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residency application

Kishore L Jayakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Maria Giovanna Sabbieti, Alessandra Dubbini, Fulvio Laus, Emanuele Paggi, Andrea Marchegiani, Melania Capitani, Luigi Marchetti, Fabrizio Dini, Tina Vermonden, Piera Di Martino, Dimitrios Agas, Roberta Censi
The present study reports on the biocompatibility in vivo after intramuscular and subcutaneous administration in Balb/c mice of vinyl sulphone bearing p(HPMAm-lac1-2)-PEG-p(HPMAm-lac1-2)/thiolated hyaluronic acid hydrogels, designed as novel injectable biomaterials for potential application in the fields of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Ultrasonography, used as a method to study hydrogel gelation and residence time in vivo, showed that, upon injection, the biomaterial efficiently formed a hydrogel by simultaneous thermal gelation and Michael Addition cross-linking forming a viscoelastic spherical depot at the injection site...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Jared M Moore, David A Wininger, Bryan Martin
BACKGROUND : Developing effective leadership skills in physicians is critical for safe patient care. Few residency-based models of leadership training exist. OBJECTIVE : We evaluated residents' readiness to engage in leadership training, feasibility of implementing training for all residents, and residents' acceptance of training. METHODS : In its fourth year, the Leadership Development Program (LDP) consists of twelve 90-minute modules (eg, Team Decision Making and Bias, Leadership Styles, Authentic Leadership) targeting all categorical postgraduate year (PGY) 1 residents...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Cristen P Page, Alfred Reid, Catherine L Coe, Martha Carlough, Daryl Rosenbaum, Janalynn Beste, Blake Fagan, Erika Steinbacher, Geoffrey Jones, Warren P Newton
BACKGROUND : Implementation of the educational milestones benefits from mobile technology that facilitates ready assessments in the clinical environment. We developed a point-of-care resident evaluation tool, the Mobile Medical Milestones Application (M3App), and piloted it in 8 North Carolina family medicine residency programs. OBJECTIVE : We sought to examine variations we found in the use of the tool across programs and explored the experiences of program directors, faculty, and residents to better understand the perceived benefits and challenges of implementing the new tool...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Greg Ogrinc, Emily S Cohen, Robertus van Aalst, Beth Harwood, Ellyn Ercolano, Karyn D Baum, Adam J Pattison, Anne C Jones, Louise Davies, Al West
BACKGROUND : Integrating teaching and hands-on experience in quality improvement (QI) may increase the learning and the impact of resident QI work. OBJECTIVE : We sought to determine the clinical and educational impact of an integrated QI curriculum. METHODS : This clustered, randomized trial with early and late intervention groups used mixed methods evaluation. For almost 2 years, internal medicine residents from Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center on the inpatient teams at the White River Junction VA participated in the QI curriculum...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Rachel Stork Poeppelman, Cara A Liebert, Daniel Brandt Vegas, Carl A Germann, Anna Volerman
BACKGROUND : Team-based learning (TBL) promotes problem solving and teamwork, and has been applied as an instructional method in undergraduate medical education with purported benefits. Although TBL curricula have been implemented for residents, no published systematic reviews or guidelines exist for the development and use of TBL in graduate medical education (GME). OBJECTIVE : To review TBL curricula in GME, identify gaps in the literature, and synthesize a framework to guide the development of TBL curricula at the GME level...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Pia-Maria Bondesson, Mats Galbe
BACKGROUND: Pretreatment is an important step in the production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material. Using acetic acid together with steam pretreatment allows the positive effects of an acid catalyst to be retained, while avoiding the negative environmental effects associated with sulphuric acid. Acetic acid is also formed during the pretreatment and hydrolysis of hemicellulose, and is a known inhibitor that may impair fermentation at high concentrations. The purpose of this study was to improve ethanol production from glucose and xylose in steam-pretreated, acetic-acid-impregnated wheat straw by process design of simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF), using a genetically modified pentose fermenting yeast strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Hong Ji, Jocelyn M Biagini Myers, Eric B Brandt, Cole Brokamp, Patrick H Ryan, Gurjit K Khurana Hershey
Exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) has been implicated in asthma development, persistence, and exacerbation. This exposure is highly significant as large segments of the global population resides in zones that are most impacted by TRAP and schools are often located in high TRAP exposure areas. Recent findings shed new light on the epigenetic mechanisms by which exposure to traffic pollution may contribute to the development and persistence of asthma. In order to delineate TRAP induced effects on the epigenome, utilization of newly available innovative methods to assess and quantify traffic pollution will be needed to accurately quantify exposure...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
Julia L Monteiro, Paula F Carneiro, Petteri Elsner, Dominique Roberge, Peter G M Wuts, Kathrin Kurjan, Bernhard Gutmann, C Oliver Kappe
Herein, we report an operationally simple and rapid continuous flow radical C─C bond formation under Minisci-type reaction conditions. The transformations are performed at or below room temperature employing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) as reagents in the presence of an Fe(II) catalyst. For electron rich aromatic and heteroaromatic substrates C─C bond formation proceeds satisfactorily with electrophilic radicals including ∙CF3, ∙C4F9, ∙CH2CN and ∙CH2CO2Et. In contrast, electron poor substrates exhibit minimal reactivity...
October 24, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Shun-Ting Chou, Hsin-Yi Lo, Chia-Cheng Li, Lu-Chen Cheng, Pei-Chi Chou, Yu-Chen Lee, Tin-Yun Ho, Chien-Yun Hsiang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn., also known as roselle, is used in folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common problem in long-term care facilities. However, effects of roselle on UTI and renal inflammation remained to be analyzed. AIM: Here we surveyed the effect of roselle drink on the prevention of UTI in long-term care facilities and analyzed the anti-inflammatory potential of roselle on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced renal inflammation in mice...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Seyi Latunde-Dada, Rachel Bott, Jack Crozier, Markos Trikeriotis, Oksana Iryna Leszczyszyn, David Goodall
Taylor dispersion analysis (TDA) is an absolute method for determining the diffusion coefficients, and hence the hydrodynamic radii, of particles by measuring the dispersion in a carrier medium flowing within a capillary. It is applicable under conditions which allow the particles to radially diffuse appreciably across the cross-section of the flow before the measurement and therefore implies long measurement times are required for large particles with small diffusion coefficients. In this paper, a method has been developed by which the diffusion coefficients of large particles can be rapidly estimated from the shapes of the concentration profiles obtained at much earlier measurement times...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Leah J Hauser, Grant M Gebhard, Rachel Blumhagen, Nichole E Carlson, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
OBJECTIVE: To identify resident applicant characteristics that increase the odds of matching to otolaryngology residency. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: Residency applications to our institution from 2009 through 2013 were reviewed. The available data represented 81.1% of applicants to otolaryngology programs nationwide. Online public records were searched to determine whether an applicant matched to an otolaryngology residency position...
October 21, 2016: Laryngoscope
E Schleihauf, S Mutschall, B Billard, E N Taboada, D Haldane
A subtyping methodology for Campylobacter, Comparative Genomic Fingerprinting (CGF40), has been described recently. The objective of this study was to assess the utility of CGF40 as a tool to enhance routine public health surveillance of campylobacteriosis. Isolates of Campylobacter from across the province were requested and sent for CGF40 subtyping. Epidemiological data from cases reported to public health officials in Nova Scotia, Canada, from January 2012 to March 2015 were linked with blinded CGF40 subtyping results...
October 21, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
H Borgmann, M Rodríguez Socarrás, J Salem, I Tsaur, J Gomez Rivas, E Barret, L Tortolero
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility, safety and usefulness of augmented reality-assisted urological surgery using smartglass (SG). METHODS: Seven urological surgeons (3 board urologists and 4 urology residents) performed augmented reality-assisted urological surgery using SG for 10 different types of operations and a total of 31 urological operations. Feasibility was assessed using technical metadata (number of photographs taken/number of videos recorded/video time recorded) and structured interviews with the urologists on their use of SG...
October 19, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Devaki Nambiar, Anne Schlotheuber, Daniel Reidpath, Zev Ross
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognised that the pursuit of sustainable development cannot be accomplished without addressing inequality, or observed differences between subgroups of a population. Monitoring health inequalities allows for the identification of health topics where major group differences exist, dimensions of inequality that must be prioritised to effect improvements in multiple health domains, and also population subgroups that are multiply disadvantaged. While availability of data to monitor health inequalities is gradually improving, there is a commensurate need to increase, within countries, the technical capacity for analysis of these data and interpretation of results for decision-making...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Crystal S Y Cheung, Nima Noordeh, Chloe C Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to assess Canadian ophthalmologists' awareness of established uveitis treatment guidelines and clinical management of uveitis and to assess the frequency of government applications for immunomodulatory therapy (IMT) and identify primary prescribers. A 25-item questionnaire was sent to 759 practicing Canadian ophthalmologists. Six questions assessed demographics including the year of residency completion, training by uveitis specialists during residency, and fellowship training...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Abdelaziz Boulesbaa, Kai Wang, Masoud Mahjouri-Samani, Mengkun Tian, Alexander A Puretzky, Ilia Ivanov, Christopher M Rouleau, Kai Xiao, Bobby G Sumpter, David B Geohegan
Photoinduced interfacial charge transfer is at the heart of many applications, including photovoltaics, photocatalysis, and photodetection. With the emergence of a new class of semiconductors such as monolayer two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (2D-TMDs), charge transfer at the 2D/2D heterojunctions attracted several efforts due to the remarkable optical and electrical properties of 2D-TMDs. Unfortunately, in 2D/2D heterojunctions, for a given combination of two materials, the relative energy band alignment and the charge transfer efficiency are locked...
October 18, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Qin Yu, Baiting Liu, Rongmei Na
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of hypertension in Zhuanghe region. DESIGN AND METHOD: By adopting the cross-sectional study, the 3500 original residents were chosen from the country of Zhuanghe randomly. Using adjusting questionnaire of WHO-Monica study including smoking, alcohol consumption, daily salt intake, physical activity, receiving health education times, family history, history of diabetes and coronary heart disease were recorded...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Lisa G Rosas, Deborah Salvo, Sandra J Winter, David Cortes, Juan Rivera, Nicole M Rodriguez, Abby C King
Middle- and low-income countries bear 80 % of the global chronic disease burden. Population-level, multi-sectoral approaches to promoting healthful lifestyles that take into local physical, socioeconomic, and sociocultural characteristics of both the environment and the population are needed. The "Nuestra Voz (Our Voice)" is one such approach that involves neighborhood residents acting as "citizen scientists" to systematically gather information on the barriers and facilitators of physical activity in their neighborhoods and then use their data to collectively advocate for local environmental- and policy-level changes to support active living...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Tae Gwan Oh, Won Chul Cha, Ik Joon Jo, Mun Ju Kang, Dong Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to summarize the therapeutic hypothermia (TH) protocols used in emergency departments (EDs) in Korea and to investigate the differences between level 1 and 2 centers. METHODS: The chief residents from 56 EDs were given a structured survey containing questions on the indications for TH, methods for TH induction, maintaining, and finalizing TH treatments. The participants were divided into 2 groups based on their work place (level 1 vs. level 2 centers)...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
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