keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

personal statement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722217/personal-and-situational-predictors-of-everyday-snacking-an-application-of-temporal-self-regulation-theory
#1
Katherine G Elliston, Stuart G Ferguson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at testing predictions derived from temporal self-regulation theory (TST) in relation to discretionary food choices (snacks). TST combines a motivational sphere of influence (cognitions and temporal valuations resulting in intentions) with a momentary sphere (encompassing social and physical environmental cues). This dual approach differs from current health behaviour theories, but can potentially improve our understanding of the interplay of personal and environmental factors in health behaviour self-regulation...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722173/the-development-of-non-essentialist-concepts-of-ethnicity-among-children-in-a-multicultural-london-community
#2
Ruth Woods
Ethnic constancy, the belief that a person cannot change ethnicity, is an important component of ethnic essentialism, the conviction that members of ethnic groups share an immutable underlying essence. Most children in previous research viewed ethnicity as increasingly immutable with age. However, some evidence suggests that children growing up in communities, which define ethnicity primarily in terms of changeable features (e.g., lifestyle) rather than fixed features (e.g., ancestry), may not follow this trajectory...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721655/the-impact-of-being-there-psychiatric-staff-attitudes-on-the-use-of-restraint
#3
Sagit Dahan, Galit Levi, Pnina Behrbalk, Israel Bronstein, Shmuel Hirschmann, Shaul Lev-Ran
The practice of mechanically restraining psychiatric patients is constantly under debate, and staff attitudes are considered a central factor influencing restraining practices. The aim of this study was to explore associations between psychiatric staff members' presence and participation in incidences of restraint and attitudes towards mechanical restraints. METHODS: Staff members (psychiatrists, nurses, paramedical staff; N = 143 working in a government psychiatric hospital in Israel) completed a questionnaire including personal information, participation in incidents of restraint and attitudes towards mechanical restraints...
July 19, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721642/a-social-responsibility-guide-for-engineering-students-and-professionals-of-all-faith-traditions-an-overview
#4
Vito L Punzi
The development of the various themes of Catholic Social Teaching (CST) is based on numerous papal documents and ecclesiastical statements. While this paper provides a summary of a number of these documents, this paper focuses on two themes: the common good and care of the environment, and on three documents authored by Pope John Paul II in 1990, by Pope Benedict XVI in 2010, and by Pope Francis in 2015. By analyzing these documents from an engineer's perspective, the author proposes a model for Socially Responsible Engineering...
July 18, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716978/how-do-clinicians-prepare-family-members-for-the-role-of-surrogate-decision-maker
#5
Thomas V Cunningham, Leslie P Scheunemann, Robert M Arnold, Douglas White
PURPOSE: Although surrogate decision-making (SDM) is prevalent in intensive care units (ICUs) and concerns with decision quality are well documented, little is known about how clinicians help family members understand the surrogate role. We investigated whether and how clinicians provide normative guidance to families regarding how to function as a surrogate. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We audiorecorded and transcribed 73 ICU family conferences in which clinicians anticipated discussing goals of care for incapacitated patients at high risk of death...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713295/women-s-reasons-for-leaving-the-engineering-field
#6
Nadya A Fouad, Wen-Hsin Chang, Min Wan, Romila Singh
Among the different Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math fields, engineering continues to have one of the highest rates of attrition (Hewlett et al., 2008). The turnover rate for women engineers from engineering fields is even higher than for men (Frehill, 2010). Despite increased efforts from researchers, there are still large gaps in our understanding of the reasons that women leave engineering. This study aims to address this gap by examining the reasons why women leave engineering. Specifically, we analyze the reasons for departure given by national sample of 1,464 women engineers who left the profession after having worked in the engineering field...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710686/-ophthalmological-assessment-in-the-severely-handicapped-persons-act-and-in-blindness-statement-of-the-professional-association-of-ophthalmologists-germany-the-german-ophthalmological-society-processed-by-the-joint-commission-on-law-status-january-2017
#7
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709417/putting-women-at-the-center-a-review-of-indian-policy-to-address-person-centered-care-in-maternal-and-newborn-health-family-planning-and-abortion
#8
Aradhana Srivastava, Devaki Singh, Dominic Montagu, Sanghita Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Person-centered care is a critical component of quality care, essential to enable treatment adherence, and maximize health outcomes. Improving the quality of health services is a key strategy to achieve the new global target of zero preventable maternal deaths by 2030. Recognizing this, the Government of India has in the last decade initiated a number of strategies to address quality of care in health and family welfare services. METHODS: We conducted a policy review of quality improvement strategies in India from 2005 to 15, covering three critical areas- maternal and newborn health, family planning, and abortion (MNHFP + A)...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699834/the-concept-of-recovery-as-experienced-by-persons-with-dual-diagnosis-a-systematic-review-on-qualitative-research-from-a-first-person-perspective
#9
C De Ruysscher, S Vandevelde, W Vanderplasschen, J De Maeyer, S Vanheule
Objectives - In recent years, the concept of recovery has gained ground in the treatment of persons with dual diagnosis (DD). Recovery refers to living a meaningful life despite limitations caused by mental illness and substance use disorders. It also implies that support for persons with DD should be organized according to the personal needs and wishes of its users. Therefore, it is important to gain insight into the aspects that persons with DD deem important for their recovery process. This systematic review aims to summarize existing qualitative research on the meaning of recovery from the perspective of persons with DD...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699702/adult-attachment-hostile-conflict-and-relationship-adjustment-among-couples-facing-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Cassandra J Crangle, Tae L Hart
OBJECTIVE: Couples facing multiple sclerosis (MS) report significantly elevated rates of relationship distress, yet the effects of attachment have never been examined in this population. We examined whether hostile conflict mediated the dyadic effects of attachment on relationship adjustment in couples facing MS and whether these associations were moderated by gender or role. We also explored whether dyadic adjustment mediated the relationship between attachment and hostile conflict. DESIGN: The study was cross-sectional and included 103 couples in which one partner had been diagnosed with MS...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697713/an-update-of-the-italian-stroke-organization-stroke-prevention-awareness-diffusion-group-guidelines-on-carotid-endarterectomy-and-stenting-a-personalized-medicine-approach
#11
Gaetano Lanza, Carlo Setacci, Stefano Ricci, Patrizio Castelli, Alberto Cremonesi, Jessica Lanza, Claudio Novali, Carlo Pratesi, Paola Santalucia, Francesco Speziale, Augusto Zaninelli, Gian Franco Gensini
Although proof-based medicine has generated much valid evidence for the drawing up of guidelines and recommendations for best clinical practice in symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid stenosis, whether and when it is better to employ endarterectomy or stenting as the intervention of choice still remain matters of debate. Moreover, guidelines have been targeted up to now to the 'representative' patient, as resulting from the statistical analyses of the studies conducted on the safety and efficacy of both interventions as well as on medical therapy alone...
July 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697711/biomarkers-of-stroke-recovery-consensus-based-core-recommendations-from-the-stroke-recovery-and-rehabilitation-roundtable
#12
Lara A Boyd, Kathryn S Hayward, Nick S Ward, Cathy M Stinear, Charlotte Rosso, Rebecca J Fisher, Alexandre R Carter, Alex P Leff, David A Copland, Leeanne M Carey, Leonardo G Cohen, D Michele Basso, Jane M Maguire, Steven C Cramer
The most difficult clinical questions in stroke rehabilitation are "What is this patient's potential for recovery?" and "What is the best rehabilitation strategy for this person, given her/his clinical profile?" Without answers to these questions, clinicians struggle to make decisions regarding the content and focus of therapy, and researchers design studies that inadvertently mix participants who have a high likelihood of responding with those who do not. Developing and implementing biomarkers that distinguish patient subgroups will help address these issues and unravel the factors important to the recovery process...
July 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697260/behavioral-counseling-to-promote-a-healthful-diet-and-physical-activity-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-adults-without-cardiovascular-risk-factors-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#13
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Adults who adhere to national guidelines for a healthful diet and physical activity have lower rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than those who do not. All persons, regardless of their risk status for cardiovascular disease (CVD), can gain health benefits from healthy eating behaviors and appropriate physical activity. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for cardiovascular disease prevention among adults without obesity who do not have cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal blood glucose levels, or diabetes)...
July 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682716/what-is-given-in-experience-the-phenomenological-account
#14
Alphonso Lingis
What is given in observation? A basic tenet of empirical science is that reliable knowledge results from observation, with natural perception and with refined instruments, which is repeatable and verifiable by impartial observers in standard conditions. An observer's observation, in the first-person singular, is then equivalent and interchangeable with those of others. But what is really observed and given in such observation? There is a task here for phenomenology: to discern just what is given and how. What does a particular scientific discipline determine to count as an observation? In what language is the observation to be recorded? What counts as evidence? What counts as a description or an argument? What theories are implicated in the observational statements? Next, the phenomenologist asks, "What is given in experience? What is the phenomenological account?"...
May 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680765/barriers-and-facilitators-to-ed-physician-use-of-the-test-and-treatment-for-bppv
#15
Kevin A Kerber, Jane Forman, Laura Damschroder, Steven A Telian, Angela Fagerlin, Patricia Johnson, Devin L Brown, Lawrence C An, Lewis B Morgenstern, William J Meurer
BACKGROUND: The test and treatment for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) are evidence-based practices supported by clinical guideline statements. Yet these practices are underutilized in the emergency department (ED) and interventions to promote their use are needed. To inform the development of an intervention, we interviewed ED physicians to explore barriers and facilitators to the current use of the Dix-Hallpike test (DHT) and the canalith repositioning maneuver (CRM). METHODS: We conducted semi-structured in-person interviews with ED physicians who were recruited at annual ED society meetings in the United States...
June 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680668/culture-moderates-changes-in-linguistic-self-presentation-and-detail-provision-when-deceiving-others
#16
Paul J Taylor, Samuel Larner, Stacey M Conchie, Tarek Menacere
Change in our language when deceiving is attributable to differences in the affective and cognitive experience of lying compared to truth telling, yet these experiences are also subject to substantial individual differences. On the basis of previous evidence of cultural differences in self-construal and remembering, we predicted and found evidence for cultural differences in the extent to which truths and lies contained self (versus other) references and perceptual (versus social) details. Participants (N = 320) of Black African, South Asian, White European and White British ethnicity completed a catch-the-liar task in which they provided genuine and fabricated statements about either their past experiences or an opinion and counter-opinion...
June 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677324/prevention-of-cognitive-impairment-scientific-guidance-and-windows-of-opportunity
#17
REVIEW
Philip B Gorelick
Cognitive impairment of later life is an important medical and public health challenge. Worldwide it is estimated that the number of persons with dementia will continue to increase, especially in low- and middle-income countries. An important public health challenge relates to the prevention of cognitive decline and dementia. Specifically, is it possible to maintain cognitive vitality or prevent or slow cognitive decline? In this opinion-based piece, I review United States-based guidance statements for maintenance of cognition and select single and multidomain trials designed to preserve cognitive function...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670202/conceptualising-a-model-to-guide-nursing-and-midwifery-in-the-community-guided-by-an-evidence-review
#18
Patricia Leahy-Warren, Helen Mulcahy, Lazelle Benefield, Colin Bradley, Alice Coffey, Ann Donohoe, Serena Fitzgerald, Tim Frawley, Elizabeth Healy, Maria Healy, Marcella Kelly, Bernard McCarthy, Kathleen McLoughlin, Catherine Meagher, Rhona O'Connell, Aoife O'Mahony, Gillian Paul, Amanda Phelan, Diarmuid Stokes, Jessica Walsh, Eileen Savage
BACKGROUND: Successful models of nursing and midwifery in the community delivering healthcare throughout the lifespan and across a health and illness continuum are limited, yet necessary to guide global health services. Primary and community health services are the typical points of access for most people and the location where most care is delivered. The scope of primary healthcare is complex and multifaceted and therefore requires a practice framework with sound conceptual and theoretical underpinnings...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669129/assumptions-and-moral-understanding-of-the-wish-to-hasten-death-a-philosophical-review-of-qualitative-studies
#19
Andrea Rodríguez-Prat, Evert van Leeuwen
It is not uncommon for patients with advanced disease to express a wish to hasten death (WTHD). Qualitative studies of the WTHD have found that such a wish may have different meanings, none of which can be understood outside of the patient's personal and sociocultural background, or which necessarily imply taking concrete steps to ending one's life. The starting point for the present study was a previous systematic review of qualitative studies of the WTHD in advanced patients. Here we analyse in greater detail the statements made by patients included in that review in order to examine their moral understandings and representations of illness, the dying process and death...
July 1, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667088/consort-2010-statement-extension-checklist-for-reporting-within-person-randomised-trials
#20
Nikolaos Pandis, Bryan Chung, Roberta W Scherer, Diana Elbourne, Douglas G Altman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
113368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"