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Li-Wan Lee, Ya-Ling Lee, Sheng-Huang Hsiao, Hung-Pin Lin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Bacteria in the tooth root canal may cause apical periodontitis. This study examined the bacterial species present in the apical root canal of teeth with apical periodontitis. Antibiotic sensitivity tests were performed to evaluate whether these identified bacterial species were susceptible to specific kinds of antibiotics. METHODS: Selective media plating and biochemical tests were used first to detect the bacterial species in samples taken from the apical portion of root canals of 62 teeth with apical periodontitis...
October 10, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Camila Faria Carrada, Flávia Almeida Ribeiro Scalioni, Dionéia Evangelista Cesar, Karina Lopes Devito, Luiz Cláudio Ribeiro, Rosangela Almeida Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare salivary periodontopathic bacteria between groups of Down syndrome and non-Down syndrome children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included a sample of 30 Down syndrome children and adolescents (G-DS) and 30 age- and sex-matched non-Down syndrome subjects (G-ND). Clinical examination determined the gingival bleeding index (GBI) and plaque index. Unstimulated whole saliva samples were collected from all participants...
2016: PloS One
Rajeev K Mehlotra, Noemi B Hall, Barne Willie, Catherine M Stein, Aaron Weinberg, Peter A Zimmerman, Lance T Vernon
Polymorphisms in toll-like receptor (TLR) and β-defensin (DEFB) genes have been recognized as potential genetic factors that can influence susceptibility to and severity of periodontal diseases (PD). However, data regarding associations between these polymorphisms and PD are still scarce in North American populations, and are not available in HIV+ North American populations. In this exploratory study, we analyzed samples from HIV+ adults (n = 115), who received primary HIV care at 3 local outpatient HIV clinics and were monitored for PD status...
2016: PloS One
Hye-Kyoung Jun, Young-Jung Jung, Bong-Kyu Choi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze whether periodontopathogens induced inflammatory cell death and the release of diverse endogenous danger molecules in THP-1-derived macrophages. METHODS: The macrophages were treated with Treponema denticola, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Tannerella forsythia. Activation of caspase-1 and caspase-4 was detected by Western blotting. Cell death of bacteria-stimulated macrophages was examined using a lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay and propidium iodide (PI)/annexin V (AV) staining...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Kurni Kurniyati, John F Kelly, Evgeny Vinogradov, Anna Robotham, Youbing Tu, Juyu Wang, Jun Liu, Susan M Logan, Chunhao Li
While protein glycosylation has been reported in several spirochetes including the syphilis bacterium Treponema pallidum and Lyme disease pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi, the pertinent glycan structures and their roles remain uncharacterized. Herein, we report a novel glycan with an unusual chemical composition and structure in the oral spirochete Treponema denticola, a keystone pathogen of periodontitis. The identified glycan of mass 450.2 Da is composed of a monoacetylated nonulosonic acid (Non) with a novel extended N7 acyl modification, a 2-methoxy-4,5,6-trihydroxy-hexanoyl residue in which the Non has a pseudaminic acid configuration (L-glycero-L-manno) and is β-linked to serine or threonine residues...
October 1, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
Michael R Miller, Kelly A Miller, Jiang Bian, Milinda E James, Sheng Zhang, Michael J Lynch, Patrick S Callery, Justin M Hettick, Andrew Cockburn, Jun Liu, Chunhao Li, Brian R Crane, Nyles W Charon
Spirochaetes are bacteria responsible for several serious diseases, including Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi), syphilis (Treponema pallidum) and leptospirosis (Leptospira interrogans), and contribute to periodontal diseases (Treponema denticola)(1). These spirochaetes employ an unusual form of flagella-based motility necessary for pathogenicity; indeed, spirochaete flagella (periplasmic flagella) reside and rotate within the periplasmic space(2-11). The universal joint or hook that links the rotary motor to the filament is composed of ∼120-130 FlgE proteins, which in spirochaetes form an unusually stable, high-molecular-weight complex(9,12-17)...
2016: Nature Microbiology
Renzo Guarnieri, Giorgio Rappelli, Matteo Piemontese, Maurizio Procaccini, Alessandro Quaranta
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of and determine the differences in periodonto-pathogenic microbiota around two types of implant collar surfaces: laser-microtextured (test) vs machined (control). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients (11 periodontally healthy, and 6 periodontally compromised) were selected to receive the two different implants, placed randomly, in two edentulous sites. Six months following the surgical placement of the dental implants, subgingival plaque samples were collected using paper points from the peri-implant sulcus and from the sulcus of an adjacent tooth...
September 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Aleksandra Sender-Janeczek, Marek Ziętek
BACKGROUND: Both drinking and periodontal disease are serious health and social problems. Findings on the effect of alcohol consumption on periodontal disease are inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate, in patients with alcoholic disease, the composition of the main periopathogens: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 25 alcoholics from the Department of Alcohol Addiction Closed Treatment and 25 non-alcoholic patients from the Department of Periodontology, Wroclaw Medical University...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Aleksandar Jakovljevic, Miroslav Andric, Aleksandra Knezevic, Biljana Milicic, Katarina Beljic-Ivanovic, Neda Perunovic, Nadja Nikolic, Jelena Milasin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the presence of herpesviruses and periodontopathic bacteria and to establish their potential association with pericoronitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty samples obtained with paper points (30 from pericoronitis and 20 controls) were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. A single-stage and nested PCR assays were used to detect herpesviruses: human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and six periodontopathic anaerobic bacteria: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Parvimonas micra, Treponema denticola, and Tannarella forsythia...
September 12, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Zhekai Hu, Yu Zhang, Zhiyu Li, Yuedi Yu, Wenyan Kang, Yingnan Han, Xiwen Geng, Shaohua Ge, Yundong Sun
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a pathogen inducing peptic disease, is recently found to be binding to the progress of periodontitis. Most previous studies are case-controlled, and they investigate the risk of H. pylori infection in disease the development of while few studies evaluate the correlation between H. pylori and periodontal pathogens. Therefore, we investigated the correlation between H. pylori infection with periodontal parameters, periodontal pathogens and inflammation. The results indicated that patients with H...
August 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Jin Chen, Yi Ni, Chenchen Liu, Yoshinori Yamaguchi, Qinmiao Chen, Shinichi Sekine, Xifang Zhu, Xiaoming Dou
High-speed capillary electrophoresis (HSCE) is a promising technology applied in ultra-rapid and high-performance analysis of biomolecules (such as nucleic acids, protein). In present study, the short-end capillary electrophoresis coupled with one novel space domain internal standard method (SDIS) was employed for the rapid and simultaneous analysis of specific genes from three oral bacteria (Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g), Treponema denticola (T.d) and Tannerela forsythia (T.f)). The reliability, reproducibility and accuracy properties of above mentioned SDIS method were investigated in detail...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
Yanli Huang, Jin Zeng, Guoqing Chen, Xudong Xie, Weihua Guo, Weidong Tian
This study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which periodontitis affects the inflammatory response and systemic insulin resistance in the white adipose and liver tissues in an obese rat model. The obese model was generated by feeding rats a high fat diet. The periodontitis model was induced by ligatures and injection of "red complex", which consisted of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, and Tannerella forsythia, for two weeks. When compared with rats without periodontitis, fasting glucose levels and homeostasis model assessment index were significantly increased in rats with periodontitis, suggesting that periodontitis promotes the development of insulin resistance in obese rats...
August 23, 2016: Microbes and Infection
Sigrun Eick, Ayse Mathey, Karolin Vollroth, Martin Kramesberger, Walter Bürgin, Anton Sculean, Christoph Ramseier, Holger Jentsch
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of prediction for stable results after nonsurgical periodontal therapy by several microbiological variables of the subgingival biofilm and biomarkers of gingival crevicular fluid or oral lavage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six individuals with moderate or severe chronic periodontitis receiving nonsurgical periodontal therapy were monitored for clinical variables, selected microorganisms, and biomarkers at baseline and 3 and 6 months thereafter...
August 24, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
J Y Jang, I-S Song, K J Baek, Y Choi, S Ji
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is ample evidence that gingival fibroblasts (GFs) participate in the immune response to oral bacteria and serve as immune-regulatory cells. The objective of this study was to investigate the innate immune response of GFs to oral bacteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human GFs were cocultured with relatively less-pathogenic (Leptotrichia wadei, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Campylobacter gracilis) and pathogenic red-complex bacteria. The expression of mRNA for antimicrobial peptides [AMPs; namely human beta defensins (HBDs)], chemokines with antimicrobial activity [chemokine C-X-C motif (CXCL)10, CXCL11 and chemokine C-C motif ligand 20 (CCL20)] and proinflammatory mediators [interleukin (IL)6 and IL8] and the levels of CXCL11, CCL20, IL-6 and IL-8 accumulated in supernatants were analyzed using real-time PCR and ELISA, respectively...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
Fernanda Campos Machado, Dionéia Evangelista Cesar, Ana Carolina Morais Apolônio, Luiz Claudio Ribeiro, Rosangela Almeida Ribeiro
This study was aimed to provide a longitudinal overview of the subgingival bacterial microbiome using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique, in women in the second trimester of pregnancy (between 14 and 24 weeks), and 48 h and 8 weeks postpartum. Of 31 women evaluated during pregnancy, 24 returned for the 48-h and 18 for their 8-week exams postpartum. Probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level, and presence of calculus were recorded. Subgingival plaque samples were collected, and FISH was used to identify the numbers of eight periodontal pathogens...
2016: Brazilian Oral Research
M Testa, S Erbiti, A Delgado, I L Cardenas
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship among nutritional status, gingival health and the composition of oral microbiota in children of a public school from a very poor area of San Miguel de Tucuman. Forty-five children ranging in age from 6 to 14 years old, 13 males and 32 females were studied. Twenty of these children were undernourished (Lejarraga-Morasso Table) and twenty-five were eutrophic. A clinical study that included DMF and dmf indexes, Löe Silness Plaque Index and bleeding on probing was performed...
August 20, 2016: Anaerobe
Ah-Reum Han, Moon-Jung Kim, Geun-Hee Kwak, Jonghyeon Son, Kwang Yeon Hwang, Hwa-Young Kim
Many bacteria, particularly pathogens, possess methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MsrA) and B (MsrB) as a fusion form (MsrAB). However, it is not clear why they possess a fusion MsrAB form rather than the separate enzymes that exist in most organisms. In this study, we performed biochemical and kinetic analyses of MsrAB from Treponema denticola (TdMsrAB), single-domain forms (TdMsrA and TdMsrB), and catalytic Cys mutants (TdMsrAB(C11S) and TdMsrAB(C285S)). We found that the catalytic efficiency of both MsrA and MsrB increased after fusion of the domains and that the linker region (iloop) that connects TdMsrA and TdMsrB is required for the higher catalytic efficiency of TdMsrAB...
September 13, 2016: Biochemistry
Veli Özgen Öztürk, Georgios N Belibasakis, Gülnur Emingil, Nagihan Bostanci
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with altered immune response, which increases susceptibility to infections. sTREM-1 is involved in the amplification of the inflammatory response to bacterial infection. The present cross-sectional study aims to investigate local sTREM-1 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) as well as key periodontal pathogen levels in the subgingival plaque in an elderly cohort with periodontal health, gingivitis, and chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: Subjects were 51 systemically healthy, elderly individuals (mean age, 68 ± 4...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
L Checchi, M R Gatto, V Checchi, F Carinci
The present study detects those bacterial species which are more strongly related to bleeding on probing, suppuration and smoking in periodontal-affected patients. Nine hundred and fifty-one patients with periodontal diseases were admitted to the Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Dental School of Bologna University where they underwent microbiological tests for six periodontal pathogens (Actinomyces actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Tannerella forsythia)...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
D Lauritano, M Martinelli, D Mucchi, A Palmieri, L Lo Muzio, F Carinci
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the mean bacterial load of some periodontal pathogenic bacteria in Italian patients affected by chronic periodontitis. The sample consisted of 1,762 patients with a clinical diagnosis of chronic periodontitis based on the criteria of the American Academy of Periodontology sampled in the period 2013-2015; 1,323 patients were from Northern Italy, 317 from Central Italy and 122 from Southern Italy. Samples for microbiological analysis were collected from the four sites of the greatest probing depth in each patient and then processed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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