ireland, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Brian Noehren
BACKGROUND: Following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), patients present with greater trunk ipsilateral lean, which may affect knee kinetics and increase re-injury risk. However, there has been little research into neuromuscular factors controlling the trunk and their relation to the knee between healthy and ACLR subjects. This is critical to establish in order to develop more directed and effective interventions. HYPOTHESIS: As compared to healthy control subjects, ACLR subjects will demonstrate increased erector spinae and rectus abdominis co-contraction, greater rectus abdominis force and greater hamstring force that is correlated to increased forward trunk lean...
November 13, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168235/effects-of-nutraceuticals-on-sexual-satisfaction-and-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-a-cohort-of-young-old-men
#2
Anna Perri, Alessandro Ilacqua, Marina Valenti, Antonio Aversa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of nutraceuticals containing multiple supplemental facts (Virherbe®/Rekupros®) on sexual satisfaction and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in young-old men. In an open-label trial, 40 males (mean age 66 ± 13) with sexual disturbances and mild LUTS but without cognitive/motor impairment and clinical hypogonadism were enrolled. Sexual desire (SD; IIEF-SD domain) and satisfaction (Global Assessment Question; GAQ), the capacity to perform daily activities (evaluated by 6-min walking test [6MWT]), and International Prostate Symptoms Scores (IPSS) were evaluated before and after oral administration of 2 capsules/day of each supplement for 8 weeks...
November 23, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167999/integrated-analysis-of-healthcare-efficiency-a-systematic-review
#3
Victor John M Cantor, Kim Leng Poh
Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has been used as a performance measurement tool in efficiency assessment of healthcare systems. However, over the years, researchers and health practitioners presented the theoretical and methodological limitations of DEA that limits the full view of healthcare efficiency. To address these limitations, a commonly used strategy is to integrate other statistical methods and techniques with DEA to provide better efficiency evaluation. This paper reviews 57 studies with DEA applications in the healthcare industry to illustrate the integrated analysis of healthcare efficiency...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166989/use-of-a-patient-specific-outcome-measure-and-a-movement-classification-system-to-guide-nonsurgical-management-of-a-circus-performer-with-low-back-pain-a-case-report
#4
Ruth L Chimenti, Linda R Van Dillen, Lynnette Khoo-Summers
Low back pain (LBP) can be detrimental to the career of a circus arts performer, yet there is minimal population-specific literature to guide care. Moreover, reluctance to discontinue training and the need to resume end-range lumbar motion can impede the success of conservative care. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of a patient-specific outcome measure and a movement classification system to structure a home exercise program (HEP) for an adolescent training to be a circus performer. The patient was a 16-year-old female with a 10-month history of LBP...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166986/a-retrospective-assessment-of-return-to-function-in-dance-after-physical-therapy-for-common-dance-injuries
#5
Emily Junck, Megan Richardson, Faye Dilgen, Marijeanne Liederbach
An injury that causes a dancer to take time away from training or performance can be career ending, and thus it is important for dancers to have accurate expectations when considering treatment options. Thus far, few studies have reported functional outcomes after injury in dancers, which may be different than for the general athletic population. Therefore, our study sought to determine functional outcomes in dancers after operative and non-operative treatment for common dance injuries. Our outcome measures included a subjective assessment of the degree to which a dancer had returned to his or her previous level of dance, the SF-12 survey, and the WHO functional outcome scale modified for dance...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166955/brain-arterial-diameters-and-cognitive-performance-the-northern-manhattan-study
#6
Jose Gutierrez, Erin Kulick, Yeseon Park Moon, Chuanhui Dong, Ken Cheung, Bagci Ahmet, Yaakov Stern, Noam Alperin, Tatjana Rundek, Ralph L Sacco, Clinton B Wright, Mitchell S V Elkind
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that brain arterial diameters are associated with cognitive performance, particularly in arteries supplying domain-specific territories. METHODS: Stroke-free participants in the Northern Manhattan Study were invited to have a brain MRI from 2003-2008. The luminal diameters of 13 intracranial arterial segments were obtained using time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA), and then averaged and normalized into a global score and region-specific arterial diameters...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166934/arthroscopic-patellar-release-for-treatment-of-chronic-symptomatic-patellar-tendinopathy-long-term-outcome-and-influential-factors-in-an-athletic-population
#7
Gernot Lang, Jan M Pestka, Dirk Maier, Kaywan Izadpanah, Norbert Südkamp, Peter Ogon
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic patellar release (APR) is utilized for minimally invasive surgical treatment of patellar tendinopathy. Evidence regarding long-term success following the procedure is limited. Also, the influence of age and preoperative performance level, are incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether APR translates into sustained pain relief over a long-term follow-up in athletes undergoing APR. Furthermore, we analyzed if age influences clinical and functional outcome measures in APR...
November 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166858/adage-signature-analysis-differential-expression-analysis-with-data-defined-gene-sets
#8
Jie Tan, Matthew Huyck, Dongbo Hu, René A Zelaya, Deborah A Hogan, Casey S Greene
BACKGROUND: Gene set enrichment analysis and overrepresentation analyses are commonly used methods to determine the biological processes affected by a differential expression experiment. This approach requires biologically relevant gene sets, which are currently curated manually, limiting their availability and accuracy in many organisms without extensively curated resources. New feature learning approaches can now be paired with existing data collections to directly extract functional gene sets from big data...
November 22, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166708/-effects-of-astragalus-polysaccharide-on-cardiac-dysfunction-in-rabbits-with-severe-scald-injury
#9
L Zhong, J H Zhan, J H Luo, X Cheng
Objective: To investigate the effects of astragalus polysaccharide (AP) on cardiac dysfunction in rabbits with severe scald injury. Methods: Sixty-four New Zealand white rabbits were divided into pure scald group and AP group according to the random number table, with 32 rabbits in each group. Rabbits in the two groups were all inflicted with 30% total body surface area full-thickness scald on the back. Immediately after injury, rabbits in two groups were intraperitoneally injected with lactated Ringer's solution once for antishock...
November 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164476/diverticular-colitis-with-progression-to-ulcerative-colitis-after-sigmoidectomy
#10
Atsuyo Ikeda, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yutaro Egashira, Hidekazu Takahashi, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
Diverticular colitis is chronic inflammation of the colon where diverticula are present. The endoscopic and histopathological findings of this disease are sometimes similar to those of ulcerative colitis, and several reports describe cases of diverticular colitis that progressed to typical ulcerative colitis. A 77-year-old woman with intramesenteric penetration of the sigmoid diverticulum underwent low anterior resection. One month later, the patient experienced anastomotic leakage, and transverse colostomy was performed...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164167/single-leg-hop-test-performance-and-isokinetic-knee-strength-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-athletes
#11
Ted Sueyoshi, Akihiro Nakahata, Gen Emoto, Tomoki Yuasa
Background: Isokinetic strength and hop tests are commonly used to assess athletes' readiness to return to sport after knee surgery. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to investigate the results of single-leg hop and isokinetic knee strength testing in athletes who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) upon returning to sport participation as well as to study the correlation between these 2 test batteries. The secondary purpose was to compare the test results by graft type (patellar tendon or hamstring)...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164138/modeling-the-costs-of-postpartum-dysgalactia-syndrome-and-locomotory-disorders-on-sow-productivity-and-replacement
#12
Jarkko K Niemi, Paula Bergman, Sami Ovaska, Marja-Liisa Sevón-Aimonen, Mari Heinonen
Postpartum dysgalactia syndrome (PPDS) and locomotory disorders are common health problems in sows. Previous research suggests that they can cause substantial losses, reduce sow welfare, and result in premature removal of the sow from the herd. However, economic consequences of PPDS and locomotory disorders have not been investigated thoroughly. The goal of this study was to examine economic losses caused by PPDS and locomotory disorders and their impacts on sow longevity. A stochastic dynamic programming model, which maximizes return on sow space unit and assesses sow replacement under several scenarios, was developed...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164130/comparison-of-an-innovative-rehabilitation-combining-reduced-conventional-rehabilitation-with-balneotherapy-and-a-conventional-rehabilitation-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-athletes
#13
Laetitia Peultier-Celli, Didier Mainard, Frank Wein, Nicolas Paris, Patrick Boisseau, Alexandre Ferry, René Gueguen, Isabelle Chary-Valckenaere, Jean Paysant, Philippe Perrin
Background: Instability of the knee, related to anterior cruciate ligament injury, is treated by surgical reconstruction. During recovery, a loss of proprioceptive input can have a significant impact. Few studies have evaluated the benefits of rehabilitation of the knee in aquatic environment on functional outcomes. Objective: This study aimed to compare an innovative rehabilitation protocol combining reduced conventional rehabilitation with aquatic rehabilitation, with a conventional rehabilitation, according to the National French Health Authority, in terms of kinetics, development of proprioceptive skills, and functional improvement of the knee...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163643/persistent-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-bvdv-infection-in-cattle-herds
#14
REVIEW
A Khodakaram-Tafti, G H Farjanikish
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a significant pathogen associated with gastrointestinal, respiratory, and reproductive diseases of cattle worldwide. It causes continuous economic losses to the cattle industry primarily due to decreased reproductive performance. The ability of virus to cross the placenta during early pregnancy can result in the birth of persistently infected (PI) calves. Persistently infected animals are generally much more efficient transmitters of BVDV than transiently or acutely infected animals because they are capable of shedding large quantities of virus throughout their lives and are considered the primary reservoirs for BVDV...
2017: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163236/poor-illness-perceptions-are-a-risk-factor-for-depressive-and-anxious-symptomatology-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#15
Eric W de Heer, Johanna E Vriezekolk, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
Background: Patients with widespread pain, such as in fibromyalgia, are vulnerable for depression and anxiety, which composes a relevant public health problem. Identifying risk factors for the onset of depression and anxiety is therefore warranted. Objective of this study was to determine whether severe pain, maladaptive coping, and poor illness perceptions are associated with depressive and anxious symptomatology in fibromyalgia. Method: Consecutive patients referred to an outpatient clinic completed sets of physical and psychological questionnaires at baseline and at 18-month follow-up...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162971/long-term-patient-reported-outcomes-of-paraesophageal-hernia-repair
#16
Damien J Lazar, Desmond H Birkett, David M Brams, Heather A Ford, Christina Williamson, Dmitry Nepomnayshy
Background and Objectives: There is a lack of consensus on the optimal repair technique and the definition of good outcomes in paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repair. We reviewed long-term patient-reported outcomes of open and laparoscopic PEH repair to assist with our future surgical consent process. Methods: This was a retrospective case-control study including all patients with PEH repair performed from 2000 through 2012 at a single center without the use of mesh...
October 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162467/return-to-play-after-injuries-a-survey-on-the-helpfulness-of-various-forms-of-assistance-in-the-shared-decision-making-process-in-semi-professional-athletes-in-germany
#17
Daniel Niederer, Jan Wilke, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
OBJECTIVE: To assess how different decision-guiding factors, such as health and performance related actuators, as well as evidence based guidelines, support the process-orientated final positive return to play (RTP) decision of head coaches responsible for semi-professional sport teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: and Participants: A survey consisting of questions on the importance of different decision-guiding factors used when making the RTP decision following injuries was administered to and completed by 238 head coaches of semi-professional players' teams...
November 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162290/reduction-of-pharmaceutical-expenditure-by-a-drug-appropriateness-intervention-in-polymedicated-elderly-subjects-in-catalonia-spain
#18
Lluís Campins, Mateu Serra-Prat, Elisabet Palomera, Ignasi Bolibar, Miquel Àngel Martínez, Pedro Gallo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the monetary savings resulting from a pharmacist intervention on the appropriateness of prescribed drugs in community-dwelling polymedicated (≥8 drugs) elderly people (≥70 years). METHOD: An evaluation of pharmaceutical expenditure reduction was performed within a randomised, multicentre clinical trial. The study intervention consisted of a pharmacist evaluation of all drugs prescribed to each patient using the "Good Palliative-Geriatric Practice" algorithm and the "Screening Tool of Older Persons Prescriptions/Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment" criteria (STOPP/START)...
November 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161658/reproductive-performance-of-lactating-dairy-cows-after-inducing-ovulation-using-hcg-in-a-five-day-progesterone-based-fixed-time-ai-protocol
#19
I Garcia-Ispierto, F De Rensis, X Casas, F Caballero, R Mur-Novales, F López-Gatius
This study compares the effects of inducing ovulation using human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) at the end of a 5-day progesterone(P4)-based protocol for fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) in lactating dairy cows on ovarian dynamics and fertility. A P4 intravaginal device (PRID) was fitted for five days and GnRH administered upon PRID insertion and a double dose (24 h apart) of prostaglandin F2α upon PRID removal. Cows received either GnRH (GnRH group; n = 98), 1000 IU hCG (hCG-1 group; n = 97), or 3000 IU hCG (hCG-2 group; n = 104) 36 h after PRID removal and were inseminated 50-56 h after PRID removal...
November 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159479/operative-treatment-of-pelvic-apophyseal-avulsions-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-athletes-a-follow-up-study
#20
Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Iftach Hetsroni, Ernest Schilders, Lasse Lempainen, Willy Serlo, Sakari Orava
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic apophyseal avulsion can limit young athletes' performance for months and may result in permanent disability. Nonoperative treatment is most commonly preferred, while surgical management with reduction and fixation is reserved for selected cases. Our aim was to evaluate outcomes of operative management of pelvic apophyseal avulsions in a series of adolescents and young adult athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Operative room registries and medical records were reviewed to identify patients who received surgical treatment for pelvic apophyseal avulsions who were younger than 24 years and with a minimum of 12 month follow-up...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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