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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048319/emotional-content-in-cyberspace-development-and-validation-of-e-motions-questionnaire-in-adolescents-and-young-people
#1
Izabela Zych, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz, Inmaculada Marín-López
BACKGROUND: Studies on emotional intelligence show that some of its dimensions are related to psychological adjustment and the quality of interpersonal relationships. Besides face-to-face interaction, nowadays, relationships are also initiated and maintained in cyberspace. Some studies suggest that emotional content is present in cyber-behavior. The objective of this study was to reveal whether emotions are expressed, perceived and managed online – a concept called E-motions, and to validate an instrument to measure this concept...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047300/cancer-survivors-and-partners-key-concerns-and-quality-of-life
#2
Sam M Dorros, Chris Segrin, Terry A Badger
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the concerns of cancer survivors is essential for effective interventions. This study was designed to identify the primary concerns of dyads coping with cancer, how concerns differed by role and sex, and whether concerns expressed during counselling were associated with survivors' psychosocial well-being and adjustment. DESIGN: Forty-three dyads with breast and prostate cancer (N = 86 participants) were enrolled in an interpersonal telephone counselling intervention...
October 19, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044519/unhealthy-dependency-in-victims-and-perpetrators-of-child-maltreatment-a-meta-analytic-review
#3
REVIEW
Fallon A Kane, Robert F Bornstein
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical conceptualizations of interpersonal dependency and dependent personality disorder suggest that (a) high levels of dependency in parents may increase risk for perpetration of child abuse and neglect and (b) children who are victimized may show elevated levels of dependency later in life. This study used meta-analytic techniques to examine these hypothesized links. METHOD: A systematic search of psychological and medical online databases revealed 14 published studies (21 effect sizes) examining the link between parental dependency and perpetration of abuse or neglect (overall N of perpetrators = 1,321), and 14 published studies (25 effect sizes) assessing dependency in victims of child abuse and neglect (overall N of victims = 38,265)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043852/beliefs-about-others-perceptions-gender-typicality-scale-development-and-relationships-to-gender-nonconformity-sexual-orientation-and-well-being
#4
Laura Green, Katharine A Rimes, Qazi Rahman
The purpose of this study was to develop a measure of "other-perceived" gender typicality and test its relationship with gender nonconformity, sexual orientation, and psychological distress. Data on these variables were collected from 632 participants (142 heterosexual men, 77 gay men, 50 bisexual men, 174 heterosexual women, 85 lesbian women, and 104 bisexual women). We designed a Beliefs About Others' Perceptions-Gender Typicality (BOP-GT) scale on which participants reported how masculine or feminine they thought other people perceived their gendered behavior, interests, appearance, and activities...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038938/a-secure-base-from-which-to-cooperate-security-child-and-parent-willing-stance-and-adaptive-and-maladaptive-outcomes-in-two-longitudinal-studies
#5
Kathryn C Goffin, Lea J Boldt, Grazyna Kochanska
Early secure attachment plays a key role in socialization by inaugurating a long-term mutual positive, collaborative interpersonal orientation within the parent-child dyad. We report findings from Family Study (community mothers, fathers, and children, from age 2 to 12, N = 102, 51 girls) and Play Study (exclusively low-income mothers and children, from age 3.5 to 7, N = 186, 90 girls). We examined links among observed secure attachment at toddler age, child and parent receptive, willing stance to each other, observed in parent-child contexts at early school age, and developmental outcomes...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036870/development-and-validation-of-a-new-safety-climate-scale-for-petrochemical-industries
#6
Mohammad Javad Jafari, Davood Eskandari, Firouz Valipour, Yadollah Mehrabi, Hossein Charkhand, Mostafa Mirghotbi
BACKGROUND: While a considerable body of research has studied safety climate and its role as a leading indicator of organizational safety, much of this work has been conducted with Western manufacturing samples. OBJECTIVE: The current study puts emphasis on the cross-validation of a safety climate model in the non-Western industrial context of Iranian petrochemical industries. METHODS: The current study was performed in one petrochemical company in Iran...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036492/partners-overestimation-of-patients-pain-severity-relationships-with-partners-interpersonal-responses
#7
Doerte U Junghaenel, Stefan Schneider, Joan E Broderick
Objectives: The present study examined whether concordance between patients' and their partners' reports of patient pain severity relates to partners' social support and behavioral responses in couples coping with chronic pain. Methods: Fifty-two couples completed questionnaires about the patient's pain severity. Both dyad members also rated the partner's social support and negative, solicitous, and distracting responses toward the patient when in pain. Results: Bivariate correlations showed moderate correspondence between patient and partner ratings of pain severity (r = 0...
September 26, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035665/like-an-extended-family-relationships-that-emerge-when-older-caregivers-use-written-messages-to-communicate-in-an-ict-based-healthcare-service
#8
Hilde Solli, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Sigrun Hvalvik, Ragnhild Hellesø
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships that emerge amongst caregivers of persons with dementia and stroke when caregivers use written messages as their communication tool in a closed information and communication technology (ICT)-based support group. METHODS: An explorative design with a qualitative approach was used that applied systematic text condensation (STC) to analyse 173 written messages extracted from a web forum. RESULTS: Empathetic, empowering and familiar relationships emerged amongst peers of older caregivers when the caregivers used written messages as their communication tool...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034690/educator-perspectives-on-the-postsecondary-transition-difficulties-of-students-with-autism
#9
Rebecca Elias, Ashley E Muskett, Susan W White
Addressing the challenges of adolescents and emerging adults with autism spectrum disorder is crucial to improving the outcomes of these students in the postsecondary setting. Although secondary and postsecondary educators and staff are critical to helping these students access services, there has been little investigation into the perspectives of this stakeholder group, with respect to the needs of postsecondary students with autism spectrum disorder. A series of focus groups was conducted with secondary and postsecondary educators to understand educator perspectives related to the challenges faced by postsecondary students with autism spectrum disorder...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034259/problem-adaptation-therapy-for-pain-path-pain-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-and-negative-emotions-in-primary-care
#10
Dimitris N Kiosses, Lisa D Ravdin, Amy Stern, Ruth Bolier, Cara Kenien, M Carrington Reid
Chronic pain is highly prevalent in older adults, contributes to activity restriction and social isolation, disrupts family and interpersonal relationships, and poses a significant economic burden to society. Negative emotions such as sadness, anxiety, helplessness, and hopelessness are associated with chronic pain and contribute to poor quality of life, impaired interpersonal and social functioning, and increased disability. Psychosocial interventions for older adults with chronic pain have been historically developed for, and are almost exclusively delivered to, cognitively intact patients...
2017: Geriatrics (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033886/complex-problem-solving-in-teams-the-impact-of-collective-orientation-on-team-process-demands
#11
Vera Hagemann, Annette Kluge
Complex problem solving is challenging and a high-level cognitive process for individuals. When analyzing complex problem solving in teams, an additional, new dimension has to be considered, as teamwork processes increase the requirements already put on individual team members. After introducing an idealized teamwork process model, that complex problem solving teams pass through, and integrating the relevant teamwork skills for interdependently working teams into the model and combining it with the four kinds of team processes (transition, action, interpersonal, and learning processes), the paper demonstrates the importance of fulfilling team process demands for successful complex problem solving within teams...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033866/neural-substrate-of-group-mental-health-insights-from-multi-brain-reference-frame-in-functional-neuroimaging
#12
Dipanjan Ray, Dipanjan Roy, Brahmdeep Sindhu, Pratap Sharan, Arpan Banerjee
Contemporary mental health practice primarily centers around the neurobiological and psychological processes at the individual level. However, a more careful consideration of interpersonal and other group-level attributes (e.g., interpersonal relationship, mutual trust/hostility, interdependence, and cooperation) and a better grasp of their pathology can add a crucial dimension to our understanding of mental health problems. A few recent studies have delved into the interpersonal behavioral processes in the context of different psychiatric abnormalities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033570/atypical-depression-current-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Dorota Łojko, Janusz K Rybakowski
The history and present status of the definition, prevalence, neurobiology, and treatment of atypical depression (AD) is presented. The concept of AD has evolved through the years, and currently, in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fifth Edition, the specifier of depressive episode with atypical feature is present for both diagnostic groups, that is, depressive disorders and bipolar and related disorders. This specifier includes mood reactivity, hyperphagia, hypersomnia, leaden paralysis, and interpersonal rejection sensitivity...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032947/temporal-distribution-of-alcohol-related-facial-fractures
#14
Kai H Lee, Michael Qiu, Jiandong Sun
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to address 2 important aspects of temporal pattern in alcohol-related facial fractures: (1) comparison of temporal pattern of alcohol-related facial fracture (alcohol group) presentation with non-alcohol-related fracture (non-alcohol group) presentation; (2) temporal pattern of patient demographic characteristics, injury characteristics, and surgical management in the alcohol group presentation. STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively examined the Victorian admitted episodes data set (VAED) for the years 2010 to 2013...
September 19, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032168/ineffectiveness-of-the-tobacco-hazards-prevention-act-in-patients-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness
#15
B-C Shu, F-W Lung, S-E Guo, K-C Chen, S-Y Fang, A-L Wang
OBJECTIVES: The effect of the Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act (THPA) on the reduction of tobacco use in the general population in Taiwan is understood. However, there has been little research on how these policies affect people with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Hence, the influence of the THPA on daily cigarette use by patients with SPMI was investigated in a 3-year follow-up. The risk and protective factors in smoking behavior and cessation were investigated. STUDY DESIGN: This is an observational study...
October 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032166/interpersonal-vulnerability-among-offspring-of-holocaust-survivors-gay-men-and-its-association-with-depressive-symptoms-and-life-satisfaction
#16
Geva Shenkman, Amit Shrira, Kfir Ifrah, Dov Shmotkin
The aim of the current study was to examine whether offspring of Holocaust survivors (OHS) gay men report higher interpersonal vulnerability in comparison to non-OHS gay men, and to further assess whether that vulnerability mediates the association between having a Holocaust background and mental health outcomes (depressive symptoms and life satisfaction). For this purpose, a community-dwelling sample of 79 middle-aged and older OHS and 129 non-OHS gay men completed measures of hostile-world scenario (HWS) in the interpersonal domain, satisfaction from current steady relationship, depressive symptoms and life satisfaction...
October 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029680/long-term-effectiveness-of-treatment-as-usual-couple-therapy-for-military-veterans
#17
Kathryn M Nowlan, Emily J Georgia, Brian D Doss
Despite the fact that veterans face increased psychological and relationship distress as a result of their service-related experiences, no study to date has explored the long-term effectiveness of couple therapy for veterans. In the present investigation, 238 individuals (113 couples and 12 additional individuals) completed assessments 18 months after termination of treatment-as-usual couple therapy at two Veteran Administration Medical Centers. From pretreatment to 18-month follow-up, couples experienced significant increases in relationship satisfaction (d = 0...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027835/identifying-the-types-of-support-needed-by-interprofessional-teams-providing-pediatric-end-of-life-care-a-thematic-analysis
#18
Clare O Riotte, Stephanie K Kukora, Patricia M Keefer, Janice I Firn
BACKGROUND: Despite the number of interprofessional team members caring for children at the end of life, little evidence exists on how institutions can support their staff in providing care in these situations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate which aspects of the hospital work environment were most helpful for multidisciplinary team members who care for patients at the end of life and identify areas for improvement to better address staff needs. DESIGN: Qualitative thematic analysis was completed of free-text comments from a survey distributed to interprofessional staff members involved in the care of a recently deceased pediatric patient...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026488/a-longitudinal-study-on-the-effects-of-negative-rearing-experiences-on-adolescents-social-withdrawal-and-aggression
#19
Kyung-Suk Lee, Ok-Joo Choi, Joon-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Children who have experienced negative rearing behaviors show a lack of self-confidence due to emotional instability and are reserved in interpersonal relationships. This can lead to failure in social adaptation and a high risk of depression, suicide, criminal acts, and anti-social behaviors. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the effects of experiencing negative parental rearing behaviors, such as neglect and abuse, on adolescents' social withdrawal and aggression, by utilizing multivariate latent growth models...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024891/mentalizing-and-interpersonal-problems-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-mediating-role-of-identity-diffusion
#20
Celine De Meulemeester, Benedicte Lowyck, Rudi Vermote, Yannic Verhaest, Patrick Luyten
Individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are characterized by problems in interpersonal functioning and their long-term social integration often remains problematic. Extant theories have linked identity diffusion to many of the interpersonal problems characteristic of BPD patients. Recent theoretical accounts have suggested that identity diffusion results from problems with mentalizing or reflective functioning, that is, the capacity to understand oneself and others in terms of intentional mental states...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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