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Milk formula malnutrition children

Taiba J Afaa, Adwoa Ka Afrane, Victor Etwire
Background: Food allergy is an adverse health effect arising from a specific immune response that occurs reproducibly on exposure to a given food. Food allergies are classified into three types: Ig(immunoglobulin)E mediated, mixed IgE and cell mediated and cell-mediated non IgE mediated. Gastrointestinal (GIT) food allergy has classically encompassed a number of different clinical entities: food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), food protein-induced proctocolitis (FPIP), food protein-induced enteropathy and eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGID)...
September 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
Kofi Akohene Mensah, Enoch Acheampong, Francis Owusu Anokye, Paul Okyere, Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Rose Odotei Adjei
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is one of the optimal infant and young child feeding practices. Globally, <40% of infants under 6 months of age are exclusively breastfed. In Ghana, 63% of children <6 months are exclusively breastfed which is far less than the 100% recommended by the United Nation Children Emergency Fund. This study was carried out to find out the factors that influence the practice of exclusive breastfeeding in the district. METHODS: A cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted using structured questionnaires...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Alicia Muñoz-Espinosa, Juan A Rivera, Dinorah González-Castell, Teresita González de Cosío
BACKGROUND: Mexico faces malnutrition problems in the child population. Analysis of food consumption in small children allows us to identify and propose strategies focused on feeding to improve their nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: We described the consumption of beverages and food groups in Mexican children <24 mo of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 926 children aged <24 mo participating in the 2012 ENSANUT (National Health and Nutrition Study)...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Muhammad Umer Nisar, Malik Muhammad Anwar Ul Haq, Saad Tariq, Madiha Anwar, Anam Khawar, Ahmed Waqas, Anam Nisar
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition, a state of under or over nutrition caused by improper food intake, causes significant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. It leads to a number of diseases which can be further divided into those caused by protein-caloric malnutrition and those caused by vitamin deficiencies, micronutrient, and mineral deficiencies. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors which contribute to malnutrition and to assess the dietary pattern in the pediatric population from birth up to five months belonging to poor socioeconomic areas...
2016: Curēus
Jacklyn M Weber, Kelsey N Ryan, Rajiv Tandon, Meeta Mathur, Tsinuel Girma, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu, Firibu Saalia, Shujaat Zaidi, Sajid Soofi, Martin Okos, Stephen A Vosti, Mark J Manary
Successful treatment of severe acute malnutrition has been achieved with ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF), but only 15% of children with severe acute malnutrition receive RUTF. The objective of this study was to determine whether new formulations of RUTF produced using locally available ingredients were acceptable to young children in Ethiopia, Ghana, Pakistan and India. The local RUTFs were formulated using a linear programming tool that allows for inclusion of only local ingredients and minimizes cost...
April 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Min Yang, Lanlan Geng, Zhaohui Xu, Peiyu Chen, Craig A Friesen, Sitang Gong, Ding-You Li
Cow's milk is the most common cause of food-protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES). The aim of this study was to examine the clinical features and treatment outcomes of infants with severe FPIES to cow's milk. We reviewed all infants ≤ 12 months of age who were hospitalized and diagnosed with severe FPIES to cow's milk between 1 January 2011 and 31 August 2014 in a tertiary Children's Medical Center in China. Patients' clinical features, feeding patterns, laboratory tests, and treatment outcomes were reviewed...
December 22, 2015: Nutrients
Grażyna Rowicka, Halina Weker
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of children with orofacial clefts is a multi-stage process, usually extending over many years and requiring intervention of numerous specialists. Most of the problems in such children before the tissue reconstruction surgery are related to feeding and airway protection during swallowing. Feeding of children with orofacial clefts is the more difficult the more severe the defect is. Such children are at an increased risk of body weight deficit and malnutrition. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study is to present the nutritional standard for children with orofacial clefts...
2014: Developmental Period Medicine
B Le Louer, J Lemale, K Garcette, C Orzechowski, A Chalvon, J-P Girardet, P Tounian
Over the past few years, we have observed increasing consumption of inappropriate plant milks as an alternative to infant milk formula. Some families believe that foods labeled as natural are the most healthy and an appropriate nutritional choice. However, their composition does not respect European recommendations. They are always hypocaloric and protein, vitamin, and mineral concentrations are inadequate. The aim of this study was to report severe nutritional complications after inappropriate plant milk consumption...
May 2014: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Sarah Bartz, Aaloke Mody, Christoph Hornik, James Bain, Michael Muehlbauer, Tonny Kiyimba, Elizabeth Kiboneka, Robert Stevens, John Bartlett, John V St Peter, Christopher B Newgard, Michael Freemark
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. To identify and target those at highest risk, there is a critical need to characterize biomarkers that predict complications prior to and during treatment. METHODS: We used targeted and nontargeted metabolomic analysis to characterize changes in a broad array of hormones, cytokines, growth factors, and metabolites during treatment of severe childhood malnutrition. Children aged 6 months to 5 years were studied at presentation to Mulago Hospital and during inpatient therapy with milk-based formulas and outpatient supplementation with ready-to-use food...
June 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Stephen MacGillivray, Tom Fahey, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Young children with acute diarrhoea, typically due to infectious gastroenteritis, may temporarily stop producing lactase, the intestinal enzyme that digests lactose. This means they may not digest lactose, the main sugar in milk, and this may worsen or prolong the diarrhoeal illness. However, there is uncertainty whether avoiding lactose-containing milk or milk products helps young children recover from acute diarrhoea more quickly. OBJECTIVES: To assess if avoiding or reducing intake of lactose-containing milk or milk products shortens the duration and severity of illness in young children with acute diarrhoea...
October 31, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mariana Martínez Quijada, María Luisa Alvarez Gutiérrez
Malnutrition is conditioned by a series of factors, among them the dietary factors, which include appetite, eating behaviors and habits. In order to assess these factors, the following objective was pursued: describe the dietary factors and their relation to appetite in children under two years of age with mild malnutrition. A correlational study was conducted. The sample consisted of all children under two years of age (n = 168) diagnosed with primary (mild) malnutrition, who attended consultation at the Centro de Atención Nutricional Infantil Antímano, CANIA, during the period 2000-2008...
June 2012: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
C Biggs
BACKGROUND: In Sub-Saharan Africa, children commonly present with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) complicated by HIV/AIDS. In 2005, the South African Department of Health implemented the World Health Organization (WHO) Ten Step programme for the inpatient treatment of SAM. Dietary management with F75 and F100 (where the terms F75 and F100 refer to a mixture of milk, sugar, oil and a vitamin and mineral mix) may not be appropriate for relatively well resourced settings such as South Africa...
April 2013: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Michael D Keller, Michele Shuker, Jennifer Heimall, Antonella Cianferoni
Alternatives to cow's milk and soy milk are often necessary for children with food allergies. Although hydrolyzed and elemental formulas are appropriate replacements, other milk products such as rice and almond milk are insufficient protein sources for children under 2 years of age. A chart review on three patients treated for protein malnutrition in association with multiple diagnosed food allergies that resulted in refractory eczema revealed adverse outcomes that resulted from elimination diets. The use of rice milk resulted in hypoalbuminemia and poor weight gain in all cases, and multiple secondary infections in one patient...
January 2012: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Rosan Meyer, Carina Venter, Adam T Fox, Neil Shah
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) affects between 1.9 and 4.9% of infants and young children. This food allergy requires the complete elimination of cow's milk and its derivatives, impacting on nutritional status. The risk of having protein energy malnutrition (PEM) in children with CMPA has been well documented. In 2007, the World Health Organisation published guidelines on the dietary management of PEM, which has impacted on the recommendations and composition on specialist feeds for many chronic diseases, but not on CMPA...
June 2012: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
June Pauline Brady
On 21 May 1981 the WHO International Code of Marketing Breast Milk Substitutes (hereafter referred to as the Code) was passed by 118 votes to 1, the US casting the sole negative vote. The Code arose out of concern that the dramatic increase in mortality, malnutrition and diarrhoea in very young infants in the developing world was associated with aggressive marketing of formula. The Code prohibited any advertising of baby formula, bottles or teats and gifts to mothers or 'bribery' of health workers. Despite successes, it has been weakened over the years by the seemingly inexhaustible resources of the global pharmaceutical industry...
June 2012: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Alexander K Baturin
OBJECTIVES OF THE SURVEY: To evaluate infant feeding and weaning practices and anthropometric characteristics of 2-to 24-month-old children in Russia. SURVEY METHOD: A comprehensive analysis of data collected from face-to-face interviews of a random Russia representative sample of 2,500 mothers of children. We used a specially designed questionnaire that includes sections on health, especially feeding practices, food intake from the previous day and the measurement of height and weight...
2011: Nestlé Nutrition Workshop Series. Paediatric Programme
Louise C Ivers, Sasha C Appleton, Bingxia Wang, J Gregory Jerome, Kimberly A Cullen, Mary C Smith Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Partners In Health (PIH) works with the Ministry of Health to provide comprehensive health services in Haiti. Between 1994 and 2009, PIH recommended exclusive formula feeding in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV program and provided support to implement this strategy. We conducted this study to assess HIV-free survival and prevalence of diarrhea and malnutrition among infants in our PMTCT program in rural Haiti where exclusive formula feeding was supported...
2011: AIDS Research and Therapy
Lisa Waddell
Food allergy is among the most common of the allergic disorders, with a prevalence of 6-8 per cent in children up to the age of three. However, many people self-diagnose, putting their children at risk of malnutrition, possibly as a result of lack of awareness by health professionals of food allergy as a potential cause of conditions such as infantile eczema, chronic diarrhoea, faltering growth and gastrooesophageal reflux. NICE (The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) recently published guidelines, which they hope will help to improve the diagnosis of food allergies within the community...
July 2011: Journal of Family Health Care
Vanessa Pacini Inaba Fernandes, Eliana Cotta de Faria, Maria Angela Bellomo-Brandão, Roberto José Negrão Nogueira
Lipid abnormalities in children have become more common in recent decades. This trend is related to the increase in overweight and obesity. The 2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reported that the percentage of risk for overweight and overweight in children aged > 6 years is 31%, higher than the previous surveys. Serum lipids tend to increase quickly up to 6 months of age and reach values very close to adult values by age 2. As suggested by the American Heart Association, serum lipid values for children and adolescents (2-19 years old) are considered abnormal when total cholesterol is >200 mg/dL, high-density lipoprotein is <35 mg/dL, low-density lipoprotein is >130 mg/dL, and triglycerides are >150 mg/dL...
August 2011: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Susan P Walker, Susan M Chang, Marcos Vera-Hernández, Sally Grantham-McGregor
OBJECTIVE: An estimated 178 million children younger than 5 years in developing countries experience linear growth retardation and are unlikely to attain their developmental potential. We aimed to evaluate adult benefits from early childhood stimulation and/or nutritional supplementation in growth-retarded children. METHODS: In Kingston, Jamaica, 129 growth-retarded children aged 9 to 24 months took part in a 2-year trial of nutritional supplementation (1 kg milk-based formula per week) and/or psychosocial stimulation (weekly play sessions to improve mother-child interaction)...
May 2011: Pediatrics
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