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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166250/differences-by-sex-in-association-of-mental-health-with-video-gaming-or-other-nonacademic-computer-use-among-us-adolescents
#1
Hogan H Lee, Jung Hye Sung, Ji-Young Lee, Jae Eun Lee
INTRODUCTION: Although numerous studies have examined the association between playing video games and cognitive skills, aggression, and depression, few studies have examined how these associations differ by sex. The objective of our study was to determine differences by sex in association between video gaming or other nonacademic computer use and depressive symptoms, suicidal behavior, and being bullied among adolescents in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey on 15,624 US high school students...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165627/health-literacy-and-patient-outcomes-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#2
Dominic M Taylor, Simon Fraser, Chris Dudley, Gabriel C Oniscu, Charles Tomson, Rommel Ravanan, Paul Roderick
Background: Limited health literacy affects 25% of people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and may reduce self-management skills resulting in poorer clinical outcomes. By disproportionately affecting people with low socio-economic status and non-white ethnicity, limited health literacy may promote health inequity. Methods: We performed a systematic review of quantitative studies of health literacy and clinical outcomes among adults with CKD. Results: A total of 29 studies (13 articles; 16 conference abstracts) were included...
November 20, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165038/-there-s-not-enough-knowledge-out-there-examining-older-adults-perceptions-of-digital-technology-use-and-digital-inclusion-classes
#3
Lucy R Betts, Rowena Hill, Sarah E Gardner
Older adults' definitions of digital technology, and experiences of digital inclusion sessions, were examined using qualitative approaches. Seventeen older adults (aged between 54 and 85 years) participated in two focus groups that each lasted approximately 90 min to explore how older adults understood technology within their lived experience. Interpretative phenomenological analysis yielded two main themes: thirst for knowledge and a wish list for digital technology sessions. A separate content analysis was performed to identify what technology older adults identified as digital technology...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165028/super-recognition-in-development-a-case-study-of-an-adolescent-with-extraordinary-face-recognition-skills
#4
Rachel J Bennetts, Joseph Mole, Sarah Bate
Face recognition abilities vary widely. While face recognition deficits have been reported in children, it is unclear whether superior face recognition skills can be encountered during development. This paper presents O.B., a 14-year-old female with extraordinary face recognition skills: a "super-recognizer" (SR). O.B. demonstrated exceptional face-processing skills across multiple tasks, with a level of performance that is comparable to adult SRs. Her superior abilities appear to be specific to face identity: She showed an exaggerated face inversion effect and her superior abilities did not extend to object processing or non-identity aspects of face recognition...
November 22, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165025/familiar-face-priming-the-role-of-second-order-configuration-and-individual-face-recognition-abilities
#5
Marlena L Itz, Stefan R Schweinberger, Jürgen M Kaufmann
The role of second-order configuration-that is, metric distances between individual features-for familiar face recognition has been the subject of debate. Recent reports suggest that better face recognition abilities coincide with a weaker reliance on shape information for face recognition. We examined contributions of second-order configuration to familiar face repetition priming by manipulating metric distances between facial features. S1 comprised familiar face primes as either: unaltered, with increased or decreased interocular distance, with increased or decreased distance between nose and mouth; or a different familiar face (unprimed)...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164609/who-benefits-from-adolescent-sleep-interventions-moderators-of-treatment-efficacy-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#6
Matthew J Blake, Laura M Blake, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Joanna M Waloszek, Greg Murray, Julian G Simmons, Elizabeth Landau, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test moderators of therapeutic improvement in an adolescent cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based group sleep intervention. Specifically, we examined whether the effects of the program on postintervention sleep outcomes were dependent on participant gender and/or measures of sleep duration, anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy prior to the interventions. METHOD: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (female = 59...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164445/changes-in-depressive-symptoms-among-adolescents-with-asd-completing-the-peers-%C3%A2-social-skills-intervention
#7
Hillary K Schiltz, Alana J McVey, Bridget K Dolan, Kirsten S Willar, Sheryl Pleiss, Jeffrey S Karst, Audrey M Carson, Christina Caiozzo, Elisabeth M Vogt, Brianna D Yund, Amy Vaughan Van Hecke
Depression is a common concern among people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and is often associated with social skills and relationship challenges. The present data, from a randomized controlled trial, examined the effect of PEERS(®) on self-reported depressive symptoms via the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) among 49 adolescents with ASD. Findings revealed that many CDI subscale scores declined (p's < 0.05) and were related to direct social contact on the Quality of Socialization Questionnaire at posttest (p's < 0...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164435/written-expression-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#8
Elizabeth Finnegan, Amy L Accardo
Although studies exist measuring the effectiveness of writing interventions for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research assessing the writing skills for this group is sparse. The present study identified differences in the written expression of individuals with ASD compared to typically developing (TD) peers, using variables selected from 13 different studies. Using Pearson Product Moment-correlation the relationship between the quality of research studies and the magnitude of the effect sizes was examined...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164045/factors-related-to-healthcare-service-quality-in-long-term-care-hospitals-in-south-korea-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Minsung Sohn, Mankyu Choi
Objectives: The environment of long-term care hospitals (LTCHs) is critical to the management of the quality of their services and to patient safety, as highlighted by international studies. However, there is a lack of evidence on this topic in South Korea. This study aimed to examine the factors affecting healthcare quality in LTCHs and to explore the effectiveness of their quality management. Methods: This study used a mixed methods approach with quantitative data collected in a national survey and qualitative data from semi-structured interviews with practice-based managers...
October 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163245/the-training-of-morphological-decomposition-in-word-processing-and-its-effects-on-literacy-skills
#10
Irit Bar-Kochva, Marcus Hasselhorn
This study set out to examine the effects of a morpheme-based training on reading and spelling in fifth and sixth graders (N = 47), who present poor literacy skills and speak German as a second language. A computerized training, consisting of a visual lexical decision task (comprising 2,880 items, presented in 12 sessions), was designed to encourage fast morphological analysis in word processing. The children were divided between two groups: the one underwent a morpheme-based training, in which word-stems of inflections and derivations were presented for a limited duration, while their pre- and suffixes remained on screen until response...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162326/identifying-perceptions-of-academic-reform-in-pharmacy-using-a-four-frame-organizational-change-model
#11
Dalia Bajis, Betty Chaar, Iman A Basheti, Rebekah Moles
BACKGROUND: In an ever-changing environment, pharmacy education is in the race to catch up and excel to produce competent pharmacists. Examining academic institutions, including schools of pharmacy, their internal systems and framework, it seems appropriate to view these institutions using multiple lenses. Bolman and Deal conceptualized a method to examine organizations using four constructs (structural, human resource, political, and symbolic). The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), with deep-rooted pharmacy education and practice was the setting for this research...
November 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161227/motor-skill-learning-and-the-development-of-visual-perception-processes-supporting-action-identification
#12
Inchon Park, John J Buchanan
This study examined physical training and observational training influences on motor learning and the development of visual discrimination processes. Participants were trained on a bimanual task (relative phase of +90°) defined by a visual training stimulus. There were 2 observational contexts: 1) model-only, watch a learning model, and 2) stimulus-only, watch the visual training stimulus. After 2 d of training, the learning models performed the +90° pattern with reduced error in 2 retention tests. Each observer group showed improvement in performance of the +90° pattern, with the stimulus-only group characterized by a more significant improvement...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161170/examining-the-implementation-of-collaborative-competencies-in-a-critical-care-setting-key-challenges-for-enacting-competency-based-education
#13
Joanne Goldman, Simon Kitto, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional collaboration is recognised as an important factor in improving patient care in intensive care units (ICUs). Competency frameworks, and more specifically interprofessional competency frameworks, are a key strategy being used to support the development of attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviours needed for an interprofessional approach to care. However, evidence for the application of competencies is limited. This study aimed to extend our empirically based understanding of the significance of interprofessional competencies to actual clinical practice in an ICU...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160192/sibship-size-and-young-women-s-transitions-to-adulthood-in-india
#14
K G Santhya, A J Francis Zavier
In India, a substantial proportion of young people are growing up in smaller families with fewer siblings than earlier generations of young people. Studies exploring the associations between declines in sibship size and young people's life experiences are limited. Drawing on data from a sub-nationally representative study conducted in 2006-08 of over 50,000 youths in India, this paper examines the associations between surviving sibship size and young women's (age 20-24) transitions to adulthood. Young women who reported no or a single surviving sibling were categorized as those with a small surviving sibship size, and those who reported two or more surviving siblings as those with a large surviving sibship size...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159842/struggle-and-failure-on-clinical-placement-a-critical-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Rachel Davenport, Sally Hewat, Alison Ferguson, Sue McAllister, Michelle Lincoln
BACKGROUND: Clinical placements are crucial to the development of skills and competencies in speech-language pathology (SLP) education and, more generally, a requirement of all health professional training programmes. Literature from medical education provides a context for understanding how the environment can be vital to all students' learning. Given the increasing costs of education and demands on health services, students who struggle or fail on clinical placement place an additional burden on educators...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159579/examining-the-effectiveness-of-naturalistic-social-skills-training-in-developing-social-skills-and-theory-of-mind-in-preschoolers-with-asd
#16
Grzegorz Szumski, Joanna Smogorzewska, Paweł Grygiel, Ann-Marie Orlando
We compared the effectiveness of two programs for developing social skills, 'Play Time/Social Time' (PT/ST) and 'I Can Problem Solve' (ICPS), in improving the social skills and theory of mind (ToM) of preschoolers with ASD. The experiment took place in a classroom setting. Fifty-two children attended and data were analyzed with latent growth curve models. Comparison with a control group indicated that both programs were effective in developing social skills. The PT/ST program was more effective than ICPS in developing interaction skills; both programs improved children's ability to cope with difficult social situations...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159000/umbilical-cord-prolapse-in-a-labouring-patient-a-multidisciplinary-and-interprofessional-simulation-scenario
#17
Chandrew Rajakumar, Adam Garber, Purnima M Rao, Genevieve Rousseau, George A Dumitrascu, Glenn D Posner
This case is one of an eight-case multidisciplinary curriculum designed and implemented at the University of Ottawa by simulation educators with specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) and anesthesiology. Consultation from a nurse educator maintained quality and relevance of objectives for nursing participants. The curriculum was prepared to train OB/GYN and anesthesiology residents and nurses to hone crisis resource management skills and to recognize and manage rare/critical medical events in an obstetrical setting...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158708/medication-safety-officer-preparatory-course-outcomes-and-experiences
#18
Hisham Aljadhey, Salma Alkhani, Tahir Mehmood Khan
Purpose: Few hospitals employ a medication safety officer. A medication safety officer preparatory course was planned using a structured curriculum to prepare pharmacists with the knowledge and skills to start medication safety officer activities. The current study aims to assess the outcome, as change in knowledge, of a hospital medication safety officer preparatory course. Methods: We conducted a three-day course in February 2011 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It was developed to provide attendees with the essential knowledge and skills to become a medication safety officer...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157753/validit%C3%A3-et-reproductibilit%C3%A3-de-deux-grilles-d%C3%A2-observation-des-comp%C3%A3-tences-cliniques-des-internes-en-des-de-m%C3%A3-decine-interne
#19
P Pottier, F Cohen Aubart, O Steichen, M Desprets, M Pha, A Espitia, S Georgin-Lavialle, A Morel, J B Hardouin
INTRODUCTION: The revision of the French medical studies' third cycle ought to be competency-based. In internal medicine, theoretical and practical knowledge will be assessed online with e-learning and e-portfolio. In parallel, a reflection about clinical skills assessment forms is currently ongoing. In this context, our aim was to assess the reproducibility and validity of two assessment forms based on direct clinical observation. METHOD: A prospective and multicentric study has been conducted from November 2015 to October 2016 aiming at evaluating the French translations of the MINI-Clinical Examination Exercice (MINI-CEX) and the Standardized Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (SPSQ)...
November 17, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157666/cognitive-flexibility-in-preschool-children-with-and-without-stuttering-disorders
#20
Naomi Eichorn, Klara Marton, Steven Pirutinsky
PURPOSE: Multifactorial explanations of developmental stuttering suggest that difficulties in self-regulation and weak attentional flexibility contribute to persisting stuttering. We tested this prediction by examining whether preschool-age children who stutter (CWS) shift their attention less flexibly than children who do not stutter (CWNS) during a modified version of the Dimension Card Change Sort (DCCS), a reliable measure of attention switching for young children. METHODS: Sixteen CWS (12 males) and 30 children CWNS (11 males) participated in the study...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
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