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Maternal and Child Care

Brandy L Peterson Maddox, Shauntā S Wright, Hazel Namadingo, Virginia B Bowen, Geoffrey A Chipungu, Mary L Kamb
OBJECTIVES: The WHO recommends pregnant women receive both HIV and syphilis testing at their first antenatal care visit, as untreated maternal infections can lead to severe, adverse pregnancy outcomes. One strategy for increasing testing for both HIV and syphilis is the use of point-of-care (rapid) diagnostic tests that are simple, proven effective and inexpensive. In Malawi, pregnant women routinely receive HIV testing, but only 10% are tested for syphilis at their first antenatal care visit...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Jennifer A Unger, John Kinuthia, Grace John-Stewart
Mobile health (mHealth) short message system (SMS) interventions for maternal and child health (MCH) are being implemented globally. In many low- and middle-income settings in which these mHealth interventions are being rolled out, stillbirths and neonatal and infant deaths are common. It is important that mHealth solutions do not exacerbate emotional stress and pain by continuing with routine messaging for pregnancy or infant care when someone has experienced loss. In this brief viewpoint paper, we argue that SMS programs for maternal and child health need to adapt and make available messaging for miscarriage, stillbirth, and infant loss...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Younglee Kim, Vivien Dee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships among sociodemographic and obstetric factors and symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) in Hispanic women living in rural California. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive design. SETTING: Rural southern California communities. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 223 Hispanic women, ages 18 to 42 years old, with one living infant younger than 12 months old...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Yacobou Sanoussi
BACKGROUND: Access to maternal and child health care in low- and middle-income countries such as Togo is characterized by significant inequalities. Most studies in the Togolese context have examined the total inequality of health and the determinants of individuals' health. Few empirical studies in Togo have focused on inequalities of opportunity in maternal and child health. To fill this gap, we estimated changes in inequality of opportunity in access to maternal and child health services between 1998 and 2013 using data from Togo Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
A Idowu, Samuel A Olowookere, Olajide O Abiola, Adebowale F Akinwumi, Caleb Adegbenro
Background: Skilled attendant at delivery (SBA) is one of the key indicators used in assessing progress towards improved maternal health. This study aimed at identifying factors influencing SBA utilization in Ilorin, Nigeria. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out using multi-stage sampling technique among 400 participants in Ilorin, Northcentral Nigeria. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection, and data analysis was done using descriptive and inferential statistics...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Eshetu Andarge, Aderajew Nigussie, Mekitie Wondafrash
BACKGROUND: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is a strategy to promote use of skilled maternal and neonatal care so that they can get timely skilled care, particularly during child birth. There is minimal evidence on the factors associated with BP/CR among pregnant women in Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed to assess the factors influencing BP/CR among pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia for the purpose of improving utilization of skilled attendant at birth. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 707 pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia in March 2015...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Julie Smith, Sara Javanparast, Lyn Craig
In 1999, two leading Australian academics challenged Australian universities to lead moves to better manage employees' maternity and breastfeeding needs, and 'bring babies and breasts into workplaces'. This paper addresses the question of how universities cope with the need for women to breastfeed, by exploring barriers facing women who combine breastfeeding and paid work at the Australian National University (ANU). Data were collected through online surveys in 2013 using mixed method, case study design, nested within a larger national study...
March 2017: Breastfeeding Review: Professional Publication of the Nursing Mothers' Association of Australia
S Islam, F Nusrat, S A Esha, F Mehrin, A Hilaly, S Shiraji, M I Hasan, F Tofail, J D Hamadani
Family structure is an important factor for children's overall development. In this cross sectional study, we explored how single parenting relates to child's language development in slums of Dhaka city, Bangladesh from 31st August 2010 to 9th February 2011. Children aged 10 to 24 months (n=133), living with mother only and those living with both parents were included. Children's comprehensive and expressive language development was assessed using the Bengali version of Mac Arthur's Communicative Development Inventory (MCDI)...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, Marni Brownell, Nathan Nickel, Dan Chateau, Deepa Singal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine suicide attempts and completions among mothers who had a child taken into care by child protection services (CPS). These mothers were compared with their biological sisters who did not have a child taken into care and with mothers who received services from CPS but did not have a child taken into care. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of mothers whose first child was born in Manitoba, Canada, between April 1, 1992, and March 31, 2015, is used...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Heidi Stöckl, Ligia Kiss, Jobst Koehler, Dung Thuy Dong, Cathy Zimmerman
Background: Bride-trafficking has been a growing phenomenon in Southeast Asia, particularly in China, where one-child policies have resulted in demographic imbalances favoring males. Yet, empirical evidence about women and girls sold into marriage in China remains sparse. Methods: This study describes the experiences of 51 Vietnamese women and girls as young as 14 in post-trafficking services who were sold into marriage in China. A consecutive sample of individuals from five services in Vietnam were invited to be interviewed within the first 2 weeks of admission...
2017: Global health research and policy
Eyob Zere Asbu, Maysoun Dimachkie Masri, Amer Kaissi
Background: Since the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 1990, many countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region made some improvements in maternal and child health and in tackling communicable diseases. The transition to the global agenda of Sustainable Development Goals brings new opportunities for countries to move forward toward achieving progress for better health, well-being, and universal health coverage. This study provides a profile of health status and health financing approaches in the MENA region and their implications on universal health coverage...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
Victor Cebotari, Valentina Mazzucato, Melissa Siegel
This study empirically measures the perceptions towards maternal and paternal migration of male and female children who stay behind in Ghana. It analyses survey data collected in 2010 among secondary school children aged 11-18 in four urban areas with high out-migration rates: the greater Accra region, Kumasi, Sunyani and Cape Coast (N = 1965). The results show significant gendered differences in how children perceive parental migration. Specifically, female children have more positive views towards maternal and paternal migration when parents are abroad and in a stable marital relationship, when the assessed parent is abroad but the other parent is the caregiver in Ghana, when there is a frequent change in the care arrangement, and when female children receive remittances...
2017: Child Indicators Research
Adeniyi F Fagbamigbe, Elizabeth O Hurricane-Ike, Oyindamola B Yusuf, Erhabor S Idemudia
Introduction: While Nigeria accounts for only 2% of the world population, it regrettably shares 14% of global maternal death burden. Whether its reported increase in antenatal care utilization is accompanied by increased use of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) is not known. This study assessed trends in utilization of SBAs in Nigeria between 1990 and 2013 and identified its determinants. Methods: Data from four consecutive Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey reports between 1990 and 2013 were pooled...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
Daniel A Adeyinka, Babayemi O Olakunde, Chamberline E Ozigbu, Emmanuel A Agogo, Mercy Morka, Temitope Atoba, Chris Obanubi, Gideon Okorie, Abiola Davies, Olanrewaju Oladimeji
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis is a global health problem, yet it has received little attention in recent years. Despite cost-effective syphilis screening and treatment, it continues to contribute hugely to perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. AIMS: To determine the prevalence and treatment coverage trend for syphilis among pregnant women in the national prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme in Nigeria and to evaluate progress towards the elimination of congenital syphilis in the country...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Katherine Selchau, Maricela Babuca, Kara Bower, Yara Castro, Araceli Flores, Jonah O Garcia, Maria Lourdes F Reyes, Yvonne Rojas, Laura Shattuck
Purpose This research analyzes the cases of five women living along the U.S.-Mexico border who overcame challenges during pregnancy or parenting with the support of a federally funded Healthy Start program, designed to eliminate disparities in perinatal health in disadvantaged communities with the poorest birth outcomes. Study objectives were to: (1) identify common factors that affect healthy maternal and child outcomes for Healthy Start participants; and (2) identify a shared definition of what success looks like for Healthy Start participants and opportunities for further study...
December 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Andrea Nove, Petra Ten Hoope-Bender, Nester T Moyo, Martha Bokosi
Most low- and middle-income countries failed to meet the Millennium Development Goal targets for maternal, newborn and child health, and even more ambitious targets have been set under the Sustainable Development Goals and the Ending Preventable Maternal Mortality initiative. This means that many countries will need to accelerate progress on sexual, reproductive, maternal and newborn health over the next few years. Recent years have seen the publication of a large and convincing body of evidence about the potential of midwifery to make a significant contribution to this acceleration, but little practical guidance has emerged to help countries invest in midwifery services so that their health systems can meet the increasing need for sexual, reproductive, maternal and newborn health care...
November 15, 2017: Midwifery
Daphne J Korczak, Sheri Madigan, Marlena Colasanto, Peter Szatmari, Yang Chen, Jonathon Maguire, Patricia Parkin, Catherine S Birken
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal association of negative affect and physical activity in a population of preschool children. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included 763 children (53% male) attending scheduled health supervision visits in their primary care physicians' offices. Data were collected at two time points at mean ages 27 (SD=5.4) and 47 (SD=6.2) months. Negative affect (NA) was measured using the Negative Affectivity (frustration/anger, decreased soothability) domain of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
Bridget F Hutchens, Joan Kearney, Holly Powell Kennedy
INTRODUCTION: An integrative review was performed to explore the relationship between a maternal history of child maltreatment and subsequent postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms. METHODS: Six electronic databases were used to explore the literature, including PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, and Scopus. Studies were included that used victims of child maltreatment as one of the independent variables and PPD symptoms as one of the dependent variables. Studies were excluded if they focused only on women with adult intimate partner violence or women with PPD who were perpetrators of child abuse rather than survivors...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Tim Bersak, Lyudmyla Sonchak
OBJECTIVE: To test how prenatal participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) impacts health care utilization and immunizations within the first year of an infant's life. DATA SOURCE: We utilize comprehensive South Carolina Medicaid claims data from 2004 to 2013 linked with birth certificates data from 2004 to 2012. These data contain information on WIC participation and all health care utilization within the first year of an infant's life...
December 1, 2017: Health Services Research
Mickey Sperlich, Julia S Seng, Yang Li, Julie Taylor, Caroline Bradbury-Jones
Adverse childhood experiences have a strong negative impact on health and are a significant public health concern. Adverse childhood experiences, including various forms of child maltreatment, together with their mental health sequelae (eg, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, dissociation) also contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes (eg, preterm birth, low birth weight), poor postpartum mental health, and impaired or delayed bonding. Intergenerational patterns of maltreatment and mental health disorders have been reported that could be addressed in the childbearing year...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
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