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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457965/probing-in-plane-anisotropy-in-few-layer-res-2-using-low-frequency-noise-measurement
#1
Richa Mitra, Bhakti Jariwala, Arnab Bhattacharya, Anindya Das
ReS2 , a layered two-dimensional material popular for its in-plane anisotropic properties, is emerging as one of the potential candidates for flexible electronics and ultrafast optical applications. It is an n-type semiconducting material having a layer independent bandgap of 1.55 eV. In this paper we have characterized the intrinsic electronic noise level of few-layer ReS2 for the first time. Few-layer ReS2 field effect transistor devices show a 1/f nature of noise for frequency ranging over three orders of magnitude...
February 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457715/embedding-a-diketopyrrolopyrrole-based-crosslinking-interfacial-layer-enhances-the-performance-of-organic-photovoltaics
#2
Hsiang-Lin Hsu, Ying-Chieh Chao, Yu-Hua Liao, Chung-Lin Chung, Ya-Juan Peng, ChihPing Chen, Ru-Jong Jeng
In this study, we prepared DPPBTDA, a diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP)-based small molecule presenting a terminal crosslinkable azido group, as a cathode modified layer for organic photovoltaics (OPVs) having the inverted device structure glass/indium tin oxide (ITO)/zinc oxide (ZnO) with or without interfacial layer (IFL)/active layer/MoO3/Ag. The active layer comprised a blend of poly[4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thien-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b;4,5-b´]dithiophene-2,6-diyl-alt-(4-(2-ethylhexyl)-3-fluorothieno[3,4-b]thiophene)-2-carboxylate-2,6-diyl] (PTB7-Th) as the electron donating moiety and [6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) as the electron acceptor...
February 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457442/-development-and-application-of-artificial-vertebral-body
#3
REVIEW
Jian-Tao Liu, Feng Zhang, Zheng-Chao Gao, Bin-Bin Niu, Yu-Huan Li, Xi-Jing He
Artificial vertebral body has achieved good results in treating spinal tumors, tuberculosis, fracture and other diseases. Currently, artificial vertebral body with variety of kinds and pros and cons, is generally divided into two types: fusion type and movable type. The former according to whether the height could be adjusted and strength of self-stability is divided into three types: support-fixed type, adjust-fixed type and self-fixed type. Whether the height of self-fixed type could be adjusted is dependent on structure of collar thread rotation...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457351/24-hour-aortic-blood-pressure-variability-showed-a-stronger-association-with-carotid-damage-than-24-hour-brachial-blood-pressure-variability-the-safar-study
#4
Shikai Yu, Chen Chi, Athanase D Protogerou, Michel E Safar, Jacques Blacher, Antonis A Argyris, Efthimia G Nasothimiou, Petros P Sfikakis, Theodore G Papaioannou, Henry Xu, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
We aim to compare 24-hour aortic blood pressure variability (BPV) with brachial BPV in relation to carotid damage as estimated by carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and cross-sectional area (CCSA). Four hundred and forty five individuals received brachial and aortic 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring with a validated device (Mobil-O-Graph). Systolic BPV was estimated by average real variability (ARV) and time-weighted standard deviation (wSD). In multiple logistic regression analysis, CIMT > 900 μm was significantly and independently associated with aortic ARV (OR = 1...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456499/can-we-achieve-intuitive-prosthetic-elbow-control-based-on-healthy-upper-limb-motor-strategies
#5
Manelle Merad, Étienne de Montalivet, Amélie Touillet, Noël Martinet, Agnès Roby-Brami, Nathanaël Jarrassé
Most transhumeral amputees report that their prosthetic device lacks functionality, citing the control strategy as a major limitation. Indeed, they are required to control several degrees of freedom with muscle groups primarily used for elbow actuation. As a result, most of them choose to have a one-degree-of-freedom myoelectric hand for grasping objects, a myoelectric wrist for pronation/supination, and a body-powered elbow. Unlike healthy upper limb movements, the prosthetic elbow joint angle, adjusted prior to the motion, is not involved in the overall upper limb movements, causing the rest of the body to compensate for the lack of mobility of the prosthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456436/learning-activity-predictors-from-sensor-data-algorithms-evaluation-and-applications
#6
Bryan Minor, Janardhan Rao Doppa, Diane J Cook
Recent progress in Internet of Things (IoT) platforms has allowed us to collect large amounts of sensing data. However, there are significant challenges in converting this large-scale sensing data into decisions for real-world applications. Motivated by applications like health monitoring and intervention and home automation we consider a novel problem called Activity Prediction , where the goal is to predict future activity occurrence times from sensor data. In this paper, we make three main contributions...
December 1, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455904/hypoglossal-nerve-paralysis-in-a-child-after-a-dental-procedure
#7
Simona D Marino, Laura Schiavone, Flavia M C La Mendola, Tiziana Timpanaro, Maria Elena Cucuzza, Filippo Greco, Pierluigi Smilari, Agata Fiumara, Andrea Domenico Praticò
Unilateral palsy of the hypoglossal nerve is a rare complication of orthodontic procedures. The main reported causes of HNP are: orthopedic and otorhinolaryngology surgical interventions, and in particular maneuvers involving compression or overstretching of the hypoglossal nerve, dental procedures and traumas, and also infections, motoneuron disorders, tumors, vascular diseases. Diagnosis is usually performed by electrophysiology studies (EMG-VCN), and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful to exclude other causes...
February 6, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455722/computer-assisted-motivational-interviewing-intervention-to-facilitate-teen-pregnancy-prevention-and-fitness-behavior-changes-a-randomized-trial-for-young-men
#8
David L Bell, Samantha Garbers, Marina Catallozzi, R Stanley Hum, Meredith Nechitilo, Ian W McKeague, Emilia H Koumans, L Duane House, Susan L Rosenthal, Melanie A Gold
PURPOSE: Despite recent declines, teen unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections in the United States remain at levels higher than comparable nations. Initiatives to prevent teen pregnancy have focused primarily on female adolescents; how to effectively engage young men to reduce their risk of fathering a teen pregnancy has not been well studied. We proposed to adapt an innovative computer-assisted motivational interviewing (CAMI) intervention, originally designed and tested with young women, for use with young men, aged 15-24 years, to reduce their risk of fathering a teen pregnancy...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454304/first-and-second-eye-cataract-surgery-and-driver-self-regulation-among-older-drivers-with-bilateral-cataract-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Seraina Agramunt, Lynn B Meuleners, Michelle L Fraser, Kyle C Chow, Jonathon Q Ng, Vignesh Raja
BACKGROUND: Driving a car is the most common form of transport among the older population. Common medical conditions such as cataract, increase with age and impact on the ability to drive. To compensate for visual decline, some cataract patients may self-regulate their driving while waiting for cataract surgery. However, little is known about the self-regulation practices of older drivers throughout the cataract surgery process. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of first and second eye cataract surgery on driver self-regulation practices, and to determine which objective measures of vision are associated with driver self-regulation...
February 17, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453367/quantitative-analysis-of-charge-distribution-in-bi-emissive-layer-white-organic-light-emitting-diodes-with-two-fluorescent-dopants
#10
Ji Young Kim, Woo Young Kim, Kok Wai Cheah
This work seeks to establish a quantitative method which can estimate the holes and electrons ratio in the emission zones. We fabricated multilayered white organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) with the device structure of ITO/NPB(80 nm)/MADN:BUBD-1(7%)(20 nm)/MADN:DCJTB(0.3%)(20 nm)/TPBi(X nm)/LiF(2 nm)/Al as a case study on the charge recombination distribution in the emissive layer. The result shows a trend in the charge recombination ratio depending on the electron transport layer thickness. We obtained an empirical relationship between electron transport layer thicknesses and emission ratio in EML...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451866/high-mobility-in-0-75-ga-0-25-as-quantum-wells-in-an-inas-phonon-lattice
#11
C Chen, S N Holmes, I Farrer, H E Beere, D A Ritchie
InGaAs based devices are great complements to silicon for CMOS, as they provide an increased carrier saturation velocity, lower operating voltage and reduced power dissipation (International technology roadmap for semiconductors (www.itrs2.net)). In this work we show that In 0.75 Ga 0.25 As quantum wells with a high mobility, 15 000 to 20 000 cm 2 V -1 s -1 at ambient temperature, show an InAs-like phonon with an energy of 28.8 meV, frequency of 232 cm -1 that dominates the polar-optical mode scattering from ∼70 K to 300 K...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451580/covalent-organic-nanosheets-for-effective-charge-transport-layers-in-planar-type-perovskite-solar-cells
#12
Soyun Park, Min-Sung Kim, Woongsik Jang, Jin Kuen Park, Dong Hwan Wang
Herein, solvent-treated bandgap-tunable covalent organic nanosheets (CONs) were prepared via the Stille cross-coupling reaction. These materials are considered useful as interlayers in photovoltaic devices upon the alignment of energy levels between other components. Among various types of solar cells, according to the organic-interlayer study, inverted planar perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are mostly demanded to effectively transport and collect charge carriers due to their high performance. At first, the C-V analysis proved the energy levels of the frontier orbitals for CON-10 and CON-16 nanosheets; this verified the suitability of these nanosheets as hole transport layers (HTLs) with the PEDOT:PSS upon casting both films from DMSO...
February 16, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451495/perceptually-aware-image-retargeting-for-mobile-devices
#13
Yinzuo Zhou, Luming Zhang, Chao Zhang, Ping Li, Xuelong Li
Retargeting aims at adapting an original high-resolution photograph/video to a low-resolution screen with an arbitrary aspect ratio. Conventional approaches are generally based on desktop PCs, since the computation might be intolerable for mobile platforms (especially when retargeting videos). Typically, only low-level visual features are exploited, and human visual perception is not well encoded. In this paper, we propose a novel retargeting framework that rapidly shrinks a photograph/video by leveraging human gaze behavior...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451297/enhancement-of-the-conductivity-detection-signal-in-capillary-electrophoresis-systems-using-neutral-cyclodextrins-as-sweeping-agents
#14
Milan Boublík, Martina Riesová, Pavel Dubský, Bohuslav Gaš
Conductivity detection is a universal detection technique often encountered in electrophoretic separation systems, especially in modern chip-electrophoresis based devices. On the other hand, it is sparsely combined with another contemporary trend of enhancing limits of detection by means of various preconcentration strategies. This can be attributed to the fact that a preconcentration experimental setup usually brings about disturbances in a conductivity baseline. Sweeping with a neutral sweeping agent seems a good candidate for overcoming this problem...
February 16, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448711/investigation-of-gate-stacked-in-ga-zn-o-tfts-with-ga-zn-o-source-drain-electrodes-by-atmospheric-pressure-plasma-enhanced-chemical-vapor-deposition
#15
Chien-Hung Wu, Kow-Ming Chang, Yi-Ming Chen, Bo-Wen Huang, Yu-Xin Zhang, Shui-Jinn Wang, Jui-Mei Hsu
Atmospheric pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (AP-PECVD) was employed for the fabrication of indium gallium zinc oxide thin-film transistors (IGZO TFTs) with high transparent gallium zinc oxide (GZO) source/drain electrodes. The influence of post-deposition annealing (PDA) temperature on GZO source/drain and device performance was studied. Device with a 300 °C annealing demonstrated excellent electrical characteristics with on/off current ratio of 2.13 × 108, saturation mobility of 10 cm2/V-s, and low subthreshold swing of 0...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448683/using-krf-ela-to-improve-gate-stacked-laalo%C3%A2-zro%C3%A2-indium-gallium-zinc-oxide-thin-film-transistors-with-novel-atmospheric-pressure-plasma-enhanced-chemical-vapor-deposition-technique
#16
Chien-Hung Wu, Kow-Ming Chang, Yi-Ming Chen, Bo-Wen Huang, Yu-Xin Zhang, Shui-Jinn Wang
Atmospheric pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (AP-PECVD) technique and KrF excimer laser annealing (ELA) were employed for the fabrication of indium gallium zinc oxide thin-film transistors (IGZO-TFTs). Device with a 150 mJ/cm2 laser annealing densities demonstrated excellent electrical characteristics with improved on/off current ratio of 4.7×107, high channel mobility of 10 cm2/V-s, and low subthreshold swing of 0.15 V/dec. The improvements are attributed to the adjustment of oxygen vacancies in the IGZO channel to an appropriate range of around 28...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448668/effect-of-the-curved-fin-top-edge-on-the-electrical-characteristics-of-finfets
#17
Joonsung Ahn, Tae Whan Kim
The effect of the curved fin top edge on the electrical characteristics of FinFETs was investigated. The curvature radius of the fin top edge for the FinFETs was changed from 0 to 5 nm in order to determine the optimum condition of the electrical characteristics for the devices. The on-current level of the FinFETs with a curvature radius of 5 nm of fin top edge was 24.45% larger than that of the FinFETs with a cuboid fin. The electron current density and the electron mobility of the fin top edge for the FinFETs were larger than those for the FinFETs with a cuboid fin...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445152/fourier-transform-spectrometer-on-silicon-with-thermo-optic-non-linearity-and-dispersion-correction
#18
Mario C M M Souza, Andrew Grieco, Newton C Frateschi, Yeshaiahu Fainman
Miniaturized integrated spectrometers will have unprecedented impact on applications ranging from unmanned aerial vehicles to mobile phones, and silicon photonics promises to deliver compact, cost-effective devices. Mirroring its ubiquitous free-space counterpart, a silicon photonics-based Fourier transform spectrometer (Si-FTS) can bring broadband operation and fine resolution to the chip scale. Here we present the modeling and experimental demonstration of a thermally tuned Si-FTS accounting for dispersion, thermo-optic non-linearity, and thermal expansion...
February 14, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442860/fabrication-of-zinc-oxide-based-thin-film-transistors-by-radio-frequency-sputtering-for-ultraviolet-sensing-applications
#19
Ming-Hung Hsu, Sheng-Po Chang, Shoou-Jinn Chang, Chih-Wei Li, Jyun-Yi Li, Chih-Chien Lin
In this study, zinc indium tin oxide thin-film transistors (ZITO TFTs) were fabricated by the radio frequency (RF) sputtering deposition method. Adding indium cations to ZnO by co-sputtering allows the development of ZITO TFTs with improved performance. Material characterization revealed that ZITO TFTs have a threshold voltage of 0.9 V, a subthreshold swing of 0.294 V/decade, a field-effect mobility of 5.32 cm2/Vs, and an on-off ratio of 4.7 × 105. Furthermore, an investigation of the photosensitivity of the fabricated devices was conducted by an illumination test...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442634/performance-analysis-of-gan-capping-layer-thickness-on-gan-algan-gan-high-electron-mobility-transistors
#20
N Sharma, C Periasamy, N Chaturvedi
In this paper, we present an investigation of the impact of GaN capping layer and AlGaN layer thickness on the two-dimensional (2D)-electron mobility and the carrier concentration which was formed close to the AlGaN/GaN buffer layer for Al0.25Ga0.75N/GaN and GaN/Al0.25Ga0.75N/GaN heterostructures deposited on sapphire substrates. The results of our analysis clearly indicate that expanding the GaN capping layer thickness from 1 nm to 100 nm prompts an increment in the electron concentration at hetero interface...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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