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disease arterial periphery guidelines

Kayla B Stefanidis, Christopher D Askew, Kim Greaves, Mathew J Summers
Cardiovascular disease is associated with increased risk for cognitive decline and dementia, but it is unclear whether this risk varies across disease states or occurs in the absence of symptomatic stroke. To examine the evidence of increased risk for cognitive decline and dementia following non-stroke cardiovascular disease we conducted two independent meta-analyses in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. The first review examined cardiovascular diagnoses (atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, periphery artery disease and myocardial infarction) while the second review assessed the impact of atherosclerotic burden (as indicated by degree of stenosis, calcification score, plaque morphology or number of plaques)...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
H Darius
The antithrombotic therapy in patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease is subject of several new therapeutic approaches. Simultaneous treatment with aspirin and a thienopyridin (clopidogrel) represents the standard of care for patients with acute coronary syndrome and following coronary stenting recommended by many guidelines. Without true evidence this drug combination is used for the prevention of arterial thrombosis in many other vascular interventions (e.g. carotid stenting, aortic stenting, peripherial arterial stents)...
2012: Hämostaseologie
Nicolas W Shammas
The incidence of restenosis after percutaneous peripheral interventions (PPI) varies considerably depending upon the vascular bed but appears to be highest in the femoropopliteal and tibioperoneal arteries. The restenosis process in the periphery does not appear to stop at the 6-month mark, as seen with bare metal stents in the coronary arteries, but continues for a longer time, possibly years, after the intervention. This review evaluates the incidence of restenosis following lower extremity arterial interventions and potential drugs or devices that could alter this process, including nonpharmacological (stents, cryoplasty, Cutting Balloon angioplasty, atherectomy, brachytherapy, and photodynamic therapy) and pharmacological (systemic and direct drug delivery) approaches...
February 2009: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Daniel Balvay, Irène Troprès, Romain Billet, Aurélie Joubert, Michel Péoc'h, Charles A Cuenod, Géraldine Le Duc
PURPOSE: To depict and analyze in vivo the tumor zone organization of C6 gliomas depicted on quantitative parametric maps obtained with dynamic contrast material-enhanced synchrotron radiation computed tomography (CT) in a tightly controlled data-processing protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Animal use was compliant with official French guidelines and was assessed by the local Internal Evaluation Committee for Animal Welfare and Rights. Fifteen Wistar rats with orthotopically implanted gliomas were studied at monochromatic synchrotron radiation CT after receiving a bolus injection of contrast material...
March 2009: Radiology
M Colombo
Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma depends largely on local resources, the stage of the disease and the presence of cirrhosis, but is limited overall by the lack of efficient chemotherapy. Hepatic resection is the treatment of choice for the few patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and normal liver. Five-year survival without recurrence in patients with a tumor of mean diameter 8 cm was 33%. Liver transplantation is the best chance for cure in patients with cirrhosis and a single small tumor, but its widespread application is limited by a number of obstacles, including cost...
January 2001: Hepato-gastroenterology
W J Sibbald
Myocardial performance in critically ill patients is primarily responsive to the need to supply O2 to the periphery. An increase in CO is the common finding in an acute illness characterized by an increase in systemic VO2 (for example, sepsis and trauma), since acute variations in flow are the most efficacious mode of augmenting systemic O2t to match the VO2. The lower systemic VO2 of a patient with an acute cardiac illness explains why the CO in this disease is not as elevated as that found in the acutely ill patient with sepsis or trauma...
August 1985: Surgical Clinics of North America
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