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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523263/a-rare-case-of-an-autoamputated-ovary-with-mature-cystic-teratoma
#1
Hwi Gon Kim, Yong Jung Song, Yong Jin Na, Juseok Yang, Ook Hwan Choi
Autoamputated ovary with mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is a rarely reported gynecologic entity with an unknown prevalence. A 34-year-old woman referred to our clinic for presumed left ovarian tumor. Pelvic examination, ultrasonography and computed tomography scan revealed a 5-cm, cystic ovarian mass with calcification and fat component, and tumor markers were as follows, cancer antigen (CA) 125; 10.4 U/mL, CA19-9; 2 U/mL. Laparoscopy was performed. The mass was identified in the left adnexal region without any ligamentous or direct connection with the pelvic organs...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512173/clinical-utility-of-risk-models-to-refer-patients-with-adnexal-masses-to-specialized-oncology-care-multicenter-external-validation-using-decision-curve-analysis
#2
Laure Wynants, Dirk Timmerman, Jan Verbakel, Antonia Testa, Luca Savelli, Daniela Fischerová, Dorella Franchi, Caroline D Van Holsbeke, Elisabeth Epstein, Wouter Froyman, Stefano Guerriero, Alberto Rossi, Robert Fruscio, Francesco Leone, Tom Bourne, Lil Valentin, Ben Van Calster
To evaluate the utility of pre-operative diagnostic models for ovarian cancer based on ultrasound and/or biomarkers for referring patients to specialized oncology care. The investigated models were RMI, ROMA, and three models from the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) group (LR2, ADNEX, and the Simple Rules risk score, SRRisks). <p>DESIGN: A secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from two cross-sectional cohort studies performed to externally validate diagnostic models.</p> <p>PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2763 patients (2403 in dataset 1 and 360 in dataset 2) from 18 centers (11 oncology centers and 7 non-oncology hospitals) in 6 countries...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494279/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-presenting-as-a-right-adnexal-mass-with-histopathologic-correlation
#3
Etan Dayan, Hongfa Zhu, Alan B Copperman, Sara Lewis, Amita Kamath
The authors report and discuss a rare case of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in a 35-year-old female, which was pre-procedurally characterized as a right ovarian mass by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features. This manuscript reviews the imaging and clinical features of GISTs with pathologic correlation, and emphasizes how this entity may present a diagnostic challenge in certain anatomic regions owing in large part to its exophytic nature. This case is unique among similarly reported cases in that there was a "claw sign" with the right ovary, which provided convincing evidence of its point of origin...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491175/mri-characteristics-of-primary-fallopian-tube-choriocarcinoma-a-case-report
#4
Hui-Ru Jia, Jing Zhang, You-Min Guo
Tubal choriocarcinoma is uncommon, and its magnetic resonance imaging characteristics have not yet been reported. In this report, a 39-year-old woman presented with irregular painless vaginal bleeding and a palpable left lower abdominal lump for 2 months following 6 weeks' amenorrhea and positive urine pregnancy test. Her serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin value was significantly increased. Ultrasound revealed a left adnexal mass, which showed no blood flow signal on Color doppler flow imaging. A further MR examination showed a well-defined cystic-solid mass with cystic component accounting for a large proportion in the left lower abdomen...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486244/pelvic-ultrasound-a-powerful-tool-in-managing-the-patient-with-an-adnexal-mass
#5
Bryann Bromley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485195/is-routine-adnexal-scanning-for-postmenopausal-bleeding-of-value-observational-study-of-2101-women
#6
Shagaf Bakour, Emmanuel Emovon, James Nevin, Ayman A A Ewies
Our objective is to assess the merits of adnexal scanning during the investigation of women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) in terms of adnexal cancer diagnosis. This observational study was designed utilising an institutional PMB database in a teaching hospital, analysing a sample of 2101 consecutive women with PMB seen between 16th February 2012 and 12th August 2014 looking at the prevalence of cancer in adnexal masses identified on Trans-vaginal ultrasound scanning (TVS) in these PMB women. This study suggests that routine adnexal scanning in women with PMB may provide no benefit...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480550/a-one-step-biomarker-quantification-methodology-for-dce-mri-of-adnexal-masses-capturing-kinetic-pattern-from-early-to-late-enhancement
#7
Anahita Fathi Kazerooni, Mahnaz Nabil, Hamidreza Haghighat Khah, Sara Parviz, Masoumeh Gity, Hamidreza Saligheh Rad
PURPOSE: To develop a one-step quantification approach that accounts for joint preprocessing and quantification of whole-range kinetics (early and late-phase washout) of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI of indeterminate adnexal masses. METHODS: Preoperative DCE-MRI of 43 (24 benign, 19 malignant) sonographically indeterminate adnexal masses were analyzed prospectively. A five-parameter sigmoid function was implemented to model the enhancement curves calculated within regions of interest...
May 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471131/primary-ovarian-fibrosarcoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Ozhan Ozdemır, Mustafa Erkan Sarı, Ertugrul Sen, Bunyamin Ugur Ilgın, Servet Gurescı, Cemal Resat Atalay
OBJECTIVES: Primary ovarian fibrosarcomas are extremely rare neoplasms, and only 50 cases have been reported in the English literature. Diagnosis can be difficult because of this condition's rarity, and other similar appearing mesenchymal lesions should be ruled out. METHODS: A 50-year-old postmenopausal woman came to our hospital because of abdominopelvic pain. Ultrasonography revealed a 41x33 mm heterogeneous solid mass in the right ovary. Total blood counts, biochemical parameters, and tumor markers were within normal ranges...
July 2016: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469848/aggressive-lymphoma-presenting-as-dysphagia-a-rare-cause-of-dysphagia
#9
Daniel Castresana, Pranshu Bansal, Mohammed A Vasef, Vidit Kapoor, Christopher Leone, Dulcinea Quintana
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) can involve the esophagus from local spread, distant metastasis and very rarely can also be the primary site. Once DLBCL is diagnosed, caution should be exercised in further evaluation for local treatments of sites like adnexal masses as was seen in this case; sometimes it is DLBCL at atypical sites.
May 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469345/primary-t-cell-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-of-the-ovary-a-case-report
#10
Sweta Singh, Susama Patra, Narbadyswari Deep Bag, Monalisha Naik
Primary ovarian lymphoma is extremely rare. We report a case of primary T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma of the ovary in a 31-year-old multiparous woman, who presented with abdominal pain. Her menstrual cycles were regular. There was no generalized lymphadenopathy or fever. On per abdominal examination, there was a firm, tender, solid, mobile mass with well-defined borders, corresponding to 20 weeks gestation, whose lower pole was easily reached. Per vaginum examination revealed a large adnexal mass in the right and anterior fornix...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466797/-a-girl-looking-pregnant
#11
N Pollmann, H J J van der Steeg, B A Semmekrot
We describe a 13-year-old girl with abdominal complaints and looking pregnant. MRI investigation showed an adnexal mass (28 x 19 x 12 cm), which was surgically removed. Histolpathological investigation revealed a mature cystic teratoma with no signs of malignant transformation.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452952/ultrasound-monitoring-of-extant-adnexal-masses-in-the-era-of-type-1-and-type-2-ovarian-cancers-lessons-learned-from-ovarian-cancer-screening-trials
#12
REVIEW
Eleanor L Ormsby, Edward J Pavlik, John P McGahan
Women that are positive for an ovarian abnormality in a clinical setting can have either a malignancy or a benign tumor with probability favoring the benign alternative. Accelerating the abnormality to surgery will result in a high number of unnecessary procedures that will place cost burdens on the individual and the health delivery system. Surveillance using serial ultrasonography is a reasonable alternative that can be used to discover if changes in the ovarian abnormality will occur that favor either a malignant or benign interpretation...
April 28, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433735/outpatient-endometrial-aspiration-an-alternative-to-methotrexate-for-pregnancy-of-unknown-location
#13
Iris G Insogna, Leslie V Farland, Stacey A Missmer, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Paula C Brady
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies of unknown location with abnormal beta-human chorionic gonadotropin trends are frequently treated as presumed ectopic pregnancies with methotrexate. Preliminary data suggest that outpatient endometrial aspiration may be an effective tool to diagnose pregnancy location, while also sparing women exposure to methotrexate. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of an endometrial sampling protocol for the diagnosis of pregnancies of unknown location after in vitro fertilization...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421907/a-review-of-the-open-laparoscopic-hasson-technique-and-retrieval-of-adnexal-specimen-via-umbilicus
#14
L F A Wong, B Anglim, N A Wahab, N Gleeson
Laparoscopic entry techniques vary amongst surgeons and gynaecologists, with gynaecologists favouring Veress needle entry. Recent RCOG/BSGE recommendations have recommended retrieval of ovarian masses via the umbilical port with resultant less postoperative pain and a faster retrieval time than with retrieval through lateral ports of the same size. This is a prospective observational study reviewing the Hasson entry technique and the introduction of retrieval of specimens via the umbilicus in patients scheduled for a laparoscopy procedure at our day surgery unit...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418343/the-use-of-human-epididymis-4-and-cancer-antigen-125-tumor-markers-in-the-benign-or-malignant-differential-diagnosis-of-pelvic-or-adnexal-masses
#15
Zehra Nihal Dolgun, Canan Kabaca, Ateş Karateke, Cem İyibozkurt, Cihan İnan, Ahmet Salih Altıntaş, Cihan Karadağ
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is one of the highest mortality cancers in gynaecology. Discrimination of benign masses from malignant ones may sometimes become a challenge for the clinician since there is not a reliable tumour marker, thus some unnecessary, highly morbid operations can be performed. AIMS: To explore the efficacy of human epididymis 4 (HE 4) and cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) markers in differentiating malignant and benign pelvic masses of ovarian origin and to identify the cut-off points for those markers...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400400/transperineal-aggressive-angiomyxoma
#16
Pedro Pereira, Elisa Melo Abreu, Teresa Margarida Cunha, Inês Rolim
A 45-year-old woman with a history of total hysterectomy with adnexal preservation for uterine leiomyomas presented to our hospital with a right gluteal palpable mass, which she first noticed 6 months before and had progressively enlarged since then.Radiological studies revealed a 14 cm lesion with translevator growth that displaced rather than invaded adjacent structures, with a peculiar whorled pattern on T2-weighted MRI, which enhanced following gadolinium administration. CT-guided biopsy was performed, and in conjunction with imaging features the diagnosis of an aggressive angiomyxoma was assumed and confirmed following surgical excision...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396218/analysis-of-clinical-and-ultrasound-determinants-of-adnexal-torsion-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Rebecca Jourjon, Baptiste Morel, Sabine Irtan, Etienne Audureau, Aurore Coulomb-L'Herminé, Michèle Larroquet, Hubert Ducou le Pointe, Eléonore Blondiaux
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the performance of transabdominal ultrasonography (US) for diagnosis of adnexal torsion (AT) in girls and adolescents and evaluate its clinical and US determinants. STUDY DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: We retrospectively (2004 to 2014) studied data for girls referred for acute or sub-acute pelvic pain who underwent US and included girls 3 months to 18 years old who underwent surgical exploration and/or clinical and radiological follow-up for at least 3 months...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394842/struma-ovarii-with-hyperthyroidism
#18
Lynn P Ang, Anca M Avram, Richard W Lieberman, Nazanene H Esfandiari
We report the case of a 61-year-old woman with persistent thyrotoxicosis for 7 years despite low thyroidal radioiodine uptake and methimazole treatment. Her initial I whole-body scan (WBS) was read as negative. Upon evaluation in our institution, she remained hyperthyroid after discontinuation of methimazole. Repeat WBS with SPECT/CT revealed low 24-hour thyroidal uptake (RAIU = 2%) and intensely focal radioiodine uptake in a large heterogeneous left pelvic mass, consistent with left adnexal struma ovarii. Resection of this mass confirmed benign struma ovarii...
June 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394545/parasitic-myoma-as-an-adnexal-mass-unexpected-finding-after-vaginal-hysterectomy
#19
Ratko Delić, Vladimir Weber
A rare case of parasitic myoma mimicking an adnexal mass in a previously hysterectomized, postmenopausal woman is presented. Two years after vaginal hysterectomy (due to myomas), an asymptomatic right adnexal tumor was noted during regular annual follow up. Ultrasound demonstrated a large 4-5 cm solid mass in the right adnexa, while ovarian cancer biomarkers (CA 125 and HE4) were negative. Intraoperatively, another 3 cm large solid tumor located above the vaginal cuff was discovered. Both pelvic tumors were excised by laparoscopic surgery...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393092/hormonal-based-treatment-of-ovarian-anaplastic-ependymoma-with-anastrozole
#20
Justin Wayne Gorski, Jolyn Sharpe Taylor, Jing Zhang, Jinsong Liu, Amir Anthony Jazaeri
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian anaplastic ependymoma is a rare gynecologic malignancy that poses diagnostic and treatment challenges. Treatment of sub-optimally debulked disease usually portends poor prognosis. Molecular testing of tumor specimen can identify more specific targets for additional therapy such as estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER/PR). CASE: A 29-year-old woman presented with incidental finding of large bilateral adnexal masses and elevated CA 125. Biopsy proved anaplastic ovarian ependymoma with high ER/PR expression...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
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