keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

arterial age

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145722/outcomes-of-beating-heart-on-pump-utilizing-a-miniature-bypass-circuit-versus-off-pump-cardiac-bypass-at-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center
#1
Matthew Skancke, Kendal Endicott, Richard Amdur, Michael Greenberg, Gregory Trachiotis
BACKGROUND: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) helps reduce systemic inflammatory changes by maintaining native pulsatile flow. This analysis evaluates the outcomes of OPCAB at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) and evaluates the use of beating heart on-pump (BHOP) bypass grafting as an empiric therapy for high-risk patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 756 patients who underwent coronary bypass grafting between 2004-2015 at a single VAMC...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145264/influences-of-cardiac-motion-on-computed-tomography-guided-biopsy-of-lung-nodules-located-near-the-heart
#2
Li-Sheng Hsu, Chien-Wei Chen, Chia-Hao Chang, Chien-Han Liao, Sheng-Lung Hsu, Wei-Ming Lin
Computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy of nodules located near the heart may be associated with potential complications. To understand the influences of cardiac motion on lung parenchyma during biopsy, we processed the cardiac phase images of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) and noticed shifts in mediastinum lung margin (MLM) at different zones.Thirty eight CCTA (27 men and 11 women) were retrospectively evaluated. Image processing was done with Fiji (an open source Java image processing program by Fiji contributors) using 10% to 90% phase images of CCTA; and tissue displacement (MLM shift) was shown on the resulting images...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145233/prospective-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-safety-and-efficacy-of-cocoon-duct-occluder-for-transcatheter-closure-of-large-patent-ductus-arteriosus-a-single-center-study-with-short-and-medium-term-follow-up-results
#3
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Mahmadula Razi, Rama Niwas Pandey, Prakash Kumar, Vinay Krishna, Mukesh Jitendra Jha, Vikas Mishra, Mohammad Asif, Nasar Abdali, Pradyot Tewari, Ramesh Thakur, Umeshwar Pandey, Chandra Mohan Varma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a novel Cocoon Duct Occluder device for the transcatheter closure (TCC) of large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). METHODS: In this prospective, non-randomized study, consecutive patients with large PDA (narrowest diameter: ≥3.5/4.0 mm in symptomatic/asymptomatic patients, respectively), who underwent TCC with Cocoon Duct Occluder at our institute between November, 2012 and June, 2016 were examined...
November 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145217/association-of-female-sex-and-heart-rate-with-increased-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Min Kyung Kang, Jae Myung Yu, Kwang Jin Chun, Jaehuk Choi, Seonghoon Choi, Namho Lee, Jung Rae Cho
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with increased arterial stiffness (IAS) measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV) and its clinical implications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional study. The ankle-brachial PWV was used to measure arterial stiffness, and 310 patients (mean age, 49±9 years; 180 men) with type 2 DM were divided into two groups according to the results of PWV: Group 1 (IAS; n=214) and Group 2 (normal arterial stiffness; n=96)...
November 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145207/determinants-prevalence-and-trajectory-of-long-term-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment-results-from-a-4-year-follow-up-of-the-auckland-stroke-regional-outcomes-study-iv-study
#5
Susan Mahon, Priya Parmar, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Rita Krishnamurthi, Kelly Jones, Alice Theadom, Valery Feigin
BACKGROUND: The long-term (>12 months) prevalence, predictors, and trajectory of post-stroke cognitive deficits are not well established, especially at a community level. This study investigated the longitudinal course and prevalence of cognitive impairment in an incidence cohort, identifying factors associated with declining cognition. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-seven participants (mean age = 67.93 ± 13.59) of first-ever stroke survivors, completed cognitive assessments within 2 weeks post stroke, and/or 1, 6, 12, and 48-month...
November 16, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144514/catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-elderly-population
#6
Josef Kautzner, Petr Peichl, Marek Sramko, Robert Cihak, Bashar Aldhoon, Dan Wichterle
Background: Although elderly patients have been included in published series of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF), clinical benefit and safety remain still less defined in this population. A retrospective analysis of the results of catheter ablation for AF in a large volume center focused on comparison of elderly patients with the rest of the patient cohort was conducted in this study. Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent catheter ablation for AF between January 2001 and December 2016 were analysed...
September 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144207/exploring-physical-activity-behaviour-needs-for-and-interest-in-a-technology-delivered-home-based-exercise-programme-among-patients-with-intermittent-claudication
#7
Nils Cornelis, Roselien Buys, Inge Fourneau, Tijl Dewit, Véronique Cornelissen
BACKGROUND: Supervised walking is a first line therapy in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with complaints of intermittent claudication. However, uptake of supervised programmes is low. Home-based exercise seems an appealing alternative; especially since technological advances, such as tele-coaching and tele-monitoring, may facilitate the process and support patients when adopting a physically active lifestyle. To guide the development of such an intervention, it is important to identify barriers of physical activity and the needs and interests for technology-enabled exercise in this patient group...
November 16, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143863/morphometric-properties-of-the-latissimus-dorsi-muscle-in-human-fetuses-for-flap-surgery
#8
Orhan Beger, Burhan Beger, Deniz Uzmansel, Semra Erdoğan, Zeliha Kurtoğlu
PURPOSE: Although latissimus dorsi (LD) flaps are extensively used in a wide range of interventions, fetus studies on this subject are quite limited. This study aims to obtain detailed information about the morphometric features of LD, thoracodorsal artery (TDA) and nerve (TDN). METHODS: The study was carried out on both sides of 50 formalin-fixed human fetuses (22 male/28 female) with a mean gestational age of 24.5 ± 4.7 (range 18-36) weeks, which were in the inventory of Anatomy Department of Mersin University Faculty of Medicine...
November 16, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143732/surgical-and-endovascular-treatment-of-extracranial-carotid-stenosis
#9
Hans-Henning Eckstein, Pavlos Tsantilas, Andreas Kühnl, Bernhard Haller, Thorben Breitkreuz, Alexander Zimmermann, Michael Kallmayer
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) can be used to prevent stroke due to arteriosclerotic lesions of the carotid artery. In Germany, legally mandated quality assurance (QA) enables the evaluation of outcome quality after CEA and CAS performed under routine conditions. METHODS: We analyzed data on all elective CEA and CAS procedures performed over the periods 2009-2014 and 2012-2014, respectively. The endpoints of the study were the combined in-hospital stroke and death rate, stroke rate and mortality separately, local complications, and other complications...
October 27, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142986/cardiac-autonomic-neuropathy-predicts-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-failure-a%C3%A2-5-year-prospective-study
#10
Dimitrios Doulgerakis, Ioannis Moyssakis, Chris J Kapelios, Ioanna Eleftheriadou, Stamatia Chorepsima, Spyridon Michail, Nikolaos Tentolouris
Introduction: Chronic renal disease is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is predictive of mortality for diseases that affect the autonomic nervous system. We prospectively evaluated the prognostic value of indexes of left ventricular (LV) function and CAN in all-cause and CV mortality of patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRF). Methods: A total of 133 patients with ESRF were recruited. LV function was evaluated by echocardiography, whereas cardiac autonomic function was assessed using the battery of the 4 standardized tests proposed by Ewing...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142811/carotid-artery-stiffness-and-development-of-hypertension-in-people-with-paraplegia-and-no-overt-cardiovascular-disease-a-7-year-follow-up-study
#11
Olga Vriz, Nicole Bertin, Arianna Ius, Emiliana Bizzarini, Eduardo Bossone, Francesco Antonini-Canterin
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare arterial stiffness between people with paraplegia and able-bodied persons (ABPs) and to assess cardiovascular markers that may be predictive of the development of arterial hypertension in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: This study was conducted at rehabilitation Hospital, Udine (Italy). Methods: Fifty-seven patients with SCI were prospectively enrolled and compared with 88 healthy ABPs...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142809/is-left-atrial-function-affected-by-coronary-slow-flow-a-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-study
#12
Flora Fallah, Sima Narimani, Shima Yarmohammadi, Ali Hosseinsabet, Arash Jalali
Background: The coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) is the slow passage of the angiographic contrast agent to the distal portion of the coronary artery in the absence of significant stenosis. We evaluated the left atrial (LA) function in patients with the CSFP using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DSTE). Methods: The LA function was compared through 2DSTE between 36 patients with the CSFP and 36 participants with a normal coronary flow. The two groups were matched for age, sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and the left ventricular function...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142778/-foramen-magnum-meningiomas-a-report-of-12-cases-and-literature-review
#13
Álvaro Campero, Pablo Ajler, Guillermo Roman, Conrado Rivadeneira
Objectives: The primary aim of this study was to assess the results attained for 12 patients with an anterior or lateral foramen magnum meningioma, treated microsurgically. Methods: Between June 2005 and December 2016, 12 patients with foramen magnum meningiomas underwent microsurgical resection. Patients' age and gender, tumor localization (anterior or lateral), symptoms, approach, and postoperative results were analyzed. Results: Eight of the 12 patients were women...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142565/correlation-between-hyperhomocysteinemia-and-common-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-in-carbamazepine-treated-epileptic-patients-using-ultrasonography
#14
Shazia Bano, Nudrat Anwar Zuberi, Syed Munawar Alam
Objective: The objective was to assess the role of homocysteine in the development of atherosclerosis in common carotid artery in the carbamazepine treated epileptic patients. Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Biochemistry, Basic Medical Sciences Institute (BMSI), Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC), Karachi. Three hundred individuals, aged 34 ± 9.5 years were selected and divided into three groups. Each group comprised of 100 subjects labeled as Group-A (control group had healthy individuals), Group-B (newly diagnosed epileptic patients without antiepileptic therapy), Group-C (epileptic patients on Carbamazepine therapy, which was further subdivided into C-I having epileptic patients on Carbamazepine therapy less than 1 year n=33, C-II had epileptic patients on Carbamazepine therapy 1-2 years n = 33 and C-III comprised of epileptic patients on Carbamazepine therapy more than 2 years n = 34)...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142551/association-of-single-nucleotide-missence-polymorphism-val109asp-of-omentin-1-gene-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-pakistani-population-multicenter-study
#15
Shazia Nazar, Sitwat Zehra, Abid Azhar
Background & Objective: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a most important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide as well as in Pakistan. Recent studies have shown that the combination of obesity, insulin resistance and fluctuation in circulating adipocytokines levels is associated with the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. Omentin-1 is recently found adipocytokine that is highly expressed in visceral adipose tissue. It has anti- inflammatory properties and is negatively correlated with ischemic heart disease...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142486/vitronectin-and-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-gene-expression-levels-are-increased-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-in-stent-restenosis
#16
S M Shafiee, F Noorabad-Ghahroodi, A Amirfarhangi, S R Hosseini-Fard, Z Sharifi, M Najafi
Neointimal hyperplasia is known as a main factor contributing to in-stent restenosis (ISR). Monocytes may play a central role in vessel restenosis process after stent implantation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (PLAU) and vitronectin (Vtn) gene expression levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples isolated from whole blood of 66 patients undergoing coronary artery angiography (22 controls, stenosis < 0.05%; 22 with stent no-restenosis and stenosis < 70%; and 22 with ISR and stenosis > 70%)...
December 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141949/microvascular-insulin-resistance-in-skeletal-muscle-and-brain-occurs-early-in-the-development-of-juvenile-obesity-in-pigs
#17
T Dylan Olver, Zachary Ian Grunewald, Thomas J Jurrissen, Rebecca Ek MacPherson, Paul J LeBlanc, Teagan R Schnurbusch, Alana M Czajkowski, Maurice Harold Laughlin, R Scott Rector, Shawn B Bender, Eric M Walters, Craig A Emter, Jaume Padilla
BACKGROUND: Impaired microvascular insulin signaling may develop prior to overt indices of microvascular endothelial dysfunction and represent an early pathological feature of adolescent obesity. Using a translational porcine model of juvenile obesity, we tested the hypotheses that in the early stages of obesity development, impaired insulin signaling manifests in skeletal muscle (triceps), brain (prefrontal cortex) and corresponding vasculatures, and that depressed insulin-induced vasodilation is reversible with acute inhibition of protein kinase C beta (PKCβ)...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141873/a-new-predictor-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-hatch-score
#18
Mithat Selvi, Hasan Gungor, Cemil Zencir, Sevil Gulasti, Ufuk Eryilmaz, Cagdas Akgullu, Selim Durmaz
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between HATCH score and atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. 369 patients (103 patients with AF and 266 patients without AF) undergoing isolated CABG surgery were analyzed. Complete medical records were retrospectively collected to investigate HATCH score. The median age of patients with AF was significantly higher than the median age of non-AF group (60.8±10.0 years vs 67.8±9.5 years, P<0.001). HATCH score was significantly higher in patients who developed AF after CABG surgery than the non-AF group (P=0...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141840/cerebral-oxygenation-measurements-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-fetuses-with-and-without-heart-defects
#19
Mette H Lauridsen, Niels Uldbjerg, Tine B Henriksen, Olav B Petersen, Brian Stausbøl-Grøn, Niels B Matthiesen, David A Peters, Steffen Ringgaard, Vibeke E Hjortdal
BACKGROUND: Children with major congenital heart defects are risking impaired cerebral growth, delayed cerebral maturation, and neurodevelopmental disorders. We aimed to compare the cerebral tissue oxygenation of fetuses with major heart defects to that of fetuses without heart defects as estimated by the magnetic resonance imaging modality T2*. T2* is low in areas with high concentrations of deoxyhemoglobin. METHODS AND RESULTS: At gestational age mean 32 weeks (early) and mean 37 weeks (late), we compared the fetal cerebral T2* in 28 fetuses without heart defects to that of 15 fetuses with major heart defects: transposition of the great arteries (n=7), coarctation of the aorta/hypoplastic aortic arch (n=5), tetralogy of Fallot (n=1), hypoplastic right heart (n=1), and common arterial trunk (n=1)...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141319/-homozygous-ectonucleotide-pyrophosphatase-phosphodiesterase-1-variants-in-a-girl-with-hypophosphatemic-rickets-and-literature-review
#20
Z Q Liu, X B Chen, F Y Song, K Gao, M F Qiu, Y Qian, M Du
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and genetic characteristics of patients with ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) gene variants. Method: The clinical data of a patient with ENPP1 homozygous variants from Capital Institute of Pediatrics was collected, the related literature was searched from China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, National Center from Biotechnology Information and PubMed by using search term "ENPP1" , "hypophosphatemic rickets" ...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
113262
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"