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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236418/building-bridges-to-enhance-interpersonal-relationships
#1
Sophia Ali, Jo Storozinski, Cesar Gonzales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Canadian Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235943/-trapped-in-an-empty-waiting-room-the-existential-human-core-of-loneliness-in-old-age-a-meta-synthesis
#2
Gabriele Kitzmüller, Anne Clancy, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Charlotte Wegener, Terese Bondas
Loneliness in old age has a negative influence on quality of life, health, and survival. To understand the phenomenon of loneliness in old age, the voices of lonely older adults should be heard. Therefore, the purpose of this meta-synthesis was to synthesize scientific studies of older adults' experiences of loneliness. Eleven qualitative articles that met the inclusion criteria were analyzed and synthesized according to Noblit and Hare's meta-ethnographic approach. The analysis revealed the overriding meaning of the existential human core of loneliness in old age expressed through the metaphor "trapped in an empty waiting room...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235909/the-role-of-balint-group-training-in-the-professional-and-personal-development-of-family-medicine-residents
#3
Marty Player, John R Freedy, Vanessa Diaz, Clive Brock, Alexander Chessman, Carolyn Thiedke, Alan Johnson
This paper presents a study based on the participation of PGY2 and PGY3 family medicine residents in Balint seminars that occurred twice monthly for 24 months. Balint groups were cofacilitated by leader pairs experienced with the Balint method. Prior to residency graduation, 18 of 19 eligible resident physicians (94.5%) completed 30- to 60-min semistructured interviews conducted by a research assistant. Resident physicians were told that these individual interviews concerned "…how we teach communication in residency...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233107/correlation-of-occupational-stress-with-depression-anxiety-and-sleep-in-korean-dentists-cross-sectional-study
#4
Kyung-Won Song, Won-Seok Choi, Hee-Jung Jee, Chi-Sung Yuh, Yong-Ku Kim, Leen Kim, Heon-Jeong Lee, Chul-Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the degree of occupational stress and the clinical mental state of dentists. In addition, we investigated the correlation of occupational stress with depression, anxiety, and sleep among dentists in Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey on 231 dentists was conducted using the Doctor Job Stress Scale, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), State-Trait Anxiety Index (STAI), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
December 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232962/meaning-in-hoarding-perspectives-of-people-who-hoard-on-clutter-culture-and-agency
#5
David M R Orr, Michael Preston-Shoot, Suzy Braye
Hoarding has become increasingly prominent in clinical practice and popular culture in recent years, giving rise to extensive research and commentary. Critical responses in the social sciences have criticised the cultural assumptions built in to the construct of 'hoarding disorder' and expressed fears that it may generate stigma outweighing its benefits; however, few of these studies have engaged directly with 'hoarders' themselves. This paper reports on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 10 individuals living in England, who received assessment and intervention for hoarding from Social Services...
December 12, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232878/determinants-of-hospital-pharmacists-job-satisfaction-in-romanian-hospitals
#6
Magdalena Iorga, Corina Dondaș, Camelia Soponaru, Ioan Antofie
Aim: The purpose of this study is to identify the level of job satisfaction among hospital pharmacists in Romania in relation to environmental, socio-demographic, and individual factors. Material and Methods: Seventy-eight hospital pharmacists were included in the research. The Job Satisfaction Scale was used to measure the level of satisfaction with their current jobs, and the TAS-20 was used to evaluate emotional experience and awareness. Additionally, 12 items were formulated in order to identify the reasons for dissatisfaction with jobs, such as budget, number of working hours, legislation, relationships with colleagues, hospital departments, or stakeholders...
December 11, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232617/shared-reality-in-interpersonal-relationships
#7
REVIEW
Susan M Andersen, Elizabeth Przybylinski
Close relationships afford us opportunities to create and maintain meaning systems as shared perceptions of ourselves and the world. Establishing a sense of mutual understanding allows for creating and maintaining lasting social bonds, and as such, is important in human relations. In a related vein, it has long been known that knowledge of significant others in one's life is stored in memory and evoked with new persons-in the social-cognitive process of 'transference'-imbuing new encounters with significance and leading to predictable cognitive, evaluative, motivational, and behavioral consequences, as well as shifts in the self and self-regulation, depending on the particular significant other evoked...
November 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232577/attachment-and-motivational-systems-relevance-of-sensitivity-to-punishment-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology
#8
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Valentina Cardi, Umberto Volpe, Giovanna Fico, Valeria Ruzzi, Francesca Pellegrino, Giovanni Castellini, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
An altered balance of reward and inhibition systems may explain Eating Disorder (ED) behaviors and could be related to difficulties in socio-emotional processing. According to attachment theory, early interaction with caregivers affects the ability to regulate emotion in adult interpersonal situation. The aim of our study was to investigate if insecure attachment may be related to ED symptomatology through changes in reward and inhibition systems. Seventy-eight people affected by EDs and 45 healthy controls (HC) filled in the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), the Behavioral Inhibition System-Behavioral Activation System Scale (BIS-BAS) and the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) questionnaire...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231053/the-contribution-of-malodour-in-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#9
Afsaneh Alavi, Delaram Farzanfar, Rosa Kyuwon Lee, Dalal Almutairi
BACKGROUND: Malodourous discharge in patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) has a strong psychosocial impact and is often reported as a source of embarrassment, low self-esteem, social stigma, and barriers to interpersonal relationships. Malodour is a maker of bacterial colonization, and its role in HS is understudied. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between severity of malodourous discharge and quality-of-life impairment in patients with HS...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228883/health-promoting-behaviors-and-their-predictors-in-iranian-women-of-reproductive-age-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Sareh Bakouei, Fatemeh Bakouei, Shabnam Omidvar, Afsaneh Bakhtiari
Health-promoting behaviors are one of the main determinative components of health in the prevention of many diseases. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine health-promoting behaviors and their relationship to sociodemographic variables on 330 women of reproductive age admitted to the selected primary health-care centers in Qom city (one of the biggest cities in Iran) from March 2016 to July 2016. Data were collected using the health-promoting lifestyle profile II (HPLP-II) questionnaire and the sociodemographic characteristics and also were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance, with post hoc (if necessary), and multivariable linear regression...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226316/interpersonal-predictors-of-stress-generation-is%C3%A2-there-a-super-factor
#11
Josephine H Shih, Matthew G Barstead, Nicole Dianno
Hammen's (1991, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 555-561) seminal paper on stress generation highlighted the reciprocal relationship between stress and depression. Not only does stress predict depression, but women with a diagnosis of depression also experienced subsequent increased levels of stress. In the ensuing years, depression researchers have moved beyond clinical predictors and examined whether depression vulnerability factors also contribute to stress generation. This interest has led to a growing focus on interpersonal vulnerability factors that contribute to stress generation...
December 10, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225589/state-of-the-art-of-interpersonal-physiology-in-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Johann R Kleinbub
Introduction: The fast expanding field of Interpersonal Physiology (IP) focuses on the study of co-ordination or synchronization dynamics between the physiological activities of two, or more, individuals. IP has been associated with various relational features (e.g., empathy, attachment security, rapport, closeness…) that overlap with desirable characteristics of clinical relationships, suggesting that the relevant studies might provide objective, economical, and theory-free techniques to investigate the clinical process...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225450/therapist-use-of-specific-and-nonspecific-strategies-across-two-affect-focused-psychotherapies-for-depression-role-of-adherence-monitoring
#13
Marlissa C Amole, Jill M Cyranowski, Laren R Conklin, John C Markowitz, Stacy E Martin, Holly A Swartz
Psychotherapists routinely use both specific and non-specific strategies to deliver empirically supported treatments (ESTs). Psychotherapy adherence monitoring has traditionally focused on assessing therapist use of EST-specific strategies (to distinguish between ESTs), paying less attention to non-specific techniques common to multiple psychotherapies. This study used the Collaborative Study Psychotherapy Rating Scale (CSPRS) to evaluate therapist use of both specific and non-specific techniques in two affect-focused ESTs for depression...
September 2017: Journal of Psychotherapy Integration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223686/nourishing-networks-a-social-ecological-analysis-of-a-network-intervention-for-improving-household-nutrition-in-western-kenya
#14
Autumn L DeLorme, Erika R Gavenus, Charles R Salmen, Gor Ouma Benard, Brian Mattah, Elizabeth Bukusi, Kathryn J Fiorella
RATIONALE: A growing body of research emphasizes the need to engage social networks in maternal and child nutrition interventions. However, an understanding of how interventions functionally engage not only mothers but fathers, grandparents, friends, and other social network members remains limited. OBJECTIVE: This study uses an adaptation of a social-ecological model to analyze the multiple levels at which the Kanyakla Nutrition Program operates to change behavior...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222704/healthcare-system-barriers-to-long-term-follow-up-for-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-british-columbia-canada-a-qualitative-study
#15
A Fuchsia Howard, Arminee Kazanjian, Sheila Pritchard, Rob Olson, Haroon Hasan, Kelly Newton, Karen Goddard
PURPOSE: Risk-stratified life-long follow-up care is recommended for adult childhood cancer survivors (CCS) to ensure appropriate prevention, screening, and management of late effects. The identification of barriers to long-term follow-up (LTFU), particularly in varying healthcare service contexts, is essential to develop and refine services that are responsive to survivor needs. We aimed to explore CCS and healthcare professionals (HCP) perspectives of healthcare system factors that function as barriers to LTFU in British Columbia, Canada...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220710/life-satisfaction-and-its-associated-factors-among-money-boys-in-china
#16
A Zhang, J Yan, G Yang, X Tan, X Wang, S Tan
OBJECTIVES: Money Boy (MB) is a unique term used in China referring to a specialized population of men who sell sex to other men. Life satisfaction can influence one's health-related behaviors. The aim of our study was to find out the situation of MBs' life satisfaction and its associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study among MBs was conducted between July and December 2013 in Hunan province, China. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling method was used for recruitment, with the initial seven 'seeds' found from a gay dating website, and 234 participants were enrolled into the study...
December 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218711/defining-quality-of-care-during-childbirth-from-the-perspectives-of-nigerian-and-ugandan-women-a-qualitative-study
#17
Meghan A Bohren, Musibau A Titiloye, David Kyaddondo, Erin C Hunter, Olufemi T Oladapo, Özge Tunçalp, Josaphat Byamugisha, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Joshua P Vogel, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa
OBJECTIVE: To explore what "quality of care" means to childbearing women in Nigeria and Uganda, as a means of ensuring that women's voices and opinions are prioritized when developing interventions to improve quality in maternity care provision. METHODS: Qualitative methods, with a purposive sample of women in Nigeria and Uganda. Participants were asked to define quality of care and to provide examples of when it was and was not provided. Thematic analysis was used to synthesize findings based on an a priori framework (the WHO quality of care framework)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218498/the-epidemiology-of-coping-in-african-american-adults-in-the-jackson-heart-study-jhs
#18
Allison B Brenner, Ana V Diez-Roux, Samson Y Gebreab, Amy J Schulz, Mario Sims
Differences in coping within the African American population are not well understood, yet these differences may be critical to reducing stress, improving health, and reducing racial health disparities. Using a descriptive, exploratory analysis of the Jackson Heart Study (N = 5301), we examine correlations between coping responses and associations between coping and demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, and neighborhood factors. Overall, coping responses were not strongly correlated and patterns of associations between covariates and coping responses were largely inconsistent...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218022/association-between-unintentional-interpersonal-postural-coordination-produced-by-interpersonal-light-touch-and-the-intensity-of-social-relationship
#19
Tomoya Ishigaki, Ryota Imai, Shu Morioka
Interpersonal postural coordination (IPC) produced by interpersonal light touch (ILT), whereby time-series variations in the postural sway between two people unintentionally resemble each other, may be a possible social interaction. From a sociopsychological standpoint, close mutual behavioral coordination is recognized as "social glue," which represents the closeness of relationships and contributes to the building of a good rapport. Therefore, we hypothesized that if IPC functions as social glue, then IPC produced by ILT also represents a social relationship...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216856/interactional-justice-at-work-is-related-to-sickness-absence-a-study-using-repeated-measures-in-the-swedish-working-population
#20
Constanze Leineweber, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Paraskevi Peristera, Constanze Eib, Anna Nyberg, Hugo Westerlund
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that perceived unfairness contributes to higher rates of sickness absence. While shorter, but more frequent periods of sickness absence might be a possibility for the individual to get relief from high strain, long-term sickness absence might be a sign of more serious health problems. The Uncertainty Management Model suggests that justice is particularly important in times of uncertainty, e.g. perceived job insecurity. The present study investigated the association between interpersonal and informational justice at work with long and frequent sickness absence respectively, under conditions of job insecurity...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
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