Read by QxMD icon Read

personal statement

Elizabeth G Raymond, Tara Shochet, Hillary Bracken
OBJECTIVES: To summarize data on the accuracy and acceptability of a strategy for identifying ongoing pregnancy after medical abortion treatment using a low-sensitivity pregnancy test (LSPT). STUDY DESIGN: We searched PubMed to identify studies that evaluated the use of a single post-treatment LSPT for detection of ongoing pregnancy after treatment with mifepristone and misoprostol. We extracted, assessed, and summarized data from each study. RESULTS: We found 10 studies that evaluated 6 LSPTs with human chorionic gonadotropin detection thresholds of 1000, 1500, or 2000 mIU/ml...
March 10, 2018: Contraception
Philippe Martin, Cara Tannenbaum
Context: Interprofessional communication is an effective mechanism for reducing inappropriate prescriptions among older adults. Physicians' views about which elements are essential for pharmacists to include in an evidence-based pharmaceutical opinion for deprescribing remain unknown. Objective: To develop a prototype for an evidence-based pharmaceutical opinion that promotes physician-pharmacist communication around deprescribing. Methods: A standardized template for an evidence-based pharmaceutical opinion was developed with input from a convenience sample of 32 primary care physicians and 61 primary care pharmacists, recruited from conferences and community settings in Montreal, Canada...
March 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
Chaitanya Gopalrao Chinawale, Dipak V Parmar, Parth Kavathia, Twinkle Rangnani, Jainy Thakkar, Girija Kartha
Background: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex disorder and a major health concern in developing countries. Data on MetS in Indian population show multiplicity. There are no published reports about the prevalence of MetS in population of Saurashtra region, Gujarat. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of MetS and its components in adult population of this region. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was carried out among 473 participants who attended free health checkup camps...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Janika Bloemeke, Rachel Sommer, Stefanie Witt, Michaela Dabs, Francisco Javier Badia, Monika Bullinger, Julia Quitmann
BACKGROUND: This study describes the psychometric testing of the Achondroplasia Personal Life Experience Scale (APLES): a new disease- and functioning-specific health-related quality of life instrument for young people with achondroplasia, which was developed based on the International Classification of Functioning-Children and Youth Version. METHOD: The qualitative analysis of focus group statements from German patients and parents using the International Classification of Functioning-Children and Youth Version yielded 59 items, which after cognitive debriefing were included in a pilot-test...
March 8, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Mariana Brussoni, Takuro Ishikawa, Christina Han, Ian Pike, Anita Bundy, Guy Faulkner, Louise C Mâsse
BACKGROUND: Children's risky play is associated with a variety of positive developmental, physical and mental health outcomes, including greater physical activity, self-confidence and risk-management skills. Children's opportunities for risky play have eroded over time, limited by parents' fears and beliefs about risk, particularly among mothers. We developed a digital tool and in-person Risk-reframing (RR) workshop to reframe parents' perceptions of risk and change parenting behaviours...
March 7, 2018: Trials
J Matthew Harvey, Alice Sibelli, Trudie Chalder, Hazel Everitt, Rona Moss-Morris, Felicity L Bishop
OBJECTIVES: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common and adversely affects patients' quality of life. Multiple potential treatment options exist for patients (and clinicians) to choose from, with limited evidence to inform treatment selection. The aim was to explore how patients with IBS go about seeking and appraising different treatment modalities, with a view to elucidating the psychological processes involved and identifying opportunities to improve clinical practice. DESIGN: Qualitative study nested within a randomized controlled trial of therapist-delivered and web-based cognitive behavioural therapy versus treatment-as-usual for IBS...
March 5, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Currie Moore, Rabiya Majeed-Ariss, Anuradha Jayanti, Sandip Mitra, Suzanne Skevington, Alison Wearden
OBJECTIVES: Despite home haemodialysis (HHD) being associated with significant health and psychosocial benefits, it remains an under-utilized dialysis modality for people with chronic kidney disease. Self-cannulation, where patients insert their own needles for dialysis, is a key component of HHD. Recent research suggests that the prospect of self-cannulation is a barrier for patients, but there is little research which examines why this is the case. The aim of this study was to explore male HHD patients' experiences and attitudes towards self-cannulation...
March 6, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Phelan E Maruca-Sullivan, Chadrick E Lane, Edward Z Moore, David A Ross
OBJECTIVES: Residency is a critical step in the professional development of physicians. Given the high stakes of the process, it is not surprising, although nonetheless troubling, that professional misconduct may occur: multiple studies have, rightfully, condemned applicants for plagiarising personal statements or misrepresenting publications. To date, however, no studies have examined whether faculty members may engage in similar behaviours. METHODS: Software was used to evaluate 3864 unique applications containing 13 617 letters of recommendation submitted through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) to the Yale University Department of Psychiatry Residency Program in recruitment cycles from 2013-2014 to 2016-2017...
March 6, 2018: Medical Education
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Devan Kansagara, Carrie Horwitch, Michael J Barry, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians developed this guidance statement to guide clinicians in selecting targets for pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes. Methods: The National Guideline Clearinghouse and the Guidelines International Network library were searched (May 2017) for national guidelines, published in English, that addressed hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) targets for treating type 2 diabetes in nonpregnant outpatient adults. The authors identified guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and the Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement...
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Birgül Cerit, Nevin Çitak Bilgin, Bedriye Ak
BACKGROUND: The use of technological devices today is widespread. One of these devices is the smartphone. It can be argued that when smartphones are thought of as a means of communication, they can influence communication skills. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of nursing students' smartphone addiction on their communication skills. METHODS: A relational screening model was used for the study. The study's data were obtained from 214 students studying in the nursing department...
March 5, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
Carla A Giambrone, Catherine P Cook-Cottone, Jessalyn E Klein
BACKGROUND: Concept mapping methodology was used to explore the perceived impact of practicing yoga with the Africa Yoga Project (AYP)-an organisation created to increase health and well-being by providing community-based yoga classes throughout Kenya. AYP's mission fit with theoretical models of well-being is discussed. Anecdotal evidence and initial qualitative research suggested the AYP meaningfully impacted adult students. METHODS: Of the hundreds of AYP's adult students, 56 and 82 students participated in Phases I and II, respectively...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Laura K Winn, Adriane Lesser, Diana Menya, Joy N Baumgartner, Joseph Kipkoech Kirui, Indrani Saran, Wendy Prudhomme-O'Meara
Background: The continued success of community case management (CCM) programs in low-resource settings depends on the ability of these programs to retain the community health workers (CHWs), many of whom are volunteers, and maintain their high-quality performance. This study aims to identify factors related to the motivation and satisfaction of CHWs working in a malaria CCM program in two sub-counties in Western Kenya. Methods: We interviewed 70 CHWs who were trained to administer malaria rapid diagnostic tests as part of a broader study evaluating a malaria CCM program...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
Jan Wilhelm, Ximena Calvo, Carola Escobar, Gabriela Moreno, Liliana Véliz, Rodolfo Villena, Marcela Potin
Although vaccines have had a tremendous impact in public health they are questioned by certain groups that consider them unnecessary or unsafe and argue in favor of the right to decide to be vaccinated or not. However vaccines must have special considerations because unlike other medical decisions, not vaccinating has consequences not only for the individual but also for other members of the community. Immunizing a high proportion of the population limits the circulation of an infectious agent attaining what is called herd immunity that protects the susceptible members of the group...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Dula Dessalegn Bosho, Lemessa Dube, Teshale Ayele Mega, Dawit Abera Adare, Mikyas Gashaw Tesfaye, Tesfahun Chanie Eshetie
Background: Use of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has led to significant reductions in morbidity and mortality. However, there is a growing concern about metabolic syndromes (MS), among patients receiving cART. Despite this fact, there is limited evidence for the prevalence of the MS among HIV-infected persons receiving cART in developing countries, particularly Ethiopia. Objective: To determine the prevalence and predictors of MS among people living with HIV/AIDS in Jimma health centre, Jimma Zone south west Ethiopia...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Martin J Mækelæ, Steffen Moritz, Gerit Pfuhl
Background: Cognitive biases play an important role in the formation and maintenance of delusions. These biases are indicators of a weak reflective mind, or reduced engaging in reflective and deliberate reasoning. In three experiments, we tested whether a bias to accept non-sense statements as profound, treat metaphorical statements as literal, and suppress intuitive responses is related to psychotic-like experiences. Methods: We tested deliberate reasoning and psychotic-like experiences in the general population and in patients with a former psychotic episode...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Skjærven Lh, Mattsson M, Catalan-Matamoros D, Parker A, Gard G, Gyllensten Al
Physiotherapists are facing complex health challenges in the treatment of persons suffering from long-lasting musculoskeletal disorders and mental health problems. Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a physiotherapy approach within the movement awareness domain developed to bridge physical, mental, and relational health challenges. The purpose of this study was to reach a consensus on core phenomena and statements describing BBAT. A consensus-building process was conducted using the nominal group technique (NGT)...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
A David Smith, Helga Refsum, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Michael Fenech, Babak Hooshmand, Andrew McCaddon, Joshua W Miller, Irwin H Rosenberg, Rima Obeid
Identification of modifiable risk factors provides a crucial approach to the prevention of dementia. Nutritional or nutrient-dependent risk factors are especially important because dietary modifications or use of dietary supplements may lower the risk factor level. One such risk factor is a raised concentration of the biomarker plasma total homocysteine, which reflects the functional status of three B vitamins (folate, vitamins B12, B6). A group of experts reviewed literature evidence from the last 20 years...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Leontien Van Wely, Jeannette C Boiten, John Verhoef, Belinda Hw Eijckelhof, Susanne M Van Hooft, AnneLoes Van Staa, Pepijn Ddm Roelofs
Self-management support programs are reported to have positive effects on the health and care of people with physical disabilities. It is unclear how physiotherapists (PTs) view self-management support. A cross-sectional study with mixed-methods design using Q-methodology was conducted to determine the perspectives of Dutch PTs on self-management support. PTs (n = 39) rank-ordered 37 validated statements about self-management support from "most disagree (-3)" to "most agree (+3)." Differences in perspectives on self-management support were explored in a by-person centroid factor analysis on the basis of the explained variance (R2 )...
February 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Šárka Šaňáková, Juraj Čáp
INTRODUCTION: Dignity is one of the most important values sensitively perceived by patients in nursing care. Older patients have been identified as having a high risk of losing their dignity in institutional care. To promote optimum nursing care, a deeper insight into the problem of older patients' dignity is needed. AIM: The aim was to identify, analyse and synthesise the qualitative evidence of dignity views and factors affecting it from the nurses' and older patients' perspective in the context of nursing care and to compare synthesised finding from the both perspective...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
Alison Callwood, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Grigorios Kotronoulas, Annegret Schneider, Liane Lewis, Vishna Devi Nadarajah
OBJECTIVES: To examine the personal domains multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are being designed to assess, explore how they were determined and contextualise such domains in current and future healthcare student selection processes DESIGN: A systematic review of empirical research reporting on MMI model design was conducted from database inception to November 2017. DATA SOURCES: Twelve electronic bibliographic databases. REVIEW METHODS: Evidence was extracted from original studies, and integrated in a narrative synthesis guided by the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"