Read by QxMD icon Read


Claudia C Aguirre
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize recent advances in our understanding of the impact sleep disturbances have on our health, with particular focus on the brain. The present review considers the influence of sleep disturbance on the neurovascular unit; the role of sleep disturbance in neurodegenerative diseases; and relevant strategies of neuro-immuno-endocrine interactions that likely contribute to the restorative power of sleep. Given the latest discoveries about the brain's waste clearance system and its relationship to neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease, this review gives a brief overview on the molecular mechanisms behind sleep loss-related impairments...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Amina Ladjel-Mendil, Marie-France Martin-Eauclaire, Fatima Laraba-Djebari
Kaliotoxin (KTX), a specific blocker of potassium channels, exerts various toxic effects due to its action on the central nervous system. Its use in experimental model could help the understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the neuropathological processes related to potassium channel dysfunctions. In this study, the ability of KTX to stimulate neuro-immuno-endocrine axis was investigated. As results, the intracerebroventricular injection of KTX leads to severe structural-functional alterations of both hypothalamus and thyroid...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
S Ozcan, A B Ozer, M A Yasar, O L Erhan
BACKGROUND: Severe postoperative pain is not often experienced in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Anesthesia, surgery, and pain are stressful and cause different reactions in neuro-immuno-endocrine systems. Many factors such as the pharmacological effect of the drugs used, as well as the type and depth of anesthesia, can affect these reactions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the combination of general anesthesia and thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) on cytokine reaction in laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Desmond J Tobin
Cutaneous science has seen considerable development in the last 25 years, in part due to the Omics revolution, and the appreciation that this organ is hardwired into the body's key neuro-immuno-endocrine axes. Moreover, there is greater appreciation of how stratification of skin disorders will permit more targeted and more effective treatments. Against this has been how the remarkable extension in the average human life-span, though in the West at least, this parallels worrying increases in lifestyle-associated conditions like diabetes, skin cancer etc...
March 14, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Andre L L Bachi, Francisco J O Rios, Pedro Henrique Carr Vaisberg, Marcia Martins, Matheus Cavalcante de Sá, Angélica B Victorino, Roberta Foster, Ana Paula R Sierra, Maria Augusta P Dal'Molin Kiss, Mauro Vaisberg
OBJECTIVE: Sports practice alters the homeostasis of athletes. To achieve homeostatic equilibrium, the integrated action of the neuroendocrine and immune systems is necessary. Here we studied the relation between cytokines, hormones and mood states in marathon runners. METHODS: A total of 20 male recreational marathon runners (mean age = 35.7 ± 9 years) and 20 male sedentary individuals (mean age = 35.5 ± 7 years) were recruited. We compared the serum levels of growth hormone (GH), cortisol and interleukins 8 and 10 and the amounts of these two cytokines spontaneously produced by peripheral blood mononuclear cells...
2015: Neuroimmunomodulation
Elisa Rettori, Andrea De Laurentiis, W Les Dees, Axel Endruhn, Valeria Rettori
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory complex disease caused by microorganisms. It may be influenced by diverse systemic disorders, environmental, genetic and socio-psychological factors with the ability to alter the balance of the host neuro-immunoendocrine responses. It is characterized by the progressive destruction of the tooth supporting apparatus leading to tooth loss, with possible impact on general health. Starting with a brief description of the periodontium, etiopathogenesis, repair processes and several physiological mechanisms and their disarray on periodontium response to bacterial challenge...
2014: Current Pharmaceutical Design
M E Bote, J J García, M D Hinchado, E Ortega
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is associated with elevated systemic inflammatory and stress biomarkers, and an elevated innate cellular response mediated by monocytes and neutrophils. Exercise is accepted as a good non-pharmacological therapy for FM. We have previously found that regular aquatic exercise decreases the release of inflammatory cytokines by monocytes from FM patients. However, its effects on the functional capacity of neutrophils have not been studied. The aim of the present exploratory study was to evaluate, in 10 women diagnosed with FM, the effect of an aquatic exercise program (8months, 2sessions/week, 60min/session) on their neutrophils' function (phagocytic process), and on IL-8 and NA as potential inflammatory and stress mediators, respectively...
July 2014: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Iwona Partyka, Piotr Ziemecki, Joanna Bartosińska, Marta Makara-Studzińska
The comorbidity of dermatological diseases with emotional and mental problems and common neuro-immuno-endocrine mechanisms for those disorders became a basis for formation of psychodermatology. The aim of this study is to present the objectives and actions taken by the field of psychodermatology and presentation of selected aspects of psychosocial problems in chronic dermatological diseases based on the example of psoriasis. The analysis of publications related to the subject confirmed the usefulness of psychodermatology activities...
May 2013: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Genane Loheswaran, Minesh Kapadia, Matthew Gladman, Sheena Pulapaka, Li Xu, Mile Stanojcic, Boris Sakic
Neuropsychiatric (NP) manifestations and brain atrophy are common, etiologically unexplained complications of the systemic autoimmune disease lupus erythematosus (SLE). Similar to patients with NP SLE, behavioral deficits and neurodegeneration occur in aged, lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice. In order to gain a better understanding of the time course and nature of CNS involvement, we compare the neuro-immuno-endocrine profiles of two lupus-prone MRL/lpr stocks, which differ in disease onset and severity. Mice from stock 485 (characterized by early lupus-like manifestations) display blunted responsiveness to palatable solutions and impaired nocturnal activity as early as 7 weeks of age...
August 2013: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
A Miniati, Z Weng, B Zhang, A J Stratigos, E Nicolaidou, T C Theoharides
Vitiligo is a cutaneous disorder of depigmentation, clinically characterized by well-demarcated, white macules of varying size and distribution. It can affect up to 2 percent of the population, especially younger ages. In spite of recent findings implicating genetic, immune and oxidative stress factors, the exact pathogenesis of vitiligo remains obscure. Here, we briefly discuss the prevailing theories, and offer new suggestions that could explain in part the damage of melanocyte in the vitiliginous lesions...
January 2012: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Karen R Mifsud, María Gutièrrez-Mecinas, Alexandra F Trollope, Andrew Collins, Emily A Saunderson, Johannes M H M Reul
Epigenetic mechanisms are processes at the level of the chromatin that control the expression of genes but their role in neuro-immuno-endocrine communication is poorly understood. This review focuses on epigenetic modifications induced by a range of stressors, both physical and psychological, and examines how these variations can affect the biological activity of cells. It is clear that epigenetic modifications are critical in explaining how environmental factors, which have no effect on the DNA sequence, can have such profound, long-lasting influences on both physiology and behavior...
October 2011: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Balázs I Tóth, Attila Oláh, Attila G Szöllosi, Gabriella Czifra, Tamás Bíró
The pilosebaceous unit of the human skin consists of the hair follicle and the sebaceous gland. Within this "mini-organ", the sebaceous gland has been neglected by the researchers of the field for several decades. Actually, it was labeled as a reminiscence of human development ("a living fossil with a past but no future"), and was thought to solely act as a producer of sebum, a lipid-enriched oily substance which protects our skin (and hence the body) against various insults. However, due to emerging research activities of the past two decades, it has now become evident that the sebaceous gland is not only a "passive" cutaneous "relic" to establish the physico-chemical barrier function of the skin against constant environmental challenges, but it rather functions as an "active" neuro-immuno-endocrine cutaneous organ...
June 2011: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Hiroki Otani, Jun Udagawa, Toshihisa Hatta, Yukiko Kagohashi, Ryuju Hashimoto, Akihiro Matsumoto, Fumio Satow, Masayuki Nimura
Morphological studies of congenital anomalies have mainly focused on abnormal shape (i.e. malformation) and thus on disturbed organogenesis. However, in regard to postnatal functions of organs that develop through branching mechanisms, organ size is another important morphological feature. These organs consist of a large number of structural and functional units, such as nephrons in the kidney, and the total number of these units, that is approximately proportional to the organ size, has been shown to vary widely among individuals...
December 2010: Congenital Anomalies
M A Pal'tsev, I M Kvetnoĭ, V O Poliakova, T V Kvetnaia, A V Trofimov
The review discusses in detail the mechanisms of aging from the position of common signaling molecules produced in three regulatory systems: the nervous, endocrine and immune ones. It is shown that the neuroimmunoendocrine hormonal regulation of homeostasis plays the important role in the complex chain of processes that lead to aging of cells, tissues, organs and body as a whole. Particular attention is paid to morpho-functional involution of nervous, endocrine and immune systems, which is accompanied by a breach of elaborate signaling molecules...
2009: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
David A Ballok, Boris Sakic
Neurologic and psychiatric (NP) manifestations are severe complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). As commonly seen in patients, spontaneous disease onset in the MRL/MpJ-Fas(lpr)/J (MRL-lpr) mouse model of NP-SLE is accompanied by increased autoantibodies, pro-inflammatory cytokines and behavioral dysfunction which precede neuroinflammation and structural brain lesions. The role of purinergic receptors in the regulation of immunity and behavior remains largely unexplored in the field of neuropsychiatry...
November 2008: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
D Chida, O Hashimoto, M Kuwahara, H Sagara, T Osaka, H Tsubone, Y Iwakura
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-1, exert pleiotropic effects on the neuro-immuno-endocrine system. Previously, we showed that mice with knockout of the gene encoding IL-1 receptor antagonist (Il1ra (-/-), also known as Il1rn (-/-)) have a lean phenotype. The present study was designed to analyse the mechanisms leading to this lean phenotype. METHODS: Il1ra (-/-) mice were fed a high-fat diet following weaning. Energy expenditure, body temperature, heart rate, blood parameters, urinary catecholamines and adipose tissue were analysed...
September 2008: Diabetologia
E V Loseva, N A Loginova, I G Akmaev
The review analyses contemporary data on the role of the interferon-alpha in the central nervous systems. Interferon-alpha is one of the key polyfunctional cytokines providing integrative activity of the neuro-immuno-endocrine complex. The emphasis is made on the molecular mechanisms of anti-viral, anti-proliferative and neuromodulating actions of the interferon-alpha in the brain. Mechanisms of its involvement in regulation of pain, sleep, body temperature, circadian rhythms, food consumption etc. are considered...
April 2008: Uspekhi Fiziologicheskikh Nauk
John Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2008: Seminars in Cancer Biology
Hubert Tsui, Rozita Razavi, Yin Chan, Jason Yantha, H-Michael Dosch
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from autoimmune-mediated loss of insulin-producing beta-cells. Recent findings suggest that the events controlling T1D development are not only immunological, but also neuronal in nature. In the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model of T1D, a mutant sensory neuron channel, TRPV1, initiates chronic, progressive beta-cell stress, inducing islet cell inflammation. This novel mechanism of organ-specific damage requires a permissive, autoimmune-prone host, but ascribes tissue specificity to the local secretory dysfunction of sensory afferent neurons...
October 2007: Trends in Molecular Medicine
E V Loseva, N V Pasikova, N A Loginova, L M Biriukova, V M Mats
Behavior of young (3-4 month old) and ageing (12-15 month old) rats was studied during chronic intranasal application of low doses (10 ME or 350 ME) of human interferon-alpha (HIA). In ageing rats HIA did not affect dynamics (days 0th, 8th and 16th) of (a) locomotive and (b) investigative activity in the "open field" test and in two-side defensive conditioning, and (c) decreased anxiety ("open field", "light-darkness" test). In young rats HIA (a) increased locomotive activity by 16th day (it decreased in control), (b) investigative activity did not change (in control it decreased by 8th day; "open field" test), (c) anxiety decreased in the "open field" and increased in "light-darkness" tests, (d) development of conditioned reflex improved (during 2nd learning session in 5 days after the first one)...
May 2007: Zhurnal Vyssheĭ Nervnoĭ Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"