keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Helicopter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231814/the-impact-of-a-physician-staffed-helicopter-on-outcome-in-patients-admitted-to-a-stroke-unit-a-prospective-observational-study
#1
Kamilia S Funder, Lars S Rasmussen, Nicolai Lohse, Rasmus Hesselfeldt, Volkert Siersma, Jesper Gyllenborg, Sandra Wulffeld, Ole M Hendriksen, Freddy K Lippert, Jacob Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: Transportation by helicopter may reduce time to hospital admission and improve outcome. We aimed to investigate the effect of transport mode on mortality, disability, and labour market affiliation in patients admitted to the stroke unit. METHODS: Prospective, observational study with 5.5 years of follow-up. We included patients admitted to the stroke unit the first three years after implementation of a helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) from a geographical area covered by both the HEMS and the ground emergency medical services (GEMS)...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222794/potential-benefits-of-an-integrated-military-civilian-trauma-system-experiences-from-two-major-regional-conflicts
#2
Jeffry L Kashuk, Kobi Peleg, Elon Glassberg, Adi Givon, Irina Radomislensky, Yoram Kluger
BACKGROUND: Although differences of opinion and controversies may arise, lessons learned from military conflicts often translate into improvements in triage, resuscitation strategies, and surgical technique. Our fully integrated national trauma system, providing care for both military and civilian casualties, necessitates close cooperation between all aspects of both sectors. We theorized that lessons learned from two regional conflicts over 8 years, with resultant improved triage, reduced hospital length of stay, and sustained low mortality would aid performance improvement and provide evidence of overall trauma system maturation...
February 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193297/pre-hospital-transfusion-of-packed-red-blood-cells-in-147-patients-from-a-uk-helicopter-emergency-medical-service
#3
Richard M Lyon, Eleanor de Sausmarez, Emily McWhirter, Gary Wareham, Magnus Nelson, Ashley Matthies, Anthony Hudson, Leigh Curtis, Malcolm Q Russell
BACKGROUND: Early transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC) has been associated with improved survival in patients with haemorrhagic shock. This study aims to describe the characteristics of patients receiving pre-hospital blood transfusion and evaluate their subsequent need for in-hospital transfusion and surgery. METHODS: The decision to administer a pre-hospital PRBC transfusion was based on clinical judgment. All patients transfused pre-hospital PRBC between February 2013 and December 2014 were included...
February 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192440/helicopter-emergency-medical-services-in-major-incident-management-a-national-norwegian-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Anne Siri Johnsen, Stephen J M Sollid, Trond Vigerust, Morten Jystad, Marius Rehn
OBJECTIVE: Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) aim to bring a highly specialised crew to the scene of major incidents for triage, treatment and transport. We aim to describe experiences made by HEMS in Norway in the management of major incidents. DESIGN: Doctors, rescue paramedics and pilots working in Norwegian HEMS and Search and Rescue Helicopters (SAR) January 1st 2015 were invited to a cross-sectional study on experiences, preparedness and training in major incident management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154162/outcomes-of-physician-staffed-versus-non-physician-staffed-helicopter-transport-for-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#5
Sverrir I Gunnarsson, Joseph Mitchell, Mary S Busch, Brenda Larson, S Michael Gharacholou, Zhanhai Li, Amish N Raval
BACKGROUND: The effect of physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) on ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patient transfer is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of physician-staffed HEMS (Physician-HEMS) versus non-physician-staffed (Standard-HEMS) in patients with STEMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 398 STEMI patients transferred by either Physician-HEMS (n=327) or Standard-HEMS (n=71) for primary or rescue percutaneous coronary intervention at 2 hospitals between 2006 and 2014...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118413/a-double-blinded-randomized-comparison-of-medetomidine-tiletamine-zolazepam-and-dexmedetomidine-tiletamine-zolazepam-anesthesia-in-free-ranging-brown-bears-ursus-arctos
#6
Núria Fandos Esteruelas, Marc Cattet, Andreas Zedrosser, Gordon B Stenhouse, Susanne Küker, Alina L Evans, Jon M Arnemo
We compared anesthetic features, blood parameters, and physiological responses to either medetomidine-tiletamine-zolazepam or dexmedetomidine-tiletamine-zolazepam using a double-blinded, randomized experimental design during 40 anesthetic events of free-ranging brown bears (Ursus arctos) either captured by helicopter in Sweden or by culvert trap in Canada. Induction was smooth and predictable with both anesthetic protocols. Induction time, the need for supplemental drugs to sustain anesthesia, and capture-related stress were analyzed using generalized linear models, but anesthetic protocol did not differentially affect these variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111748/trauma-care-in-a-combined-rural-and-urban-region-an-observational-study
#7
O Uleberg, T Kristiansen, K Pape, P R Romundstad, P Klepstad
BACKGROUND: The available information on trauma care in mixed rural-urban areas with scattered populations is limited. The aim of this study is to describe epidemiology, resource use, transfers and outcomes for trauma care within such an area, prior to implementation of a formal trauma system. METHODS: A multicentre observational study including potential severely injured patients from June 2007 to May 2010. All patients received by trauma teams at seven acute care hospitals (ACH) and one major trauma centre (MTC) were included...
March 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103121/comparison-of-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-transport-types-and-delays-on-patient-outcomes-at-two-level-i-trauma-centers
#8
Brodie Nolan, Homer Tien, Bruce Sawadsky, Sandro Rizoli, Amanda McFarlan, Andrea Phillips, Alun Ackery
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have become an engrained component of trauma systems. In Ontario, transportation for trauma patients is through one of three ways: scene call, modified scene call, or interfacility transfer. We hypothesize that differences exist between these types of transports in both patient demographics and patient outcomes. This study compares the characteristics of patients transported by each of these methods to two level 1 trauma centers and assesses for any impact on morbidity or mortality...
January 19, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095953/reported-back-pain-in-army-aircrew-in-relation-to-airframe-gender-age-and-experience
#9
Amanda M Kelley, Jason MacDonnell, Deahndra Grigley, John Campbell, Steven J Gaydos
INTRODUCTION: Back pain has remained an issue of significance among aircraft crewmembers for decades, occurring in the majority of military helicopter pilots with potential deleterious effects on performance, safety, and operational readiness. This exploratory, correlational survey study was designed to evaluate the presence of patterns and relationships that may require further examination to understand causal factors. METHODS: The study population consisted of U...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089060/evaluating-services-at-a-major-trauma-center-before-helipad-construction
#10
Danny Jon Nian Wong, James Robert Bedford, Simon Luck, Roger Bloomer
INTRODUCTION: Two of the 4 hospitals designated as major trauma centers in London, UK, currently operate on-site helicopter landing pads. King's College Hospital (KCH) is constructing a third. We evaluate current trauma services at King's College Hospital, before the helipad entering service, establishing baseline workload and mortality measures. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from patients admitted January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2015, to KCH after major trauma with on-scene helicopter emergency medical services involvement (N = 427) using the Trauma Audit and Research Network database...
January 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069138/disparities-in-access-to-trauma-care-in-the-united-states-a-population-based-analysis
#11
Brendan G Carr, Ariel J Bowman, Catherine S Wolff, Michael T Mullen, Daniel N Holena, Charles C Branas, Douglas J Wiebe
BACKGROUND: Injury is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Accordingly, expanding access to trauma care is a Healthy People priority. The extent to which disparities in access to trauma care exist in the US is unknown. Our objective was to describe geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic disparities in access to trauma care in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of the US population in 2010 using small units of geographic analysis and validated estimates of population access to a Level I or II trauma center within 60minutes via ambulance or helicopter...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068166/risk-factors-for-injuries-during-military-static-line-airborne-operations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Joseph Knapik, Ryan Steelman
OBJECTIVE:  To identify and analyze articles in which the authors examined risk factors for soldiers during military static-line airborne operations. DATA SOURCES:  We searched for articles in PubMed, the Defense Technical Information Center, reference lists, and other sources using the key words airborne, parachuting, parachutes, paratrooper, injuries, wounds, trauma, and musculoskeletal. STUDY SELECTION:  The search identified 17 684 potential studies...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063720/a-case-of-cardiac-arrest-that-occurred-on-a-high-mountain-in-which-a-favorable-outcome-was-obtained
#13
Youichi Yanagawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Ikuto Takeuchi, Kei Jitsuiki, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Kouhei Ishikawa, Yumi Kando, Mutsumu Fukata, Hiromichi Ohsaka
A 36-year-old man started to climb Mount Fuji (3776m above sea level: ASL), from the Gotemba new fifth station (2400m ASL). He had no significant medical history, and this was his first attempt to climb such a high mountain. He began feeling chest discomfort but continued to climb. When he reached the ninth station of the mountain (3600mASL), he lost consciousness. One individual immediately provided basic life support using an automated external defibrillator (AED) that was located in the station. After electroshocks, he regained consciousness...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062529/a-mixed-reality-simulator-concept-for-future-medical-emergency-response-team-training
#14
Robert J Stone, R Guest, P Mahoney, D Lamb, C Gibson
The UK Defence Medical Service's Pre-Hospital Emergency Care (PHEC) capability includes rapid-deployment Medical Emergency Response Teams (MERTs) comprising tri-service trauma consultants, paramedics and specialised nurses, all of whom are qualified to administer emergency care under extreme conditions to improve the survival prospects of combat casualties. The pre-deployment training of MERT personnel is designed to foster individual knowledge, skills and abilities in PHEC and in small team performance and cohesion in 'mission-specific' contexts...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060714/adaptive-reliable-h%C3%A2-static-output-feedback-control-against-markovian-jumping-sensor-failures
#15
Ding Zhai, Liwei An, Dan Ye, Qingling Zhang
This paper investigates the adaptive H∞ static output feedback (SOF) control problem for continuous-time linear systems with stochastic sensor failures. A multi-Markovian variable is introduced to denote the failure scaling factors for each sensor. Different from the existing results, the failure parameters are stochastically jumping and their bounds of are unknown. An adaptive reliable H∞ SOF control method is proposed, where the controller parameters are updated automatically to compensate for the failure effects on systems...
January 2, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055220/incident-diagnoses-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2005-2014
#16
Terrence Lee, Stephen B Taubman, Valerie F Williams
From 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014, a total of 8,819 incident diagnoses of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) (incidence rate 64.6 cases per 100,000 person-years [p-yrs]) were documented in the health records of 6,670 active component service members. During the surveillance period, there was a very slight decrease in the annual crude incidence rates of NMSC; rates of NMSC peaked in 2007 (68.3 cases per 100,000 p-yrs) and were at their lowest in 2013 (60.4 cases per 100,000 p-yrs). Increasing age was associated with increased risk of NMSC...
December 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038863/association-of-remote-ischemic-peri-conditioning-with-reduced-incidence-of-clinical-heart-failure-after-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#17
Adetola Ladejobi, Max Wayne, Christian Martin-Gill, Francis X Guyette, Andrew D Althouse, Michael S Sharbaugh, Steven E Reis, Clifton W Callaway, John A Kellum, A J Conrad Smith, Catalin Toma, Oladipupo Olafiranye
BACKGROUND: Clinical heart failure (HF) occurs frequently after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and is associated with increased mortality. We assessed the impact of remote ischemic peri-conditioning (RIPC) during inter-facility air medical transport of STEMI patients on clinical HF following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). METHODS: Data from Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network Registry®-Get With the Guidelines™ (ACTION Registry-GWTG) from two PCI-hospitals that are utilizing RIPC during inter-facility helicopter transport of STEMI patients for pPCI between March, 2013 and September, 2015 were used for this study...
December 15, 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033139/air-medical-administration-of-tranexamic-acid
#18
Brian Cornelius
Traumatic injury is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Massive hemorrhage is responsible for the vast majority of deaths. Evolution in trauma treatment has resulted in major improvements to emergency care. Tranexamic acid (TXA), an antifibrinolytic agent, is synthetically derived from amino acids. The CRASH-2 study demonstrated that the early administration of TXA results in significant decreases in morbidity and mortality. Experiences by coalition forces in Southwest Asia found a substantial increase in survival of trauma patients with early TXA administration...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031077/deployment-of-medical-relief-teams-of-the-indian-army-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquake-lessons-learned
#19
Ashutosh Chauhan, Bhushan Kumar Chopra
In April 2015 a 7.8-magnitude earthquake hit Nepal. As part of relief operations named Operation Maitri, the Indian Armed Forces deployed 3 field hospitals in the disaster zone. Rapid deployment of mobile surgical teams to far-flung, inaccessible areas was done by helicopters. In an operational deployment spanning 1 month, a total of 7532 patients were treated and 105 surgeries were carried out on 83 patients. One-fifth of the patients were less than 18 years of age. One-third of the patients had traumatic injuries directly attributable to the earthquake, whereas the remaining patients were treated for diseases of poor sanitation and hygiene as well as chronic illness that had been neglected owing to the collapse of the local health infrastructure...
December 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030500/analysis-of-aeromedical-retrieval-coverage-using-elliptical-isochrones-an-evaluation-of-helicopter-fleet-size-configurations-in-scotland
#20
Naomi Dodds, Phillip Emerson, Stephanie Phillips, David R Green, Jan O Jansen
BACKGROUND: Trauma systems in remote and rural regions often rely on helicopter emergency medical services to facilitate access to definitive care. The siting of such resources is key, but often relies on simplistic modelling of coverage, using circular isochrones. Scotland is in the process of implementing a national trauma network, and there have been calls for an expansion of aeromedical retrieval capacity. The aim of this study was to analyse population and area coverage of the current retrieval service configuration, with three aircraft, and a configuration with an additional helicopter, in the North East of Scotland, using a novel methodology...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
keyword
keyword
1133
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"