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Hirofumi Kato, Takuya Yamagishi, Tomoe Shimada, Tamano Matsui, Masayuki Shimojima, Masayuki Saijo, Kazunori Oishi
Although severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) was first reported from Japan in 2013, the precise clinical features and the risk factors for SFTS have not been fully investigated in Japan. Ninety-six cases of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) were notified through the national surveillance system between April 2013 and September 2014 in Japan. All cases were from western Japan, and 82 cases (85%) had an onset between April and August. A retrospective observational study of the notified SFTS cases was conducted to identify the clinical features and laboratory findings during the same period...
2016: PloS One
Mukesh Kumar, Jai Thilak, Adnan Zahoor, Arun Jyothi
Aspergillus septic arthritis is a rare and serious medical and surgical problem. It occurs mainly in immunocompromised patients. Aspergillus fumigatus is the most common causative organism followed by Aspergillus flavus. The most common site affected is knee followed by shoulder, ankle, wrist, hip and sacroiliac joint. Debridement and voriconazole are primary treatment of articular aspergilosis. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reported cases of co-infection of tuberculosis (TB) and Aspergillus infecting joints...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Wakana Saito, Yutaka Shishikura, Katsushi Nishimaki, Tadashi Kikuchi, Kan Sasamori, Yoshihiro Kikuchi, Hiroshi Miki
We experienced two cases of pulmonary aspergillosis, which deteriorated during treatment with generic itraconazole (ITCZ) because of low plasma concentration. One case was chronic pulmonary aspergillosis and the other was allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Treatment of both cases was started with a brand-name-ITCZ, and changed to a generic ITCZ. Deterioration of pulmonary aspergillosis occurred after 8 months and 9 months from change to generic ITCZ respectively. In the first case, the ITCZ-plasma concentration was 46...
July 2014: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
N A Khan, S M Sumon, A Rahman, M A Hossain, J Ferdous, M R Bari
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergilosis (ABPA) is immunological pulmonary disease caused by hypersensitivity of aspergillus fumigatus usually occurs in patients with chronic asthma, cystic fibrosis and bronchiactasis. This disease may present with divers radiological presentation like; fleeting pulmonary opacities, bronchiactasis, mucoid impaction, perihilar opacity (hailer lymphadenopathy), and lung mass or pleural effusion. We describe the case of a 30 year old housewife who presented with progressive dysponea, low grade fever, dry cough, weight loss and miliary nodule in chest radiograph and high-resolution CT (HRCT) in a tertiary level hospital of Bangladesh...
April 2014: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Rosemary A Barnes, Kate Stocking, Sarah Bowden, Matthew H Poynton, P Lewis White
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical utility of enhanced diagnostics on the management of invasive fungal disease in high risk patients within an integrated care pathway and to audit compliance and efficacy of antifungal prophylaxis. METHODS: A cohort of 549 high risk haematology and stem-cell transplant recipients was followed over a 5 year period. The routine standard of care involved the use of antimould prophylaxis and a neutropenic care pathway utilizing twice weekly antigen and PCR testing...
September 2013: Journal of Infection
Dita Paloušová, Martina Lengerová, Pavlína Volfová, Petr Bejdák, Iva Kocmanová, Jiří Mayer, Zdeněk Ráčil
Invasive fungal diseases (IFD) are a life-threatening infectious complications in immunocompromised patients and are associated with high rate of morbidity and mortality. The most common invasive mycosis in patients who underwent an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is invasive aspergilosis (IA), most frequently caused by the clinically dominant species Aspergillus fumigatus and, rarely, also by Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus terreus and Aspergillus niger. In recent years, other related Aspergillus species were also reported to cause IFD, phenotypically similar to A...
August 2012: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
Jeong Eun Ma, Eun Young Yun, You Eun Kim, Gi Dong Lee, Yu Ji Cho, Yi Yeong Jeong, Kyoung-Nyeo Jeon, In Seok Jang, Ho Cheol Kim, Jong Deok Lee, Young Sil Hwang
PURPOSE: A retrospective investigation of the clinical and radiologic features as well as the bronchoscopic appearance was carried out in patients with endobronchial aspergilloma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients with endobronchial aspergilloma diagnosed by bronchoscopy and histological examination were identified at the Gyeongsang University Hospital of Korea, from May 2003 to May 2009. RESULTS: The patients included 9 men and 1 woman, and the age of the patients ranged from 36 to 76 (median, 58 years)...
September 2011: Yonsei Medical Journal
I Kaczmarek, J Bilska, K Osmola, M T Nowaczyk
INTRODUCTION: Mycotic infection of paranasal sinus could be the etiological factor of chronic sinusitis. The increase in number of fungal sinusitis cases have been reported recently among nonimmunocompromised patient after endodontic treatment of maxillary teeth. Nonspecific clinical signs and incorrect radiologic pictures interpretation as well as loss of therapeutic standards seems to be the cause of false negative diagnosis and difficulties in treatment of fungal sinusitis. AIM OF THE STUDY: Clinical and radiological picture of maxillary sinus aspergillosis was described in this paper...
June 2010: Otolaryngologia Polska
Z Muda, H Ibrahim, E J Abdulrahman, B S Menon, Z Zahari, A M Zaleha, A Talib
Invasive aspergillosis predominantly occurs in immunocompromised patients and is often resistant to different therapeutically strategies. However, mortality significantly increases if the central nervous system is affected. In this report we describe two cases of invasive aspergilosis, one with kidney involvement with a successful treatment while the other with pulmonary and cerebral involvement with a grave outcome.
December 2008: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Sofia Ferreira, Júlia Vasconcelos, António Marinho, Fátima Farinha, Isabel Almeida, João Correia, Paulo Barbosa, Teresa Mendonça, Carlos Vasconcelos
BACKGROUND: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory chronic disease characterized by the presence of autoantibodies, immunocomplex production and organ injury. Several alterations of the immune system have been described, namely of CD4 T cells, with particular focus on regulatory subgroup. OBJECTIVE: Quantify peripheral CD4 T cells in a population of patients with SLE and correlate it with lupus activity, affected organs, therapeutics and infections...
April 2009: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Bozena Dworecka-Kaszak
Changing environment is a reason, that many saprotrophic fungi became opportunists and in the end also maybe a pathogenic. Host specific adaptation is not so strong among fungi, so there are many common fungal pathogens for people and for animals. Animals suffering from dermatomycosis are well recognize as source of human superficial mycoses. Breeding of different exotic animals such as parrots, various Reptiles and Amphibians, miniature Rodents and keeping them as a pets in the peoples houses, have become more and more popular in the recent years...
2008: Wiadomości Parazytologiczne
Z Rácil, I Kocmanová, B Wagnerová, J Winterová, M Lengerová, M Moulis, J Mayer
UNLABELLED: PREMISES AND OBJECTIVES: Timely diagnosis is of critical importance for the prognosis of invasive aspergilosis (IA) patients. Over recent years, IA detection of galactomannan using the ELISA method has assumed growing importance. The objective of the study was to analyse the usability of the method in current clinical practice of a hemato-oncological ward. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2003 to October 2006, blood samples were taken from patients at IA risk to detect galactomannan (GM) in serum using the ELISA method...
January 2008: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
E Fric, M Rehák, I Vlcková, S Burval, O Chrapek, J Rehák
The authors present a case report of a patient, in whom after a head injury the monolateral blindness occurred. Because of autoimmune thrombocytopeny the patient was treated with long-term corticosteroids. The clinical findings corresponded with the orbital apex syndrome. According to the results of the CT and MRI examinations, the sphenoidotomy was indicated, and the histological findings verified fragments of paranasal sinuses' aspergiloma. During the next course of the disease, despite antimycotic therapy, the progression of the aspergiloma in to the anterior cranial fossa occurred...
April 2007: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
Amy Kelaher
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised patients. Prompt and non-invasive methods for diagnosing IA are needed to improve the management of this life-threatening infection in patients with hematological disorders. In summary, this retrospective review of studies performed on the two assays finds that both assays have high sensitivity and specificity but are more useful when used together as a diagnostic strategy for patients with invasive aspergillosis...
2006: Clinical Laboratory Science: Journal of the American Society for Medical Technology
M R Burón Fernández, M J Oruezábal Moreno
The micotic aneurisms by Aspergillus are rare and usually appear in the context of an invasive pulmonary aspergilosis, or by septicum embolism or direct extension from the lungs, for that reason the location the more frequents is in aortic arch and the ascending aorta.8 cases of micotic aneurisms by Aspergillus spp. have been described in literature between 1966 and 2000, being the most frequent location the ascending aorta or the aortic arch. The Aspergillus fumigatus is the isolated species with more frequency, affecting mainly to patients undergoing inmunosupression...
September 2005: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
Ramesh Chokhani, Saraswoti Neupane, Ishwar Sharma Kandel
A 24 years old male presented with recurrent symptoms of cough and breathlessness for 6 years but increased in past 6 months. Fleeting radiological opacities, peripheral eosinophilia and central type bronchiectasus in high resolution CT scan gave the suspicion of allergic bronchopolmonary aspergilosis. Confirmation of the diagnosis was done by skin prick and immunological tests. The patient showed an excellent response to oral prednisolone.
December 2004: Nepal Medical College Journal: NMCJ
S Grau Cerrato, J Mateu-de Antonio, J Soto Alvarez, M A Muñoz Jareño, E Salas Sánchez, M Marín-Casino, C Rubio Terrés
OBJECTIVE: Invasive aspergillosis is an infection with high incidence and mortality. Voriconazole is a new antifungal agent that presents a high efficacy against Aspergillus. The aim of this evaluation was to carry out a pharmacoeconomic analysis of the use of voriconazole versus amphotericin B deoxycholate in the treatment of invasive aspergillosis in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis has been performed by building a decision analytical model...
January 2005: Farmacia Hospitalaria
C E Canteros, M C Rivas, M Soria, W Lee, D Perrotta, L Rodero, G Davel
In order to contribute to the knowledge of the relative frequency of chronic fungal diseases and assess the performance of diagnostic laboratories in Argentina, a multicenter study was performed with the participation of 25 medical centers located in 12 different provinces and Buenos Aires City. Between 04-01-2000 and 03-30-2001, 965 serum specimens from patients clinically suspected of having histoplasmosis (HP), paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), coccidioidomycosis (CM) or aspergilosis were analyzed. Agar immunodiffusion tests (IDD) were done locally...
April 2004: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
Guillermo Quindós, María Dolores Moragues, José Pontón
During the last decades, the use of antibody tests for the diagnosis of invasive mycoses has declined as a consequence of the general belief that they are insensitive and non-specific. However, there is a clear evidence that antibodies can be detected in highly immunodeficient patients (such as bone marrow transplant recipients), and that those antibodies are useful for the diagnosis. Antibody tests are currently in use as diagnostic tools for some primary mycoses, such as the endemic mycoses, aspergilloma, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergilosis and sporothrichosis...
March 2004: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
P Tattevin, S Jauréguiberry, J-P Gangneux
INTRODUCTION: The brain is almost always a localization of invasive aspergillosis, after hematogenous spread from pulmonary aspergillosis. Brain aspergilosis is not rare and is one of the worst prognosis factors of invasive aspergillosis. STATE OF ART: The incidence of this severe mycosis is currently on the rise due to the development of major immunosuppressive treatments. Brain aspergillosis is noteworthy for its vascular tropism, leading to infectious cerebral vasculitis, mainly involving thalamoperforating and lenticulostriate arteries, with a high frequency of thalamic or basal nuclei lesions...
May 2004: Revue Neurologique
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