Read by QxMD icon Read

gallstone management

Long Pan, Mingyu Chen, Lin Ji, Longbo Zheng, Peijian Yan, Jing Fang, Bin Zhang, Xiujun Cai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of the laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) with preoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy (pre-EST) and LC for concomitant gallstones and common bile duct (CBD) stones. BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether LCBDE+LC is better than pre-EST+LC for gallstones and CBD stones. METHODS: A specific search of online databases was performed from January 2006 to October 2017...
March 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Fabio Tonin, Isabel W C E Arends
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is a pharmaceutical ingredient widely used in clinics. As bile acid it solubilizes cholesterol gallstones and improves the liver function in case of cholestatic diseases. UDCA can be obtained from cholic acid (CA), which is the most abundant and least expensive bile acid available. The now available chemical routes for the obtainment of UDCA yield about 30% of final product. For these syntheses several protection and deprotection steps requiring toxic and dangerous reagents have to be performed, leading to the production of a series of waste products...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Romano Schneider, Ioannis Lazaridis, Marko Kraljević, Christoph Beglinger, Bettina Wölnerhanssen, Ralph Peterli
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of bariatric surgery as the most effective treatment of morbid obesity, there is still no consensus on its preoperative diagnostic workup. The aim of this study was to identify the pathologies of the endoscopic and radiologic investigations before performing bariatric surgery and to evaluate their impact on the patient management. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 1225 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 834) or sleeve gastrectomy (n = 391) at our institution...
January 12, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Emad Qayed, Rushikesh Shah, Yara K Haddad
OBJECTIVES: Cholecystectomy is the definitive management of gallstone pancreatitis (GSP). The benefit of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients who do not undergo cholecystectomy remains unclear. This study aims to evaluate the effect of ERCP on all-cause and pancreatitis readmissions in GSP. METHODS: Adult hospitalizations for GSP in the 2010-2014 National Readmissions Database were divided into the following 3 groups: (1) no cholecystectomy nor ERCP, (2) no cholecystectomy with ERCP, and (3) cholecystectomy group...
April 2018: Pancreas
Nicholas Farkas, Vasha Kaur, Arun Shanmuganandan, John Black, Chantal Redon, Adam E Frampton, Nicholas West
Introduction: Gallstone sigmoid ileus is a rare although serious complication of cholelithiasis resulting in large bowel obstruction. The condition accounts for 4% of all gallstone ileus patients. There are no recognized management guidelines currently. Management strategies range from minimally invasive endoscopy and lithotripsy to substantial surgery. We aim to identify trends when managing patients with gallstone sigmoid ileus to help improve outcomes. Methods: Literature searches of EMBASE, Medline and by hand were conducted...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Bao Z Yao, Liang Li, Ming Jiang, Jie Wang, Jun Zhang
RATIONALE: Gallstone disease is commonly worldwide and safely treated by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Chylous ascites is a rare but serious complication of many abdominal operations. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a rare case of refractory chyle leakage post-LC for acute cholecystitis that is successfully treated in a 40-year-old man, and review current literature on the prevalence, diagnosis, and management of this complication. DIAGNOSES: Refractory chyle leakage post-LC, a rare but serious complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Gileh-Gol Akhtar-Danesh, Aristithes G Doumouras, Cecily Bos, Helene Flageole, Dennis Hong
Importance: The prevalence of pediatric cholelithiasis is increasing with the epidemic of childhood obesity. With this rise, the outcomes and costs of pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy become an important public health and economic concern. Objective: To assess patient and health system factors associated with the outcomes and costs after laparoscopic cholecystectomy among Canadian children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a retrospective, population-based study of children 17 years and younger undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy from April 1, 2008, until March 31, 2015...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Amrit K Kamboj, Victorio Pidlaoan, Mohammad H Shakhatreh, Alice Hinton, Darwin L Conwell, Somashekar G Krishna
Background and study aims : Endoscopic biliary intervention (BI) is often difficult to perform in patients with prior bariatric surgery (BRS). We sought to analyze outcomes of patients with prior BRS undergoing endoscopic and non-endoscopic BI. Patients and methods:  The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2007 - 2011) was reviewed to identify all adult inpatients (≥ 18 years) with a history of BRS undergoing BI. The clinical outcomes of interest were in-patient mortality, length of stay (LOS), and total hospital charges...
January 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Yoshihide Yamanashi, Tappei Takada, Hiroshi Suzuki
Westernization of dietary habits leads to an increase in lipid intake and is thought to be responsible for an increase in patients with dyslipidemia. It is a well-known fact that the impaired cholesterol homeostasis is closely related to the development of various lifestyle-related diseases such as fatty liver, diabetes, and gallstone as well as dyslipidemia leading to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke. Therefore, appropriate management of cholesterol levels in the body is considered important in prevention and treatments of these lifestyle-related diseases and in addition, molecular mechanisms controlling plasma (and/or hepatic) cholesterol levels have been intensively studied...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Hanan Raiss, Lamiae El Amarti, Jean Dominique Tigaud, Mohamed Layachi, Amandine Bruyas, Saber Boutayeb, Hassan Errihani
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas characterized by upper abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, with elevated serum amylase or lipase. Gallstones and alcohol are the two main etiologies; drug-induced pancreatitis is uncommon. Paclitaxel associated with pancreatitis is very rare and since that time, only seven case reports have been published. We report a case of a 54-year-old female who developed an acute pancreatitis after administration of the first cycle of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel (175 mg/m2 over 3 h) and carboplatin (AUC 6) for ovarian adenocarcinoma...
December 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Benjamin A Teply, Hao Wang, Brandon Luber, Rana Sullivan, Irina Rifkind, Ashley Bruns, Avery Spitz, Morgan DeCarli, Victoria Sinibaldi, Caroline F Pratz, Changxue Lu, John L Silberstein, Jun Luo, Michael T Schweizer, Charles G Drake, Michael A Carducci, Channing J Paller, Emmanuel S Antonarakis, Mario A Eisenberger, Samuel R Denmeade
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer that progresses after enzalutamide treatment is poorly responsive to further antiandrogen therapy, and paradoxically, rapid cycling between high and low serum testosterone concentrations (bipolar androgen therapy [BAT]) in this setting might induce tumour responses. We aimed to evaluate BAT in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer that progressed after enzalutamide. METHODS: We did this single-centre, open-label, phase 2, multicohort study in the USA...
December 13, 2017: Lancet Oncology
May S Trezevant, John C Winton, Ashley K Holmes
BACKGROUND: Calcium carbonate is often used to relieve Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in pregnant patients. This report describes a potentially serious complication. CASE: A pregnant female presented at 34 weeks gestation with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Home medications included an unquantifiable amount of calcium carbonate 500 mg due to constant consumption for GERD. Laboratory findings included elevated calcium, amylase, lipase, and triglyceride level...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Nilesh H Doctor, Vijay Waman Dhakre
A 59-year-old male patient presented with mild gallstone pancreatitis. He underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy during the same admission, where we encountered a left-sided gall bladder (GB). This was managed during laparoscopic surgery by modifying the laparoscopic port positions, and we did not encounter any other variations in the biliary anatomy. Thorough knowledge regarding anatomical variations of the GB will help in managing rare cases and avoid injuries to vital structures.
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Nnamdi Arinze Nwafo
Acute pancreatitis is a well-recognised complication of endoscopic procedures like endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography but not oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD). I report a case of a 33-year-old woman, admitted with severe epigastric pain and vomiting 2 hours after an elective OGD for evaluation of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms. Pancreatitis was diagnosed on the basis of elevated lipase (40 790 U/L; normal 11-82) and findings on imaging studies. Other common causes of acute pancreatitis such as gallstones, alcohol and medications were ruled out...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Henry A Pitt
OBJECTIVE: This historical perspective documents the role that John L. Cameron played in advancing hepatobiliary research, education, and surgery at Johns Hopkins in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dating back to William S. Halsted in the 19th century, leaders of the Department of Surgery at Johns Hopkins have been interested in hepatobiliary disease and surgery. John L. Cameron had broad hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) interests when he completed his surgical training...
February 2018: Annals of Surgery
Krishnamurthy Somasekar, David S Y Chan, Nhatuveetil S Sreekumar, Salman Anwer
BACKGROUND: Gallstone disease is common after bariatric surgery, and patients with bile duct stones in this cohort can be difficult to treat, due to the altered anatomy. This review aims to analyse the various management options available for choledocholithiasis in post-bariatric surgery patients. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, Medline and Cochrane library databases was carried out for studies on this subject, between January 1970 and March 2017. After initial screening and further full text review, suitable studies were identified after applying the inclusion criteria...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Wei Ming Seah, Ye Xin Koh, Peng Chung Cheow, Pierce K H Chow, Chung Yip Chan, Ser Yee Lee, London L P J Ooi, Alexander Y F Chung, Brian K P Goh
BACKGROUND: Mirizzi syndrome (MS) occurs when gallstone impaction in Hartmann's pouch results in extrinsic obstruction of the common bile duct, and fistulation may occur. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic records of patients surgically treated for MS from November 2001 to June 2012. Patient presentations, diagnostic methods, treatments and complications were recorded. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients were grouped according to a classification proposed by Beltran et al...
November 30, 2017: Digestive Surgery
Pascaline Fonteh, Martin Smith, Martin Brand
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammation of the pancreas caused by various stimuli including excessive alcohol consumption, gallstone disease and certain viral infections. Managing specifically the severe form of AP is limited due to lack of an understanding of the complex immune events that occur during AP involving immune cells and inflammatory molecules such as cytokines. The relative abundance of various immune cells resulting from the immune dysregulation drives disease progression. In this review, we examine the literature on the adaptive immune cells in AP, the prognostic value of these cells in stratifying patients into appropriate care and treatment strategies based on cell frequency in different AP severities are discussed...
November 30, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
Vermi Değerli, Tanzer Korkmaz, Hülya Mollamehmetoğlu, Cem Ertan
Background/aim: The aim of our study was to emphasize the importance of routine bedside biliary ultrasonography (USG) for the differential diagnosis of biliary tract disorders in patients admitted with acute isolated epigastric pain. Materials and methods: Adult patients who were admitted to the emergency department with acute isolated epigastric pain were included in the study. Emergency residents (ERs) were asked whether they planned to perform biliary USG during the initial evaluation and following diagnosis/treatment (secondary evaluation) of these patients...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Robert Dawe
This is an overview of the cutaneous porphyrias. It is a narrative review based on the published literature and my personal experience; it is not based on a formal systematic search of the literature. The cutaneous porphyrias are a diverse group of conditions due to inherited or acquired enzyme defects in the porphyrin-haem biosynthetic pathway. All the cutaneous porphyrias can have (either as a consequence of the porphyria or as part of the cause of the porphyria) involvement of other organs as well as the skin...
2017: F1000Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"