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Cupping therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101916/perceptions-of-cancer-of-unknown-primary-site-a-national-survey-of-australian-medical-oncologists
#1
Christos S Karapetis, Lisa Guccione, Martin Hn Tattersall, Helen Gooden, Claire M Vajdic, Sylvie Lambert, Monica Robotin, Linda Mileshkin, Penelope Schofield
INTRODUCTION: Despite being the 6(th) cause of cancer death in Australia, cancer of unknown primary (CUP) site remains poorly understood. AIMS: To describe practices relating to the diagnosis, investigation, classification, communication and management of CUP amongst medical oncologists. METHODS: We invited all members of the Medical Oncology Group of Australia to participate in a national, anonymous online survey about CUP. The survey collected data regarding diagnosis acceptance, diagnostic tests, treatment protocols and communication practices around the diagnosis of CUP...
January 19, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101413/significant-and-sustaining-elevation-of-blood-oxygen-induced-by-chinese-cupping-therapy-as-assessed-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#2
Ting Li, Yaoxian Li, Yu Lin, Kai Li
Cupping therapy has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years to relieve muscle pain/tendency/fatigue and to cure or reduce symbols of other diseases. However, its therapeutic effect is sparsely interpreted in the language of modern physiology. To objectively evaluate its therapeutic effect, we focused on dry cupping treatment and utilized near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to assess the concentration change in oxy-hemoglobin ([HbO2]), deoxy-hemoglobin ([Hb]), and blood volume in the course of cupping therapy over 13 volunteers on the infraspinatus muscle, where is usually applied for shoulder pains...
January 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047660/we-de-bra-02-best-in-physics-joint-imaging-therapy-prototype-for-an-in-room-supercompounded-3d-volumetric-ultrasound-image-guidance-system-for-prone-breast-sbrt
#3
T Chiu, Y Zhang, B Hrycushko, B Zhao, R Chopra, S Jiang, X Gu
PURPOSE: SBRT requires both substantial positioning precision and accuracy. However, accurate dose delivery is challenging for prone breast SBRT due to breast deformation, lumpectomy cavity shrinkage and ineffective CT/CBCT on soft tissue. We developed a prototype in-room 3D volumetric ultrasound (US) image guidance system for prone breast SBRT. METHODS: The designed system, set beneath a prone breast board, consists of a customized breast cup, rotational scanning water container, and a portable US scanner...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046935/su-d-206-07-cbct-scatter-correction-based-on-rotating-collimator
#4
G Yu, Y Yin, L Qiang, B Li, Z Feng, P Huang, D Li
PURPOSE: Scatter correction in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has obvious effect on the removal of image noise, the cup artifact and the increase of image contrast. Several methods using a beam blocker for the estimation and subtraction of scatter have been proposed. However, the inconvenience of mechanics and propensity to residual artifacts limited the further evolution of basic and clinical research. Here, we propose a rotating collimator-based approach, in conjunction with reconstruction based on a discrete Radon transform and Tchebichef moments algorithm, to correct scatter-induced artifacts...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010830/anatomical-features-of-the-interscapular-area-where-wet-cupping-therapy-is-done-and-its-possible-relation-to-acupuncture-meridians
#5
REVIEW
Roshanak Ghods, Nasrin Sayfouri, Mohammad Hossein Ayati
Although wet cupping has been a treatment for centuries, its mechanism of action is not well understood. Because the anatomical features of the wet-cupping area might play a role in its mechanism, we focus on the features of the interscapular area in which a common type of wet-cupping therapy (WCT), called Hijamat-e-Aam in Iranian medicine, is usually applied and discuss the possible relation of those features to the acupuncture meridians. We gathered and analyzed data from reliable textbooks on modern medicine with a focus on the anatomical features of the interscapular area, topics related to WTC in Iranian medicine, and acupuncture sources obtained by searching PubMed, Google-Scholar, and Science Direct...
December 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937076/uveitic-glaucoma-long-term-clinical-outcome-and-risk-factors-for-progression
#6
Yael Sharon, Ronit Friling, Moshe Luski, Belén Quizhpe Campoverde, Radgonde Amer, Michal Kramer
PURPOSE: To study the long-term clinical outcomes of uveitic glaucoma and to identify risk factors for progression. METHODS: Retrospective study of uveitic glaucoma patients in two tertiary medical centers in 2003-2015. Patient- and disease-related data was retrieved. Clinical parameters and visual fields measured at predetermined time points were recorded. Outcome measures included maintaining intraocular pressure ≤21 mmHg and preserving visual fields. RESULTS: Included were 34 patients (53 eyes), with a mean follow-up of 7 years...
December 12, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930761/transoral-robotic-surgery-assisted-endoscopy-with-primary-site-detection-and-treatment-in-occult-mucosal-primaries
#7
Kyle M Hatten, Bert W O'Malley, Andres M Bur, Mihir R Patel, Christopher H Rassekh, Jason G Newman, Steven B Cannady, Ara A Chalian, Benjamin L Hodnett, Alexander Lin, John N Lukens, Roger B Cohen, Joshua M Bauml, Kathleen T Montone, Virginia A Livolsi, Gregory S Weinstein
Importance: Management of cervical lymph node metastasis without a known primary tumor is a diagnostic and treatment challenge for head and neck oncologists. Identification of the occult mucosal primary tumor minimizes the morbidity of treatment. Objective: To analyze the role of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in facilitating the identification of a primary tumor site for patients presenting with squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP). In addition, we assessed treatment deintensification by determining the number of patients who did not undergo definitive radiation therapy and chemotherapy...
December 8, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917815/sleep-quality-differs-between-athletes-and-non-athletes
#8
Havva Demirel
PURPOSE: Sufficient sleep or sleep of sufficient quality is essential for the health of children, adolescents and adults, as sleep influences almost all dimensions of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible positive effects of sportsmanship on sleep quality and to assess the possible differences in sleep quality between athletes and non-athletes. METHODS: Sedentary or non-athletes subjects (n=103) and athletes (n=93) participated in this study...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917413/efficacy-of-s-lacosamide-in-preclinical-models-of-cephalic-pain
#9
Aubin Moutal, Nathan Eyde, Edwin Telemi, Ki Duk Park, Jennifer Y Xie, David W Dodick, Frank Porreca, Rajesh Khanna
Migraine is one of the world's most common neurological disorders. Current acute migraine treatments have sub-optimal efficacy and new therapeutic options are needed. Approaches targeting calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) signaling are clinically effective but small molecule antagonists have not been advanced due to toxicity. In this study, we explored the axonal growth/specification collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2) as a novel "druggable" target for inhibiting CGRP release and for potential relevance for treatment of migraine pain...
June 2016: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904819/an-overview-of-compassionate-use-programs-in-the-european-union-member-states
#10
REVIEW
Gayathri Balasubramanian, Suman Morampudi, Pankdeep Chhabra, Arun Gowda, Behsad Zomorodi
The past decade witnessed rapid development of novel drugs and therapeutic biological agents. The marketing authorization for novel therapies is often time consuming and distressing for patients. Earlier clinical trials were the only way to access new drugs under development. However, not every patient meets the enrolment criteria, and participation is difficult for patients with life-threatening, long-lasting or seriously debilitating diseases like rare diseases. Early access programs like "Compassionate Use Program (CUP)" have generated alternative channels for such patients...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900363/integration-of-genomics-and-histology-revises-diagnosis-and-enables-effective-therapy-of-refractory-cancer-of-unknown-primary-with-pdl1-amplification
#11
Stefan Gröschel, Martin Bommer, Barbara Hutter, Jan Budczies, David Bonekamp, Christoph Heining, Peter Horak, Martina Fröhlich, Sebastian Uhrig, Daniel Hübschmann, Christina Geörg, Daniela Richter, Nicole Pfarr, Katrin Pfütze, Stephan Wolf, Peter Schirmacher, Dirk Jäger, Christof von Kalle, Benedikt Brors, Hanno Glimm, Wilko Weichert, Albrecht Stenzinger, Stefan Fröhling
Identification of the tissue of origin in cancer of unknown primary (CUP) poses a diagnostic challenge and is critical for directing site-specific therapy. Currently, clinical decision-making in patients with CUP primarily relies on histopathology and clinical features. Comprehensive molecular profiling has the potential to contribute to diagnostic categorization and, most importantly, guide CUP therapy through identification of actionable lesions. We here report the case of an advanced-stage malignancy initially mimicking poorly differentiated soft-tissue sarcoma that did not respond to multiagent chemotherapy...
November 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898065/diagnosis-improved-diagnosis-therapy-and-outcomes-for-patients-with-cup
#12
F Anthony Greco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853272/efficacy-of-cupping-therapy-in-patients-with-the-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#13
Romy Lauche, Julia Spitzer, Barbara Schwahn, Thomas Ostermann, Kathrin Bernardy, Holger Cramer, Gustav Dobos, Jost Langhorst
This study aimed to test the efficacy of cupping therapy to improve symptoms and quality of life in patients diagnosed with the fibromyalgia syndrome. Participants were randomly assigned to cupping therapy, sham or usual care. Cupping was administered five times at twice weekly intervals on the upper and lower back. The primary outcome measure was pain intensity at day 18. Secondary outcomes included functional disability, quality of life, fatigue and sleep quality as well as pressure pain sensitivity, satisfaction and safety at day 18 and 6 months...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831504/industry-corner-perspectives-and-controversies
#14
C-N Gann, N Morsli, R Kaiser
The pathway for accessing new therapies can be lengthy. Once a drug is approved, reimbursement must be agreed at a national, regional and, sometimes, local level, before becoming accessible to the majority of patients, resulting in staggered patient access to a new therapy. Health technology assessments (HTAs) have become important to determine patients' access to innovative oncology medicines. In addition to HTAs, there are several initiatives that aim to provide harmonised standards for evaluating the value of cancer treatment regimens...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824638/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#15
Jennifer Lucarelli, Demetra Pappas, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
Kendra is a 4-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who presents for follow-up of feeding problems to her pediatric clinician. She is an only child in a family where both parents are scientists. Feeding concerns date to infancy, when she was diagnosed with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) associated with persistent bottle refusal and the acceptance of few pureed foods. At 13 months, milk and peanut allergies were diagnosed. Following a feeding clinic evaluation at 24 months, she was prescribed a soy milk supplement and an H2 blocker...
January 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812692/radiotherapy-characteristics-and-outcomes-for-head-and-neck-carcinoma-of-unknown-primary-vs-t1-base-of-tongue-carcinoma
#16
Ali Hosni, Peter R Dixon, Anupam Rishi, Michael Au, Wei Xu, Yuyao Song, Douglas B Chepeha, David P Goldstein, Shao Hui Huang, John Kim, Brian O'Sullivan, John Waldron, Scott V Bratman, John R de Almeida
Importance: Transoral robotic surgery- or transoral laser microsurgery-assisted lingual tonsillectomy may improve the identification rate of hidden base-of-tongue (BOT) carcinoma presenting as head or neck carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) site. Objective: To evaluate the potential impact of lingual tonsillectomy in CUP site by comparing differences in radiotherapy volumes, dosimetry, and clinical outcomes for CUP site and T1-category BOT carcinoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective study of 115 patients treated at a tertiary cancer center between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2013, that included patients with BOT carcinoma (category T1N1-3M0) and CUP site (category T0N1-3M0) with known p16 status...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807690/inpatient-treatment-effect-and-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-characteristics-of-motor-vehicle-collision-injuries-in-a-traditional-korean-medicine-hospital-retrospective-chart-review
#17
Min-Yeong Song, Hee-Guen Jo, Jae-Uk Sul, Seong-Tae Kim, Kil-Joon Bae, Tae-Gwang Kim, Jae-Hong Kim, Jin-Bong Choi
OBJECTIVES: To examine the changes in pain, disability, and quality of life in motor vehicle collision injury (MVCI) patients after treatment with traditional Korean medicine (TKM), and to investigate the psychological characteristics of these patients. METHODS: Forty-one patients with MVCI were treated with TKM including acupuncture, pharmacopuncture, moxibustion, cupping, herbal medication, chuna manual therapy, and physical therapy. Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale were assessed at admission and discharge...
November 3, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784981/outcomes-of-combined-trabecular-micro-bypass-and-phacoemulsification-in-a-predominantly-hispanic-patient-population
#18
Mark J Gallardo, Richard A Supnet, Jane Ellen Giamporcaro, Dana M Hornbeak
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP) and topical ocular hypotensive medication burden at 12 months postoperatively in a predominantly Hispanic patient population with primary open-angle glaucoma each implanted with one trabecular micro-bypass stent during cataract surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective, consecutive case series. The main objective was to assess reduction of IOP and/or medication burden in all eyes at the 12-month postoperative exam...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784063/a-novel-method-combining-vitreous-aspiration-and-intravitreal-aav2-8-injection-results-in-retina-wide-transduction-in-adult-mice
#19
Romain Da Costa, Carsten Röger, Jasmin Segelken, Maya Barben, Christian Grimm, John Neidhardt
Purpose: Gene therapies to treat eye disorders have been extensively studied in the past 20 years. Frequently, adeno-associated viruses were applied to the subretinal or intravitreal space of the eye to transduce retinal cells with nucleotide sequences of therapeutic potential. In this study we describe a novel intravitreal injection procedure that leads to a reproducible adeno-associated virus (AAV)2/8-mediated transduction of more than 70% of the retina. Methods: Prior to a single intravitreal injection of a enhanced green fluorescent protien (GFP)-expressing viral suspension, we performed an aspiration of vitreous tissue from wild-type C57Bl/6J mice...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776644/hybrid-imaging-for-detection-of-carcinoma-of-unknown-primary-a-preliminary-comparison-trial-of-whole-body-pet-mri-versus-pet-ct
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Verena Ruhlmann, Marcus Ruhlmann, Alexander Bellendorf, Johannes Grueneisen, Lino M Sawicki, Hong Grafe, Michael Forsting, Andreas Bockisch, Lale Umutlu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the diagnostic potential of integrated whole-body [18F]FDG-PET/MRI to [18F]FDG-PET/CT for detection of a potential primary cancer and metastases in patients suspected for cancer of unknown primary (CUP). METHODS: A total of 20 patients (15 male, 5 female, age 53±13 years) suspect for CUP underwent a dedicated head and neck & whole-body [18F]FDG-PET/CT (Biograph mCT 128, Siemens Healthcare) and a subsequent simultaneous [18F]FDG-PET/MRI examination (Biograph mMR, Siemens Healthcare)...
November 2016: European Journal of Radiology
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