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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730339/breast-cancer-neoplastic-seeding-in-the-setting-of-image-guided-needle-biopsies-of-the-breast
#1
REVIEW
Lumarie Santiago, Beatriz E Adrada, Monica L Huang, Wei Wei, Rosalind P Candelaria
PURPOSE: To identify clinicopathologic, technical, and imaging features associated with neoplastic seeding (NS) following image-guided needle breast biopsy. METHODS: We performed an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of patients presenting with a new diagnosis of breast cancer or suspicious breast findings requiring biopsy with subsequent diagnosis of NS. The time from biopsy to NS diagnosis was calculated. Histology, grade, estrogen receptor (ER) status, progesterone receptor (PR) status, HER2 status, T category, and N category were recorded...
July 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726491/interview-with-thomas-powles-the-use-of-durvalumab-in-urothelial-cancer-the-latest-strides-in-immuno-oncology
#2
Thomas Powles
Thomas Powles speaks to Sebastian Dennis-Beron, Commissioning Editor: Dr. Thomas Powles is a clinical professor of genitourinary oncology and the lead for solid tumor research at Barts Cancer Institute in London. His main research interests are in genital and urinary cancers, in which he leads a spectrum of clinical studies from Phase I to randomized Phase III investigating novel targeted and immune therapies. His research also focuses on correlation of novel biomarkers and aims to define markers with prognostic value that may predict response or resistance to therapy...
July 20, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726081/psoas-muscle-volume-as-a-predictor-of-peripheral-neurotoxicity-induced-by-primary-chemotherapy-in-ovarian-cancers
#3
Tomoyuki Yoshikawa, Masashi Takano, Morikazu Miyamoto, Isao Yajima, Yukihiro Shimizu, Yusuke Aizawa, Yuki Suguchi, Miki Moriiwa, Tadashi Aoyama, Hiroaki Soyama, Tomoko Goto, Junko Hirata, Ayako Suzuki, Hidenori Sasa, Isao Nagaoka, Hitoshi Tsuda, Kenichi Furuya
PURPOSE: Low skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia) has been reported to have an influence on survival and toxicities of chemotherapy in several solid tumors. The impact of sarcopenia on the treatment of ovarian cancers has not been determined. The present study aimed to evaluate correlation between sarcopenia and toxicities of chemotherapy in ovarian cancers. METHODS: Medical charts of the ovarian cancer patients that received chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin at our hospital between 2010 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726002/ultrasound-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-using-a-new-electrode-with-an-electromagnetic-position-sensor-for-hepatic-tumors-difficult-to-place-an-electrode-a-preliminary-clinical-study
#4
Tae Wook Kang, Min Woo Lee, Kyoung Doo Song, Hyunchul Rhim, Hyo Keun Lim, Wonseok Kang, Kyunga Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether a new electrode embedded with an electromagnetic position sensor (EMPS) improves the technical feasibility of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in patients with hepatic tumors difficult to place an electrode under ultrasonography (US) guidance and to assess short-term therapeutic efficacy and safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients...
July 19, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725514/gamma-knife-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-grade-2-meningiomas
#5
Tamer Refaat, Michelle Gentile, Sean Sachdev, Prarthana Dalal, Anish Butala, Stanley Gutiontov, Irene Helenowksi, Plato Lee, Vythialinga Sathiaseelan, Orin Bloch, James Chandler, John A Kalapurakal
Purpose  This study aims to report long-term clinical outcomes after Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for intracranial grade 2 meningiomas. Methods  In this Institutional Review Board approved study, we reviewed records of all patients with grade 2 meningiomas treated with GKRS between 1998 and 2014. Results  A total of 97 postoperative histopathologically confirmed grade 2 meningiomas in 75 patients were treated and are included in this study. After a mean follow-up of 41 months, 28 meningiomas had local recurrence (29...
August 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721896/prognostic-importance-of-the-site-of-recurrence-in-patients-with-metastatic-recurrent-cervical-cancer
#6
Tae Hun Kim, Moon-Hong Kim, Beob-Jong Kim, Sang-Il Park, Sang-Young Ryu, Chul-Koo Cho
PURPOSE: The clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with metastatic recurrent cervical cancer remain poorly understood. The goals of the present study were to investigate the survival outcomes according to the recurrence site in a large cohort of cervical cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Of 1322 patients with primary cervical cancer from 2000 to 2013, 205 with recurrence after primary or adjuvant postoperative radiation were enrolled retrospectively...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721889/clinical-outcomes-of-large-brain-metastases-treated-with-neurosurgical-resection-and-intraoperative-cesium-131-brachytherapy-results-of-a-prospective-trial
#7
A Gabriella Wernicke, Cole B Hirschfeld, Andrew W Smith, Shoshana Taube, Menachem Z Yondorf, Bhupesh Parashar, Lucy Nedialkova, Fridon Kulidzhanov, Samuel Trichter, Albert Sabbas, Rohan Ramakrishna, Susan Pannullo, Theodore H Schwartz
PURPOSE: Studies on adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery to the cavity of resected brain metastases have suggested that larger tumors (>2.0 cm) have greater rates of recurrence and radionecrosis (RN). The present study assessed the effect of permanent low-dose (131)Cs brachytherapy on local control and RN in patients treated for large brain metastases. METHODS AND MATERIALS: After institutional review board approval, 42 patients with 46 metastases ≥2.0 cm in preoperative diameter were accrued to a prospective trial from 2010 to 2015...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718304/the-role-of-surgery-in-low-grade-gliomas-do-timing-and-extent-of-resection-matter
#8
Hugues Duffau
Hugues Duffau is a Professor and Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department in the Montpellier University Medical Center and Head of the INSERM 1051 Team "plasticity of the central nervous system, human stem cells and glial tumors" at the Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (France). He is an expert in the awake cognitive neurosurgery of slow-growing brain tumors, such as low-grade gliomas, a routine which he has developed since 20 years. His fundamental approach is centered on the concepts of the brain connectomics and neuroplasticity, breaking with the traditional localizationist view of cerebral processing...
July 18, 2017: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717766/practice-and-impact-of-multidisciplinary-tumor-boards-on-patient-management-a-prospective-study
#9
Raghid N Charara, Firas Y Kreidieh, Rania A Farhat, Karine A Al-Feghali, Katia E Khoury, Ali Haydar, Lara Nassar, Ghina Berjawi, Ali Shamseddine, Nagi S El Saghir
PURPOSE: Multidisciplinary tumor boards (MTBs) have become commonplace. The use, attendance, and function of MTBs need continued assessment and improvement. METHODS: We prospectively recorded and assessed all cases presented at MTBs between October 2013 and December 2014. Data were collected before and during each MTB. Data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows version 23 (SPSS, Chicago, IL). RESULTS: Five hundred three cases were presented: 234 cases (46%) at GI cancer MTBs, 149 cases (29...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717738/collaborative-pediatric-bone-tumor-program-to-improve-access-to-specialized-care-an-initiative-by-the-lebanese-children-s-oncology-group
#10
Raya Saab, Zeina Merabi, Miguel R Abboud, Samar Muwakkit, Peter Noun, Gladys Gemayel, Elie Bechara, Hassan Khalifeh, Roula Farah, Nabil Kabbara, Tarek El-Khoury, Rasha Al-Yousef, Rachid Haidar, Said Saghieh, Toufic Eid, Samir Akel, Nabil Khoury, Layal Bayram, Matthew J Krasin, Sima Jeha, Hassan El-Solh
BACKGROUND: Children with malignant bone tumors have average 5-year survival rates of 60% to 70% with current multimodality therapy. Local control modalities aimed at preserving function greatly influence the quality of life of long-term survivors. In developing countries, the limited availability of multidisciplinary care and limited expertise in specialized surgery and pediatric radiation therapy, as well as financial cost, all form barriers to achieving optimal outcomes in this population...
February 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708462/heterogeneous-enhancement-patterns-of-tumor-adjacent-parenchyma-at-mr-imaging-are-associated-with-dysregulated-signaling-pathways-and-poor-survival-in-breast-cancer
#11
Jia Wu, Bailiang Li, Xiaoli Sun, Guohong Cao, Daniel L Rubin, Sandy Napel, Debra M Ikeda, Allison W Kurian, Ruijiang Li
Purpose To identify the molecular basis of quantitative imaging characteristics of tumor-adjacent parenchyma at dynamic contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to evaluate their prognostic value in breast cancer. Materials and Methods In this institutional review board-approved, HIPAA-compliant study, 10 quantitative imaging features depicting tumor-adjacent parenchymal enhancement patterns were extracted and screened for prognostic features in a discovery cohort of 60 patients. By using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), a radiogenomic map for the tumor-adjacent parenchymal tissue was created and molecular pathways associated with prognostic parenchymal imaging features were identified...
July 14, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703115/incidental-diagnosis-of-the-tall-cell-variant-of-the-papillary-microcarcinoma-of-the-thyroid-gland-requires-completion-lymphadenectomy-case-report
#12
I Bartella, F Meyer, K Frauenschläger, K Reschke, Th Wallbaum, B Buth, C Bruns, C Chiapponi
Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common neoplasm of the thyroid gland which is usually associated with a very good prognosis. The aim of this case report is to present the disease course of a rare tumor of the thyroid gland, which is worthwhile due to its extraordinary appearance and specific management. A 46-year-old patient presented with a pronounced right-sided, but bilateral, multinodular goiter, with a volume of approximately 80 mL, as assessed on ultrasonography. Surgical removal was indicated as scintigraphy showed a 4-cm cold nodule that almost completely took up the right thyroid lobe...
June 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690773/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-rectal-cancer-no-surgery-minimal-surgery-or-minimally-invasive-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Joseph M Plummer, Pierre-Anthony Leake, Matthew R Albert
Over the last decade, with the acceptance of the need for improvements in the outcome of patients affected with rectal cancer, there has been a significant increase in the literature regarding treatment options available to patients affected by this disease. That treatment related decisions should be made at a high volume multidisciplinary tumor board, after pre-operative rectal magnetic resonance imaging and the importance of total mesorectal excision (TME) are accepted standard of care. More controversial is the emerging role for watchful waiting rather than radical surgery in complete pathologic responders, which may be appropriate in 20% of patients...
June 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689934/single-center-comparison-of-overall-survival-and-toxicities-in-patients-with-infiltrative-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-yttrium-90-radioembolization-or-drug-eluting-embolic-transarterial-chemoembolization
#14
Joseph L McDevitt, Ali Alian, Baljendra Kapoor, Stacy Bennett, Amanjit Gill, Abraham Levitin, Mark Sands, K V Narayanan Menon, Federico N Aucejo, Bassam Estfan, Anil K Pillai, Sanjeeva P Kalva, Gordon McLennan
PURPOSE: To compare overall survival and toxicities after yttrium-90 ((90)Y) radioembolization and chemoembolization with drug-eluting embolics (DEE) in patients with infiltrative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 50 patients with infiltrative HCC without main portal vein invasion who were treated with (90)Y radioembolization (n = 26) or DEE chemoembolization (n = 24) between March 2007 and August 2012 was completed...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688661/use-of-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-alnd-in-patients-with-micrometastatic-breast-cancer
#15
Madison Collins, Cristina O'Donoghue, Weihong Sun, Jun-Min Zhou, Zhenjun Ma, Christine Laronga, Marie Catherine Lee
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is the current prognostic tool for clinically node-negative breast cancer patients. If the SLN reveals macrometastasis, axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is recommended. However, the use of ALND in patients with micrometastasis is debated. The objective of this study was to assess the utilization of ALND in the treatment of micrometastatic breast cancer. METHODS: An IRB approved, retrospective study of a pooled dataset of breast cancer patients with micrometastatic disease on SLN biopsy was performed...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685998/iridociliary-cysts-masquerading-as-neoplasia-in-cats-a-morphologic-review-of-14-cases
#16
Jessica A Fragola, Richard R Dubielzig, Ellison Bentley, Leandro B C Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: To report 14 neoplasia-free feline eyes enucleated for suspected intraocular neoplasia containing only iridociliary cysts. To analyze clinical findings that may have led veterinarians to suspect neoplasia in these globes. PROCEDURES: The archives at the Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin (COPLOW) were searched to identify neoplasia-free feline globes enucleated for suspected neoplasia. Clinical data were obtained from medical records, veterinarian surveys, and COPLOW submission forms...
July 6, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682844/whole-body-68ga-dotanoc-pet-mri-versus-68ga-dotanoc-pet-ct-in-patients-with-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-prospective-study-in-28-patients
#17
Dominik Berzaczy, Chiara Giraudo, Alexander R Haug, Markus Raderer, Daniela Senn, Georgios Karanikas, Michael Weber, Marius E Mayerhoefer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of simultaneous whole-body Ga-DOTANOC PET/MRI compared with Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT for detection of distant metastatic disease in patients with well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). METHODS: Patients with histologically proven, well-differentiated NET (G1 or G2) were included in this prospective, institutional review board-approved study. Patients underwent Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT and subsequent Ga-DOTANOC PET/MRI after a single tracer injection on the same day for staging or restaging purposes...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681437/subharmonic-and-endoscopic-contrast-imaging-of-pancreatic-masses-a-pilot-study
#18
Flemming Forsberg, Maria Stanczak, Andrej Lyshchik, David Loren, Patrick O'Kane, Ali Siddiqui, Thomas E Kowalski, Cynthia Miller, Traci Fox, Ji-Bin Liu, John R Eisenbrey
OBJECTIVES: To use subharmonic imaging (SHI) to depict the vascularity of pancreatic masses compared to contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and pathologic results. METHODS: Sixteen patients scheduled for biopsy of a pancreatic mass were enrolled in an Institutional Review Board-approved study. Pulse-inversion SHI (transmitting/receiving at 2.5/1.25 MHz) was performed on a LOGIQ 9 system (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI) with a 4C transducer, whereas contrast harmonic EUS (transmitting/receiving at 4...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673511/reirradiation-of-the-spine-with-stereotactic-radiosurgery-efficacy-and-toxicity
#19
David Boyce-Fappiano, Erinma Elibe, Bo Zhao, M Salim Siddiqui, Ian Lee, Jack Rock, Samuel Ryu, Farzan Siddiqui
PURPOSE: To determine the potential benefits and adverse effects associated with reirradiating the spinal cord when at least 1 course of radiation therapy (RT) is stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This institutional review board-approved retrospective review included 162 patients (237 reirradiated spine lesions). All patients received SRS at our institution between 2001 and 2013. Electronic medical records were reviewed for clinical exams and radiologic tests (computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging)...
May 25, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673277/impact-of-a-protein-based-assay-that-predicts-prostate-cancer-aggressiveness-on-urologists-recommendations-for-active-treatment-or-active-surveillance-a-randomized-clinical-utility-trial
#20
John W Peabody, Lisa M DeMaria, Diana Tamondong-Lachica, Jhiedon Florentino, M Czarina Acelajado, Othman Ouenes, Jerome P Richie, Trever Burgon
BACKGROUND: Of the more than 1.1 million men diagnosed worldwide annually with prostate cancer, the majority have indolent tumors. Distinguishing between aggressive and indolent cancer is an important clinical challenge. The current approaches for assessing tumor aggressiveness are recognized as insufficient. A validated protein-based assay has been shown to predict tumor aggressiveness from prostate biopsy. The main objective of this study was to measure the clinical utility of this new assay in the management of early-stage prostate cancer...
July 3, 2017: BMC Urology
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