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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331284/effects-of-an-experimental-heat-wave-on-fatty-acid-composition-in-two-mediterranean-seagrass-species
#1
Pedro Beca-Carretero, Freddy Guihéneuf, Lázaro Marín-Guirao, Jaime Bernardeau-Esteller, Rocío García-Muñoz, Dagmar B Stengel, Juan M Ruiz
Global warming is emerging as one of the most critical threats to terrestrial and marine species worldwide. This study assessed the effects of simulated warming events in culture on two seagrass species, Posidonia oceanica and Cymodocea nodosa, which play a key role in coastal ecosystems of the Mediterranean Sea. Changes in fatty acids as key metabolic indicators were assessed in specimens from two geographical populations of each species adapted to different in situ temperature regimes. Total fatty acid (TFA) content and composition were compared in C...
January 10, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330610/nutrition-delivery-of-a-model-based-icu-glycaemic-control-system
#2
Kent W Stewart, J Geoffrey Chase, Christopher G Pretty, Geoffrey M Shaw
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycaemia is commonplace in the adult intensive care unit (ICU), associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Effective glycaemic control (GC) can reduce morbidity and mortality, but has proven difficult. STAR is a proven, effective model-based ICU GC protocol that uniquely maintains normo-glycaemia by changing both insulin and nutrition interventions to maximise nutrition in the context of GC in the 4.4-8.0 mmol/L range. Hence, the level of nutrition it provides is a time-varying estimate of the patient-specific ability to take up glucose...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329213/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-association-between-infant-hepatitis-b-vaccine-exposure-in-boys-and-the-risk-of-adverse-effects-as-measured-by-receipt-of-special-education-services
#3
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
The National Center for Education Statistics reported that between 1990-2005 the number of children receiving special education services (SES) rose significantly, and then, from 2004-2012, the number declined significantly. This coincided with the introduction of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine in 1991, and the subsequent introduction of Thimerosal-reduced hepatitis B vaccine in the early 2000s. This study examined the potential relationship between infant exposure to mercury from three doses of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine and the risk of boys being adversely affected (as measured by receipt of SES)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325892/added-sugar-intake-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2012
#4
Catherine E Cioffi, Janet Figueroa, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: Despite associations of dietary added sugar with excess weight gain and chronic disease risk, intake among most Americans exceeds the recommended limits (<10% total energy). Maternal diet plays an important role in pregnancy-related outcomes, but little is known about the extent of added sugar intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess intake and identify the top sources of added sugars in the diets of pregnant vs nonpregnant women in the United States...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324977/maternal-metabolic-immune-and-microbial-systems-in-late-pregnancy-vary-with-malnutrition-in-mice
#5
Kristin L Connor, Christel Chehoud, Adam Altrichter, Luisa Chan, Todd Z DeSantis, Stephen J Lye
Malnutrition is a global threat to pregnancy health and impacts offspring development. Establishing an optimal pregnancy environment requires the coordination of maternal metabolic and immune pathways, which converge at the gut. Diet, metabolic and immune dysfunctions have been associated with gut dysbiosis in the non-pregnant individual. In pregnancy, these states are associated with poor pregnancy outcomes and offspring development. However, the impact of malnutrition on maternal gut microbes, and their relationships with maternal metabolic and immune status, has been largely underexplored...
January 9, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323423/enteral-feeding-tube-clogging-what-are-the-causes-and-what-are-the-answers-a-bench-top-analysis
#6
Christopher M Garrison
BACKGROUND: Clogged enteral feeding tubes remain a significant barrier to the delivery of nutrition, hydration, and medications to patients who cannot tolerate oral intake. There is limited research that compares the relative efficacy of different methods used to clear a clogged feeding tube. The objectives of this study were to better understand the factors that contribute to enteral feeding tube clogging and to test the efficacy of 3 methods for clearing clogged feeding tubes. METHODS: Three formulations of clogs were artificially created and tested in vitro and composed of various quantities of crushed medication (ie, aspirin) and 0...
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321685/physical-activity-and-diet-on-atherogenic-index-of-plasma-among-adults-in-the-united-states-mediation-considerations-by-central-adiposity
#7
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The potential interactive or combined association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and dietary behavior with atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) has yet to be explored in a representative sample of US adults. Thus, the study aim was to examine the association of MVPA and dietary behavior on AIP, with potential mediation considerations by central adiposity. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used (N = 2701 adults aged 20-85 years)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319509/prevalence-influencing-factors-antibiotic-resistance-toxin-and-molecular-characteristics-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-mrsa-nasal-carriage-among-diabetic-population-in-the-united-states-2001-2004
#8
Jialing Lin, Yang Peng, Chan Bai, Ting Zhang, Haoqu Zheng, Xiaojie Wang, Jiaping Ye, Xiaohua Ye, Ying Li, Zhenjiang Yao
Diabetic population were reported more likely to suffer carriage and infection with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) than non-diabetic population. We aim to elucidate the prevalence and characteristics of S. aureus and MRSA nasal carriage among diabetic population in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004. Univariate analyses were conducted using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact probability test or student t test, as appropriate...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317004/superstorm-sandy-s-impact-on-the-provision-of-wic-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-services-in-new-york-state
#9
Michelle Wemette, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie R Mack, Yunshu Li, Millicent Eidson, Loretta A Santilli, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: Services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were interrupted in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy struck New York State (NYS). The present study evaluates the impact on WIC providers. DESIGN: A focus group, telephone interviews and anonymous online survey were conducted. Qualitative data were analysed by coding transcribed text into key words and identifying major and minor themes for strengths, challenges and recommendations using national public health preparedness capabilities...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315892/effects-of-fasted-vs-fed-state-exercise-on-performance-and-post-exercise-metabolism-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Tom P Aird, Robert W Davies, Brian P Carson
The effects of nutrition on exercise metabolism and performance remains an important topic among sports scientists, clinical, and athletic populations. Recently, fasted exercise has garnered interest as a beneficial stimulus which induces superior metabolic adaptations to fed exercise in key peripheral tissues. Conversely, pre-exercise feeding augments exercise performance compared with fasting conditions. Given these seemingly divergent effects on performance and metabolism, an appraisal of the literature is warranted...
January 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315762/effect-of-apoptosis-associated-speck-like-protein-containing-a-caspase-recruitment-domain-on-vaccine-efficacy-overcoming-the-effects-of-its-deficiency-with-aluminum-hydroxide-adjuvant
#11
Deuk-Ki Lee, Eun-Young Lee, Ryoon-Ho Kim, Hye-Won Kwak, Joo Young Kim, Hun Kim, Kyung-Won Kang, Sang-Myeong Lee, Jong-Hwan Park, Jun Chang, Jae-Hwan Nam
Host factors such as nutritional status and immune cell state are important for vaccine efficacy. Inflammasome activation may be important for triggering vaccine-induced humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. Formulations with alum as a typical adjuvant to overcome the effects of host factors have recently been shown to induce inflammasome activation, which augments vaccine efficacy. Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) is one of main components of inflammasomes, but it is not clear whether ASC affects the vaccine-induced immune response...
January 8, 2018: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315161/using-quality-improvement-to-increase-utilization-of-enteral-therapy-in-pediatric-crohn-disease-results-and-outcomes
#12
Ala K Shaikhkhalil, Brendan Boyle, Jennifer Smith, Jennifer L Dotson, Amy Donegan, Sandra C Kim, Ross M Maltz, Wallace Crandall
INTRODUCTION: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) for induction of remission in children with Crohn's disease (CD) is recommended as first line therapy, but underutilized in the United States related to real and perceived barriers. We hypothesized that quality improvement (QI) methodology could increase use of EEN. METHODS: We developed, implemented, and revised an algorithm and a set of tools to facilitate use of EEN. Through a series of Plan Do Study Act cycles, the approach was modified to overcome provider and patient/family barriers...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314866/spearmint-extract-improves-working-memory-in-men-and-women-with-age-associated-memory-impairment
#13
Kelli A Herrlinger, Kristin M Nieman, Kristen D Sanoshy, Brenda A Fonseca, Joanne A Lasrado, Arianne L Schild, Kevin C Maki, Keith A Wesnes, Michael A Ceddia
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of supplementation with a spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) extract, high in polyphenols including rosmarinic acid, on cognitive performance, sleep, and mood in individuals with age-associated memory impairment (AAMI). DESIGN: Subjects with AAMI (N = 90; 67% female; age = 59.4 ± 0.6 years) were randomly assigned (n = 30/group) to consume 900, 600, or 0 mg/day (two capsules, once daily) spearmint extract for 90 days, in this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313445/body-composition-metabolism-sleep-psychological-and-eating-patterns-of-overtraining-syndrome-results-of-the-eros-study-eros-profile
#14
Flavio A Cadegiani, Claudio E Kater
Overtraining syndrome (OTS) is caused by an imbalance between training, nutrition and resting, and leads to decreased performance and fatigue; however, the precise underlying triggers of OTS remain unclear. This study investigated the body composition, metabolism, eating, sleeping patterns and mood states among participants with OTS. Selected participants were divided into OTS-affected athletes (OTS, n = 14), healthy athletes (ATL, n = 25), and healthy non-physically active controls (NCS, n = 12). Compared to ATL, OTS showed decreased sleep quality (p = 0...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310435/exploring-the-underlying-mechanisms-of-xenopus-laevis-embryonic-cell-cycle
#15
Kun Zhang, Jin Wang
Cell cycle is an indispensable process in the proliferation and development. Despite significant efforts, global quantification and physical understanding are still challenging. In this study, we explored the mechanisms of Xenopus laevis embryonic cell cycle by quantifying the underlying landscape and flux. We uncovered the Mexican hat landscape of the Xenopus laevis embryonic cell cycle with several local basins and barriers on the oscillation path. The local basins characterize the different phases of Xenopus laevis embryonic cell cycle and the local barriers represent the checkpoints...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304856/association-between-lifestyle-factors-and-suboptimal-health-status-among-chinese-college-freshmen-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Chenjin Ma, Wangli Xu, Long Zhou, Shuangge Ma, Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal health status (SHS) is the third state between good health and disease. SHS is the clinical or pre-disease status of psychosomatic disease and a major global public health challenge. Although its underlying causes remain unclear, lifestyle is one of the most important factors affecting health status. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at Renmin University of China in September of 2015. Data were collected from college freshmen using a questionnaire covering characteristics, lifestyle, nutrition status, and health status...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303150/cigarette-smoking-and-glaucoma-in-the-united-states-population
#17
S M Law, X Lu, F Yu, V Tseng, S K Law, A L Coleman
PurposeTo evaluate the association between cigarette smoking and glaucoma in the United States population.Patients and methodsUS civilian, non-institutionalized population from 2005 to 2008 administrations of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey that were ≥40 years of age with visual fields and optic disc photographs were included. Diagnosis of glaucoma was based on the Rotterdam criteria. Logistic regression modeling was performed to assess the association between glaucoma and smoking history, while controlling for age, gender, ethnicity, household income, alcohol consumption, diabetes, and hypertension...
January 5, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302261/how-to-approach-feeding-difficulties-in-young-children
#18
REVIEW
Hye Ran Yang
Feeding is an interaction between a child and caregiver, and feeding difficulty is an umbrella term encompassing all feeding problems, regardless of etiology, severity, or consequences, while feeding disorder refers to an inability or refusal to eat sufficient quantities or variety of food to maintain adequate nutritional status, leading to substantial consequences, including malnutrition, impaired growth, and possible neurocognitive dysfunction. There are 6 representative feeding disorder subtypes in young children: infantile anorexia, sensory food aversion, reciprocity, posttraumatic type, state regulation, and feeding disorders associated with concurrent medical conditions...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300694/availability-and-cost-of-healthy-foods-in-a-large-american-indian-community-in-the-north-central-united-states
#19
Amanda M Fretts, Corrine Huber, Lyle G Best, Marcia O'Leary, Laurel LeBeau, Barbara V Howard, David S Siscovick, Shirley A Beresford
To understand the local food environment in a rural American Indian community, we assessed the availability and price of healthy foods offered at all stores (n = 27) within a 90-mile radius of the town center of a large American Indian reservation. Stores were classified by type, and availability and cost of foods were measured using the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores (January-February 2016). Healthy foods were available at most grocery stores (>97%), although the price of foods varied considerably among stores...
January 4, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300434/postprandial-metabolic-responses-differ-by-age-group-and-physical-activity-level
#20
S R Emerson, S P Kurti, E M Emerson, B J Cull, K Casey, M D Haub, S K Rosenkranz
OBJECTIVES: To compare the postprandial metabolic responses to a high-fat meal in healthy adults who differ by age and physical activity level. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, quasi-experimental design. SETTING: Physical Activity and Nutrition Clinical Research Consortium (PAN-CRC) at Kansas State University (Manhattan, KS, USA). PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two healthy adults: 8 younger active (YA) adults (4M/4W; 25 ± 5 yr), 8 older active (OA) adults (4M/4W; 67 ± 5 yr), and 6 older inactive (OI) adults (3M/3W; 68 ± 7 yr)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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