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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806030/hepatitis-c-cured
#1
Michael Lemon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805834/profiles-of-free-and-bound-phenolics-extracted-from-citrus-fruits-and-their-roles-in-biological-systems-content-and-antioxidant-anti-diabetic-and-anti-hypertensive-properties
#2
Muhammad H Alu'datt, Taha Rababah, Mohammad N Alhamad, Majdi A Al-Mahasneh, Khalil Ereifej, Ghazi Al-Karaki, Mohammed Al-Duais, Juan E Andrade, Carole C Tranchant, Stan Kubow, Kawther A Ghozlan
This study of selected plants of the Rutaceae family was carried out to investigate their phenolic content, antioxidant activity, and the in vitro inhibitory potential of extracted phenolics towards enzymes relevant for hyperglycemia and hypertension. The phenolic content, antioxidant activity and phenolic extract-mediated inhibitory activities for α-glucosidase and α-amylase were evaluated by spectrophotometry. The content of individual phenolics and the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity of the phenolic extracts were evaluated by LC/MS-MS and RP-HPLC methods, respectively...
August 14, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802186/a-l-type-lectin-gene-is-involved-in-the-response-to-hormonal-treatment-and-water-deficit-in-volkamer-lemon
#3
Dayse Drielly Sousa Santana Vieira, Giovanni Emiliani, Paola Bartolini, Alessandra Podda, Mauro Centritto, François Luro, Renata Del Carratore, Raphaël Morillon, Abelmon Gesteira, Biancaelena Maserti
Combination of biotic and abiotic stress is a major challenge for crop and fruit production. Thus, identification of genes involved in cross-response to abiotic and biotic stress is of great importance for breeding superior genotypes. Lectins are glycan-binding proteins with a functions in the developmental processes as well as in the response to biotic and abiotic stress. In this work, a lectin like gene, namely ClLectin1, was characterized in Volkamer lemon and its expression was studied in plants exposed to either water stress, hormonal elicitors (JA, SA, ABA) or wounding to understand whether this gene may have a function in the response to multiple stress combination...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801641/polymertropism-of-rod-shaped-bacteria-movement-along-aligned-polysaccharide-fibers
#4
David J Lemon, Xingbo Yang, Pragya Srivastava, Yan-Yeung Luk, Anthony G Garza
In nature, bacteria often live in surface-associated communities known as biofilms. Biofilm-forming bacteria typically deposit a layer of polysaccharide on the surfaces they inhabit; hence, polysaccharide is their immediate environment on many surfaces. In this study, we examined how the physical characteristics of polysaccharide substrates influence the behavior of the biofilm-forming bacterium Myxococcus xanthus. M. xanthus responds to the compression-induced deformation of polysaccharide substrates by preferentially spreading across the surface perpendicular to the axis of compression...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794101/modulation-of-taste-processing-by-temperature
#5
Christian H Lemon
Taste stimuli have a temperature that can stimulate thermosensitive neural machinery in the mouth during gustatory experience. Although taste and oral temperature are sometimes discussed as different oral sensory modalities, there is a body of literature that demonstrates temperature is an important component and modulator of the intensity of gustatory neural and perceptual responses. Available data indicate that the influence of temperature on taste, herein referred to as "thermogustation", can vary across taste qualities, can also vary among stimuli presumed to share a common taste quality, and is conditioned on taste stimulus concentration, with neuronal and psychophysical data revealing larger modulatory effects of temperature on gustatory responding to weakened taste solutions compared to concentrated...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793084/-use-of-medicinal-plants-as-home-remedies-in-primary-health-care-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#6
Ana Lúcia Bertarello Zeni, Amanda Varnier Parisotto, Gerson Mattos, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
An increase in the use of alternative therapeutic practices has been observed in the past decade, especially in medicinal plants, herbal and home remedies, which has been supported by policies within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). This study investigated the use of home remedies by users of Primary Health Care in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. It is a cross-sectional, observational and epidemiological study, the data for which were obtained via a questionnaire applied to 701 individuals. An unconditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the use of home remedies and socio-demographic and medical care variables...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792377/leucobacter-ruminantium-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-bovine-rumen
#7
Byung Hee Chun, Hyo Jung Lee, Sang Eun Jeong, Peter Schumann, Che Ok Jeon
A Gram-stain-positive, lemon yellow-pigmented, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain A2T, was isolated from the rumen of cow. Cells were catalase-positive and weakly oxidase-positive. Growth of strain A2T was observed at 25-45 °C (optimum, 37-40 °C), at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.5) and in the presence of 0-3.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1 %). Strain A2T contained iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids. Menaquinone-11 was detected as the sole respiratory quinone...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774505/association-of-dysfunctional-eating-patterns-and-metabolic-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-latinos
#8
Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Christine F Frisard, Stephenie C Lemon, Milagros C Rosal
BACKGROUND: Latinos are at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Identifying behavioral factors associated with CVD risk in this population may provide novel targets for further research to reduce chronic disease disparities. Dysfunctional eating patterns (emotional eating [EE], uncontrolled eating [UE], and cognitive restraint of eating [CR]) may be associated with CVD risk but little is known about this relationship in Latinos. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine associations between dysfunctional eating patterns and metabolic risk factors for CVD in Latinos...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774297/citrus-lemon-essential-oil-chemical-composition-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-activities-with-its-preservative-effect-against-listeria-monocytogenes-inoculated-in-minced-beef-meat
#9
Anis Ben Hsouna, Nihed Ben Halima, Slim Smaoui, Naceur Hamdi
BACKGROUND: Lemon (Citrus limon) is a flowing plant belonging to the Rutaceae family. Citrus plants constitute one of the main valuable sources of essential oil used in foods and medicinal purposes. METHODS: In this study, we assessed chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of C. limon essential oil (ClEO) with its preservative effect against Listeria monocytogenes inoculated in minced beef meat. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to identify the major components of the obtained ClEO...
August 3, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771745/biostimulants-from-food-processing-by-products-agronomic-quality-and-metabolic-impacts-on-organic-tomato-solanum-lycopersicum-l
#10
Lara Abou Chehade, Ziad Al Chami, Sandra Angelica De Pascali, Ivana Cavoski, Francesco Paolo Fanizzi
BACKGROUND: Biostimulants have gained recently an increased attention due to their multiple benefits for sustainable agriculture. In this study, three food processing by-products - fennel processing residues (FPR), lemon processing residues (LPR) and brewers' spent grain (BSG) - were investigated as potential sources of biostimulants. Their aqueous extracts as individual and associated applications were assessed for their effects on agronomic, quality and metabolic performances of organic tomato in comparison to humic substances extract (HS) and untreated control (CTRL)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765797/radiographic-analysis-of-cervical-and-spinal-alignment-in-multilevel-acdf-with-lordotic-interbody-device
#11
Yoshihiro Katsuura, Alex Lemons, Eileen Lorenz, Rachel Swafford, James Osborn, Garrick Cason
BACKGROUND: Restoration and maintenance of cervical lordosis is an important clinical parameter in spine surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which a multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF: greater than 3 levels) procedure restores cervical lordosis and the affect of increasing lordosis on sagittal vertical axis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective radiographic analysis of 69 patients who underwent multilevel ACDF by 2 surgeons between 2013 and 2014...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758914/in-vitro-evaluation-of-sub-lethal-concentrations-of-plant-derived-antifungal-compounds-on-fusaria-growth-and-mycotoxin-production
#12
Caterina Morcia, Giorgio Tumino, Roberta Ghizzoni, Assetou Bara, Nesrine Salhi, Valeria Terzi
Phytopathogenic fungi can lead to significant cereal yield losses, also producing mycotoxins dangerous for human and animal health. The fungal control based on the use of synthetic fungicides can be complemented by "green" methods for crop protection, based on the use of natural products. In this frame, the antifungal activities of bergamot and lemon essential oils and of five natural compounds recurrent in essential oils (citronellal, citral, cinnamaldehyde, cuminaldehyde and limonene) have been evaluated against three species of mycotoxigenic fungi (Fusarium sporotrichioides, F...
July 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758285/effect-of-ozone-on-the-microbiological-status-of-five-dried-aromatic-plants
#13
Martha Kazi, Foteini F Parlapani, Ioannis S Boziaris, Evangelos K Vellios, Christos Lykas
BACKGROUND: Aromatic plants may be contaminated with a wide range of microorganisms making them a potential health hazard when infused or added in ready-to-eat meals. To ensure safety, the effect of gaseous ozone treatment on the population of aerobic plate counts (APC), hygienic indicators (Escherichia coli, Enterococcus spp. and Enterobacteriaceae) and fungi was investigated for five dried aromatic plants; i.e. oregano, thyme, mountain tea, lemon verbena and chamomile. Selection, isolation, and further fungi identification were based on the phenotypic and macro and microscopic characteristics...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749005/screening-of-furanocoumarin-derivatives-as-cytochrome-p450-3a4-inhibitors-in-citrus
#14
M Masuda, S Watanabe, M Tanaka, A Tanaka, H Araki
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Furanocoumarins, such as bergamottin (BG) and 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin (DHB), isolated from grapefruit juice are clinically active constituents capable of inhibiting cytochrome P450 3A4. Furanocoumarins are also found in hassaku, pummelo and daidai. Several types of hybrid citrus fruits have recently been developed, and these may also contain furanocoumarins because they were produced by cross-breeding pummelo, daidai and other citrus fruits. In this study, we quantified BG and DHB levels in the flesh and peel of hybrid citrus fruits...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747972/antimicrobial-property-of-lemongrass-cymbopogon-citratus-oil-against-pathogenic-bacteria-isolated-from-pet-turtles
#15
B C J De Silva, Won-Gi Jung, Sabrina Hossain, S H M P Wimalasena, H N K S Pathirana, Gang-Joon Heo
The usage of essential oils as antimicrobial agents is gaining attention. Besides, pet turtles were known to harbor a range of pathogenic bacteria while the turtle keeping is a growing trend worldwide.The current study examined the antimicrobial activity of lemon grass oil (LGO) against seven species of Gram negative bacteria namely; Aeromonas hydrophila, A. caviae, Citrobacter freundii, Salmonella enterica, Edwardsiella tarda, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Proteus mirabilis isolated from three popular species of pet turtles...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747921/unreduced-megagametophyte-production-in-lemon-occurs-via-three-meiotic-mechanisms-predominantly-second-division-restitution
#16
Houssem Rouiss, José Cuenca, Luis Navarro, Patrick Ollitrault, Pablo Aleza
Unreduced (2n) gametes have played a pivotal role in polyploid plant evolution and are useful for sexual polyploid breeding in various species, particularly for developing new seedless citrus varieties. The underlying mechanisms of 2n gamete formation were recently revealed for Citrus reticulata but remain poorly understood for other citrus species, including lemon (C. limon [L.] Burm. f.). Here, we investigated the frequency and causal meiotic mechanisms of 2n megagametophyte production in lemon. We genotyped 48progeny plants of two lemon genotypes, "Eureka Frost" and "Fino", using 16 Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) and 18 Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) markers to determine the genetic origin of the progenies and the underlying mechanisms for 2n gamete formation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742468/single-ct-scan-prolongs-survival-by-extending-cancer-latency-in-trp53-heterozygous-mice
#17
Jennifer A Lemon, Nghi Phan, Douglas R Boreham
There is growing concern over the effects of medical diagnostic procedures on cancer risk. Although numerous studies have demonstrated that low doses of ionizing radiation can have protective effects including reduced cancer risk and increasing lifespan, the hypothesis that any radiation exposure increases cancer risk still predominates. In this study, we investigated cancer development and longevity of cancer-prone Trp53(+/-) mice exposed at 7-8 weeks of age to a single 10 mGy dose from either a diagnostic CT scan or gamma radiation...
July 25, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741984/multiple-ct-scans-extend-lifespan-by-delaying-cancer-progression-in-cancer-prone-mice
#18
Jennifer A Lemon, Nghi Phan, Douglas R Boreham
Computed tomography (CT) scans are a routine diagnostic imaging technique that utilize low-energy X rays with an average absorbed dose of approximately 10 mGy per clinical whole-body CT scan. The growing use of CT scans in the clinic has raised concern of increased carcinogenic risk in patients exposed to ionizing radiation from diagnostic procedures. The goal of this study was to better understand cancer risk associated with low-dose exposures from CT scans. Historically, low-dose exposure preceding a larger challenge dose increases tumor latency, but does little to impact tumor frequency in Trp53(+/-) mice...
July 25, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727435/wettability-effect-on-evaporation-dynamics-and-crystalline-patterns-of-sessile-saline-droplets
#19
Xin Zhong, Junheng Ren, Fei Duan
The evaporative dynamics and crystalline patterns from sessile saline droplets on various substrates are experimentally investigated. On the silicon wafer and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) plate, the saline droplets exhibit unique evaporative dynamics such that the contact angle keeps increasing for a lasting period. Such an enlargement in contact angle is attenuated at a higher salt concentration. Interestingly, the onset of precipitation is almost overlapped with the end of contact angle enlargement when the contact angle reaches its apex...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723200/flexible-transparent-and-free-standing-silicon-nanowire-sers-platform-for-in-situ-food-inspection
#20
Hao Cui, Shuoyu Li, Shaozhi Deng, Huanjun Chen, Chengxin Wang
We demonstrated a flexible transparent and free-standing Si nanowire paper (SiNWP) as a surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) platform for in situ chemical sensing on warping surfaces with high sensitivity. The SERS activity has originated from the three-dimension interconnected nanowire network structure and electromagnetic coupling between closely separated nanowires in the SiNWP. In addition, the SERS activity can be highly improved by functionalizing the SiNWP with plasmonic Au nanoparticles. The hybrid substrate not only showed excellent reproducibility and stability of the SERS signal, but also maintained the flexibility and transparency of the pristine SiNWP...
March 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
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