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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230275/the-development-and-correlates-of-gender-role-attitudes-in-african-american-youth
#1
Chun Bun Lam, Christine Stanik, Susan M McHale
This research examined the longitudinal trajectories and family correlates of gender role attitudes in African American youth in a sample of 166 sibling pairs residing with their mothers and fathers. Multilevel modelling revealed that (1) girls and boys exhibited significant declines in gender attitude traditionality from ages 9 to 15 that levelled off through age 18, (2) mothers' (but not fathers') gender role attitude traditionality was positively related to youth's attitude traditionality, and (3) within-person variation in mothers' (but not fathers') racial discrimination experiences was negatively related to within-person variation in youth's gender role attitude traditionality...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220955/profiles-of-adolescent-religiousness-using-latent-profile-analysis-implications-for-psychopathology
#2
Gregory S Longo, Bethany C Bray, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Prior research has documented robust associations between adolescent religiousness/spirituality (R/S) and psychopathology outcomes including externalizing and internalizing symptomatology, yet no previous studies have examined these associations with adolescent R/S profiles using a person-centred approach. We examined whether there are identifiable subgroups characterized by unique multidimensional patterns of R/S experiences and how these experiences may be related to externalizing and internalizing symptomatology...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220954/is-god-just-a-big-person-children-s-conceptions-of-god-across-cultures-and-religious-traditions
#3
Melanie A Nyhof, Carl N Johnson
The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. In Study 1, 3- to 7-year-olds from LDS and MC backgrounds were asked about supernatural mental and immaterial attributes of God, a ghost, a dad, and a bug...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220951/varieties-of-social-experience-the-religious-cultural-context-of-diverse-spiritual-exemplars
#4
Pamela Ebstyne King, Mona M Abo-Zena, Jonathan D Weber
From cultural developmental and relational developmental systems perspectives, the current study employed an exemplar research design along with qualitative content analysis to gain deeper understanding of how adolescents perceived the social influences on their religious and spiritual development (RSD) among religiously and culturally diverse youth. The sample included interviews of 28 highly spiritual youth aged 12-21 years (M = 17.73 years) from six countries and eight different religious traditions...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214789/-truth-in-research-labelling-regarding-wame-s-quoted-comments
#5
Margaret Winker
We were surprised to read Dr Noble's article, "Truth in research labelling". Dr Noble quotes from an email exchange he and I had regarding a petition that he had asked the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) to endorse (personal communication, Bernard Carroll and John Noble, September 27, 2016). Unfortunately, the article's description of WAME's comments, which were intended to provide constructive suggestions to improve the petition by ensuring that it was fully supported by facts, is incomplete and the comments have been taken out of context...
February 13, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213821/prevalence-of-internalized-hiv-related-stigma-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-care-united-states-2011-2013
#6
Amy R Baugher, Linda Beer, Jennifer L Fagan, Christine L Mattson, Mark Freedman, Jacek Skarbinski, R Luke Shouse
HIV-infected U.S. adults have reported internalized HIV-related stigma; however, the national prevalence of stigma is unknown. We sought to determine HIV-related stigma prevalence among adults in care, describe which socio-demographic groups bear the greatest stigma burden, and assess the association between stigma and sustained HIV viral suppression. The Medical Monitoring Project measures characteristics of U.S. HIV-infected adults receiving care using a national probability sample. We used weighted data collected from June 2011 to May 2014 and assessed self-reported internalized stigma based on agreement with six statements...
February 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202787/dysregulated-glycine-signaling-contributes-to-increased-impulsivity-during-protracted-alcohol-abstinence
#7
Cristina Irimia, Matthew W Buczynski, Luis A Natividad, Sarah A Laredo, Nathaniel Avalos, Loren H Parsons
Persons with alcoholism who are abstinent exhibit persistent impairments in the capacity for response inhibition, and this form of impulsivity is significantly associated with heightened relapse risk. Brain-imaging studies implicate aberrant prefrontal cortical function in this behavioral pathology, although the underlying mechanisms are not understood. Here we present evidence that deficient activation of glycine and serine release in the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) contributes to increased motor impulsivity during protracted abstinence from long-term alcohol exposure...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192495/is-your-dog-empathic-developing-a-dog-emotional-reactivity-survey
#8
Flóra Szánthó, Ádám Miklósi, Enikő Kubinyi
Dogs' seemingly empathic behaviour attracts general and scientific attention alike. Behaviour tests are usually not sufficiently realistic to evoke empathic-like behaviour; therefore we decided to ask owners about their experiences with their dogs in emotionally loaded situations. Owners from Hungary (N = 591) and from Germany (N = 2283) were asked to rate their level of agreement on a 1-5 Likert scale with statements about the reactivity of their dogs to their emotions and to other dogs' behaviour. We created two scales with satisfactory internal reliability: reactivity to the owner's emotion and reactivity to other dogs' behaviour...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181696/consequences-of-clinical-case-management-for-caregivers-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Aline Corvol, Adina Dreier, Joachim Prudhomm, Jochen René Thyrian, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Dominique Somme
OBJECTIVE: Informal caregivers are deeply involved in the case management process. However, little is known about the consequences of such programs for informal caregivers. This systematic literature review, reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement, addressed the consequences of clinical case management programs, whether positive or negative, for caregivers of frail older persons or persons with dementia. METHODS: We systematically identified and analyzed published randomized trials and quasi-experimental studies comparing case management programs to usual care, which discussed outcomes concerning caregivers...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179722/student-perceptions-of-learning-through-an-international-comparison
#10
Phillip Woods, Jason Perepelkin, Amary Mey, Rodney Gapp, Michelle King
Objective. To broaden pharmacy students' international perspectives through a teaching and learning method involving international comparison. Design. Four topics within a pharmacy law and practice course were taught in-person by collaborating faculty members representing two international perspectives (Australian and Canadian). The assessed learning objective was for students to be able to synthesize an international comparative analysis that reflected an international perspective. Assessment. Approximately 70% (n=44) of the class completed an online survey instrument that explored students' perceptions of their own learning...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178021/the-meanings-young-people-assign-to-living-with-mental-illness-and-their-experiences-in-managing-their-health-and-lives-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#11
Roberta L Woodgate, Corey Sigurdson, Lisa Demczuk, Pauline Tennent, Bernadine Wallis, Pamela Wener
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that less than 25% of young people in need of treatment for mental illness receive specialized services, and even fewer receive a diagnosis by their doctor. These findings are troubling given that living with a mental illness can have a significant impact on a young person's life, the lives of his/her family members, the young person's community and society generally. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the best available qualitative evidence on the meanings young people assign to living with mental illness and their experiences in managing their health and lives...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165759/recalling-support-provision-decreases-distress-and-anger-in-response-to-partner-suffering
#12
Joan K Monin, Annie Xu, Hannah-Rose Mitchell, Frank Buurman, Catherine Riffin
OBJECTIVES: Thinking about a loved one's suffering can be emotionally stressful and have negative effects on a person's psychological and physical health over time. This study examined the hypotheses that when thinking about a partner's suffering (1) recalling past support provision to the suffering partner can decrease distress and anger and increase compassion, and (2) attachment orientation moderates these effects. METHOD: Seventy-seven older adult spouses of individuals with chronic pain were video-recorded while they disclosed: (1) an instance of partner suffering and (2) an instance of partner suffering plus their support provision...
February 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165687/science-reinforcing-mission-how-can-our-communities-move-ahead-after-ferguson
#13
Fred Rottnek
During Jesus' healing ministry, he addressed the diseases of his day, particularly the conditions that ostracized people, such as demon possession, paralysis, hemorrhage and blindness. This healing ministry is much of our focus in Catholic health care, as it should be. But Jesus addressed the deeper stories that surrounded the people he healed. He challenged his listeners to recognize the role they played in creating their own narrative of disease and their communities' norms in responding to illness. He did not shy away from separating the afflicted person's illness from moral failings or character weakness...
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165299/molecular-biomarkers-for-the-evaluation-of-colorectal-cancer-guideline-from-the-american-society-for-clinical-pathology-college-of-american-pathologists-association-for-molecular-pathology-and-the-american-society-of-clinical-oncology
#14
Antonia R Sepulveda, Stanley R Hamilton, Carmen J Allegra, Wayne Grody, Allison M Cushman-Vokoun, William K Funkhouser, Scott E Kopetz, Christopher Lieu, Noralane M Lindor, Bruce D Minsky, Federico A Monzon, Daniel J Sargent, Veena M Singh, Joseph Willis, Jennifer Clark, Carol Colasacco, R Bryan Rumble, Robyn Temple-Smolkin, Christina B Ventura, Jan A Nowak
Purpose Molecular testing of colorectal cancers (CRCs) to improve patient care and outcomes of targeted and conventional therapies has been the center of many recent studies, including clinical trials. Evidence-based recommendations for the molecular testing of CRC tissues to guide epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) -targeted therapies and conventional chemotherapy regimens are warranted in clinical practice. The purpose of this guideline is to develop evidence-based recommendations to help establish standard molecular biomarker testing for CRC through a systematic review of the literature...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160089/urolithiasis-evaluation-dietary-factors-and-medical-management-an-update-of-the-2014-siu-icud-international-consultation-on-stone-disease
#15
Helene Jung, Sero Andonian, Dean Assimos, Timothy Averch, Petrisor Geavlete, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Andreas Neisius, Joe Philip, Alberto Saita, Hemendra Shah, Palle Jörn Osther
PURPOSE: The aim of this review was to provide current best evidence for evaluation, dietary, and medical management of patients with urolithiasis. METHODS: Literature addressing evaluation, dietary, and medical management of urolithiasis was searched. Papers were analyzed and rated according to level of evidence (LOE), whereupon a synthesis of the evidence was made. Grade of recommendation (GOR) was judged from individual clinical experience and knowledge of the evidence according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine...
February 3, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159129/attitudes-toward-abortion-among-students-at-the-university-of-cape-coast-ghana
#16
Sarah D Rominski, Eugene Darteh, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Michelle Munro-Kramer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the attitudes toward abortion of Ghanaian University students and to determine factors which are associated with supporting a woman's right to an abortion. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was administered to residential students at the University of Cape Coast. Participants were posed a series of 26 statements to determine to what extent they were supportive of abortion as a woman's right. An exploratory factor analysis was used to create a scale with the pertinent factors that relate to abortion attitudes and a multivariable linear regression model explored the relationships among significant variables noted during exploratory factor analysis...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159121/mode-of-delivery-among-swedish-midwives-and-obstetricians-and-their-attitudes-towards-caesarean-section
#17
Maria Sahlin, Ellika Andolf, Gunnar Edman, Ingela Wiklund
BACKGROUND: A knowledge gap exists around midwives' and obstetricians' mode of delivery in comparison to the general population, and if their personal experience influences their attitudes towards different modes of delivery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate midwives' and obstetricians' mode of delivery compared to the population at large. The second aim was to see if their mode of delivery had been influenced by the expanded indications for caesarean section as described in medical literature...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152153/aspects-of-self-and-identity-in-narrations-about-recent-events-communication-with-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease-enabled-by-a-digital-photograph-diary
#18
Eva Karlsson, Karin Zingmark, Karin Axelsson, Stefan Sävenstedt
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144225/the-selfie-paradox-nobody-seems-to-like-them-yet-everyone-has-reasons-to-take-them-an-exploration-of-psychological-functions-of-selfies-in-self-presentation
#19
Sarah Diefenbach, Lara Christoforakos
Selfies appear as a double-edged phenomenon. Taking, posting, and viewing selfies has become a daily habit for many. At the same time, research revealed that selfies often evoke criticism and disrespect, and are associated with non-authenticity and narcissism. The present study (N = 238) sheds further light on the somewhat contradictory phenomenon of selfies and their psychological value. In addition to previous studies on selfies and personality traits, the present research explores relations to popular, habitual self-presentation strategies, self-reflections on own and others' selfie-taking behavior, selfie-related affect, and perceived consequences of selfies, by applying a combination of self-constructed and existing scales [e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126459/exercise-management-in-type-1-diabetes-a-consensus-statement
#20
REVIEW
Michael C Riddell, Ian W Gallen, Carmel E Smart, Craig E Taplin, Peter Adolfsson, Alistair N Lumb, Aaron Kowalski, Remi Rabasa-Lhoret, Rory J McCrimmon, Carin Hume, Francesca Annan, Paul A Fournier, Claudia Graham, Bruce Bode, Pietro Galassetti, Timothy W Jones, Iñigo San Millán, Tim Heise, Anne L Peters, Andreas Petz, Lori M Laffel
Type 1 diabetes is a challenging condition to manage for various physiological and behavioural reasons. Regular exercise is important, but management of different forms of physical activity is particularly difficult for both the individual with type 1 diabetes and the health-care provider. People with type 1 diabetes tend to be at least as inactive as the general population, with a large percentage of individuals not maintaining a healthy body mass nor achieving the minimum amount of moderate to vigorous aerobic activity per week...
January 23, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
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