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Noushin Rastkari, Maryam Zare Jeddi, Masud Yunesian, Reza Ahmadkhaniha
Acidic liquids such as verjuice, lemon juice and vinegar are frequently consumed in Iran. Different kinds of acidic liquids are packaged in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) bottles. There is evidence indicating that phthalates can leach from PET and HDPE bottles into their contents. In this work the effect of storage time, temperature and bottle type on the migration of phthalates from packaging materials into acidic liquids is studied by analyzing the samples stored under different conditions, before storage and after 2, 4 and 6 months of storage...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Draženka Komes, Arijana Bušić, Ana Belščak-Cvitanović, Mladen Brnčić, Tomislav Bosiljkov, Aleksandra Vojvodić, Filip Dujmić
Regardless of its highly valuable nutritive composition, goat's milk is less preferred by consumers due to its specific sensory characteristics that are very often regarded as undesirable. On the other hand, traditional medicinal plants from Lamiaceae family, due to their rich bioactive composition, especially polyphenols, and desirable aroma profile, can be used to enhance and improve bioactive and sensory properties of food. In the present study nutritively valuable beverages were produced by enrichment of goat's milk with medicinal plant extracts derived from the Lamiaceae family and stabilized by homogenization with high intensity ultrasound treatment...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Dmitry A Apanaskevich, Howard E Lemon
Ixodes goliath n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), is described based on females collected from the eastern hyomys, Hyomys goliath (Milne-Edwards) (Rodentia: Muridae) from Papua New Guinea. Females of I. goliath n. sp. are similar to those of I. priscicollaris Schulze, 1932 but can be distinguished by the overall size, porose areas sculpture and shape of palpal segment I ventrally. For comparative purposes, the female of I. priscicollaris is redescribed. Studied females of I. priscicollaris were found on murid rodents and Phascogale sp...
March 13, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Charlotte Jones, Gareth J Dunseath, Jessica Lemon, Stephen D Luzio
BACKGROUND: Microsampling techniques are alternative methods to venous sampling for obtaining blood for measurement of circulating biomarkers, offering the convenience of reduced sample volume and elimination of the need for phlebotomists. Dried blood spot (DBS) microsampling methods have been used for many years while more recently a volumetric absorptive microsampling device (VAMS™) has been introduced. In diabetes mellitus, circulating C-peptide is commonly used as an indicator of endogenous insulin secretion and clinical measurement can aid in diagnosis as well as informing on therapy...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
William J Hayes, Deidra VanGilder, Joseph Berendse, Michael D Lemon, John A Kappes
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a disorder characterized by episodes of nausea and vomiting lasting for 1-5 days followed by asymptomatic periods. The etiology of CVS is unknown, but it shares similar characteristics to migraine headaches. CVS is generally classified as having four phases: prodromal, acute/vomiting/hyperemesis, recovery, and remission/interepisodic. Current management strategies include trigger avoidance, abortive and prophylactic medication therapies, and supportive care. The goal of therapy for the remission phase is prophylaxis of further episodes...
2018: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
Elizabeth Ojukwu, Lauren R Powell, Sharina D Person, Milagros C Rosal, Stephenie C Lemon, Jeroan Allison
African Americans remain underrepresented in health-related research. We examined the association between spirituality using the Self-Rating Spirituality Scale (range 6-24) and self-reported willingness to participate in health-related research studies among African Americans. Covariates included gender, education level, employment status, and previous research experience. Adjusted associations were calculated with logistic regression models, with multiple imputation to account for missing data. Results from the logistic regression model show that each one-point increase in the Self-Rating Spirituality Scale was associated with a 24% increase in the odds of being very likely to participate in research (OR: 1...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Giselle V Kamenetzky, Andrea B Suárez, María Celeste Ifran, Michael E Nizhnikov, Ricardo M Pautassi
Early pre- or postnatal sensory experiences significantly influence flavor preference and food intake, and can induce liking for innately unpalatable flavors. Previous work found that newborn rats stimulated with an odor experienced shortly after birth exhibited heightened intake and seeking towards an artificial nipple containing quinine. This result suggests that odors made familiar trough early postnatal pre-exposure can shift the motivational value of unconditional stimuli. The objective of the current study was to assess the effect of an odor (lemon) experienced in-utero on the first intake responses towards an artificial nipple supplying quinine...
February 24, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Mark E Schweitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Ralf Bartenschlager, Thomas F Baumert, Jens Bukh, Michael Houghton, Stanley M Lemon, Brett D Lindenbach, Volker Lohmann, Darius Moradpour, Thomas Pietschmann, Charles M Rice, Robert Thimme, Takaji Wakita
The development and clinical implementation of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) has revolutionized the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. Infection with any viral genotype can now be eliminated in more than 95% of patients with short courses of all-oral, well-tolerated drugs, even in those with advanced liver disease and liver transplant recipients. DAAs have proven so successful that some now consider hepatitis C virus (HCV) amenable to eradication, and continued research on the virus of little remaining medical relevance...
February 22, 2018: Virus Research
Valerie J Silfee, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Stephenie C Lemon, Barbara Estabrook, Oanh Nguyen, Milagros C Rosal
Several studies, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), have provided foundational evidence for the efficacy of lifestyle interventions on weight loss and cardiometabolic prevention. However, translating these interventions to real-world settings and engaging at-risk populations has proven difficult. Social media-delivered interventions have high potential for reaching high-risk populations, but there remains a need to understand the extent to which these groups are interested in social media as a delivery mode...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
C Fernández, J V Marti, I Pérez-Baena, J L Palomares, C Ibáñez, J V Segarra
The objective of this experiment was to find out the effect of lemon leaves on energy and C-N balances, methane emission, and milk performance in dairy goats. Lemon leaves were used to replace alfalfa as forage in a diet for Murciano-Granadina goats. Ten Murciano-Granadina dairy goats (44.1 ± 4.47 kg of BW) in late lactation (185 ± 7.2 d) were selected in a crossover design experiment, where each goat received two treatments in 2 periods. One group was fed a mixed ration with 450 g of pelleted alfalfa/kg of DM (ALF diet) and, the other group replaced alfalfa with 450 g of pelleted lemon leaves/kg DM (LEM diet)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Marco Barilari, Adélaïde de Heering, Virginie Crollen, Olivier Collignon, Roberto Bottini
Across cultures and languages, people find similarities between the products of different senses in mysterious ways. By studying what is called cross-modal correspondences, cognitive psychologists discovered that lemons are fast rather than slow, boulders are sour, and red is heavier than yellow. Are these cross-modal correspondences established via sensory perception or can they be learned merely through language? We contribute to this debate by demonstrating that early blind people who lack the perceptual experience of color also think that red is heavier than yellow but to a lesser extent than sighted do...
January 2018: I-Perception
Tara L Croston, Angela R Lemons, Donald H Beezhold, Brett J Green
Fungal bioaerosols are ubiquitous in the environment and human exposure can result in a variety of health effects ranging from systemic, subcutaneous, and cutaneous infections to respiratory morbidity including allergy, asthma, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Recent research has focused on the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) following fungal exposure and is overlooked, yet important, group of regulators capable of influencing fungal immune responses through a variety of cellular mechanisms. These small non-coding ribose nucleic acids function to regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and have been shown to participate in multiple disease pathways including cancer, heart disease, apoptosis, as well as immune responses to microbial hazards and occupational allergens...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Brian P Chen, Marian Chen, Sean Bennett, Kristina Lemon, Kimberly A Bertens, Fady K Balaa, Guillaume Martel
BACKGROUND: There is significant interest and controversy surrounding the effect of restrictive fluid management on outcomes in major gastrointestinal surgery. This has been most studied in colorectal surgery, although the literature relating to pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) patients is growing. The aim of this paper was to generate a comprehensive review of the available evidence for restrictive perioperative fluid management strategies and outcomes in PD. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to April 2017...
February 20, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Masoud Rezaei-Nodehi, Seyed Afshin Shorofi, Masoumeh Bagheri-Nesami, Rahman Ghafari, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati, Manizheh Darbeheshti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atelectasis is the most common pulmonary complication after open heart surgery. This study was intended to examine the effects of pleasant olfactory mental imagery on postoperative atelectasis in patients undergoing open heart surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial. The sample consisted of 80 patients who were randomly assigned to either practice olfactory mental imagery (test group) or receive routine care (control group)...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Idris Yazgan, Jing Zhang, Victor Murithi Kariuki, Ayfer Akgul, Lauren Cronmiller, Ali Akgul, Francis Osonga, Abbey McMahon, Yang Gao, Gaddi Eshun, Seokheun Choi, Omowunmi A Sadik
The blue-green mold Penicillium italicum is among the most problematic post-harvest plant infections limiting the integrity of citrus and many other crops during storage and transportation, but there is no sensor for its on-site or field detection. We hereby, for the first time, report the development of novel biomolecular sensor for assessing the presence of Penicillium italicum spores and hyphae using carbohydrate-lectin recognitions. Two approaches were developed: (i) lateral tests using stand-alone poly (amic) acid (PAA) membranes and glass surfaces and (ii) quantitative tests on 96-well polystyrene plates and paper electrodes...
February 20, 2018: ACS Sensors
B Lemons, H Khaing, A Ward, P Thakur
A new sequential separation method for the determination of polonium and actinides (Pu, Am and U) in drinking water samples has been developed that can be used for emergency response or routine water analyses. For the first time, the application of TEVA chromatography column in the sequential separation of polonium and plutonium has been studied. This method utilizes a rapid Fe +3 co-precipitation step to remove matrix interferences, followed by plutonium oxidation state adjustment to Pu 4+ and an incubation period of ~ 1 h at 50-60 °C to allow Po 2+ to oxidize to Po 4+ ...
February 6, 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Rania K Eid, Ebtessam A Essa, Gamal M El Maghraby
The fluidity of vesicular membrane affects vesicular transdermal drug delivery. Essential oils can be located in vesicular membrane imparting flexibility and influencing transdermal delivery. Accordingly, the objective was to investigate the effect of incorporation of essential oils in niosomes on felodipine transdermal delivery. Rigid niosomes comprising Span 60 with cholesterol (2:1, w/w) were used with clove, eucalyptus or lemon oils being incorporated in the vesicles at increasing concentrations. The vesicle size and shape was monitored using scanning electron microscopy...
February 14, 2018: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Shabnam Sepahpour, Jinap Selamat, Mohd Yazid Abdul Manap, Alfi Khatib, Ahmad Faizal Abdull Razis
This study evaluated the efficacy of various organic solvents (80% acetone, 80% ethanol, 80% methanol) and distilled water for extracting antioxidant phenolic compounds from turmeric, curry leaf, torch ginger and lemon grass extracts. They were analyzed regarding the total phenol and flavonoid contents, antioxidant activity and concentration of some phenolic compounds. Antioxidant activity was determined by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay and the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay...
February 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jason J Luke, Jeffrey M Lemons, Theodore G Karrison, Sean P Pitroda, James M Melotek, Yuanyuan Zha, Hania A Al-Hallaq, Ainhoa Arina, Nikolai N Khodarev, Linda Janisch, Paul Chang, Jyoti D Patel, Gini F Fleming, John Moroney, Manish R Sharma, Julia R White, Mark J Ratain, Thomas F Gajewski, Ralph R Weichselbaum, Steven J Chmura
Purpose Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) may stimulate innate and adaptive immunity to augment immunotherapy response. Multisite SBRT is an emerging paradigm for treating metastatic disease. Anti-PD-1-treatment outcomes may be improved with lower disease burden. In this context, we conducted a phase I study to evaluate the safety of pembrolizumab with multisite SBRT in patients with metastatic solid tumors. Patients and Methods Patients progressing on standard treatment received SBRT to two to four metastases...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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