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Maternal and Child Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656488/importance-of-coverage-and-quality-for-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-delivered-through-an-existing-health-programme-in-bangladesh
#1
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Edward A Frongillo, Tina Sanghvi, Sunny S Kim, Silvia Alayon, Lan Mai Tran, Zeba Mahmud, Bachera Aktar, Purnima Menon
Understanding implementation of interventions is critical to illuminate if, how, and why the interventions achieve impact. Alive & Thrive integrated a nutrition intervention into an existing maternal, neonatal, and child health (MNCH) programme in Bangladesh, documenting improvements in women's micronutrient supplement intake and dietary diversity. Here, we examined how well the nutrition intervention was implemented and which elements of implementation explained intervention impact. Survey data were collected in 2015 and 2016 from frontline health workers (FLW) and households in areas randomized to nutrition-focused MNCH (intensified interpersonal counselling, community mobilization, distribution of free micronutrient supplements, and weight-gain monitoring) or standard MNCH (antenatal care with standard nutrition counselling)...
April 14, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655964/infant-outcome-after-complete-uterine-rupture
#2
Iqbal Al-Zirqi, Anne Kjersti Daltveit, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: Complete uterine rupture is a rare peripartum complication often associated with a catastrophic outcome for both mother and child. However, little has been written based on large data sets about maternal and infant outcome after complete ruptures. This is partly due to the rarity of the event and the serious maternal and infant outcome; it is also partly due to the use of international diagnostic codes that do not differentiate between the less catastrophic partial rupture and more catastrophic complete uterine rupture...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655847/maternal-air-pollution-exposure-and-preterm-birth-in-wuxi-china-effect-modification-by-maternal-age
#3
Yingying Han, Panhua Jiang, Tianyu Dong, Xinliang Ding, Ting Chen, Gro Dehli Villanger, Heidi Aase, Lu Huang, Yankai Xia
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have investigated prenatal air pollution and shown that air pollutants have adverse effect on birth outcomes. However, which trimester was the most sensitive and whether the effect was related to maternal age is still ambiguous. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the association between maternal air pollution exposure during pregnancy and preterm birth, and if this relationship is modified by maternal age. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we examine the causal relationship of prenatal exposure to air pollutants including particulate matters, which are less than 10 µm (PM10 ), and ozone (O3 ), which is one of the gaseous pollutants, on preterm birth by gestational age...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655388/the-prevalence-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Jiancong Wang, Fangfei Liu, Ermira Tartari, Jianan Huang, Stephan Harbarth, Didier Pittet, Walter Zingg
OBJECTIVETo assess the prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in mainland China.DESIGNSystematic review and meta-analysis.SETTINGAdults and children from secondary and tertiary acute-care hospitals in mainland China.METHODSWe searched PubMed, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wan Fang for multicenter point-prevalence surveys of acute-care hospitals in mainland China from January 2006 to August 2016. All reports related to HAI, using a point-prevalence methodology and published either in English or Chinese were eligible...
April 15, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653255/promoting-father-involvement-for-child-and-family-health
#5
REVIEW
Brandon S Allport, Sara Johnson, Anushka Aqil, Alain B Labrique, Timothy Nelson, Angela Kc, Yorghos Carabas, Arik V Marcell
Paternal involvement in children's lives is associated with a variety of child outcomes, from improved cognition and mental health to reduced obesity rates and asthma exacerbations. Given this evidence, the American Academy of Pediatrics has promoted actions by pediatricians to engage fathers in pediatric care. Despite these recommendations, the mother-child dyad remains a frequent focus of care, rather than the mother-father-child triad. Furthermore, pediatric care is often leveraged to improve maternal health, such as screening for maternal depression, but paternal health is infrequently addressed even as men tend to exhibit riskier behaviors, poorer primary care utilization, and lower life expectancy...
April 10, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651689/mothers-neural-responses-to-infant-faces-are-associated-with-activation-of-the-maternal-care-system-and-observed-intrusiveness-with-their-own-child
#6
Joyce J Endendijk, Hannah Spencer, Anneloes L van Baar, Peter A Bos
Certain infant facial characteristics, referred to as baby schema, are thought to automatically trigger parenting behavior and affective orientation toward infants. Electroencephalography (EEG) is well suited to assessing the intuitive nature and temporal dynamics of parenting responses, due to its millisecond temporal resolution. Little is known, however, about the relations between neural processing of infant cues and actual parenting behavior in a naturalistic setting. In the present study we examined the event-related potentials (ERPs) of mothers (N = 33) watching infant faces of varying attractiveness, in relation to activation of the maternal care system and the mothers' observed parenting behavior (sensitivity, nonintrusiveness) with their own child (2-6 years old)...
April 12, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651427/do-mothers-with-lower-socioeconomic-status-contribute-to-the-rate-of-all-cause-child-mortality-in-kazakhstan
#7
Fei Yu, Ziqi Yan, Run Pu, Shangfeng Tang, Bishwajit Ghose, Rui Huang
Background: This study aimed to explore whether or not mothers with higher educational and wealth status report lower rate of child mortality compared to those with less advantageous socioeconomic situation. Methods: Data used were cross-sectional and collected from Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey in Kazakhstan conducted in 2015. Subjects experiencing childbirth were 9278 women aging between 15 and 49 years. The associations between maternal education and household wealth status with child mortality were examined by multivariate analytical methods...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651319/effects-of-perinatal-factors-on-body-mass-index-and-physical-fitness-of-school-age-children
#8
Miha Lucovnik, Gregor Starc, Petra Golja, Ivan Verdenik, Irena Stucin Gantar
Objective: To examine the effects of various maternal and neonatal perinatal factors on the child's body mass index (BMI) and physical fitness at school-age. Methods: Data from two registries, the SLOfit database (a national surveillance system of children's motor and physical development) and Slovenian National Perinatal Information System (NPIS) were analysed. Perinatal data for 2,929 children born in 2008 were linked to results of SLOfit testing of these children in 2016...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629683/near-real-time-tracking-of-gaps-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-three-districts-of-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#9
F Moyo, A Haeri Mazanderani, S Bhardwaj, O B Mhlongo, T Kufa, K Ng'oma, B A Smith, G G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Identifying and addressing gaps in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is required if South Africa (SA) is to achieve targets for eliminating MTCT (eMTCT). Potential PMTCT gaps that increase MTCT risk include late maternal HIV diagnosis, lack of or delayed antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and lack of effective prophylaxis for HIV-exposed infants. OBJECTIVES: To investigate, in near real time, PMTCT gaps among HIV-infected infants in three districts of KwaZulu-Natal Province, SA...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628626/gene-environment-correlations-in-the-cross-generational-transmission-of-parenting-grandparenting-moderates-the-effect-of-child-5-httlpr-genotype-on-mothers-parenting
#10
Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Elizabeth P Hayden, Shiva M Singh, Haroon I Sheikh, Katie R Kryski, Daniel N Klein
Evidence suggests that parenting is associated cross-generationally and that children's genes may elicit specific parenting styles (evocative gene-environment correlation). This study examined whether the effect of children's genotype, specifically 5-HTTLPR, on mothers' parenting behaviors was moderated by her own parenting experiences from her mother. Two independent samples of three-year-olds (N = 476 and 405) were genotyped for the serotonin transporter gene, and observational measures of parenting were collected...
November 2017: Social Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628595/anesthesia-in-a-child-with-newly-diagnosed-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-for-placement-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#11
Rajnish Kumar, Bibha Kumari
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic myocardial disease usually characterized by asymmetric ventricular septal hypertrophy. HCM is an important cause of sudden cardiac death in adolescents and young adults. We are presenting a case report, ten years boy came in emergency with sudden loss of consciousness (witness cardiac arrest). Child was revived after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and send to coronary care unit. Echocardiography findings were suggestive of HCM. There was history of sudden death of her mother and maternal uncle...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628054/women-s-self-reported-factors-that-influence-their-postpartum-exercise-levels
#12
REVIEW
Susan Liipfert Shelton, Shih-Yu Sylvia Lee
The birth of a child is a life transition that can signal an opportunity to promote wellness and self-care. Nurses and other health care providers can encourage women to engage in exercise for physical and mental health and to enhance weight loss after birth. However, incorporating an exercise routine into life with an infant can be challenging. Sixty-two women provided feedback about their exercise patterns before and during pregnancy, and 18 of these women gave additional insight into barriers to and facilitators of exercise engagement after childbirth...
April 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624953/determinants-of-home-delivery-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-bagwai-town-kano-nigeria
#13
Salisu Abubakar, Dalhatu Adamu, Ruqayya Hamza, Jamila B Galadima
Unskilled home delivery is a threat to maternal and child health. In northern Nigeria, many pregnant women attend antenatal care but opt to deliver at home despite knowing the potential consequences. An institutional delivery, helps reduce various complications during childbirth, and therefore decreases the rates of maternal and child mortality. To explore the determinants of home delivery after attending antenatal services, this study employed a cross-sectional design and a non-probability purposive sampling technique...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622026/evidence-of-the-factors-that-influence-the-utilisation-of-kangaroo-mother-care-by-parents-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-a-scoping-review-protocol
#14
Christina T Mathias, Solange Mianda, Themba G Ginindza
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 emphasises on reducing neonatal deaths caused by low birth weight (LBW) complications by the implementation and utilisation of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite the empirical evidence of KMC optimising low-birth-weight infants' (LBWIs') survival, its advantages and the LMICs implementing the service, studies have shown that LBW infant deaths occurring in LMICs are largely contributing to global child mortality...
April 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619212/validity-of-maternal-report-of-care-seeking-for-childhood-illness
#15
Emily D Carter, Micky Ndhlovu, Melinda Munos, Emmy Nkhama, Joanne Katz, Thomas P Eisele
Background: Accurate data on care-seeking for child illness are needed to improve public health programs and reduce child mortality. The accuracy of maternal report of care-seeking for child illness as collected through household surveys has not been validated. Methods: A 2016 survey compared reported care-seeking against a gold-standard of health care provider documented care-seeking events among a random sample of mothers of children <5 years in Southern Province, Zambia...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618484/evaluating-the-process-and-outcomes-of-child-death-review-in-the-solomon-islands
#16
Mathew Sandakabatu, Titus Nasi, Carol Titiulu, Trevor Duke
While maternal and perinatal mortality auditing has been strongly promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO), there has been very limited promotion or evaluation of child death auditing in low/middle-income settings. In 2017, a standardised child death review process was introduced in the paediatric department of the National Hospital in Honiara, Solomon Islands. We evaluated the process and outcomes of child death reviews. The child death auditing process was assessed through systematic observations made at each of the weekly meetings using the following standards for evaluation: (1) adapted WHO tools for paediatric auditing; (2) the five stages of the audit cycle; (3) published principles of paediatric audit; and (4) WHO and Solomon Islands national clinical standards of Hospital Care for Children...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617924/commentary-gaze-aversion-and-unnoticed-phenomena
#17
Desmond K Runyan
Child abuse is a social phenomenon that has been under-researched and under-supported. The scale of the problem is large with over 3 million US children reported for abuse or neglect each year. An estimated 15% of confirmed victims may be placed in out-of-home care to ensure their safety. Studies have not previously examined the impact of losing a child into foster care on maternal health and mortality. Family and maternal risk factors, such as teen pregnancy, intimate partner violence or drug and alcohol abuse, have been well documented as risk factors for maltreatment...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617375/gender-transformative-bandebereho-couples-intervention-to-promote-male-engagement-in-reproductive-and-maternal-health-and-violence-prevention-in-rwanda-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kate Doyle, Ruti G Levtov, Gary Barker, Gautam G Bastian, Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Shamsi Kazimbaya, Anicet Nzabonimpa, Julie Pulerwitz, Felix Sayinzoga, Vandana Sharma, Dominick Shattuck
BACKGROUND: Rigorous evidence of the effectiveness of male engagement interventions, particularly on how these interventions impact relationship power dynamics and women's decision-making, remains limited. This study assessed the impact of the Bandebereho gender-transformative couples' intervention on impact on multiple behavioral and health-related outcomes influenced by gender norms and power relations. METHODS: We conducted a multi-site randomised controlled trial in four Rwandan districts with expectant/current fathers and their partners, who were randomised to the intervention (n = 575 couples) or control group (n = 624 couples)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614565/-guideline-for-breastfeeding-promotion-strategies-2018
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614235/the-evidence-base-for-the-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting-program-constructs
#20
Sofia Campos, Julie M Kapp, Eduardo J Simoes
OBJECTIVES: The federal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program requires grantees to demonstrate program improvement as a condition of funding. The MIECHV program monitors grantee progress in federally mandated conceptual areas (ie, benchmarks) that are further subcategorized into related sub-areas or constructs (eg, breastfeeding). Each construct has an associated performance measure that helps MIECHV collect data on program implementation and performance...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
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