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War wound surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570213/the-university-of-toronto-s-lasting-contribution-to-war-surgery-how-maj-l-bruce-robertson-fundamentally-transformed-thinking-toward-blood-transfusion-during-the-first-world-war
#1
Abigail Tien, Andrew Beckett, Dylan Pannell
During the Great War, Canadian military surgeons produced some of the greatest innovations to improve survival on the battlefield. Arguably, the most important was bringing blood transfusion practice close to the edge of the battlefield to resuscitate the many casualties dying of hemorrhagic shock. Dr. L. Bruce Robertson of the Canadian Army Medical Corps was the pioneering surgeon from the University of Toronto who was able to demonstrate the benefit of blood transfusions near the front line and counter the belief that saline was the resuscitation fluid of choice in military medicine...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551916/-high-velocity-penetrating-head-and-neck-injuries-of-syrian-civil-war-casualties-treated-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#2
Ohad Ronen, Nidal Assadi, Eyal Sela
INTRODUCTION: For two years the State of Israel has been treating casualties from the Syrian civil war. The Galilee Medical Center in Nahariya is the main hospital for this humanitarian mission. Objectives: To evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of the casualties that were treated in our department. METHODS: Information from medical records of all Syrian casualties evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center were evaluated. RESULTS: Between March 2013 and December 2014, 450 casualties were evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328683/surgical-support-during-the-terrorist-attacks-in-paris-november-13-2015-experience-at-b%C3%A3-gin-military-teaching-hospital
#3
Olivier Barbier, Brice Malgras, Camille Choufani, Antoine Bouchard, Didier Ollat, Gilbert Versier
BACKGROUND: Recent conflicts have allowed the French Army Health Service to improve management quality for wartime-injured people during military operations. On November 13, 2015, it was in Paris that France was directly attacked and Bégin Military Teaching Hospital, like several hospitals in Paris, had to face a large number of gunshot victims. Thanks to our operational experience, injured people hospitalized in military hospitals benefited from a management based on triage and damage control (DC) principles...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299274/bullet-removal-from-the-infratemporal-fossa
#4
Ahmed Maki Merza
War injuries are the cornerstone of maxillofacial surgery, and it led to the initiation and development of this specialty, and each case represents a challenge to the surgeon who deals with it. In this article, we present a 30-year-old male patient who was referred to our emergency department complaining of gunshot wound, severe pain, and limitation in mouth opening. Preoperative imaging showed a bullet with a very long path lodged in the infratemporal fossa. Three different approaches with the aid of C-arm imaging system were used for the removal of this bullet; the last approach was the successful one...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282377/before-the-bombing-high-burden-of-traumatic-injuries-in-kunduz-trauma-center-kunduz-afghanistan
#5
Hamayoun Hemat, Safieh Shah, Petros Isaakidis, Mrinalini Das, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Sattar Zaheer, Abdul Qayeum Qasemy, Mutallib Zakir, Gbane Mahama, Catherine Van Overloop, Lynette Dominguez
BACKGROUND: Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has been providing healthcare in Afghanistan since 1981 including specialized health services for trauma patients in Kunduz Trauma Center (KTC) from 2011. On October 3rd, 2015, a US airstrike hit the KTC, killing 42 people including 14 MSF staff. This study aims to demonstrate the impact on healthcare provision, after hospital destruction, by assessing the extent of care provided for trauma and injuries by the MSF KTC and to report on treatment outcomes from January 2014 to June 2015, three months prior to the bombing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254598/management-of-war-related-ballistic-craniocerebral-injuries-in-a-french-role-3-hospital-during-the-afghan-campaign
#6
Arnaud Dagain, Olivier Aoun, Julien Bordes, Cédric Roqueplo, Christophe Joubert, Pierre Esnault, Aurore Sellier, Jean-Marc Delmas, Nicolas Desse, Mathilde Fouet, Philippe Pernot, Renaud Dulou
INTRODUCTION: France deployed to Afghanistan from 2001 to 2014 within the International Security and Assistance Force. A French role 3 hospital was built in 2009 in the vicinity of Kabul International Airport (KaIA). The objectives of this study were to describe the epidemiology, management, and outcome of war-related craniocerebral injuries during the Afghan campaign in a French role 3 hospital. METHODS: From March 1, 2010 to September 30, 2012, we conducted a retrospective descriptive study in Kabul, Afghanistan...
June 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101586/bone-cultures-from-war-wounded-civilians-in-the-middle-east-a-surgical-prospective
#7
Patrick Hérard, François Boillot, Rasheed M Fakhri
PURPOSE: Hidden infections in a reconstructive surgery program are frequently underestimated. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of 1,891 civilian war-wounded patients from Iraq, Syria, Yemen and Gaza treated in Amman from August 2006 to January 2016. One thousand three hundred and fifty-three underwent surgical interventions for previous bone injury and had systematic bone cultures. RESULTS: Among patients (167) without any clinical, biological or radiological signs of infection, 46% demonstrated infection based on bone cultures...
January 18, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064351/orthopedic-trauma-surgery-and-hospital-cost-analysis-in-refugees-the-effect-of-the-syrian-civil-war
#8
Altuğ Duramaz, Mustafa Gökhan Bilgili, Berhan Bayram, Nezih Ziroğlu, Alkan Bayrak, Mustafa Cevdet Avkan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the musculoskeletal injury types, injury mechanisms, surgical techniques and treatment costs of Syrian refugees. METHODS: Totally 158 patients (67 female, 91 male) treated in our clinic in 34 months period between January 2012 and October 2014 were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 39.3 years (range: 18-82 years). The patients were evaluated for age, gender, mechanism of injury, location and type of fracture, presence of accompanying injuries, injury severity score, surgical technique, complications, mortality/morbidity and treatment cost...
May 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842634/a-review-of-the-peri-operative-management-of-paediatric-burns-identifying-adverse-events
#9
H Rode, C Brink, K Bester, M P Coleman, T Baisey, R Martinez
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are common in poverty-stricken countries. The majority of patients with large and complex burns are referred to burn centres. Of the children who qualify for admission, according to burn admission criteria, about half require some kind of surgical procedure to obtain skin cover. These range from massive full-thickness fire burns to skin grafts for small, residual unhealed wounds. Burn anaesthetic procedures are of the most difficult to perform and are known for high complication rates...
November 2, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827564/endovascular-treatment-of-brachiocephalic-artery-war-related-injury
#10
Camille Choufani, Olivier Aoun, Amélie Mlynski, Guillaume Boddaert, Xavier de Kerangal, Charles Pierret
INTRODUCTION: Injuries to the innominate artery are rare, but potentially fatal. Early diagnosis and treatment may avoid life-threatening complications. Endovascular surgery often has lower morbidity and mortality rates than conventional surgery. CLINICAL CASE: We reported the case of a 28-year-old Yemenite soldier who presented with a shrapnel-related chest puncture wound following a shell explosion in Djibouti causing a 5 mm pseudoaneurysm of the innominate artery without associated complications...
November 9, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679752/plastic-surgery-challenges-in-war-wounded-ii-regenerative-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Ian L Valerio, Jennifer M Sabino, Christopher L Dearth
Background: A large volume of service members have sustained complex injuries during Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Enduring Freedom (OEF). These injuries are complicated by contamination with particulate and foreign materials, have high rates of bacterial and/or fungal infections, are often composite-type defects with massive soft tissue wounds, and usually have multisystem involvement. While traditional treatment modalities remain a mainstay for optimal wound care, traditional reconstruction approaches alone may be inadequate to fully address the scope and magnitude of such massive complex wounds...
September 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679751/plastic-surgery-challenges-in-war-wounded-i-flap-based-extremity-reconstruction
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer M Sabino, Julia Slater, Ian L Valerio
Scope and Significance: Reconstruction of traumatic injuries requiring tissue transfer begins with aggressive resuscitation and stabilization. Systematic advances in acute casualty care at the point of injury have improved survival and allowed for increasingly complex treatment before definitive reconstruction at tertiary medical facilities outside the combat zone. As a result, the complexity of the limb salvage algorithm has increased over 14 years of combat activities in Iraq and Afghanistan. Problem: Severe poly-extremity trauma in combat casualties has led to a large number of extremity salvage cases...
September 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563609/warfare-related-secondary-anterior-cranioplasty
#13
Ali Ebrahimi, Nasrin Nejadsarvari, Hamid Reza Rasouli, Azin Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Anterior cranial bone defects secondary to global war cranial defects pose a unique reconstructive challenge. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of alloplastic reconstructions of cranial bone with titanium mesh and fat graft after warfare-related cranial trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients at the plastic and reconstructive surgery ward of our hospital underwent anterior cranioplasty with titanium mesh with or without fat grafts from lower abdominal wall...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426063/-inherit-enterprising-spirit-of-burn-discipline-and-meet-the-new-challenge
#14
Y H Sun
Burn is a common trauma in peace time and war. Burn care was not designated as a specific discipline but a subspecialty of general surgery in China until the 1950s. In 1958, along with the development of metallurgical industry in China, the number of burn patients was increased remarkably, followed by establishment of modern burn departments. A steel worker sustaining a burn injury with size of 89% total burn surface area (TBSA) and full-thickness wound size of 23% TBSA was successfully cured by burn experts of Shanghai Guangci Hospital (renamed Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to the School of Medicine of Shanghai Jiao Tong University)...
January 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27407383/regional-block-anaesthesia-how-effective-is-it-for-extremity-trauma
#15
Sandeep Mehrotra, Manish Mehrotra
Regional block anaesthesia (RBA) techniques are eclipsed by the widespread use of general anaesthesia (GA), especially in trauma surgery. This is despite the numerous advantages that regional blocks have to offer. We conducted a study to evaluate efficacy, safety and feasibility of RBA in isolated extremity trauma in war scenario. A prospective study was carried out over a period of eight months. There were a total of 96 patients with splinter, mine blast and gun shot wounds. Supraclavicular or axillary brachial block was employed for upper extremity surgery...
July 2002: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375683/the-syrian-civil-war-the-experience-of-the-surgical-intensive-care-units
#16
Hatice Kaya Ozdogan, Faruk Karateke, Mehmet Ozdogan, Sibel Cetinalp, Sefa Ozyazici, Yurdal Gezercan, Ali Ihsan Okten, Muge Celik, Salim Satar
OBJECTIVE: Since the civilian war in Syria began, thousands of seriously injured trauma patients from Syria were brought to Turkey for emergency operations and/or postoperative intensive care. The aim of this study was to present the demographics and clinical features of the wounded patients in Syrian civil war admitted to the surgical intensive care units in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: The records of 80 trauma patients admitted to the Anaesthesia, General Surgery and Neurosurgery ICUs between June 1, 2012 and July 15, 2014 were included in the study...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225146/distal-based-sural-fascio-cutaneous-flap-a-practical-limb-saviour-for-wounds-of-war-and-peace
#17
M Uzair Ilyas Tahirkheli, Irfan Ellahi, Muhammad Farooq Dar, Arslan Sharif
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mechanism of injury on wound healing, and on the viability and success of distally based sural flap when used for the coverage of defects of lower leg, ankle and foot. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Surgery, Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar and Khariyan, from January 2012 to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Patients with soft tissue defects over the distal leg, ankle and foot were selected by purposive sampling technique and divided into 2 groups of 19 patients each...
May 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018700/the-role-of-military-plastic-surgeons-in-the-management-of-modern-combat-trauma-an-analysis-of-645-cases
#18
Laura Maitland, Graham Lawton, James Baden, Tania Cubison, Rory Rickard, Alan Kay, Shehan Hettiaratchy
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery has historically been linked to war. Between 2008 and the end of combat operations in Afghanistan in 2014, British military plastic surgeons formed part of the multinational military surgical team at the Role 3 Medical Treatment Facility, Camp Bastion, Helmand Province. The present study aimed to analyze the activity of these surgeons objectively and to determine the utility of their deployment. METHODS: Data were gathered prospectively from four periods (2009 to 2012)...
April 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965807/lead-follow-or-get-out-of-the-way-how-bold-young-surgeons-brought-vascular-surgery-into-clinical-practice-from-the-korean-war-battlefield
#19
REVIEW
Michael S Baker
The maturation of vascular surgery into widespread clinical practice was accelerated by events that took place in Korea during the conflict of 1950-1953. Early research and anecdotal clinical trials were just then resulting in publication of cases of the successful vascular repairs and replacements. Noncrushing vascular clamps were being developed and limited manufacture begun. The stage was set for a major advance in the treatment of arterial injury, just as war commenced in Korea, which provided a clinical laboratory...
May 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26816241/wounds-of-war-in-the-civilian-sector-principles-of-treatment-and-pitfalls-to-avoid
#20
L Riddez
INTRODUCTION: Terror attacks with explosive devices or mass shootings have introduced a new pattern of injuries into the civilian sector. The aim of this short review on the treatment principles for so-called penetrating war wounds is to remind surgeons who are not normally confronted with them of some basic rules to follow and pitfalls to avoid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review article is based on literature research of the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health MEDLINE database using PubMed, as well as updated books on war surgery and the author's own experience of war zones...
August 2014: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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