Read by QxMD icon Read

mri contrast

Soo Young Yun, Young Jin Heo, Hae Woong Jeong, Jin Wook Baek, Hye Jung Choo, Jung Hwa Seo, Sung Tae Kim, Ji Young Lee, Sung Chul Jin
Background Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) more frequently develops in patients with intracranial vertebral artery dissection (VAD) than extracranial VAD, and is associated with possible poor clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to compare high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI) findings and clinical features of VAD with and without AIS. Methods Twenty-nine lesions from 27 patients (15 male and 12 female patients; age range = 28-73 years) who underwent diffusion MRI and 3T HR-MRI within seven days were included...
January 1, 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Jeffrey Lambe, Olwen C Murphy, Shiv Saidha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the recognition that neurodegeneration represents the principal substrate of disability in multiple sclerosis (MS), there has been increased strives towards identifying biomarkers for accurately quantifying and tracking neurodegeneration during the disease course. The retina provides an opportune "window" into the central nervous system (CNS) in MS, with retinal changes in MS reflecting not only local, but also global aspects of neurodegeneration and inflammation operative in the disease...
March 21, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Massimo Valentino, Mauro Liberatore, Fabrizio Maghella, Valeria De Soccio, Carlo De Felice, Daniela Messineo, Francesco Maria Drudi
Desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF), also known as aggressive fibromatosis, is a locally aggressive benign fibroblastic neoplasm that can infiltrate or recur but cannot metastasize. It is rare, with an estimated annual incidence of two to four new cases per million people. Most DFs occur sporadically, but it may also be associated with the hereditary syndrome familial adenomatous polyposis. Treatment is necessary when the disease is symptomatic, especially in case of compression of critical structures. When possible, surgical resection is the treatment of choice; however, recurrence is common...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Arnaud Attyé, Michael Eliezer, Maud Medici, Irène Tropres, Georges Dumas, Alexandre Krainik, Sébastien Schmerber
OBJECTIVES: A case-controlled imaging study demonstrated that saccular hydrops was specific to Meniere's disease (MD), but only present in a subset of patients. Here, we compared patients with definite MD, vertigo and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) to elucidate the relationship between saccular hydrops and extent of SNHL. METHODS: In this prospective study, we performed 3D-FLAIR sequences between 4.5 and 5.5 h after contrast media injection in patients with MD (n=20), SNHL (n=20), vertigo (n=20) and 30 healthy subjects...
March 21, 2018: European Radiology
Garry Ceccon, Lazaros Lazaridis, Gabriele Stoffels, Marion Rapp, Manuel Weber, Tobias Blau, Phillip Lohmann, Sied Kebir, Ken Herrmann, Gereon R Fink, Karl-Josef Langen, Martin Glas, Norbert Galldiks
PURPOSE: We present our first clinical experience with O-(2-18 F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine (FET) PET in patients with high-grade glioma treated with various neurooncological therapies including tumour-treating fields (TTFields) for the differentiation of tumour progression from treatment-related changes. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 12 patients (mean age 51 ± 12 years, range 33-72 years) with high-grade glioma (11 glioblastomas, 1 gliosarcoma) in whom the treatment regimen included TTFields and who had undergone FET PET scans for differentiation of tumour progression from treatment-related changes...
March 21, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Ore-Ofe O Adesina, J Scott McNally, Karen L Salzman, Bradley J Katz, Judith E A Warner, Molly McFadden, Kathleen B Digre
Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and optic neuritis (ON) may be difficult to distinguish early in their disease courses. Our goal was to determine if specific magnetic resonance imaging characteristics differentiate acute NAION from ON. Neuroradiologists, masked to diagnosis, reviewed the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and post-contrast enhancement (PCE) characteristics of the optic nerve in 140 eyes. PCE and DWI signals of the optic disc alone did not discriminate between NAION and ON...
April 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
Niels R Disbergen, Giancarlo Valente, Elia Formisano, Robert J Zatorre
Polyphonic music listening well exemplifies processes typically involved in daily auditory scene analysis situations, relying on an interactive interplay between bottom-up and top-down processes. Most studies investigating scene analysis have used elementary auditory scenes, however real-world scene analysis is far more complex. In particular, music, contrary to most other natural auditory scenes, can be perceived by either integrating or, under attentive control, segregating sound streams, often carried by different instruments...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Shivani Pahwa, Hao Liu, Yong Chen, Sara Dastmalchian, Gregory O'Connor, Ziang Lu, Chaitra Badve, Alice Yu, Katherine Wright, Hamid Chalian, Shengxiang Rao, Caixia Fu, Ignacio Vallines, Mark Griswold, Nicole Seiberlich, Mengsu Zeng, Vikas Gulani
We describe multi-institutional experience using free-breathing, 3D Spiral GRAPPA-based quantitative perfusion MRI in characterizing neoplastic liver masses. 45 patients (age: 48-72 years) were prospectively recruited at University Hospitals, Cleveland, USA on a 3 Tesla (T) MRI, and at Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China on a 1.5 T MRI. Contrast-enhanced volumetric T1-weighted images were acquired and a dual-input single-compartment model used to derive arterial fraction (AF), distribution volume (DV) and mean transit time (MTT) for the lesions and normal parenchyma...
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ahmed S Fahmy, Ulf Neisius, Connie W Tsao, Sophie Berg, Elizabeth Goddu, Patrick Pierce, Tamer A Basha, Long Ngo, Warren J Manning, Reza Nezafat
BACKGROUND: Low scar-to-blood contrast in late gadolinium enhanced (LGE) MRI limits the visualization of scars adjacent to the blood pool. Nulling the blood signal improves scar detection but results in lack of contrast between myocardium and blood, which makes clinical evaluation of LGE images more difficult. METHODS: GB-LGE contrast is achieved through partial suppression of the blood signal using T2 magnetization preparation between the inversion pulse and acquisition...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Wilfred Ifeanyi Umeojiako, Ritesh Kanyal
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a recognized clinical course of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This interesting case showed notable difference on the electrocardiogram of a patient 4 months prior to suffering a stroke and 10 days after suffering a stroke. The pre-stroke electrocardiogram showed atrial fibrillation with a narrow QRS complex, while the post-stroke electrocardiogram showed marked left ventricular hypertrophy. Left ventricular hypertrophy was diagnosed using the Sokolow-Lyon indices...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
William H Curley, Peter B Forgacs, Henning U Voss, Mary M Conte, Nicholas D Schiff
Patients with severe brain injury are difficult to assess and frequently subject to misdiagnosis. 'Cognitive motor dissociation' is a term used to describe a subset of such patients with preserved cognition as detected with neuroimaging methods but not evident in behavioural assessments. Unlike the locked-in state, cognitive motor dissociation after severe brain injury is prominently marked by concomitant injuries across the cerebrum in addition to limited or no motoric function. In the present study, we sought to characterize the EEG signals used as indicators of cognition in patients with disorders of consciousness and examine their reliability for potential future use to re-establish communication...
March 19, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Francesca Bagnato, Simon Hametner, Emma Boyd, Verena Endmayr, Yaping Shi, Vasiliki Ikonomidou, Guanhua Chen, Siddharama Pawate, Hans Lassmann, Seth Smith, E Brian Welch
T2*-weighted multi-echo gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging and its reciprocal R2* are used in brain imaging due to their sensitivity to iron content. In patients with multiple sclerosis who display pathological alterations in iron and myelin contents, the use of R2* may offer a unique way to untangle mechanisms of disease. Coronal slices from 8 brains of deceased multiple sclerosis patients were imaged using a whole-body 7.0 Tesla MRI scanner. The scanning protocol included three-dimensional (3D) T2*-w multi-echo gradient-echo and 2D T2-w turbo spin echo (TSE) sequences...
2018: PloS One
Hena S Ahmed, Austin R Pantel, James M Metz, John P Plastaras, Michael D Farwell
A 25-year-old man with IgA deficiency was treated with 2 months of chemotherapy and proton therapy for gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. Restaging PET/CT 18 days posttherapy demonstrated 2 new foci of increased FDG uptake in the left hepatic lobe, which were favored to represent radiation injury as opposed to new metastases. Follow-up MRI with contrast 2 weeks later demonstrated hypoenhancement and T1/T2 hypointensity in the liver, without restricted diffusion, which correlated with the dominant FDG-avid focus...
March 20, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Alejandro Cabrera-García, Elisa Checa-Chavarria, Jesús Pacheco-Torres, Ángela Bernabeu-Sanz, Alejandro Vidal-Moya, Eva Rivero-Buceta, Germán Sastre, Eduardo Fernández, Pablo Botella
The development of contrast agents (CAs) for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with T1-T2 dual-mode relaxivity requires the accurate assembly of T1 and T2 magnetic centers in a single structure. In this context, we have synthesized a novel hybrid material by monitoring the formation of Prussian Blue analogue Gd(H2O)4[Fe(CN)6] nanoparticles with tailored shape (from nanocrosses to nanorods) and size, and further protection with a thin and homogeneous silica coating through hydrolysis and polymerization of silicate at neutral pH...
March 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Daniel Appel, Miriam Seeberger, Edzard Schwedhelm, Patrick Czorlich, Alwin E Goetz, Rainer H Böger, Juliane Hannemann
BACKGROUND: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is the major cause of lethality and neuronal damage in patients who survived the primary subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginines (ADMA and SDMA) inhibit nitric oxide production from L-arginine via distinct mechanisms. Elevated ADMA levels are associated with vasospasm after SAH. We aimed to study the time course of ADMA and SDMA in plasma and ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and their associations with DCI and outcome...
March 20, 2018: Neurocritical Care
Jing Ye, Guifeng Fu, Xiaohui Yan, Jingyi Liu, Xiaoyong Wang, Liang Cheng, Fan Zhang, Phillip Zhe Sun, Gang Liu
In vivo assessment of vascular permeability and therapeutic response provides novel insights into photothermal therapy (PTT) that is currently under clinical investigation. We have developed noninvasive imaging strategies to improve the monitoring of nanoparticle-mediated PTT responses for personalized nanomedicine. Briefly, dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and photoacoustic imaging (PAI) were applied to study the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect in tumor models of different microvascular permeabilities (i...
March 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Ljiljana Progovac, Natalia Rakhlin, William Angell, Ryan Liddane, Lingfei Tang, Noa Ofen
We address the puzzle of "unity in diversity" in human languages by advocating the (minimal) common denominator for the diverse expressions of transitivity across human languages, consistent with the view that early in language evolution there was a modest beginning for syntax and that this beginning provided the foundation for the further elaboration of syntactic complexity. This study reports the results of a functional MRI experiment investigating differential patterns of brain activation during processing of sentences with minimal versus fuller syntactic structures...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Yi Zhang, Jielin Pan, Qilan Xu, Hao Li, Jianhao Wang, Chao Zhang, Guobin Hong
Objective: To construct carcinoma vascular endothelial-targeted polymeric nanomicelles with high magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sensitivity and to evaluate their biological safety and in vitro tumor-targeting effect, and to monitor their feasibility using clinical MRI scanner. Method: Amphiphilic block copolymer, poly(ethylene glycol)- b -poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEG-PCL) was synthesized via the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone (CL) initiated by poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), in which cyclic pentapeptide Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD) was conjugated with the terminal of hydrophilic PEG block...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Michael E Hall, Jennifer H Jordan, Luis A Juncos, W Gregory Hundley, John E Hall
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, a non-invasive modality that provides anatomic and physiologic information, is increasingly used for diagnosis of pathophysiologic conditions and for understanding renal physiology in humans. Although functional MR imaging methods were pioneered to investigate the brain, they also offer powerful techniques for investigation of other organ systems such as the kidneys. However, imaging the kidneys provides unique challenges due to potential complications from contrast agents. Therefore, development of non-contrast techniques to study kidney anatomy and physiology is important...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
Hana Malikova, Miroslava Burghardtova, Eva Koubska, Vaclav Mandys, Tomas Kozak, Jiri Weichet
Background: Secondary central nervous system lymphoma (SCNSL) is a rare and aggressive disease, which is defined as secondary central nervous system (CNS) involvement in patients with systemic lymphoma. According to previous reports, SCNSL presents mostly with leptomeningeal spread; however, our experience differs. In the present study, we demonstrate the diversity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns in SCNSL. Patients and methods: Initial morphological MRI findings in 21 patients (10 women and 11 men with mean age 62...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"