keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Helicopter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818147/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-fatal-accidents-in-aviation-medicine
#1
Tanja Laukkala, Robert Bor, Bruce Budowle, Antti Sajantila, Pooshan Navathe, Markku Sainio, Alpo Vuorio
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interfere with functioning and/or development. ADHD occurs in about 2.5% of adults. ADHD can be an excluding medical condition among pilots due to the risk of attentional degradation and therefore impact on flight safety. Diagnosis of ADHD is complex, which complicates aeromedical assessment. This study highlights fatal accident cases among pilots with ADHD and discusses protocols to detect its presence to help to assess its importance to flight safety...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817098/estimation-of-the-vertical-distribution-of-radiocesium-in-soil-on-the-basis-of-the-characteristics-of-gamma-ray-spectra-obtained-via-aerial-radiation-monitoring-using-an-unmanned-helicopter
#2
Kotaro Ochi, Miyuki Sasaki, Mutsushi Ishida, Shoichiro Hamamoto, Taku Nishimura, Yukihisa Sanada
After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the vertical distribution of radiocesium in soil has been investigated to better understand the behavior of radiocesium in the environment. The typical method used for measuring the vertical distribution of radiocesium is troublesome because it requires collection and measurement of the activity of soil samples. In this study, we established a method of estimating the vertical distribution of radiocesium by focusing on the characteristics of gamma-ray spectra obtained via aerial radiation monitoring using an unmanned helicopter...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795513/the-economic-implications-of-sylvatic-rabies-eradication-in-italy
#3
S Sartore, P Mulatti, S Trestini, M Lorenzetto, L Gagliazzo, S Marangon, L Bonfanti
After more than 10 years of absence, sylvatic rabies re-appeared in Italy in 2008. To prevent disease spread, three oral rabies vaccination (ORV) campaigns targeting red foxes were performed through manual distribution of vaccine baits between January and September 2009. As these campaigns proved unsuccessful, at the end of December 2009, baits started being distributed using helicopters, allowing uniform coverage of larger areas in a shorter time period. From winter 2009 to autumn 2016, a total of 15 ORV campaigns (four emergency, four regular and seven preventive ORV) were implemented through aerial distribution of baits...
August 9, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782653/a-maximal-incremental-effort-alters-tear-osmolarity-depending-on-the-fitness-level-in-military-helicopter-pilots
#4
Jesús Vera Vilchez, Raimundo Jimenez, Iker Madinabeitia, Nerijus Masiulis, David Cárdenas
PURPOSE: Fitness level modulates the physiological responses to exercise for a variety of indices. While intense bouts of exercise have been demonstrated to increase tear osmolarity (Tosm), it is not known if fitness level can affect the Tosm response to acute exercise. This study aims to compare the effect of a maximal incremental test on Tosm between trained and untrained military helicopter pilots. METHODS: Nineteen military helicopter pilots (ten trained and nine untrained) performed a maximal incremental test on a treadmill...
August 4, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739245/management-of-mass-casualties-using-doctor-helicopters-and-doctor-cars
#5
Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kouhei Ishikawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Kei Jitsuiki, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Youichi Yanagawa
At approximately 10 o'clock in September 2015, a minibus carrying 18 people accidentally slid backwards because of a malfunctioning brake system while climbing a steep incline on Togasayama Mountain, colliding with a van (Toyota HiAce wagon) carrying 11 people that was situated behind the minibus. Togasayama Mountain is located 1 hour by car and 10 minutes by helicopter from our hospital. The minibus slid off a roadside cliff at a height of 0.5 m and rolled over after colliding with the van. There were 7 victims with yellow tags and 22 with green tags...
July 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739242/helicopter-emergency-medical-service-simulation-training-in-the-extreme-simulation-based-training-in-a-mountain-weather-chamber
#6
Urs Pietsch, Ludwig Ney, Oliver Kreuzer, Armin Berner, Volker Lischke
Mountain rescue operations often confront crews with extreme weather conditions. Extremely cold temperatures make standard treatment sometimes difficult or even impossible. It is well-known that most manual tasks, including those involved in mountain rescue operations, are slowed by extremely cold weather. To lessen and improve the decrement in performance of emergency medical treatment caused by cold-induced manual impairment and inadequate medical equipment and supplies, simulation training in a weather chamber, which can produce wind and temperatures up to -22°C, was developed...
July 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739241/hospital-mortality-based-on-the-mode-of-emergency-medical-services-transportation
#7
Hassan Al-Thani, Ayman El-Menyar, Yugan Pillay, Monira Mollazehi, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Rafael Consunji
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the presentations and outcomes of trauma patients transported by helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) versus ground emergency medical services (GEMS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of trauma registry data at a level I trauma center was conducted for patients transported by GEMS and HEMS between 2011 and 2013. Data were analyzed and categorized based on the mode of transportation. RESULTS: A total of 4,596 trauma patients were admitted to the hospital with a mean age of 31 ± 15 years...
July 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739239/acute-coronary-syndrome-evacuated-by-a-helicopter-from-the-scene
#8
Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kazuhio Omori, Ikuto Takeuchi, Kei Jitsuiki, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Kouhei Ishikawa, Kikuo Isoda, Satoru Suwa, Youichi Yanagawa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of evacuating patients using a physician-staffed helicopter (Dr. Heli). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated all of the patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who were transported by a Dr. Heli between April 2004 and March 2016. The scene group included subjects evacuated from the scene by the Dr. Heli. The interhospital group included subjects transported to a nearby medical facility by a ground ambulance and then transported to our hospital by a Dr...
July 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717647/intracranial-hematoma-detection-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy-in-a-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-practical-experience
#9
Patrick Schober, Sebastiaan M Bossers, Lothar A Schwarte
In (helicopter) emergency medical services, (H)EMS, the prehospital detection of intracranial hematomas should improve patient care and the triage to specialized neurosurgical hospitals. Recently, noninvasive detection of intracranial hematomas became possible by applying transcranial near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Herein, second-generation devices are currently available, for example, the Infrascanner 2000 (Infrascan), that appear suited also for prehospital (H)EMS applications. Since (H)EMS operations are time-critical, we studied the Infrascanner 2000 as a "first-time-right" monitor in healthy volunteers (n = 17, hospital employees, no neurologic history)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711949/pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-by-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-does-it-has-added-value-compared-to-regular-emergency-medical-service
#10
X R J Moors, K Rijs, D Den Hartog, R J Stolker
PURPOSE: To determine the outcome of out-of-hospital (OOH) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the advanced life support (ALS) procedures provided in pediatrics by the Rotterdam Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of all pediatric (0-17 years) OOH cardiopulmonary arrests within a 6-year period and attended by the Rotterdam HEMS team. RESULTS: There were 201 OOH CPRs from October 2008 until October 2014. Endotracheal intubation was performed in 164 cases and done by HEMS in 104 patients (63%), intraosseous/intravenous cannulation 43/27 times, and additional medication given by HEMS in 70 patients (35%)...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705744/the-relationship-between-ocular-trauma-and-substance-abuse-in-emergency-department-patients
#11
Sylvia L Chang, Vaama Patel, John Giltner, Richard Lee, Catherine A Marco
INTRODUCTION: Eye injury is the second most common cause of visual impairment and a leading cause of monocular blindness in the United States. There are approximately 6 million ED visits related to drug use annually, including misuse or abuse of pharmaceuticals and illicit drug use. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between ocular trauma and substance abuse among emergency department patients and to assess that relationship with demographic factors, including age and gender...
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700306/how-can-helicopter-parents-have-missed-young-worker-safety
#12
Steven E Lacey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693524/national-consensus-on-communication-in-prehospital-trauma-care-the-denim-study
#13
Annelieke Maria Karien Harmsen, Leo Maria George Geeraedts, Georgios Fredericus Giannakopoulos, Maartje Terra, Herman M T Christiaans, Lidwine Brigitta Mokkink, Frank Willem Bloemers
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands prehospital trauma care is provided by emergency medical services (EMS) nurses. This care is extended by Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (P-HEMS) for the more severely injured patient. Prehospital communication is a factor of influence on the identification of these patients and the dispatch of P-HEMS. Though prehospital communication it is often perceived to be incomplete and unstructured. To elucidated factors of influence on prehospital triage and the identification of the severely injured patient a Delphi study was performed...
July 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693491/hypoxia-and-hypotension-in-patients-intubated-by-physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-a-prospective-observational-multi-centre-study
#14
Geir Arne Sunde, Mårten Sandberg, Richard Lyon, Knut Fredriksen, Brian Burns, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Jo Røislien, Akos Soti, Helena Jäntti, David Lockey, Jon-Kenneth Heltne, Stephen J M Sollid
BACKGROUND: The effective treatment of airway compromise in trauma and non-trauma patients is important. Hypoxia and hypotension are predictors of negative patient outcomes and increased mortality, and may be important quality indicators of care provided by emergency medical services. Excluding cardiac arrests, critical trauma and non-trauma patients remain the two major groups to which helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are dispatched. Several studies describe the impact of pre-hospital hypoxia or hypotension on trauma patients, but few studies compare this in trauma and non-trauma patients...
July 11, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678487/spatiotemporal-variability-of-methane-emissions-at-oil-and-natural-gas-operations-in-the-eagle-ford-basin
#15
Tegan N Lavoie, Paul B Shepson, Maria O L Cambaliza, Brian H Stirm, Stephen Conley, Shobhit Mehrotra, Ian C Faloona, David Lyon
Methane emissions from oil and gas facilities can exhibit operation-dependent temporal variability; however, this variability has yet to be fully characterized. A field campaign was conducted in June 2014 in the Eagle Ford basin, Texas, to examine spatiotemporal variability of methane emissions using four methods. Clusters of methane-emitting sources were estimated from 14 aerial surveys of two ("East" or "West") 35 × 35 km grids, two aircraft-based mass balance methods measured emissions repeatedly at five gathering facilities and three flares, and emitting equipment source-types were identified via helicopter-based infrared camera at 13 production and gathering facilities...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653327/are-severely-injured-trauma-victims-in-norway-offered-advanced-pre-hospital-care-national-retrospective-observational-cohort
#16
T Wisborg, E N Ellensen, I Svege, T Dehli
BACKGROUND: Studies of severely injured patients suggest that advanced pre-hospital care and/or rapid transportation provides a survival benefit. This benefit depends on the disposition of resources to patients with the greatest need. Norway has 19 Emergency Helicopters (HEMS) staffed by anaesthesiologists on duty 24/7/365. National regulations describe indications for their use, and the use of the national emergency medical dispatch guideline is recommended. We assessed whether severely injured patients had been treated or transported by advanced resources on a national scale...
August 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648252/active-fault-tolerant-control-based-on-interval-type-2-fuzzy-sliding-mode-controller-and-non-linear-adaptive-observer-for-3-dof-laboratory-helicopter
#17
Samir Zeghlache, Tarak Benslimane, Abderrahmen Bouguerra
In this paper, a robust controller for a three degree of freedom (3 DOF) helicopter control is proposed in presence of actuator and sensor faults. For this purpose, Interval type-2 fuzzy logic control approach (IT2FLC) and sliding mode control (SMC) technique are used to design a controller, named active fault tolerant interval type-2 Fuzzy Sliding mode controller (AFTIT2FSMC) based on non-linear adaptive observer to estimate and detect the system faults for each subsystem of the 3-DOF helicopter. The proposed control scheme allows avoiding difficult modeling, attenuating the chattering effect of the SMC, reducing the rules number of the fuzzy controller...
June 22, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641984/bi-objective-approach-for-placing-ground-and-air-ambulance-base-and-helipad-locations-in-order-to-optimize-ems-response
#18
Milad Shahriari, Ali Bozorgi-Amiri, Shayan Tavakoli, Abolghasem Yousefi-Babadi
Shortening the travel time of patient transfer has clinical implications for many conditions such as cardiac arrest, trauma, stroke and STEMI. As resources are often limited precise calculations are needed. In this paper we consider the location problem for both ground and aerial emergency medical services. Given the uncertainty of when patients are in need of prompt medical attention we consider these demand points to be uncertain. We consider various ways in which ground and helicopter ambulances can work together to make the whole process go faster...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633669/impact-of-exercise-programs-among-helicopter-pilots-with-transient-lbp
#19
Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen
BACKGROUND: Flight related low back pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is frequent and may influence flight performance. Prolonged confined sitting during flights seems to weaken lumbar trunk (LT) muscles with associated secondary transient pain. Aim of the study was to investigate if structured training could improve muscular function and thus improve LBP related to flying. METHODS: 39 helicopter pilots (35 men and 4 women), who reported flying related LBP on at least 1 of 3 missions last month, were allocated to two training programs over a 3-month period...
June 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630705/physiological-effects-of-stress-related-to-helicopter-travel-in-federal-emergency-management-agency-search-and-rescue-canines
#20
E Perry, N Gulson, T-W Liu Cross, K S Swanson
Working canines are deployed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as part of a National Disaster Response Plan. Stress associated with helicopter flight and the resulting physical effects on the dog are unknown. Our objective was to test the hypotheses that (1) helicopter travel affects the physiology and faecal microbiota of working canines, but that (2) physiological consequences of helicopter travel will not negatively affect their work performance. A total of nine FEMA canines were loaded onto helicopters and flown for 30 min in July 2015...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
keyword
keyword
1133
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"