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"actor-network theory" or "actor network theory"

Catherine Heeney
This study draws on interviews with forty-nine members of a biomedical research community in the UK that is involved in negotiating data sharing and access. During an interview, an interviewee used the words "ethical moment" to describe a confrontation between collaborators in relation to data sharing. In this article, I use this as a lens for thinking about relations between "the conceptual and the empirical" in a way that allows both analyst and actor to challenge the status quo and consider other ethical possibilities...
January 2017: Science, Technology & Human Values
Liviu Alexandrescu
BACKGROUND: Between 2008 and 2013, powder-stimulants sold by 'head shops' as novel psychoactive substances (NPS) or 'legal highs' have displaced heroin among groups of injecting substance users in Bucharest, Romania. Rising HIV-infection rates and other medical or social harms have been reported to follow this trend. METHODS: The study builds on two sets of original (N=30) and existing (N=20) interview data and on observations collected mainly at the site of a methadone substitution treatment facility...
October 24, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Sanna Rönkä, Anu Katainen
BACKGROUND: The non-medical use of prescription drugs is a growing phenomenon associated with increasing health-related harms. However, little is known about the drivers of this process among illicit drug users. Our aim is to show how the qualities of pharmaceutical drugs, pharmaceutical related knowledge, online communities sharing this knowledge and medical professionals mediate and transform the consumption behaviour related to pharmaceutical drugs. METHODS: The data consist of discussion threads from an online drug use forum...
January 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
Dara Ivanova, Iris Wallenburg, Roland Bal
In this article we analyse the process of the multiple ways place and care shape each other and are co-produced and co-functioning. The resulting emerging assemblage of this co-constituent process we call a carescape. Focusing on a case study of a nursing home on a Dutch island, we use place as a theoretical construct for analysing how current changes in healthcare governance interact with mundane practices of care. In order to make the patterns of care in our case explicit, we use actor-network theory (ANT) sensibilities and especially the concept of assemblage...
August 31, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
Ana Claudia Figueiro, Sydia Rosana de Araújo Oliveira, Zulmira Hartz, Yves Couturier, Jocelyne Bernier, Maria do Socorro Machado Freire, Isabella Samico, Maria Guadalupe Medina, Ronice Franco de Sa, Louise Potvin
OBJECTIVES: Public health interventions are increasingly represented as complex systems. Research tools for capturing the dynamic of interventions processes, however, are practically non-existent. This paper describes the development and proof of concept process of an analytical tool, the critical event card (CEC), which supports the representation and analysis of complex interventions' evolution, based on critical events. METHODS: Drawing on the actor-network theory (ANT), we developed and field-tested the tool using three innovative health interventions in northeastern Brazil...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Angèle Bilodeau, Louise Potvin
This article proposes a sociologically informed theoretical and methodological framework to address the complexity of public health interventions (PHI). It first proposes three arguments in favour of using the Actor-Network Theory (ANT) for the framework. ANT: (1) deals with systems made of human and non-human entities and proposes a relational view of action; (2) provides an understanding of the intervention-context interactions and (3) is a tool for opening the intervention's black box. Three principles derived from ANT addressing theoretical problems with conceptualisation of PHI as complex systems are proposed: (1) to focus on the process of connecting the network entities instead of their stabilised form; (2) both human and non-human entities composing networks have performative capacities and (3) network and intervention shape one another...
August 4, 2016: Health Promotion International
A McDougall, M Goldszmidt, E A Kinsella, S Smith, L Lingard
Despite calls for more interprofessional and intraprofessional team-based approaches in healthcare, we lack sufficient understanding of how this happens in the context of patient care teams. This multi-perspective, team-based interview study examined how medical teams negotiated collaborative tensions. From 2011 to 2013, 50 patients across five sites in three Canadian provinces were interviewed about their care experiences and were asked to identify members of their health care teams. Patient-identified team members were subsequently interviewed to form 50 "Team Sampling Units" (TSUs), consisting of 209 interviews with patients, caregivers and healthcare providers...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
John Gardner, Alan Cribb
This article explores power relations between clinicians, patients and families as clinicians engage in patient-centred ethical work. Specifically, we draw on actor-network theory to interrogate the role of non-human elements in distributing power relations in clinical settings, as clinicians attempt to manage the expectations of patients and families. Using the activities of a multidisciplinary team providing deep brain stimulation to children with severe movement disorders as an example, we illustrate how a patient-centred tool is implicated in establishing relations that constitute four modes of power: 'power over', 'power to', "power storage" and "power/discretion"...
September 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
Debra Nestel, Jennifer Harlim, Melanie Bryant, Rajay Rampersad, David Hunter-Smith, Bob Spychal
The landscape of surgical training is changing. The anticipated increase in the numbers of surgical trainees and the shift to competency-based surgical training places pressures on an already stretched health service. With these pressures in mind, we explored trainers' and trainees' experiences of surgical training in a less traditional rotation, an outer metropolitan hospital. We considered practice-based learning theories to make meaning of surgical training in this setting, in particular Actor-network theory...
July 14, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Peter Skagius, Ann-Charlotte Münger
Since the early 20th century, the Swedish psychology profession has undergone several changes in its essential tasks, epistemological foundations, and social roles. These changes occurred through an ongoing "tuning" with Swedish society, in which the profession strove to appear relevant to society's concerns and problems as well as enroll others to share the profession's goals and aims. Studying the history of the profession can thus shed light on the changing definitions and contours of the psychology profession itself as well as on the organization of the society in which it acts...
June 23, 2016: History of Psychology
Davina Allen
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to underline the importance of taking work practices into account for quality improvement (QI) purposes, highlight some of the challenges of doing so, and suggest strategies for future research and practice. Patient status at a glance, a Lean-inspired QI intervention designed to alleviate nurses of their knowledge mobilisation function, is deployed as an illustrative case. Design/methodology/approach - Ethnographic data and practice-based theories are utilised to describe nurses' knowledge mobilisation work...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Michael Halpin
How mental illnesses are defined has significant ramifications, given the substantial social and individual repercussions of these conditions. Using actor-network theory, I analyze how mental health professionals use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in their work. Drawing on observations of a neuropsychological laboratory and interviews with 27 professionals (i.e., psychiatrists, psychologists), I investigate how the DSM is used in research, clinical, and institutional work. In research, the DSM influences study design and exclusion/inclusion criteria...
June 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Bjørn Schiermer
This paper defends the concept of 'fetishism' as an explanatory parameter in sociological theorizing on Durkheimian grounds, while at the same time paying due attention to important insights regarding the role of objects in social life, originating from Actor-Network Theory (ANT). It critically assesses the current critique of the concept of fetishism propagated by ANT protagonist Bruno Latour. Latour and suggests a compromise between these two 'schools'. First, to place the paper firmly in context, I analyse some examples of modern fetishism and outline the themes of the ensuing discussion...
September 2016: British Journal of Sociology
Pierre Pariseau-Legault, Frédéric Doutrelepont
During the last decades, medical paternalism was rejected in favour of the patient's right to self-determination and, by extension, to its right to consent or refuse care offered to him. In the clinical setting, the obligation to inform user and to obtain its free and informed consent about such care is widely recognized, but rarely problematized. The aim of this paper is to analyze the construct of a consent to care and the different conceptualizations of autonomy that are part of this juridical vehicle. A socio-legal analysis was conducted through a narrative review of literature relative to nursing sciences, humanities, philosophy and bioethics, and legal sciences...
December 2015: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
Caroline Robitaille, Johanne Collin
BACKGROUND: Within the last decade, the nonmedical use of prescription drugs has raised concern, particularly among young adults. Psychostimulants, that is to say amphetamine and its derivatives, are pharmaceuticals, which contribute to what has come to be known in Canada and the United States as the "prescription drug crisis." Research in the fields of public health, addiction studies, and neuroethics has attempted to further understand this mounting issue; however, there is a paucity of data concerning the underlying social logics related to the use of these substances...
2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Thomas Abrams, Barbara E Gibson
This article argues that rehabilitation enacts a particular understanding of "the human" throughout therapeutic assessment and treatment. Following Michel Callon and Vololona Rabeharisoa's "Gino's Lesson on Humanity," we suggest that this is not simply a top-down process, but is cultivated in the application and response to biomedical frameworks of human ability, competence, and responsibility. The emergence of the human is at once a materially contingent, moral, and interpersonal process. We begin the article by outlining the basics of the actor-network theory that underpins "Gino's Lesson on Humanity...
February 1, 2016: Health (London)
Angus McMurtry, Shanta Rohse, Kelly N Kilgour
CONTEXT: Interprofessional teamwork and collaboration have become important parts of health care practice and education. Most of the literature on interprofessional learning, however, assumes that learning is something acquired by individuals and readily transferred to other contexts. This assumption severely limits the ways in which interprofessional educators and researchers can conceptualise and support learning related to collaborative interprofessional health care. Socio-material theories provide an alternative to individualistic, acquisition-oriented notions by reconceiving learning in terms of collective dynamics, participation in social communities and active engagement with material contexts...
February 2016: Medical Education
Young Sam Oh, SungHee Nam, Yuna Kim
This research explores how expert knowledge is created in the process of women-friendly policy making, based on actor network theory (ANT). To address this purpose, this study uses the "Women's Happiness in the City of Seoul" policy initiated by the local government of Seoul as one example of policy development. Research findings demonstrate that knowledge creation in expert groups followed the four stages suggested by ANT. In addition, this study found that various types of knowledge emerged from individual experts...
May 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Joseph B Fanning, Cristina M Farkas, Paula M DeWitt, Tinsley H G Webster, John Burnam, Susan E Piras, David Schenck, Anne Miller
Critical care patients are dependent on the health care team and their family members to effect care goals that are consistent with their core values and wishes. This study aimed to identify and understand how obstacles to communication affect these two disparate groups. Ten burn intensive care unit (BICU) care team and 20 family members participated in in-depth semistructured interviews. A two-cycle coding, inductive analytical approach was used to derive three obstacle metathemes: family engagement, information exchange, and process transparency and standardization...
December 1, 2015: Qualitative Health Research
Ella Dilkes-Frayne
BACKGROUND: Music festivals have received relatively little research attention despite being key sites for alcohol and drug use among young people internationally. Research into music festivals and the social contexts of drug use more generally, has tended to focus on social and cultural processes without sufficient regard for the mediating role of space and spatial processes. METHODS: Adopting a relational approach to space and the social, from Actor-Network Theory and human geography, I examine how socio-spatial relations are generated in campsites at multiple-day music festivals...
July 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
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