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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727015/triennial-growth-and-development-symposium-molecular-mechanisms-related-to-bovine-intramuscular-fat-deposition-in-the-longissimus-muscle
#1
M Baik, H J Kang, S J Park, S W Na, M Piao, S Y Kim, D M Fassah, Y S Moon
The intramuscular fat (IMF) content of the LM, also known as marbling, is particularly important in determining the price of beef in Korea, Japan, and the United States. Deposition of IMF is influenced by both genetic (e.g., breed, gender, and genotype) and nongenetic factors (e.g., castration, nutrition, stressors, animal weight, and age). Castration of bulls markedly increases deposition of IMF, resulting in improved beef quality. Here, we present a comparative gene expression approach between bulls and steers...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725198/3d-reconstruction-of-the-digestive-system-in-octopus-vulgaris-cuvier-1797-embryos-and-paralarvae-during-the-first-month-of-life
#2
Raquel Fernández-Gago, Martin Heß, Heidemarie Gensler, Francisco Rocha
Octopus vulgaris aquaculture is limited due to poor biological knowledge of the paralarval stages (e.g., digestive system functionality), their nutritional requirements (e.g., adequate live diet) and standardization of rearing techniques. These factors are important in explaining the high mortality rate observed in this developmental stage under culture conditions. For a better understanding of nutrition biology of this species, we investigated the 3D microanatomy of the digestive tract of the embryo and paralarvae during the first month of life...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723186/ingestible-sensors
#3
Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Nam Ha, Jian Zhen Ou, Kyle J Berean
Ingestible sensing capsules are fast emerging as a critical technology that has the ability to greatly impact health, nutrition, and clinical areas. These ingestible devices are noninvasive and hence are very attractive for customers. With widespread access to smart phones connected to the Internet, the data produced by this technology can be readily seen and reviewed online, and accessed by both users and physicians. The outputs provide invaluable information to reveal the state of gut health and disorders as well as the impact of food, medical supplements, and environmental changes on the gastrointestinal tract...
April 28, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721957/nutritional-status-of-mid-day-meal-programme-beneficiaries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-primary-schoolchildren-in-kottayam-district-kerala-india
#4
Rajeev Jayalakshmi, Vinoda Thulaseedharan Jissa
BACKGROUND: The efficiency of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) Programme in India to ensure the optimum nutritional status of its beneficiaries is rarely studied. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the nutritional status of 6-10-year-old schoolchildren who were the beneficiaries of MDM and the child-related factors affecting their nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 322 children from 12 randomly selected primary schools in one block panchayat of Kerala state...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721115/online-nutrition-and-t2dm-continuing-medical-education-course-launched-on-state-level-medical-association
#5
Kristen K Hicks, Peter S Murano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research study was to determine whether a 1-hour online continuing medical education (CME) course focused on nutrition for type 2 diabetes would result in a gain in nutrition knowledge by practicing physicians. METHODS: A practicing physician and dietitian collaborated to develop an online CME course (both webinar and self-study versions) on type 2 diabetes. This 1-hour accredited course was launched through the state-level medical association's education library, available to all physicians...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720140/a-mixed-methods-protocol-for-developing-and-testing-implementation-strategies-for-evidence-based-obesity-prevention-in-childcare-a-cluster-randomized-hybrid-type-iii-trial
#6
Taren Swindle, Susan L Johnson, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Geoffrey M Curran
BACKGROUND: Despite the potential to reach at-risk children in childcare, there is a significant gap between current practices and evidence-based obesity prevention in this setting. There are few investigations of the impact of implementation strategies on the uptake of evidence-based practices (EBPs) for obesity prevention and nutrition promotion. This study protocol describes a three-phase approach to developing and testing implementation strategies to support uptake of EBPs for obesity prevention practices in childcare (i...
July 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718179/genetic-alterations-in-pendrin-slc26a4-gene-in-adult-hypothyroid-patients
#7
Sourav Mukherjee, Manalee Guha, Bidisha Adhikary, Biswabandhu Bankura, Pubali Mitra, Subhankar Chowdhury, Madhusudan Das
Current study was aimed to screen the SLC26A4 gene in 127 nonautoimmune and noncongenital hypothyroid patients, who were under optimal iodine nutrition and devoid of any characteristics of Pendred syndrome from eastern part of Indian population. 8 single nucleotide variants/mutations were identified in heterozygous state in 20% patient population, which include 1 novel nonsynonymous (p.C18S), 1 novel intronic (g.942C>A), 3 known nonsynonymous (p.S23X, p.V239D, and p.I455F), and 3 known intronic (g.23034G>T, g...
July 17, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717367/cells-of-human-breast-milk
#8
REVIEW
Malgorzata Witkowska-Zimny, Ewa Kaminska-El-Hassan
Human milk is a complex fluid that has developed to satisfy the nutritional requirements of infants. In addition to proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and other biologically active components, breast milk contains a diverse microbiome that is presumed to colonize the infant gastrointestinal tract and a heterogeneous population of cells with unclear physiological roles and health implications. Noteworthy cellular components of breast milk include progenitor/stem cells. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge of breast milk cells, including leukocytes, epithelial cells, stem cells and potentially probiotic bacteria...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715656/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-ziway-dugda-district-arsi-zone-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia
#9
Abebe Ferede, Firaol Lemessa, Mesfin Tafa, Solomon Sisay
OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutrition is an important factor to determine the health and well-being of women, children and society as a whole. Although various nutritional policies were formulated and aimed at reducing malnutrition at the global level, the magnitude of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5 kg/m(2)) among women remained between 10% and 40% in most low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and to identify the associated risk factors among women of reproductive age...
July 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715295/prevalence-of-home-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition-in-the-united-states
#10
Manpreet S Mundi, Adele Pattinson, Megan T McMahon, Jacob Davidson, Ryan T Hurt
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent and associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Studies continue to reveal significant clinical benefits with nutrition support, including improved wound healing, reduction in complications and length of stay, and mortality. Due to these benefits, the prevalence of home parenteral and enteral nutrition (HPEN) continues to increase worldwide. In the United States, given our healthcare insurance landscape, it has been very difficult to ascertain the true prevalence of HPEN...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715062/gestational-weight-gain-historical-evolution-of-a-contested-health-outcome
#11
Edmond D Shenassa, Celena Kinsey, Marian Moser Jones, Jenifer Fahey
The history of research on gestational weight gain (GWG) in the United States and United Kingdom provides a context for current clinical practice. We trace the evolution of research on GWG in scientific literature from the 19th century to the present and examine its implications for contemporary clinical and public health practice. Obstetricians, beginning in the late 1800s, recommended dieting during pregnancy in order to limit GWG to 20 lb or less, driven by a belief that excessive weight gain was a cause of toxemia...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714931/correlation-between-oxidative-stress-nutrition-and-cancer-initiation
#12
REVIEW
Subbroto Kumar Saha, Soo Bin Lee, Jihye Won, Hye Yeon Choi, Kyeongseok Kim, Gwang-Mo Yang, Ahmed Abdal Dayem, Ssang-Goo Cho
Inadequate or excessive nutrient consumption leads to oxidative stress, which may disrupt oxidative homeostasis, activate a cascade of molecular pathways, and alter the metabolic status of various tissues. Several foods and consumption patterns have been associated with various cancers and approximately 30-35% of the cancer cases are correlated with overnutrition or malnutrition. However, several contradictory studies are available regarding the association between diet and cancer risk, which remains to be elucidated...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714831/improving-the-quality-of-nutrition-in-pediatric-trauma
#13
Alice Wang, Helena Pelletier, Diana Calligan, Angela Coates, Karen Allison Bailey
Purpose Nutrition plays a key role in the recovery of pediatric trauma patients. A catabolic state in trauma patients may hinder recovery and inadequate nutrition may increase morbidity, mortality and length of hospital stay. The purpose of this paper is to review the current nutrition support practices for pediatric trauma patients at McMaster Children's Hospital (MCH), describe patient demographics and identify areas to improve the quality of patient care. Design/methodology/approach A retrospective chart review was conducted on pediatric trauma patients (age<18 years) identified through the trauma registry of MCH...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713382/recent-advances-on-nutrition-in-treatment-of-acute-pancreatitis
#14
REVIEW
Li-Long Pan, Jiahong Li, Muhammad Shamoon, Madhav Bhatia, Jia Sun
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common abdominal acute inflammatory disorder and the leading cause of hospital admission for gastrointestinal disorders in many countries. Clinical manifestations of AP vary from self-limiting local inflammation to devastating systemic pathological conditions causing significant morbidity and mortality. To date, despite extensive efforts in translating promising experimental therapeutic targets in clinical trials, disease-specific effective remedy remains obscure, and supportive care has still been the primary treatment for this disease...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710366/mirnas-in-the-alga-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii-are-not-phylogenetically-conserved-and-play-a-limited-role-in-responses-to-nutrient-deprivation
#15
Adam Voshall, Eun-Jeong Kim, Xinrong Ma, Tomohito Yamasaki, Etsuko N Moriyama, Heriberto Cerutti
The unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii contains many types of small RNAs (sRNAs) but the biological role(s) of bona fide microRNAs (miRNAs) remains unclear. To address their possible function(s) in responses to nutrient availability, we examined miRNA expression in cells cultured under different trophic conditions (mixotrophic in the presence of acetate or photoautotrophic in the presence or absence of nitrogen). We also reanalyzed miRNA expression data in Chlamydomonas subject to sulfur or phosphate deprivation...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710289/nutritional-modulation-of-metabolic-inflammation
#16
REVIEW
Anna M Kirwan, Yvonne M Lenighan, Marcella E O'Reilly, Fiona C McGillicuddy, Helen M Roche
Metabolic inflammation is a very topical area of research, wherein aberrations in metabolic and inflammatory pathways probably contribute to atherosclerosis, insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes. Metabolic insults arising from obesity promote inflammation, which in turn impedes insulin signalling and reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). Key cells in the process are metabolically activated macrophages, which up-regulate both pro- and anti-inflammatory pathways in response to lipid spillover from adipocytes...
July 14, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707980/extranuclear-sirtuins-and-metabolic-stress
#17
Mahmoud Sobhy Elkhwanky, Jukka Hakkola
SIGNIFICANCE: Extranuclear sirtuins in cytosol (SIRT2) and mitochondria (SIRT3, SIRT4 and SIRT5) are key regulators of metabolic enzymes and the antioxidative defense mechanisms. They play an important role in the adjustment of metabolic pathways in alterations of the nutritional status. Recent Advances: Recent studies have shown that in addition to lysine deacetylation, sirtuins catalyze several different lysine deacylation reactions, removal of lipid modifications and ADP-ribosylation...
July 14, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706778/evaluation-of-healthy2go-a-country-store-transformation-project-to-improve-the-food-environment-and-consumer-choices-in-appalachian-kentucky
#18
Joshua A Rushakoff, Daniel E Zoughbie, Nancy Bui, Katerina DeVito, Leila Makarechi, Hitomi Kubo
Rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes in Kentucky's Cumberland Valley region are among the highest in the United States and limited access to healthy food contributes to these epidemics. The aim of Healthy2Go (H2G), a country store transformation project launched by Spread the Health Appalachia (STHA), was to improve awareness and availability of healthy options in small, rural stores. Ten country stores participated in H2G and received training and technical assistance to increase availability and awareness of healthy foods...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706091/predict-cp-study-protocol-of-implementation-of-comprehensive-surveillance-to-predict-outcomes-for-school-aged-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Roslyn N Boyd, Peter Sw Davies, Jenny Ziviani, Stewart Trost, Lee Barber, Robert Ware, Stephen Rose, Koa Whittingham, Leanne Sakzewski, Kristie Bell, Christopher Carty, Steven Obst, Katherine Benfer, Sarah Reedman, Priya Edwards, Megan Kentish, Lisa Copeland, Kelly Weir, Camilla Davenport, Denise Brooks, Alan Coulthard, Rebecca Pelekanos, Andrea Guzzetta, Simona Fiori, Meredith Wynter, Christine Finn, Andrea Burgess, Kym Morris, John Walsh, Owen Lloyd, Jennifer A Whitty, Paul A Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral palsy (CP) remains the world's most common childhood physical disability with total annual costs of care and lost well-being of $A3.87b. The PREDICT-CP (NHMRC 1077257 Partnership Project: Comprehensive surveillance to PREDICT outcomes for school age children with CP) study will investigate the influence of brain structure, body composition, dietary intake, oropharyngeal function, habitual physical activity, musculoskeletal development (hip status, bone health) and muscle performance on motor attainment, cognition, executive function, communication, participation, quality of life and related health resource use costs...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704944/sphenostylis-stenocarpa-ex-a-rich-harms-a-fading-genetic-resource-in-a-changing-climate-prerequisite-for-conservation-and-sustainability
#20
Catherine Veronica Nnamani, Sunday Adesola Ajayi, Happiness Ogba Oselebe, Christopher John Atkinson, Anastasia Ngozi Igboabuchi, Eucharia Chizoba Ezigbo
The southeastern part of Nigeria is one of the major hotspots of useful plant genetic resources. These endemic species are associated with a rich indigenous knowledge and cultural diversity in relation to their use and conservation. Sphenostylis stenocarpa (ex. A. Rich.) Harms., (African Yam Bean (AYB)), is one such crop within the family of Fabaceae. Its nutritional and eco-friendly characteristics have value in ameliorating malnutrition, hidden hunger and environmental degradation inherent in resource-poor rural and semi-rural communities throughout Africa...
July 12, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
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