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propofol AND pediatric

Ozlem Ozkalayci, Coskun Araz, Sevi Burcak Cehreli, Resmiye Ebru Tirali, Zeynep Kayhan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the effects of listening to music or providing sound isolation on the depth of sedation and need for sedatives in pediatric dental patients. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, and controlled study. SETTING: Tertiary, university hospital. PATIENTS: In total, 180 pediatric patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II, who were scheduled for dental procedures of tooth extraction, filling, amputation, and root treatment...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
T Wesley Templeton, Lauren K Hoke, Jill Yaung, Carol A Aschenbrenner, Danielle M Rose, Leah B Templeton, Yvon F Bryan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine quantitative differences in several routinely measured ventilation parameters using a standardized anesthetic technique and 3 different ventilation modalities in pediatric patients with a ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA). DESIGN: Randomized prospective study. SETTING: Pediatric hospital of a tertiary care academic medical center. PATIENTS: Thirty-three, American Society of Anesthesiologists classification 1-2, pediatric patients (12 months to 5 years)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Yi Wei, Junhua Hu, Yubing Liang, Yuling Zhong, Dan He, Yi Qin, Li Li, Jing Chen, Qiang Xiao, Yubo Xie
Propofol is widely used for the induction and maintenance of pediatric anesthesia. Previous studies have indicated that propofol can induce apoptosis, and damage cognitive and memory functions. Dexmedetomidine is a potent α‑2 adrenoceptor agonist with high selectivity. Previous observations have shown that dexmedetomidine exhibits anti‑apoptotic qualities. The present study evaluated the neuroprotective effects of dexmedetomidine pretreatment against propofol‑induced neurotoxicity in immature hippocampal neurons...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Nadia Roumeliotis, Christian Dong, Géraldine Pettersen, Louis Crevier, Guillaume Emeriaud
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are to describe the use of hyperosmolar therapy in pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) and examine its effect on intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). DESIGN: A retrospective review of patients with severe TBI admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) was conducted. Inclusion criteria were ICP monitoring and administration of a hyperosmolar agent (20 % mannitol or 3 % hypertonic saline) within 48 h of PICU admission; for which dose and timing were recorded...
August 27, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Zeljko J Bosnjak, Sarah Logan, Yanan Liu, Xiaowen Bai
Mounting evidence has demonstrated that general anesthetics could induce developmental neurotoxicity, including acute widespread neuronal cell death, followed by long-term memory and learning abnormalities. Propofol is a commonly used intravenous anesthetic agent for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia and procedural and critical care sedation in children. Compared with other anesthetic drugs, little information is available on its potential contributions to neurotoxicity. Growing evidence from multiple experimental models showed a similar neurotoxic effect of propofol as observed in other anesthetic drugs, raising serious concerns regarding pediatric propofol anesthesia...
August 22, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jocelyn R Grunwell, Curtis Travers, Courtney E McCracken, Patricia D Scherrer, Anne G Stormorken, Corrie E Chumpitazi, Mark G Roback, Jana A Stockwell, Pradip P Kamat
OBJECTIVE: Most studies of ketamine administered to children for procedural sedation are limited to emergency department use. The objective of this study was to describe the practice of ketamine procedural sedation outside of the operating room and identify risk factors for adverse events. DESIGN: Observational cohort review of data prospectively collected from 2007 to 2015 from the multicenter Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium. SETTING: Sedation services from academic, community, free-standing children's hospitals and pediatric wards within general hospitals...
August 8, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Alicia Mirás Veiga, David Conejo Moreno, Ana Isabel Gómez Menéndez, Ignacio Muñoz Siscart, Marta Del Olmo Fernández, Esteban Gómez Sánchez, María García González, Fernando Gómez Sáez
Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES) is a rare condition which evolves into refractory status epilepticus (SE), with poor outcome in most cases. Conventional antiepileptic drugs fail to control SE in FIRES patients. We report the case of a previously healthy 4-year-old boy who was diagnosed with FIRES. One week after pharyngitis and high fever he started seizures, followed by refractory SE. Benzodiazepines, phenytoin, high-dose barbiturates that induce burst suppression, high doses of corticosteroids, plasmapheresis, immunoglobulins, propofol, lidocaine, ketamine, inhaled desflurane, ketogenic diet, lacosamide, and therapeutic hypothermia were tried at different times in a period of 8 weeks, but all of them were ineffective...
July 19, 2016: Neuropediatrics
L Gasteiger, S Ofner, B Stögermüller, B Ziegler, J Brimacombe, C Keller
BACKGROUND: As there are currently no data available comparing the practicability of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) Supreme™ size 2 versus the laryngeal tube LTS II™ size 2 in children, this trial was conducted to quantify the differences between these two airway devices concerning leak pressure and fiber optic-controlled positioning in non-paralyzed, anesthetized pediatric patients. METHODS: A total of 56 children aged 1-6 years and weighing between 11 and 23 kg were enrolled in the study...
August 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Julia Termühlen, Antje Gottschalk, Nicole Eter, Esther M Hoffmann, Hugo Van Aken, Ulrike Grenzebach, Verena Prokosch
BACKGROUND: Reliable measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) is crucial in pediatric patients with suspected glaucoma. General anesthesia (GA) is usually needed in infants to allow a thorough examination. However, anesthesia itself may influence IOP, depending on the type used and the depth of sedation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the normal distribution of IOP during GA in healthy children and to analyze differences in IOP relative to the anesthetics used and the measurement time point...
September 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Dilek Gunay Canpolat, Mustafa Denizhan Yildirim, Recep Aksu, Nukhet Kutuk, Alper Alkan, Kenan Cantekin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Dental treatments cannot bealways performed under local anesthesia inpediatric non-cooperative patients. For this purpose, differentanesthetic techniques have been applied to increase patient comport to dental treatments. METHODS: Sixty children classified as ASA I-II, between aged 3 to 9, who were scheduled to undergo tooth extraction, were enrolled for this randomized study. Group K received 1 mg/kg ketamine, Group P received 1 mg/kg propofol, and Group KP received 0...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Jianrong Guo, Xiaoju Jin, Huan Wang, Jun Yu, Xiaofang Zhou, Yong Cheng, Qiang Tao, Li Liu, Jianping Zhang
Desflurane, halothane, isoflurane, propofol, and sevoflurane are widely used anesthetics in pediatric anesthesia. Adverse effect including emergence agitation, postoperative nausea and vomiting, and postoperative pain are common. Prolonged extubation time and emergency time are also troubling anesthesiologists. Previous studies have noted the characteristics of various anesthetics in pediatric anesthesia, while the results were inconclusive and conflicting. In this study, we aimed at performing a comprehensive network meta-analysis concerning the emergence and recovery characteristics of pediatric anesthetics...
June 24, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Oliver Bagshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Pooja Mehta, Shikha Sundaram, Glenn T Furuta, Zhaoxing Pan, Dan Atkins, Scott Markowitz
Propofol is a safe, well-tolerated anesthetic that is labeled as contraindicated in patients with egg or soy allergy. This contraindication has become increasingly problematic given the rising incidence of food allergy and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). To address this issue, we studied practice patterns of propofol use for esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGD) in children with EoE and food allergies at our institution. A retrospective observational study of 1365 EGDs from January 2013 to June 2014 was performed...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Yujie Wang, Changyi Wu, Bin Han, Fei Xu, Mingfeng Mao, Xiangyang Guo, Jun Wang
Propofol is one of the most widely used intravenous anesthetics. However, repeated exposure to propofol may cause neurodegeneration in the developing brain. Dexmedetomidine (Dex), an α2 adrenoceptor agonist, has been previously demonstrated to provide neuroprotection against neuroapoptosis and neurocognitive impairments induced by several anesthetics. Thus, the current study aimed to investigate the effect of Dex on neonatal propofol-induced neuroapoptosis and juvenile spatial learning/memory deficits. Propofol (30 mg/kg) was intraperiotoneally administered to 7‑day‑old Sprague Dawley rats (n=75) three times each day at 90 min intervals for seven consecutive days with or without Dex (75 µg/kg) treatment 20 min prior to propofol injection...
July 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yan Liu, Xin-Juan Wang, Na Wang, Cai-Lian Cui, Liu-Zhen Wu
While general anesthesia is known to induce cognitive deficits in elderly and pediatric patients, its influence on adults is less well-characterized. The present study was designed to evaluate the influence of propofol on the learning and memory of young adult rats, as well as the potential neuroprotective role of electroacupuncture (EA) in propofol-induced cognitive impairment. Intravenous anesthesia with propofol was administered to young adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats for 6 h, and EA was administered three times before and after anesthesia...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Joana Faleiro Oliveira, Susana Rebelo Pacheco, Marta Moniz, Pedro Nunes, Clara Abadesso, Mónica Rebelo, Helena Loureiro, Helena Almeida
Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acquired transient type of systolic dysfunction which mimics myocardial infarction clinically and electrocardiographically. TTS is also known as stress cardiomyopathy, broken heart syndrome, apical ballooning, reversible acute heart failure, neurogenic stunned myocardium or acute catecholamine cardiomyopathy. This case report describes an uncommon presentation of myocardial stunning after an anesthetic procedure. A 14-year-old girl with a history of pineal cyst and hemiplegic migraine was admitted for control brain magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
M Simsek, M O Bulut, D Ozel, I K Yucel, Z Aykac
OBJECTIVE: Purpose of this study is to compare the effects of various anaesthetic combinations on hemodynamics, sedation level, recovery period and complications in the patients which undergo pediatric cardiac catheterization. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four groups of anaesthetic combinations was created. The groups are classified as propofol-ketamine (group 1), propofol-dexmedetomidine (group 2), dexmedetomidine-ketamine (group 3), midazolam-ketamine (group 4) (for each group n=20)...
April 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Alessandra Moretto, Vittorio Scaravilli, Valentina Ciceri, Mariagrazia Bosatra, Federica Giannatelli, Bianca Ateniese, Milena Mariani, Anna Cereda, Simone Sosio, Alberto Zanella, Antonio Pesenti, Angelo Selicorni
Cornelia De Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare congenital disease characterized by typical facial dysmorphism, developmental disability, and limb deficiency defects. Various congenital malformations and medical complications have been described with gastroesophageal reflux as the major one. CdLS patients often require multiple high-risk anesthetic procedures. At San Gerardo Hospital (Monza, Italy) the management of CdLS patients is routinely organized through a standard protocol and a dedicated pediatric anesthesia team has been implemented...
June 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
Wen-Chong Sun, Ling Pei
Propofol exerts a cytotoxic influence over immature neurocytes. Our previous study revealed that clinically relevant doses of propofol accelerated apoptosis of primary cultured astrocytes of developing rodent brains via rno-miR-665 regulation. However, the role of rno-miR-665 during the growth spurt of neonatal rodent brains in vivo is still uncertain. Post-natal day 7 (P7) rats received a single injection of propofol 30 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.), and neuroapoptosis of hippocampal astrocytes was analyzed by immunofluorescence and scanning electron microscopy...
July 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Frederic Shapiro, Umeshkumar Athiraman, David J Clendenin, Monica Hoagland, Navil F Sethna
BACKGROUND: The objectives are to review the anesthetic management and anesthetic-related adverse events in patients undergoing muscle biopsy for a broad spectrum of neuromuscular disorders (NMD). AIM: The study aims to assess the hypothesis that perceived awareness of potential anesthesia-induced hyperkalemia and MH in patients with NMD reduces the frequency of such events. METHODS: A 20-year retrospective review of 877 consecutive patients undergoing muscle biopsy to establish diagnoses of NMD has been performed...
July 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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