keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Helicopter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441512/a-historical-perspective-on-the-transport-of-premature-infants
#1
Shannon E Perry
A premature newborn was first transported via helicopter from place of birth to a specialty nursery 50 years ago. Since that time, the care of high-risk and premature newborns has evolved, but specialized services are not always available at the birth site. As a result, the demand for newborn transfer continues to grow. Today, neonates are transported to tertiary centers via ground ambulances, helicopters, and airplanes by highly trained personnel using sophisticated incubators and equipment.
April 22, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437783/evacuation-of-a-tertiary-neonatal-centre-lessons-from-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquakes
#2
Osuke Iwata, Akihiko Kawase, Masanori Iwai, Kazuko Wada
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants hospitalised in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are vulnerable to natural disasters. However, publications on evacuation from NICUs are sparse. The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes caused serious damage to Kumamoto City Hospital and its level III regional core NICU. Local/neighbour NICU teams and the disaster-communication team of a neonatal academic society cooperated to evacuate 38 newborn infants from the ward. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to highlight potential key factors to improve emergency NICU evacuation and coordination of hospital transportation following natural disasters...
April 25, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422905/distance-matters-effect-of-geographic-trauma-system-resource-organization-on-fatal-motor-vehicle-collisions
#3
Joshua B Brown, Matthew R Rosengart, Timothy R Billiar, Andrew B Peitzman, Jason L Sperry
BACKGROUND: Trauma systems improve outcome; however, it is unclear how geographic organization of trauma system resources (TSR) affects outcome. Our objective was to evaluate the relationship of fatal motor vehicle collisions (MVC) rates and the distance from individual MVC locations to the nearest TSR as a measure of the geographical organization of trauma systems, as well as how theoretical changes in the distribution of TSR may affect fatal MVC rates. METHODS: All fatal MVC in Pennsylvania 2013-14 were mapped from the FARS database...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419552/feasibility-and-utility-of-portable-ultrasound-during-retrieval-of-sick-preterm-infants
#4
Kathryn Browning Carmo, Tracey Lutz, Mark Greenhalgh, Andrew Berry, Martin Kluckow, Nick Evans
AIM: Document the incidence of haemodynamic pathology in critically ill preterm newborns requiring transport. METHOD: A transport neonatologist performed cardiac and cerebral ultrasound before and after transportation of infants born ≤ 30 weeks gestation. RESULTS: 44 newborns were studied 2008 - 2015, 21 transported by road, 19 by helicopter and 4 by fixed wing. Median birth weight 1130g (680-1960g), median gestation 27 weeks (23-30) and 30/44 were male...
April 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388892/self-administered-physical-exercise-training-as-treatment-of-neck-and-shoulder-pain-among-military-helicopter-pilots-and-crew-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mike Murray, Britt Lange, Bo Riebeling Nørnberg, Karen Søgaard, Gisela Sjøgaard
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is frequent among military helicopter pilots and crew-members, and pain may influence individual health and work performance. The aim of this study was to examine if an exercise intervention could reduce neck pain among helicopter pilots and crew-members. METHODS: Thirty-one pilots and thirty-eight crew-members were randomized to either an exercise-training-group (n = 35) or a reference-group (n = 34). The exercise-training-group received 20-weeks of specific neck/shoulder training...
April 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383476/multicenter-observational-prehospital-resuscitation-on-helicopter-study-prohs
#6
John B Holcomb, Michael D Swartz, Stacia M DeSantis, Thomas J Greene, Erin E Fox, Deborah M Stein, Eileen M Bulger, Jeffrey D Kerby, Michael Goodman, Martin A Schreiber, Martin D Zielinski, Terence O'Keeffe, Kenji Inaba, Jeffrey S Tomasek, Jeanette M Podbielski, Savitri Appana, Misung Yi, Charles E Wade
BACKGROUND: Earlier use of in-hospital plasma, platelets and red blood cells (RBCs) has improved survival in trauma patients with severe hemorrhage. Retrospective studies have associated improved early survival with prehospital blood product transfusion (PHT). We hypothesized that PHT of plasma and/or RBCs would result in improved survival after injury in patients transported by helicopter. METHODS: Adult trauma patients transported by helicopter from the scene to nine Level 1 trauma centers were prospectively observed from Jan-Nov 2015...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360354/predictors-of-false-positive-stroke-thrombectomy-transfers
#7
Julia Yi, Danielle Zielinski, Bichun Ouyang, James Conners, Rima Dafer, Michael Chen
BACKGROUND: Most patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke need to be transferred to receive thrombectomy. To save time, the decision to transfer often relies on clinical scales as a surrogate for LVO rather than imaging. However, clinical scales have been associated with high levels of diagnostic error. The aim of this study is to define the susceptibility to overdiagnosis of our current transfer decision process by measuring the rate of non-treatment transfers, the most common reasons for no treatment and potential predictors...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355413/maintenance-of-low-pressure-carburising-furnaces-a-source-of-pah-exposure
#8
Catherine Champmartin, Fanny Jeandel, Hubert Monnier
Objectives: Low-pressure carburising is a new technology used to harden steel; the process has been shown to be a source of considerable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) pollution. Some PAH are carcinogenic, and activities such as furnace maintenance may thus represent a risk to workers. Occupational exposure during these operations should therefore be assessed. Methods: In this study, the PAH-related carcinogenic risk associated with furnace maintenance was assessed by monitoring atmospheric levels of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), a representative marker, alongside urinary levels of 3-hydroxybenzo[a]pyrene (3-OHBaP), one of its metabolites...
January 9, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355184/smart-wing-rotation-and-trailing-edge-vortices-enable-high-frequency-mosquito-flight
#9
Richard J Bomphrey, Toshiyuki Nakata, Nathan Phillips, Simon M Walker
Mosquitoes exhibit unusual wing kinematics; their long, slender wings flap at remarkably high frequencies for their size (>800 Hz)and with lower stroke amplitudes than any other insect group. This shifts weight support away from the translation-dominated, aerodynamic mechanisms used by most insects, as well as by helicopters and aeroplanes, towards poorly understood rotational mechanisms that occur when pitching at the end of each half-stroke. Here we report free-flight mosquito wing kinematics, solve the full Navier-Stokes equations using computational fluid dynamics with overset grids, and validate our results with in vivo flow measurements...
April 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351447/near-infrared-spectroscopy-a-promising-prehospital-tool-for-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Joost Peters, Bas Van Wageningen, Nico Hoogerwerf, Edward Tan
Introduction Early identification of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is essential. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can be used in prehospital settings for non-invasive monitoring and the diagnosis of patients who may require surgical intervention. METHODS: The handheld NIRS Infrascanner (InfraScan Inc.; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania USA) uses eight symmetrical scan points to detect intracranial bleeding. A scanner was tested in a physician-staffed helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS)...
March 29, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336019/endotracheal-cuff-pressure-changes-during-helicopter-transport-a-systematic-review
#11
Ashleigh J Delorenzo, Matthew Shepherd, Paul A Jennings
OBJECTIVE: Cuff pressures are important in ventilated patients undergoing helicopter transport. An altitude-related increase in endotracheal tube (ETT) intracuff pressure has been shown in simulated hypobaric environments, model tracheas, and animal studies and may not accurately reflect in vivo pressures. The aim of this study was to determine if ETT intracuff pressure increases above the critical perfusion pressure of the trachea in ventilated patients during helicopter transport. METHODS: Ovid Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were searched from their commencement to January 29, 2016...
March 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336017/weather-webcam-system-for-the-safety-of-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-in-miyazaki-japan
#12
Katsuhiro Kanemaru, Robert Katzer, Syu Hanato, Koji Nakamura, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Hidenobu Ochiai
OBJECTIVE: In Japan, the helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) system was initiated in 2001 and introduced to Miyazaki Prefecture in 2012. Mountainous areas occupy 88% of Miyazaki's land area, and HEMS flights can be subject to the effects of weather. Therefore, ensuring safety in changing weather conditions is a necessity for HEMS. METHODS: The weather webcam system (WWS) was established to observe the meteorological conditions in 29 locations. Assessments of the probability of a flight based on conventional data including a weather chart provided by the Japan Meteorological Agency and meteorological reports provided by the Miyazaki Airport were compared with the assessment based on the combination of the information obtained from the WWS and the conventional data...
March 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336014/clinical-significance-of-fibrinogen-degradation-product-among-traumatized-patients
#13
Kouhei Ishikawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Kei Jitsuiki, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Hiroshi Ito, Katsuhito Shimoyama, Toru Fukunaga, Norikazu Urabe, Souichirou Kitamura, Youichi Yanagawa
OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively analyzed trauma patients who were transported by a physician-staffed helicopter (doctor helicopter) to investigate the clinical significance of the fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) level on arrival. METHODS: From February 2011 to July 2016, a medical chart review was retrospectively performed for all patients with trauma who were transported by the doctor helicopter. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: a survival group and a fatal group...
March 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329216/heart-mechanics-at-high-altitude-6%C3%A2-days-on-the-top-of-europe
#14
Claire Maufrais, Thomas Rupp, Pierre Bouzat, Gregory Doucende, Samuel Verges, Stéphane Nottin, Guillaume Walther
Aims: The aim of this study was to analyse the underlying mechanisms of left and right ventricular (LV and RV) functional alterations during several days in high-altitude hypoxia. Methods and results: Resting evaluations of LV and RV function and mechanics were assessed by Speckle Tracking Echocardiography on 11 subjects at sea level (SLPRE), 3 ± 2 h after helicopter transport to high altitude (D0), at day 2 (D2), day 4 (D4) and day 6 (D6) at 4350 m and 5 ± 2 h after return to sea level (SLPOST)...
December 22, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317095/evaluating-helicopter-emergency-medical-missions-a-reliability-study-of-the-hems-benefit-and-naca-scores
#15
L Raatiniemi, J Liisanantti, M Tommila, S Moilanen, P Ohtonen, M Martikainen, V Voipio, J Reitala, T Iirola
BACKGROUND: The benefits of the Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) and dispatch accuracy are continuously debated, and a widely accepted score to measure the benefits of the mission is lacking. The HEMS Benefit Score (HBS) has been used in Finnish helicopter emergency medical services, but studies are lacking. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) score is widely used to measure the severity of illness or injury in the pre-hospital setting, but it has many critics due to its subjectivity...
May 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291658/how-do-they-get-here-does-the-method-of-transportation-impact-salvage-for-patients-with-testicular-torsion
#16
D A Weiss, N Tsarouhas, M C Carr, A Kalmus, S A Zderic
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of patients are arriving at our tertiary care center for evaluation of possible testicular torsion using ambulance or helicopter transport. In many cases the parents arrive by car before the patient arrives. Are these advanced methods of medical transport worth the expense and risk in the case of suspected testicular torsion? OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the total number of patients presenting to our emergency room for suspected testicular torsion to see if the means of transport affected testicular survival...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275613/development-of-a-new-interfacility-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-transport-program-for-pediatric-lung-transplantation-evaluation
#17
REVIEW
W Joshua Frazier, Edward G Shepherd, Samantha W Gee
Pediatric lung transplantation is a life-saving intervention for children with irreversible end-stage lung disease. Access to transplant can be limited by geographic isolation from a center or the presence of comorbidities affecting transplant eligibility. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-supported patients are an uncommon but historically high-risk cohort of patients considered for lung transplant. We report the development of a service at our center to provide transport services to our hospital for patients unable to wean from ECMO support at their local institution for the purpose of evaluation for lung transplantation by our program...
February 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265455/the-prevalence-of-medical-symptoms-in-military-aircrew
#18
Barak Gordon, Yifat Erlich, Erez Carmon
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of medical symptoms in aviators has not been described in the medical literature. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was handed to all Israeli Air Force aviators who went through the routine yearly examination. Because only two women filled the questionnaire, we excluded them. The questionnaire contained a list of 49 symptoms and the aviators were asked to mark symptoms that were present in the last month before the examination as well as age, estimated weekly flying hours, military service status (reserve or career) and type of aircraft (jet-fighter, helicopter or transport)...
2017: Disaster and Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243016/a-second-analysis-of-patients-with-decompression-illness-transported-via-physician-staffed-emergency-helicopters
#19
Youichi Yanagawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Kouhei Ishikawa, Hiromichi Ohsaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231814/the-impact-of-a-physician-staffed-helicopter-on-outcome-in-patients-admitted-to-a-stroke-unit-a-prospective-observational-study
#20
Kamilia S Funder, Lars S Rasmussen, Nicolai Lohse, Rasmus Hesselfeldt, Volkert Siersma, Jesper Gyllenborg, Sandra Wulffeld, Ole M Hendriksen, Freddy K Lippert, Jacob Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: Transportation by helicopter may reduce time to hospital admission and improve outcome. We aimed to investigate the effect of transport mode on mortality, disability, and labour market affiliation in patients admitted to the stroke unit. METHODS: Prospective, observational study with 5.5 years of follow-up. We included patients admitted to the stroke unit the first three years after implementation of a helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) from a geographical area covered by both the HEMS and the ground emergency medical services (GEMS)...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
1133
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"