keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neem

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330106/enhanced-production-of-pectinase-by-aspergillus-terreus-ncft-4269-10-using-banana-peels-as-substrate
#1
Bijay Kumar Sethi, Prativa Kumari Nanda, Santilata Sahoo
Aspergillus terreus NCFT4269.10 was implemented in solid-state (SSF) and liquid static surface fermentation (LSSF) for biosynthesis of pectinase. Amongst various substrates, like, mustard oil cake, neem oil cake, groundnut oil cake, black gram peels, green gram peels, chickling vetch peels/grass pea peels wheat bran, pearl millet residues, finger millet waste, broken rice, banana peels (BP), apple pomace (AP) and orange peels, banana peel (Musa paradisiaca L.; Family: Musaceae) was most suitable for pectinase biosynthesis (LSSF: 400 ± 21...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319870/topical-application-of-neem-leaves-prevents-wrinkles-formation-in-uvb-exposed-hairless-mice
#2
Hien T T Ngo, Eunson Hwang, Seul-A Seo, Bom Park, Zheng-Wang Sun, Mengyang Zhang, Yu-Kyong Shin, Tae-Hoo Yi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296187/lethal-and-sublethal-effects-of-pesticides-in-the-management-of-polyphagotarsonemus-latus-banks-acari-tarsonemidae-on-capsicum-annuum-l
#3
Mariana O Breda, José V Oliveira, Alberto B Esteves Filho, Douglas R S Barbosa, Andrezo A Santos
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of lethal and sublethal effects are of great importance for a complete assessment of the total impact of chemical compounds upon pest populations and the development of management strategies. At this study, the lethal and sublethal effects of different synthetic and botanical products were evaluated upon the broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks), a major pest of Capsicum annuum L and other crops. RESULTS: Abamectin presented the highest lethal effect to P...
March 15, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278641/a-new-azadirachta-from-the-crude-extracts-of-neem-azadirachta-indica-a-juss-seeds
#4
Quan Gao, Jia Sun, Hang Xun, Xi Yao, Jin Wang, Feng Tang
One new compound, 2H, 3H-cyclopent[b] furo [2',3':4,5] naphtho [2,4-d] heptlactone-[3,7] furan-6aceticacid, 3-(acetyloxy)-8-(3-furyl)-2a, 4a, 4b, 4c,5,5a, 6, 6a, 8, 9,9a, 10a,10b-13 hydrogen-2a,5a,6a,5-tetramethyl-3-[[(2E)-2-methyl-1-oxo-2-butenyl]oxy]-methyl ester, named azadirachta R (1), along with 10 known ones, Azadirachta A, AZ-B, AZ-D, AZ-H, AZ-I, nimbin, deacetylnimbin, salannin, deacetylsalannin and azadiradione were isolated from the crude extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seeds, which were determined by UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS and NMR data analyses...
February 24, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246003/in-vitro-evaluation-of-acaricidal-activity-of-novel-green-silver-nanoparticles-against-deltamethrin-resistance-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus
#5
B Avinash, R Venu, M Alpha Raj, K Srinivasa Rao, Ch Srilatha, T N V K V Prasad
An investigation was undertaken to study, for the first time, in vitro acaricidal activity of green silver nanoparticles on deltamethrin resistance Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. The compounds tested were neem coated silver nanoparticles (N-Ag NPs), deltamethrin neem coated silver nanoparticles (DN-Ag NPs), 2, 3 dehydrosalannol (2,3 DHS), 2, 3 DHS coated silver nanoparticles (2, 3-DHS-Ag NPs), Quercetin dihydrate (QDH) and QDH coated silver nanoparticles (QDH-Ag NPs). Also included in this study, for the purpose of comparison, were neem leaf extract (NLE), silver nitrate (AgNO3) and deltamethrin (D)...
February 21, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242332/synthesis-of-chitosan-incorporated-neem-seed-extract-azadirachta-indica-for-medical-textiles
#6
T Revathi, S Thambidurai
In present study, eco-friendly biosynthesis of Chitosan-Neem seed (CS-NS) composite was prepared by co-precipitation method using aqueous neem seed extract. Cotton fabrics were treated with two different crosslinking agents (Glutaraldehyde and Citric acid) then the synthesized composite coated on cotton fabric by chemical linkage between the composite and the cellulose structure. As synthesized composite materials and treated cotton fabrics were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy for functional groups confirmation, X-ray diffraction for crystalline behavior determination, UV-vis spectroscopy analysis for optical property and High resolution scanning electron microscopy for Surface morphological properties...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221960/mycotoxin-contamination-in-stored-maize-and-groundnuts-based-on-storage-practices-and-conditions-in-subhumid-tropical-africa-the-case-of-kilosa-district-tanzania
#7
K S Magembe, M W Mwatawala, D P Mamiro
Experiments were conducted to assess the influence of storage practices on mycotoxin incidences in stored maize and groundnuts in Kilosa District, Eastern Central Tanzania. Factorial experiments were used to test the effects of processing, storage conditions, and protectants at 3-month intervals for 12 weeks. Temperature and relative humidity data were recorded by using data loggers. The differences among the treatment means were compared using Tukey's honestly significant difference test at 5% probability level...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209019/efficacy-of-specific-plant-products-on-microorganisms-causing-dental-caries
#8
M Rajini Kanth, A Ravi Prakash, G Sreenath, Vikram Simha Reddy, S Huldah
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are the most common oral diseases seen globally, both in developed and developing countries. Oral microorganisms that is gram positive and gram negative bacteria are known to be involved in causation of these diseases. Nowadays commercially available dentrifices and mouth rinses are known to contain ingredients that can alter the oral microbial flora and have undesirable side effects such as vomiting, diarrhoea, disarrangement of oral, intestinal flora and tooth staining...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157393/oral-systemic-botanical-agents-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-a-review
#9
Benjamin Farahnik, Divya Sharma, Joseph Alban, Raja Sivamani
INTRODUCTION: Patients with psoriasis often use botanical therapies as part of their treatment. It is important for clinicians to be aware of the current evidence regarding these agents as they treat patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using the PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE database for randomized clinical trials assessing the use of botanical therapeutics for psoriasis. The search included the following keywords: "psoriasis" and "plant" or "herbal" or "botanical...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143560/insecticidal-effects-of-deltamethrin-in-laboratory-and-field-populations-of-culicoides-species-how-effective-are-host-contact-reduction-methods-in-india
#10
Rien De Keyser, Clare Cassidy, Swathi Laban, Prakash Gopal, John A Pickett, Yarabolu K Reddy, Minakshi Prasad, Gaya Prasad, Sreekumar Chirukandoth, Kandasamy Senthilven, Simon Carpenter, James G Logan
BACKGROUND: Bluetongue virus (BTV) is transmitted by Culicoides biting midges and causes bluetongue (BT), a clinical disease observed primarily in sheep. BT has a detrimental effect on subsistence farmers in India, where hyperendemic outbreaks impact on smallholdings in the southern states of the country. In this study, we establish a reliable method for testing the toxic effects of deltamethrin on Culicoides and then compare deltamethrin with traditional control methods used by farmers in India...
January 31, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107536/correction-methylation-markers-of-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Kaie Lokk, Tõnu Vooder, Raivo Kolde, Kristjan Välk, Urmo Võsa, Retlav Roosipuu, Lili Milani, Krista Fischer, Marina Koltsina, Egon Urgard, Tarmo Annilo, Andres Metspalu, Neeme Tõnisson
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039813.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101834/management-of-acute-skin-toxicity-with-hypericum-perforatum-and-neem-oil-during-platinum-based-concurrent-chemo-radiation-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#12
Pierfrancesco Franco, Monica Rampino, Oliviero Ostellino, Marina Schena, Giancarlo Pecorari, Paolo Garzino Demo, Massimo Fasolis, Francesca Arcadipane, Stefania Martini, Chiara Cavallin, Mario Airoldi, Umberto Ricardi
Acute skin toxicity is a frequent finding during combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy in head and neck cancer patients. Its timely and appropriate management is crucial for both oncological results and patient's global quality of life. We herein report clinical data on the use of Hypericum perforatum and neem oil in the treatment of acute skin toxicity during concurrent chemo-radiation for head and neck cancer. A consecutive series of 50 head and neck cancer patients undergoing concomitant radio-chemotherapy with weekly cisplatin was analyzed...
February 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100884/stabilization-of-neem-oil-biodiesel-with-corn-silk-extract-during-long-term-storage
#13
Rehab Farouk M Ali, Ayman M El-Anany
The current study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant efficiency of different extracts of corn silk. In addition, the impact of corn silk extract on oxidative stability of neem biodiesel during storage was studied. The highest phenolics, DPPH radical scavenging and reducing power activities were recorded for methanol-water extract. The longest oxidation stability (10 h) was observed for biodiesel samples blended with 1000 ppm of corn silk extract (CSE). At the end of storage period the induction time of biodiesel samples mixed with 1000 ppm of CSE or butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) were about 6...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091970/comparison-of-two-adsorbent-based-de-bittering-procedures-for-neem-azadirachta-indica-a-juss-tea-effect-on-polyphenols-anti-oxidant-capacity-color-and-volatile-profile
#14
Abhinandya Datta, Ingolf U Grün, Misha T Kwasniewski, Lakdas N Fernando
Bitterness reduction, especially of foods and beverages containing phytonutrients, is one of the biggest challenges in the food industry because bitterness has a deleterious effect on the taste profile of foods and beverages. Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) is a medicinal tree, indigenous to the Indian-subcontinent, whose medicinal properties have led to it being heralded as the tree which is the "panacea for all diseases". However, neem leaf is extremely bitter, in large part due to its limonoid content, making it unpalatable...
March 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073976/effects-of-carriers-emulsifiers-and-biopesticides-for-direct-silk-treatments-on-caterpillar-feeding-damage-and-ear-development-in-sweet-corn
#15
P J Westgate, B B Schultz, R V Hazzard
In the northeastern United States, control of Lepidopteran pests of sweet corn, particularly corn earworm [Helicoverpa zea (Boddie)], is difficult using organic methods. The direct application of corn oil and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) to corn silk has been shown to reduce ear damage from corn earworm in past studies; these studies sought to optimize this method by evaluating additional carrier and biopesticide mixtures that comply with the United States Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and National Organic Standards...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063085/can-toxicants-used-against-cotton-mealybug-phenacoccus-solenopsis-be-compatible-with-an-encyrtid-parasitoid-aenasius-bambawalei-under-laboratory-conditions
#16
Hayat Badshah, Farman Ullah, Paul Andre Calatayud, Hidayat Ullah, Bashir Ahmad
The cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Sternorrhyncha: Pseudococcidae) is a serious pest of various cultivated plants in Pakistan. Recent reports show that the parasitoid Aenasius bambawalei Hayat (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) is a good biocontrol agent of the pest. Compatibleness is important in any IPM programme, and the insecticide used must have little or no effects on the biological control agent. This study investigated the compatibility of neem treatments and a commercial insecticide, imidacloprid on A...
January 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062071/chemical-profile-and-defensive-function-of-the-latex-of-euphorbia-peplus
#17
Juan Hua, Yan Liu, Chao-Jiang Xiao, Shu-Xi Jing, Shi-Hong Luo, Sheng-Hong Li
Plant latex is an endogenous fluid secreted from highly specialized laticifer cells and has been suggested to act as a plant defense system. The chemical profile of the latex of Euphorbia peplus was investigated. A total of 13 terpenoids including two previously unknown diterpenoids, (2S*,3S*,4R*,5R*,6R*,8R*,l1R*,13S*,14S*,15R*, 16R*)-5,8,15-triacetoxy-3-benzoyloxy-11,16-dihydroxy-9-oxopepluane and (2R*,3R*, 4S*,5R*,7S*,8S*,9S*,l3S*,14S*,15R*)-2,5,8,9,14-pentaacetoxy-3-benzoyloxy-15-hydroxy-7-isobutyroyloxyjatropha-6(17),11E-diene), ten known diterpenoids, and a known acyclic triterpene alcohol peplusol, were identified, using HPLC and UPLC-MS/MS analyses and through comparison with the authentic compounds isolated from the whole plant...
April 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040634/insights-on-germinability-and-desiccation-tolerance-in-developing-neem-seeds-azadirachta-indica-role-of-aos-antioxidative-enzymes-and-dehydrin-like-protein
#18
Balram Sahu, Alok Kumar Sahu, Srinivasa Rao Chennareddy, Avinash Soni, Subhash Chandra Naithani
The germinability and desiccation tolerance (DT) in developing seed are regulated by cellular metabolism involving active oxygen species (AOS) and protective proteins during maturation drying. The aim of the present investigation was to unravel the functions of AOS (superoxide, H2O2 and OH-radical), antioxidative enzymes (SOD, CAT and APX) and dehydrin-like proteins in regulating the germinability and DT in undried and artificially desiccated developing neem seeds. Germination was first observed in seeds of 8 weeks after anthesis (waa) whereas DT was noticed from 9 waa...
December 25, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025912/of-spheres-and-squares-can-sloterdijk-help-us-rethink-the-architecture-of-climate-science
#19
Martin Skrydstrup
This article explores how different visions and values of science translate into different architectural shapes. I bring Peter Sloterdijk's 'spherology' to bear on my ethnographic fieldwork at the NEEM ice core base in Greenland, a significant node in the global infrastructure of climate science. I argue that the visual form of the geodesic dome of the camp materializes specific values and visions of this branch of paleoclimate science, which I elaborate vis-a-vis the pragmatic claims of the scientists/designers and the particular architectural history of Danish ice core drilling in Greenland...
December 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012368/selectivity-of-plant-extracts-for-trichogramma-pretiosum-riley-hym-trichogrammatidae
#20
Fátima Terezinha Rampelotti-Ferreira, Aloisio Coelho, José Roberto Postali Parra, José Djair Vendramim
We evaluated the selectivity of three plant extracts with potential insecticidal effects for the parasitoid Trichogramma pretiosum Riley, which is commonly used in biological pest control. The plant extracts assayed were an acetone extract of Toona ciliata M. Roem., commercial neem oil, and a nanoencapsulated formulation of neem oil (NC40). The toxicity of the plant extracts to T. pretiosum was evaluated according to the recommendations of the International Organization for Biological Control- IOBC Working Group...
April 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
keyword
keyword
113220
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"