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Postpartum health surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057118/-the-nutrition-status-of-lactating-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Nutritional status of lactating women is considered to be a quantitative indicator reflecting the status of reproductive health. To improve nutrition status of lactating women and promote breastfeeding through targeted intervention measures, their dietary and nutritional situations, and related problems, should be fully understood. Generally, energy and macronutrient intake of lactating women can reach or exceed recommended levels, especially during the first month postpartum. However, the intake of some micronutrients is difficult to meet the requirement...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057110/-the-status-of-postpartum-weight-retention-and-its-associated-factors-among-chinese-lactating-women-in-2013
#2
J Wang, Z Y Yang, X H Pang, Y F Duan, S Jiang, L Y Zhao, S A Yin, J Q Lai
Objective: To analyze the status of postpartum weight retention and its associated factors among Chinese lactating women in 2013. Methods: This study was based on the databank of Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2013. Using the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, we enrolled 12 514 women, at 0-24 months postpartum, from 55 sites in 30 provinces of China (excluding the Tibet Autonomous Region). Questionnaires were used to collect data on basic characteristics, physical activity, lifestyle, food intake, pre-pregnancy weight, weight before delivery, disease history during pregnancy, delivery date, delivery mode, parity and breastfeeding information...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057108/-nutritional-status-and-influence-of-vitamin-d-among-chinese-lactating-women-in-2013
#3
X H Pang, Z Y Yang, J Wang, Y F Duan, L Y Zhao, S A Yin, J Q Lai
Objective: To analyze serum vitamin D levels in Chinese lactating women, in 2013, and to evaluate their vitamin D nutritional status and influencing factors. Methods: Data were from the Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2013. Using the multistage stratified cluster sampling method, serum samples from lactating women, at 0-24 months postpartum, were obtained from 55 sites in 30 provinces of China, excluding the Tibet Autonomous Region. The concentration of serum vitamin D was determined by mass spectroscopy...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057107/-risk-factors-for-prevalence-of-folic-acid-deficiency-in-chinese-lactating-women-in-2013
#4
Y Bi, Y F Duan, J Wang, D M Yu, X G Yang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang
Objective: The study aimed to assess the folic acid status of lactating women in China and to analyze factors related to folic acid deficiency in these subjects. Methods: The data on lactating women were extracted from the Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2013. By a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, 10 331 lactating women were selected for the study. The lactating women, 0-24 months postpartum, were from 55 sites in 30 provinces of China, excluding the Tibet Autonomous Region...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057106/-dietary-intake-status-of-chinese-lactating-women-during-the-first-month-postpartum-in-2013
#5
Y F Duan, S Jiang, J Wang, L Y Zhao, X H Pang, Y Bi, S A Yin, Z Y Yang
Objective: To assess the dietary intake status of Chinese lactating women during the first month postpartum. Methods: Data were extracted from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance, children aged 0-5 years and lactating women (2013). A total of 55 counties from 30 provinces in China (excluding the Tibet Autonomous Region) were selected using a multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method. A group of 3 623 lactating women, at 1-6 months after delivery, were investigated in the study...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005487/perinatal-hiv-exposure-surveillance-and-reporting-in-the-united-states-2014
#6
Kathleen A Brady, Deborah S Storm, Azita Naghdi, Toni Frederick, Jessica Fridge, Mary Jo Hoyt
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the current status of perinatal HIV exposure surveillance (PHES) activities and regulations in the United States and to make recommendations to strengthen PHES. METHODS: In 2014, we sent an online survey to health departments in the 50 states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and 6 cities and counties (Chicago, Illinois; Houston, Texas; Los Angeles, California; New York, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and San Francisco, California)...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788415/increasing-possibilities-increasing-dilemmas-a-qualitative-study-of-swedish-midwives-experiences-of-ultrasound-use-in-pregnancy
#7
Kristina Edvardsson, Ann Lalos, Annika Åhman, Rhonda Small, Sophie Graner Md PhD, Ingrid Mogren
OBJECTIVE: to explore Swedish midwives' experiences and views of the use of obstetric ultrasound in clinical management of pregnancy, and in situations where maternal and fetal health interests conflict. DESIGN: an exploratory qualitative study based on focus group discussions (FGDs) was undertaken in 2013 as part of the CROss Country Ultrasound Study (CROCUS). Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: midwives (N=25) were recruited from four public hospitals located in the northern and central parts of Sweden...
November 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741551/thyroid-cancer-in-pregnancy
#8
Sophia S Yu, Lindsay A Bischoff
Owing to the young median age of diagnosis, thyroid cancer in women can coincide with pregnancy and affect its management. The evaluation of a thyroid nodule in pregnant women is similar to that in nonpregnant women, but special consideration must be taken for the impact of a cancer diagnosis and its sequelae in pregnancy. The initial comprehensive exam for pregnant and nonpregnant women includes evaluation of the biochemical function and structure of the thyroid gland, and then fine-needle aspiration biopsy of any suspicious nodule...
November 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737646/maternal-vitamin-d-supplementation-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-to-prevent-acute-respiratory-infections-in-infancy-in-dhaka-bangladesh-mdari-trial-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study-nested-within-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Shaun K Morris, Lisa G Pell, Mohammed Ziaur Rahman, Michelle C Dimitris, Abdullah Mahmud, M Munirul Islam, Tahmeed Ahmed, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Tahmid Kashem, Shaila S Shanta, Jonathan Gubbay, Eszter Papp, Michelle Science, Stanley Zlotkin, Daniel E Roth
BACKGROUND: Early infancy is a high-risk period for severe acute respiratory infection (ARI), particularly in low-income countries with resource-limited health systems. Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is commonly preceded by upper respiratory infection (URTI), and often caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza and other common community-acquired viral pathogens. Vitamin D status is a candidate modifiable early-life determinant of the host antiviral immune response and thus may influence the risk of ARI-associated morbidity in high-risk populations...
October 13, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648256/burden-of-severe-maternal-morbidity-and-association-with-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-south-asia-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The AMANHI morbidity study aims to quantify and describe severe maternal morbidities and assess their associations with adverse maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes in predominantly rural areas of nine sites in eight South Asian and sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: AMANHI takes advantage of on-going population-based cohort studies covering approximately 2 million women of reproductive age with 1- to 3-monthly pregnancy surveillance to enrol pregnant women...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557860/evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-london-measure-of-unplanned-pregnancy-in-brazilian-portuguese
#11
Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Geraldine Barrett, Osmara Alves Dos Santos, Natalia de Castro Nascimento, Fernanda Bigio Cavalhieri, Elizabeth Fujimori
BACKGROUND: Estimates of unplanned pregnancy worldwide are of concern, especially in low and middle-income countries, including Brazil. Although the contraceptive prevalence rate is high in Brazil, almost half of all pregnancies are reported as unintended. The only source of nationally representative data about pregnancy intention is the Demographic and Health Survey, as with many other countries. In more recent years, however, it has been realized that concept of unintended pregnancy is potentially more complex and requires more sophisticated measurement strategies, such as the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP)...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490117/contraceptive-use-among-nonpregnant-and-postpartum-women-at-risk-for-unintended-pregnancy-and-female-high-school-students-in-the-context-of-zika-preparedness-united-states-2011-2013-and-2015
#12
Sheree L Boulet, Denise V D'Angelo, Brian Morrow, Lauren Zapata, Erin Berry-Bibee, Maria Rivera, Sascha Ellington, Lisa Romero, Eva Lathrop, Meghan Frey, Tanya Williams, Howard Goldberg, Lee Warner, Leslie Harrison, Shanna Cox, Karen Pazol, Wanda Barfield, Denise J Jamieson, Margaret A Honein, Charlan D Kroelinger
Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause congenital microcephaly and brain abnormalities (1,2). Since 2015, Zika virus has been spreading through much of the World Health Organization's Region of the Americas, including U.S. territories. Zika virus is spread through the bite of Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, by sex with an infected partner, or from a pregnant woman to her fetus during pregnancy.* CDC estimates that 41 states are in the potential range of Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus mosquitoes (3), and on July 29, 2016, the Florida Department of Health identified an area in one neighborhood of Miami where Zika virus infections in multiple persons are being spread by bites of local mosquitoes...
August 5, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241525/respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-in-infants-in-rural-nepal
#13
Helen Y Chu, Joanne Katz, James Tielsch, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Steven C LeClerq, Amalia Magaret, Jane Kuypers, Mark Steinhoff, Janet A Englund
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) pneumonia is a leading cause of infant mortality worldwide. The risk of RSV infection associated with preterm birth is not well-characterized in resource-limited settings. We aimed to obtain precise estimates of risk factors and disease burden of RSV in infants in rural southern Nepal. METHODS: Pregnant women were enrolled, and along with their infants, followed to six months after birth with active weekly home-based surveillance for acute respiratory illness (ARI)...
August 2016: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092430/postpartum-laboratory-follow-up-in-women-with-hepatitis-b-in-massachusetts-from-2007-to-2012
#14
Matthew S Chang, Kerri Barton, Molly Crockett, Ruth E Tuomala, Anna E Rutherford, Muthoka L Mutinga, Karin L Andersson, Robert S Brown, Emily Oken, Chinweike Ukomadu
GOALS: To determine postpartum hepatitis B virus (HBV) laboratory testing rates and identify factors associated with a lack of follow-up testing in Massachusetts. BACKGROUND: Screening for HBV infection in pregnant women is standard of care. Guidelines recommend that patients with chronic HBV have ongoing care and laboratory testing, but little is known about postpartum maternal HBV care outcomes. STUDY: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using Massachusetts Virtual Epidemiologic Network, an electronic public health surveillance system maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26916141/the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-clinical-diagnosis-tool-and-treatment-regimen-for-postpartum-sepsis-in-bangladesh-and-pakistan
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
L A Bartlett, A E LeFevre, F Mir, S Soofi, S Arif, D K Mitra, M A Quaiyum, S Shakoor, M S Islam, N E Connor, P J Winch, M E Reller, R Shah, S El Arifeen, A H Baqui, Z A Bhutta, A Zaidi, S Saha, S A Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Postpartum sepsis accounts for most maternal deaths between three and seven days postpartum, when most mothers, even those who deliver in facilities, are at home. Case fatality rates for untreated women are very high. Newborns of ill women have substantially higher infection risk. METHODS/DESIGN: The objectives of this study are to: (1) create, field-test and validate a tool for community health workers to improve diagnostic accuracy of suspected puerperal sepsis; (2) measure incidence and identify associated risk factors and; (3) describe etiologic agents responsible and antibacterial susceptibility patterns...
February 25, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26854707/type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-preconception-and-in-pregnancy-health-impacts-influence-of-obesity-and-lifestyle-and-principles-of-management
#16
REVIEW
Sally K Abell, Alison Nankervis, Khalid S Khan, Helena J Teede
Preexisting diabetes in pregnancy results in increased risks to the mother, fetus, and neonate. Preconception care is vital to reduce risk of miscarriage, congenital malformations, and perinatal mortality. Preconception care should empower women with realistic goal setting, healthy lifestyle, and diabetes self-management skills, to ensure a positive experience of the pregnancy and to reduce diabetes-related distress. In high-risk women without known diabetes, preconception and early antenatal screening is crucial to enable prompt treatment of hyperglycemia and any complications...
March 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26683692/fatigue-as-a-manifestation-of-psychosocial-distress-in-a-low-income-country-a-population-based-panel-study
#17
Caroline Smartt, Girmay Medhin, Atalay Alem, Vikram Patel, Michael Dewey, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is a common complaint worldwide and associated with disability and high health service use costs. We tested the hypothesis that maternal fatigue would be associated independently with maternal common mental disorder ('maternal CMD') in a rural, low-income country setting. METHODS: The analysis was conducted using data from a population-based cohort located in the Butajira demographic surveillance site, Ethiopia. A total of 1065 women were recruited in pregnancy and followed up to 2...
March 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643488/contraceptive-adoption-discontinuation-and-switching-among-postpartum-women-in-nairobi-s-urban-slums
#18
Joyce N Mumah, Kazuyo Machiyama, Michael Mutua, Caroline W Kabiru, John Cleland
Unmet need for contraception is highest within 12 months post-delivery, according to research. Using longitudinal data from the Nairobi Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System, we assess the dynamics of contraceptive use during the postpartum period among women in Nairobi's slums. Results show that by 6 months postpartum, 83 percent of women had resumed sexual activity and 51 percent had resumed menses, yet only 49 percent had adopted a modern contraceptive method. Furthermore, almost half of women discontinued a modern method within 12 months of initiating use, with many likely to switch to another short-term method with high method-related dissatisfaction...
December 2015: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643457/sexual-inactivity-and-sexual-satisfaction-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada-in-the-context-of-growing-social-legal-and-public-health-surveillance
#19
Angela Kaida, Allison Carter, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Sophie Patterson, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Adriana Nohpal, Paul Sereda, Guillaume Colley, Nadia O'Brien, Jamie Thomas-Pavanel, Kerrigan Beaver, Valerie J Nicholson, Wangari Tharao, Mylène Fernet, Joanne Otis, Robert S Hogg, Mona Loutfy
INTRODUCTION: Women represent nearly one-quarter of the 71,300 people living with HIV in Canada. Within a context of widespread HIV-related stigma and discrimination and on-going risks to HIV disclosure, little is known about the influence of growing social, legal and public health surveillance of HIV on sexual activity and satisfaction of women living with HIV (WLWH). METHODS: We analyzed baseline cross-sectional survey data for WLWH (≥16 years, self-identifying as women) enrolled in the Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS), a multisite, longitudinal, community-based research study in British Columbia (BC), Ontario (ON) and Quebec (QC)...
2015: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600920/risk-factors-leading-to-preterm-births-in-morocco-a-prospective-study-at-the-maternity-souissi-in-rabat
#20
Nargisse Sabiri, Meryem Kabiri, Rachid Razine, Amina Barkat
INTRODUCTION: Eminent morbidity and mortality of preterm infants is perceived, especially in developing countries. The aim of the study is to identify the main factors involved in the occurrence of premature births in Morocco. METHODS: This was a descriptive and analytical study conducted at the maternity Souissi in Rabat, from January 2011 to December 2011. The data were collected using interview with women in the postpartum, and via, the exploitation of obstetric and perinatal records...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
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