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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629304/board-of-pharmacy-practices-related-to-medication-errors-and-their-potential-impact-on-patient-safety
#1
Daniel D Degnan, John B Hertig, Michael J Peters, James G Stevenson
State boards of pharmacy are generally responsible for the governance of the practice of pharmacy. While the regulatory process and methods for accomplishing this task may vary by state, all boards of pharmacy must address medication errors committed by pharmacists. The National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) has recommended that state boards of pharmacy implement best practices and enforcement actions that are aimed to promote patient safety and reduce medication errors. The current study was designed to identify and compare current corrective action practices among boards of pharmacy in response to medication errors...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629301/discrepancies-identified-through-a-telephone-based-student-led-initiative-for-medication-reconciliation-in-ambulatory-psychiatry
#2
Marie E Albano, Jolene R Bostwick, Kristen M Ward, Thomas Fluent, Hae Mi Choe
PURPOSE: To identify the number of medication discrepancies following establishment of a telephone-based, introductory pharmacy practice experience student-driven, medication reconciliation service for new patients in an ambulatory psychiatry clinic. Secondarily, to identify factors impacting medication discrepancies to better target medication profiles to reconcile and to evaluate whether the implementation of a call schedule effected clinic no-show rates. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a telephone-based medication reconciliation service from June 2014 to January 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626509/academic-detailing-has-a-positive-effect-on-prescribing-and-decreasing-prescription-drug-costs-a-health-plan-s-perspective
#3
Uche Anadu Ndefo, Rolicia Norman, Andrea Henry
BACKGROUND: When initiated by a health plan, academic detailing can be used to change prescribing practices, which can lead to increased safety and savings. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of academic detailing on prescribing and prescription drug costs of cefixime to a health plan. METHODS: A prospective intervention study was carried out that evaluated the prescribing practices and prescription drug costs of cefixime. A total of 11 prescribers were detailed by 1 pharmacist between August 2014 and March 2015...
May 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626270/impact-of-a-student-pharmacist-driven-medication-reconciliation-and-antidepressant-treatment-history-project-at-a-depression-clinic-a-pilot-study
#4
Stella S Tang, Leanna Jaward, Kristen Ward, Sagar V Parikh, Jolene R Bostwick
OBJECTIVES: To improve treatment of patients with depression, a new pilot service project involving student pharmacists who would conduct medication reconciliation and review of antidepressant treatment history was created and evaluated. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A prospective study conducted at the University of Michigan Depression Center. PRINCIPAL OBSERVATIONS: From an initial sample of 78 referrals, 41 subjects were reached by phone, with 34 completing medication reconciliation and antidepressant treatment history...
May 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624338/heart-transplant-centers-with-multidisciplinary-team-show-a-higher-level-of-chronic-illness-management-findings-from-the-international-bright-study
#5
Maan Isabella Cajita, Eva Baumgartner, Lut Berben, Kris Denhaerynck, Remon Helmy, Sandra Schönfeld, Gabriele Berger, Christine Vetter, Fabienne Dobbels, Cynthia L Russell, Sabina De Geest
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: (1) explore the proportion of HTx centers that have a multidisciplinary team and (2) assess the relationship between multidisciplinarity and the level of chronic illness management (CIM). BACKGROUND: The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) recommends a multidisciplinary approach in heart transplant (HTx) follow-up care but little is known regarding the proportion of HTx centers that meet this recommendation and the impact on patient care...
June 14, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623124/development-and-implementation-of-the-compensation-plan-for-pharmacy-services-in-alberta-canada
#6
Rene R Breault, Jeff G Whissell, Christine A Hughes, Theresa J Schindel
OBJECTIVE: To describe experiences with development and implementation of a compensation plan for pharmacy services delivered by pharmacists in community pharmacies. SETTING: Community pharmacy practice in Alberta, Canada. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists in Alberta have one of the most progressive scopes of practice in North America. They have authority to prescribe drugs independently, administer drugs by injection, access electronic health records, and order laboratory tests...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622997/effect-of-pharmacist-intervention-on-improving-antidepressant-medication-adherence-and-depression-symptomology-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Kevin C Readdean, Albert J Heuer, J Scott Parrott
BACKGROUND: Depression is a widespread disease with effective pharmacological treatments, but low medication adherence. Pharmacists play a key role in supporting medication adherence in patients with depression given their accessibility to patients. PURPOSE: The aim of this review was to systematically evaluate the impact of pharmacist interventions on adherence to antidepressants and clinical symptomology among adult outpatients with depressive disorders. METHODS: A systematic review of controlled trials (both randomized and non-randomized) was conducted...
May 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622740/impact-of-a-pharmacist-managed-heart-failure-postdischarge-bridge-clinic-for-veterans
#8
Genevieve M Hale, Sonia L Hassan, Scott L Hummel, Carrie Lewis, David Ratz, Michael Brenner
BACKGROUND: Hospitals that provide early postdischarge follow-up after heart failure (HF) hospitalization tend to have lower rates of readmission. However, HF postdischarge (bridge) clinics have not been extensively evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a pharmacist-managed HF bridge clinic in a veteran population. METHODS: HF patients hospitalized from November 2010 to August 2013 were identified. Retrospective chart review was conducted of 122 HF patients seen at bridge clinic compared with 122 randomly selected HF patients not seen at this clinic (usual care)...
July 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622739/impact-of-a-collaborative-strategy-to-reduce-the-inappropriate-use-of-acid-suppressive-therapy-in-non-intensive-care-unit-patients
#9
Kristen D Belfield, Arpi G Kuyumjian, Rafael Teran, Mariette Amadi, Melissa Blatt, Keri Bicking
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is inappropriately prescribed in more than 30% of non-intensive care unit (ICU) patients, leading to unnecessary adverse events as well as increases in economic burden. OBJECTIVE: There was an increasing trend in the prophylactic use of acid suppressive therapy (AST) in non-critically ill patients at our institution, which prompted this initiative aimed at reducing the inappropriate use of AST in non-ICU patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional study that consisted of formulation of a guideline, education to the hospitalist service, and intervention by clinical pharmacists...
July 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622401/impact-of-a-pharmacist-conducted-educational-program-on-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-rates-in-a-low-socioeconomic-population-in-the-city-of-lares-pr
#10
Edda Marie Jiménez-Quiñones, Kyle Melin, Francisco Javier Jiménez-Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: To observe whether local vaccination rates are improved by a patient and physician education program on the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in Farmacia San José, Lares. According to the Puerto Rico Immunization Registry, the HPV vaccine is currently underutilized. METHODS: Patients within the ages of 18 and 26 years who are current patients of Farmacia San José were contacted by phone and approached in person at the pharmacy. Once contacted, patients were provided with educational materials and counseling regarding the risks and benefits of HPV vaccination...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622021/source-credibility-and-e-cigarette-attitudes-implications-for-tobacco-communication
#11
Kathleen R Case, Allison J Lazard, Michael S Mackert, Cheryl L Perry
As there are many conflicting sources of e-cigarette information, research is needed to determine the impact of these sources on e-cigarette attitudes to inform future communication campaigns. Source credibility is important in shaping attitudes toward other health topics; however, no study has examined its role in influencing e-cigarette attitudes. Data from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey-FDA (HINTS-FDA) were utilized to assess differences in trust in different sources by e-cigarette user status and to investigate the associations between trust in sources and e-cigarette attitudes (n = 3,738)...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617194/impact-of-online-toxicology-training-on-health-professionals-the-global-educational-toxicology-uniting-project-getup
#12
Anselm Wong, Rais Vohra, Andrew H Dawson, Andrew Stolbach
OBJECTIVE: The Global Educational Toxicology Uniting Project (GETUP), supported by the American College of Medical Toxicology, links countries with and without toxicology services via distance education with the aim to improve education. Due to the lack of toxicology services in some countries there is a knowledge gap in the management of poisonings. We describe our experience with the worldwide delivery of an online introductory toxicology curriculum to emergency doctors and other health professionals treating poisoned patients...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616435/impact-of-pharmacist-intervention-on-appropriate-insulin-pen-use-in-older-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-rural-area-in-iran
#13
Aida Sefidani Forough, Parsa Riazi Esfahani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist-conducted educational intervention on reducing errors related to inappropriate insulin pen use. METHODS: This was a prospective, before-after study with an educational intervention component. The study was conducted on 122 elderly diabetic patients. Data were collected through interviews using researcher-administered questionnaires as well as patients' medical records. Patients were asked about the preparation, injection, and storage techniques, they followed when using insulin pens...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616434/developing-an-economic-case-of-clinical-pharmacists-interventions-on-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-through-service-evaluation
#14
Eun Hee Lee, Victoria Bray, Robert Horne
OBJECTIVE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has become a huge health problem as well as a financial burden for the National Health Service. The objective of this study was to characterize current practice of VTE prophylaxis (VTEP) and evaluate the economic impact of clinical pharmacists' interventions (CPIs) on VTEP. METHODS: A prospective service evaluation was conducted in a medical and surgical ward at a tertiary teaching hospital in London from 23 May to 08 June 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610634/medication-related-visits-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-an-8-years-retrospective-analysis
#15
Cristiano Rosafio, Serena Paioli, Cinzia Del Giovane, Valentina Cenciarelli, Nilla Viani, Paolo Bertolani, Lorenzo Iughetti
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the characterization of medication-related visits (MRVs) to the emergency department (ED) in pediatric patients in Italy. We have estimated the frequency, severity, and classification of MRVs to the ED in pediatric patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data for children seeking medical evaluation for a MRV over an 8 years period. A medication-related ED visit was identified by using a random pharmacist assessment, emergency physician assessment, and in case of conflicting events, by a third investigators random assessment...
June 13, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609228/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-an-innovative-immunization-practice-model-designed-to-improve-population-health-results-of-the-project-impact-immunizations-pilot
#16
Benjamin M Bluml, Kelly A Brock, Scott Hamstra, Lisa Tonrey
The goal of the initiative was to evaluate the impact of an innovative practice model on identification of unmet vaccination needs and vaccination rates. This was accomplished through a prospective, multisite, observational study in 8 community pharmacy practices with adults receiving an influenza vaccine with a documented vaccination forecast review from October 22, 2015 through March 22, 2016. When patients presented for influenza vaccinations, pharmacists utilized immunization information systems (IIS) data at the point of care to identify unmet vaccination needs, educate patients, and improve vaccination rates...
June 13, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608652/impact-of-pharmacy-services-on-cystic-fibrosis-medication-adherence
#17
Jeffery T Zobell, Elizabeth Schwab, Dave S Collingridge, Cody Ball, Robert Nohavec, Fadi Asfour
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to characterize the impact of pharmacy services on medication adherence and hospitalizations for pediatric cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. METHODS: A retrospective health insurance claims analysis and patient medical charts review from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016 of patients from the Pediatric Intermountain CF Center was performed. Adherence to dornase alfa and hospital admissions for pulmonary exacerbations pre and post the implementation of an integrated pharmacy team were reviewed...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605452/optimizing-preoperative-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-reported-%C3%AE-lactam-allergy-a-novel-extension-of-antimicrobial-stewardship
#18
Alon Vaisman, Janine McCready, Sandy Hicks, Jeff Powis
Background: Use of alternative second-line antibiotics is associated with adverse events in patients reporting β-lactam allergy. In the perioperative setting, we hypothesized that structured allergy histories, without the use of skin testing, can reduce alternative prophylactic antibiotic use. Objectives: Assess the impact of structured allergy histories on patients with self-reported β-lactam allergy (SRBA) undergoing elective surgical procedures. Methods: Structured allergy histories were performed by a pharmacist and reviewed with an infectious diseases physician...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597173/problems-interventions-and-their-outcomes-during-the-routine-work-of-hospital-pharmacists-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#19
Gordana Ljubojević, Branislava Miljković, Tatjana Bućma, Milica Ćulafić, Milica Prostran, Sandra Vezmar Kovačević
Background In the last 30 years, activities of hospital pharmacists have gone through significant changes. Pharmacists are increasingly involved in patient care. Objectives To explore drug-related and logistic problems, interventions, and their outcomes during routine everyday work of hospital pharmacists. Setting Institute for physical medicine and rehabilitation, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods In the period of January 2013-October 2015 a prospective observational study was performed. Medical doctors, nurses, therapists, and patients addressed pharmacists, face-to-face or by telephone, with drug-related problems (DRPs) and/or logistic issues...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596445/development-of-a-new-care-model-for-hospitalized-children-with-medical-complexity
#20
Christine M White, Joanna E Thomson, Angela M Statile, Katherine A Auger, Ndidi Unaka, Matthew Carroll, Karen Tucker, Derek Fletcher, David E Hall, Jeffrey M Simmons, Patrick W Brady
Children with medical complexity are a rapidly growing inpatient population with frequent, lengthy, and costly hospitalizations. During hospitalization, these patients require care coordination among multiple subspecialties and their outpatient medical homes. At a large freestanding children's hospital, a new inpatient model of care was developed in an effort to consistently provide coordinated, family-centered, and efficient care. In addition to expanding the multidisciplinary team to include a pharmacist, dietician, and social worker, the team redesign included: (1) medication reconciliation rounds, (2) care coordination rounds, and (3) multidisciplinary weekly handoff with outpatient providers...
June 8, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
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