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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710953/partially-distinct-combinations-of-psychological-metabolic-and-inflammatory-risk-factors-are-prospectively-associated-with-the-onset-of-the-subtypes-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-midlife
#1
Dominique A Rudaz, Caroline L Vandeleur, Sirak Z Gebreab, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Aurélie M Lasserre, Jennifer Glaus, Enrique Castelao, Giorgio Pistis, Roland von Känel, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig
BACKGROUND: Given the well known heterogeneity of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), dividing this complex disorder into subtypes is likely to be a more promising approach to identify its determinants than to study it as a whole. METHODS: In a prospective population-based cohort study (CoLaus|PsyCoLaus) with 5.5 years of follow-up, 1524 participants without MDD at baseline, aged 35-66 years (mean age 51.4 years, 43.4% females), participated in the physical and psychiatric baseline and the psychiatric follow-up evaluations...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691306/to-define-melancholia-follow-the-path-of-catatonia-commentary-by-invitation-on-parker-bassett-outhred-et%C3%A2-al-2017-defining-melancholia-a-core-mood-disorder
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671276/love-and-melancholia-in-the-analysis-of-women-by-women
#3
Rosine Jozef Perelberg
This paper suggests that in the analysis of women by women a melancholic core may be encountered at the centre of the transference/countertransference situation that is an expression of the loss of the primary maternal object that has never been mourned. The attachment to the primary, lost object may be preserved in a melancholic, invisible way, and the longing that it is connected to might only reach representation in the après coup of the analytic process. The links between this primary love, melancholia and the unrepresentable in the analysis of women will be explored...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658011/the-clinical-alliance-and-research-in-electroconvulsive-therapy-network-an-australian-initiative-for-improving-service-delivery-of-electroconvulsive-therapy
#4
Donel M Martin, Verònica Gálvez, Shani Lauf, Vanessa Dong, Stephen A Baily, Narcís Cardoner, Herng N Chan, Don Davidson, Johnson Fam, Nick De Felice, Erika Martinez-Amoros, Titus Mohan, Jothi Ramalingam, Shanthi I Sarma, Phern C Tor, Susan Waite, Colleen K Loo
OBJECTIVE: There is currently substantial heterogeneity in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) treatment methods between clinical settings. Understanding how this variation in clinical practice is related to treatment outcomes is essential for optimizing service delivery. The Clinical Alliance and Research in ECT Network is a clinical and research framework with the aims of improving clinical practice, enabling auditing and benchmarking, and facilitating the collection of naturalistic clinical data...
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647668/a-combined-marker-of-early-non-improvement-and-the-occurrence-of-melancholic-features-improve-the-treatment-prediction-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorders
#5
Stefanie Wagner, André Tadić, Sibylle C Roll, Alice Engel, Nadine Dreimüller, Jan Engelmann, Klaus Lieb
BACKGROUND: Early Improvement of depressive symptoms within two weeks of antidepressant treatment is a highly sensitive but less specific predictor of later treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to identify clinical features at treatment initiation which are associated with early improvement and non-improvement as well as to identify variables predicting non-remission in patients showing an early improvement. METHODS: 889 patients with a major depressive episode according to DSM-IV who had participated in an antidepressant treatment trial served as study sample...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638134/melancholia-narcissism-and-depression
#6
Teresa Pinheiro, Julio Verztman, Diane Viana
This paper discusses ideas about depression as a paradigmatic symptom of contemporaneous psychological suffering and makes a comparison between depression and melancholia. The ideas we describe were stimulated by two comparative studies that were conducted based on an analysis of how depressed subjects relate to the concept of desire, their feelings of shame and their self-image in today's age.
September 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622810/exploratory-examination-of-the-utility-of-demoralization-as-a-diagnostic-specifier-for-adjustment-disorder-and-major-depression
#7
D W Kissane, I Bobevski, P Gaitanis, J Brooker, N Michael, C Lethborg, G Richardson, P Webster, C Hempton
OBJECTIVE: Demoralization, a state of lowered morale and poor coping, has a prevalence of 13-18% among patients with advanced cancer. We surveyed clinicians' perspectives of the utility of "with demoralization" as a diagnostic specifier for adjustment and depressive disorders. METHOD: Using comparative clinical vignettes in a field survey, clinicians from a range of disciplines were asked their perception of the utility of diagnosis and treatment options. Response frequencies were compared using Cochran's Q and McNemar's tests, with sensitivity and specificity rated against expert rankings of diagnosis...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599349/defining-melancholia-a-core-mood-disorder
#8
Gordon Parker, Darryl Bassett, Tim Outhred, Grace Morris, Amber Hamilton, Pritha Das, Bernhard T Baune, Michael Berk, Philip Boyce, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Ajeet B Singh, Gin S Malhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585368/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-6-item-chinese-version-of-the-hamilton-depression-rating-scale-mokken-scaling-and-item-analysis
#9
Chin-Pang Lee, Chia-Yih Liu, Ching-I Hung
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the 6-item Melancholia subscale of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D6 ) has better psychometric properties than the parental 17-item version (HAM-D17 ) in the Chinese populations. METHODS: The study was to check the Chinese HAM-D17 and HAM-D6 for reliability and validity with Mokken scale analysis and item analysis. We reanalyzed a clinical sample of adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 214; age, mean (SD) = 38.3 (10...
June 6, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548190/-clinical-features-of-major-depressive-disorders-treated-in-secondary-health-care-facilities-in-chile
#10
Lilian Salvo, Sandra Saldivia, Carlos Parra, Román Rodríguez, Manuel Cifuentes, Paola Acevedo, Marcela Díaz, Mitza Ormazabal, Ivonne Guerra, Nicol Navarrete, Verónica Bravo, Andrea Castro
BACKGROUND: Depression is considered the second leading cause of disability worldwide. AIM: To describe the clinical characteristics and the evolution of major depressive disorder (MDD) in secondary care. To evaluate the association between socio-demographic and clinic variables with the first or recurrent major depressive events (MDE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical features, treatment, remission and duration of MDE were evaluated during a follow up lasting 12 months in 112 participants aged 44 ± 15 years (79% women)...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489625/the-disease-of-the-italian-poet-giacomo-leopardi-1798-1837-a-case-of-juvenile-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-the-19th-century
#11
Erik Pietro Sganzerla, Michele Augusto Riva
Some authors sustained that the pessimistic thought of the Italian writer and philosopher Giacomo Leopardi (1798-1837) may be attributed to his unhappy life, characterized by several health problems. His philosophical theories appear as the result of depressive and melancholic state, related to his precarious health conditions, so limiting their intrinsic values. Several authors formulated various hypotheses on the diseases that Leopardi suffered from and postulated different theories on the cause of his early death...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483076/the-multiple-diagnoses-of-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-and-higher-interpersonal-sensitivity-predict-treatment-resistant-depression
#12
Taichi Mogi, Aihide Yoshino
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to examine the hypothesis based on our previous studies, that the multiple diagnoses of comorbid anxiety disorders (ADs) and higher interpersonal sensitivity predict treatment-resistant depression (TRD). METHODS: The participants were 199 consecutive outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD), who were comprehensively diagnosed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). TRD was defined as the failure to achieve remission with two or more adequate antidepressant trials...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472702/depressive-subtypes-in-an-elderly-cohort-identified-using-latent-class-analysis
#13
E M Veltman, F Lamers, H C Comijs, M W M de Waal, M L Stek, R C van der Mast, D Rhebergen
BACKGROUND: Clinical findings indicate heterogeneity of depressive disorders, stressing the importance of subtyping depression for research and clinical care. Subtypes of the common late life depression are however seldom studied. Data-driven methods may help provide a more empirically-based classification of late-life depression. METHODS: Data were used from the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older People (NESDO) derived from 359 persons, aged 60 years or older, with a current diagnosis of major depressive disorder...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466472/blind-cave-of-eternal-night-the-work-of-mourning-in-tagore-s-play-of-four
#14
Kamalika Mitra
This paper correlates Sigmund Freud and Rabindranath Tagore's writings on mourning through two specific texts. Despite being contemporaries and profoundly influential, Tagore and Freud's spheres of influence have tended to be separate, so that there have been but few attempts at connecting their philosophies. This essay examines the second chapter of Tagore's novella Play of Four (Chaturanga, 1916) in the light of Freud's essay 'Mourning and melancholia' (1917). It explores how mourning may at once demand confirmation and denial; how it affects love and desire...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451473/blunted-reward-processing-in-remitted-melancholic-depression
#15
Anna Weinberg, Stewart A Shankman
Blunted reward response appears to be a trait-like marker of vulnerability for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). As such, it should be present in remitted individuals; however, depression is a heterogeneous syndrome. Reward-related impairments may be more pronounced in individuals with melancholic depression. The present study examined neural responses to rewards in remitted melancholic depression (rMD; N = 29), remitted non-melancholic depression (rNMD; N = 56), and healthy controls (HC; N = 81). Event-related potentials to monetary gain and loss were recorded during a simple gambling paradigm...
January 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399091/-clinical-characteristics-of-depression-in-patients-with-episodic-consumption-of-and-dependence-on-alcohol
#16
N N Ivanets, O V Lavrinenko, T N Maximova
AIM: To study clinical and psychopathological features of depression in patients with consumption of and dependence on alcohol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-nine depressed patients were examined. The first group included patients with depressive disorders complicated by alcoholism. The second group included patients, which used alcohol in depressive phase. Control group included patients with endogenous depression without drinking alcohol. Examinations of patients were carried out using clinical-psychopathological method, MADRS and statistical analysis of the data...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385173/novel-augmentation-strategies-in-major-depression
#17
REVIEW
Klaus Martiny
Hypothesis The hypotheses of all the four included studies share the common idea that it is possible to augment the effect of antidepressant drug treatment by applying different interventions and with each intervention attain a clinically meaningful better effect compared to a control condition, and with minor side effects, thus improving the short- and medium-term outcome in major depression. Procedures Study design The basic study design has been the double blind randomised controlled trial (RCT). In the light therapy study, all patients were treated with sertraline for the whole of the study duration...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327446/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-is-not-associated-with-depression-in-two-swiss-population-based-samples
#18
Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Caroline L Vandeleur, Aurélie M Lasserre, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Monika Eichholzer, Jennifer Glaus, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig
Little is known about adherence to dietary recommendations and depression. Furthermore, dietary habits may differ among depression subtypes, which has not been evaluated previously. Two population-based Swiss studies, including 3620 individuals from PsyCoLaus and 11,032 individuals from the Swiss Health Survey 2012 (SHS), were used to examine the associations between adherence to common dietary guidelines and odds of depressive disorders. In both studies, depression was assessed by validated instruments. Adherence to dietary recommendations were assessed by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (PsyCoLaus) and by single item questions (SHS)...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315937/gender-differences-in-subtypes-of-depression-by-first-incidence-and-age-of-onset-a-follow-up-of-the-lundby-population
#19
Mats Bogren, L Brådvik, C Holmstrand, L Nöbbelin, C Mattisson
The Lundby Study is a prospective mental health survey in a community population (N = 3563), in which data were collected in 4 waves of field-work between 1947 and 1997. We investigated gender differences during the follow-up in overall first incidence rates, ages of onset, and incidence by age of onset patterns, in different subtypes of depression. The overall incidence rate in females was higher than males for most subtypes of depression. However, for depression with melancholic and/or psychotic features, the overall first incidence rate did not differ significantly between the genders...
March 18, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247268/lithium-in-the-episode-and-suicide-prophylaxis-and-in-augmenting-strategies-in-patients-with-unipolar-depression
#20
REVIEW
Mohammed T Abou-Saleh, Bruno Müller-Oerlinghausen, Alec J Coppen
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are a leading cause of the global burden of disease and are associated with high recurrent often continuing morbidity and high excess mortality by suicide and cardiovascular disease. Whilst there are established, effective and cost-effective treatments for depression, their long-term management is often neglected: there is continuing controversy over the case of need for long-term treatment including lifelong treatment and safety issues. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In this narrative review, we critically examine the evidence for the effectiveness and safety of lithium salts in the long-term management of unipolar depression...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
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