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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102264/virology-ins-and-outs-of-picornaviruses
#1
Kevin L McKnight, Stanley M Lemon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101369/a-single-gene-controls-leaf-background-color-in-caladium-araceae-and-is-tightly-linked-to-genes-for-leaf-main-vein-color-spotting-and-rugosity
#2
Zhe Cao, Shunzhao Sui, Qian Yang, Zhanao Deng
Modern cultivated caladiums (Caladium×hortulanum) are grown for their long-lasting and colorful leaves. Understanding the mode of inheritance for caladium leaf characteristics is critical for plant breeders to select appropriate parents, predict progeny performance, estimate breeding population sizes needed, and increase breeding efficiencies. This study was conducted to determine the mode of inheritance of two leaf background colors (lemon and green) in caladium and to understand their relationships with four other important leaf characteristics including leaf shape, main vein color, spotting, and rugosity...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091681/microbial-rrna-sequencing-analysis-of-evaporative-cooler-indoor-environments-located-in-the-great-basin-desert-region-of-the-united-states
#3
Angela R Lemons, Mary Beth Hogan, Ruth A Gault, Kathleen Holland, Edward Sobek, Kimberly A Olsen-Wilson, Yeonmi Park, Ju-Hyeong Park, Ja Kook Gu, Michael L Kashon, Brett J Green
Recent studies conducted in the Great Basin Desert region of the United States have shown that skin test reactivity to fungal and dust mite allergens are increased in children with asthma or allergy living in homes with evaporative coolers (EC). The objective of this study was to determine if the increased humidity previously reported in EC homes leads to varying microbial populations compared to homes with air conditioners (AC). Children with physician-diagnosed allergic rhinitis living in EC or AC environments were recruited into the study...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088731/biological-properties-of-citral-and-its-potential-protective-effects-against-cytotoxicity-caused-by-aspirin-in-the-iec-6-cells
#4
Hafsia Bouzenna, Najla Hfaiedh, Marie-Agnès Giroux-Metges, Abdelfattah Elfeki, Hélène Talarmin
Citral, 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal, is a key component of several essential oils extracted from lemon-scented herbal plants. The present study was designed to investigate the antioxidant activities of citral and assess its possible protective effects against aspirin-induced toxicity in vitro. We used IEC-6 cells (rat small intestine epithelial cells). The antioxidant activities were determined by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), β-carotene/linoleic acid and Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Cytotoxicity was evaluated by cell viability, anti-oxidant enzyme activities, malondialdehyde (MDA) production and by the expression of MAPKs (Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases) pathways...
January 12, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081213/transcriptome-profiling-to-understand-the-effect-of-citrus-rootstocks-on-the-growth-of-shatangju-mandarin
#5
Xiang-Yu Liu, Juan Li, Meng-Meng Liu, Qing Yao, Jie-Zhong Chen
To obtain insight into potential mechanisms underlying the influence of rootstock on scion growth, we performed a comparative analysis of 'Shatangju' mandarin grafted onto 5 rootstocks: Fragrant orange (Citrus junons Sieb. ex. Tanaka), Red tangerine (Citrus reticulata Blanco), 'Shatangju' mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco), Rough lemon (Citrus jambhiri Lush) and Canton lemon (Citrus limonia Osbeck). The tree size of 'Shatangju' mandarin grafted onto Canton lemon and Rough lemon were the largest, followed by self-rooted rootstock trees, and the lowest tree sizes correspond to ones grafted on Red tangerine and Fragrant orange rootstocks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063510/converting-citrus-wastes-into-value-added-products-economic-and-environmently-friendly-approaches
#6
REVIEW
Kavita Sharma, Neelima Mahato, Moo Hwan Cho, Yong Rok Lee
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruits, lemons, limes, tangerines, and mandarins, are among the most widely cultivated fruits around the globe. Its production is increasing every year due to rising consumer demand. Citrus-processing industries generate huge amounts of wastes every year, and citrus peel waste alone accounts for almost 50% of the wet fruit mass. Citrus waste is of immense economic value as it contains an abundance of various flavonoids, carotenoids, dietary fiber, sugars, polyphenols, essential oils, and ascorbic acid, as well as considerable amounts of some trace elements...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063268/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-herbal-teas-by-dart-tof-ms
#7
Jana Prchalová, František Kovařík, Aleš Rajchl
The paper focuses on the optimization, settings and validation of direct analysis in real time (DART) coupled with time of flight detector (TOF) when used for the evaluation of the quality of selected herbal teas (fennel, chamomile, nettle, linden, peppermint, thyme, lemon balm, marigold, sage, rose hip, St. John's Wort). The ionization mode, the optimal ionization temperature and the type of solvent for sample extraction were optimized. The characteristic compounds of the analysed herbal teas (glycosides, flavonoids, phenolic and terpenic substances, such as chamazulene, anethole, menthol, thymol, salviol, hypericin etc...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040570/characterisation-of-the-rare-cadmium-chromate-pigment-in-a-19th-century-tube-colour-by-raman-ftir-x-ray-and-epr
#8
Marie Bitsch Christiansen, Mikkel Agerbæk Sørensen, Jana Sanyova, Jesper Bendix, Kim Pilkjær Simonsen
In an investigation of the artists' materials used by P. S. Krøyer the contents of the tube colours found in Krøyer's painting cabinet were examined. In most cases, the results of the pigment analyses were as expected based on our knowledge of artists' colours used in the late 1800s and early 1900s. However, in one of the tube colours labelled "Jaune de Cadmium Citron" (cadmium lemon yellow) an extremely rare cadmium chromate pigment was found. The pigment was analysed and characterised by Raman microscopy (MRS), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), single-crystal X-ray crystallography, and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy...
December 23, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030637/quality-matters-influences-of-citrus-flush-physicochemical-characteristics-on-population-dynamics-of-the-asian-citrus-psyllid-hemiptera-liviidae
#9
Mamoudou Sétamou, Catherine R Simpson, Olufemi J Alabi, Shad D Nelson, Srilakshmi Telagamsetty, John L Jifon
Studies were conducted to relate the influence of the physical characteristics, leaf nutrient content and phloem sap amino acid concentration of citrus flush shoots on the densities of various Diaphorina citri life stages. Adult D. citri preferentially selected young shoots for feeding and numbers of D. citri immatures were positively correlated with flush shoot softness. Young flush shoots had higher concentrations of macro and micro nutrients relative to mature ones and this was associated with higher densities of all D...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024988/delayed-villous-maturation-in-term-placentas-exposed-to-opioid-maintenance-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Allison E Serra, Lara S Lemon, Neggin B Mokhtari, W Tony Parks, Janet M Catov, Raman Venkataramanan, Steve N Caritis
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorder among pregnant women is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes and is increasing in the U.S. The standard of care for pregnant women with OUD is opioid maintenance therapy (OMT) including either methadone or buprenorphine, which can be initiated at any time during pregnancy. These medications are known to cross the placenta but their placental and fetal effects have not been well characterized. Delayed villous maturation, a placental finding associated with stillbirth, was observed in placentas exposed to opioid maintenance therapy...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024975/trump-obamacare-and-the-market-for-lemons-paradigm-current-perspectives-on-the-future-of-u-s-health-care
#11
Tobias A Mattei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005446/the-effect-of-agave-tequilana-weber-inulin-on-postprandial-ghrelin-concentration-in-obese-patients
#12
Betsabe Contreras-Haro, Jose A Robles-Cervantes, Manuel Gonzalez-Ortiz, Esperanza Martinez-Abundis, Claudia Espinel-Bermudez, Martha P Gallegos-Arreola, Karina C Morgado-Castillo
This study was performed to investigate the effect of Agave tequilana Weber inulin on postprandial ghrelin levels in obese patients. A randomized, double-blind, cross-over design was performed. A total of 14 patients were allocated into two groups: one group received a drink that contained 500 mL lemon water, 24 g of A. tequilana Weber inulin, and 75 g glucose and the other group received a placebo drink with 500 mL lemon drink and 75 g of glucose. After a 7-day washout period, the groups were crossed...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000758/chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-induced-liver-fibrogenesis-is-associated-with-m2-macrophage-activation
#13
Moses T Bility, Kouki Nio, Feng Li, David R McGivern, Stanley M Lemon, Eoin R Feeney, Raymond T Chung, Lishan Su
The immuno-pathogenic mechanisms of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remain to be elucidated and pose a major hurdle in treating or preventing chronic HCV-induced advanced liver diseases such as cirrhosis. Macrophages are a major component of the inflammatory milieu in chronic HCV-induced liver disease, and are generally derived from circulating inflammatory monocytes; however very little is known about their role in liver diseases. To investigate the activation and role of macrophages in chronic HCV-induced liver fibrosis, we utilized a recently developed humanized mouse model with autologous human immune and liver cells, human liver and blood samples and cell culture models of monocyte/macrophage and/or hepatic stellate cell activation...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989005/lyme-disease-or-a-lemon
#14
EDITORIAL
David Isaacs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988465/occurrence-and-ecological-distribution-of-heat-resistant-moulds-spores-hrms-in-raw-materials-used-by-food-industry-and-thermal-characterization-of-two-talaromyces-isolates
#15
Roberta Tranquillini, Nicoletta Scaramuzza, Elettra Berni
In this study, screening of some raw materials used to produce pasteurized products was carried out to determine the occurrence and ecological distribution of heat-resistant fungi. The search for Heat Resistant Mould Spores (HRMS) resulted in the isolation of a limited number of fungal genera: Arthrinium, Aspergillus with either Eurotium-type or Neosartorya-type ascoma, Byssochlamys, Hyphodermella, Monascus, Penicillium, Rasamsonia, Talaromyces and Thermoascus. Sexual aspergilli constituted an overwhelming percentage of the mycobiota, totaling 93...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982639/polarization-shaping-for-control-of-nonlinear-propagation
#16
Frédéric Bouchard, Hugo Larocque, Alison M Yao, Christopher Travis, Israel De Leon, Andrea Rubano, Ebrahim Karimi, Gian-Luca Oppo, Robert W Boyd
We study the nonlinear optical propagation of two different classes of light beams with space-varying polarization-radially symmetric vector beams and Poincaré beams with lemon and star topologies-in a rubidium vapor cell. Unlike Laguerre-Gauss and other types of beams that quickly experience instabilities, we observe that their propagation is not marked by beam breakup while still exhibiting traits such as nonlinear confinement and self-focusing. Our results suggest that, by tailoring the spatial structure of the polarization, the effects of nonlinear propagation can be effectively controlled...
December 2, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979081/determination-of-antioxidant-capacity-of-diverse-fruits-by-electron-spin-resonance-esr-and-uv-vis-spectrometries
#17
Shuang Zang, Sizhu Tian, Jia Jiang, Dandan Han, Xinyu Yu, Kun Wang, Dan Li, Dayong Lu, Aimin Yu, Ziwei Zhang
Twenty-one kinds of fruits including strawberry, mulberry, lemon, banana, etc. were measured for antioxidant capacity based on their ability to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical. Vitamin C equivalent antioxidant capacity (VCEAC) was used to quantify antioxidant capacity of the studied fruits. The results were expressed as mg of ascorbic acid equivalent per 100g fruit. Each fruit was divided into two parts: harvest part (fresh fruit analyzed immediately), and liquid nitrogen frozen part (fruit frozen and pulverized in liquid nitrogen)...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923925/biliary-secretion-of-quasi-enveloped-human-hepatitis-a-virus
#18
Asuka Hirai-Yuki, Lucinda Hensley, Jason K Whitmire, Stanley M Lemon
: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is an unusual picornavirus that is released from cells cloaked in host-derived membranes. These quasi-enveloped virions (eHAV) are the only particle type circulating in blood during infection, whereas only nonenveloped virions are shed in feces. The reason for this is uncertain. Hepatocytes, the only cell type known to support HAV replication in vivo, are highly polarized epithelial cells with basolateral membranes facing onto hepatic (blood) sinusoids and apical membranes abutting biliary canaliculi from which bile is secreted to the gut...
December 6, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922218/improving-professional-development-to-enhance-reading-outcomes-for-students-in-special-education
#19
Christopher J Lemons, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Sheila J Conway, Veronica Mellado De La Cruz
The purpose of this article is to focus specifically on professional development that is needed to ensure that preservice and in-service teachers are prepared to deliver intensive intervention to enhance reading outcomes of students in special education. Our aim is to provide recommendations to ensure that special educators are prepared to design and implement data-based individualization in the area of reading. We highlight what special educators need to know to implement data-based individualization and provide recommendations for improving professional development using findings from federally funded projects...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921358/low-methoxyl-lemon-pectin-attenuates-inflammatory-responses-and-improves-intestinal-barrier-integrity-in-caerulein-induced-experimental-acute-pancreatitis
#20
Yajun Sun, Yue He, Fei Wang, Hao Zhang, Paul de Vos, Jia Sun
SCOPE: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common clinical acute abdominal disease. The intestinal injury associated with AP will aggravate the condition retroactively. This study investigates whether the low-methoxyl pectin (LMP) isolated from lemon could attenuate AP and associated intestinal injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experimental AP was induced in BALB/c mice by caerulien (CAE) hyperstimulation. Nutritional prophylactic group was pre-fed with 5% LMP supplemented forage three days before AP induction...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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