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Alan J Pearce, Janet A Young, Lucy Parrington, Nicole Aimers
The objective of this study was to explore beliefs and attitudes of students studying exercise science in Australia towards sports concussion. A secondary objective explored differences between gender and previous experience of concussion. A total of 312 participants (m = 217; f = 95) responded to a series of statements ranging across a number of areas including personal attitudes and beliefs towards concussion: if they would risk playing with a concussion; their views on elite/professional athletes who continue to play after a concussion; and attitudes towards rehabilitation...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Deborah Azrael, Alexander Mukamal, Amy P Cohen, David Gunnell, Catherine Barber, Matthew Miller
INTRODUCTION: Identifying the source and specific type of gas used in suicides is difficult using most data systems owing to limitations in ICD-10 coding. The National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), with its rich collection of both coded and free-text variables, has the potential to overcome these limitations. This study used a multipronged approach to identify gas-specific suicides in NVDRS and to track the incidence of these suicides over time. METHODS: Using suicide cases from the 16 NVDRS states that participated throughout 2005-2012, free-text and code searches were conducted for four types of variables-incident narratives, coroner/medical examiner cause-of-death statements, cause-of-death codes, and substance names-to identify suicides by carbon monoxide, helium, hydrogen sulfide, and four other gases...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Jan Keller, Amelie U Wiedemann, Diana Hilda Hohl, Urte Scholz, Silke Burkert, Mark Schrader, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVES: Extending individual planning of health behaviour change to the level of the dyad, dyadic planning refers to a target person and a planning partner jointly planning the target person's health behaviour change. To date, predictors of dyadic planning have not been systematically investigated. Integrating cognitive predictors of individual planning with four established predictor domains of social support provision, we propose a framework of predictors of dyadic planning. Including target persons' and partners' perspectives, we examine these predictor domains in the context of prostate cancer patients' rehabilitative pelvic floor exercise (PFE) following radical prostatectomy...
October 15, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Daniel Chen, Yosh Halberstam, Alan C L Yu
Previous studies suggest a significant role of language in the court room, yet none has identified a definitive correlation between vocal characteristics and court outcomes. This paper demonstrates that voice-based snap judgments based solely on the introductory sentence of lawyers arguing in front of the Supreme Court of the United States predict outcomes in the Court. In this study, participants rated the opening statement of male advocates arguing before the Supreme Court between 1998 and 2012 in terms of masculinity, attractiveness, confidence, intelligence, trustworthiness, and aggressiveness...
2016: PloS One
Bădicu Georgian, Balint Lorand
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to present a methodology based on a questionnaire focused on social health, our study aims at highlighting, in a declarative and comparative manner, the development of social relationships between individuals, more or less for both adults who perform leisure sports activities and for those who do not practice. METHODS: The study was conducted between October 2012, March 2013 on a sample of 500 adults, who responded to a survey questionnaire, of whom 318 individuals perform leisure sports activities and 182 do not perform this kind of activities...
2016: SpringerPlus
Joseph Scharpf, Michael Tuttle, Richard Wong, Drew Ridge, Russell Smith, Dana Hartl, Robert Levine, Gregory Randolph
This American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) consensus statement focuses on the detection and management of recurrent thyroid cancer. This document describes the radiologic approach to defining structural recurrent disease and the operative and nonoperative rationale in addressing identified structural disease to create equipoise in the personalized treatment strategy for the patient. The recommendations of this AHNS multidisciplinary consensus panel of the American Head and Neck Society are intended to help guide all multidisciplinary clinicians who diagnose or manage adult patients with thyroid cancer...
September 22, 2016: Head & Neck
Fang Yin, Jie Fang, Ningning Zhou, Heyong Shen, Yu He
Chinese people tend to use metaphorical expressions and rhetorical figures to convey meanings and emotions, and they usually talk about death implicitly. The assessment of death metaphors and images can provide a better understanding of Chinese personal perceptions of death. This study aimed at modifying the Chinese Death Metaphors Scale (CDMS; Cheung, 2005 ) and establishing one which is more suitable for Chinese people. Thirty-one death metaphor statements in Chinese were created from items of CDMS and an open questionnaire study...
August 11, 2016: Death Studies
Khara M Sauro, Natalie Wiebe, Sophie Macrodimitris, Samuel Wiebe, Sara Lukmanji, Nathalie Jetté
OBJECTIVE: The epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) is a valuable resource for optimizing management of persons with epilepsy, but may place patients at risk for adverse events due to withdrawal of treatment and induction of symptoms. The purpose of this study was to synthesize data on the safety and quality of care in EMUs to inform the development of quality indicators for EMUs. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting and Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement...
October 7, 2016: Epilepsia
Stefano Paolo Zanetti, Luca Boeri, Michele Catellani, Andrea Gallioli, Alberto Trinchieri, Kemal Sarica, Emanuele Montanari
OBJECTIVE: A wide selection of both anterograde and retrograde mini-invasive procedures exist for stones' treatment. The 2016 European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines still don't univocally define a best option. Our purpose is to give an overview on some European Stone Centers' customs and to compare real life clinical practice with statements of opinion leaders and Guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015 we performed a survey in 3 step about the spread of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) techniques among EAU Section of Urolithiasis (EULIS) members...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Christos Dervenis, Evaghelos Xynos, George Sotiropoulos, Nikolaos Gouvas, Ioannis Boukovinas, Christos Agalianos, Nikolaos Androulakis, Athanasios Athanasiadis, Christos Christodoulou, Evangelia Chrysou, Christos Emmanouilidis, Panagiotis Georgiou, Niki Karachaliou, Ourania Katopodi, Panteleimon Kountourakis, Ioannis Kyriazanos, Thomas Makatsoris, Pavlos Papakostas, Demetris Papamichael, George Pechlivanides, Georgios Pentheroudakis, Ioannis Pilpilidis, Joseph Sgouros, Paris Tekkis, Charina Triantopoulou, Maria Tzardi, Vassilis Vassiliou, Louiza Vini, Spyridon Xynogalos, Nikolaos Ziras, John Souglakos
There is discrepancy and failure to adhere to current international guidelines for the management of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) in hospitals in Greece and Cyprus. The aim of the present document is to provide a consensus on the multidisciplinary management of metastastic CRC, considering both special characteristics of our Healthcare System and international guidelines. Following discussion and online communication among the members of an executive team chosen by the Hellenic Society of Medical Oncology (HeSMO), a consensus for metastastic CRC disease was developed...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
K Barnes, L Ball, B Desbrow
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intention of fitness businesses to promote the provision of nutrition care from personal trainers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation of webpage content. METHODS: Fitness businesses within two Australian federal electorates were identified using the Fitness Australia list of registered fitness businesses. Inductive content analysis of these fitness business websites and associated social media sites was undertaken to compare website content to the Fitness Australia Position Statement outlining the Roles and Responsibilities of Registered Fitness Professionals...
September 30, 2016: Public Health
Johan Christiaan Bester
Importance: Measles is a highly communicable viral infection with serious complications. There have been continued outbreaks of measles in countries in which measles is considered to be eliminated, such as the United States and the Netherlands, and measles remains endemic in some countries. Health care professionals play an important role in diagnosing and managing acute cases of measles, preventing spread during outbreaks, and vaccination uptake. Objective: To provide an overview of measles and vaccination for health care professionals...
October 3, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Sebastiaan Koole, Veronique Christiaens, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn
Despite the consensus on the importance of reflection for dental professionals, a lack of understanding remains about how students and clinicians should develop their ability to reflect. The aim of this study was to investigate dental students' and mentors' perceptions of mentor groups as an instructional method to facilitate students' reflection in terms of the strategy's learning potential, role of the mentor, group dynamics, and feasibility. At Ghent University in Belgium, third- and fourth-year dental students were encouraged to reflect on their clinical experiences and personal development in three reflective mentor sessions...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
K Barnes, B Desbrow, L Ball
OBJECTIVE: To measure the self-perceived competence of Australian personal trainers in providing nutrition care. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. METHODS: A validated survey was used to measure confidence in the ability to provide nutrition care among a snowball sample of 142 Australian-based personal trainers. The survey used 5-point Likert scale statements across four nutrition related constructs: knowledge; skills; communication and counselling; and attitudes...
September 27, 2016: Public Health
Pei-Pei Chen, Hsiao-Lu Lee, Shu-He Huang, Ching-Ling Wang, Chiu-Mieh Huang
BACKGROUND: Moral distress occurs when nurses experience ethical dilemmas. Issues related to these dilemmas are addressed in some nursing education courses. Nurses' reaction to dilemma such as moral distress is relatively less noticed. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify and describe the various types of perceptions of moral distress exhibited by nurses. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study applied Q methodology to explore the perspectives of nurses regarding moral distress...
September 28, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Michael W Rich, Deborah A Chyun, Adam H Skolnick, Karen P Alexander, Daniel E Forman, Dalane W Kitzman, Mathew S Maurer, James B McClurken, Barbara M Resnick, Win K Shen, David L Tirschwell
The incidence and prevalence of most cardiovascular disorders increase with age, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and major disability in adults aged 75 and older. Despite the effect of CVD on quality of life, morbidity, and mortality in older adults, individuals aged 75 and older have been markedly underrepresented in most major cardiovascular trials, and virtually all trials have excluded older adults with complex comorbidities, significant physical or cognitive disabilities, frailty, or residence in nursing homes and assisted living facilities...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Felipe Kenji Sudo, Jerson Laks
OBJECTIVES: Financial capacity (FC) refers to a set of cognitively mediated abilities related to one's competency to manage propriety and income. Identifying intact from impaired FC in older persons with dementia is a growing concern in geriatric practice, but the best methods to assess this function still need to be determined. This study aims to review data on FC in dementia and on instruments used to assess this domain of capacity. METHODS: Database search was performed in Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, LILACS and PsycINFO...
September 20, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Merritt McLean, Jody Steinauer, Julie Schmittdiel, Pamela Chan, Christine Dehlendorf
OBJECTIVES: Provider self-disclosure (PSD) - defined as providers making statements regarding personal information to patients - has not been well characterized in the context of contraceptive counseling. In this study, we describe the incidence, content and context of contraceptive PSD. STUDY DESIGN: This mixed methods analysis used data from the Provider-Patient Contraceptive Counseling study, for which 349 family planning patients were recruited from 2009 to 2012 from six clinics in the San Francisco Bay Area...
September 15, 2016: Contraception
A Casini, P de Moerloose
INTRODUCTION: No evidence-based guidelines for the management of patients suffering from afibrinogenaemia and hypofibrinogenaemia are available. AIM AND METHOD: The aim of this study was to harmonize patient's care among invited haemophilia experts from Belgium, France and Switzerland. A Delphi-like methodology was used to reach a consensus on: prophylaxis, bleeding, surgery, pregnancy and thrombosis management. RESULTS: The main final statements are as follows: (i) a secondary fibrinogen prophylaxis should be started after a first life-threatening bleeding in patients with afibrinogenaemia; (ii) during prophylaxis the target trough fibrinogen level should be 0...
September 19, 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Elizabeth Scruggs, Timothy C Guetterman, Anna C Meyer, Jamie VanArtsdalen, Michele Heisler
A key challenge for asylum seekers in the United States is being able to provide evidence of prior persecution in their home countries. Medical/psychological affidavits corroborating applicants' accounts often make the difference between successful and unsuccessful applications. The purpose of this study was to identify the unmet demand for and features of effective medical/psychological affidavits in the asylum process, as well as the personal and systemic barriers for asylum seekers. This is a qualitative study of semi-structured interviews with legal professionals who work in asylum law...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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