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Pea protein supplementation

Shima Bibi, Luís Fernando de Sousa Moraes, Noelle Lebow, Mei-Jun Zhu
Obesity is a risk factor for developing inflammatory bowel disease. Pea is unique with its high content of dietary fiber, polyphenolics, and glycoproteins, all of which are known to be health beneficial. We aimed to investigate the impact of green pea (GP) supplementation on the susceptibility of high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Six-week-old C57BL/6J female mice were fed a 45% HFD or HFD supplemented with 10% GP. After 7-week dietary supplementation, colitis was induced by adding 2...
May 18, 2017: Nutrients
Farzaneh Garousi, Éva Domokos-Szabolcsy, Mihály Jánószky, Andrea Balláné Kovács, Szilvia Veres, Áron Soós, Béla Kovács
Selenium deficiency in various degrees affects around 15% of the world's population, contributing to a variety of health problems. In this study, we examined the accumulation and biotransformation of soil applied Se-supplementation (sodium selenite and sodium selenate forms) at different concentrations, along with growth and yield formation of green pea, in a greenhouse experiment. Biotransformation of inorganic Se was evaluated using HPLC-ICP-MS for Se-species separation in the above ground parts of green pea...
March 29, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Farzaneh Garousi, Béla Kovács, Éva Domokos-Szabolcsy, Szilvia Veres
Supplement of common fertilizers with selenium (Se) for crop production will be an effective way to produce selenium-rich food and feed. The value of green pea seeds and forages as alternative protein source can be improved by using agronomic biofortification. Therefore, biological changes of green pea (Pisum sativum L.) and influences of inorganic forms of Se (sodium selenite and sodium selenate) at different concentrations on the accumulation of magnesium (Mg) and phosphorus (P) were investigated in greenhouse experiment...
March 2017: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Tristan Chalvon-Demersay, Dalila Azzout-Marniche, Judith Arfsten, Léonie Egli, Claire Gaudichon, Leonidas G Karagounis, Daniel Tomé
Dietary protein may play an important role in the prevention of metabolic dysfunctions. However, the way in which the protein source affects these dysfunctions has not been clearly established. The aim of the current systematic review was to compare the impact of plant- and animal-sourced dietary proteins on several features of metabolic syndrome in humans. The PubMed database was searched for both chronic and acute interventional studies, as well as observational studies, in healthy humans or those with metabolic dysfunctions, in which the impact of animal and plant protein intake was compared while using the following variables: cholesterolemia and triglyceridemia, blood pressure, glucose homeostasis, and body composition...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
Mohammad Farhadur Rahman, Anubrata Ghosal, Mohammad Firoz Alam, Ahmad Humayan Kabir
Cadmium (Cd) is an important phytotoxic element causing health hazards. This work investigates whether and how silicon (Si) influences the alleviation of Cd toxicity in field peas at biochemical and molecular level. The addition of Si in Cd-stressed plants noticeably increased growth and development as well as total protein and membrane stability of Cd-stressed plants, suggesting that Si does have critical roles in Cd detoxification in peas. Furthermore, Si supplementation in Cd-stressed plants showed simultaneous significant increase and decrease of Cd and Fe in roots and shoots, respectively, compared with Cd-stressed plants...
January 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
R M Claassen, D A Christensen, T Mutsvangwa
Our objective was to examine the effects of feeding coextruded and nonextruded supplements consisting of wheat dried distillers grains with solubles with peas (WDDGS-peas) or canola meal (WDDGS-CM) on ruminal fermentation, omasal flow, and production performance in Holstein cows. Eight cows (4 ruminally cannulated) were used in a replicated 4×4 Latin square with 28-d periods and a 2×2 factorial arrangement of dietary treatments. Dietary treatments were coextruded or nonextruded mixtures of WDDGS-peas and WDDGS-CM that were included in total mixed rations at 15...
September 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Lydia Campbell, Stephen R Euston, Mohamed A Ahmed
This paper investigates the sensory acceptability and textural properties of leavened wheat bread and sponge cake fortified with cow protein isolates that had been denatured and glycated by thermal treatment. Defatted cowpea flour was prepared from cow pea beans and the protein isolate was prepared (CPI) and thermally denatured (DCPI). To prepare glycated cowpea protein isolate (GCPI) the cowpea flour slurry was heat treated before isolation of the protein. CPI was more susceptible to thermal denaturation than GCPI as determined by turbidity and sulphydryl groups resulting in greater loss of solubility...
March 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Karianna F M Teunissen-Beekman, Janneke Dopheide, Johanna M Geleijnse, Stephan J L Bakker, Elizabeth J Brink, Peter W de Leeuw, Casper G Schalkwijk, Marleen A van Baak
Endothelial dysfunction (ED) and low-grade inflammation (LGI) have a role in the development of CVD. The two studies reported here explored the effects of dietary proteins and carbohydrates on markers of ED and LGI in overweight/obese individuals with untreated elevated blood pressure. In the first study, fifty-two participants consumed a protein mix or maltodextrin (3×20 g/d) for 4 weeks. Fasting levels and 12 h postprandial responses of markers of ED (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM), soluble endothelial selectin and von Willebrand factor) and markers of LGI (serum amyloid A, C-reactive protein and sICAM) were evaluated before and after intervention...
December 14, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
F A Allaert, L Guérin-Deremaux, A Mauray-Soulier, M H Saniez-Degrave
BACKGROUND: An increase in daily doses of protein and fiber for the elderly is relevant in preventing sarcopenia and preserving intestinal balance. However, such intake of supplements is often compromised by the lack of adherence among the elderly. OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to evaluate the perception of the hedonic qualities of compote enriched with NUTRALYS(®) pea protein, NUTRALYS(®)W hydrolyzed wheat gluten and NUTRIOSE(®) soluble fiber and the changes in that perception due to repeated consumption...
April 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
G V Jakobsen, B B Jensen, K E Bach Knudsen, N Canibe
Fluctuating prices of cereals have led to an interest in alternative ingredients for feed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fermentation and the addition of nonstarch polysaccharide (NSP)-degrading enzymes on the ileal and total tract digestibility of nutrients of a diet based on locally grown crops. Four diets were fed including a nonfermented liquid standard grower diet (Control) and 3 experimental diets based on high-moisture corn, rapeseed cake, and peas fed as nonfermented liquid feed (nFLF), fermented liquid feed (FLF), or FLF supplemented with an enzyme mixture of β-glucanase + xylanase + pectinase (FLF+Enz)...
May 2015: Journal of Animal Science
Narendra Tuteja, Panchanand Mishra, Sandep Yadav, Marjan Tajrishi, Sudhir Baral, Surendra Chandra Sabat
BACKGROUND: CuZn-Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is a unique enzyme, which can catalyzes the dismutation of inevitable metabolic product i.e.; superoxide anion into molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme has gained wide interest in pharmaceutical industries due to its highly acclaimed antioxidative properties. The recombinant expression of this protein in its enzymatically active and stable form is highly desired and hence optimization of culture conditions and characterization of the related biochemical properties are essential to explore the significance of the enzyme in physiological, therapeutic, structural and transgenic research...
2015: BMC Biotechnology
Nicolas Babault, Christos Païzis, Gaëlle Deley, Laetitia Guérin-Deremaux, Marie-Hélène Saniez, Catherine Lefranc-Millot, François A Allaert
BACKGROUND: The effects of protein supplementation on muscle thickness and strength seem largely dependent on its composition. The current study aimed at comparing the impact of an oral supplementation with vegetable Pea protein (NUTRALYS®) vs. Whey protein and Placebo on biceps brachii muscle thickness and strength after a 12-week resistance training program. METHODS: One hundred and sixty one males, aged 18 to 35 years were enrolled in the study and underwent 12 weeks of resistance training on upper limb muscles...
2015: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
T Aumiller, R Mosenthin, F Rink, K Hartung, E Weiss
In this in vitro study, the modified Hohenheim gas test was used to determine fermentation activity and bacterial composition of pig's faecal microbial inoculum, when fermenting a standard pig diet with varying levels of crude protein (CP; 20, 24 and 28% CP), and supplemented with one of three fibre sources manufactured by micronization treatment. These were wheat envelopes (MWE), pea fibre (MPF) and lupine fibre (MLF). For comparison, inulin was used. As intestinal bacteria have to cope with varying osmotic conditions in their ecosystem, fermentation was performed under normal buffered and osmotic stress conditions...
December 2015: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Guangmang Liu, Liang Xiao, Tingting Fang, Yimin Cai, Gang Jia, Hua Zhao, Jing Wang, Xiaoling Chen, Caimei Wu
This study aimed to examine the effect of pea fiber (PF) and wheat bran fiber (WF) supplementation in rat metabolism. Rats were assigned randomly to one of three dietary groups and were given a basal diet containing 15% PF, 15% WF, or no supplemental fiber. Urine and plasma samples were analyzed by NMR-based metabolomics. PF significantly increased the plasma levels of 3-hydroxybutyrate, and myo-inositol as well as the urine levels of alanine, hydroxyphenylacetate, phenylacetyglycine, and α-ketoglutarate. However, PF significantly decreased the plasma levels of isoleucine, leucine, lactate, and pyruvate as well as the urine levels of allantoin, bile acids, and trigonelline...
2014: PloS One
Amanda Rasmussen, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini, Mohammed-Reza Hajirezaei, Uwe Druege, Danny Geelen
Adventitious rooting, whereby roots form from non-root tissues, is critical to the forestry and horticultural industries that depend on propagating plants from cuttings. A major problem is that age of the tissue affects the ability of the cutting to form adventitious roots. Here, a model system has been developed using Pisum sativum to differentiate between different interpretations of ageing. It is shown that the decline in adventitious rooting is linked to the ontogenetic switch from vegetative to floral and is mainly attributed to the cutting base...
March 2015: Journal of Experimental Botany
M Brscic, P Prevedello, A L Stefani, G Cozzi, F Gottardo
The study compared the effects of enriching a basic solid feed mixture made of corn grain and straw with a protein source (extruded pea) or with urea on growth, health, behavior, and carcass quality of veal calves. Seventy-nine calves, divided according to their initial body weight (59.8 ± 6.9 kg) into 3 groups (5 pens of 5 or 6 animals per group), were allotted to 1 of 3 experimental feeding treatments: milk replacer plus an 85:15 (as-fed basis) mixture of corn grain and wheat straw (CGS); milk replacer plus a 72:15:13 mixture of corn grain, wheat straw, and extruded pea (CGS-EP); or milk replacer plus an 83...
July 2014: Journal of Dairy Science
Ana Sofia Tomé, Carla Pires, Irineu Batista, Isabel Sousa, Anabela Raymundo
BACKGROUND: Portioning of frozen fish generates by-products such as fish 'sawdust' and cut-offs which can be further processed into protein concentrates and isolates. The objective of the present work was to produce gels and emulsions using recovered Cape hake protein powder (HPP). In previous works, the structures of the gels produced by HPP were found to be strong, with a high rubbery character. In this work, the addition of commercial pea proteins (PPC) to HPP gels and emulsions was studied...
January 2015: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Jennifer E Lambert, Jill A Parnell, Jay Han, Troy Sturzenegger, Heather A Paul, Hans J Vogel, Raylene A Reimer
BACKGROUND: Fibre intake among North Americans is currently less than half the recommended amount. Consumers are interested in food products that could promote weight loss and improve health. Consequently, evaluation of unique fibre sources with potential gut-mediated benefits for metabolic health warrants investigation. Our objective is to assess the effects of yellow pea fibre supplementation on weight loss and gut microbiota in an overweight and obese adult population. METHODS/DESIGN: In a double blind, placebo controlled, parallel group study, overweight and obese (BMI = 25-38) adults will be randomized to either a 15 g/d yellow pea fibre supplemented group or isocaloric placebo group for 12 weeks (n = 30/group)...
April 8, 2014: BMC Gastroenterology
Zali Yager, Jennifer A O'Dea
BACKGROUND: Reports of high levels of use of protein powders and nutritional supplements among young men is a concern because these substances may act as a gateway for the use of drugs and illegal substances to enhance appearance or sports performance. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between body dissatisfaction, weight change behaviors, supplement use, and attitudes towards doping in sport among an adolescent male sample. METHODS: Participants were 1148 male adolescents (age range 11-21 years) in Australia who completed a self-report questionnaire that measured weight change behaviors, supplement use, body dissatisfaction (Male Body Attitudes Scale; MBAS) and attitudes towards doping in sport (Performance Enhancing Attitudes Survey; PEAS)...
2014: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Bassam Al Atalah, Guy Smagghe, Els J M Van Damme
The present study reports the insecticidal activity of Orysata, a lectin from rice with mannose specificity, belonging to the family of jacalin-related lectins. The effect of Orysata was investigated against three important pest insects in agriculture: the beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and two aphid pests: green peach aphid Myzus persicae Sulzer and pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum (Hemiptera: Aphidoidea). Bioassays with S. exigua and M. persicae were performed using detached leaves from transgenic tobacco lines overexpressing Orysata...
May 2014: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
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