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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245868/institutional-factors-affecting-participation-in-national-faculty-development-programs-a-nation-wide-investigation-of-medical-schools
#1
Do-Hwan Kim, Jinyoung Hwang, Seunghee Lee, Jwa-Seop Shin
BACKGROUND: Medical schools have used faculty development programs as an essential means to improve the instruction of faculty members. Thus far, however, participating in such programs has been largely voluntary for individuals even though a certain degree of participation is required to achieve practical effectiveness. In addition, the learning behaviors of faculty members are known to be influenced by organizational contexts such as a hidden curriculum. Therefore, this study explored the organizational characteristics of medical schools affecting attendance at faculty development programs...
February 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188945/assessment-of-clinical-teachers-professionalism-in-iran-from-residents-and-fellowships-perspective
#2
Sima Garshasbi, Hamidollah Bahador, Nahid Fakhraei, Abolfazl Farbod, Maryam Mohammadi, Soleiman Ahmady, Seyed Hassan Emami Razavi
In the present study, professional conduct of clinical teachers in Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Iran was assessed by their residents (n=292) and fellowships (n=48) using a standard questioner called self-reported measurement equipment. This evaluation was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Professionalism was questioned in four domains including clinical teacher-patient, clinical teacher-student, inter-professional and clinical teacher-self relationships. Accordingly, mean scores of the teachers in cases of clinical teacher-patient; clinical teacher-student, inter-professional (teamwork) and clinical teacher-self relations were 61%, 62...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184087/learning-to-look-from-different-perspectives-what-can-dental-undergraduates-learn-from-an-arts-and-humanities-based-teaching-approach
#3
F Smyth Zahra, K Dunton
By its nature, clinical teaching involves supporting small groups of dental students at the chairside as they treat their own patients. Scaffolding their learning in this way enables observation at close quarters of the various stages of development from early novice, just commencing clinical treatment of patients, to those approaching qualification. The students' main concerns throughout are not primarily with the technical skills required, which they have already been taught in the clinical skills laboratories, but dealing with the complex realities and ambiguities of clinical practice; the 'hidden curriculum' of decision making, judgement calls, issues of communication and what it actually means to be professional...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183408/developing-a-physician-s-professional-identity-through-medical-education
#4
Kenneth E Olive, Caroline L Abercrombie
Professionalism represents a fundamental characteristic of physicians. Professional organizations have developed professionalism competencies for physicians and medical students. The aim of teaching medical professionalism is to ensure the development of a professional identity in medical students. Professional identity formation is a process developed through teaching principles and appropriate behavioral responses to the stresses of being a physician. Addressing lapses and critical reflection is an important part of the educational process...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165673/a-preliminary-survey-of-professionalism-teaching-practices-in-anatomy-education-among-indian-medical-colleges
#5
Ilavenil Karunakaran, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, Sheela Das Nalinakumari
Professionalism and ethics have gained widespread recognition as competencies to be fulfilled, taught, and assessed within medical education. The role of the anatomy course in developed nations has evolved over time and now encompasses multiple domains, including knowledge, skills, and the inculcation of professionalism and ethics. The Medical Council of India recently recommended the integration of professionalism teaching in undergraduate medical curricula. The authors investigated whether the initial orientation lectures and instructions given by faculty at the outset of undergraduate medical anatomy courses throughout India served a "hidden curriculum" regarding professionalism practices, and whether these orientation messages could serve as an early exposure to medical professionalism and ethics for medical students...
February 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145946/emergency-medical-technician-training-during-medical-school-benefits-for-the-hidden-curriculum
#6
Rebecca Russ-Sellers, Thomas H Blackwell
PROBLEM: Medical schools are encouraged to introduce students to clinical experiences early, to integrate biomedical and clinical sciences, and to expose students to interprofessional health providers and teams. One important goal is for students to gain a better understanding of the patients they will care for in the future and how their social and behavioral characteristics may affect care delivery. APPROACH: To promote early clinical exposure and biomedical integration, in 2012 the University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville incorporated emergency medical technician (EMT) training into the curriculum...
January 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086770/social-pediatrics-weaving-horizontal-and-vertical-threads-through-pediatric-residency
#7
Meta van den Heuvel, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Rebecca Levy, Adelle Atkinson, Elizabeth Ford-Jones, Michelle Shouldice
BACKGROUND: Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients' social, environmental and political contexts. It's an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize social pediatric education in our pediatric residency training in order to identify strengths and gaps. METHODS: A social pediatrics curriculum map was developed, attending to 3 different dimensions: (1) the intended curriculum as prescribed by the Objectives of Training for Pediatrics of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), (2) the formal curriculum defined by rotation-specific learning objectives, and (3) the informal/hidden curriculum as reflected in resident and teacher experiences and perceptions...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026892/integration-of-a-low-cost-introductory-ultrasound-curriculum-into-existing-procedural-skills-education-for-preclinical-medical-students
#8
Lauren Maloney, Kristen Zach, Christopher Page, Neera Tewari, Matthew Tito, Peggy Seidman
We evaluated integration of an introductory ultrasound curriculum into our existing mandatory procedural skills program for preclinical medical students. Phantoms consisting of olives, pimento olives, and grapes embedded in opaque gelatin were developed. Four classes encouraged progressive refinement of phantom-scanning and object identification skills. Students improved their ability to identify hidden objects, although each object type achieved a statistically significant improvement in correct identification at different time points...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024234/the-hidden-curriculum-in-near-peer-learning-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#9
Lisa McKenna, Brett Williams
BACKGROUND: Near-peer learning involving students from the same course, but at different levels, has gained prominence in health professional education over recent years. At the authors' university, nursing and paramedic students engage in near-peer learning in clinical skills laboratories where junior students learn specific skills from senior students. Our observations indicated that beyond the skills teaching, unintended learning occurred repeatedly. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine near-peer learner and teacher experiences of participating in near-peer learning and to explore students' engagement beyond the skill being learnt...
March 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005789/review-of-uncovering-the-hidden-curriculum-of-global-health-electives-by-mutabdzic-d-azzie-g-in-ann-surg-263-853-854-2016
#10
Tara L Braun, Larry H Hollier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988206/what-do-pediatric-residents-gain-from-an-experience-in-juvenile-justice-a-qualitative-analysis-of-community-based-learning
#11
Elizabeth R Hanson, Erin P Finley, Jean A Petershack
BACKGROUND: Training in advocacy and community pediatrics often involves the use of community site visits. However, data on the specific knowledge, skills, and attitudes gained from these experiences are limited. In this study we used qualitative analysis of written narratives to explore the response of residents to a juvenile justice experience. METHODS: Pediatric residents participated in a week-long experience in the juvenile probation department and completed a written narrative...
December 15, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914993/-solid-paediatricians-in-fluid-times-reviving-professionalism
#12
Carmen Martínez González, María Tasso Cereceda, Marta Sánchez Jacob, Isolina Riaño Galán
Professionalism is rarely taught formally. It is learned by osmosis through the hidden curriculum: a set of attitudes that each one of us transmits unconsciously to students, medical residents, and colleagues. All of us are a model or counter-model of professionalism through a series of values that have been the pillars of our profession since Hippocrates. Values that do not seem to be strong enough to pass our time. There are specific factors of the 21st century such as the financial crisis, the highly technical nature of medicine, bureaucratisation or trivialisation of the medical process that could explain, but not justify, the decline in the values of our profession: Empathy, integrity, solidarity, the altruism, or confidentiality...
November 30, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909633/the-hidden-curriculum-exposing-the-unintended-lessons-of-medical-education
#13
Laura Hopkins, Lana Saciragic, Joanna Kim, Glenn Posner
INTRODUCTION:  The hidden curriculum is a set of ethical, moral, and value-based teachings communicated to doctors-in-training, providing a basis for their future interactions with patients, peers, and colleagues. The aim of our study is to introduce the concept of the hidden curriculum to a cohort of third-year medical students and to subsequently evaluate their understanding. In particular, we sought to measure and benchmark the degree of hidden curriculum recognition within a Canadian medical education context...
October 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905653/-perceptions-of-faculty-members-and-students-about-undergraduate-training-in-primary-health-care
#14
Mario Parada-Lezcano, María Inés Romero S, Fabián Moraga Cortés
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if medical education is preparing physicians to successfully work at primary health care settings. AIM: To explore what are the perceptions of faculty members and students about the type of physician needed and if medical education is coherent with the practice of primary health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen semi-structured interviews to key informants from faculty members and ten focus groups with students were carried out...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873406/watch-scrubs-a-video-observational-study-of-workplace-based-learning-at-sacred-heart-hospital
#15
Eliot L Rees, Yashashwi Sinha, Benjamin Davies, Patrick J Quinn
CONTEXT: Workplace-based learning remains the cornerstone of clinical training. Teaching in the clinical environment promotes active engagement as trainees are required to combine their competencies (e.g. skills in history taking, examination and clinical reasoning) to determine an appropriate course of action. High-quality clinical teaching supports and scaffolds trainees' learning in clinical workplaces. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the quality of clinical teaching at a large teaching hospital...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785819/visual-research-in-clinical-education
#16
Jeff Bezemer
AIM: The aim of this paper is to explore what might be gained from collecting and analysing visual data, such as photographs, scans, drawings, video and screen recordings, in clinical educational research. Its focus is on visual research that looks at teaching and learning 'as it naturally occurs' in the work place, in simulation centres and other sites, and also involves the collection and analysis of visual learning materials circulating in these sites. BACKGROUND: With the ubiquity of digital recording devices, video data and visual learning materials are now relatively cheap to collect...
January 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755175/leadership-development-programs-for-health-care-middle-managers-an-exploration-of-the-top-management-team-member-perspective
#17
Alan Whaley, William E Gillis
BACKGROUND: Hospitals throughout the United States establish leadership and management programs for their middle managers. Despite their pervasiveness and an increased emphasis on physician leadership, there is limited research regarding the development programs designed for clinical and nonclinical health care middle managers. PURPOSE: Using two theoretical lenses, signaling and institutional theory, this exploratory study investigates mid-sized hospital development programs from the perspective of top management team (TMT) members...
October 14, 2016: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715347/crucial-conversations-an-interprofessional-learning-opportunity-for-senior-healthcare-students
#18
Megan Delisle, Ruby Grymonpre, Rebecca Whitley, Debrah Wirtzfeld
Clinical errors due to human mistakes are estimated to result in 400,000 preventable deaths per year. Strategies to improve patient safety often rely on healthcare workers' ability to speak up with concerns. This becomes difficult during critical decision-making as a result of conflicting opinions and power differentials, themes underrepresented in many interprofessional initiatives. These elements are prominent in our interprofessional initiative, namely Crucial Conversations. We sought to evaluate this initiative as an interprofessional learning (IPL) opportunity for pre-licensure senior healthcare students, as a way to foster interprofessional collaboration, and as a method of empowering students to vocalise their concerns...
November 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669136/walking-the-walk-in-team-based-education-the-crimson-care-collaborative-clinic-in-family-medicine
#19
Kirsten Meisinger, Diana Wohler
Effective implementation of robust team-based care in the United States requires significant training for all team members. This education is integral to creating a culture of collaboration and respect among interprofessional members of the health care team. The lack of interprofessional clinical educational experiences contributes to a "hidden curriculum" that reinforces the problematic view that medicine is at the top of a hierarchy among health professions. However, learners themselves have started resisting this view by integrating cross-disciplinary team-based training into their own education...
September 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628184/impact-of-the-primary-care-curriculum-and-its-teaching-formats-on-medical-students-perception-of-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Christopher Chung, Hubert Maisonneuve, Eva Pfarrwaller, Marie-Claude Audétat, Alain Birchmeier, Lilli Herzig, Thomas Bischoff, Johanna Sommer, Dagmar M Haller
BACKGROUND: Switzerland is facing an impending primary care workforce crisis since almost half of all primary care physicians are expected to retire in the next decade. Only a minority of medical students choose a primary care specialty, further deepening the workforce shortage. It is therefore essential to identify ways to promote the choice of a primary care career. The aim of the present study was to explore students' views about the undergraduate primary care teaching curriculum and different teaching formats, and to evaluate the possible impact of these views on students' perceptions of primary care...
2016: BMC Family Practice
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