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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342217/how-do-the-outcomes-of-the-deka-arm-compare-to-conventional-prostheses
#1
Linda J Resnik, Matthew L Borgia, Frantzy Acluche, Jill M Cancio, Gail Latlief, Nicole Sasson
OBJECTIVES: Objectives were to 1) compare self-reported function, dexterity, activity performance, quality of life and community integration of the DEKA Arm to conventional prostheses; and 2) examine differences in outcomes by conventional prosthesis type, terminal device type and by DEKA Arm configuration level. METHODS: This was a two-part study; Part A consisted of in-laboratory training. Part B consisted of home use. Study participants were 23 prosthesis users (mean age = 45 ± 16; 87% male) who completed Part A, and 15 (mean age = 45 ± 18; 87% male) who completed Parts A and B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342210/effects-of-theory-of-mind-performance-training-on-reducing-bullying-involvement-in-children-and-adolescents-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Meng-Jung Liu, Le-Yin Ma, Wen-Jiun Chou, Yu-Min Chen, Tai-Ling Liu, Ray C Hsiao, Huei-Fan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
Bullying involvement is prevalent among children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the effects of theory of mind performance training (ToMPT) on reducing bullying involvement in children and adolescents with high-functioning ASD. Children and adolescents with high-functioning ASD completed ToMPT (n = 26) and social skills training (SST; n = 23) programs. Participants in both groups and their mothers rated the pretraining and posttraining bullying involvement of participants on the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341857/development-of-visibility-forecasting-modelling-framework-for-the-lower-fraser-valley-of-british-columbia-using-canada-s-regional-air-quality-deterministic-prediction-system
#3
Rita So, Andrew Teakles, Jonathan Baik, Roxanne Vingarzan, Keith Jones
Visibility degradation, one of the most noticeable indicators of poor air quality, can occur despite relatively low levels of particulate matter when the risk to human health is low. The availability of timely and reliable visibility forecasts can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the anticipated air quality conditions to better inform local jurisdictions and the public. This paper describes the development of a visibility forecasting modelling framework, which leverages the existing air quality and meteorological forecasts from Canada's operational Regional Air Quality Deterministic Prediction System (RAQDPS) for the Lower Fraser Valley of British Columbia...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341800/factors-associated-with-patient-satisfaction-in-an-outpatient-glaucoma-population
#4
Kamran Rahmatnejad, Jonathan S Myers, Megan E Falls, Sarah R Myers, Michael Waisbourd, Lisa A Hark
PURPOSE: To determine what metrics might impact satisfaction survey responses. METHODS: A 37-question survey was administered to 249 participants. Responses were correlated to demographics, clinical factors, weather conditions, and examination timing. RESULTS: Sample consists of 55.4% female and 73.9% white, and mean age was 65.1 years. Participants were assigned to: completely satisfied (77.9%) or not completely satisfied (22.1%) groups based on their rating of glaucoma specialist on a scale of 1-10, while 10 considered "completely satisfied" and less than 10 "not completely satisfied...
January 17, 2018: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341442/motivating-influences-and-ability-based-outcomes-of-dental-hygiene-baccalaureate-education-in-canada
#5
Z Kanji, D M Laronde
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies on Canadian baccalaureate dental hygienists. As discussions about baccalaureate education for dental hygiene continue on a national level, examining outcomes of earning a dental hygiene degree is paramount. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivating reasons and ability-based outcomes of earning a Bachelor of Dental Science in Dental Hygiene (BDSc) degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. METHODS: UBC dental hygiene entry-to-practice (ETP) and degree-completion (DC) graduates (n = 116; 32%) from 1994 to 2016 participated in an online mixed-methods survey...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341133/development-and-initial-validity-of-the-in-hand-manipulation-assessment
#6
Gabrielle Klymenko, Karen P Y Liu, Michelle Bissett, Kenneth N K Fong, Nandana Welage, Rebecca S M Wong
BACKGROUND/AIM: A review of the literature related to in-hand manipulation (IHM) revealed that there is no assessment which specifically measures this construct in the adult population. This study reports the face and content validity of an IHM assessment for adults with impaired hand function based on expert opinion. METHODS: The definition of IHM skills, assessment tasks and scoring methods identified from literature was discussed in a focus group (n = 4) to establish face validity...
January 17, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340941/internal-medicine-residents-attitudes-toward-simulated-depressed-cardiac-patients-during-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-a-randomized-study
#7
Kathleen Crapanzano, Dixie Fisher, Rebecca Hammarlund, Eric P Hsieh, Win May
BACKGROUND: Physician biases toward mental conditions such as depression have been shown to adversely affect medical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between residents' explicit bias toward depressed patients and their clinical skills on a cardiac case during an objective structured clinical exam (OSCE). DESIGN: Prospective parallel randomized controlled study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-five internal medicine residents from three residency programs in two states...
January 16, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339991/multivariate-profiles-of-selected-versus-non-selected-elite-youth-brazilian-soccer-players
#8
Rodrigo Aquino, Isabella S Alves, Maickel B Padilha, Filipe Casanova, Enrico F Puggina, José Maia
This study determined whether a multivariate profile more effectively discriminated selected than non-selected elite youth Brazilian soccer players. This examination was carried out on 66 youth soccer players (selected, n = 28, mean age 16.3 ± 0.1; non-selected, n = 38, mean age 16.7 ± 0.4) using objective instruments. Multivariate profiles were assessed through anthropometric characteristics, biological maturation, tactical-technical skills, and motor performance. The Student's t-test identified that selected players exhibited significantly higher values for height (t = 2...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339940/applying-an-information-literacy-rubric-to-first-year-health-sciences-student-research-posters
#9
Xan Goodman, John Watts, Rogelio Arenas, Rachelle Weigel, Tony Terrell
Objective: This article describes the collection and analysis of annotated bibliographies created by first-year health sciences students to support their final poster projects. The authors examined the students' abilities to select relevant and authoritative sources, summarize the content of those sources, and correctly cite those sources. Methods: We collected images of 1,253 posters, of which 120 were sampled for analysis, and scored the posters using a 4-point rubric to evaluate the students' information literacy skills...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338751/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-a-designated-program-on-illegal-drug-cessation-among-adolescents-who-experiment-with-drugs
#10
Chiu-Ching Chang, Jung-Yu Liao, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Chih-Che Chen, Jong-Long Guo
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that adolescent-onset drug users experience a greater likelihood of dependence that continues into adulthood. The importance of early intervention was evident in treating adolescents before their substance use progressed. We examined the effectiveness of an intervention program that prevents students who experiment with drugs from reusing them. METHODS: The study was based on 10 out of 18 invited schools that were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (5 schools, n = 43) or the comparison group (5 schools, n = 41)...
January 16, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337007/postnatal-post-traumatic-stress-an-integrative-review
#11
Madeleine Simpson, Virginia Schmied, Cathy Dickson, Hannah Grace Dahlen
PROBLEM: Post-traumatic stress disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms following birth occur amongst a small proportion of women but can lead to poor maternal mental health, impairment in mother-infant bonding and relationship stress. This integrative review aims to examine the associated risk factors and women's own experiences of postnatal post-traumatic stress in order to better understand this phenomenon. METHOD: Fifty three articles were included and critically reviewed using the relevant Critical Appraisal Skills Program checklists or Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology assessment tool...
January 11, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336728/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-interventions-for-improving-cognitive-performance-and-academic-achievement-in-children-after-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review
#12
Susan M Pfeiffer, Amanda D Hutchinson
Academic decline has been reported in children after cancer treatment, believed to be as a result of cognitive impairment. Cognitive interventions may improve both the present and future outcomes for children after cancer treatment by improving cognitive and/or academic performance. This review aimed to examine the efficacy of cognitive interventions in children who had received cancer treatment. A systematic search of the PsycInfo and PubMed databases was conducted in May 2015 to identify studies in which cognitive interventions were conducted with children who had undergone cancer treatment and were under the age of 21...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336103/staff-preparedness-for-providing-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-in-long-term-care-homes-instrument-development-and-validation
#13
Helen Yl Chan, Gloria Km Chun, C W Man, Edward Mf Leung
AIM: Although much attention has been on integrating the palliative care approach into services of long-term care homes for older people living with frailty and progressive diseases, little is known about the staff preparedness for these new initiatives. The present study aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument for measuring care home staff preparedness in providing palliative and end-of-life care. METHODS: A 16-item instrument, covering perceived knowledge, skill and psychological readiness, was developed...
January 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336010/the-unique-role-of-executive-function-skills-in-predicting-hong-kong-kindergarteners-reading-comprehension
#14
Yingyi Liu, Huilin Sun, Dan Lin, Hong Li, Susanna Siu-Sze Yeung, Terry Tin-Yau Wong
BACKGROUND: Word reading and linguistic comprehension skills are two crucial components in reading comprehension, according to the Simple View of Reading (SVR). Some researchers have posited that a third component should be involved in reading and understanding texts, namely executive function (EF) skills. AIM: This study was novel in two ways. Not only did we tested EF skills as a predictor of reading comprehension in a non-alphabetic language (i.e., Chinese) to extend the theoretical model of SVR, we also examined reading comprehension further in kindergarten children (age 5) in Hong Kong, in the attempt to reveal possible early precursors of reading comprehension...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334274/an-overview-of-robotic-mechanical-devices-for-post-stroke-thumb-rehabilitation
#15
Marian Suarez-Escobar, Elizabeth Rendon-Velez
PURPOSE: This article aims to clarify the current state-of-the-art of robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation as well as the anatomical characteristics and motions of the thumb that are crucial for the development of any device that aims to support its motion. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation. Specific electronic databases and well-defined search terms and inclusion/exclusion criteria were used for such purpose...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331404/reliability-and-validity-of-the-adapted-resistance-training-skills-battery-for-children
#16
Bonnie J Furzer, Marc D Bebich-Philip, Kemi E Wright, Siobhan L Reid, Ashleigh L Thornton
OBJECTIVES: Resistance training (RT) is emerging as a training modality to improve motor function and facilitate physical activity participation in children across the motor proficiency spectrum. Although RT competency assessments have been established and validated among adolescent cohorts, the extent to which these methods are suitable for assessing children's RT skills is unknown. This project aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the adapted Resistance Training Skills Battery for Children (RTSBc), in children with varying motor proficiency...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330977/effectiveness-of-horizontal-peer-assisted-learning-in-physical-examination-performance
#17
Inamullah Shah, Usman Mahboob, Sajida Shah
BACKGROUND: All students cannot be individually trained in physical examination skills due to faculty and time limitations. Peer-assisted learning (PAL) can solve this dilemma if it is used in undergraduate curriculum. Empirical effectiveness of horizontal peer-assisted learning model has not been reported previously. The objective of this study was to compare horizontal peer-assisted learning (PAL) with expert-assisted learning (EAL) in teaching of physical examination skills. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled study (Solomon four group design) carried out at a medical school...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330973/the-effect-of-sex-education-and-life-skills-for-preventive-sexual-risk-behaviours-among-university-of-students-in-thailand
#18
Katekaew Seangpraw, Rattana Somrongthong, Monchanok Choowanthanapakorn, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Currently, the problem of sexual risk behaviour of adolescents has increased worldwide, including Thailand. This study compared the effectiveness of promoting life skills to prevent sexual risk behaviours among university students in the Phayao Province of Thailand. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was employed with a pre- and post-test study for a sample of freshmen university students. The students were then split into an intervention group comprised of 300 students, with a second group of 250 students from the same faculty as the control group...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330595/consistency-not-speed-temporal-regularity-as-a-metacognitive-cue
#19
Lisa M Stevenson, Richard A Carlson
We examined the hypothesis that skilled performance is monitored on the basis of fluency, where fluency is operationally defined as temporal regularity or rhythmicity rather than speed. Since error is often associated with variable timing, we tested the possibility that people use varied timing as a metacognitive cue. Using a sequential counting task, which may be representative of the broader class of skilled, multi-step tasks, we found that shifting between irregular and regular timing led to greater confidence ratings when the timing associated with the task was regular...
January 12, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329440/executive-function-and-internalizing-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-the-role-of-coping
#20
Jamie L Jackson, Gina M Gerardo, Jennifer D Monti, Kyle A Schofield, Kathryn Vannatta
Executive functioning deficits have been documented among congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors and may contribute to emotional distress. Little research has investigated the role of coping in this association. This study examined the role of coping in accounting for the association between self-reported executive function problems and internalizing symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults (AEAs), as well as young adults (YAs) with CHD. Participants included 74 AEA ( M age  = 19.32  ±  3.47 years, range 15-25 years) and 98 YA CHD survivors ( M age  = 32...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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