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pharmacist impact

Elizabeth A Neuner, Andrea M Pallotta, Simon W Lam, David Stowe, Steven M Gordon, Gary W Procop, Sandra S Richter
OBJECTIVE To describe the impact of rapid diagnostic microarray technology and antimicrobial stewardship for patients with Gram-positive blood cultures. DESIGN Retrospective pre-intervention/post-intervention study. SETTING A 1,200-bed academic medical center. PATIENTS Inpatients with blood cultures positive for Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, E. faecium, Streptococcus pneumoniae, S. pyogenes, S. agalactiae, S. anginosus, Streptococcus spp., and Listeria monocytogenes during the 6 months before and after implementation of Verigene Gram-positive blood culture microarray (BC-GP) with an antimicrobial stewardship intervention...
November 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
J E Isenor, N T Edwards, T A Alia, K L Slayter, D M MacDougall, S A McNeil, S K Bowles
BACKGROUND: Underutilization of vaccination programs remains a significant public health concern. Pharmacists serve as educators, facilitators, and in some jurisdictions, as administrators of vaccines. Though pharmacists have been involved with immunizations in various ways for many years, there has yet to be a systematic review assessing the impact of pharmacists as immunizers in these three roles. OBJECTIVE: To complete a systematic review of the literature on the impact of pharmacists as educators, facilitators, and administrators of vaccines on immunization rates...
October 17, 2016: Vaccine
Tatiane Fernandes Farias, Karina da Silva Aguiar, Inajara Rotta, Klezia Morais da Silva Belletti, Juliane Carlotto
Objective: To implement a clinical pharmacy service focused on the comprehensive review of antineoplastic drugs used in therapy of hematological diseases. Methods: An interventional study was conducted in a Brazilian tertiary teaching hospital in two different periods, with and without a clinical pharmacy service, respectively. This service consisted of an antineoplastic prescription validation (analysis of patients' characteristics, laboratory tests, compliance with the therapeutic protocol and with pharmacotechnical parameters)...
July 2016: Einstein
Kristin Wiisanen Weitzel, Caitrin W McDonough, Amanda R Elsey, Benjamin Burkley, Larisa H Cavallari, Julie A Johnson
Objective. To evaluate the impact of personal genotyping and a novel educational approach on student attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs regarding pharmacogenomics and genomic medicine. Methods. Two online elective courses (pharmacogenomics and genomic medicine) were offered to student pharmacists at the University of Florida using a flipped-classroom, patient-centered teaching approach. In the pharmacogenomics course, students could be genotyped and apply results to patient cases. Results. Thirty-four and 19 student pharmacists completed the pharmacogenomics and genomic medicine courses, respectively, and 100% of eligible students (n=34) underwent genotyping...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Bayan Sharif-Chan, Dipti Tankala, Christine Leong, Zubin Austin, Marisa Battistella
Objective. To compare peer teaching in a medical and a pharmacy clinical teaching unit and to provide suggestions for future research in pharmacy near-peer teaching. Methods. This exploratory observational study used principles of ethnographic methodology for data collection and analysis. Observations were collected in a large downtown teaching hospital. An average of 4-6 hours per day were spent observing a team of medical trainees from the Faculty (School) of Medicine in the general internal medicine (unit for two weeks, followed by a team of pharmacy trainees in an ambulatory hemodialysis (HD) unit for two weeks...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
J E McDonagh, K L Shaw, J Prescott, F J Smith, R Roberts, N J Gray
BACKGROUND: Taking medicines as intended is difficult for everybody, but young people going through adolescence have greater problems than adults and younger children. One of the most important things that happen during the teenage years is the development of individual identities, which might not remain constant during this time and can be affected deeply by the diagnosis of a long-term condition. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between identity and medication use among young people with juvenile arthritis...
October 19, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Fernando Stuardo Wyss Quintana
Latin America has 23 countries ranging from Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean, of these 19 countries are considered by the WHO as countries with high and very high risk, one of the similarities of our countries is poor access to services health and medicine, resulting from poor government investment in health as the amount used in this sector occupies only the best 3% of the national budget and gross domestic product.Thus we know that the prevalence of hypertension varies widely from country to country and from city to city, presenting in Guatemala a prevalence of 40%, while in other countries in the area ranges between 25 and 35%, most complicated problem is that within the same country as the population this prevalence can vary greatly and have a different impact between populationsTherefore we know that the impact of cardiovascular disease within the range of non-communicable diseases occupies at least 30% and of these about 70% occupied countries of low and moderate income...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Irene Krämer, Matthias Blüher, Martin K Kuhlmann, Lutz Heinemann
Following the market authorization of the first insulin biosimilar in 2014, further approvals are to be expected due to patent expiry of several originator insulins. Knowledge of the manufacturing and the characteristics of these pharmaceutical products is important for their rationale and safe use by the physician, the pharmacist and the patient.Biosimilars are not generics, but similar or comparable, yet not identical versions of the originator biopharmaceutical. Marketing authorization in the EU is granted only after passing a stringent procedure...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Nicholas S Sigona, Jeffrey M Steele, Christopher D Miller
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of a pharmacist-driven beta-lactam allergy interview on antimicrobial therapy. SETTING: Tertiary care academic medical center. PRACTICE SETTING: Clarification of beta-lactam allergy may expand treatment options for patients and potentially improve outcomes, reduce toxicity, and reduce costs. PRACTICE INNOVATION: At our institution, a pilot service using a pharmacy resident and infectious diseases clinical pharmacist was implemented to clarify beta-lactam allergy information and, where appropriate, recommend a change to the patient's antibiotic therapy...
October 8, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Paweł Paśko, Tomasz Rodacki, Renata Domagała-Rodacka, Danuta Owczarek
Background Overactive bladder syndrome is a condition where one or more of the symptoms such as pollakiuria, urgent need to urinate, nocturia and urinary incontinence is observed. Its prevalence ranges between 7 and 27 % in men and 9-43 % in women. The role of a pharmacist is to educate the patient on medications administration scheme, and drug interactions with particular food or food components. Aim of the review To assess a potential impact of food and fruit juice on the pharmacokinetic and therapeutic effects of medications used in treating overactive bladder syndrome...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Brandon Battis, Linda Clifford, Mostaqul Huq, Edrick Pejoro, Scott Mambourg
OBJECTIVES: Patients treated with oral chemotherapy appear to have less contact with the treating providers. As a result, safety, adherence, medication therapy monitoring, and timely follow-up may be compromised. The trend of treating cancer with oral chemotherapy agents is on the rise. However, standard clinical guidance is still lacking for prescribing, monitoring, patient education, and follow-up of patients on oral chemotherapy across the healthcare settings. The purpose of this project is to establish an oral chemotherapy monitoring clinic, to create drug and lab specific provider order sets for prescribing and lab monitoring, and ultimately to ensure safe and effective treatment of the veterans we serve...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Priya Sahadeo, Robert J Weber
On March 28, 2014, The United States Pharmacopeia and The National Formulary (USP-NF) published USP General Chapter <800> Hazardous Drugs-Handling in Healthcare Settings, as open for public comment in the USP Pharmacopeial Forum (PF) 40(3). Pharmacy directors must be proactive in understanding the impact that USP <800> will have on their processes for preparing sterile products. USP General Chapter <797> pertains to the compounding of both hazardous and nonhazardous drugs. USP <800> serves as a new standard to guide the handling of hazardous drugs in order to protect patients, health care personnel, and the environment...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
Jeffrey S Reichard, Scott Savage, Stephen F Eckel
PURPOSE: A transitions of care program at an academic teaching hospital was designed to reengineer the fragmented discharge process. The team included a pharmacy technician, called a transition specialist, who coordinated the medication needs of discharging patients. This study intends to assess the impact of the transitions of care program on patient satisfaction scores. METHODS: Two datasets of Press Ganey and Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers (HCAHPS) were analyzed...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
Monique Mounce, Candace Essel, Tiffany Kim, Che Matthew Harris
BACKGROUND: Supratherapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) in patients on warfarin is a common side effect. Updated guidelines recommend against using vitamin K to correct INRs 4.5 to 10 in the absence of bleeding. The impact of compliance with updated guidelines during hospitalization has not been fully explored. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was performed utilizing electronic medical records. The goal was to evaluate management of supratherapeutic INR values for medicine inpatients and identify differences in clinical outcomes among inpatients treated and not treated with vitamin K...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
Keiko Kishimoto, Akiko Hasaka, Katsunori Yamaura, Noriko Fukushima
 Pharmacy is required to shift toward human service such as hearing the complaints of health. But the study about help-seeking behavior to pharmacist is not really investigated. We hypothesized that a decrease in expression visibility, due to pharmacists' typical masks, may negatively impact help-seeker' trust in pharmacist. The sample included 100 drugstore customers aged ≥18 years. Participants were stratified by gender and randomly assigned to two groups: evaluation of clear-masked and normal-masked pharmacists...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Katelyn M Steele, Janelle F Ruisinger, Jessica Bates, Emily S Prohaska, Brittany L Melton, Stephanie Hipp
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of pharmacist-conducted, home-based comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) on drug therapy problems (DTPs) in geriatric patients. DESIGN: Pre-/postintervention study. SETTING: Grocery store chain affiliated with three independent living facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five older adults using pharmacy delivery services for at least three chronic medications. INTERVENTION: A pharmacist conducted a home-based CMR for each participant...
2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Diana Malaeb, Souheil Hallit, Pascale Salameh
Vitamin D inadequacy, frequently underdiagnosed, affects people of all age groups worldwide. This prospective study aims at determining the percentage of inadequate vitamin D levels among students and evaluating the impact of pharmacist counseling on raising the awareness of the importance of sun exposure and adequate vitamin D intake. A total of 160 university students were recruited. Blood samples were taken to check the vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorous levels. Vitamin D levels ⩽30ng/mL were defined as inadequate...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, M Taitel, J Rubin, I Jacinto, R Horta, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Improving influenza vaccination coverage has been, and still remains a challenge internationally. There are now many examples where countries have pursued a pharmacist-led influenza vaccination service in order to enhance vaccination coverage of at-risk populations. England, Portugal and the United States are successful examples where their experience implementing this service can now be explored retrospectively and learnt from. This review aims to provide evidence to help overcome barriers to commissioning and implementation of such services in countries new to the experience...
October 4, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Seasonal influenza is a major cause of excess winter deaths and increased hospital admissions. There is a high level of economic burden associated with the infection. Although vaccination targets have been set to tackle this international issue, many countries struggle to reach these coverage targets for their at-risk populations using traditional delivery methods. Traditional providers include family doctors and nurses; however, pharmacist-led influenza vaccination has become a more commonly utilised aid to support vaccination targets...
October 4, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Lisa M Potter, Eric M Tichy, Timothy A Horwedel, Michael A Shullo, Christopher R Ensor, Nicole A Pilch, Adam B Cochrane, Angela Q Maldonado
The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists' Pharmacy Practice Model Initiative (PPMI) aims to develop and disseminate pharmacy practice models that optimize the use of pharmacists as direct care providers.(1) In their commentary, Jacobi and colleagues highlight opportunities and challenges presented through the PPMI, and draw attention to potential negative consequences for clinical pharmacy specialists.(2) We present the transplant specialist perspective. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
October 7, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
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