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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937913/dietary-euphorbia-hirta-extract-improved-the-resistance-of-african-catfish-clarias-gariepinus-to-aeromonas-hydrophila
#1
Atefeh Sheikhlar, Goh Yong Meng, Razak Alimon, Nicholas Romano, Mahdi Ebrahimi
Aqueous and methanol extracts of lemon (Citrus lemon) peel, Euphorbia hirta (aerial parts) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seeds were tested for their in vitro antimicrobial activities against the bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila. A swab paper disk method showed the methanol extract of E. hirta (EHE) had the largest inhibition zone and the lowest minimal inhibitory concentration compared to all other herbal extracts. Based on these results, EHE was included in the diets of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) at 0 (control), 2, 5 or 7 g/kg diet (experiment 1)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937862/the-effect-of-preoperative-oral-carbohydrate-on-breastfeeding-after-cesarean-section-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Razieh Khalooei Fard, Zohre Tabassi, Mostafa Qorbani, Saeed Hosseini
Delay in the initiation of breastfeeding is one of the problems of cesarean section. Its causes are insulin resistance, pain, anxiety, stress, thirst, hunger, and so on. Preoperative oral carbohydrate (OCH) reduces postoperative insulin resistance and improves postoperative recovery. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of preoperative oral carbohydrate on breastfeeding after cesarean section. In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 91 pregnant women who underwent elective cesarean section were randomly assigned to preoperative OCH (Nutricia Preop; n = 45) or control group (water flavored with lemon; n = 46)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935277/comparing-freestanding-emergency-departments-hospital-based-emergency-departments-and-urgent-care-in-texas-apples-oranges-or-lemons
#3
EDITORIAL
Jeremiah D Schuur, Donald M Yealy, Michael L Callaham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935151/consumption-of-garlic-and-lemon-aqueous-extracts-combination-reduces-tumor-burden-by-angiogenesis-inhibition-apoptosis-induction-and-immune-system-modulation
#4
Wamidh H Talib
OBJECTIVES: Dietary agents play an important role in cancer prevention and therapy because of their low toxicity and the perception that they are not a medicine. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anticancer effect of the administration of garlic and lemon aqueous extracts against breast cancer implanted in mice. METHODS: We used 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay to determine the antiproliferative effect of both extracts and their combinations...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928530/influence-of-drying-process-and-particle-size-of-persimmon-fibre-on-its-physicochemical-antioxidant-hydration-and-emulsifying-properties
#5
R Martínez-Las Heras, E F Landines, A Heredia, M L Castelló, A Andrés
Persimmon, given its current surplus production, could be an alternative source for the extraction of certain interesting ingredients for the food industry and human health, such as fibre. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyse the influence of hot air and freeze-drying, as well as the particle size of fibre extracted from persimmon peels or pulp on their physicochemical, antioxidant, hydration and emulsifying properties, compared to commercial fibres (from peach, lemon, orange and apple). The results showed that both freeze-dried persimmon pulp and freeze-dried peel had better hydration properties and oil holding capacity than other fibres analysed, although the swelling capacity was higher for lemon fibre...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917362/a-comparative-study-of-the-antacid-effect-of-some-commonly-consumed-foods-for-hyperacidity-in-an-artificial-stomach-model
#6
Vandana Panda, Priyanka Shinde, Jyoti Deora, Pankaj Gupta
OBJECTIVES: The incorporation of certain alkalinizing vegetables, fruits, milk and its products in the diet has been known to alleviate hyperacidity. These foods help to restore the natural gastric balance and function, curb acid reflux, aid digestion, reduce the burning sensation due to hyperacidity and soothe the inflamed mucosa of the stomach. The present study evaluates and compares the antacid effect of broccoli, kale, radish, cucumber, lemon juice, cold milk and curd in an artificial stomach model...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904280/food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-due-to-ingestion-of-mikan-citrus-unshiu
#7
Yutaka Tanaka, Marie Sugihara, Shuntaro Tsumagari, Nobue Takamatsu, Kazuyuki Kurihara
A 12-year-old girl was referred to our hospital owing to repeated anaphylactic reactions induced by exercise after meals. Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIAn) was suspected. However, sequential tests of typical foods, including egg, milk, soy, and wheat, in combination with exercise, were all negative.The results of the skin prick test (SPT) for Citrus unshiu and specific IgE test for orange and grapefruit were positive. Although no symptoms were noted after an exercise challenge combined with the ingestion of only Citrus unshiu, an anaphylactic reaction was induced by additional acetyl-salicylic acid...
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887164/type-a-viral-hepatitis-a-summary-and-update-on-the-molecular-virology-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-prevention
#8
REVIEW
Stanley M Lemon, Jördis J Ott, Pierre Van Damme, Daniel Shouval
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is an ancient disease and likely to have afflicted mankind since humans first began to live in groups large enough to sustain transmission of the causative agent, HAV. In reviewing what was known as 'catarrhal jaundice' in 1912, Cockayne noted descriptions of epidemic jaundice extending back to antiquity1. The infectious nature of the disease was proven several decades later in deliberate human transmission studies2. Such experiments led to a clear distinction between hepatitis A ('infectious hepatitis') and hepatitis B ('homologous serum jaundice') and recognition of the lack of cross immunity between these two forms of transmissible hepatitis as early as 19453...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881276/stress-induced-changes-of-growth-yield-and-bioactive-compounds-in-lemon-balm-cultivars
#9
Krisztina Szabó, Péter Radácsi, Péter Rajhárt, Márta Ladányi, Éva Németh
The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of water deficiency on five Melissa officinalis genotypes. For three months water supply of 70% (control) and 40% (stress) of soil water capacity treatments have been adjusted in a pot experiment. Considering the morphological data, the different genetic potentials of cultivars were manifested only under optimum water regimes while under drought they merged into one homogeneous basic population representing the species. The biomass data decreased for all cultivars under drought stress, but the degree of loss was genotype specific...
July 22, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874468/tim1-havcr1-is-not-essential-for-cellular-entry-of-either-quasi-enveloped-or-naked-hepatitis-a-virions
#10
Anshuman Das, Asuka Hirai-Yuki, Olga González-López, Bethany Rhein, Sven Moller-Tank, Rachel Brouillette, Lucinda Hensley, Ichiro Misumi, William Lovell, John M Cullen, Jason K Whitmire, Wendy Maury, Stanley M Lemon
Receptor molecules play key roles in the cellular entry of picornaviruses, and TIM1 (HAVCR1) is widely accepted to be the receptor for hepatitis A virus (HAV), an unusual, hepatotropic human picornavirus. However, its identification as the hepatovirus receptor predated the discovery that hepatoviruses undergo nonlytic release from infected cells as membrane-cloaked, quasi-enveloped HAV (eHAV) virions that enter cells via a pathway distinct from naked, nonenveloped virions. We thus revisited the role of TIM1 in hepatovirus entry, examining both adherence and infection/replication in cells with clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/Cas9-engineered TIM1 knockout...
September 5, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873644/anti-polymerization-activity-of-tea-and-fruits-extracts-during-rapeseed-oil-heating
#11
Dominik Kmiecik, Anna Gramza-Michałowska, Józef Korczak
The aim of the study was to analyze the influence of natural antioxidants on polymerization of partially hydrogenated rapeseed oil heated in 170°C for 40h. In the research ethanolic extracts of green tea leaves (China Lung Ching), yellow tea leaves (China Kakecha), cranberry, blackberry, and lime were used. The yellow and green tea extracts were characterized by the highest content of total polyphenol and antioxidant activity. Polymers of triacylglycerols were found only in the polar fraction of heated oil...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873614/flavor-and-chiral-stability-of-lemon-flavored-hard-tea-during-storage
#12
Fei He, YanPing L Qian, Michael C Qian
Flavor stability of hard tea beverage was investigated over eight weeks of storage. The volatile compounds were analyzed using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS) and two-dimensional GC-MS. Quantitative analysis showed that the concentrations of linalool, citronellol, geranial, neral, geraniol, and nerol decreased dramatically during storage, whereas α-terpineol showed an increasing trend during storage. Heart-cut two-dimensional GC-MS (2D-GC-MS) chirality analysis showed that (R)-(+)-limonene, (R)-(-)-linalool, (S)-(-)-α-terpineol and (S)-(-)-4-terpineol dominated in the fresh hard tea samples, however, the configuration changed during storage for the terpene alcohols...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873026/impact-of-ionizing-radiation-on-the-cardiovascular-system-a-review
#13
Stephanie Puukila, Jennifer A Lemon, Simon J Lees, T C Tai, Douglas R Boreham, Neelam Khaper
Radiation therapy has become one of the main forms of treatment for various types of cancers. Cancer patients previously treated with high doses of radiation are at a greater risk to develop cardiovascular complications later in life. The heart can receive varying doses of radiation depending on the type of therapy and can even reach doses in the range of 17 Gy. Multiple studies have highlighted the role of oxidative stress and inflammation in radiation-induced cardiovascular damage. Doses of ionizing radiation below 200 mGy, however, have been shown to have beneficial effects in some experimental models of radiation-induced damage, but low-dose effects in the heart is still debated...
September 5, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872307/gold-corroles-as-near-ir-phosphors-for-oxygen-sensing
#14
Christopher M Lemon, David C Powers, Penelope J Brothers, Daniel G Nocera
The triplet state of gold(III) corroles is exploited for optical oxygen sensing. We report intense phosphorescence for gold(III) corroles in the near-IR, an optical window that is ideal for tissue transparency. Moreover, the triplet excited-state emission exhibits significant changes in intensity and lifetime over the 0-160 Torr O2 pressure range. This renders these compounds sensitive at biologically relevant pressures and overcomes the spectral limitations of palladium and platinum porphyrins for oxygen sensing in biology...
September 5, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870697/a-new-pathogen-myxobolus-holzerae-myxosporea-myxozoa-causing-severe-gill-disease-in-an-indian-major-carp-labeo-rohita-in-a-cold-water-wetland-punjab-india
#15
Aditya Gupta, Harpreet Kaur
The Indian major carp, Labeo rohita Hamilton, 1822 is a tropical freshwater cyprinid fish native to inland waters in Asia. Herein, we describe a novel myxozoan forming plasmodia in the gill lamellae of L. rohita from Ranjit Sagar Wetland in Punjab, India. Myxospores were consistent with the genus Myxobolus, round to elliptical in valvular view, lemon shaped in side view with a characteristic protrusion at the anterior end and a round posterior end; length 7.65 ± 0.07 μm, width 4.62 ± 0.09 μm. There were two polar capsules of equal length, pear shaped, length of polar capsule 2...
September 8, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870621/is-weather-related-to-the-number-of-assaults-seen-at-emergency-departments
#16
D J Lemon, R Partridge
BACKGROUND: It is often suggested that the weather can effect behaviour, increasing the likelihood of assaults and resulting in increased admissions to emergency departments (ED). Therefor a better understanding of the effect of climatic conditions could be useful to help EDs in capacity planning. Whilst other studies have looked at this, none have used data collected specifically to look at ED attendance for assaults or have taken account of potential behaviour modifiers. METHODS: We use data from our ED violence surveillance system, the Cardiff Model (CM), married to daily meteorological data to construct negative-binomial regression models...
August 24, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869757/a-general-method-to-fine-tune-fluorophores-for-live-cell-and-in-vivo-imaging
#17
Jonathan B Grimm, Anand K Muthusamy, Yajie Liang, Timothy A Brown, William C Lemon, Ronak Patel, Rongwen Lu, John J Macklin, Philipp J Keller, Na Ji, Luke D Lavis
Pushing the frontier of fluorescence microscopy requires the design of enhanced fluorophores with finely tuned properties. We recently discovered that incorporation of four-membered azetidine rings into classic fluorophore structures elicits substantial increases in brightness and photostability, resulting in the Janelia Fluor (JF) series of dyes. We refined and extended this strategy, finding that incorporation of 3-substituted azetidine groups allows rational tuning of the spectral and chemical properties of rhodamine dyes with unprecedented precision...
September 4, 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867385/olfactory-conditioned-same-sex-partner-preference-in-female-rats-role-of-ovarian-hormones
#18
M B Tecamachaltzi-Silvaran, M Barradas-Moctezuma, D Herrera-Covarrubias, P Carrillo, A A Corona-Morales, C A Perez, L I García, J Manzo, Genaro A Coria-Avila
The dopamine D2-type receptor agonist quinpirole (QNP) facilitates the development of conditioned same-sex partner preference in males during cohabitation, but not in ovariectomized (OVX) females, primed with estradiol benzoate (EB) and progesterone (P). Herein we tested the effects of QNP on OVX, EB-only primed females. Females received a systemic injection (every four days) of either saline (Saline-conditioned) or QNP (QNP-conditioned) and then cohabited for 24h with lemon-scented stimulus females (CS+), during three trials...
September 11, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833928/an-exceptional-family-ophiocordyceps-allied-fungus-dominates-the-microbiome-of-soft-scale-insects-hemiptera-sternorrhyncha-coccidae
#19
Priscila Gomez-Polo, Matthew J Ballinger, Maya Lalzar, Assaf Malik, Yair Ben-Dov, Neta Mozes-Daube, Steve J Perlman, Lilach Iasur-Kruh, Elad Chiel
Hemipteran insects of the suborder Sternorrhyncha are plant-sap feeders, where each family is obligately associated with a specific bacterial endosymbiont that produces essential nutrients lacking in the sap. Coccidae (soft scale insects) is the only major sternorrhynchan family in which obligate symbiont(s) have not been identified. We studied the microbiota in seven species from this family from Israel, Spain and Cyprus by high throughput sequencing of ribosomal genes, and found that no specific bacterium was prevalent and abundant in all the tested species...
August 21, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828253/extended-exposure-to-elevated-temperature-affects-escape-response-behaviour-in-coral-reef-fishes
#20
Donald T Warren, Jennifer M Donelson, Mark I McCormick
The threat of predation, and the prey's response, are important drivers of community dynamics. Yet environmental temperature can have a significant effect on predation avoidance techniques such as fast-start performance observed in marine fishes. While it is known that temperature increases can influence performance and behaviour in the short-term, little is known about how species respond to extended exposure during development. We produced a startle response in two species of damselfish, the lemon damsel Pomacentrus moluccensis, and the Ambon damselfish Pomacentrus amboinensis, by the repeated use of a drop stimulus...
2017: PeerJ
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