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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938104/do-nurses-personal-health-behaviours-impact-on-their-health-promotion-practice-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Muireann Kelly, Jane Wills, Susie Sykes
BACKGROUND: There is a growing expectation in national and international policy and from professional bodies that nurses be role models for healthy behaviours, the rationale being that there is a relationship between nurses' personal health and the adoption of healthier behaviours by patients. This may be from patients being motivated by, and modelling, the visible healthy lifestyle of the nurse or that nurses are more willing to promote the health of their patients by offering public health or health promotion advice and referring the patient to support services...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937863/bullying-victimization-binge-drinking-and-marijuana-use-among-adolescents-results-from-the-2013-national-youth-risk-behavior-survey
#2
Emily Priesman, Rameika Newman, Jason A Ford
The current research examines the association between bullying victimization, binge drinking, and marijuana use among adolescents. We seek to determine if this association varies based on the type of bullying experienced, traditional or cyberbullying. We used data from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a nationally representative sample of high school students in the United States. The dependent variables were binge drinking and marijuana use. Our key independent variable, bullying victimization, included both traditional and cyberbullying...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937514/surgical-skills-feedback-and-mytipreport-is-there-construct-validity
#3
AnnaMarie Connolly, Anita Blanchard, Alice Goepfert, Nicole Donnellan, Elizabeth Buys, Richard Uribe, Kimberly Kenton
OBJECTIVE: To initiate construct validity testing of myTIPreport for procedural skill assessment in a prospective multicenter evaluation study. METHODS: Teachers and learners from a convenience-based site selection of obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) and female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) training programs performed procedural assessments in myTIPreport. The specifically defined 5-point Dreyfus rating scale describing ability levels from novice to expert was used...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937497/cognitive-skills-training-for-homeless-transition-age-youth-feasibility-and-pilot-efficacy-of-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Alice Medalia, Alice M Saperstein, Yanlan Huang, Seonjoo Lee, Elizabeth J Ronan
Cognitive impairments are common in homeless youth and negatively impact academic and vocational outcomes. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of cognitive interventions provided to 18- to 22-year-old homeless youth living in urban supportive housing. Ninety-one homeless youth were randomized to receive either targeted cognitive training (cognitive remediation) or general cognitive activation (computer skills training). Cognitive and psychological outcomes were assessed at baseline, after 13 and 26 sessions, and 1 month postintervention...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937453/language-underperformance-in-young-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-are-the-expectations-too-low
#5
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Rose Sheldon, Sandra Grether, Mekibib Altaye, Laura Smith, Daniel I Choo, Susan Wiley
OBJECTIVE: (1) To examine language performance in the context of cognitive abilities in young children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing and (2) to identify factors associated with having a language underperformance, defined as a gap between the language standard score and the nonverbal IQ (NVIQ) standard score. METHODS: Children 6 to 82 months of age with bilateral hearing loss were enrolled. Language performance was defined as a ratio of language skills relative to cognitive abilities with language underperformance defined as a ratio of language scores to NVIQ <0...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936887/interpretation-of-correlations-in-clinical-research
#6
Man Hung, Jerry Bounsanga, Maren Wright Voss
BACKGROUND: Critically analyzing research is a key skill in evidence-based practice and requires knowledge of research methods, results interpretation, and applications, all of which rely on a foundation based in statistics. Evidence-based practice makes high demands on trained medical professionals to interpret an ever-expanding array of research evidence. OBJECTIVE: As clinical training emphasizes medical care rather than statistics, it is useful to review the basics of statistical methods and what they mean for interpreting clinical studies...
September 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936692/the-therapeutic-relationship-as-predictor-of-change-in-music-therapy-with-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Karin Mössler, Christian Gold, Jörg Aßmus, Karin Schumacher, Claudine Calvet, Silke Reimer, Gun Iversen, Wolfgang Schmid
This study examined whether the therapeutic relationship in music therapy with children with Autism Spectrum Disorder predicts generalized changes in social skills. Participants (4-7 years, N = 48) were assessed at baseline, 5 and 12 months. The therapeutic relationship, as observed from session videos, and the generalized change in social skills, as judged by independent blinded assessors and parents, were evaluated using standardized tools (Assessment of the Quality of Relationship; ADOS; SRS). Linear mixed effect models showed significant interaction effects between the therapeutic relationship and several outcomes at 5 and 12 months...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936375/hand-hygiene-practices-among-indian-medical-undergraduates-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#8
Pranav D Modi, Pooja Kumar, Rajavi Solanki, Janhavi Modi, Srinath Chandramani, Niharika Gill
Background and objectives To prevent the spread of infections in all healthcare settings, hand hygiene must be routinely practiced. Appropriate hand hygiene techniques can go a long way in reducing nosocomial infections, cross-transmission of microorganisms and the risk of occupational exposure to infectious diseases. World Health Organisation (WHO) has taken an incredible approach called "My Five Moments for Hand Hygiene" which defines the key moments when health-care workers should perform hand hygiene. We thus carried out a survey to assess knowledge of hand hygiene practices among undergraduate medical students...
July 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936018/effects-of-a-video-feedback-parent-training-program-during-child-welfare-visitation
#9
Rhonda N T Nese, Cynthia M Anderson, Traci Ruppert, Philip A Fisher
Behavioral parent training programs have documented efficacy for improving behaviors among parents and their children and are frequently used by child welfare agencies to prevent removal of a child from the parental home or to facilitate reunification. Although an ideal time for parent training might be during supervised visits where parents may practice skills with their children under the guidance and support of a therapist or caseworker, this is not typically the case. Most often, parents within the child welfare system receive parent training in small groups without their children present, and to date, few studies have examined effects of behavioral parent training interventions during supervised visitation...
December 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935833/how-to-use%C3%A2-the-direct-ophthalmoscope
#10
Sam P Gurney, Taiwo Makanjuola, Muhammad Kutubi, Manoj Parulekar, Joseph Abbott
Ophthalmoscopy and red reflex examination are core medical skills required to identify sight-threatening and life-threatening disease. We discuss the predictive utility and limitations of findings with an ophthalmoscope and tips as to how to optimise these. We outline important considerations in three clinical scenarios: an abnormal red reflex, an abnormal optic disc and retinal haemorrhages in the context of child protection concerns.
September 21, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935564/antinociception-induced-by-a-novel-%C3%AE-2a-adrenergic-receptor-agonist-in-rodents-acute-and-chronic-pain-models
#11
Roberto Takashi Sudo, Rachel Vieiralves do Amaral, Carlos Eduardo da Silva Monteiro, Ivan da Rocha Pitta, Maria do Carmo Lima, Guilherme Carneiro Montes, Douglas Gordon Ririe, Kenichiro Hayashida, Gisele Zapata-Sudo
The mechanisms and antinociceptive effects of a novel α2A adrenoceptor agonist, 3-(2-chloro-6-fluorobenzil)-imidazolinide-2,4-dione (PT-31) were investigated using animal models of acute and chronic pain. The effects of PT-31 on pain responses were examined using hot plate and formalin tests in mice and spinal nerve ligation (SNL)-induced hyperalgesia in rats. The effects of antagonists acting on α adrenoceptor were assessed to investigate the interaction of these pathways upon PT-31 induced antinociception...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934863/effects-of-job-burnout-and-emotional-labor-on-objective-structured-clinical-examination-performance-among-interns-and-residents-in-taiwan
#12
Chen-Yu Wang, Jen-De Chen, Chih-Hung Wang, Jong-Yi Wang, Chih-Jaan Tai, Tsu-Yi Hsieh, Der-Yuan Chen
Medical education faces challenges concerning job burnout and emotional labor among junior physicians, which poses a potential threat to the quality of medical care. Although studies have investigated job burnout and emotional labor among physicians, empirical research on the association between job burnout, emotional labor, and clinical performance is lacking. This study investigated the effects of job burnout and emotional labor on clinical performance by using the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores of interns and residents...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934295/the-lithic-assemblages-of-donggutuo-nihewan-basin-knapping-skills-of-early-pleistocene-hominins-in-north-china
#13
Shi-Xia Yang, Michael D Petraglia, Ya-Mei Hou, Jian-Ping Yue, Cheng-Long Deng, Ri-Xiang Zhu
Donggutuo (DGT) is one of the richest archaeological localities in the Nihewan Basin of North China, thereby providing key information about the technological behaviours of early hominins in eastern Asia. Although DGT has been subject of multiple excavations and technological studies over the past several decades, few detailed studies on the lithic assemblages have been published. Here we summarize and describe the DGT lithic assemblages, examining stone tool reduction methods and technological skills. DGT dates to ca...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934055/do-reading-and-spelling-share-orthographic-representations-evidence-from-developmental-dysgraphia
#14
Christopher Hepner, Michael McCloskey, Brenda Rapp
Both spelling and reading depend on knowledge of the spellings of words. Despite this commonality, observed dissociations between spelling and reading in cases of acquired and developmental deficits suggest some degree of independence between the cognitive mechanisms involved in these skills. In this paper, we examine the relationship between spelling and reading in two children with developmental dysgraphia. For both children, we identified significant deficits in spelling that affected the processing of orthographic long-term memory representations of words...
September 21, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933953/differential-programming-needs-of-college-students-preferring-web-based-versus-in-person-physical-activity-programs
#15
Stephanie P Goldstein, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert
College students report several barriers to exercise, highlighting a need for university-based programs that address these challenges. In contrast to in-person interventions, several web-based programs have been developed to enhance program engagement by increasing ease of access and lowering the necessary level of commitment to participate. Unfortunately, web-based programs continue to struggle with engagement and less-than-ideal outcomes. One explanation for this discrepancy is that different intervention modalities may attract students with distinctive activity patterns, motivators, barriers, and program needs...
September 21, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933901/motivation-to-avoid-loss-improves-implicit-skill-performance
#16
Danbee Chon, Kelsey R Thompson, Paul J Reber
Implicit learning reflects learning from experience that occurs without intention or awareness of the information acquired and is hypothesized to contribute to skill acquisition by improving performance with practice. The role of motivation has not been examined because this kind of memory is represented outside awareness. We manipulated motivation (approach/avoidance) and type of feedback (positive/negative) to measure how these affected a well-studied task of implicit sequence learning. Across 2 experiments, we found a consistent effect that motivation to avoid loss led to much higher levels of sequence-specific task performance...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933895/individual-variability-in-the-semantic-processing-of-english-compound-words
#17
Daniel Schmidtke, Julie A Van Dyke, Victor Kuperman
Semantic transparency effects during compound word recognition provide critical insight into the organization of semantic knowledge and the nature of semantic processing. The past 25 years of psycholinguistic research on compound semantic transparency has produced discrepant effects, leaving the existence and nature of its influence unresolved. In the present study, we examined the influence of semantic transparency and individual reading experience on eye-movement behavior during sentence reading. Eye-movement data were collected from 138 non-college-bound 16- to 26-year-old speakers of English in a sentence-reading task representing a total of 455 different compound words...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933883/not-just-numeracy-and-literacy-theory-of-mind-development-and-school-readiness-among-low-income-children
#18
Elizabeth Woodburn Cavadel, Douglas A Frye
The current study investigated the role of theory of mind development in school readiness among 120 low-income preschool and kindergarten children. A short-term longitudinal design was used to examine relations among theory of mind, the understanding of teaching, and learning behaviors and their collective role in children's literacy and numeracy skills at school entry. Results replicate differences in theory of mind development among low-income children as compared to typically studied, higher-income samples...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933508/-skills-lab-training-in-veterinary-medicine-effective-preparation-for-clinical-work-at-the-small-animal-clinic-of-the-university-for-veterinary-medicine-hannover-foundation-effektive-vorbereitung-auf-die-klinische-t%C3%A3-tigkeit-am-beispiel-der-kleintierklinik
#19
Simon Engelskirchen, Jan Ehlers, Ansgar T Kirk, Andrea Tipold, Marc Dilly
OBJECTIVE: During five and a half years of studying veterinary medicine, students should in addition to theoretical knowledge acquire sufficient practical skills. Considering animal welfare and ethical aspects, opportunities for hands-on learning on living animals are limited because of the high annual number of students. The first German veterinary clinical-skills lab, established in 2013 at the University for Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation (TiHo), offers opportunities for all students to learn, train and repeat clinical skills on simulators and models as frequently as they would like, until they feel sufficiently confident to transfer these skills to living animals...
September 20, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932358/estimating-pressure-gradients-by-auscultation-how-technology-echocardiography-can-help-improve-clinical-skills
#20
Rohini L Kadle, Colin K L Phoon
AIM: To extend our previously-published experience in estimating pressure gradients (PG) via physical examination in a large patient cohort. METHODS: From January 1, 1997 through December 31, 2009, an attending pediatric cardiologist compared clinical examination (EXAM) with Doppler-echo (ECHO), in 1193 patients with pulmonic stenosis (PS, including tetralogy of Fallot), aortic stenosis (AS), and ventricular septal defect (VSD). EXAM PG estimates were based primarily on a murmur's pitch, grade, and length...
August 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
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