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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933608/the-psychological-impact-of-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness-on-caregivers-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-studies
#1
Sonja M Soeterik, Sarah Connolly, E Diane Playford, Sophie Duport, Afsane Riazi
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of the nature, frequency and severity of psychological experiences of people who have a close relationship with a person with a prolonged disorder of consciousness. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PsycINFO, PubMed, Embase(®), MEDLINE(®), Allied and Complementary Medicine™, were searched from inceptions until December 2016 with additional hand searching of reference lists of included articles. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included that used quantitative methodologies and psychological measures to investigate experiences...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927291/differentially-conserved-transcriptomic-response-to-adversity-related-to-self-rated-health-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#2
Pia Riestra, Samson Y Gebreab, Yongmei Liu, Ana V Diez Roux, Rumana R Khan, Amadou Gaye, Ruihua Xu, S K Davis
Self-rated health (SRH) is considered a strong indicator of well-being and clinical health status and has been linked to inflammatory markers. The objective of this work was to examine how self-rated physical health (SRPH) and mental health (SRMH) influence the immune system through the regulation of a stress-related gene expression profile known as the 'conserved transcriptional response to adversity' (CTRA), which involves the up-regulation of pro-inflammatory genes and down-regulation of genes involved in type I interferon (IFN) response and antibody synthesis...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925532/the-interplay-between-regulatory-focus-and-temporal-distance-in-the-health-context
#3
Aleksandra Berezowska, Arnout R H Fischer, Hans C M van Trijp
OBJECTIVES: This study identifies how the interaction between temporal distance, regulatory focus, and framing of health outcomes affects individuals' intention to adopt a personalized nutrition service. DESIGN: A 2 (temporal distance: immediate health outcomes vs. delayed health outcomes) × 2 (regulatory focus: prevention vs. promotion) × 2 (health outcome framing: illness prevention vs. health promotion) full-factorial between-subjects design. METHODS: In two experiments with samples of 236 and 242 students, regulatory focus was manipulated by asking participants to describe which academic outcomes they want to either achieve or prevent and how they aim to do this...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906047/a-systematic-review-to-explore-influences-on-parental-attitudes-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-in-children
#4
REVIEW
Helen Bosley, Catherine Henshall, Jane V Appleton, Debra Jackson
AIM: To understand the factors influencing parental attitudes towards antibiotic prescribing. BACKGROUND: Overuse of antibiotics and inappropriate prescribing has resulted in rapid development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and is significant global threat to patient safety. In Primary Care settings, substantial numbers of antibiotics are prescribed for young children, despite viral nature of illness for which antibiotics are ineffective. Parents, play a vital role in decision making regarding accessing healthcare services and requesting treatment for their children...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901558/-things-aren-t-so-bad-preschoolers-overpredict-the-emotional-intensity-of-negative-outcomes
#5
Leia Kopp, Cristina M Atance, Sean Pearce
Adults often overpredict the emotional intensity of future events, but little is known about whether this 'intensity bias' is present in early childhood. We asked 48 3- to 5-year-olds to (1) predict and (2) report their emotions concerning two desirable (receiving four stickers, scoring up to two points in a ball toss) and two undesirable (receiving one sticker, scoring no points) outcomes. Children showed the intensity bias by overpredicting how negatively they would feel if they received one sticker, but not for scoring no points...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884750/brain-imaging-tests-for-chronic-pain-medical-legal-and-ethical-issues-and-recommendations
#6
REVIEW
Karen D Davis, Herta Flor, Henry T Greely, Gian Domenico Iannetti, Sean Mackey, Markus Ploner, Amanda Pustilnik, Irene Tracey, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Tor D Wager
Chronic pain is the greatest source of disability globally and claims related to chronic pain feature in many insurance and medico-legal cases. Brain imaging (for example, functional MRI, PET, EEG and magnetoencephalography) is widely considered to have potential for diagnosis, prognostication, and prediction of treatment outcome in patients with chronic pain. In this Consensus Statement, a presidential task force of the International Association for the Study of Pain examines the capabilities of brain imaging in the diagnosis of chronic pain, and the ethical and legal implications of its use in this way...
September 8, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880125/consensus-statement-of-the-international-summit-on-intellectual-disability-and-dementia-related-to-post-diagnostic-support
#7
Karen Dodd, Karen Watchman, Matthew P Janicki, Antonia Coppus, Claudia Gaertner, Juan Fortea, Flavia H Santos, Seth M Keller, Andre Strydom
OBJECTIVES: Post diagnostic support (PDS) has varied definitions within mainstream dementia services and different health and social care organizations, encompassing a range of supports that are offered to adults once diagnosed with dementia until death. METHOD: An international summit on intellectual disability and dementia held in Glasgow, Scotland in 2016 identified how PDS applies to adults with an intellectual disability and dementia. The Summit proposed a model that encompassed seven focal areas: post-diagnostic counseling; psychological and medical surveillance; periodic reviews and adjustments to the dementia care plan; early identification of behaviour and psychological symptoms; reviews of care practices and supports for advanced dementia and end of life; supports to carers/ support staff; and evaluation of quality of life...
September 7, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880025/expert-consensus-document-a-diamond-approach-to-personalized-treatment-of-angina
#8
REVIEW
Roberto Ferrari, Paolo G Camici, Filippo Crea, Nicolas Danchin, Kim Fox, Aldo P Maggioni, Athanasios J Manolis, Mario Marzilli, Giuseppe M C Rosano, José L Lopez-Sendon
In clinical guidelines, drugs for symptomatic angina are classified as being first choice (β-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, short-acting nitrates) or second choice (ivabradine, nicorandil, ranolazine, trimetazidine), with the recommendation to reserve second-choice medications for patients who have contraindications to first-choice agents, do not tolerate them, or remain symptomatic. No direct comparisons between first-choice and second-choice treatments have demonstrated the superiority of one group of drugs over the other...
September 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879246/opioid-analgesic-prescribing-practices-of-dental-professionals-in-the-united-states
#9
C N Steinmetz, C Zheng, E Okunseri, A Szabo, C Okunseri
The prescription of opioid analgesics by dental professionals is widespread in the United States. Policy makers, government agencies, and professional organizations consider this phenomenon a growing public health concern. This study examined trends in the prescription of opioid analgesics for adults by dental professionals and associated factors in the United States. Data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (1996-2013) were analyzed. Descriptive statistics were calculated separately for each year. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the overall trend during the period with and without adjusting for dental procedures and personal characteristics...
July 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879243/development-and-testing-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-resource-for-children-s-dental-anxiety
#10
J Porritt, H Rodd, A Morgan, C Williams, E Gupta, J Kirby, C Creswell, T Newton, K Stevens, S Baker, S Prasad, Z Marshman
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for dental anxiety; however, access to therapy is limited. The current study aimed to develop a self-help CBT resource for reducing dental anxiety in children, and to assess the feasibility of conducting a trial to evaluate the treatment efficacy and cost-effectiveness of such an intervention. A mixed methods design was employed. Within phase 1, a qualitative "person-based" approach informed the development of the self-help CBT resource. This also employed guidelines for the development and evaluation of complex interventions...
January 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874925/controlled-rhythmic-yogic-breathing-as-complementary-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-veterans-a-case-series
#11
Joseph Walker, Deborah Pacik
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a cluster of symptoms in which a person persistently relives a traumatic event, through recurring thoughts, nightmares, and flashbacks for at least 1 month or more. There are various behavioral and medical treatment options for PTSD. Mind-body techniques, such as biofeedback and breathing-based stress reduction, have shown some promise in the treatment of PTSD symptoms. The purpose of this case series was to examine controlled yogic breathing as a complementary treatment of PTSD in military veterans...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866854/health-related-quality-of-life-and-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Ellie Jones, Renée Speyer, Berit Kertscher, Deborah Denman, Katina Swan, Reinie Cordier
The negative impact of increased bolus modification on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in persons with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) has been described in previous literature; however, findings may have been influenced by the severity of OD and underlying etiology. The current systematic review therefore aims to investigate the relationships between HRQoL and OD and to report on changes in HRQoL and OD following intervention. This review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA statement. A systematic search of the literature was performed using PubMed and Embase...
September 2, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862389/the-role-of-high-expectations-of-self-and-social-desirability-in-emotional-processing-in-individuals-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-qualitative-study
#13
Alice Sibelli, Trudie Chalder, Hazel Everitt, Paul Workman, Felicity L Bishop, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVES: Although high levels of distress are associated with the onset and severity of Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), it is unclear how this relates to emotional processing, particularly in relation to maintenance of symptoms and treatment outcome. This qualitative study embedded within a randomized controlled trial aimed to explore how individuals with refractory IBS experience, express, and manage their emotions after either therapist-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (TCBT) or Web-based CBT (WBCBT) compared to treatment as usual (TAU)...
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861725/proposal-for-the-creation-of-a-national-strategy-for-precision-medicine-in-cancer-a-position-statement-of-seom-seap-and-sefh
#14
P Garrido, A Aldaz, R Vera, M A Calleja, E de Álava, M Martín, X Matías-Guiu, J Palacios
Precision medicine is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. Precision medicine is transforming clinical and biomedical research, as well as health care itself from a conceptual, as well as a methodological viewpoint, providing extraordinary opportunities to improve public health and lower the costs of the healthcare system. However, the implementation of precision medicine poses ethical-legal, regulatory, organizational, and knowledge-related challenges...
August 31, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861119/evaluation-of-a-multimodal-pain-therapy-concept-for-chronic-pain-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-pilot-study-in-21-patients
#15
Dirk Zajonz, Johannes K M Fakler, Anna-Judith Dahse, Fujiaoshou Junping Zhao, Melanie Edel, Christoph Josten, Andreas Roth
BACKGROUND: In spite of the improvement of many aspects around Total knee arthroplasty (TKA), there is still a group of 10% to 34% of patients who is not satisfied with the outcome. The therapy of chronic pain after TKA remains a medical challenge that requires an interdisciplinary therapy concept. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of a multimodal pain therapy in chronic complaints after TKA. METHODS: In a prospective cohort pilot study, we included patients with chronic pain after TKA who obtained in-patient care, especially multimodal pain therapy (MMPT), for at least 10 days...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857207/the-adaptive-response-of-skeletal-muscle-what-is-the-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Stanley Salmons
Adult skeletal muscle is capable of adapting its properties in response to changing functional demands. This now sounds like a statement of the obvious, and many people assume it has always been this way. Yet a mere forty years ago the picture was entirely different. In this review and personal memoir I outline the scientific context in which the theory was generated, the objections to it from entrenched opinion, and the way those objections were progressively met. The material should be of some historical interest, but more importantly it collects together the full range of evidence on which the current paradigm is based...
August 31, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856064/interventions-for-prevention-of-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-in-humanitarian-settings-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#17
Marjan Delkhosh, Ali Ardalan, Abbas Rahimiforoushani, Abbas Keshtkar, Leila Amiri Farahani, Effat Merghati Khoei
INTRODUCTION: Humanitarian emergencies and the number of people who are adversely affected are increasing. In such emergencies, the vulnerability of women and girls to gender-based violence increases signifi-cantly and they often experience high levels of intimate partner violence (IPV). There are a limited number of interventions to reduce gender-based violence (GBV) and IPV in the contexts of humanitarian emergencies, and there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of these preventive interventions...
July 12, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853609/in%C3%A2-vitro-development-of-personalized-cartilage-microtissues-uncovers-an-individualized-differentiation-capacity-of-human-chondrocytes
#18
Frank Martin, Mario Lehmann, Ulrich Sack, Ursula Anderer
Personalized features in the treatment of knee injuries and articular replacement therapies play an important role in modern life with increasing demand. Therefore, cell-based therapeutic approaches for the regeneration of traumatic defects of cartilage tissue were developed. However, great variations in the quality of repair tissue or therapeutic outcome were observed. The aim of the study was to capture and visualize individual differentiation capacities of chondrocytes derived from different donors with regard to a possible personal regeneration capacity using a cell-based therapy...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846554/american-urogynecologic-society-best-practice-statement-evaluation-and-counseling-of-patients-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#19
(no author information available yet)
Women with prolapse should have an examination to quantify the loss of anatomic support and should be evaluated for associated bladder, bowel, and prolapse symptoms as well as associated bother. Treatment options should be tailored to meet the patient's medical health and personal functional goals. In most cases, women should be informed of the range of treatment options including observation as well as nonsurgical and surgical management.
September 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828233/atrial-fibrillation-and-psychological-factors-a-systematic-review
#20
Federica Galli, Lidia Borghi, Stefano Carugo, Marco Cavicchioli, Elena Maria Faioni, Maria Silvia Negroni, Elena Vegni
BACKGROUND: Psychological factors have been suggested to have an influence in Atrial Fibrillation (AF) onset, progression, severity and outcomes, but their role is unclear and mainly focused on anxiety and depression. METHODS: A systematic electronic search had been conducted to identify studies exploring different psychological factors in AF. The search retrieved 832 articles that were reviewed according to inclusion criteria: observational study with a control/comparison group; use of standardized and validated instruments for psychological assessment...
2017: PeerJ
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