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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427469/graves-orbitopathy-as-a-rare-disease-in-europe-a-european-group-on-graves-orbitopathy-eugogo-position-statement
#1
P Perros, L Hegedüs, L Bartalena, C Marcocci, G J Kahaly, L Baldeschi, M Salvi, J H Lazarus, A Eckstein, S Pitz, K Boboridis, P Anagnostis, G Ayvaz, A Boschi, T H Brix, N Currò, O Konuk, M Marinò, A L Mitchell, B Stankovic, F B Törüner, G von Arx, M Zarković, W M Wiersinga
BACKGROUND: Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is an autoimmune condition, which is associated with poor clinical outcomes including impaired quality of life and socio-economic status. Current evidence suggests that the incidence of GO in Europe may be declining, however data on the prevalence of this disease are sparse. Several clinical variants of GO exist, including euthyroid GO, recently listed as a rare disease in Europe (ORPHA466682). The objective was to estimate the prevalence of GO and its clinical variants in Europe, based on available literature, and to consider whether they may potentially qualify as rare...
April 20, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426309/lgbtq-health-surveillance-data%C3%A2-%C3%A2-power
#2
Randall L Sell
Despite decades of research and advocacy, sexual and gender minorities are still not equitably included in health research and surveillance in the United States. In 1990, as I was beginning graduate school, I wrote on a piece of paper "Data = Power." This was my take on ACT UP's (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power) "Silence = Death." I created this personal motto because I had been working in the late 1980s on evaluations of some of the earliest federally funded HIV/AIDS prevention programs while attending ACT UP's first demonstration at the Food and Drug Administration in 1988 and attending its action to "Storm the NIH" (National Institutes of Health) in 1990...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425744/once-a-frog-lover-always-a-frog-lover-infants-goal-generalization-is-influenced-by-the-nature-of-accompanying-speech
#3
Alia Martin, Catharyn C Shelton, Jessica A Sommerville
The ability to interpret choices as enduring preferences that generalize beyond the immediate situation gives adults a powerful means of predicting and explaining others' behavior. How do infants come to recognize that current choices can be driven by generalizable preferences? Although infants can encode others' actions in terms of goals (Woodward, 1998), there is evidence that 10-month-olds still fail to generalize goal information presented in one environment to an event sequence occurring in a new environment (Sommerville & Crane, 2009)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422814/the-effect-of-rubric-guided-focused-personalized-coaching-sessions-and-video-recorded-presentations-on-teaching-skills-among-fourth-year-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#4
Vatche Tchekmedyian, Helen M Shields, Stephen R Pelletier, Valeria C Pazo
PROBLEM: As medical students become residents, teaching becomes an expected and integral responsibility. Yet, training-for-teaching opportunities are lacking. In 2014, the authors designed a pilot study using rubric-guided, focused, personalized coaching sessions and video-recorded presentations to improve student teaching skills among fourth-year students at Harvard Medical School. APPROACH: In 2014-2015, the authors recruited students from an elective on how to tutor preclinical students for the pilot, which consisted of four phases: a precoaching teaching presentation, a 30- to 45-minute coaching session, a postcoaching teaching presentation, and blinded reviewer ratings...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420661/person-centred-transition-programme-to-empower-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-study-protocol-for-a-hybrid-randomised-controlled-trial-stepstones-project
#5
Mariela Acuña Mora, Carina Sparud-Lundin, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Philip Moons
INTRODUCTION: When a young person grows up, they evolve from an independent child to an empowered adult. If an individual has a chronic condition, this additional burden may hamper adequate development and independence. Transition programmes for young persons with chronic disorders aim to provide the necessary skills for self-management and participation in care. However, strong evidence on the effects of these interventions is lacking. Therefore, as part of the STEPSTONES project (Swedish Transition Effects Project Supporting Teenagers with chrONic mEdical conditionS), we propose a trial to assess the effectiveness of a structured, person-centred transition programme to empower adolescents with congenital heart disease in the transition to adulthood...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420191/designing-effective-interactions-for-concordance-around-end-of-life-care-decisions-lessons-from-hospice-admission-nurses
#6
Carey Candrian, Channing Tate, Kirsten Broadfoot, Alexandra Tsantes, Daniel Matlock, Jean Kutner
Near the end of life, hospice care reduces symptom-related distress and hospitalizations while improving caregiving outcomes. However, it takes time for a person to gain a sufficient understanding of hospice and decide to enroll. This decision is influenced by knowledge of hospice and its services, emotion and fear, cultural and religious beliefs, and an individual's acceptance of diagnosis. Hospice admission interactions, a key influence in shaping decisions regarding hospice care, happen particularly late in the illness trajectory and are often complex, unpredictable, and highly variable...
April 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417674/international-summit-consensus-statement-intellectual-disability-inclusion-in-national-dementia-plans
#7
Karen Watchman, Matthew P Janicki, Michael Splaine, Frode K Larsen, Tiziano Gomiero, Ronald Lucchino
The World Health Organization (WHO) has called for the development and adoption of national plans or strategies to guide public policy and set goals for services, supports, and research related to dementia. It called for distinct populations to be included within national plans, including adults with intellectual disability (ID). Inclusion of this group is important as having Down's syndrome is a significant risk factor for early-onset dementia. Adults with other ID may have specific needs for dementia-related care that, if unmet, can lead to diminished quality of old age...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412465/authors-of-clinical-trials-reported-individual-and-financial-conflicts-of-interest-more-frequently-than-institutional-and-non-financial-ones-a-methodological-survey
#8
Maram B Hakoum, Nahla Jouni, Eliane A Abou-Jaoude, Divina Justina Hasbani, Elias A Abou-Jaoude, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Mariam Khaldieh, Mira Z Hammoud, Mounir Al Gibbawi, Sirine Anouti, Gordon Guyatt, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: Conflicts of interest (COI) are increasingly recognised as important to disclose and manage in health research. The objective of this study was to assess the reporting of both financial and non-financial COI by authors of randomised controlled trials published in a representative sample of clinical journals. METHODS: We searched Ovid Medline and included a random sample of 200 randomised controlled trials published in 2015 in one of the 119 Core Clinical Journals...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410568/health-functional-ability-and-life-satisfaction-among-older-people-65-years-and-over-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Vivien Rodgers, Stephen Neville, Steven La Grow
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction with life is a subjective and complex interplay of an older persons' perspective on their life achievements. Satisfaction with life, alongside health and functional ability are major contributors to successful ageing. AIM: This study explored the impact of increasing age on older people's perceptions of their health, functional ability and life satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of non-institutionalised older people (65+) was conducted (n = 542) in the Manawatu region of New Zealand...
April 14, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405582/telehealth-to-expand-community-health-nurse-education-in-rural-guatemala-a-pilot-feasibility-and-acceptability-evaluation
#10
REVIEW
Kelly A McConnell, Lyndsay K Krisher, Maureen Lenssen, Maya Bunik, Saskia Bunge Montes, Gretchen J Domek
Telehealth education has the potential to serve as an important, low-cost method of expanding healthcare worker education and support, especially in rural settings of low- and middle-income countries. We describe an innovative educational strategy to strengthen a long-term health professional capacity building partnership between Guatemalan and US-based partners. In this pilot evaluation, community health nurses in rural Guatemala received customized, interactive education via telehealth from faculty at the supporting US-based institution...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402571/neural-correlates-of-emotion-acceptance-versus-worry-or-suppression-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#11
Kristen K Ellard, David H Barlow, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, John D E Gabrieli, Thilo Deckersbach
Recent emotion dysregulation models of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) propose chronic worry in GAD functions as a maladaptive attempt to regulate anxiety related to uncertain or unpredictable outcomes. Emotion acceptance is an adaptive emotion regulation strategy increasingly incorporated into newer cognitive-behavioral (CBT) approaches to GAD to counter chronic worry. The current study explores the mechanisms of emotion acceptance as an alternate emotion regulation strategy to worry or emotion suppression using functional magnetic resonance imaging...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392338/cannabis-exercise-performance-and-sport-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Michael C Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence relating to the effect of cannabis on exercise performance. DESIGN: A systematic review of published literature METHODS: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the principal psychoactive component of cannabis. A search was conducted using PUB med, Medline and Embase searching for cannabis, marijuana, cannabinoids and THC, in sport and exercise; the contents of sports medicine journals for the last 10 years; as well as cross references from journals and a personal collection of reprints...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390399/could-a-short-training-intervention-modify-opinions-about-mental-illness-a-case-study-on-french-health-professionals
#13
Murielle Villani, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
BACKGROUND: In France, negative views on schizophrenia are pervasive, even among health professionals. Prior research suggests that the level of prejudice is lower when the illness is described with the example of a specific individual. This finding highlights the importance of designing local, targeted destigmatization campaigns. The present study aims to evaluate the benefits of a short intervention offering contact with psychiatric services users on reducing the stigma about mentally ill people, among a sample of Health Administrators and Students...
April 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385362/twenty-years-after-how-aberration-correction-in-the-stem-truly-placed-a-a-synchrotron-in-a-microscope
#14
Quentin M Ramasse
Nearly two decades have passed since the Electron Microscopy and Analysis Group (EMAG) Conference was held in Cambridge in 1997, during which two seminal lectures were delivered that would influence the future of the U.K. electron microscopy community. With "Aberration correction in the STEM", O.L. Krivanek and co-workers ushered in the era of probe-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy, a powerful technology that L.M. Brown urged the community at large to embrace, arguing that it would be akin to placing "A Synchrotron in a Microscope"...
April 1, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378045/-existence-absence-and-power-of-madness-a%C3%A2-critical-review-of-michel-foucault-s-writings-on-the-history-and-philosophy-of-madness
#15
Burkhart Brückner, Lukas Iwer, Samuel Thoma
This article discusses Michel Foucault's main writings on "madness and psychiatry" from his early works up to the 1970s. On the one hand, we reconstruct the overall theoretical and methodological development of his positions over the course of the different periods in his oeuvre. On the other hand, we also take a closer look at Foucault's philosophical considerations regarding the subjects of his investigations. After an initial introduction of our conceptual approach, we draw on the most recent research on Foucault to show to what extent the phenomenological description of the topic at hand and the historical-critical perspective that are reflected in his early writings of 1954 (the Introduction to Binswanger's Dream and Existence and Mental Illness and Personality) laid the ground for his later work...
April 4, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377717/biomarkers-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-treated-cancer-patients-potential-predisposition-and-risk-factors
#16
REVIEW
Hélène Castel, Angeline Denouel, Marie Lange, Marie-Christine Tonon, Martine Dubois, Florence Joly
Purpose: Cognitive impairment in cancer patients induced, at least in part, by treatment are frequently observed and likely have negative impacts on patient quality of life. Such cognitive dysfunctions can affect attention, executive functions, and memory and processing speed, can persist after treatment, and their exact causes remain unclear. The aim of this review was to create an inventory and analysis of clinical studies evaluating biological markers and risk factors for cognitive decline in cancer patients before, during, or after therapy...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376911/culture-clash-investigating-constructions-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-from-the-perspective-of-1-5-generation-migrants-in-australia-using-q-methodology
#17
T Dune, J Perz, Z Mengesha, D Ayika
BACKGROUND: In Australia, those who migrate as children or adolescents (1.5 generation migrants) may have entered a new cultural environment at a crucial time in their psychosexual development. These migrants may have to contend with constructions of sexual and reproductive health from at least two cultures which may be at conflict on the matter. This study was designed to investigate the role of culture in constructions of sexual and reproductive health and health care seeking behaviour from the perspective of 1...
April 4, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376608/decision-making-tools-in-prostate-cancer-from-risk-grouping-to-nomograms
#18
Paolo Fontanella, Luigi Benecchi, Angelica Grasso, Vipul Patel, David Albala, Claude Abbou, Francesco Porpiglia, Marco Sandri, Bernardo Rocco, Giampaolo Bianchi
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common solid neoplasm and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. After the Partin tables were developed, a number of predictive and prognostic tools became available for risk stratification. These tools have allowed the urologist to better characterize this disease and lead to more confident treatment decisions for patients. The purpose of this study is to critically review the decision-making tools currently available to the Urologist, from the moment when PCa is first diagnosed until patients experience metastatic progression and death...
March 30, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366118/enhancing-clients-communication-regarding-goals-for-using-psychiatric-medications
#19
Patricia E Deegan, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song, Robert E Drake, John A Naslund, Alison Luciano, Shari L Hutchison
OBJECTIVE: Discordance between psychiatric care providers' and clients' goals for medication treatment is prevalent and is a barrier to person-centered care. Power statements-short self-advocacy statements prepared by clients in response to a two-part template-offer a novel approach to help clients clarify and communicate their personal goals for using psychiatric medications. This study described the power statement method and examined a sample of power statements to understand clients' goals for medication treatment...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359724/tutor-led-teaching-of-procedural-skills-in-the-skills-lab-complexity-relevance-and-teaching-competence-from-the-medical-teacher-tutor-and-student-perspective
#20
Jan Lauter, Sylvie Branchereau, Wolfgang Herzog, Till Johannes Bugaj, Christoph Nikendei
BACKGROUND: In current medical curricula, the transfer of procedural skills has received increasing attention. Skills lab learning and tutor-led teaching have become an inherent part of all medical curricula at German medical faculties. In 2011, the initial basis for the classification of clinical skills in medical school was created by the German Association for Medical Education (GMA) Committee's consensus statement on procedural skills. As a recommendation for medical curricula, the National Competency-based Catalogue of Learning Objectives (NKLM, 2015) lists procedural skills according to their curriculum integration and competency level...
March 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
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