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Cupping therapy

Michael G Ficklin, Michael P Kowaleski, Kevin A R Kunkel, Jonathan T Suber
A two-year-old, 44 kg dog with a right Helica cementless total hip replacement (THR) was radiographically diagnosed with implant loosening eight months after the index total hip replacement procedure. Subsequent synoviocentesis and synovial fluid culture revealed a methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp infection of the right THR. A one-stage revision using a hybrid BFX cementless acetabular cup and CFX cemented femoral stem was performed. Vancomycin and micro-silver antimicrobial powder impregnated cement were used in the revision...
October 20, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Zhen Wang, Jun-Qiang Chen, Jin-Lu Liu, Lei Tian
Tumor microenvironment (TME) plays an integral part in the biology of cancer, participating in tumor initiation, progression, and response to therapy. Exosome is an important part of TME. Exosomes are small vesicles formed in vesicular bodies with a diameter of 30-100 nm and a classic "cup" or "dish" morphology. They can contain microRNAs, mRNAs, DNA fragments and proteins, which are shuttled from a donor cell to recipient cells. Exosomes secreted from tumor cells are called tumor-derived (TD) exosomes. There is emerging evidence that TD exosomes can construct a fertile environment to support tumor proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion and premetastatic niche preparation...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Mohammad M Zarshenas, Arman Zargaran, Michael Blaschke
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are of major causes of death worldwide. Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are considered as new sources to find preventive and treatment approaches with mostly a historical perspective. Chinese medicine (CM), Persian medicine (PM), Ayurveda and homeopathy are as most popular traditional systems of medicine among various CAM methods. In this survey, we aimed to review most relevant and approved treatment by current investigations on these CAM systems in the field of CVD to present best traditional remedies and treatment approaches...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
John D Hainsworth, F Anthony Greco
BACKGROUND: Molecular cancer classifier assays are being used with increasing frequency to predict tissue of origin and direct site-specific therapy for patients with carcinoma of unknown primary site (CUP). OBJECTIVE: We postulated some CUP patients predicted to have non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by molecular cancer classifier assay may have anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearranged tumors, and benefit from treatment with ALK inhibitors. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed CUP patients who had the 92-gene molecular cancer classifier assay (CancerTYPE ID; bioTheranostics, Inc...
March 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
Gulis Kavadar, Demet Tekdos Demircioğlu, Halil Can, Tuluhan Yunus Emre, Erdinç Civelek, Abdulhalim Senyigit
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has been increasing. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with perceived benefit from CAM methods in back problems. METHODS: The study was conducted on patients who practiced any CAM methods due to complaints of back pain. Social-demographic properties, details of CAM methods employed were questioned. Severity of pain was measured by visual analog scale (VAS); benefits were evaluated by the Likert scale...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Changsop Yang, Eunyoung Lee, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Ojin Kwon, Jun-Hwan Lee
The purpose of this study was to report the current state of Korean medicine (KM) treatment on sports injury by implementing survey with volleyball team medical doctors participating in 2013-2014 season. Six KM doctors completed a questionnaire that includes injury parameters: type, location, situation, and pain scores. We collected 166 injury cases from 94 Korean male and female national volleyball players. Knee (25.9%), low back (13.3%), elbow, and ankle (8.4%) injuries were most common. Joint (41.6%) and muscle (30...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Yu Xiang, Xing Wu, Chuanjian Lu, Kaiyi Wang
Psoriasis is a chronic, proliferative, and inflammatory skin disease which affects around 2-3% of the global population. Current pharmacotherapy is effective, however medication with safe and long-lasting therapeutic effects is needed. Acupuncture for psoriasis is widely used in China as well as other Asian countries, and is gradually becoming accepted globally. To determine the characteristics and advantages of acupuncture treatment for psoriasis, and to improve the clinical outcomes of this disease in the future, this review summarizes literature on acupuncture treatment for psoriasis published between 2009 and 2014...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Peyman Petramfar, S Saeed Mohammadi, Farideh Hosseinzadeh
INTRODUCTION: The syndrome of spontaneous intracranial hypotension has been increasingly diagnosed since its discovery through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is a rare syndrome that is due to the leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from a tear in the dura and can occur at any age, even among adolescents, but is most frequently seen among females in late middle age. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we describe a 32-year-old woman with a two-month history of headaches and occasional nausea and vomiting (N/V)...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Alena Ondrejkovicova, Gabriel Petrovics, Katarína Svitkova, Bibiana Bajtekova, Ondrej Bangha
Acupuncture is one of the branches of Chinese Traditional Medicine dating back almost 5 000 years. The expansion of China's trade and business relations with other Asian countries brought about the spreading of acupuncture in 7th Century. Nowadays, acupuncture is an interdisciplinary clinical field of Medicine dealing with treatment, diagnostics and prevention of mainly functional disorders, algic, allergic and addictive conditions of various etiology, localization and intensity. It draws from the millennia of experience of Oriental Medicine as well as contemporary knowledge of morphology, physiology and neurophysiology...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Yifei Ma, Wei Xu, Ruojing Bai, Yiming Li, Hongyu Yu, Chunshan Yang, Huazheng Shi, Jian Zhang, Jidong Li, Chenguang Wang, Jianru Xiao
PURPOSE: To test the performance of sequential (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in predicting survival after sunitinib therapies in patients with cancer of unknown primary (CUP). METHODS: CUP patients were enrolled for sequential PET/CT scanning for sunitinib and a control group. Univariate and multivariate analysis were applied to test the efficacy of sunitinib therapy in CUP patients. Next, sequential analyses involving PET/CT parameters were performed to identify and validate sensitive PET/CT biomarkers for sunitinib therapy...
September 7, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
S M Abbas Zaidi, S S Jameel, Kehkashan Jafri, Shariq A Khan, Ehsan Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Cupping (Hijamah) therapy is very well documented as a result of several thousand years of clinical experiences in Unani medicine. In this procedure, suction is created by various means either with or without bloodletting. Though this therapy is being widely practiced across the globe for treating many chronic and intractable ailments but many reports reveal its unscientific and improper practices which results in many complications. Therefore to develop standard operative procedures and to propose protocols of cupping therapy in various diseases is the need of hour...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Qian Rong, Min Xu, Qi Dong, Yuli Zhang, Yinglun Li, Gang Ye, Ling Zhao
BACKGROUND: Tinospora sagittata (Oliv.) Gagnep. var. craveniana (S.Y.Hu) Lo (TSG) is a traditional Chinese herb that has been used for the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection and has anti-bacterial and anti-ulcer activity. Our study investigated the bactericidal effects of TSG and its major component, palmatine, against a Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) strain isolated from pig and the standard strain H. pylori SS1 in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: H. pylori was isolated from pig and named H...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Abdullah M N Al Bedah, Mohamed K M Khalil, Paul Posadzki, Imen Sohaibani, Tamer Shaaban Aboushanab, Meshari AlQaed, Gazzaffi I M Ali
BACKGROUND: Wet cupping is a widely used traditional therapy in many countries, which justifies a continuous scientific evaluation of its efficacy and safety. OBJECTIVES: To perform a systematic review to critically evaluate and update the available evidence of wet cupping in traditional and complementary medicine. METHODS: Ten electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2016. Included studies were randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that evaluated wet cupping against any type of control interventions in patients with any clinical condition, as well as healthy individuals...
October 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Min Jeong, Hyung-Joo Kim, Seung-Jae Lim, Young-Wan Moon, Yoon-Soo Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report the short-term outcomes of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) using tantalum augments in patients with severe acetabular bone defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 15 revision THAs performed in 15 patients using tantalum augments between June 2010 and December 2013. Acetabular bone defects were Paprosky type IIIA in 7 hips, type IIIB in 7, and type IV in 1. The causes of revision surgery were aseptic loosening in 12 hips and deep infection in 3...
June 2016: Hip Pelvis
Massih Sedigh-Rahimabadi, Mesbah Shams, Mohammadmehdi Fani, Mahsa Rostami Chijan
BACKGROUND: Gingivitis is among the top general health problems in the world, especially in developing countries. Meanwhile, it may be associated with pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. In a qualitative study, we tried to identify the corresponding terminology to gingivitis in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and to explain its potential mechanisms, treatments, and prevention characteristics. METHODS: In a literature review, 4 modern textbooks and 18 related articles, 2 traditional medical dictionaries and 12 traditional medical and 4 traditional pharmaceutical texts were assessed by a specific method...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mark P Breazzano, Louise A Mawn, Rachel W Kuchtey
PURPOSE: To report a case of presumed idiopathic elevated episcleral venous pressure (EVP) initially requiring medical management. METHODS: We present a case report of a 28-year-old white man presenting with eye redness and soreness as a referral to the glaucoma service. He was diagnosed with idiopathic elevated EVP after systematic workup. RESULTS: Unilateral elevated intraocular pressure was detected along with dilated episcleral vessels, mild cupping of optic nerve head, and blood in Schlemm's canal, yet negative angiographic imaging and hypercoagulable labs...
August 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Jae Young Choi, Chae Wook Huh, Chang Hwa Choi, Jae Il Lee
The extracranial vertebral artery (VA) is vulnerable to dissection and the V3 segment is the most common location for dissection. Dissection accounts for about 2% of all ischemic strokes and can occur after trauma or chiropractic neck maneuvers. We report an extremely rare case of spontaneous extracranial VA dissection presenting with posterior neck hematoma aggravated after cupping therapy, a treatment in traditional Oriental medicine. We treated the patient successfully by endovascular treatment without any complication...
August 1, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Hyun Seung Oh, Eun Joo Kim, Doo Young Kim, Soo Jeong Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of adjuvant mental practice (MP) on affected upper limb function following a stroke using three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis. METHODS: In this AB/BA crossover study, we studied 10 hemiplegic patients who had a stroke within the past 6 months. The patients were randomly allocated to two groups: one group received MP combined with conventional rehabilitation therapy for the first 3 weeks followed by conventional rehabilitation therapy alone for the final 3 weeks; the other group received the same therapy but in reverse order...
June 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
S M Tanner, J S Harvey, J G Garrick
In brief: Plantar fasciitis is a prolonged overuse injury that is potentially incapacitating and causes heel or arch pain. It is common among runners and athletes who participate in jumping sports such as basketball. The onset of pain is insidious, and an athlete may tolerate it for weeks before seeking medical advice. Although few runners can remember a particular moment or event when pain began, plantar fasciitis usually occurs after sudden increases in mileage, frequency of running, or running speed. Combined therapy, including relative rest, Achilles tendon stretching, medication, and heel cups, alleviates the pain in most athletes...
August 1988: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Rachel Myers, Christian Coviello, Philippe Erbs, Johann Foloppe, Cliff Rowe, James Kwan, Calum Crake, Seán Finn, Edward Jackson, Jean-Marc Balloul, Colin Story, Constantin Coussios, Robert Carlisle
Oncolytic viruses (OV) could become the most powerful and selective cancer therapies. However, the limited transport of OV into and throughout tumors following intravenous injection means their clinical administration is often restricted to direct intratumoral dosing. Application of physical stimuli, such as focused ultrasound, offers a means of achieving enhanced mass transport. In particular, shockwaves and microstreaming resulting from the instigation of an ultrasound-induced event known as inertial cavitation can propel OV hundreds of microns...
September 2016: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
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