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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324877/association-of-adherence-to-a-healthy-diet-with-cognitive-decline-in-european-and-american-older-adults-a-meta-analysis-within-the-chances-consortium
#1
Agnes A M Berendsen, Jae H Kang, Ondine van de Rest, Nicole Jankovic, Ellen Kampman, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Oscar H Franco, M Arfan Ikram, Hynek Pikhart, Lena Maria Nilsson, Hermann Brenner, Paolo Boffetta, Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Deborah Gustafson, Andreas Kyrozis, Antonia Trichopoulou, Edith J M Feskens, Francine Grodstein, Lisette C P G M de Groot
AIM: To examine the association between a healthy diet, assessed by the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and cognitive decline in older adults. METHODS: Data from 21,837 participants aged ≥55 years from 3 cohorts (Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly, a Concerted Action [SENECA], Rotterdam Study [RS], Nurses' Health Study [NHS]) were analyzed. HDI scores were based on intakes of saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, mono- and disaccharides, protein, cholesterol, fruits and vegetables, and fiber...
March 22, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320137/what-increases-the-risk-of-malnutrition-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Svetlana Tomic, Vlasta Pekic, Zeljka Popijac, Tomislav Pucic, Marta Petek, Tihana Gilman Kuric, Sanja Misevic, Ruzica Palic Kramaric
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are at a higher risk of malnutrition. The prevalence has been estimated to 0-24%, while 3%-60% of PD patients are reported to be at risk of malnutrition. To date, there is no clear explanation for malnutrition in these patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and to analyze factors that influence its appearance. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was used to determine normal nutritional status; at risk of malnutrition; and already malnourished status...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319805/depressive-states-among-adults-with-diabetes-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#3
Juan Rafael Albertorio-Diaz, Mark S Eberhardt, Maria Oquendo, Marco Mesa-Frias, Yulei He, Bruce Jonas, Kai Kang
AIMS: To determine (1) the prevalence of SubD states among adults with diabetes, and (2) whether evidence exists of an independent association between diabetes status and SubD, controlling for selected confounders. METHODS: Data from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were combined to estimates of depressive states by diabetes status among the noninstitutionalized U.S. adult population, and to assess the association of diabetes status and depressive states using a polytomous logistic regression model...
February 27, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319784/use-of-a-mixed-method-approach-to-evaluate-the-implementation-of-retention-promotion-strategies-in-the-new-york-state-wic-program
#4
Jackson P Sekhobo, Sanya R Peck, Youjung Byun, Marie A K Allsopp, MaryEllen K Holbrook, Lynn S Edmunds, Chengxuan Yu
This research assessed the implementation of strategies piloted at 10 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) clinics aimed at increasing retention in the program, by enhancing participants' shopping experiences. Under WIC Retention Promotion Study: Keep, Reconnect, Thrive (WIC RPS), clinics were recruited and assigned to implement one or a combination of strategies: a standardized Shopping Orientation (SO) curriculum, a Guided Shopping Tour (GST), and a Pictorial Foods Card (PFC) from November 2012 through August 2013...
March 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319346/determination-of-oleanolic-acid-in-human-plasma-and-its-association-with-olive-oil-intake-in-healthy-spanish-adults-within-the-epic-spain-cohort-study
#5
Genevieve Buckland, Antoni Pastor, Leila Lujan-Barroso, Carlos Alberto Gonzalez, Noemie Travier, Pilar Amiano, José María Huerta, Antonio Agudo, Carmen Navarro, María Dolores Chirlaque, Maria-José Sánchez, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Aurelio Barricarte, Eva Ardanaz, Miren Dorronsoro, Amaia Molinuevo, José Ramón Quirós, Rafael de la Torre
SCOPE: Oleanolic acid (OA) is an important triterpenic compound found in olive oil, however little is known about its concentrations in human plasma. We aimed to determine plasma OA levels in a healthy Spanish population and compare them with estimates of dietary olive oil intake. METHODS AND RESULTS: The final study sample included 141 individuals randomly selected from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Spanish cohort. Dietary olive oil intake was estimated using validated dietary history questionnaires...
February 3, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319105/link-of-dietary-patterns-with-metabolic-syndrome-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
M Mazidi, S Pennathur, F Afshinnia
BACKGROUND: Population-based interventions aimed at halting the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) require thorough understanding of dietary interplays. Objective is to identify the independent dietary nutrients associated with MetS and its components using dietary pattern identification and the single-nutrient approaches in The United States. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observation. Participants are selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with available dietary intake, biochemical and anthropometrical data from 2001 to 2012...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318212/multiple-myeloma-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
Thomas C Michels, Keith E Petersen
Multiple myeloma accounts for 1.6% of all cancer cases and approximately 10% of hematologic malignancies in the United States. In 2015, an estimated 28,850 new cases of multiple myeloma were diagnosed in the United States, and the disease caused more than 11,000 deaths. Patients older than 65 years account for 85% of those diagnosed with multiple myeloma, and there is a twofold increased incidence in blacks compared with whites. Patients may present with bone pain or with symptoms that are often nonspecific, such as nausea, vomiting, malaise, weakness, recurrent infections, and weight loss...
March 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315890/evidence-for-the-effects-of-complementary-feeding-interventions-on-the-growth-of-infants-and-young-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Rebecca A Heidkamp
As momentum for investment in early childhood nutrition grows, so does the evidence base for the effectiveness of interventions to improve complementary feeding in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), where the risk of early growth faltering is high. The aim of this chapter is to review the current state of the evidence for the impact of two categories of interventions (nutrition education alone and provision of food or nutrient supplements with or without education) on linear and ponderal growth of children aged 6-23 months in LMIC...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304104/assessment-of-antioxidative-and-selenium-status-by-seleno-dependent-glutathione-peroxidase-activity-in-different-blood-fractions-using-a-pig-model-issues-for-clinical-nutrition-and-research
#9
D B Dalto, J Lapointe, J-J Matte
Blood seleno-dependent glutathione peroxidase (SeGPX) activity is widely used as a metabolic indicator of systemic antioxidative status despite inconsistent responses in the literature. This study aimed to compare SeGPX activity profiles in different blood fractions, expressed with different reference units, and assess their impact on interpretation of results. Two studies on selenium (Se) metabolism in gilts, including long-term and peri-oestrus SeGPX activity profiles, were submitted to analysis of variance with double repeated measures, after data set standardization...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303424/inherited-disorders-of-transition-metal-metabolism-an-update
#10
REVIEW
Peter T Clayton
Elements with a biological role include six trace transition metals: manganese, iron, cobalt, copper, zinc and molybdenum. Transition metals participate in group transfer reactions such as glycosylation and phosphorylation and those that can transfer an electron by alternating between two redox states such as iron (3+/2+) and copper (2+/1+) are also very important in biological redox reactions including the reduction of molecular oxygen and the transport of oxygen. However, these trace metals are also potentially toxic, generating reactive oxygen species through Fenton chemistry...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303053/comparison-of-color-anti-nutritional-factors-minerals-phenolic-profile-and-protein-digestibility-between-hard-to-cook-and-easy-to-cook-grains-from-different-kidney-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-accessions
#11
Naincy Parmar, Narpinder Singh, Amritpal Kaur, Sheetal Thakur
The present study was aimed to evaluate the differences among anti-nutritional factors in relation to mineral absorption and protein digestibility of Easy-to-cook (ETC) and Hard-to-cook (HTC) grains from different kidney bean (KB) accessions.HTC grains showed lower a* (redness to yellowness) and b* (greenness to blueness) values and L* value than ETC grains. HTC grains had significantly higher Ca and Zn and lower Cu, Mn and Fe than ETC grains. ETC and HTC grains showed significant variation in mineral, total phenolic content (TPC), tannin and phytic acid content...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301838/the-interplay-between-maternal-nutrition-and-stress-during-pregnancy-issues-and-considerations
#12
Karen L Lindsay, Claudia Buss, Pathik D Wadhwa, Sonja Entringer
BACKGROUND: Several studies about humans and animals have separately examined the effects of prenatal nutrition and stress on fetal development, pregnancy, and birth outcomes, and subsequent child health and disease risk. Although substantial evidence from non-pregnant literature supports the presence of bidirectional interactions between nutrition and stress at various psychological, behavioral, and physiological levels, such interaction effects have not yet been systematically examined in the context of pregnancy...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301314/metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-by-race-ethnicity-and-sex-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1988-2012
#13
Justin Xavier Moore, Ninad Chaudhary, Tomi Akinyemiju
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors associated with increased risk of multiple chronic diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular disease. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome overall, by race and sex, and to assess trends in prevalence from 1988 through 2012. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 1988 through 2012...
March 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298535/resistant-starch-but-not-enzymatically-modified-waxy-maize-delays-development-of-diabetes-in-zucker-diabetic-fatty-rats
#14
Mette Skou Hedemann, Kjeld Hermansen, Sven Pedersen, Knud Erik Bach Knudsen
Background: The incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing worldwide, and nutritional management of circulating glucose may be a strategic tool in the prevention of T2D.Objective: We studied whether enzymatically modified waxy maize with an increased degree of branching delayed the onset of diabetes in male Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats.Methods: Forty-eight male ZDF rats, aged 5 wk, were divided into 4 groups and fed experimental diets for 9 wk that contained 52.95% starch: gelatinized corn starch (S), glucidex (GLU), resistant starch (RS), or enzymatically modified starch (EMS)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296287/bio-inspired-nanomedicine-strategies-for-artificial-blood-components
#15
REVIEW
Anirban Sen Gupta
Blood is a fluid connective tissue where living cells are suspended in noncellular liquid matrix. The cellular components of blood render gas exchange (RBCs), immune surveillance (WBCs) and hemostatic responses (platelets), and the noncellular components (salts, proteins, etc.) provide nutrition to various tissues in the body. Dysfunction and deficiencies in these blood components can lead to significant tissue morbidity and mortality. Consequently, transfusion of whole blood or its components is a clinical mainstay in the management of trauma, surgery, myelosuppression, and congenital blood disorders...
March 15, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295377/time-restricted-feeding-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cardiometabolic-disorders
#16
Girish C Melkani, Satchidananda Panda
The soaring prevalence of obesity and diabetes is associated with an increase in comorbidities, including elevated risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). CVDs continue to be among the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. While increased nutrition intake from an energy dense diet is known to disrupt metabolic homeostasis and contributes to the disease risk, circadian rhythm disruption is emerging as a new risk factor for CVD. Circadian rhythms coordinate cardiovascular health via temporal control of organismal metabolism and physiology...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294105/breath-acetone-as-a-potential-marker-in-clinical-practice
#17
Vera Ruzsanyi, Miklós Kalapos
In recent decades, two facts have changed the opinion of researchers about the function of acetone in humans. Firstly, it has turned out that acetone cannot be regarded as simply a waste product of metabolism, because there are several pathways in which acetone is produced or broken down. Secondly, methods have emerged making possible its detection in exhaled breath, thereby offering an attractive alternative to investigation of blood and urine samples. From a clinical point of view the measurement of breath acetone levels are important, but there are limitations to its wide application...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292919/molecular-determinants-of-the-regulation-of-development-and-metabolism-by-neuronal-eif2%C3%AE-phosphorylation-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#18
Warakorn Kulalert, Harini Sadeeshkumar, Ying K Zhang, Frank C Schroeder, Dennis H Kim
Cell-non-autonomous effects of signaling in the nervous system of animals can influence diverse aspects of organismal physiology. We previously showed that phosphorylation of Ser49 of eIF2α in two chemosensory neurons by PEK-1/PERK promotes entry of Caenorhabditis elegans into dauer diapause. Here, we identified and characterized the molecular determinants that confer sensitivity to effects of neuronal eIF2α phosphorylation on development and physiology of C. elegans Isolation and characterization of mutations in eif-2B...
March 14, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292616/strong-adherence-to-a-healthy-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-better-semen-quality-especially-in-men-with-poor-semen-quality
#19
Elsje C Oostingh, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Jeanne H M de Vries, Joop S E Laven, Maria P H Koster
OBJECTIVE: To study associations between periconceptional dietary patterns and semen quality parameters. DESIGN: Prospective periconception cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred and twenty-nine male partners of pregnant women who participated in the Rotterdam Periconception Cohort (Predict study). INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Semen quality parameters-ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, total sperm count, progressive motility, immotile sperm, and total motile sperm count (TMSC)...
March 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292554/selected-lactobacilli-and-bifidobacteria-development-in-solid-state-fermentation-using-soybean-paste
#20
Antonieta Rodríguez de Olmos, Maria Alejandra Correa Deza, Marisa S Garro
At present, consumers are looking for more natural foods so as to improve health through their active compounds. Within this context, soybean is an excellent substrate due to its beneficial effects on consumers' health. Moreover, lactic cultures are widely used in the food industry to improve the technological, nutritional and functional characteristics of fermented foods. It is interesting to find new matrices in which to transport these starter cultures (potentially probiotic microorganisms). The aim of this research was to obtain a solid state fermentation system from soybean to analyze the behavior of selected lactobacilli and bifidobacteria, with the potential to develop a functional vegetarian food to serve as carrier for the microorganisms...
March 12, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
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