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Minimally invasive valve surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396860/aortic-valve-replacement-for-moderate-aortic-stenosis-with-severe-calcification-and-left-ventricualr-dysfunction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Nikhil Narang, Roberto M Lang, Vladimir M Liarski, Valluvan Jeevanandam, Marion A Hofmann Bowman
A 55-year-old man with a history of erosive, seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and interstitial lung disease presented with shortness of breath. Echocardiography showed new-onset severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction with an ejection fraction (EF) of 15% and moderately increased mean aortic valve gradient of 20 mmHg in a trileaflet aortic valve with severe sclero-calcific degeneration. Coronary angiography revealed no significant obstructive coronary disease. Invasive hemodynamic studies and dobutamine stress echocardiography were consistent with moderate aortic stenosis...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394022/limited-versus-full-sternotomy-for-aortic-valve-replacement
#2
REVIEW
Bilal H Kirmani, Sion G Jones, S C Malaisrie, Darryl A Chung, Richard Jnn Williams
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve disease is a common condition that is easily treatable with cardiac surgery. This is conventionally performed by opening the sternum longitudinally down the centre ("median sternotomy") and replacing the valve under cardiopulmonary bypass. Median sternotomy is generally well tolerated, but as less invasive options have become available, the efficacy of limited incisions has been called into question. In particular, the effects of reducing the visibility and surgical access has raised safety concerns with regards to the placement of cannulae, venting of the heart, epicardial wire placement, and de-airing of the heart at the end of the procedure...
April 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391532/outcome-of-a-graduated-minimally-invasive-facial-reanimation-in-patients-with-facial-paralysis
#3
Laura C Holtmann, Anja Eckstein, Kerstin Stähr, Minzhi Xing, Stephan Lang, Stefan Mattheis
Peripheral paralysis of the facial nerve is the most frequent of all cranial nerve disorders. Despite advances in facial surgery, the functional and aesthetic reconstruction of a paralyzed face remains a challenge. Graduated minimally invasive facial reanimation is based on a modular principle. According to the patients' needs, precondition, and expectations, the following modules can be performed: temporalis muscle transposition and facelift, nasal valve suspension, endoscopic brow lift, and eyelid reconstruction...
April 8, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388771/less-is-mohr-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-surgery
#4
Volkmar Falk, Thomas Kuntze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387805/transapical-transcatheter-mitral-valve-in-valve-implantation-versus-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-failed-mitral-bioprostheses%C3%A2
#5
Michele Murzi, Sergio Berti, Tommaso Gasbarri, Giuseppe Trianni, Stefano Maffei, Marco Solinas, Danny Dvir, Alfredo Giuseppe Cerillo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare early outcomes and survival of patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve replacement through a right anterior minithoracotomy (MIMVR) versus patients undergoing transcatheter transapical mitral valve-in-valve (M-VIV) implantation for a failed mitral bioprostheses. METHODS: From 2005 to 2015, 61 patients with a failed mitral bioprosthesis underwent either MIMVR ( n  = 40 patients, 65.6%) or M-VIV implantation ( n  = 21, 34...
April 6, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369578/sutureless-aortic-bioprosthesis
#6
José Martínez-Comendador, Mario Castaño, Javier Gualis, Elio Martín, Pasquale Maiorano, Javier Otero
Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is the treatment of choice for aortic valve disease, with excellent results reported in the short- and long-term follow-up. Due to the increasing number of patient comorbidities and older age, various technical alternatives have been developed such as transcatheter aortic valve implantation and, more recently, sutureless valve bioprostheses. For patients with very high surgical risk, transcatheter implantation is becoming the top therapeutic option. However, the percutaneous technique still has major disadvantages including those related to implantation without excision of the diseased native valve without direct view of the annulus, which increases the probability of developing perivalvular leaks and a high percentage of atrioventricular block...
March 21, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369496/cerebral-circulation-estimated-by-laser-speckle-flowgraphy-in-retrograde-femoral-arterial-perfusion-during-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery
#7
Hiroto Kitahara, Hirotsugu Kanda, Fumiaki Kimura, Tomohiro Takeda, Shingo Kunioka, Takayuki Kunisawa, Hiroyuki Kamiya
OBJECTIVES: Laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) is a novel modality to assess blood flow of the optic nerve head (ONH), which is reported to be a surrogate marker of cerebral microcirculation. We conducted LSFG measurements during minimally invasive cardiac surgery with retrograde femoral arterial perfusion and evaluated its feasibility and usability as a neuromonitor. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 7 patients who underwent mitral valve repair through a right minithoracotomy with retrograde femoral arterial perfusion...
March 27, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364438/preoperative-vascular-screening-a-novel-breakthrough-in-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-surgery
#8
Cristina Barbero, Mauro Rinaldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347580/aorto-right-atrial-fistula-after-sutureless-valve-implantation
#9
Jessica G Y Luc, Michiko Maruyama, Surita Sidhu, Jayan Nagendran
Aortic valve replacement with sutureless valves has many potential applications including in redo surgery, minimally invasive scenarios, and heavily calcified aortic roots. Herein we report a case of the development of an aorto-right atrial fistula after replacement of a Medtronic Freestyle stentless subcoronary bioprosthesis (Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, MN) with a Perceval sutureless valve (LivaNova PLC, London, UK). This eventually necessitated repair with repeat surgery and aortic valve replacement with a stented valve...
January 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338550/respiratory-system-function-in-patients-after-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-replacement-surgery-a-case-control-study
#10
Jarosław Stoliński, Robert Musiał, Dariusz Plicner, Janusz Andres
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to comparatively analyze respiratory system function after minimally invasive, through right minithoracotomy aortic valve replacement (RT-AVR) to conventional AVR. METHODS: Analysis of 201 patients scheduled for RT-AVR and 316 for AVR between January 2010 and November 2013. Complications of the respiratory system and pulmonary functional status are presented. RESULTS: Complications of the respiratory system occurred in 16...
March 23, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329330/three-port-one-incision-plus-two-port-endoscopic-mitral-valve-surgery-without-robotic-assistance
#11
Toshiaki Ito, Atsuo Maekawa, Satoshi Hoshino, Yasunari Hayashi, Sadanari Sawaki, Junji Yanagisawa, Masayoshi Tokoro
OBJECTIVES: Totally endoscopic minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMVS) is technically demanding and often performed with robotic assistance. We hypothesized that three-port video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) would facilitate endoscopic MIMVS and evaluated its feasibility and safety. METHODS: From October 2010 to June 2016, we performed first-time MIMVS in 250 consecutive patients (122 male), with median age of 65 years (54-73 years, 25-75 percentile)...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328570/concomitant-valve-in-valve-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-and-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#12
Takashi Murashita, David L Joyce, Alberto Pochettino, John M Stulak, Lyle D Joyce
Redo aortic valve replacement (AVR) performed simultaneously with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation carries potential for increased mortality rates. Although transcatheter AVR has been used for patients with previous LVAD placement, no literature reports concomitant valve-in-valve transcatheter AVR and LVAD implantation. Our patient had severe aortic prosthetic valve deterioration and advanced heart failure. Given the risks associated with reoperative aortic valve surgery, we chose transcatheter AVR at the time of LVAD implantation...
March 22, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314525/intraoperative-electromagnetic-navigational-bronchoscopic-localization-of-small-deep-or-subsolid-pulmonary-nodules
#13
Abbas Abbas, Sagar Kadakia, Vishnu Ambur, Kimberly Muro, Larry Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Localizing small or deep pulmonary nodules or subsolid ground-glass opacities often is difficult during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS). This can result in larger resections or conversion to thoracotomy. The goal of this study is to evaluate the role of electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopic localization (ENBL) as a safe and accurate intraoperative method to localize small, deep, or subsolid nodules. METHODS: This is a single-institution, single-surgeon retrospective study of all patients (51) who underwent combined ENBL and resection of 54 nodules between May 2013 and August 2015...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291141/antegrade-cardioplegia-decannulation-using-the-cor-knot-system-in-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-surgery
#14
Sabet W Hashim, Philip Y K Pang
A right mini-thoracotomy approach may be used for mitral valve repair without compromising clinical outcomes. Compared with conventional sternotomy, there is an increased distance to the cardiac structures from the mini-thoracotomy incision, which makes certain technical acts more demanding. One particular challenge is hemostasis at the antegrade cardioplegia cannula site. We propose a novel technique to remove an antegrade cardioplegia cannula using the COR-KNOT system. This technique negates the need for tying with a knot pusher and reduces the risk of aortic injury and troublesome bleeding...
March 13, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290005/how-to-treat-tricuspid-valve-disease-what-s-new-on-the-horizon
#15
REVIEW
Karina Brüstle, Christelle Calen, Shingo Kuwata, Fabian Nietlispach, Michel Zuber, Francesco Maisano, Maurizio Taramasso
Tricuspid regurgitation is frequent and is most often caused by annular dilatation and leaflet tethering from adverse right ventricular remodeling in response to several disease processes (functional tricuspid regurgitation), while primary/organic tricuspid valve regurgitation is less common. Surgical intervention for tricuspid regurgitation is usually performed concomitantly to left-sided heart valve surgery. In isolated significant tricuspid regurgitation, however, many patients are left unoperated as they commonly are considered at very high or prohibitive surgical risk...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222779/magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-cerebral-lesions-during-minimal-invasive-mitral-valve-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Cristina Barbero, Davide Ricci, Erik Cura Stura, Augusto Pellegrini, Giovanni Marchetto, Suad ElQarra, Massimo Boffini, Roberto Passera, Maria Consuelo Valentini, Mauro Rinaldi
BACKGROUND: Recent data have highlighted a higher rate of neurological injuries in minimal invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMVS) compared with the standard sternotomy approach; therefore, the role of specific clamping techniques and perfusion strategies on the occurrence of this complication is a matter of discussion in the medical literature. The purpose of this trial is to prospectively evaluate major, minor and silent neurological events in patients undergoing right mini-thoracotomy mitral valve surgery using retrograde perfusion and an endoaortic clamp or a transthoracic clamp...
February 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203539/cost-effectiveness-of-robotic-mitral-valve-surgery
#17
Emmanuel Moss, Michael E Halkos
Significant technological advances have led to an impressive evolution in mitral valve surgery over the last two decades, allowing surgeons to safely perform less invasive operations through the right chest. Most new technology comes with an increased upfront cost that must be measured against postoperative savings and other advantages such as decreased perioperative complications, faster recovery, and earlier return to preoperative level of functioning. The Da Vinci robot is an example of such a technology, combining the significant benefits of minimally invasive surgery with a "gold standard" valve repair...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203535/the-state-of-robotic-cardiac-surgery-in-europe
#18
Matteo Pettinari, Emiliano Navarra, Philippe Noirhomme, Herbert Gutermann
BACKGROUND: In the past two decades, the introduction of robotic technology has facilitated minimally invasive cardiac surgery, allowing surgeons to operate endoscopically rather than through a median sternotomy. This approach has facilitated procedures for several structural heart conditions, including mitral valve repair, atrial septal defect closure and multivessel minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting. In this rapidly evolving field, we review the status of robotic cardiac surgery in Europe with a focus on mitral valve surgery and coronary revascularization...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201842/minimally-invasive-aortic-root-replacement-with-valved-conduits-through-partial-upper-sternotomy
#19
Julia Hillebrand, Mosab Alshakaki, Sven Martens, Mirela Scherer
Background Minimally invasive surgical access through limited sternotomy reduces trauma and morbidity in cardiosurgical patients. However, until now, it is not the standard access for aortic root replacement. This study details our clinic's experience with minimally invasive implantation of valved conduits through partial upper sternotomy and the comparison to conventional full median sternotomy. Methods Between January 2012 and March 2016, a total of 187 patients underwent aortic root replacement with valved conduits in our department...
February 15, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179595/outcomes-of-totally-endoscopic-atrial-septal-defect-closure-using-a-glutaraldehyde-treated-autologous-pericardial-patch
#20
Hidefumi Nishida, Daisuke Nakatsuka, Yuji Kawano, Nobuhiko Hiraiwa, Shuichiro Takanashi, Minoru Tabata
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the outcomes of totally endoscopic minimally invasive surgery for atrial septal defect (ASD) using a glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardial patch in the transcatheter interventional era.Methods and Results:We retrospectively reviewed 37 consecutive patients who underwent totally endoscopic ASD closure with a glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardial patch between June 2011 and April 2015. All patients had been deferred from catheter-based intervention for clinical or anatomical reasons...
February 8, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
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