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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920962/recommendations-for-detecting-and-addressing-barriers-to-successful-supervision
#1
Tyra P Sellers, Linda A LeBlanc, Amber L Valentino
Behavior analysts who supervise staff are responsible for establishing a healthy supervisory relationship and for teaching basic behavior analytic skills (e.g., verbal repertoires, technical repertoires, clinical decision-making). In addition, supervisors should prepare their supervisees to succeed in their subsequent professional activities by developing their interpersonal skills and professionalism repertoires. Difficulties in the supervisor relationship and problematic personal and professional skills often become the focus of targeted supervision efforts after the effects of deficits (e...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919059/role-of-maternal-occupational-physical-activity-and-psychosocial-stressors-on-adverse-birth-outcomes
#2
Laura J Lee, Elaine Symanski, Philip J Lupo, Sarah C Tinker, Hilda Razzaghi, Wenyaw Chan, Adrienne T Hoyt, Mark A Canfield
OBJECTIVES: We examined the association of an array of estimated maternal occupational physical activities and psychosocial stressors during pregnancy with odds for preterm birth (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA). METHODS: Data for infants born without major birth defects delivered from 1997 to 2009 whose mothers reported working at least 1 month during pregnancy were obtained from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. We linked occupational codes to the US Department of Labor's Occupational Information Network, which provides estimates of exposure for multiple domains of physical activity and psychosocial stressors by occupational categories...
October 6, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917458/a-test-of-the-perfectionism-social-disconnection-model-among-ethnic-minority-youth
#3
Ana B Goya Arce, Antonio J Polo
Perfectionistic self-presentation (PSP) has been identified as a vulnerability factor in the development of depressive disorders during early adolescence. The Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model (PSDM) offers a theoretical framework suggesting PSP leads to depressive symptoms via interpersonal problems and social disconnection. Previous studies have supported the role of social disconnection as a mediator in the relation between PSP and suicidal ideation, but have not evaluated interpersonal problems in the model...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917142/perceived-interpersonal-burdensomeness-as-a-mediator-between-nightmare-distress-and-suicidal-ideation-in-nightmare-sufferers
#4
Sooyeon Suh, Matthew Schneider, Ruda Lee, Thomas Joiner
Previous studies have supported the significant association between nightmares and suicidal ideation, but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to investigate perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness as mediators in the relationship between nightmare distress and suicidal ideation. This sample consisted of 301 undergraduate students who endorsed experiencing nightmares (mean age 21.87 ± 2.17, 78.1% female). All participants completed questionnaires on nightmare distress (Nightmare Distress Questionnaire), unmet interpersonal needs (Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire), and suicidal ideation (Depressive Symptom Inventory - Suicidality Subscale)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913696/insights-gleaned-by-measuring-patients-stated-goals-for-dbs-more-than-tremor
#5
Cynthia S Kubu, Scott E Cooper, Andre Machado, Thomas Frazier, Jerrold Vitek, Paul J Ford
OBJECTIVE: To report prospective repeated measures data detailing the perceived benefit of deep brain stimulation (DBS) on the most commonly cited symptom and activity goals identified by patients with Parkinson disease. METHODS: Fifty-two participants were recruited from a consecutive series. Participants completed a semi-structured interview soliciting their symptom and behavioral goals and corresponding visual analog scales measuring perceived symptom severity and limits to goal attainment...
December 2, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911667/barriers-and-benefits-in-telemedicine-arising-between-a-high-technology-hospital-service-provider-and-remote-public-healthcare-units-a-qualitative-study-in-brazil
#6
Carlos Henrique Amaral de Souza, Renata Albaladejo Morbeck, Milton Steinman, Cora Pereira Hors, Mario Maia Bracco, Elisa H Kozasa, Eliseth Ribeiro Leão
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, the Program for Institutional Development of the Unified Healthcare System (PROADI-SUS) has implemented a telemedicine service for urgent situations and emergencies. It is delivered by a high-technology (HT) hospital to 15 remote healthcare units (RUs) in 11 different Brazilian states. The aim of this study was to investigate possible barriers and benefits in telemedicine service among these units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a qualitative study on the perceptions of physicians involved in telemedicine service in their role as providers and consultants...
December 2, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911583/advancing-research-on-structural-stigma-and-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-among-youth
#7
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
Psychological research on stigma has focused largely on the perceptions of stigmatized individuals and their interpersonal interactions with the nonstigmatized. This work has been critical in documenting many of the ways in which stigma operates to harm those who are targeted. However, this research has also tended to overlook broader structural forms of stigma, which refer to societal-level conditions, cultural norms, and institutional policies and practices that constrain the lives of the stigmatized. In this article I describe the emerging field of research on structural stigma and review evidence documenting the harmful consequences of structural stigma for the mental/behavioral health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911014/the-effectiveness-of-an-outdoor-adventure-programme-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-controlled-study
#8
Ditza A Zachor, Shira Vardi, Shani Baron-Eitan, Inbal Brodai-Meir, Noa Ginossar, Esther Ben-Itzchak
AIM: Outdoor adventure programmes aim to improve interpersonal relationships using adventurous activities. The current study examined the effectiveness of an outdoor adventure programme in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHOD: The study included 51 participants (40 males, 11 females; age 3y 4mo-7y 4mo) enrolled in ASD special education kindergartens. Only the intervention group (n=30) participated in the outdoor adventure programme for 13 weeks, completing challenging physical activities that required cooperation and communication with peers and instructors...
December 2, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909450/evaluation-of-a-functional-model-of-acquired-capability-for-suicide-in-a-nationwide-sample-of-korean-adults
#9
Joon Deuk Lee, Maeng Je Cho, Jee Hoon Sohn, Subin Park, Sujeong Seong, Joon Ho Ahn, Bong-Jin Hahm, Jin Pyo Hong
OBJECTIVE: We examined a functional model of acquired capability for suicide, which was elaborated from the "Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide". METHODS: A total of 6,027 Korean community subjects were recruited from The Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area study conducted in 2011. The subjects were assessed systematically using the Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview version 2.1, the Korean version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, and the Korean version of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906471/negotiated-safety-components-context-and-use-an-integrative-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
NataIie M Leblanc, Jason W Mitchell, Joseph P De Santis
AIM: To examine the components and use of negotiated safety in the context of HIV prevention and to identify reported factors associated with the concept. BACKGROUND: There is an emerging interest in dyadic approaches to address HIV transmission. Although there are theoretical foundations for how interpersonal relationships influence individual behaviour, how these dyadic processes influence on health is still not wholly understood. DESIGN: Integrative review of empirical and theoretical literature...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900793/a-matter-of-focus-power-holders-feel-more-responsible-after-adopting-a-cognitive-other-focus-rather-than-a-self-focus
#11
Annika Scholl, Kai Sassenberg, Daan Scheepers, Naomi Ellemers, Frank de Wit
Social power implies responsibility. Yet, power-holders often follow only their own interests and overlook this responsibility. The present research illuminates how a previously adopted cognitive focus guides perceived responsibility when a person receives high (vs. low) power. In three experiments, adopting a cognitive focus on another person (vs. on the self or taking over another person's perspective) promoted perceived responsibility among individuals receiving high (but not low) power in a subsequent context...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900748/-effects-of-different-genres-of-music-on-the-psycho-physiological-responses-of-undergraduates
#12
Hsin-Ping Lee, Yu-Chen Liu, Mei-Feng Lin
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate students face tremendous stressors from learning, interpersonal relationships, and life. Stress may cause adaptation exhaustion and stress-related disorders. While the results of recent clinical studies indicate that music interventions may alleviate stress, there is a dearth of research exploring the discrete effects of various genres of music on psycho-physiological status. PURPOSE: To explore the effects of listening to different genres of music on the psycho-physiological responses of undergraduates...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900747/-the-positionality-of-caring-action-small-group-dialogue-in-a-course-on-nursing-ethics
#13
Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: The content of nursing-ethics education has typically focused on the external standards of caring behavior and neglected the relationship between the ethical attitudes and internal experiences of caregivers. PURPOSE: To explore the embodied experience in order to define the positionality of caring action, which is necessary to enrich the content of nursing ethics through small-group-learning-based dialogue. METHODS: The researcher, as a participant observer, teaches a course on nursing ethics...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899445/representations-of-health-illness-and-care-by-eastern-european-south-american-and-italian-nurses-a-qualitative-study
#14
Patrizia Velotti, Cecilia Serena Pace, Chiara Petrocchi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
This qualitative study analyses the social representations of health, illness and care, considering the similarities and differences between 30 nurses from different regions. We conducted three intra-ethnic focus groups and two inter-ethnic focus groups. This study shows similarities between the nurses' representations. All participants believed that the psychological sphere affects individual's health, that disease is an imbalance between physical and psychological factors and that interpersonal aspects are essential for care...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896878/the-relationship-between-leadership-style-and-nurse-to-nurse-incivility-turning-the-lens-inward
#15
Jennifer A Kaiser
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of leadership styles on the reported rates of lateral hostility in nurses. BACKGROUND: Previous explanations of horizontal incivility point to oppressed group behaviour and socialisation of nurses. Leadership and organisational culture are known to have a profound impact on workplace behaviour, yet few studies have examined the relationship between leadership style and nurse-to-nurse incivility. METHODS: A survey was used to assess the perceived levels of incivility and the leadership styles experienced by 237 participants defined as 'staff nurses'...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892829/understanding-the-sexual-satisfaction-of-women-with-provoked-vestibulodynia-and-their-partners-comparison-with-matched-controls
#16
Natalie Rosen, Pablo Santos-Iglesias, E Sandra Byers
Provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) - a recurrent, localized vulvar pain - interferes with couples' sexual relationships as evidenced by lower sexual satisfaction compared to controls. Little is known about what components of sexual satisfaction contribute to this lower satisfaction. Using the Interpersonal Exchange Model of Sexual Satisfaction (IEMSS), we compared the sexual exchanges (sexual rewards and costs, relative sexual rewards and costs, balance of sexual rewards and costs, balance of relative sexual rewards and costs, equality of sexual rewards and costs) and sexual satisfaction of 50 women with PVD and their male partners to 50 matched-control couples...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890322/-taking-care-of-ourselves-the-experiences-of-black-women-approaching-and-encouraging-male-partners-to-test-for-hiv
#17
Kerry Nolte, Tiffany Kim, Barbara Guthrie
Sixty percent of young adults living with HIV in the United States are unaware of their status despite recommendations to screen everyone. Effective approaches to encourage partner testing may increase status awareness. The purpose of our study was to understand young Black women's experiences when encouraging a partner to test for HIV, preferred approaches, and whether interpersonal context influenced the approach. Black women (n = 26) participated in the study in Boston-area focus groups (n = 6). Discussions ranged from difficult and stressful to positive and empowering...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890269/-anorexia-and-borderline-personality-disorder%C3%A2-bonds-pathology
#18
Delphine Cayn, Alexandra Pham-Scottez
Comorbidity with a borderline personality disorder is far from rare in patients suffering from eating disorders. Clinically, this presents as chronic instability in many areas: interpersonal relationships, self-image, emotions, mood and acting out. Treatment is mainly based on a containing and reassuring therapeutic framework. A care plan may be put in place that incorporates reducing impulsive harmful, eating and self-harming behaviours. Dialectical behaviour therapy is intended in particular to prevent suicide risk in borderline personality disorder patients...
November 2016: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889465/the-role-of-oxytocin-in-modulating-interpersonal-space-a-pharmacological-fmri-study
#19
Daniela Cohen, Anat Perry, Gadi Gilam, Naama Mayseless, Tal Gonen, Talma Hendler, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
Interpersonal space is a nonverbal indicator of affiliation and closeness. In this study we investigated the effects of oxytocin (OT), a neuropeptide known for its social role in humans, on interpersonal space. In a double blind placebo controlled study we measured the effect of intranasal OT on the personal distance preferences of different familiar (friend) and unfamiliar (stranger) protagonists. Behavioral results showed that participants preferred to be closer to a friend than to a stranger. Intranasal OT was associated with an overall distancing effect, but this effect was significant for the stranger and not for the friend...
November 10, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888748/help-me-if-you-can-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-interpersonal-compared-to-intrapersonal-emotion-regulation-in-reducing-distress
#20
Einat Levy-Gigi, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although humans have developed abundant strategies to down regulate their own negative emotions, at times of distress they frequently turn to significant others to seek comfort. In the present study we use a novel performance-based paradigm to evaluate the effectiveness of this interaction. METHODS: Forty-seven couples in a long-term relationship volunteered to participate in the study. In each couple the two partners were randomly assigned as either target or regulator...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
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