keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mental anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643802/the-beneficial-effects-of-cognitive-training-with-simple-calculation-and-reading-aloud-scra-in-the-elderly-postoperative-population-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Kay Kulason, Rui Nouchi, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Masafumi Noda, Yoshinori Okada, Ryuta Kawashima
Background: There has been little research conducted regarding cognitive treatments for the elderly postsurgical population. Patients aged ≥60 years have an increased risk of postoperative cognitive decline, a condition in which cognitive functions are negatively affected. This cognitive decline can lead to a decline in quality of life. In order to maintain a high quality of life, the elderly postsurgical population may benefit from treatment to maintain and/or improve their cognitive functions. This pilot study investigates the effect of simple calculation and reading aloud (SCRA) cognitive training in elderly Japanese postsurgical patients...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628597/anesthetic-management-in-pediatric-patient-for-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-with-mitochondrial-myopathy-leigh-syndrome
#2
Ebru Tarikçi Kiliç, Nelgin Gerenli, Mehmet Salim Akdemir, Necmi Onur Tastan, Egemen Atag
Leigh syndrome (LS) is a rare disease mainly affecting the central nervous system due to the abnormalities of mitochondrial energy generation and seen in early childhood with progressive loss of movement, mental abilities, seizures, nystagmus, ophthalmoparesis, optic atrophy, ataxia, dystonia, or respiratory failure. Anesthesia and surgery exacerbate the risks of aspiration, wheezing, and breathing difficulties. Tracheal irritability can be stimulated with the efforts of intubation. We report the anesthetic management of a rare case of an 11-year-old boy with a severe form of LS for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy insertion...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628565/postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-in-indian-patients-undergoing-total-knee-replacement-under-spinal-anesthesia
#3
Praful Kilaru, A Ramachandra Reddy, Maryada Venketeshwar Reddy, Brijesh Kidiyoor, Vinay Mathew Joseph, Annapareddy Venkata Gurava Reddy
Introduction: Total knee replacement is a common surgical procedure in the elderly. The number of surgeries has increased owing to the increasing life expectancy of the population and better functional outcomes postsurgery. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is an identified entity postsurgery in elderly but most of the studies have been on patients undergoing cardiac and other nonorthopaedic surgeries. The studies have shown variable incidence due to selection bias. We studied the incidence and probable predictive factors of POCD in elderly Indian population undergoing total knee replacement under spinal anesthesia...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571759/a-rare-case-of-posterior-circulation-stroke-caused-by-bronchial-artery-embolization
#4
Taha Nisar
Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) is an effective treatment for massive hemoptysis. Stroke is a rare complication of BAE, with only a few cases reported in the literature. We report one such case. Posterior circulation strokes after BAE can be caused by connections between the vertebral arteries and the bronchial arteries (shunting between pulmonary and systemic circulations), backflow of embolization material from the bronchial or intercostal arteries to the subclavian artery or through backflow of emblospheres into the aortic lumen leading to subsequent embolization of the cerebral circulation...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563982/propofol-and-sevoflurane-combined-with-remifentanil-on-the-pain-index-inflammatory-factors-and-postoperative-cognitive-function-of-spine-fracture-patients
#5
Yu Zhao, Hongqi Zhang
The effects of propofol vs. sevoflurane combined with remifentanil on the pain index, inflammatory factors and postoperative cognitive function in spine fracture patients were studied and analyzed. A total of 62 patients with vertebral fracture were randomly divided into the propofol group (P group, n=41) and the sevoflurane group (S group, n=41). P group used induction anesthesia with propofol, and maintained anesthesia via intravenous injection of remifentanil. While patients in S group received induction anesthesia with sevoflurane, and also remifentanil as the maintained anesthesia...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546602/the-many-faces-of-apomorphine-lessons-from-the-past-and-challenges-for-the-future
#6
REVIEW
Manon Auffret, Sophie Drapier, Marc Vérin
Apomorphine is now recognized as the oldest antiparkinsonian drug on the market. Though still underused, it is increasingly prescribed in Europe for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) with motor fluctuations. However, its history is far from being limited to movement disorders. This paper traces the history of apomorphine, from its earliest empirical use, to its synthesis, pharmacological development, and numerous indications in human and veterinary medicine, in light of its most recent uses and newest challenges...
March 15, 2018: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527552/perioperative-airway-management-for-aortic-valve-replacement-in-an-adult-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii-hunter-syndrome
#7
Kazuchika Suzuki, Hiroaki Sakai, Kenji Takahashi
We herein report anesthetic management during aortic valve replacement for aortic valve regurgitation in a patient with adult mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS type 2) (Hunter syndrome). This disorder is rare and related to the accumulation of a mucopolysaccharide in lysosomes. It affects various organs, including the airways, heart, and central nerves. In children with MPS type 2, the risk of airway obstruction during anesthesia/sedation is high, and the degree of difficulty increases with aging. The patient described herein was a 33-year-old male without mental retardation...
2018: JA Clinical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442088/morphological-and-morphometric-analysis-of-accessory-mental-foramen-in-dry-human-mandibles-of-south-indian-population
#8
J Rajkohila, Priyanka Daniel, Sakunthala Ambikaipakan, Suganthy Rabi
Background: Mental foramen (MF) is an important landmark for administration of local anesthesia in surgical procedures involving the mandible. Additional mental foramina, called accessory mental foramina (AMF) transmitting branches of mental nerve, have been reported. Detection of AMFs in presurgical imaging may reduce postoperative pain in dental surgical procedures. Aim: The aim of the study was to study the incidence and morphometric analysis of accessory MF in the dry human mandibles of South Indian population...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431909/dermatologic-surgery-in-children-an-update-on-indication-anesthesia-analgesia-and-potential-perioperative-complications
#9
REVIEW
Diana Crisan, Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek, Sabine Kastler, Maria Crisan, Avram Manea, Katja Wagner, Lars Alexander Schneider
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing dermatosurgical procedures require, unlike adults, particular attention; the administration of various analgesics, anesthetics or sedatives requires a thorough knowledge of drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Furthermore, there are concerns that drugs used for sedation/general anesthesia may result in anesthetic/analgesic complications in children undergoing surgery, with a risk of impaired mental development. OBJECTIVES: Based on our clinical experience and a literature review, we illustrate the most commonly used analgesic, anesthetic and sedative drugs in pediatric dermatosurgery, and identify risk factors and complications following dermatosurgical procedures...
February 12, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416231/anesthesia-for-intellectually-disabled
#10
REVIEW
Kapil Chaudhary, Preranna Bagharwal, Sonia Wadhawan
Anesthetizing an intellectually disabled patient is a challenge due to lack of cognition and communication which makes perioperative evaluation difficult. The presence of associated medical problems and lack of cooperation further complicates the anesthetic technique. An online literature search was performed using keywords anesthesia, intellectually disabled, and mentally retarded and relevant articles were included for review. There is scarcity of literature dealing with intellectually disabled patients. The present review highlights the anesthetic challenges, their relevant evidence-based management, and the role of caretakers in the perioperative period...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395694/a-rare-airway-obstruction-caused-by-dissection-of-a-reinforced-endotracheal-tube
#11
Yoon Hee Choi, Dong Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal tube (ETT) obstruction or narrowing in patients undergoing general anesthesia due to dissection of reinforced ETT is unusual. CASE REPORT: A 26-year-old woman was transferred to the emergency department due to drowsy mental status after surgery. She was intubated by reinforced ETT with grossly normal external appearance, but the inner layer of ETT was dissected, the inner diameter was narrowed, and the extent of protrusion of inner layer of ETT was more severe at the distal end...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375905/double-chambered-right-ventricle-in-a-16-year-old-patient-with-williams-syndrome
#12
Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A Karolczak, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot
We present a case of double-chambered right ventricle diagnosed during preparation for colonoscopy due to gastrointestinal bleeding in a 16-year-old, mentally disabled boy with Williams syndrome. The patient was previously diagnosed with ventricular septal defect and mild pulmonary stenosis. Echocardiography performed under general anesthesia revealed hypertrophied muscular bundles in the right ventricle with the maximum gradient of 100 mmHg, causing severe outflow obstruction. This type of defect is extremely rare in patients with Williams syndrome, with only one case, which was diagnosed during invasive angiocardiography, described in world literature...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332302/preoperative-cognitive-impairment-as-a-predictor-of-postoperative-outcomes-in-a-collaborative-care-model
#13
Kahli Zietlow, Shelley R McDonald, Richard Sloane, Jeffrey Browndyke, Sandhya Lagoo-Deenadayalan, Mitchell T Heflin
OBJECTIVES: To compare postoperative outcomes of individuals with and without cognitive impairment enrolled in the Perioperative Optimization of Senior Health (POSH) program at Duke University, a comanagement model involving surgery, anesthesia, and geriatrics. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of individuals enrolled in a quality improvement program. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults undergoing surgery and referred to POSH (N = 157)...
March 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306241/the-relationship-between-the-trendelenburg-position-and-cerebral-hypoxia-inpatients-who-have-undergone-robot-assisted-hysterectomy-and-prostatectomy
#14
Ali Özgün, Asuman Sargın, Semra Karaman, İlkben Günüşen, Işık Alper, Fatma Zekiye Aşkar
Background/aim: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the Trendelenburg position and cerebral hypoxia in robot-assisted hysterectomy and prostatectomy.Materials and methods: A standardized mini-mental state examination was administered to 50 patients enrolled in the study 1 h before and after surgery. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) values and hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were recorded after induction of anesthesia (baseline) and once every 20 min in the Trendelenburg position and supine positions...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303138/is-age-a-determinant-for-nausea-and-vomiting-in-disabled-patients-after-dental-treatment-under-sedation
#15
Hüseyin Cihad Turgut, Metin Alkan, Gülay Kip, Mustafa Sancar Ataç, Sevil Kahraman Altundağ, Süleyman Bozkaya, Berrin Işik, Mustafa Arslan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of most frequently encountered problems after dental treatment of mentally and/or motor disabled patients under sedation or general anesthesia. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether PONV incidence in disabled patients differs between adults (≥18 years) and children/teenage (<18 years). Also investigating complication rates related with anesthesia protocols were additional objectives of the study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated anesthesia reports of 664 cases undergone different dental treatment procedures under deep sedation with various anesthetic agents...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302292/dental-implants-placement-in-paranoid-squizofrenic-patient-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-case-report
#16
Lizett Castellanos-Cosano, José-Ramón Corcuera-Flores, María Mesa-Cabrera, José Cabrera-Domínguez, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Guillermo Machuca-Portillo
Background: Paranoid schizophrenia is a mental illness that involves no observable anatomical alteration. Main characteristic affects the personality of the individual, as well as areas of his own psychology. Case Report: A 33-year-old man with paranoid schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder in treatment with Haloperidol, Oxcarbazepine, Olanzapine and Seroquel is presented. Dental exploration showed widespread decay mostly cervical with numerous root fragments, agenesis of lateral incisors, impacted wisdom teeth, missing teeth and malocclusion...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275808/from-dental-to-mental-institutions-asylum-bound-dentist-zacheus-rogers-oxygenates-nitrous-oxide
#17
Matthew L Edwards, George S Bause
American dentist Zacheus Rogers taught surgeon Edmund Andrews-and indirectly anesthesia pioneers SJ Hayes and FW Hewitt-to oxygenate anesthetics. Ironically, Rogers may have himself suffered neurologic damage by failing to oxygenate the nitrous oxide that he is speculated to have abused personally.
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259553/indication-of-cognitive-change-and-associated-risk-factor-after-thoracic-surgery-in-the-elderly-a-pilot-study
#18
Kay Kulason, Rui Nouchi, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Masafumi Noda, Yoshinori Okada, Ryuta Kawashima
Background: This pilot study investigated the effects of partial pulmonary lobectomy lung surgery on cognitive functions of elderly Japanese patients. It is recognized that elderly patients undergoing surgery have increased risk of Postoperative Cognitive Decline (POCD), a condition in which learning, memory, and processing speed is greatly reduced after surgery. Since elderly patients are more likely to exhibit symptoms of POCD, the incidence is increasing as the population receiving surgery is aging. Methods: Cognitive function was measured for all subjects ( n = 12) before and after surgery using three different cognitive tests: Mini-Mental Status Exam-Japanese (MMSE-J), Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), and a computerized Cogstate Brief Battery (CBB)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245289/perioperative-management-of-a-patient-with-coffin-lowry-syndrome-complicated-by-severe-obesity-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Mikako Hirakawa, Tasuku Nishihara, Kazuo Nakanishi, Sakiko Kitamura, Sonoko Fujii, Keizo Ikemune, Kentaro Dote, Yasushi Takasaki, Toshihiro Yorozuya
RATIONALE: Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS) is a rare inherited disease with specific clinical features, such as mental retardation, facial dysmorphism, and cardiac abnormality. In particular, the characteristic facial features of CLS, including retrognathia and large tongue, are associated with difficult ventilation and/or intubation, which is a serious problem of anesthesia management. However, case reports on anesthesia management of CLS are very limited as there are only two published English reports till date...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243798/effects-of-propofol-or-sevoflurane-anesthesia-on-the-perioperative-inflammatory-response-pulmonary-function-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-receiving-lung-cancer-resection
#20
H-T Tian, X-H Duan, Y-F Yang, Y Wang, Q-L Bai, X Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of propofol and sevoflurane anesthesia on the inflammatory response, pulmonary function and cognitive function of patients undergoing lung cancer resection and their differences. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 62 patients with lung cancer who underwent pulmonary lobectomy from January 2014 to January 2016 in Jining First People's Hospital were selected and randomly divided into two groups: the propofol group (n=31) and the sevoflurane group (n=31)...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
keyword
keyword
113341
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"