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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820229/resilience-mediates-the-relationship-between-social-support-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-police-officers
#1
Erin C McCanlies, Ja Kook Gu, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, John M Violanti
OBJECTIVE: Police officers in the New Orleans geographic area faced a number of challenges following Hurricane Katrina in 2005. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study examined gratitude, resilience, and satisfaction with life as mediators in the association between social support and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in 82 male and 31 female police officers. The Gratitude Questionnaire, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List were used to measure gratitude, resilience, satisfaction with life, and social support, respectively...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818735/prospective-assessment-of-social-network-quality-among-depressed-mothers-treated-with-brief-psychotherapy-the-social-network-quality-snq-scales
#2
Luis E Flores, Jill M Cyranowski, Marlissa Amole, Holly A Swartz
OBJECTIVE: Social relationships play important roles in emotional health, and are common targets of psychotherapeutic interventions. To better evaluate social relationship structure and function in the context of psychotherapy trials, this study introduces and psychometrically evaluates the Social Network Quality (SNQ) scales, which supplement the Social Network Index (SNI). The original SNI evaluates social network structure (i.e., extent of participation in diverse social roles and number of social relationships)...
July 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816918/the-impact-of-negative-life-events-on-attempted-suicide-in-rural-china
#3
Yanzheng Liu, Jie Zhang
This study aims to explore the impact of negative life events (NLEs) on attempted suicide in a Chinese cultural setting. The sample comprised 791 suicide attempters and an equal number of controls matched on age, sex, and location from selected rural counties in China. Conditional logistic regression model was used to examine the association between NLEs and suicide risk. The impact of NLEs on attempted suicide was further examined using regression-based method to explore its mediation effect. The types of NLEs that were most likely to precede a suicide attempt in rural sample included the events in marriage/love, family/home, and friend/relationship...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813290/same-sex-relationships-and-minority-stress
#4
REVIEW
Sharon Scales Rostosky, Ellen Db Riggle
Same-sex relationships are stigmatized in a culture that privileges heterosexual relationships. This stigma creates minority stress in the lives of same-sex couples. We review current research on minority stress and same-sex relationships using an ecological framework to conceptualize the sources of minority stress that impact couples. Findings from this review suggest a need for research that moves conceptually and methodologically beyond a focus on the individual to a focus on the dyad and the interpersonal, institutional, and cultural sources of minority stress that affect couple relationships...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813280/breakthroughs-in-understanding-addiction-and-close-relationships
#5
REVIEW
Lindsey M Rodriguez, Jaye Derrick
Substance use is one aspect of life that can serve to bring couples together or tear them apart. Evidence has accumulated for both substance use affecting relationship distress (e.g., partners of substance users report poorer individual and relational outcomes) as well as relationship conflict affecting subsequent substance use (e.g., individuals use substances as a way to cope with interpersonal conflict and distress). We discuss several determinants of each association, including individual difference and relationship-specific constructs...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812441/the-indirect-effect-of-perceived-burdensomeness-on-the-relationship-between-indices-of-social-support-and-suicide-ideation-in-college-students
#6
David W Hollingsworth, Meredith L Slish, LaRicka R Wingate, Collin L Davidson, Kathy A Rasmussen, Victoria M O'Keefe, Raymond P Tucker, DeMond M Grant
OBJECTIVE: Research has demonstrated that a lack of social support is related to suicide risk. This study exams perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, as mechanisms of the social support-suicide relationship in college students. METHOD: The study consisted of 207 students from a Midwestern university. Data were collected from 2007-2008. Two multiple mediation analyses were conducted to examine whether perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness mediated the relationship between indices of social support and suicide ideation...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812271/oxytocin-and-interpersonal-relationships
#7
Alexandra Patin, Dirk Scheele, Rene Hurlemann
The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has emerged as a potent modulator of diverse aspects of interpersonal relationships. OT appears to work in close interaction with several other neurotransmitter networks, including the dopaminergic reward circuit, and to be dependent on sex-specific hormonal influences. In this chapter, we focus on four main domains of OT and interpersonal relationships, including (1) the protective effect of OT on an individual's ability to withstand stress (i.e., stress buffering), (2) the effect of OT on emotion recognition and empathy, (3) OT's ability to enhance social synchrony and cooperation among individuals, and (4) the effect of OT on an individual's perception of social touch...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812270/oxytocin-and-facial-emotion-recognition
#8
Mark A Ellenbogen
The expression of emotion in faces serves numerous meaningful functions, such as conveying messages of danger or approach, facilitating communication, and promoting the formation of social bonds and relationships. The study of facial expressions of emotion has become integral to research in social psychology and social neuroscience, particularly with respect to the neuropeptide oxytocin. This chapter examines how oxytocin influences the processing of emotion in faces by reviewing intranasal administration studies of automatic processing, selective attention, and emotion recognition...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806229/the-business-of-interpersonal-team-relationships
#9
Susan Alexander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805418/adaptation-of-a-nursing-home-culture-change-research-instrument-for-frontline-staff-quality-improvement-use
#10
Christine W Hartmann, Jennifer A Palmer, Whitney L Mills, Camilla B Pimentel, Rebecca S Allen, Nancy J Wewiorski, Kristen R Dillon, A Lynn Snow
Enhanced interpersonal relationships and meaningful resident engagement in daily life are central to nursing home cultural transformation, yet these critical components of person-centered care may be difficult for frontline staff to measure using traditional research instruments. To address the need for easy-to-use instruments to help nursing home staff members evaluate and improve person-centered care, the psychometric method of cognitive-based interviewing was used to adapt a structured observation instrument originally developed for researchers and nursing home surveyors...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804473/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-french-version-of-the-anticipatory-and-consummatory-interpersonal-pleasure-scale
#11
Joséphine Chaix, Philippe Golay, Caroline Fankhauser, Alexandra Nguyen, Diane C Gooding, Jérôme Favrod
The Anticipatory and Consummatory Interpersonal Pleasure Scale (ACIPS), a measure specifically designed to assess hedonic capacity for social and interpersonal pleasure, was used to evaluate the presence of social anhedonia in patients as well as the general population. The first goal of this study was to validate the structure of the French version of the ACIPS. The second objective was to verify whether a one, two or three factor solution is most appropriate for the ACIPS scale. The French version of the ACIPS was tested on 263 French-speaking pre-graduate students or professional volunteers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800490/oxytocin-secretion-is-pulsatile-in-men-and-is-related-to-social-emotional-functioning
#13
Charumathi Baskaran, Franziska Plessow, Lisseth Silva, Elisa Asanza, Dean Marengi, Kamryn T Eddy, Patrick M Sluss, Michael L Johnson, Madhusmita Misra, Elizabeth A Lawson
The hypothalamic hormone oxytocin (OXT) plays an important role in a range of physiological processes and social-emotional functioning in both sexes. In women, physiological stimuli, such as suckling and parturition, result in pulsatile release of OXT into the peripheral circulation via the posterior pituitary gland. However, data regarding OXT secretory patterns in men during a state of rest are limited. Further, the relationship between secretory dynamics of OXT and emotional measures has never been evaluated...
July 24, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799846/interpersonal-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-between-cumulative-childhood-traumatic-events-and-adult-sexual-disturbance
#14
Sandy Krammer, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Andrea Burri, Michael Soyka, Alex Gamma, Michael Liebrenz
Previous research has shown that cumulative childhood traumatic events are stronger predictors of sexual disturbances than childhood sexual abuse. Additional factors are likely to influence this relationship. Whereas socio-interpersonal factors such as interpersonal sensitivity have repeatedly been shown to be salutogenic in the aftermath of traumatic events, the specific underlying mechanisms are little understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between cumulative childhood traumatic events and adult sexual disturbances (i...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797202/-tears-of-joy-smiles-of-joy-prompt-distinct-patterns-of-interpersonal-emotion-regulation
#15
Oriana R Aragón, Margaret S Clark
Close relationship partners often respond to happiness expressed through smiles with capitalization, i.e. they join in attempting to up-regulate and prolong the individual's positive emotion, and they often respond to crying with interpersonal down-regulation of negative emotions, attempting to dampen the negative emotions. We investigated how people responded when happiness was expressed through tears, an expression termed dimorphous. We hypothesised that the physical expression of crying would prompt interpersonal down-regulation of emotion when the onlooker perceived that the expresser was experiencing negative or positive emotions...
August 11, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793387/indigenous-cardiac-patients-and-relatives-experiences-of-hospitalisation-a-narrative-inquiry
#16
Vainess Mbuzi, Paul Fulbrook, Melanie Jessup
AIM: To explore Indigenous people's experiences of hospitalisation for acute cardiac care. BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australians suffer a higher burden of cardiovascular ill health and hospitalisation rates in comparison to other Australians, but there is little research that explores their perspectives of hospitalisation. DESIGN: Narrative inquiry. METHODS: Interviews were undertaken using storytelling to facilitate participants' descriptions of their hospital experience...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793379/illness-trajectories-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-how-illness-progression-is-related-to-life-narratives-and-interpersonal-relationships
#17
Sabrina Cipolletta, Giorgia Rosamaria Gammino, Arianna Palmieri
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to identify illness trajectories in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by analyzing personal, social and functional dimensions related to ALS progression. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have considered some psychological distinct variables that may moderate illness progression, but no research has combined an extensive qualitative understanding of ALS patients' psychological characteristics and illness progression. DESIGN: A mixed method approach was used to combine quantitative and qualitative measures...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783373/social-support-as-a-mediator-between-insomnia-and-depression-in-female-undergraduate-students
#18
Soohyun Kim, Sooyeon Suh
OBJECTIVES: Despite findings that insomnia and depression have a bidirectional relationship, the exact psychological mechanisms that link these disorders are largely unknown. The goal of this study was to identify whether social support mediates the relationship between insomnia and depression. METHODS: The study sample (N = 115) consisted of females only, and all participants (mean age 21.77 ± 1.80) completed self-report measures of insomnia severity, depression and social support...
August 7, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780282/adolescent-insomnia-suicide-risk-and-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide
#19
Lucas Zullo, Sarah Horton, Michael Eaddy, Jessica King, Jennifer Hughes, Andrew Diederich, Betsy Kennard, Graham Emslie, Sunita Stewart
Although insomnia has been repeatedly linked with suicide ideation, the reason for the linkage is not clear. The Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) proposes that three core variables (thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability) are the final common pathway for all risk factors for suicide ideation and behavior. Recent research has suggested that insomnia may be associated with suicide ideation independently of the IPTS. We examined cross-sectional data from 151 psychiatric inpatients (ages 12-17) to determine if the association between insomnia symptoms and a continuous measure of suicide risk (measured as increasingly severe ideation and plan) was explained by the framework of the IPTS...
July 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776685/patients-experiences-and-satisfaction-about-care-provided-by-male-nurses-in-medical-surgical-units-in-islamabad-pakistan-a-pilot-study
#20
Ahtisham Younas, Amara Sundus
BACKGROUND: Nursing is predominantly a female profession and caring has been considered an attribute of female nurses, which could imply a noncaring image of male nurses. AIM: To determine patients' experiences and satisfaction from care provided by male nurses in a private hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a purposive sample of 50 patients admitted to medical surgical units for at least 2 days and who had at least three professional interactions with a male nurse...
August 4, 2017: Nursing Forum
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