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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161210/index-use-of-smoflipid-in-a-tertiary-intestinal-rehabilitation-and-transplantation-program
#1
Kwai Lam, Thomas Schiano, Maria Isabel Fiel, Kishore Iyer
Long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) may be complicated by PN-associated liver disease (PNALD), and some studies suggest an association between the use of soy-based fat emulsions and PNALD development. Patients' liver function typically improves and PNALD resolves after reducing or stopping a soy-based fat emulsion, and thus lipid minimization has been the primary strategy for managing PNALD in many intestinal rehabilitation programs. However, fat emulsions often cannot be stopped entirely, leading some patients to develop PNALD even after lipid reduction strategies have been implemented...
November 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158661/policy-system-and-environmental-correlates-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-a-low-income-african-american-population-in-the-southeast
#2
Lori Brand Bateman, LaToya J O'Neal, Theolishia Smith, Yufeng Li, Theresa A Wynn, Chen Dai, Mona N Fouad
Objective: The current study seeks to identify policy, system and environmental (PSE) correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption among a sample of low-income African Americans in two counties in Alabama (Jefferson and Mobile) and one county in Mississippi (Forrest). Design: A modified Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFFS) survey, which included multi-level ecological factors, was used to evaluate nutritional habits at the pre-intervention stage of a multi-state research study...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158383/optimal-nutrient-exchange-and-immune-responses-operate-in-partner-specificity-in-the-cnidarian-dinoflagellate-symbiosis
#3
Jennifer L Matthews, Camerron M Crowder, Clinton A Oakley, Adrian Lutz, Ute Roessner, Eli Meyer, Arthur R Grossman, Virginia M Weis, Simon K Davy
The relationship between reef-building corals and phototrophic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium is fundamental to the functioning of coral reef ecosystems. It has been suggested that reef corals may adapt to climate change by changing their dominant symbiont type to a more thermally tolerant one, although the capacity for such a community shift is potentially hindered by the compatibility of different host-symbiont pairings. Here we combined transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses to characterize the molecular, cellular, and physiological processes that underlie this compatibility, with a particular focus on Symbiodinium trenchii, an opportunistic, thermally tolerant symbiont that flourishes in coral tissues after bleaching events...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157494/plant-metabolism-as-studied-by-nmr-spectroscopy
#4
REVIEW
Catherine Deborde, Annick Moing, Léa Roch, Daniel Jacob, Dominique Rolin, Patrick Giraudeau
The study of plant metabolism impacts a broad range of domains such as plant cultural practices, plant breeding, human or animal nutrition, phytochemistry and green biotechnologies. Plant metabolites are extremely diverse in terms of structure or compound families as well as concentrations. This review attempts to illustrate how NMR spectroscopy, with its broad variety of experimental approaches, has contributed widely to the study of plant primary or specialized metabolism in very diverse ways. The review presents recent developments of one-dimensional and multi-dimensional NMR methods to study various aspects of plant metabolism...
November 2017: Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157488/l%C3%A2-hypophyse-et-ses-traitements-comment-peuvent-ils-influer-sur-le-comportement-the-pituitary-and-its-treatments-how-can-they-influence-behaviour
#5
C Mouly, F Borson-Chazot, P Caron
Behaviour may be influenced by pituitary hormones or treatments. Dopamine agonist (DA) indicated in prolactinomas treatment can cause side effects, and especially impulse control disorders. In the context of prolactinomas treatment, impulse control disorders (ICD) have been reported like gambling, compulsive shopping, but mostly hypersexuality. These ICD can occur with low AD doses, and seem to be independent of type of molecule and psychiatric medical history. The main pathophysiologic hypothesis is a dysregulation of dopaminergic pathway involved in reward system...
October 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156936/-nutrition-and-immune-system-disorders
#6
Bricia López Plaza, Laura María Bermejo López
INTRODUCTION: Energy and nutrients obtained through food play an important role in the development and preservation of the immune system therefore any nutritional imbalance affects its competence and integrity. OBJECTIVES: Knowing the nutritional approach on different disorders of the immune system. METHODS: A review has been carried out on the most prevalent immunological disorders in developed countries, the nutritional characteristics to which they are associated and their nutritional approach...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156548/patient-provider-communication-and-counseling-about-gestational-weight-gain-and-physical-activity-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-latinas-pregnant-with-their-first-child
#7
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Marcia M Tavares Machado, Gabriela P De Andrade
Latina women in the United States (U.S.) are disproportionately affected by obesity and are more likely to begin pregnancy overweight and gain excessive weight during pregnancy. The prenatal care period represents a window of opportunity for women to access the healthcare system and receive preventive services, education, nutritional support, and other social services to improve pregnancy outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) has numerous negative short- and long-term consequences for both the mother and newborn...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155689/prevalence-of-obesity-among-adults-and-youth-united-states-2015-2016
#8
Craig M Hales, Margaret D Carroll, Cheryl D Fryar, Cynthia L Ogden
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● In 2015-2016, the prevalence of obesity was 39.8% in adults and 18.5% in youth. ● The prevalence of obesity was higher among middle-aged adults (42.8%) than among younger adults (35.7%). ● The prevalence of obesity was higher among youth aged 6-11 years (18.4%) and adolescents aged 12-19 years (20.6%) compared with children aged 2-5 years (13.9%). ● The overall prevalence of obesity was higher among non-Hispanic black and Hispanic adults than among non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic Asian adults...
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155686/total-and-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-adults-united-states-2015-2016
#9
Margaret D Carroll, Cheryl D Fryar, Duong T Nguyen
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● In 2015-2016, 12.4% of adults had high total cholesterol. ● High total cholesterol prevalence was higher in men aged 40-59 than in those aged 20-39 and 60 and over. In women, prevalence was higher in those aged 40-59 and 60 and over than in those aged 20-39. ● About 18.0% of adults (28.5% of men and 8.9% of women) had low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. ● In men and women, low HDL cholesterol prevalence was higher in Hispanic adults than in non-Hispanic white, black, and Asian adults...
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155682/hypertension-prevalence-and-control-among-adults-united-states-2015-2016
#10
Cheryl D Fryar, Yechiam Ostchega, Craig M Hales, Guangyu Zhang, Deanna Kruszon-Moran
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● During 2015-2016, the prevalence of hypertension was 29.0% and increased with age: age group 18-39, 7.5%; 40-59, 33.2%; and 60 and over, 63.1%. ● Hypertension prevalence was higher among non-Hispanic black (40.3%) than non-Hispanic white (27.8%), non-Hispanic Asian (25.0%), or Hispanic (27.8%) adults. ● Prevalence of controlled hypertension was 48.3% and increased with age for men but not women. ● Hypertension control was higher among non-Hispanic white (50...
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155679/antidepressant-use-among-persons-aged-12-and-over-united-states-2011-2014
#11
Laura A Pratt, Debra J Brody, Qiuping Gu
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● During 2011-2014, 12.7% of persons aged 12 and over, 8.6% of males, and 16.5% of females took antidepressant medication in the past month. ● For both males and females, non-Hispanic white persons were more likely to take antidepressant medication compared with those of other race and Hispanic-origin groups. ● One-fourth of persons who took antidepressant medication had done so for 10 years or more. ● Antidepressant use increased from 1999 to 2014...
August 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155253/the-association-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-immediate-postoperative-outcomes-following-lumbar-fusion
#12
Joseph E Tanenbaum, Stephanie T Kha, Edward C Benzel, Michael P Steinmetz, Thomas E Mroz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The United States Centers for Disease Control estimates the prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at over 3.1 million people. As diagnostic techniques and treatment options for IBD improve, the prevalence of IBD is expected to increase. For spine surgeons, patients with IBD have a unique complication profile because IBD patients may present with poor nutritional status and because the medications used to manage IBD have been associated with poor vertebral bone mineralization and immunosuppression...
November 15, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155223/multilevel-model-to-estimate-county-level-untreated-dental-caries-among-us-children-aged-6-9years-using-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#13
Mei Lin, Xingyou Zhang, James B Holt, Valerie Robison, Chien-Hsun Li, Susan O Griffin
Because conducting population-based oral health screening is resource intensive, oral health data at small-area levels (e.g., county-level) are not commonly available. We applied the multilevel logistic regression and poststratification method to estimate county-level prevalence of untreated dental caries among children aged 6-9years in the United States using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2010 linked with various area-level data at census tract, county and state levels...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155136/adipose-tissue-and-reproductive-health
#14
REVIEW
Hannah Mathew, V Daniel Castracane, Christos Mantzoros
The understanding of adipose tissue role has evolved from that of a depot energy storage organ to a dynamic endocrine organ. While genetics, sexual phenotype and sex steroids can impact the mass and distribution of adipose tissue, there is a counter-influence of white adipocytes on reproduction. This primarily occurs via the secretion of adipokines, the most studied of which- leptin and adiponectin- are highlighted in this article. Leptin, the "satiety hormone" primarily acts on the hypothalamus via pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) NPY neurons to translate acute changes in nutrition and energy expenditure, as well as chronic adipose accumulation into changes in appetite and potentially mediate insulin resistance via shared pathway and notably impacting reproductive health via influence on GnRH secreting neurons...
November 16, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153182/a-100-year-review-cheese-production-and-quality
#15
M E Johnson
In the beginning, cheese making in the United States was all art, but embracing science and technology was necessary to make progress in producing a higher quality cheese. Traditional cheese making could not keep up with the demand for cheese, and the development of the factory system was necessary. Cheese quality suffered because of poor-quality milk, but 3 major innovations changed that: refrigeration, commercial starters, and the use of pasteurized milk for cheese making. Although by all accounts cold storage improved cheese quality, it was the improvement of milk quality, pasteurization of milk, and the use of reliable cultures for fermentation that had the biggest effect...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153179/a-100-year-review-a-century-of-dairy-processing-advancements-pasteurization-cleaning-and-sanitation-and-sanitary-equipment-design
#16
S A Rankin, R L Bradley, G Miller, K B Mildenhall
Over the past century, advancements within the mainstream dairy foods processing industry have acted in complement with other dairy-affiliated industries to produce a human food that has few rivals with regard to safety, nutrition, and sustainability. These advancements, such as milk pasteurization, may appear commonplace in the context of a modern dairy processing plant, but some consideration of how these advancements came into being serve as a basis for considering what advancements will come to bear on the next century of processing advancements...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153160/a-100-year-review-calf-nutrition-and-management
#17
A F Kertz, T M Hill, J D Quigley, A J Heinrichs, J G Linn, J K Drackley
The first calf paper, published in the May 1919 issue of the Journal of Dairy Science (JDS), described factors affecting birth body weight of different breeds of calves. Other studies were done on nonmilk ingredients, growth charts were developed, and early weaning was followed to conserve milk fed to calves. Calf papers did not report use of statistics to control or record variation or to determine whether treatment means were different. Many experiments were more observational than comparative. Typically fewer than 5 calves, and sometimes 1 or 2 calves, were used per treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153159/a-100-year-review-total-mixed-ration-feeding-of-dairy-cows
#18
David J Schingoethe
Total mixed rations (TMR) as we know them today did not exist in 1917. In fact, TMR are an invention of primarily the last half of the past 100 yr. Prior to that time many dairy herds were fed only forages, but dairy producers started moving toward TMR feeding as milk production per cow increased, herds became larger, freestall and large-group handling of cows became more common, and milking parlors became more prevalent. The earliest known reports in the Journal of Dairy Science of feeding "complete rations" or TMR may have appeared in the 1950s, but those studies were often reported only as abstracts at annual meetings of the American Dairy Science Association or in extension-type publications...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153158/a-100-year-review-metabolic-modifiers-in-dairy-cattle-nutrition
#19
R K McGuffey
The first issue of the Journal of Dairy Science in 1917 opened with the text of the speech by Raymond A. Pearson, president of the Iowa State College of Agriculture, at the dedication of the new dairy building at the University of Nebraska (J. Dairy Sci. 1:4-18, 1917). Fittingly, this was the birth of a new research facility and more importantly, the beginning of a new journal devoted to the sciences of milk production and manufacture of products from milk. Metabolic modifiers of dairy cow metabolism enhance, change, or interfere with normal metabolic processes in the ruminant digestive tract or alter postabsorption partitioning of nutrients among body tissues...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152237/analysis-of-recipes-of-home-prepared-diets-for-dogs-and-cats-published-in-portuguese
#20
Vivian Pedrinelli, Márcia de O S Gomes, Aulus C Carciofi
The present study evaluated recipes of home-prepared diets for dogs and cats published in Portuguese. A total of 106 diets were evaluated: eighty for dogs, twenty-four for cats and two intended for both species. A commercial software package was used to analyse the diets, and an ingredient chemical composition database was built based on the Brazilian Tables of Food Composition and United States Department of Agriculture Nutrient Database. The estimated chemical composition of each recipe was compared with the Nutritional Guidelines for Complete and Complementary Pet Food for Cats and Dogs (Fédération Européenne de L'industrie des Aliments Pour Animaux Familiers; FEDIAF, 2014) recommendations for maintenance (as units/MJ)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
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