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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325028/tracking-intrinsic-connectivity-brain-network-features-during-successive-pseudo-resting-states-and-interoceptive-task-fmri
#1
Behnaz Jarrahi, Dante Mantini
Advanced multivariate analyses of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data based on blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) contras have revealed that the human brain organizes its activities into multiple intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs). Several fMRI studies have evaluated the modulations of these networks during different cognitive or emotional tasks using blind source separation techniques particularly the independent component analysis (ICA). In this exploratory study, we applied ICA methodology to examine ICN modulations under different interoceptive conditions...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325009/a-clinic-compatible-open-source-electrophysiology-system
#2
John Hermiz, Nick Rogers, Erik Kaestner, Mehran Ganji, Dan Cleary, Joseph Snider, David Barba, Shadi Dayeh, Eric Halgren, Vikash Gilja
Open source electrophysiology (ephys) recording systems have several advantages over commercial systems such as customization and affordability enabling more researchers to conduct ephys experiments. Notable open source ephys systems include Open-Ephys, NeuroRighter and more recently Willow, all of which have high channel count (64+), scalability, and advanced software to develop on top of. However, little work has been done to build an open source ephys system that is clinic compatible, particularly in the operating room where acute human electrocorticography (ECoG) research is performed...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324950/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-myoelectrical-energy-distribution-of-the-front-neck-muscles-in-pharyngeal-phase-during-normal-swallowing
#3
Mingxing Zhu, Wanzhang Yang, Oluwarotimi Williams Samuel, Yun Xiang, Jianping Huang, Haiqing Zou, Guanglin Li
Pharyngeal phase is a central hub of swallowing in which food bolus pass through from the oral cavity to the esophageal. Proper understanding of the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase is useful for assessing swallowing function and the occurrence of dysphagia in humans. In this study, high-density (HD) surface electromyography (sEMG) was used to study the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase during swallowing tasks involving three healthy male subjects. The root mean square (RMS) of the HD sEMG data was computed by using a series of segmented windows as myoelectrical energy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324931/muscle-activity-distribution-features-extracted-from-hd-semg-to-perform-forearm-pattern-recognition
#4
F Nougarou, A Campeau-Lecours, D Massicotte, B Gosselin
An efficient pattern recognition system based exclusively on forearm surface Electromyographic (sEMG) signals is proposed to provide a more intuitive control of a robotic arm used by some of the disabled. The main contribution of this paper is the use of an original set of features characterizing the muscle activity distribution obtained with high-density sEMG (HD sEMG) sensors. Contrary to simple sEMG, HD sEMG can produce muscle activity images with spatial distributions that differ according to forearm movement...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324804/high-density-lipoprotein-immunomodulates-the-functional-activities-of-macrophage-and-cytokines-produced-during-ex-vivo-macrophage-cd4-t-cell-crosstalk-at-the-recent-onset-human-type-1-diabetes
#5
Ibtissem Benghalem, Warda Meziane, Zeyneb Hadjidj, Lamia Ysmail-Dahlouk, Ahmed Belamri, Kheira Mouhadjer, Mourad Aribi
BACKGROUND: Both CD4(+) T cells and macrophages are mainly involved in the autoimmune-mediated β-cells destruction in type 1 diabetes (T1D). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of HDL on functional activities of macrophage and its ability to regulate the production of cytokines in autologous mixed macrophage/CD4(+) T cells at the recent-onset human type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Cell samples were isolated from volunteers with recent-onset T1D or healthy controls...
March 16, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324763/interaction-of-apoe-e4-and-poor-glycemic-control-predicts-white-matter-hyperintensity-growth-from-73-to-76
#6
Simon R Cox, Stuart J Ritchie, David Alexander Dickie, Alison Pattie, Natalie A Royle, Janie Corley, Benjamin S Aribisala, Sarah E Harris, Maria Valdés Hernández, Alan J Gow, Susana Muñoz Maniega, John M Starr, Mark E Bastin, Joanna M Wardlaw, Ian J Deary
We examined whether apolipoprotein E (APOE) status interacts with vascular risk factors (VRFs) to predict the progression of white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) on brain MRI scans over a specific period of life in older age when the risk of dementia increases. At age 73 years, baseline VRFs were assessed via self-reported history of diabetes, hypertension, smoking, and hypercholesterolemia, and via objective measures of blood HbA1c, body mass index, diastolic and systolic blood pressure, and blood high-density lipoprotein to total cholesterol (HDL) ratio...
February 27, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324756/na-ion-batteries-based-on-the-inorganic-bn-nanocluster-anodes-dft-studies
#7
K Nejati, A Hosseinian, A Bekhradnia, E Vessally, L Edjlali
It has been recently indicated that the Li-ion batteries may be replaced by Na-ion batteries because of their low safety, high cost, and low-temperature performance, and lack of the Li mineral reserves. Here, using density functional theory calculations, we studied the potential application of B12N12 nanoclusters as anode in Na-ion batteries. Our calculations indicate that the adsorption energy of Na(+) and Na are about -23.4 and -1.4kcal/mol, respectively, and the pristine BN cage to improve suffers from a low cell voltage (∼0...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324752/vertical-ground-reaction-force-during-standing-and-walking-are-they-related-to-bone-mineral-density-left-right-asymmetries
#8
Marina Brozgol, Mira Arbiv, Anat Mirelman, Talia Herman, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Nachum Vaisman
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that is characterized by reduced bone mass, deterioration of bone tissue and skeletal fragility. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether asymmetrical femur bone mineral density (BMD) is associated with asymmetrical gait and standing. We compared measures of gait and standing asymmetry in subjects with (n=38) and without (n=11) significant left-right differences in BMD. Participants walked for 72m at their comfortable speed and stood quietly for 60s while outfitted with pressure-sensitive insoles...
March 7, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324727/lithium-vanadate-nanowires-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanocomposites-on-titanium-foil-with-super-high-capacities-for-lithium-ion-batteries
#9
Yunhe Cao, Danyang Chai, Zhiping Luo, Ming Jiang, Weilin Xu, Chuanxi Xiong, Shan Li, Hui Liu, Dong Fang
With a theoretically high capacity and suitable discharge/charge plateaus, lithium vanadates (such as Li0.04V2O5) can be used as cathode material for lithium ion batteries. Herein, Li0.04V2O5 nanowires are densely anchored onto reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets to form a Li0.04V2O5@rGO nanocomposite by a hydrothermal method with subsequent thermal treatment. Due to this unique structure, the Li0.04V2O5@rGO exhibits remarkable rate performance and excellent cycling stability. Specifically, it delivers a reversible discharge capacity of 738...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324721/ultradispersed-nanoarchitecture-of-sns-nanoparticles-reduced-graphene-oxide-for-enhanced-sodium-storage-performance
#10
Junming Li, Xingxing Zhao, Zhian Zhang
SnSanodes for Na-ions (NIBs) batteries are known for theirs significantly high theoretical capacities involving conversion reactions and alloying/dealloying mechanisms. However, the large volume expansion of the SnS materials during electrode reactions and the lowelectrical conductivity could cause severe structural degradation and electrodes pulverization, consequently resulting in capacity fading. In this study, Ultradispersed nanoarchitecture of SnS nanoparticles/reduced graphene oxide (SnS/rGO) is prepared by the in situ growing SnS nanoparticles on the graphene followed by the thermal treatment...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323981/ovarian-lipid-metabolism-modulates-circulating-lipids-in-premenopausal-women
#11
Jeffrey T Jensen, Ilana B Addis, Jon D Hennebold, Randy L Bogan
Context: The premenopausal circulating lipid profile may be linked to the hormonal profile and ovarian lipid metabolism. Objective: Assess how estradiol, progesterone, and ovarian lipid metabolism contribute to the premenopausal lipid profile. Also, evaluate the acute effects of a common hormonal oral contraceptive (OC) on circulating lipids. Design: Experimental crossover with repeated measures. Setting: Academic hospitals...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323920/perinatal-exposure-to-low-dose-bisphenol-a-bpa-disrupts-the-structural-and-functional-development-of-the-hypothalamic-feeding-circuitry
#12
Harry MacKay, Zachary R Patterson, Alfonso Abizaid
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a component of polycarbonate and other plastics to which humans are regularly exposed at low levels. BPA is characterized as an endocrine disruptor due to observations of its estrogenic activity in various experimental models. We have previously shown evidence of disrupted hypothalamic feeding circuitry and leptin sensitivity in adult BPA-exposed animals subject to a high-fat diet, but because these animals were already exhibiting a diet-induced obese phenotype, we could not rule out the possibility that these observations were simply consequences of the obesity, not a pre-existing phenotype produced by BPA exposure...
February 7, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323820/selective-stalling-of-human-translation-through-small-molecule-engagement-of-the-ribosome-nascent-chain
#13
Nathanael G Lintner, Kim F McClure, Donna Petersen, Allyn T Londregan, David W Piotrowski, Liuqing Wei, Jun Xiao, Michael Bolt, Paula M Loria, Bruce Maguire, Kieran F Geoghegan, Austin Huang, Tim Rolph, Spiros Liras, Jennifer A Doudna, Robert G Dullea, Jamie H D Cate
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) plays a key role in regulating the levels of plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Here, we demonstrate that the compound PF-06446846 inhibits translation of PCSK9 by inducing the ribosome to stall around codon 34, mediated by the sequence of the nascent chain within the exit tunnel. We further show that PF-06446846 reduces plasma PCSK9 and total cholesterol levels in rats following oral dosing. Using ribosome profiling, we demonstrate that PF-06446846 is highly selective for the inhibition of PCSK9 translation...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323587/metabolic-syndrome-and-periodontal-disease-among-civilian-pilots
#14
Xi Chen, Lu Xie, Yang Liu, Duanjing Chen, Qing Yu, Xueqi Gan, Haiyang Yu
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities that can affect civilian pilots' health. Its prevalence and the correlation with periodontal disease (PD) among pilots had not been previously reported. The aim of the study was to determine MetS and PD status, and to reveal their relationship in a representative sample of Chinese civilian pilots. METHODS: We investigated 303 civilian pilots (mean age 34.92 ± 7.66 yr). General information as well as blood and saliva samples were collected...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323429/is-high-density-amorphous-ice-simply-a-derailed-state-along-the-ice-i-to-ice-iv-pathway
#15
Jacob James Shephard, Sanliang Ling, Gabriele Cesare Sosso, Angelos Michaelides, Ben Slater, Christoph G Salzmann
The structural nature of high-density amorphous ice (HDA), which forms through low-temperature pressure-induced amorphization of the 'ordinary' ice I, is heavily debated. Clarifying this question is not only important for understanding the complex condensed states of H2O but also in the wider context of pressure-induced amorphization processes, which are encountered across the entire materials spectrum. We first show that ammonium fluoride (NH4F), which has a similar hydrogen-bonded network to ice I, also undergoes a pressure collapse upon compression at 77 K...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323420/synthesis-and-characterization-of-the-high-pressure-nickel-borate-%C3%AE-nib4o7
#16
Martin K Schmitt, Oliver Janka, Oliver Niehaus, Thomas Dresselhaus, Rainer Pöttgen, Florian Pielnhofer, Richard Weihrich, Maria Krzhizhanovskaya, Stanislav Filatov, Rimma Bubnova, Lkhamsuren Bayarjargal, Björn Winkler, Robert Glaum, Hubert Huppertz
γ-NiB4O7 was synthesized in a high-pressure/high-temperature experiment at 5 GPa and 900 °C. The single-crystal structure analysis yielded the following results: space group P6522 (No. 179), a = 425.6(2), c = 3490.5(2) pm, V = 0.5475(2) nm(3), Z = 6, and Flack parameter x = -0.010(5). Second harmonic generation measurements confirmed the acentric crystal structure. Furthermore, γ-NiB4O7 was characterized via vibrational as well as single-crystal electronic absorption spectroscopy, magnetic measurements, high-temperature X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetry...
March 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323409/high-quality-lavo3-films-as-solar-energy-conversion-material
#17
Hai-Tian Zhang, Matthew J Brahlek, Xiaoyu Ji, Shiming Lei, Jason Lapano, John W Freeland, Venkatraman Gopalan, Roman Engel-Herbert
Mott insulating oxides and their heterostructures have recently been identified as potential photovoltaic materials with favorable absorption properties and an intrinsic built-in electric field that can efficiently separate excited electron-hole pairs. At the same time, they are predicted to overcome the Shockley-Queisser limit due to strong electron-electron interaction present. Despite these premises a high concentration of defects commonly observed in Mott insulating films acting as recombination centers can derogate the photovoltaic conversion efficiency...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323407/tunneled-mesoporous-carbon-nanofibers-with-embedded-zno-nanoparticles-for-ultrafast-lithium-storage
#18
Geon-Hyoung An, Do-Young Lee, Hyo-Jin Ahn
Carbon and metal oxide composites have received considerable attention as anode materials for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) owing to their excellent cycling stability and high specific capacity based on the chemical and physical stability of carbon and the high theoretical specific capacity of metal oxides. However, efforts to obtain ultrafast cycling stability in carbon and metal oxide composites at high current density for practical applications still face important challenges because of the longer Li-ion diffusion pathway, which leads to poor ultrafast performance during cycling...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320081/bariatric-surgery-versus-lifestyle-interventions-for-severe-obesity-5-year-changes-in-body-weight-risk-factors-and-comorbidities
#19
B Øvrebø, M Strømmen, B Kulseng, C Martins
Changes in body weight (BW), risk factors and comorbidities 5 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or different lifestyle interventions are compared. A total of 209 (75% women) severe obese adults were non-randomly allocated to: (A) RYGB (n = 58), (B) weight loss (WL) camp (n = 30), (C) residential intermittent programme (n = 64) or (D) hospital outpatient programme (n = 57). Body weight, risk factors and comorbidities were assessed at baseline, 1 and 5 years. A total of 89 and 54% completed the 1- and 5-year follow-up...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320067/patterns-of-low-acuity-patient-presentations-to-emergency-departments-in-new-south-wales-australia
#20
Alexandre S Stephens, Richard A Broome
OBJECTIVE: To explore the patterns of low acuity patient (LAP) presentations to EDs in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: Retrospective study of NSW public hospital ED presentations between January 2013 and December 2014 that were registered in the NSW Emergency Department Data Collection (n = 409 035). LAPs were defined according to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), Sprivulis and multiple ACEM methods. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the adjusted odds of LAP ED presentation by a suite of sociodemographic factors...
March 20, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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