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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320522/do-systematic-reviews-address-community-healthcare-professionals-wound-care-uncertainties-results-from-evidence-mapping-in-wound-care
#1
Janice Christie, Trish A Gray, Jo C Dumville, Nicky A Cullum
BACKGROUND: Complex wounds such as leg and foot ulcers are common, resource intensive and have negative impacts on patients' wellbeing. Evidence-based decision-making, substantiated by high quality evidence such as from systematic reviews, is widely advocated for improving patient care and healthcare efficiency. Consequently, we set out to classify and map the extent to which up-to-date systematic reviews containing robust evidence exist for wound care uncertainties prioritised by community-based healthcare professionals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288419/based-real-time-remote-health-monitoring-systems-a-review-on-patients-prioritization-and-related-big-data-using-body-sensors-information-and-communication-technology
#2
REVIEW
Naser Kalid, A A Zaidan, B B Zaidan, Omar H Salman, M Hashim, H Muzammil
The growing worldwide population has increased the need for technologies, computerised software algorithms and smart devices that can monitor and assist patients anytime and anywhere and thus enable them to lead independent lives. The real-time remote monitoring of patients is an important issue in telemedicine. In the provision of healthcare services, patient prioritisation poses a significant challenge because of the complex decision-making process it involves when patients are considered 'big data'. To our knowledge, no study has highlighted the link between 'big data' characteristics and real-time remote healthcare monitoring in the patient prioritisation process, as well as the inherent challenges involved...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287972/the-patient-perspective-on-radiogenomics-testing-for-breast-radiation-toxicity
#3
T Rattay, R P Symonds, S Shokuhi, C J Talbot, J B Schnur
AIMS: In the field of radiogenomics, several potential predictive genetic markers have been identified that are associated with individual susceptibility to radiation toxicity. Predictive models of radiation toxicity incorporating radiogenomics and other biomarkers are being developed as part of the ongoing multicentre REQUITE trial. The purpose of this study was to explore patient attitudes towards future predictive radiogenomics testing for breast radiation toxicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with breast cancer patients taking part in the REQUITE study at one centre...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282588/impact-of-specialist-rehabilitation-services-on-hospital-length-of-stay-and-associated-costs
#4
A Duarte, C Bojke, W Cayton, A Salawu, B Case, L Bojke, G Richardson
BACKGROUND: Provision of specialist rehabilitation services in North Yorkshire and Humberside may be suboptimal. Local commissioning bodies need to prioritise investments in health care, but previous studies provide limited evidence to inform the decision to expand existing services on the basis of cost-effectiveness. We examine the impact of specialist rehabilitation services in the subregion on hospital length of stay (LoS) and associated costs compared to routine care. METHODS: Comparison of hospital LoS and associated costs in centres with greater access (Hull) and limited access (i...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282257/barriers-and-facilitators-of-physical-activity-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#5
Archontissa M Kanavaki, Alison Rushton, Nikolaos Efstathiou, Asma Alrushud, Rainer Klocke, Abhishek Abhishek, Joan L Duda
Physical activity (PA), including engagement in structured exercise, has a key role in the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, maintaining a physically active lifestyle is a challenge for people with OA. PA determinants in this population need to be understood better so that they can be optimised by public health or healthcare interventions and social policy changes. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the existing qualitative evidence on barriers and facilitators of PA for patients with hip or knee OA...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251606/issues-in-access-to-end-of-life-care-in-low-resource-areas
#6
Yogesh Jain, Gajanan Phutke
Even though 1% of people require palliative and end-of-life care in low-resource situations, it remains an uncharted arena. Yet it is as important as curative care to alleviate suffering. Palliative care is not only a need in cancer and HIV disease; but is needed in a diverse group of illnesses ranging from tuberculosis, renal failures, paraplegia to chronic lung diseases. In a lower resource setting, the gaps in palliation may be the need for more technology and interventions or more healthcare professionals...
October 25, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241142/unmet-needs-burden-of-treatment-and-patient-engagement-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-combined-perspective-from-the-ms-in-the-21st-century-steering-group
#7
Peter Rieckmann, Diego Centonze, Irina Elovaara, Gavin Giovannoni, Eva Havrdová, Jurg Kesselring, Gisela Kobelt, Dawn Langdon, Sarah A Morrow, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Sven Schippling, Christoph Thalheim, Heidi Thompson, Patrick Vermersch, Karen Aston, Birgit Bauer, Christy Demory, Maria Paz Giambastiani, Jana Hlavacova, Jocelyne Nouvet-Gire, George Pepper, Maija Pontaga, Emma Rogan, Chrystal Rogalski, Pieter van Galen, Ali-Frédéric Ben-Amor
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement is vital in multiple sclerosis (MS) in order to optimise outcomes for patients, society and healthcare systems. It is essential to involve all stakeholders in potential solutions, working in a multidisciplinary way to ensure that people with MS (PwMS) are included in shared decision-making and disease management. To start this process, a collaborative, open environment between PwMS and healthcare professionals (HCPs) is required so that similarities and disparities in the perception of key areas in patient care and unmet needs can be identified...
November 21, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225939/mapping-global-policy-discourse-on-antimicrobial-resistance
#8
Didier Wernli, Peter S Jørgensen, Chantal M Morel, Scott Carroll, Stephan Harbarth, Nicolas Levrat, Didier Pittet
The rising importance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) to the global health agenda is associated with a growing number of parties voicing their concern about the issue. With more recommendations and policies appearing, understanding the policy process requires making sense of the views, values, interests and goals of each participant. Policy frame analysis provides a method to understand both the scientific view and the actions advocated by global health actors to tackle AMR. Here we review and refine policy frame analyses of AMR using a deductive approach...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218835/-we-just-follow-the-patients-lead-healthcare-professional-perspectives-on-the-involvement-of-teenagers-with-cancer-in-decision-making
#9
Emma Day, Louise Jones, Richard Langner, L Caroline Stirling, Rachael Hough, Myra Bluebond-Langner
PURPOSE: We report on an in-depth interview and participant observation study that uses data from multiple sources to determine how the involvement of teenagers with leukaemia is understood and enacted in healthcare. In this article, we investigate healthcare professionals' (HCP) views of teenagers' involvement in decisions about their care and treatment for leukaemia. METHODS: We conducted participant observation at 98 multi-disciplinary meetings and 95 open-ended, semi-structured interviews and informal conversations with clinical teenage cancer teams at one UK tertiary referral centre...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206884/rapid-research-and-implementation-priority-setting-for-wound-care-uncertainties
#10
Trish A Gray, Jo C Dumville, Janice Christie, Nicky A Cullum
INTRODUCTION: People with complex wounds are more likely to be elderly, living with multimorbidity and wound related symptoms. A variety of products are available for managing complex wounds and a range of healthcare professionals are involved in wound care, yet there is a lack of good evidence to guide practice and services. These factors create uncertainty for those who deliver and those who manage wound care. Formal priority setting for research and implementation topics is needed to more accurately target the gaps in treatment and services...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198852/demographic-factors-and-attitudes-that-influence-the-support-of-the-general-public-for-the-introduction-of-universal-healthcare-in-ireland-a-national-survey
#11
Catherine D Darker, Erica Donnelly-Swift, Lucy Whiston
Ireland is still struggling to end the inequitable two-tiered health system and introduce universal healthcare (UHC). Public opinion can influence health policy choice and implementation. However, the public are rarely asked for their views. This study describes the demographic and attitudinal factors that influence the support of the public for the introduction of UHC. It provides data on a nationally representative survey sample of n=972. There are high levels of support for the introduction of UHC (n=846 87...
November 24, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187081/medical-directors-perspectives-on-strengthening-hospital-quality-and-safety
#12
Rachel Canaway, Marie Bismark, David Dunt, Margaret Kelaher
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the concerns and factors that impact on hospital quality and safety, particularly related to use of performance data, within a setting of devolved governance. Design/methodology/approach This qualitative study used thematic analysis of interviews with public hospital medical directors. For additional context, findings were framed by themes from a review of hospital safety and quality in the same jurisdiction. Findings Varying approaches and levels of complexity were described about what and how performance data are reviewed, prioritised, and quality improvements implemented...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185240/insufficient-recruitment-and-premature-discontinuation-of-clinical-trials-in-switzerland-qualitative-study-with-trialists-and-other-stakeholders
#13
Matthias Briel, Bernice Elger, Erik von Elm, Priya Satalkar
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Premature discontinuation occurs in about 25% of randomised clinical trials in Switzerland; it mainly affects investigator-initiated trials and is mostly due to problems with recruitment of patients. The aim of this study was to qualitatively investigate reasons for trial discontinuation due to poor patient recruitment and suggestions to address those reasons in the Swiss context. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with trialists whose trials were discontinued because of recruitment problems, other experienced trialists, and stakeholders in clinical research in Switzerland...
November 29, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182649/men-s-perspectives-of-prostate-cancer-screening-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#14
Laura J James, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Camilla S Hanson, Angela Ju, Kirsten Howard, Tim Usherwood, Howard Lau, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in men. Screening for prostate cancer is widely accepted; however concerns regarding the harms outweighing the benefits of screening exist. Although patient's play a pivotal role in the decision making process, men may not be aware of the controversies regarding prostate cancer screening. Therefore we aimed to describe men's attitudes, beliefs and experiences of prostate cancer screening. METHODS: Systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies on men's perspectives of prostate cancer screening...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173077/family-centred-care-in-the-paediatric-high-dependency-unit-parents-and-staff-s-perception
#15
Mandie Foster, Lisa Whitehead
AIM: This study explored parent and staff perceptions of family centred care within a paediatric high dependency in one New Zealand hospital. BACKGROUND: Family centred care is a partnership approach to healthcare delivery where the child's treatment is aligned to the family's needs and desired level of involvement. Despite widespread endorsement of family centred care, variations in the definitions, perceptions, utilisation and level of importance placed on treatment, information, negotiation, support and family involvement between parents and staff within various healthcare settings continues to be evident...
November 27, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161170/examining-the-implementation-of-collaborative-competencies-in-a-critical-care-setting-key-challenges-for-enacting-competency-based-education
#16
Joanne Goldman, Simon Kitto, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional collaboration is recognised as an important factor in improving patient care in intensive care units (ICUs). Competency frameworks, and more specifically interprofessional competency frameworks, are a key strategy being used to support the development of attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviours needed for an interprofessional approach to care. However, evidence for the application of competencies is limited. This study aimed to extend our empirically based understanding of the significance of interprofessional competencies to actual clinical practice in an ICU...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153961/welcoming-expertise-bereaved-parents-perceptions-of-the-parent-healthcare-provider-relationship-when-a-critically-ill-child-is-admitted-to-the-paediatric-intensive-care-unit
#17
Ashleigh E Butler, Beverley Copnell, Helen Hall
BACKGROUND: Entering the paediatric intensive care unit with a critically ill child is a stressful experience for parents. In addition to fearing for their child's well-being, parents must navigate both a challenging environment and numerous new relationships with healthcare staff. How parents form relationships with staff and how they perceive both their own and the healthcare providers' roles in this early stage of their paediatric intensive care journey is currently unknown. PURPOSE: This paper explores bereaved parents' perceptions of their role and their relationships with healthcare providers when their child is admitted to the intensive care unit, as part of a larger study exploring their experiences when their child dies in intensive care...
November 15, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150472/are-food-and-drink-retailers-within-nhs-venues-adhering-to-nice-quality-standard-94-guidance-on-childhood-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-two-large-secondary-care-nhs-hospitals-in-england
#18
Alice James, Laura Birch, Peter Fletcher, Sally Pearson, Catherine Boyce, Andy R Ness, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Fiona E Lithander
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the food and drink retail outlets in two major National Health Service (NHS) district general hospitals in England adhere to quality statements 1-3 of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality standard 94. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study to assess the food and drink options available in vending machines, restaurants, cafes and shops in two secondary care hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adherence to quality statement 1 whereby the food and drink items available in the vending machines were classified as either healthy or less healthy using the Nutrient Profiling Model (NPM)...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143547/from-individual-to-global-human-rights-and-aphasia
#19
Deborah Hersh
This commentary marks the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by examining Article 19 and its application to people with aphasia. This group of people still face lack of access, stigmatisation, exclusion, disadvantage and social withdrawal as well as poor public awareness of aphasia and inadequate prioritisation of support and resources. Nevertheless, a range of creative initiatives at individual, healthcare, local community, national and global levels have helped to connect and empower people with aphasia...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133314/decisional-needs-assessment-of-patients-with-complex-care-needs-in-primary-care-a-participatory-systematic-mixed-studies-review-protocol
#20
Mathieu Bujold, Pierre Pluye, France Légaré, Jeannie Haggerty, Genevieve C Gore, Reem El Sherif, Marie-Eve Poitras, Marie-Claude Beaulieu, Marie-Dominique Beaulieu, Paula L Bush, Yves Couturier, Beatrice Débarges, Justin Gagnon, Anik Giguère, Roland Grad, Vera Granikov, Serge Goulet, Catherine Hudon, Bernardo Kremer, Edeltraut Kröger, Irina Kudrina, Bertrand Lebouché, Christine Loignon, Marie-Therese Lussier, Cristiano Martello, Quynh Nguyen, Rebekah Pratt, Benoit Rihoux, Ellen Rosenberg, Isabelle Samson, Nicolas Senn, David Li Tang, Masashi Tsujimoto, Isabelle Vedel, Bruno Ventelou, Michel Wensing
INTRODUCTION: Patients with complex care needs (PCCNs) often suffer from combinations of multiple chronic conditions, mental health problems, drug interactions and social vulnerability, which can lead to healthcare services overuse, underuse or misuse. Typically, PCCNs face interactional issues and unmet decisional needs regarding possible options in a cascade of interrelated decisions involving different stakeholders (themselves, their families, their caregivers, their healthcare practitioners)...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
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