keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lactate Dehydrogenase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828379/asymmetry-in-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#1
Akihiko Sokai, Kiminobu Tanizawa, Tomohiro Handa, Takeshi Kubo, Seishu Hashimoto, Kohei Ikezoe, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Kensaku Aihara, Yoshio Taguchi, Shigeo Muro, Toru Oga, Sonoko Nagai, Takateru Izumi, Toyohiro Hirai, Kazuo Chin, Michiaki Mishima
Acute exacerbation (AE) of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) results in poor survival. The objective of the present study was to elucidate the impact of asymmetrical ground-glass opacity (GGO) and/or consolidation on outcomes in patients with AE-IPF. The cases of 59 consecutive patients with AE-IPF were retrospectively reviewed. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) at diagnosis of an AE was assessed to determine the disease extent and asymmetry. Asymmetrical AE was defined as a right-to-left ratio of GGO and consolidation ≥2...
April 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828258/the-key-role-of-microtubules-in-hypoxia-preconditioning-induced-nuclear-translocation-of-hif-1%C3%AE-in-rat-cardiomyocytes
#2
Hai Guo, Hong Zheng, Jianjiang Wu, Hai-Ping Ma, Jin Yu, Maimaitili Yiliyaer
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 is involved in the regulation of hypoxic preconditioning in cardiomyocytes. Under hypoxic conditions, HIF-1α accumulates and is translocated to the nucleus, where it forms an active complex with HIF-1β and activates transcription of approximately 60 kinds of hypoxia-adaptive genes. Microtubules are hollow tubular structures in the cell that maintain cellular morphology and that transport substances. This study attempted to clarify the role of microtubule structure in the endonuclear aggregation of HIF-1α following hypoxic preconditioning of cardiomyocytes...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828145/apigenin-alleviates-endotoxin-induced-myocardial-toxicity-by-modulating-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-autophagy
#3
Fang Li, Fangfang Lang, Huilin Zhang, Liangdong Xu, Yidan Wang, Chunxiao Zhai, Enkui Hao
Apigenin, a component in daily diets, demonstrates antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Here, we intended to explore the mechanism of apigenin-mediated endotoxin-induced myocardial injury and its role in the interplay among inflammation, oxidative stress, and autophagy. In our lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced myocardial injury model, apigenin ameliorated cardiac injury (lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK)), cell death (TUNEL staining, DNA fragmentation, and PARP activity), and tissue damage (cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and cardiac myosin light chain-1 (cMLC1)) and improved cardiac function (ejection fraction (EF) and end diastolic left ventricular inner dimension (LVID))...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828078/creatine-kinase-and-lactate-dehydrogenase-responses-after-different-resistance-and-aerobic-exercise-protocols
#4
Gustavo A Callegari, Jefferson S Novaes, Gabriel R Neto, Ingrid Dias, Nuno D Garrido, Caroline Dani
The aim of this study was to investigate the responses of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) after performing different resistance and aerobic exercise protocols. Twelve recreationally trained men (age, 23.2 ± 5.6 years; body mass, 84.3 ± 9.3 kg; body height, 178.9 ± 4.5 cm; and BMI, 26.3 ± 2.3 kg·m2) volunteered to participate in this study. All subjects were randomly assigned to four experimental protocols (crossover): (a) aerobic training at 60% of VO2max, (b) aerobic training at 80% of VO2max, (c) a resistance exercise (RE) session with a bi-set protocol, and (d) an RE session with a multiple sets protocol...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827939/prognostic-factors-of-30-day-survival-of-patients-with-malignant-pleural-effusion
#5
Zulkifli Amin, Stephen Diah Iskandar, Sibli
BACKGROUND: Treatment of malignant pleural effusion (MPE) depends on the 1 month prognosis of patients. Until now, there is no study evaluate factors affecting 1 month survival. AIMS: This study aims to determine the predictors of survival within 1 month. METHODS: Prospective study of 102 patients with MPE. Biochemistry data of pleural fluid, characteristics of tumor, and massiveness of the effusion were analyzed to determine their effect on 30-day survival of the patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827919/cerebellar-molecular-and-cellular-characterization-in-rat-models-of-alzheimer-s-disease-neuroprotective-mechanisms-of-garcinia-biflavonoid-complex
#6
Olayemi Joseph Olajide, Anita Temi Ugbosanmi, Bernard Ufuoma Enaibe, Kehinde Yomi Ogunrinola, Susan Folashade Lewu, Nnaemeka Tobechukwu Asogwa, Tosan Akapa, Aminu Imam, Abdulmumin Ibrahim, Ismail Temitayo Gbadamosi, Emmanuel Olusola Yawson
BACKGROUND: Recent evidences suggest that cerebellar degeneration may be associated with the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, previous reports were mainly observational, lacking substantial characterization of cellular and molecular cerebellar features during AD progression. PURPOSE: This study is aimed at characterizing the cerebellum in rat models of AD and assessing the corresponding neuroprotective mechanisms of Garcinia biflavonoid complex (GBc)...
May 2017: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827516/development-and-assessment-of-normothermic-machine-perfusion-preservation-for-extracorporeal-splitting-of-pig-liver
#7
Zhi-Bin Zhang, Wei Gao, Lei Liu, Yuan Shi, Ning Ma, Zhong-Yang Shen
BACKGROUND Studies have shown that normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) exerts a significant protective role for donations after cardiac death (DCD) livers and verified the effects of NMP in preservation, repair, and preoperative assessment of human donor livers. The objective of this study was to verify the effectiveness and stability of NMP system by splitting pig livers in perfusion preservation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Four healthy Ba-Ma miniature pigs were used. The livers were harvested, and then connected to the NMP system to split the livers...
August 22, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827191/silver-nanoparticles-protect-acetaminophen-induced-acute-hepatotoxicity-a-biochemical-and-histopathological-approach
#8
Mohd Salim Reshi, Chhavi Uthra, Deepa Yadav, Samta Sharma, Asha Singh, Anjali Sharma, Amita Jaswal, Neelu Sinha, Sadhana Shrivastava, Sangeeta Shukla
The present study was premeditated to demonstrate the hepatoprotective effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Rats were treated with three different doses of AgNPs (50, 100 and 150 μg/kg, p.o.) after Acetaminophen (APAP; 2 g/kg, p.o. once only) intoxication. Treatment with AgNPs recouped the levels of serum aspartate amino transaminase (AST), alanine amino transaminase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bilirubin, triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol in dose dependent manner. Significant reduction in lipid peroxidation (LPO) and restoration of reduced glutathione (GSH) was found in liver in AgNPs treated animals...
August 18, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827059/enhanced-aerobic-glycolysis-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells-by-epstein-barr-virus-latent-membrane-protein-1
#9
Wei-Wen Sung, Peir-Rong Chen, Ming-Hui Liao, Jeng-Woei Lee
Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is a principal viral oncoprotein in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated malignancies, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), which acts through regulating tumorigenesis and metabolic reprogramming of cancers. In the presence of oxygen, we demonstrated that glucose consumption, lactate production and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity were significantly increased upon LMP1 expression in NPC cells and in a LMP1 variant derived from NPC patients-transformed BALB/c-3T3 cells...
August 4, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823096/sub-chronic-exposure-to-low-concentration-of-dibutyl-phthalate-affects-anthropometric-parameters-and-markers-of-obesity-in-rats
#10
Khalid Abdul Mjaeed, Habib Ur Rehman, Muhammad Shahbaz Yousaf, Hafsa Zaneb, Imtiaz Rabbani, Sajid Khan Tahir, Muhammad Afzal Rashid
Dibutyl phthalate is an important phthalate ester extensively used in various products like plastics, adhesives, inks, pharmaceuticals, lacquers, varnishes, paper coatings, safety glasses, and cosmetics. The exposure of DBP to "one's health" is therefore inevitable. The present study focuses on elucidating the effect of low doses of DBP on anthropometric parameters and markers of obesity in rats in a 13-week study. A total of 48 rats were divided into three treatment groups as mg DBP/kg body weight per day: (a) 0 mg/kg (control), (b) 10 mg/kg (DBP-10), and (c) 50 mg/kg (DBP-50)...
August 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822855/tetrandrine-cardioprotection-in-ischemia-reperfusion-i-r-injury-via-jak3-stat3-hexokinase-ii
#11
Tie-Jun Zhang, Rui-Xia Guo, Xia Li, Yan-Wei Wang, Yong-Jun Li
Tetrandrine(TET), a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid has been used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. This study was to investigate whether tetrandrine exerts cardioprotection in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and the mechanisms involved. The cardioprotection effect and mechanisms of tetrandrine was evaluated by I/R injury cardiac cell model. Hexokinase II (HKII) is the critical regulators of mitochondrial dysfunction in cardiac I/R injury and it participate in the regulation of glycolysis and energy metabolism...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822783/the-expression-induction-and-pharmacological-activity-of-cyp1a2-are-post-transcriptionally-regulated-by-microrna-hsa-mir-132-5p
#12
Yinting Chen, Linjuan Zeng, Yong Wang, William H Tolleson, Bridgett Knox, Si Chen, Zhen Ren, Lei Guo, Nan Mei, Feng Qian, Kaihong Huang, David Liu, Weida Tong, Dianke Yu, Baitang Ning
Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) is one of the most abundant and important drug metabolizing enzymes in human liver. However, little is known about the post-transcriptional regulation of CYP1A2, especially the mechanisms involving microRNAs (miRNAs). This study applied a systematic approach to investigate the post-transcriptional regulation of CYP1A2 by miRNAs. Candidate miRNAs targeting the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of CYP1A2 were screened in silico, resulting in the selection of sixty-two potential miRNAs for further analysis...
August 16, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822229/vasculogenesis-and-angiogenesis-initiation-under-normoxic-conditions-through-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-gliomas
#13
Alexandre Vallée, Rémy Guillevin, Jean-Noël Vallée
The canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway is up-regulated in gliomas and involved in proliferation, invasion, apoptosis, vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Nuclear β-catenin accumulation correlates with malignancy. Hypoxia activates hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α by inhibiting HIF-1α prolyl hydroxylation, which promotes glycolytic energy metabolism, vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, whereas HIF-1α is degraded by the HIF prolyl hydroxylase under normoxic conditions. We focus this review on the links between the activated Wnt/β-catenin pathway and the mechanisms underlying vasculogenesis and angiogenesis through HIF-1α under normoxic conditions in gliomas...
August 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821380/unique-transcriptional-profile-of-native-persisters-in-escherichia-coli
#14
Shinya Matsumoto, Yuto Kawai, Satoshi Miyagawa, Yuka Iwamoto, Shujiro Okuda, Alicia Sánchez-Gorostiaga, Miguel Vicente, Satoshi Tsuneda
Non-dividing persisters, bacteria that can survive in the presence of antibiotics by pausing their metabolic activity, are among the many causes of the refractory nature of bacterial infections. Here we constructed a recombinant Escherichia coli strain that enables to distinguish non-dividing from dividing cell based on Z-ring during cell division. Then, non-dividing cells and dividing cells were successfully separated using a fluorescence activated cell sorter. The sorted non-dividing cells showed significantly higher tolerance toward ofloxacin than dividing cells, which indicates that persisters were concentrated with the methodology...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820500/odorous-compounds-from-poultry-manure-induce-dna-damage-nuclear-changes-and-decrease-cell-membrane-integrity-in-chicken-liver-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#15
Adriana Nowak, Tadeusz Bakuła, Katarzyna Matusiak, Remigiusz Gałęcki, Sebastian Borowski, Beata Gutarowska
Animal breeding and management of organic wastes pose a serious problem to the health of livestock and workers, as well as the nearby residents. The aim of the present study was to determine the mechanisms of toxicity of selected common odorous compounds from poultry manure, including ammonia, dimethylamine (DMA), trimethylamine (TMA), butyric acid, phenol, and indole. We measured their genotoxic and cytotoxic activity in the model chicken cell line (LMH), in vitro, by comet assay and lactate dehydrogenase assay, respectively...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819569/a-study-on-il8rb-gene-polymorphism-as-a-potential-immuno-compromised-adherent-in-exaggeration-of-parenteral-and-mammo-crine-oxidative-stress-during-mastitis-in-buffalo
#16
S M El Nahas, A H El Kasas, A A Abou Mossallem, M I Abdelhamid, Mohamad Warda
The genetic markers in inflammatory responses during mastitis afford a reasonable way for improving milk production in the Egyptian buffalo breed. Among them is the interleukin 8 Receptor Gene (IL8RB) (CXCR2); a chemokine receptor gene augments the neutrophil migration during infection. To understand its role better during mastitis in Egyptian buffalos, twenty-five dairy animals representing the normal, sub-clinically, clinically and chronically affected buffalos were randomly selected from different districts...
November 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819543/diosmin-attenuates-methotrexate-induced-hepatic-renal-and-cardiac-injury-a-biochemical-and-histopathological-study-in-mice
#17
Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Hesham A Khalifa, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Mohamed A Dkhil, Saleh A Al-Quraishy
The current study was designed to investigate the beneficial role of diosmin, a biologically active flavonoid, against methotrexate- (MTX-) induced hepatic, renal, and cardiac injuries in mice. Male Swiss albino mice received a single intraperitoneal injection of MTX (at 20 mg/kg, body weight) either alone or in combination with oral diosmin (at 50 or 100 mg/kg body weight, for 10 days). Serum was used to evaluate tissue injury markers, while hepatic, renal, and cardiac tissue samples were obtained for determination of antioxidant activity as well as histopathological examination...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819257/cytolytic-dna-vaccine-encoding-lytic-perforin-augments-the-maturation-of-and-antigen-presentation-by-dendritic-cells-in-a-time-dependent-manner
#18
Danushka K Wijesundara, Wenbo Yu, Ben J C Quah, Preethi Eldi, John D Hayball, Kerrilyn R Diener, Ilia Voskoboinik, Eric J Gowans, Branka Grubor-Bauk
The use of cost-effective vaccines capable of inducing robust CD8(+) T cell immunity will contribute significantly towards the elimination of persistent viral infections and cancers worldwide. We have previously reported that a cytolytic DNA vaccine encoding an immunogen and a truncated mouse perforin (PRF) protein significantly augments anti-viral T cell (including CD8(+) T cell) immunity. Thus, the current study investigated whether this vaccine enhances activation of dendritic cells (DCs) resulting in greater priming of CD8(+) T cell immunity...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818664/lactate-dehydrogenase-a-is-indispensable-for-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-and-migration
#19
Ji-Hyun Kim, Kwi-Hyun Bae, Jun-Kyu Byun, Sungwoo Lee, Jung-Guk Kim, In Kyu Lee, Gwon-Soo Jung, You Mie Lee, Keun-Gyu Park
The proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Increased aerobic glycolysis is a key feature of cellular phenotypes including cancer and immune cells. However, the role of aerobic glycolysis in the atherogenic phenotype of VSMCs remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the role of lactate dehydrogenase-A (LDHA), which is a key enzyme for glycolysis, in the proliferation and migration of VSMCs. Activation of primary rat VSMCs with fetal bovine serum (FBS) or platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) increased their proliferation and migration, glycolytic activity, and expression of LDHA...
August 14, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817823/comparison-of-renal-outcome-among-japanese-patients-with-or-without-microangiopathic-hemolysis-in-malignant-phase-hypertension-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#20
Yoshikuni Nagayama, Yoshihiko Inoue, Kiyoko Inui, Ashio Yoshimura
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although microangiopathic hemolysis (MAH) is a well-known complication of malignant phase hypertension (MPH), only less data on whether MAH in MPH predicts renal outcome exist. Therefore, we evaluated whether MAH was associated with the renal outcome in patients with MPH. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective, cohort study. Data from 35 patients diagnosed with MPH between October 1998 and January 2015 were analyzed. MPH was defined as the presence of a diastolic blood pressure of ≥120 mm Hg and grades III/IV hypertensive retinopathy according to the Keith-Wagener-Barker classification...
August 18, 2017: Nephron
keyword
keyword
113425
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"