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Maternal and Child Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212598/essential-newborn-care-after-home-delivery-in-nepal
#1
Mats Målqvist, Asha Pun, Ashish Kc
AIMS: Postnatal care of the newborn is essential in order to reduce neonatal mortality. Nepal has made great efforts to improve maternal and child health by focusing on accessibility and outreach over the past decades. This study aims to examine trends, over the past decade, in levels and equity of facility delivery rates and the provision of newborn care after home delivery in Nepal. METHODS: Household-level data from the Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) 2006 and 2011 and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS5) from 2014 performed in Nepal was sourced for the study...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209120/factors-influencing-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-by-adolescent-mothers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#2
Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20-24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic status. Nowhere Is the burden of disease greater than in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding factors that influence adolescent utilisation of essential maternal health services (MHS) would be critical in improving their outcomes. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature for articles published until December 2015 to understand how adolescent MHS utilisation has been assessed in LMICs and factors affecting service utilisation by adolescent mothers...
February 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202047/health-workforce-metrics-pre-and-post-2015-a-stimulus-to-public-policy-and-planning
#3
Francisco Pozo-Martin, Andrea Nove, Sofia Castro Lopes, James Campbell, James Buchan, Gilles Dussault, Teena Kunjumen, Giorgio Cometto, Amani Siyam
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based health workforce policies are essential to ensure the provision of high-quality health services and to support the attainment of universal health coverage (UHC). This paper describes the main characteristics of available health workforce data for 74 of the 75 countries identified under the 'Countdown to 2015' initiative as accounting for more than 95% of the world's maternal, newborn and child deaths. It also discusses best practices in the development of health workforce metrics post-2015...
February 15, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199918/factors-associated-with-alcohol-use-prior-to-and-during-pregnancy-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-cape-town-south-africa
#4
Kirsty Brittain, Robert H Remien, Tamsin Phillips, Allison Zerbe, Elaine J Abrams, Landon Myer, Claude A Mellins
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use during pregnancy is prevalent in South Africa, but there are few prospectively-collected data exploring patterns of consumption among HIV-infected women, which may be important to improve maternal and child health outcomes. We examined patterns of and factors associated with alcohol use prior to and during pregnancy among HIV-infected pregnant women in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Participants were enrolled when entering antenatal care at a large primary care clinic, and alcohol use was assessed using the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test)...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199373/prevalence-of-maternal-hiv-infection-and-knowledge-on-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-and-its-prevention-among-antenatal-care-attendees-in-a-rural-area-in-northwest-cameroon
#5
Carlson-Babila Sama, Vitalis F Feteh, Maxime Tindong, John T Tanyi, Nestor Mbinkar Bihle, Fru F Angwafo
BACKGROUND: In 2010, an estimated 141 new HIV infections occurred per day in Cameroon and reports suggest an upsurge of these rates by 2020 if current trends continue. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV is a major public health challenge, and maternal knowledge on HIV transmission during pregnancy and its prevention is important in curtailing paediatric HIV acquisition. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at establishing the prevalence of maternal HIV infection as well as assessing knowledge on HIV, MTCT and prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) of HIV among pregnant women in a rural area of Cameroon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194281/effects-of-father-neonate-skin-to-skin-contact-on-attachment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Er-Mei Chen, Meei-Ling Gau, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzu-Ying Lee
This study examines how skin-to-skin contact between father and newborn affects the attachment relationship. A randomized controlled trial was conducted at a regional teaching hospital and a maternity clinic in northern Taiwan. The study recruited 83 first-time fathers aged 20 years or older. By block randomization, participants were allocated to an experimental (n = 41) or a control (n = 42) group. With the exception of skin-to-skin contact (SSC), participants from each group received the same standard care...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193399/community-resource-centres-to-improve-the-health-of-women-and-children-in-informal-settlements-in-mumbai-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Neena Shah More, Sushmita Das, Ujwala Bapat, Glyn Alcock, Shreya Manjrekar, Vikas Kamble, Rijuta Sawant, Sushma Shende, Nayreen Daruwalla, Shanti Pantvaidya, David Osrin
BACKGROUND: Around 105 million people in India will be living in informal settlements by 2017. We investigated the effects of local resource centres delivering integrated activities to improve women's and children's health in urban informal settlements. METHODS: In a cluster-randomised controlled trial in 40 clusters, each containing around 600 households, 20 were randomly allocated to have a resource centre (intervention group) and 20 no centre (control group)...
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185271/melanoma-and-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Sarah Kym Morton, Adam Park Morton
Melanoma is the most common cancer in women during their reproductive years and kills more young Australians than any other single cancer. Care of women whose pregnancy is complicated by a diagnosis of malignancy is complex. The risk of delaying treatment to the mother, the short-term and long-term risks of premature delivery to the child, and the immediate risks to the foetus and long-term risks to the child of maternal treatment with surgery, radiotherapy or medical therapies must be considered.
February 10, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183341/assessing-the-feasibility-of-ehealth-and-mhealth-a-systematic-review-and-analysis-of-initiatives-implemented-in-kenya
#9
REVIEW
Martin Njoroge, Dejan Zurovac, Esther A A Ogara, Jane Chuma, Doris Kirigia
BACKGROUND: The growth of Information and Communication Technology in Kenya has facilitated implementation of a large number of eHealth projects in a bid to cost-effectively address health and health system challenges. This systematic review aims to provide a situational analysis of eHealth initiatives being implemented in Kenya, including an assessment of the areas of focus and geographic distribution of the health projects. The search strategy involved peer and non-peer reviewed sources of relevant information relating to projects under implementation in Kenya...
February 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173687/distribution-and-determinants-of-low-birth-weight-in-developing-countries
#10
Rashidul Alam Mahumud, Marufa Sultana, Abdur Razzaque Sarker
Objectives: Low birth weight (LBW) is a major public health concern, especially in developing countries, and is frequently related to child morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to identify key determinants that influence the prevalence of LBW in selected developing countries. Methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted using 10 recent Demography and Health Surveys from developing countries based on the availability of the required information for the years 2010 to 2013...
January 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170442/explaining-changes-in-child-health-inequality-in-the-run-up-to-the-2015-millennium-development-goals-mdgs-the-case-of-zambia
#11
Peter Hangoma, Arild Aakvik, Bjarne Robberstad
BACKGROUND: Child health interventions were drastically scaled up in the period leading up to 2015 as countries aimed at meeting the 2015 target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). MDGs were defined in terms of achieving improvements in average health. Significant improvements in average child health are documented, but evidence also points to rising inequality. It is important to investigate factors that drive the increasing disparities in order to inform the post-2015 development agenda of reducing inequality, as captured in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169352/metacarpal-bone-plane-examination-by-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-fetal-forearm-and-hand-deformity
#12
Leiping Zhou, Mingli Lv, Min Zeng, Yun Zhou, Tian Yang, Yu Yang, Yunyun Cao, Xiaoxiao Kong, Jianmei Niu
We explored the value of the metacarpal bone plane in screening for serious fetal forearm and hand deformities, excluding simple polydactyly and dactylion deformity, by ultrasonographic examination. Observed the second to fifth metacarpal bone plane of fetuses in 20,139 pregnant women at a gestational age of 16 to 30 weeks in The International Peace Maternity &Child Health Hospital of China Welfare Institute (IPMCH). There was a total 138 cases of fetal forearm and/or hand deformity among the 20,139 pregnant women...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166792/mothers-pupillary-responses-to-infant-facial-expressions
#13
Santeri Yrttiaho, Dana Niehaus, Eileen Thomas, Jukka M Leppänen
BACKGROUND: Human parental care relies heavily on the ability to monitor and respond to a child's affective states. The current study examined pupil diameter as a potential physiological index of mothers' affective response to infant facial expressions. METHODS: Pupillary time-series were measured from 86 mothers of young infants in response to an array of photographic infant faces falling into four emotive categories based on valence (positive vs. negative) and arousal (mild vs...
February 6, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166575/impact-of-potential-accreditation-and-certification-in-family-medicine-maternity-care
#14
Aimee R Eden, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Advanced maternity care training in family medicine is highly variable at both the residency and fellowship levels. Declining numbers of family physicians providing maternity care services may exacerbate disparities in access to maternal and child care, especially in rural and other underserved communities. Accreditation of maternity care fellowships and board certification may be one potential avenue to address this trend. This study sought to understand the perceptions and beliefs of key family medicine stakeholders in advanced maternity care regarding the formalization of maternity care training through fellowship accreditation and the creation of a certificate of added qualification (CAQ)...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159944/effect-of-recorded-maternal-voice-on-child-s-cooperation-during-cardiac-catheterization-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Daliya Rajan, Gopichandran Lakshmanan, Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Ramakrishnan Sivasubramanian, Anita Saxena, Rajnish Juneja
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of recorded maternal voice on child's cooperation during cardiac catheterization. DESIGN: Randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial. SETTING: Cardiac catheterization laboratory at a tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 90 children with congenital heart disease scheduled for cardiac catheterization between July 2014 and Dec 2014 were randomized to maternal voice group and placebo group...
February 2, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159131/do-we-provide-affordable-accessible-and-administrable-health-care-an-assessment-of-ses-differential-in-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-delivery-care-in-india
#16
Jalandhar Pradhan, Rinshu Dwivedi
BACKGROUND: Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) financing is a key area of focus which can lead towards an overall empowerment of women through financial inclusion. The major objectives of this paper are: first; to examine the socio-economic differentials in Out of Pocket Expenditure (OOPE) on delivery care, second; to look into the role of insurance coverage, third; to analyse various sources of financing, and fourth; to measure the adjusted effect of various covariates on the level of OOPE...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159028/the-health-impact-of-the-2014-15-ebola-outbreak
#17
REVIEW
J W T Elston, C Cartwright, P Ndumbi, J Wright
OBJECTIVES: The 2014-15 outbreak in West Africa was the largest and deadliest Ebola outbreak recorded; however, there remains uncertainty over its wider health consequences. Our objective was to provide a comprehensive overview of the impact of the Ebola outbreak on population health in the three most affected countries: Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. STUDY DESIGN: Narrative review. METHODS: A narrative overview of the peer-reviewed and grey literature related to the impact and consequences of the Ebola outbreak was conducted, synthesizing the findings of literature retrieved from a structured search of biomedical databases, the Web and references of reviewed articles...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158882/missed-opportunities-for-preventing-perinatal-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-florida-2007-2014
#18
Mary Jo Trepka, Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Consuelo Beck-Sagué, Lorene M Maddox, Kristopher P Fennie, Diana M Sheehan, Maithri Prabhakar, Dan Thompson, Spencer Lieb
OBJECTIVES: Despite declining numbers of perinatally exposed infants, an increase in perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections from 2011 to 2013 prompted this study to identify missed perinatal HIV prevention opportunities. METHODS: Deidentified records of children born from 2007 through 2014, exposed to HIV perinatally, and reported to the Florida Department of Health were obtained. Crude relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for factors associated with perinatal transmission, nondiagnosis of maternal HIV infection, and nonreceipt of antiretroviral medication were calculated...
February 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155320/fragmentation-of-maternal-child-and-hiv-services-a-missed-opportunity-to-provide-comprehensive-care
#19
Lyn J Haskins, Sifiso P Phakathi, Merridy Grant, Ntokozo Mntambo, Aurene Wilford, Christiane M Horwood
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, coverage of services for mothers and babies in the first year of life is suboptimal despite high immunisation coverage over the same time period. Integration of services could improve accessibility of services, uptake of interventions and retention in care. AIM: This study describes provision of services for mothers and babies aged under 1 year. SETTING: Primary healthcare clinics in one rural district in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
December 2, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155288/association-between-depression-in-carers-and-malnutrition-in-children-aged-6-months-to-5-years
#20
Keneilwe Motlhatlhedi, Vincent Setlhare, Adewale Ganiyu, Jacqueline Firth
BACKGROUND:  Childhood malnutrition is an important risk factor for child mortality and underlies close to 50% of child deaths worldwide. Previous studies have found an association between maternal depression and child malnutrition, but it is not known whether this association exists in Botswana. In addition, previous studies excluded non-maternal primary caregivers (PCGs). It is unclear whether the association between primary caregiver depression and child malnutrition remains when non-maternal PCGs are included...
January 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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