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Ronée E Harvey, Maja C Johnson, Sushant M Ranadive, Michael J Joyner, Brian D Lahr, Virginia M Miller, Jill N Barnes
Central (aortic) blood pressure and aortic pulse wave characteristics are measures of cardiovascular health, predictive of cardiovascular mortality. Previous studies have compared aortic hemodynamics in women who do and do not take menopausal hormone therapy, but characteristics of these parameters following cessation of treatment have not been defined. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to define aortic pulse wave characteristics in postmenopausal women with and without a history of menopausal hormone therapy use...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
Dahima Cintron, Brian D Lahr, Kent R Bailey, Nanette Santoro, Robin Lloyd, JoAnn E Manson, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Lubna Pal, Hugh S Taylor, Whitney Wharton, Fredrick Naftolin, S Mitchell Harman, Virginia M Miller
OBJECTIVE: This study determined whether two different formulations of hormone therapy (HT): oral conjugated equine estrogens (o-CEE; 0.45 mg/d, n = 209), transdermal 17β-estradiol (t-E2; 50 μg/d, n = 201) plus cyclic progesterone (Prometrium, 200 mg) or placebo (PBO, n = 243) affected sleep domains in participants of the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. METHODS: Participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index at baseline and during the intervention at 6, 18, 36, and 48 months...
February 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Kaitlin Siou, Sharon L Walmsley, Kellie E Murphy, Janet Raboud, Mona Loutfy, Mark H Yudin, Michael Silverman, Noor N Ladhani, Lena Serghides
BACKGROUND: In Canada, the majority of HIV-positive pregnant women receive combination antiretroviral therapy that includes a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission. However, protease inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy has been associated with increased rates of preterm, low birth weight, and small for gestational age births. Our previous experimental findings demonstrate that protease inhibitor use during pregnancy is associated with decreased progesterone levels that correlate with fetal growth, and that progesterone supplementation can improve protease inhibitor-induced fetal growth restriction...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Richa Sood, Roger A Warndahl, Darrell R Schroeder, Ravinder J Singh, Deborah J Rhodes, Dietlind Wahner-Roedler, Rebecca S Bahn, Lynne T Shuster
OBJECTIVE: Bioidentical compounded hormone therapy is popular among patients, but providers do not have pharmacokinetic information or dosing guidelines for these preparations. Our objective was to compare the pharmacokinetics of the commonly used compounded preparations with conventional hormonal preparations that are considered bioequivalent in practice. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, blinded, four-arm 16-day clinical trial of forty postmenopausal women assigned to one of three doses of a compounded estrogen cream (Bi-est (80:20); 2...
April 2013: Maturitas
Jamie Kroft, Natalie R Klostermann, Joel R K Moody, Evan Taerk, Wendy Wolfman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and efficacy of a novel regimen of transdermal estrogen and vaginally administered progesterone for treatment of menopausal symptoms. STUDY METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of menopausal patients aged 46-65, using an oestradiol patch and vaginally administered prometrium for at least 1 year. Available transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) measurements of endometrial thickness and endometrial biopsy results after at least 1 year of treatment were collated...
December 2010: Gynecological Endocrinology
Karen A Matthews, Jane F Owens, Kristen Salomon, Kelly F Harris, Sarah L Berga
Epidemiological and psychophysiological data suggest that groups that differ in reproductive hormones and stress responses also differ in risk for cardiovascular disease. To evaluate the effects of hormone therapy on women's cardiovascular responses to laboratory stressors, 89 healthy postmenopausal women were tested twice, before and after exposure for about 8 weeks to one of the five conditions: placebo, Estratab (primarily estrone), Estratab plus Prometrium (micronized progesterone), Estratab plus Provera (synthetic progestin), and Estratest (same estrogen as in Estratab plus methyltestosterone)...
April 2005: Biological Psychology
Keslie S Woods, Rosario Reyna, Ricardo Azziz
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of oral micronized progesterone (OMP) to induce withdrawal bleeding in women suspected of having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) alters circulating androgen levels. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Eight reproductive-aged women with PCOS. INTERVENTION(S): Blood was sampled before (week 0) and weekly after (weeks 1 to 4) the administration of OMP (Prometrium, Solvay Pharmaceuticals, Marietta, GA), 100 mg in the morning and 200 mg before bedtime for 7 days...
June 2002: Fertility and Sterility
J Montplaisir, J Lorrain, R Denesle, D Petit
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate differences between two regimens of estrogen/progestogen replacement therapy on nocturnal sleep in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Twenty-one (21) postmenopausal women were studied. They were randomized into two treatment groups: (1) estrogen (Premarin 0.625 mg) and medroxyprogesterone acetate (Provera 5 mg) (n = 11) or (2) estrogen (Premarin 0.625 mg) and oral micronized progesterone (Prometrium 200 mg) (n = 10)...
January 2001: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
A P Cheung
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acute effects of estradiol-17beta (E(2)) and progesterone (P) on serum levels of insulin, lipids and lipoproteins in estrogen-deficient postmenopausal women, whereby, a direct cause-effect relationship could be established without the influence of lifestyle changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine postmenopausal women were given oral E(2) (Estrace) 2 mg/day for 28 days and oral micronized P (Prometrium) 200 mg/day in the last 14 days of E(2) treatment...
April 28, 2000: Maturitas
H Levine, N Watson
OBJECTIVE: Compare the pharmacokinetics of vaginal progesterone gel (Crinone 8%, 90 mg) with that of oral progesterone (Prometrium, 100 mg). DESIGN: Open-label, randomized, parallel-group protocol. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. PATIENT(S): Twelve healthy postmenopausal women. INTERVENTION(S): Six subjects each were randomized to receive progesterone, which was administered either as 90 mg of progesterone gel (Crinone 8%) given vaginally or 100 mg progesterone in a capsule (Prometrium) given orally...
March 2000: Fertility and Sterility
I Fettes
Many women with migraine, especially those with a history of menstrual migraine, experience an exacerbation as they approach menopause. During this time, the orderly pattern of estrogen and progesterone secretion is lost. The fluctuating and falling levels of estrogen during the perimenopausal years may increase the frequency and severity of migraine. In such women, restoration and stabilization of estrogen levels within the physiologic range are likely to diminish the migraine. Although continuous combined hormone replacement therapy with estrogen and progesterone is becoming increasingly popular for postmenopausal women, many women are still prescribed cyclic replacement initially...
1999: Neurology
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