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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306159/positioning-the-principles-of-precision-medicine-in-care-pathways-for-allergic-rhinitis-and-chronic-rhinosinusitis-an-euforea-aria-epos-airways-icp-statement
#1
P W Hellings, W J Fokkens, C Bachert, C A Akdis, T Bieber, I Agache, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, G W Canonica, P Gevaert, G Joos, V Lund, A Muraro, M Onerci, T Zuberbier, B Pugin, S F Seys, J Bousquet
Precision medicine (PM) is increasingly recognized as the way forward for optimizing patient care. Introduced in the field of oncology, it is now considered of major interest in other medical domains like allergy and chronic airway diseases, which face an urgent need to improve the level of disease control, enhance patient satisfaction and increase effectiveness of preventive interventions. The combination of personalized care, prediction of treatment success, prevention of disease and patient participation in the elaboration of the treatment plan is expected to substantially improve the therapeutic approach for individuals suffering from chronic disabling conditions...
March 17, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299976/leukocyte-telomere-length-is-inversely-associated-with-post-load-but-not-with-fasting-plasma-glucose-levels
#2
Mykola Khalangot, Dmytro Krasnienkov, Alexander Vaiserman, Ivan Avilov, Volodymir Kovtun, Nadia Okhrimenko, Alexander Koliada, Victor Kravchenko
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by shorter leukocyte telomere length, but the relationship between leukocyte telomere length and type 2 diabetes mellitus development is rather questioned. Fasting and post-load glycaemia associated with different types of insulin resistance and their relation with leukocyte telomere length remains unknown. We compared leukocyte telomere length and fasting or post-load glucose levels in persons who do not receive glucose lowering treatment. For 82 randomly selected rural residents of Ukraine, aged 45+, not previously diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus, the WHO oral glucose tolerance test and anthropometric measurements were performed...
April 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299270/6-0-nylon-versus-6-0-vicryl-rapide-in-chieloplasty
#3
J K Dayashankara Rao, Payal Luthra, Varun Arya, Vijay Siwach, Anil K Sheorain, Megha Gupta
CONTEXT: Facial cosmetic result is one of the most concerning issues for the parents who get their children operated for cleft lip. Moreover, the discomfort associated with the suture removal encourages one to use any new technology that may replace the need for suture placement. The type of suture material used in surgery has been a long-standing debate among surgeons. In this study, we compared rapidly absorbable suture material (Vicryl Rapide™) with nonabsorbable suture material (nylon)...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292816/leadership-training-in-a-family-medicine-residency-program-cross-sectional-quantitative-survey-to-inform-curriculum-development
#4
Erin Gallagher, Ainsley Moore, Inge Schabort
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current status of leadership training as perceived by family medicine residents to inform the development of a formal leadership curriculum. DESIGN: Cross-sectional quantitative survey. SETTING: Department of Family Medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont, in December 2013. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 152 first- and second-year family medicine residents. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Family medicine residents' attitudes toward leadership, perceived level of training in various leadership domains, and identified opportunities for leadership training...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286594/locking-it-down-the-privacy-and-security-of-mobile-medication-apps
#5
Kelly Grindrod, Jonathan Boersema, Khrystine Waked, Vivian Smith, Jilan Yang, Catherine Gebotys
OBJECTIVE: To explore the privacy and security of free medication applications (apps) available to Canadian consumers. METHODS: The authors searched the Canadian iTunes store for iOS apps and the Canadian Google Play store for Android apps related to medication use and management. Using an Apple iPad Air 2 and a Google Nexus 7 tablet, 2 reviewers generated a list of apps that met the following inclusion criteria: free, available in English, intended for consumer use and related to medication management...
January 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285274/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-text-messaging-to-support-antenatal-healthcare-in-iraqi-pregnant-women-a-pilot-study
#6
Taghreed Alhaidari, Nazar Amso, Taqi Mohammed Jawad, Ulfat Alnakkash, Faris Khazaal, Ahmed Alnaaimi, Timothy Pickles, Rebecca Playle, Robert Istepanian, Nada Philip, John W Gregory, Thamer Al Hilfi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of mobile health technology and its potential to improve antenatal care (ANC) services in Iraq. METHODS: This was a controlled experimental study conducted at primary health care centers. One hundred pregnant women who attended those centres for ANC were exposed to weekly text messages varying in content, depending on the week of gestation, while 150 women were recruited for the unexposed group. The number of ANC visits in the intervention and control groups, was the main outcome measure...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280383/nurses-and-opioids-results-of-a-bi-national-survey-on-mental-models-regarding-opioid-administration-in-hospitals
#7
Charlotte Guest, Fabian Sobotka, Athina Karavasopoulou, Stephen Ward, Carsten Bantel
OBJECTIVE: Pain remains insufficiently treated in hospitals. Increasing evidence suggests human factors contribute to this, due to nurses failing to administer opioids. This behavior might be the consequence of nurses' mental models about opioids. As personal experience and conceptions shape these models, the aim of this prospective survey was to identify model-influencing factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed comprising of 14 statements concerning ideations about opioids and seven questions concerning demographics, indicators of adult learning, and strength of religious beliefs...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276746/further-explorations-of-illness-uncertainty-carers-experiences-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Catherine S Hurt, Sophie Cleanthous, Stanton P Newman
OBJECTIVE: Dominant models of illness uncertainty define uncertainty as 'an inability to determine the meaning of illness-related events'. Recent research has shown patient uncertainty to be multidimensional encompassing personal issues indirectly affected by illness. The nature of carer uncertainty has yet to be fully explored. The present study aimed to investigate the nature of illness uncertainty in the carers of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: Eighteen carers of a spouse with PD participated in semistructured interviews...
February 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273984/study-of-risk-factors-for-development-of-voice-disorders-and-its-impact-on-the-quality-of-life-of-school-teachers-in-mangalore-india
#9
Arati Alva, Megna Machado, Kiran Bhojwani, Suja Sreedharan
INTRODUCTION: School teachers are most prone to the development and detrimental effects of voice disorders as a consequence of their work. The risk factors for development of dysphonia in teachers are multifactorial. AIM: The primary aim of our study was to investigate the various risk factors that influence the onset and progression of voice disorders in school teachers in the Indian context. We wanted to assess the effect of voice problems on the physical, psychosocial and functional aspect of a teacher's life...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261907/significant-change-events-in-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-is-cognition-or-emotion-more-important
#10
Kye L McCarthy, Peter Caputi, Brin F S Grenyer
OBJECTIVE: Significant change events are helpful moments within a psychotherapy session that have been shown in previous research to relate strongly to outcome. They are special moments and therefore provide rich data for research into understanding therapeutic process. This study investigated clinical and linguistic features of these helpful moments using and comparing both human ratings and computerized text analysis strategies. METHOD: Significant change events versus non-event passages were studied within 1195 word blocks of transcribed psychotherapy for 20 participants with diagnoses of comorbid depression and personality disorder...
March 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255541/the-commodification-of-mobile-workers-in-europe-a-comparative-perspective-on-capital-and-labour-in-austria-the-netherlands-and-sweden
#11
Mark van Ostaijen, Ursula Reeger, Karin Zelano
One of the defining features of contemporary Europe is the freedom of movement of persons. Despite its advantages, this 'freedom of movement' is also contested, since it has been shown to cause discrimination, exploitation and pave the way for a 'race to the bottom'. How can we understand the social-economic consequences of free movement in Europe? To answer this question, we developed a typology along the dimensions value of work and degree of power which delivers four ideal types of labour relationships: exploitative, deprived, greedy and esteemed...
2017: Comp Migr Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252192/value-systems-among-adolescents-novel-method-for-assessing-level-of-ego-development
#12
Sofia Kjellström, Per Sjölander, Ellen Almers, Mary E Mccall
Children's value systems develop through youth and influence attitudes and actions. But there is a lack of appropriate measures for children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to construct and validate a questionnaire that reveals distinct value systems among adolescents, and to evaluate the identified value systems' relationship to degree of ego-development and moral development. A quantitative study in a Swedish School with ages 12 through 16 (grades 6 to 9) was performed (N = 204). A set of pattern recognition statistical analyses has been used to identify different profiles of values systems and demonstrate that these systems can be arranged in a hierarchical order similar to other development...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249592/a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-the-non-inferiority-of-counselling-for-depression-versus-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-patients-in-primary-care-meeting-a-diagnosis-of-moderate-or-severe-depression-practiced-study-protocol-for-a-randomised
#13
David Saxon, Kate Ashley, Lindsey Bishop-Edwards, Janice Connell, Phillippa Harrison, Sally Ohlsen, Gillian E Hardy, Stephen Kellett, Clara Mukuria, Toni Mank, Peter Bower, Mike Bradburn, John Brazier, Robert Elliott, Lynne Gabriel, Michael King, Stephen Pilling, Sue Shaw, Glenn Waller, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: NICE guidelines state cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a front-line psychological treatment for people presenting with depression in primary care. Counselling for Depression (CfD), a form of Person-Centred Experiential therapy, is also offered within Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services for moderate depression but its effectiveness for severe depression has not been investigated. A full-scale randomised controlled trial to determine the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of CfD is required...
March 1, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241759/smokers-and-drinkers-choice-of-smartphone-applications-and-expectations-of-engagement-a-think-aloud-and-interview-study
#14
Olga Perski, Ann Blandford, Harveen Kaur Ubhi, Robert West, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Public health organisations such as the National Health Service in the United Kingdom and the National Institutes of Health in the United States provide access to online libraries of publicly endorsed smartphone applications (apps); however, there is little evidence that users rely on this guidance. Rather, one of the most common methods of finding new apps is to search an online store. As hundreds of smoking cessation and alcohol-related apps are currently available on the market, smokers and drinkers must actively choose which app to download prior to engaging with it...
February 28, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237746/cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-depressed-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-an-open-trial
#15
José María García-Alberca
BACKGROUND: Depression has a high prevalence among patients with Alzheimer's disease, and it has a significant negative impact on their functioning. However, despite its significant impact and challenge, few treatment outcomes data are available to guide clinical care of depression among this population. We developed a cognitive-behavioral intervention to persons with AD. In this paper, we describe the intervention and results of an open trial evaluating its feasibility and utility. SETTING: Dementia Unit...
February 14, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230275/the-development-and-correlates-of-gender-role-attitudes-in-african-american-youth
#16
Chun Bun Lam, Christine Stanik, Susan M McHale
This research examined the longitudinal trajectories and family correlates of gender role attitudes in African American youth in a sample of 166 sibling pairs residing with their mothers and fathers. Multilevel modelling revealed that (1) girls and boys exhibited significant declines in gender attitude traditionality from ages 9 to 15 that levelled off through age 18, (2) mothers' (but not fathers') gender role attitude traditionality was positively related to youth's attitude traditionality, and (3) within-person variation in mothers' (but not fathers') racial discrimination experiences was negatively related to within-person variation in youth's gender role attitude traditionality...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220955/profiles-of-adolescent-religiousness-using-latent-profile-analysis-implications-for-psychopathology
#17
Gregory S Longo, Bethany C Bray, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Prior research has documented robust associations between adolescent religiousness/spirituality (R/S) and psychopathology outcomes including externalizing and internalizing symptomatology, yet no previous studies have examined these associations with adolescent R/S profiles using a person-centred approach. We examined whether there are identifiable subgroups characterized by unique multidimensional patterns of R/S experiences and how these experiences may be related to externalizing and internalizing symptomatology...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220954/is-god-just-a-big-person-children-s-conceptions-of-god-across-cultures-and-religious-traditions
#18
Melanie A Nyhof, Carl N Johnson
The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. In Study 1, 3- to 7-year-olds from LDS and MC backgrounds were asked about supernatural mental and immaterial attributes of God, a ghost, a dad, and a bug...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220951/varieties-of-social-experience-the-religious-cultural-context-of-diverse-spiritual-exemplars
#19
Pamela Ebstyne King, Mona M Abo-Zena, Jonathan D Weber
From cultural developmental and relational developmental systems perspectives, the current study employed an exemplar research design along with qualitative content analysis to gain deeper understanding of how adolescents perceived the social influences on their religious and spiritual development (RSD) among religiously and culturally diverse youth. The sample included interviews of 28 highly spiritual youth aged 12-21 years (M = 17.73 years) from six countries and eight different religious traditions...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214789/-truth-in-research-labelling-regarding-wame-s-quoted-comments
#20
Margaret Winker
We were surprised to read Dr Noble's article, "Truth in research labelling". Dr Noble quotes from an email exchange he and I had regarding a petition that he had asked the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) to endorse (personal communication, Bernard Carroll and John Noble, September 27, 2016). Unfortunately, the article's description of WAME's comments, which were intended to provide constructive suggestions to improve the petition by ensuring that it was fully supported by facts, is incomplete and the comments have been taken out of context...
February 13, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
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