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Hidden curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#1
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140917/medical-trainees-experiences-of-treating-people-with-chronic-pain-a-lost-opportunity-for-medical-education
#2
Kathleen Rice, Jae Eun Ryu, Cynthia Whitehead, Joel Katz, Fiona Webster
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that physicians' opinions about chronic pain patients become progressively negative over the course of medical training, leading to a decline in empathy for these patients. Few qualitative studies have focused on this issue and thus the experiences shaping this process remain unexplored. This study addressed how medical trainees learn about chronic pain management through informal and formal curricula. METHOD: This study adopted a descriptive qualitative interview-based approach informed by the theoretical lens of the hidden curriculum...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116982/a-rose-by-other-names-some-general-musings-on-lawrence-and-colleagues-hidden-curriculum-scoping-review
#3
Frederic W Hafferty, Maria Athina Martimianakis
In this Commentary, the authors explore the scoping review by Lawrence and colleagues by challenging their conclusion that with over 25 years' worth of "ambiguous and seemingly ubiquitous use" of the hidden curriculum construct in health professions education scholarship, it is time to either move to a more uniform definitional foundation or abandon the term altogether. The commentary authors counter these remedial propositions by foregrounding the importance of theoretical diversity and the conceptual richness afforded when the hidden curriculum construct is used as an entry point for studying the interstitial space between the formal and a range of other-than-formal domains of learning...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116981/the-hidden-curricula-of-medical-education-a-scoping-review
#4
Carlton Lawrence, Tsholofelo Mhlaba, Kearsley A Stewart, Relebohile Moletsane, Bernhard Gaede, Mosa Moshabela
PURPOSE: To analyze the plural definitions and applications of the term "hidden curriculum" within the medical education literature and to propose a conceptual framework for conducting future research on the topic. METHOD: The authors conducted a literature search of nine online databases, seeking articles published on the hidden, informal, or implicit curriculum in medical education prior to March 2017. Two reviewers independently screened articles with set inclusion criteria and performed kappa coefficient tests to evaluate interreviewer reliability...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099318/motivation-and-prior-animal-experience-of-newly-enrolled-veterinary-nursing-students-at-two-irish-third-level-institutions
#5
Karen Dunne, Bernadette Brereton, Vivienne Duggan, Deirdre Campion
Veterinary nurses report an intrinsic desire to work with animals. However, this motivation may be eroded by poor working conditions and low pay, resulting in the exit of experienced veterinary nurses from clinical practice. This study sought to quantify the level of animal-handling experience students possessed at the start of their training and to explore the factors motivating them to enter veterinary nurse training in two Irish third-level institutions. The authors had noted a tendency for veterinary nursing students to possess limited animal-handling skills, despite their obvious motivation to work with animals...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990849/how-was-hidden-curriculum-teaching-enhanced-a-question-to-zhang-et%C3%A2-al
#6
James Aluri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961508/learning-environment-and-emotional-well-being-a-qualitative-study-of-undergraduate-nursing-students
#7
Ambreen Tharani, Yusra Husain, Ian Warwick
BACKGROUND: Students can experience multiple stressors during their academic life which have an impact on their emotional health and academic progress. PURPOSE: This study sought to explore students' understanding of and factors affecting their emotional well-being in an undergraduate nursing programme at a private nursing institution in Karachi, Pakistan. METHOD: In this qualitative study, data were collected through individual semi-structured interviews using a self-designed guide from 16 participants in total, drawn from various years of the selected undergraduate programme...
December 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953569/description-and-early-outcomes-of-a-comprehensive-curriculum-redesign-at-the-northwestern-university-feinberg-school-of-medicine
#8
Heather L Heiman, Celia L O'Brien, Raymond H Curry, Marianne M Green, James F Baker, Robert F Kushner, John X Thomas, Thomas C Corbridge, Julia F Corcoran, Joshua M Hauser, Patricia M Garcia
In 2012, the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine launched a redesigned curriculum addressing the four primary recommendations in the 2010 Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching report on reforming medical education. This new curriculum provides a more standardized evaluation of students' competency achievement through a robust portfolio review process coupled with standard evaluations of medical knowledge and clinical skills. It individualizes learning processes through curriculum flexibility, enabling students to take electives earlier and complete clerkships in their preferred order...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914099/integrating-social-class-and-privilege-in-the-community-medicine-curriculum
#9
Christopher Haymaker, Amber Cadick, Allison Seavey
Social class and privilege are hidden variables that impact the physician-patient relationship and health outcomes. This article presents a sample of activities from three programs utilized in the community health curriculum to teach resident physicians about patients within context, including how social class and privilege impact physician-patient relationships and patient health. These activities address resident physicians' resistance to discussion of privilege, social class, and race by emphasizing direct experience and active learning rather than traditional didactic sessions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899390/-if-it-s-a-medical-issue-i-would-have-covered-it-by-now-learning-about-fibromyalgia-through-the-hidden-curriculum-a-qualitative-study
#10
V Silverwood, C A Chew-Graham, I Raybould, B Thomas, S Peters
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a long-term condition that affects between 1 and 5% of the general population and lies within the spectrum of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). FMS can be difficult to diagnose and is usually done so as a diagnosis of exclusion. There is continuing debate regarding its legitimacy excluding other causes of symptoms. It is known that the diagnosis and management of MUS, including FMS, receives little attention in medical curricula and attitudes towards patients with FMS amongst medical professionals and trainees can be negative...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892175/-almost-forgetting-to-care-an-unanticipated-source-of-empathy-loss-in-clerkship
#11
Cheryl L Holmes, Harry Miller, Glenn Regehr
CONTEXT: The erosion of empathy in medical students is well documented. Both the hidden curriculum associated with poor role modelling and a sense of burnout have been proposed as key factors, but the precise mechanisms by which this loss of empathy occurs have not been elaborated. OBJECTIVES: In the context of a course designed to help students manage the hidden curriculum, we collected data that raised questions about current conceptualisations of the aspects of medical training that lead to loss of empathy...
July 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877035/academic-medicine-and-medical-professionalism-a-legacy-and-a-portal-into-an-evolving-field-of-educational-scholarship
#12
Frederic W Hafferty
In this Invited Commentary, the author examines two curated Academic Medicine volumes showcasing foundational research and key writings on professionalism in medicine and medical education, collectively spanning from 1994 to 2016. The author reviews the beginnings of the medical professionalism movement and examines how the trends and themes reflected in the first volume-specifically the work to define, assess, and institutionalize professionalism-capture key elements in this movement. He then examines how the trends and themes in the second volume align with and build on those from the first, noting two themes that extend across a number of second volume articles: a unit-of-analysis issue and the challenge of context...
September 5, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876989/the-hidden-curriculum-of-veterinary-education-mediators-and-moderators-of-its-effects
#13
Carrie A Roder, Stephen A May
The "hidden curriculum" has long been supposed to have an effect on students' learning during their clinical education, and in particular in shaping their ideas of what it means to be a professional. Despite this, there has been little evidence linking specific changes in professional attitudes to the individual components of the hidden curriculum. This study aimed to recognize those components that led to a change in students' professional attitudes at a UK veterinary school, as well as to identify the attitudes most affected...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841808/don-t-forget-the-hidden-curriculum
#14
Henry Maynard, David McGinn, Harry D J Knights
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830303/gp-recruitment-and-medical-education-part-of-the-solution
#15
Roger Jones
The current crisis in recruitment to general practice in the U.K. is likely, in part, to be caused by students' and recent graduates' negative perceptions of this career choice, perceptions which may have their roots in their experiences of general practice teaching and the effect of the 'hidden curriculum' in medical schools. There is some evidence that the expansion of the contribution of general practice in medical school curricula has stalled, and may even be shrinking, and of the diminishing visibility of general practice departments...
August 23, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738714/a-student-run-mobile-social-platform-enhanced-the-hidden-curriculum-teaching
#16
Rui Zhang, Kanhua Yin, Yang Xiang, Yiqin Huang, Yanni Lai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693566/medical-student-and-medical-school-teaching-faculty-perceptions-of-conflict-of-interest
#17
Nicholas S Andresen, Tyler S Olson, Matthew D Krasowski
BACKGROUND: Attitudes towards conflict of interest (COI) and COI policy are shaped during medical school and influence both the education of medical students and their future medical practice. Understanding the current attitudes of medical students and medical school teaching faculty may provide insight into what is taught about COI and COI policy within the 'hidden' medical curriculum. Differences between medical student and medical school teaching faculty perceptions of COI and COI policy have not been compared in detail...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652951/current-practices-in-assessing-professionalism-in-united-states-and-canadian-allopathic-medical-students-and-residents
#18
REVIEW
Nandini Nittur, Jonathan Kibble
Professionalism is a critically important competency that must be evaluated in medical trainees but is a complex construct that is hard to assess. A systematic review was undertaken to give insight into the current best practices for assessment of professionalism in medical trainees and to identify new research priorities in the field. A search was conducted on PubMed for behavioral assessments of medical students and residents among the United States and Canadian allopathic schools in the last 15 years. An initial search yielded 594 results, 28 of which met our inclusion criteria...
May 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642990/how-health-humanities-will-save-the-life-of-the-humanities
#19
Craig M Klugman
In the last decade, the humanities have been shrinking in number of students, percent of faculty, and in number of degrees awarded. Humanities students also earn lower salaries than their STEM-prepared peers. At the same time, the health humanities have been in ascendance over the last fifteen years. The number of majors, minors and certificates has increased 266% in that time frame, attracting large numbers of students and preparing future patients, lay caregivers, and health care providers to interact with a complicated and dehumanized medical system...
December 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625409/ideal-worker-and-academic-professional-identity-perspectives-from-a-career-flexibility-educational-intervention
#20
Lydia Pleotis Howell, Laurel A Beckett, Amparo C Villablanca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Medicine
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