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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667870/focus-is-key-panic-focused-interpretations-are-associated-with-symptomatic-improvement-in-panic-focused-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#1
John R Keefe, Nili Solomonov, Robert J Derubeis, Alexander C Phillips, Fredric N Busch, Jacques P Barber, Dianne L Chambless, Barbara L Milrod
OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether, in panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy (PFPP), interpretations of conflicts that underlie anxiety (panic-focused or PF-interpretations) are specifically associated with subsequent panic disorder (PD) symptom improvement, over and above the provision of non-symptom-focused interpretations. METHOD: Technique use in Sessions 2 and 10 of a 24-session PFPP protocol was assessed for the 65 patients with complete outcome data randomized to PFPP in a two-site trial of psychotherapies for PD...
April 18, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667270/dimensional-measure-of-self-and-interpersonal-functioning-comparisons-with-treatment-alliance-and-readiness-for-inpatient-psychotherapy
#2
Greg Haggerty, Michelle Stein, Caleb Siefert, Jennifer Zodan, Ashwin Mehra, Kelechi Ogbuji, Jaspreet Sangha, Michael Habib, Samuel J Sinclair, Mark A Blais
The social cognition and object relations scale-global rating method is a clinical rating system assessing 8 domains of self and interpersonal functioning. It can be applied to score numerous forms of narrative data. In this study, we investigate the SCORS-G relationship to measures of alliance and readiness for psychotherapy with an adolescent inpatient sample. Seventy-two psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents were consented and subsequently rated by their individual and group therapist using the SCORS-G...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665775/contact-among-healthcare-workers-in-the-hospital-setting-developing-the-evidence-base-for-innovative-approaches-to-infection-control
#3
Krista M English, Joanne M Langley, Allison McGeer, Nathaniel Hupert, Raymond Tellier, Bonnie Henry, Scott A Halperin, Lynn Johnston, Babak Pourbohloul
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial, or healthcare-associated infections (HAI), exact a high medical and financial toll on patients, healthcare workers, caretakers, and the health system. Interpersonal contact patterns play a large role in infectious disease spread, but little is known about the relationship between health care workers' (HCW) movements and contact patterns within a heath care facility and HAI. Quantitatively capturing these patterns will aid in understanding the dynamics of HAI and may lead to more targeted and effective control strategies in the hospital setting...
April 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663404/do-psychopathic-birds-of-a-feather-flock-together-psychopathic-personality-traits-and-romantic-preferences
#4
Ashley L Watts, Jessica C Rohr, Katherine L McCauley, Sarah Francis Smith, Kristin Landfield Howe, Scott O Lilienfeld
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present studies was to investigate whether people are especially attracted to psychopathic traits, and whether there are individual differences characteristics in such attraction. METHOD: Female undergraduates (N = 270; Mage = 19; 57% White, 20% Asian, 8% Black) and female and male community members (N = 426, Mage = 37; 56% female; 81% Caucasian, 10% African American, 4% Asian) reported on their own personality and constructed their ideal mate for a dating, short-term, and long-term relationship from a list of 70 characteristics drawn from well-validated criteria for psychopathic personality and diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 personality disorders (PDs)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658285/-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-raynaud-s-disease
#5
Balázs Fábián, Zoltán Csiki, Antal Bugán
INTRODUCTION: Raynaud's disease is characterized by episodic vasospastic attacks and digital ischemia usually followed by pain, numbness and cold. Despite the severity of the symptoms, the investigation of the quality of life in this disease received less attention yet. AIM: The aim of the study was to examine how the disease affects the patients' quality of life. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were made with 28 patients diagnosed with Raynaud's disease...
April 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656285/sociocultural-and-familial-factors-associated-with-weight-bias-internalization
#6
Rebecca L Pearl, Thomas A Wadden, Jena Shaw Tronieri, Ariana M Chao, Naji Alamuddin, Zayna M Bakizada, Emilie Pinkasavage, Robert I Berkowitz
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sociocultural and familial factors associated with weight bias internalization (WBI) are currently unknown. The present study explored the relationship between interpersonal sources of weight stigma, family weight history, and WBI. METHODS: Participants with obesity (N = 178, 87.6% female, 71.3% black) completed questionnaires that assessed the frequency with which they experienced weight stigma from various interpersonal sources. Participants also reported the weight status of their family members and completed measures of WBI, depression, and demographics...
April 14, 2018: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656217/religiosity-and-interpersonal-problems-explain-individual-differences-in-self-esteem-among-young-adults-with-child-maltreatment-experiences
#7
Jonathan C Waldron, Angela Scarpa, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Child maltreatment can have a lasting impact, which is why it is important to understand factors that may exacerbate or mitigate self-esteem difficulties in adulthood. Although there is tremendous benefit that can come from religion and spirituality, few studies examine religious views after child maltreatment. Subsequent interpersonal difficulties may also affect self-esteem in maltreatment survivors. This study sought to examine interpersonal problems and religiosity as mediators in the link between childhood maltreatment and self-esteem in adulthood...
April 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652639/does-family-cohesion-predict-children-s-effort-the-mediating-roles-of-sense-of-coherence-hope-and-loneliness
#8
David B Feldman, Michal Einav, Malka Margalit
The degree of cohesion and support within families has often been considered a predictor of students' effort-investment and success in school. The objectives of this study are to examine the roles of personal factors (i.e., sense of coherence and hopeful thinking) as well as interpersonal factors (i.e., loneliness) in mediating the relationship between family cohesion and effort. The sample consists of 1719 elementary school children (781 boys and 938 girls) from the fifth and six grades (mean age = 10.25, SD = 0...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649991/interpersonal-communication-regarding-pregnancy-related-services-friends-versus-health-professionals-as-conduits-for-information
#9
Leanne Dougherty, Emily Stammer, Thomas W Valente
BACKGROUND: Social network characteristics influence a wide range of health behaviors but few studies examine the relationship between social network characteristics and pregnancy-related outcomes. METHODS: Using a baseline survey from a behavior change pilot project in the Upper West region of Ghana, we examine four outcomes: (1) early antenatal care, (2) having at least four antenatal care visits, (3) skilled birth attendance, and (4) postpartum care. We collected demographic and network data from 1606 women of reproductive age who had a child in the five years preceding the survey...
April 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648858/the-effect-of-alliance-focused-training-on-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-personality-disorders
#10
J Christopher Muran, Jeremy D Safran, Catherine F Eubanks, Bernard S Gorman
OBJECTIVE: To improve success rates in psychotherapy, we developed and evaluated an alliance-focused training (AFT) protocol with regard to patient-therapist interpersonal behavior in a 30-session protocol of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for outpatients comorbid with Axis I and II conditions. METHOD: Participants included 40 patients treated by 40 therapists in a multiple baseline design in which novice therapists trained to fidelity standards in CBT were introduced to AFT at different time intervals (after either 8 or 16 sessions) during a 30-session CBT protocol...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642964/strengthening-primary-health-care-through-primary-care-and-public-health-collaboration-the-influence-of-intrapersonal-and-interpersonal-factors
#11
Ruta K Valaitis, Linda O'Mara, Sabrina T Wong, Marjorie MacDonald, Nancy Murray, Ruth Martin-Misener, Donna Meagher-Stewart
AimThe aim of this paper is to examine Canadian key informants' perceptions of intrapersonal (within an individual) and interpersonal (among individuals) factors that influence successful primary care and public health collaboration. BACKGROUND: Primary health care systems can be strengthened by building stronger collaborations between primary care and public health. Although there is literature that explores interpersonal factors that can influence successful inter-organizational collaborations, a few of them have specifically explored primary care and public health collaboration...
April 12, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642769/themes-of-healing-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-women-survivors-narratives-of-intimate-partner-violence
#12
Cassandra D'Amore, Stephanie L Martin, Karen Wood, Carolyn Brooks
Research on the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women demonstrates the significant physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual consequences of this form of interpersonal trauma. It is well documented that experiencing IPV can have devastating consequences to women's physical and mental health, overall well-being, and quality of life, as well as that of their children's. However, a small, predominantly qualitative body of research exists on women's experience of and capacity for healing from the effects of IPV, but more research is needed to advance theory and practice in this important area...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627907/transformation-of-adolescent-peer-relations-in-the-social-media-context-part-1-a-theoretical-framework-and-application-to-dyadic-peer-relationships
#13
REVIEW
Jacqueline Nesi, Sophia Choukas-Bradley, Mitchell J Prinstein
Investigators have long recognized that adolescents' peer experiences provide a crucial context for the acquisition of developmental competencies, as well as potential risks for a range of adjustment difficulties. However, recent years have seen an exponential increase in adolescents' adoption of social media tools, fundamentally reshaping the landscape of adolescent peer interactions. Although research has begun to examine social media use among adolescents, researchers have lacked a unifying framework for understanding the impact of social media on adolescents' peer experiences...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626785/men-s-experiences-of-early-life-trauma-and-pathways-into-long-term-homelessness
#14
Julia Woodhall-Melnik, James R Dunn, Stephen Svenson, Caroline Patterson, Flora I Matheson
Previous studies that have explored the association between childhood trauma and homelessness indicate that traumatic events can lead to survivor distrust of interpersonal relationships and institutions, prolonged homelessness and poor health and social outcomes. The majority of this literature relies on quantitative data and fails to investigate the personal experiences of childhood trauma that are found to impact housing status later in life. Semi-structured, qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 men living in an urban area in Ontario who had spent more than 30 consecutive nights in an emergency shelter over the course of their housing histories...
April 4, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626353/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-maladaptive-eating-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-or-obesity
#15
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kathryn E Smith, Ross D Crosby, Hope K Boyd, Elizabeth Dougherty, Scott G Engel, Alissa Haedt-Matt
OBJECTIVES: Contextual factors related to maladaptive eating behavior in youth with overweight/obesity are poorly understood. This pilot study sought to elucidate immediate internal and external cues related to perceptions of overeating and loss of control (LOC) over eating in a heterogeneous sample of children and adolescents with overweight/obesity assessed in their natural environments. METHOD: Community-based youth [N = 40; 55% female (n = 22)], aged 8-14 y (M age = 11...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625768/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-acceptability-and-decision-making-among-adolescent-boys-and-parents-a-meta-ethnography-of-qualitative-studies
#16
REVIEW
Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Peter A Newman, Philip Baiden
OBJECTIVE: Genital warts and human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers in men can be substantially reduced through HPV vaccination; yet, globally, HPV vaccine uptake among boys remains low. This meta-ethnography synthesizes qualitative studies to understand, in-depth, HPV vaccine acceptability and decision-making among adolescent boys and/or their parents. METHODS: A systematic search identified qualitative studies examining HPV vaccines from the perspectives of boys and/or boys' parents...
April 3, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624832/metacognitive-interpersonal-therapy-in-group-mit-g-for-young-adults-with-personality-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Raffaele Popolo, Angus MacBeth, Flaviano Canfora, Daniela Rebecchi, Cecilia Toselli, Giampaolo Salvatore, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Young adults with personality disorders (PD) other than borderline are in urgent need of validated treatments to help them in managing important life transitions. Therapeutic interventions focused upon social and interpersonal difficulties may facilitate these individuals in maximizing opportunities for employment, forming stable romantic relationships, and belong to social groups. It is also important that they are offered evidence-based, first-line time-limited treatments in order to maximize effectiveness and reduce costs...
April 6, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624443/interpersonal-communication-motives-for-flirting-face-to-face-and-through-texting
#18
Narissra M Punyanunt-Carter, Thomas R Wagner
The objective of this study was to investigate specific interpersonal communication motives that college students use to flirt through texting versus face to face (FtF). Four hundred college students (101 men, 299 women) were surveyed and reported using various communication motives to flirt using texting with a potential romantic partner. College students reported specific motives for flirting. Women reported flirting through text and FtF for pleasure motives significantly more than men, whereas men reported flirting for control and relaxation...
April 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623871/health-promoting-lifestyle-and-quality-of-life-among-chinese-nursing-students
#19
Yim Wah Mak, Angela H F Kao, Lucia W Y Tam, Virginia W C Tse, Don T H Tse, Doris Y P Leung
AimThis study aimed to examine the relationships between socio-economic status, health-promoting lifestyles, and quality of life among Chinese nursing students. BACKGROUND: Nursing students will be future health promoters, but they may not always adopt the recommended healthy lifestyle. Currently, there are insufficient studies examining the health-promoting lifestyles of Chinese nursing students, and the impact of socio-economic status and health-promoting lifestyle on their health. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey...
April 6, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623576/understanding-racial-ethnic-differences-in-breast-cancer-related-physical-well-being-the-role-of-patient-provider-interactions
#20
Devon K Check, Neetu Chawla, Marilyn L Kwan, Laura Pinheiro, Janise M Roh, Isaac J Ergas, Anita L Stewart, Tatjana Kolevska, Christine Ambrosone, Lawrence H Kushi
PURPOSE: Racial/ethnic differences in cancer symptom burden are well documented, but limited research has evaluated modifiable factors underlying these differences. Our objective was to examine the role of patient-provider interactions to help explain the relationship between race/ethnicity and cancer-specific physical well-being (PWB) among women with breast cancer. METHODS: The Pathways Study is a prospective cohort study of 4505 women diagnosed with breast cancer at Kaiser Permanente Northern California between 2006 and 2013...
April 5, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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