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GERD and sleeve gastrectomy

Tuure Saarinen, Ulla Kettunen, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Anne Juuti
BACKGROUND: Consensus on the necessity of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) before bariatric surgery is lacking. Recommendations and practices vary by country and unit. Several reports have expressed concerns on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its consequences after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and the risk of leaving a premalignant lesion in the excluded stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). OBJECTIVES: We explored the number and types of clinically significant findings in preoperative EGDs and how they associate with preexisting GERD-symptoms (SG) and premalignant lesions (RYGB)...
February 14, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Fu-Gang Wang, Zhao-Peng Yu, Wen-Mao Yan, Ming Yan, Mao-Min Song
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass is a newly emerged surgical procedure in recent years. Owe to safe and simple process and effective outcomes, laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass has quickly become one of the most popular procedures in some countries. The safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass versus laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy remain unclear. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library from inception to May 20, 2017...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andrea Balla, Silvia Quaresima, Pietro Ursi, Ardit Seitaj, Livia Palmieri, Danilo Badiali, Alessandro M Paganini
Introduction: In obese patients with hiatal hernia (HH), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) with cruroplasty is an option but use of prosthetic mesh crura reinforcement is debated. The aim was to compare the results of hiatal closure with or without mesh buttressing during LSG. Methods: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was assessed by the Health-Related Quality of Life (GERD-HRQL) questionnaire before and after surgery in two consecutive series of patients with esophageal hiatus ≤ 4 cm2 ...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Yao Wang, Xiao-Yan Yi, Li-Lin Gong, Qi-Fu Li, Jun Zhang, Zhi-Hong Wang
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to compare the influence of different calibrating bougie sizes on clinical outcomes in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for patients with obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed using the key words: "laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy", "bougie size", "calibration", "obesity", and "obese" for searches of electronic databases up to October 2017. Clinical characteristics such as, the percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL), overall complications, gastrointestinal leaks, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) were pooled by meta-analysis...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Philip Le Page, David Martin, Craig Taylor, Jennifer Wang, Himanshu Wadhawan, Gregory Falk, Simon C Gibson
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has gained popularity as a treatment of choice for morbid obesity and associated comorbidities. There has been a concern about new onset or worsening of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) following LSG. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of surgically treating hiatal weakness on GERD symptoms in patients undergoing LSG. SETTING: Single tertiary referral institution, Sydney, Australia...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
Germán Viscido, Verónica Gorodner, Franco Signorini, Luciano Navarro, Lucio Obeide, Federico Moser
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has shown excellent results in terms of weight loss and resolution of comorbidities. Despite that, the effect of LSG on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is still a controversial topic. Our objective was to evaluate the presence of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, erosive esophagitis (EE), and hiatal hernia (HH) in obese patients undergoing LSG. METHODS: Prospective observational study. LSG patients were studied before and at 18-month follow-up...
January 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Filiz Akyüz, Özlem Mutluay Soyer
Although the pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains unclear, it is accepted as a multifactorial disease. It is thought that some of the interventions that might cause alterations in the normal gastrointestinal tract anatomy and diseases that affect the lower esophageal sphincter, esophageal clearance, and stomach motility (gastric emptying) might lay a foundation for GERD development. Moreover, it is common knowledge that GERD might cause various extraesophageal symptoms and complications...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Harshit Garg, Sandeep Aggarwal, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Pratyusha Priyadarshini, Ashish Swami, Lokesh Kashyap, Richa Jaiswal
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have addressed the mid to long term impact of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) on weight loss and obesity associated co-morbidities, particularly in Indian population. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of LSG in morbid obesity over 3-7 years follow up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of all patients who underwent LSG between January 2008 and March 2015 and completed their at least 1 year follow up till March 2016 was retrospectively reviewed using a prospectively collected database...
December 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Vitish Singla, Sandeep Aggarwal, Harshit Garg, Lokesh Kashyap, Dilip R Shende, Samagra Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Super obese patients remain a challenge for management because of large liver size resulting in decreased work space and associated comorbidities. OBJECTIVES: To study outcomes in super obese patients undergoing Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). METHODS: Retrospective data of 123 patients undergoing LSG from January 2008 to March 2015 were analyzed prospectively. RESULTS: Mean age and body mass index (BMI) of 123 patients (± 2 standard deviation [SD]) were 39...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Saad Althuwaini, Fahad Bamehriz, Abdullah Aldohayan, Waleed Alshammari, Saleh Alhaidar, Mazen Alotaibi, Abdullah Alanazi, Hossam Alsahabi, Majid Abdularahman Almadi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) might be associated with a new onset or worsening of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We aim to evaluate the prevalence of post-LSG GERD symptoms and its predictors. METHODS: We included patients who underwent primary LSG at a university hospital from 2009 to 2015. We used the GERD-Health-Related Quality of Life (GERD-HRQL) questionnaire and included questions regarding regurgitation to evaluate symptoms before and after LSG; each item was scored from 1 to 5 based on the symptom severity...
October 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Muriel Coupaye, Caroline Gorbatchef, Daniela Calabrese, Ouidad Sami, Simon Msika, Benoit Coffin, Séverine Ledoux
BACKGROUND: Evolution of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is controversial. Some authors report worsening or improvement of preoperative GERD, others the occurrence of de novo GERD between 5 and 69%. AIMS: The aims of this study are to evaluate the evolution of GERD after SG by ambulatory 24-h pH monitoring (APM) and to determine pre- and postoperative clinical and manometric factors associated with its evolution. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2015, 47 patients operated in our center performed APM before and 1 year (14...
October 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Marcos A Berry, Lionel Urrutia, Patricio Lamoza, Alfredo Molina, Eduardo Luna, Federico Parra, María J Domínguez, Rodrigo Alonso
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in patients with a BMI between 30 and 35 kg/m(2) plus comorbidities has shown to be safe and effective. The purpose of this study is to describe our outcomes in this group of patients after 3 years of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive analysis of patients with initial BMI between 30 and 35 kg/m(2) plus comorbidities were submitted to LSG between 2006 and 2013. We analyzed gender, age, comorbidities, BMI, total weight loss (%TWL), excess weight loss (%EWL), comorbidity resolution, morbidity, and mortality...
October 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Michael Goldenshluger, Ariela Goldenshluger, Lital Keinan-Boker, Matan Joel Cohen, Tair Ben-Porat, Heba Gerasi, Majd Amun, Mahmud Abu-Gazala, Abed Khalaileh, Yoav Mintz, Ram Elazary
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes, weight loss predictors, and gastrointestinal symptoms of patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). METHODS: The postoperative medical status of the patients was obtained retrospectively using a questionnaire and was compared to existing medical data before the surgery. RESULTS: We included 201 candidates, 178 patients completed mean of 3 years of follow-up. Mean excess body weight loss (%EWL) was 65...
December 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Stefano Olmi, Francesco Caruso, Matteo Uccelli, Stefano Cioffi, Francesca Ciccarese, Giovanni Cesana
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) can be considered an obesity-related disease. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is considered the gold standard for its therapeutic effects on acid reflux. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the effectiveness of combined laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and Rossetti antireflux fundoplication for the treatment of morbidly obese patients with GERD. SETTING: A private academic hospital in Italy...
December 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Gustavo Andrés Arman, J Himpens, R Bolckmans, D Van Compernolle, R Vilallonga, G Leman
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) can be reversed into normal anatomy (NA) or into sleeve gastrectomy (NASG) to address undesired side effects. Concomitant hiatal hernia repair (HHR) may be required. Before reversal, some patients benefit from placement of a gastrostomy, mostly to predict the result of recreating the native anatomy. METHODS: Retrospective study on mid-term effects of RYGB reversal to NA and NASG, including clinical and weight evolution, surgical complications, and incidence of gastro-esophageal reflux (GERD)...
March 2018: Obesity Surgery
Katherine D Gray, Maureen D Moore, Omar Bellorin, Jonathan S Abelson, Gregory Dakin, Rasa Zarnegar, Alfons Pomp, Cheguevara Afaneh
PURPOSE: We sought to assess outcomes of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) vs laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in a cohort of morbidly obese, elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review was conducted of all patients age 60 years or greater undergoing LSG or LRYGB at our institution between 2007 and 2014. RESULTS: A total of 134 patients who underwent LSG (n = 65) or LRYGB (n = 69) were identified. Groups were similar with respect to age (64 years, range 60-75 years), BMI (44...
August 29, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Francisco Igor B Macedo, Mia Mowzoon, Vijay K Mittal, Mubashir Sabir
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) may exacerbate gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients with a hiatal hernia (HH). Surgical repair may be needed, however prior LSG precludes standard HH repair with fundoplication. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our experience with bariatric patients with prior LSG undergoing laparoscopic HH repair from August 2010 to July 2016. Patient demographics and outcomes including mortality, length of stay (LOS), readmission rates, reoperation, and complications were described...
October 2017: Obesity Surgery
T C C Boerlage, Y I Z Acherman, S T Houweling, F Holleman, V E A Gerdes
- Bariatric surgery is performed in patients with a body mass index (BMI) > 40kg/m2, or BMI > 35 kg/m2 with obesity-related comorbidities. The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are the most frequently used procedures.- On average, patients have lost 25-27% of their original weight 10 years after surgery.- Obesity-related comorbidities improve dramatically in many patients following surgery. The effect is most noticeable in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Piotr K Kowalewski, Robert Olszewski, Maciej S Walędziak, Michał R Janik, Andrzej Kwiatkowski, Natalia Gałązka-Świderek, Krzysztof Cichoń, Jakub Brągoszewski, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most popular bariatric procedures. We present our long-term results regarding weight loss, comorbidities, and gastric reflux disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified patients who underwent LSG in our institution between 2006 and 2009. We revised the data, and the patients with outdated contact details were tracked with the national health insurance database and social media (facebook). Each of the identified patients was asked to complete an online or telephone survey covering, among others, their weight and comorbidities...
July 13, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Pankaj Kumar Hans, Wei Guan, Shibo Lin, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is at present the most popular bariatric procedure due to its significant weight loss, remission of co-morbidities, and acceptable morbidity. But, there are not many studies showing its long term efficacy and safety in Chinese patients. The aim of this study is to give five results of LSG in terms of weight loss, co-morbidity (Type 2 diabetes mellitus) resolution and possible complications from a single center in mainland China...
July 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
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