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Gingival sensitivity and mouthwash

Jyosthna G Madhurkar, Pragathi R Bhat, Anirudh B Acharya, Srinath L Thakur, Vijay A Trasad
BACKGROUND: Dentine hypersensitivity (DH) is the most common problem encountered by most of the dentists in their day-to-day clinical practice. It is characterized by a sharp pain or discomfort arising as a response to thermal, chemical, or osmotic stimuli and is caused due to exposure of dentine after the enamel or cementum at the root surface has been lost by the treatment, underlying dental and gingival diseases or physiologic wear and tear of the teeth. This further complicates preventive oral hygiene procedures by the patients, which jeopardize periodontal treatment or may as well aid in periodontal treatment failure...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Belinda Hsu, Stephanie Lee, Donald Schwass, Geoffrey Tompkins
BACKGROUND: Application of astringent hemostatic agents is the most widely used technique for gingival retraction, and a variety of products are offered commercially. However, these products may have additional unintended yet clinically beneficial properties. The authors assessed the antimicrobial activities of marketed retraction products against plaque-associated bacteria in both planktonic and biofilm assays, in vitro. METHODS: The authors assessed hemostatic solutions, gels, pellets, retraction cords, pastes, and their listed active agents against a collection of microorganisms by means of conventional agar diffusion and minimum bacteriostatic and bactericidal concentration determinations...
July 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
John K Brooks
A well-recognized consequence of the use of tooth whitening gels and strips, particularly prescription strength formulations, is gingival irritation and tooth sensitivity. Limited information is available in the literature on the risk of gingival chemical burns associated with over-the-counter (OTC) oral whitening rinses. This case report details the development of gingival chemical burns consequent to misuse of a whitening rinse. The affected patient had rinsed for 30 seconds daily for 3-4 days but had failed to rinse with water after usage, as specified by the manufacturer...
January 2017: General Dentistry
Joe Latimer, Jodie L Munday, Kara M Buzza, Prem K Sreenivasan, Andrew J McBain
PURPOSE: To assess the antimicrobial effects of a fluoride-free and alcohol-free mouthrinse containing 0.075% CPC (test rinse, TR) compared with an otherwise-identical CPC-free control rinse (CR). METHODS: Activity against laboratory cultures of Fusobacterium nucleatum, a bacterium associated with gingival disease, was determined using viable counting following 30-second exposures to TR and CR. Effects against intact saliva-derived plaque biofilms were quantified using confocal microscopy coupled with three-dimensional image analyses (viability profiling)...
September 2015: American Journal of Dentistry
Jun-Beom Park, Gil Lee, Byeong Gon Yun, Chang-Hyen Kim, Youngkyung Ko
Chlorhexidine (CHX) and Listerine (LIS), an essential oil compound, are the two commonly used adjunctive agents for mechanical debridement, for reducing the bacterial load in the treatment of peri-implant inflammation. However, antimicrobial agents have been reported to be cytotoxic to the alveolar bone cells and gingival epithelial cells. The present study was performed to examine the effects of antiseptics CHX and LIS, on the morphology and proliferation of stem cells. Stem cells derived from the buccal fat pad were grown on machined titanium discs...
April 2014: Molecular Medicine Reports
P I Eke, B A Dye, L Wei, G D Slade, G O Thornton-Evans, J D Beck, G W Taylor, W S Borgnakke, R C Page, R J Genco
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of self-reported measures in predicting periodontitis in a representative US adult population, based on 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data. Self-reported gum health and treatment history, loose teeth, bone loss around teeth, tooth not looking right, and use of dental floss and mouthwash were obtained during in-home interviews and validated against full-mouth clinically assessed periodontitis in 3,743 US adults 30 years and older...
November 2013: Journal of Dental Research
Beth W Orenstein, Lindsey Marcellin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Today's FDA: Official Monthly Journal of the Florida Dental Association
V Blanc, S Isabal, M C Sánchez, A Llama-Palacios, D Herrera, M Sanz, R León
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bacteria in the oral cavity grow in the form of biofilms; these structures are subject to constant saliva or gingival crevicular fluid flow conditions. The aims of this study were: (i) to develop and to characterize an in-vitro biofilm model with oral bacteria growing under flow and shear conditions; and (ii) to demonstrate the usefulness of the model for evaluating the activity of three antiplaque agents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used a bioreactor to grow the oral bacteria Streptococcus oralis, Actinomyces naeslundii, Veillonella parvula, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis under planktonic conditions...
June 2014: Journal of Periodontal Research
P K Sreenivasan, V I Haraszthy, J J Zambon
UNLABELLED: This study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of two commercially available 0·05% cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) mouthrinses with or without alcohol and examined its antimicrobial activity on oral bacterial species including fresh clinical isolates compared to a chlorhexidine mouthrinse and a control fluoride mouthrinse without CPC. Two different approaches were used to evaluate antimicrobial activity. First, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined for each mouthrinse against a panel of 25 micro-organisms including species associated with dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis...
January 2013: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Amir Moeintaghavi, Hamidreza Arab, Mehrangiz Khajekaramodini, Rohollah Hosseini, Hossein Danesteh, Hamed Niknami
AIM: Herbal mouthwashes, such as persica (Salvadora persica, mint and yarrow extracts) and miswak extract have been shown to decrease gingival inflammation and plaque accumulation. The aim of this study was to compare the antimicrobial activities of persica and miswak extract with the conventional mouthwash chlorhexidine against Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus sanguis, Lactobacillus vulgaris and Candida albicans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro study, blood-agar culture (Merk, Germany) was used to grow the streptococcus strains, saburd-dextrose culture (Merk, Germany) was used to grow C...
March 2012: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
M P López-Jornet, G García-Teresa, M Viñas, T Vinuesa
OBJECTIVES: Specific toothpaste and mouthwash for xerostomia based on triclosan, fluoride, and mineral salts were studied in order to evaluate their efficacy in improving the quality of life as well as their in vitro antimicrobial action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 patients with dry mouth and hyposalivation confirmed by sialometry were included in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study, during two weeks for each experimental phase. Dryness and oral comfort, difficulty in speaking, chewing, swallowing and using dental prostheses, as well as taste and sleep disorders were evaluated...
November 2011: Journal of Dentistry
Sigrun Eick, Susann Goltz, Sandor Nietzsche, Holger Jentsch, Wolfgang Pfister
OBJECTIVE: To determine in vitro the action of chlorhexidine digluconate and different commercially available mouthrinses on oral microorganisms. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Minimal inhibitory concentrations and possible induction of resistance by chlorhexidine digluconate, an essential oil-containing mouthwash and an amine fluoride/stannous fluoride solution, were determined against microorganisms normally found in the oral cavity (10 streptococci, 2 enterobacteria, 1 Candida albicans, 8 Porphyromonas gingivalis, 6 Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, and 1 Fusobacterium nucleatum)...
September 2011: Quintessence International
Irène Hitz Lindenmüller, J Thomas Lambrecht
Adequate dental and oral hygiene may become a challenge for all users and especially for elderly people and young children because of their limited motor skills. The same holds true for patients undergoing/recovering from chemo-/radiotherapy with accompanying sensitive mucosal conditions. Poor dental hygiene can result in tooth decay, gingivitis, periodontitis, tooth loss, bad breath (halitosis), fungal infection and gum diseases. The use of a toothbrush is the most important measure for oral hygiene. Toothbrushes with soft bristles operated carefully by hand or via an electric device help to remove plaque and to avoid mucosal trauma...
2011: Current Problems in Dermatology
Paul I Eke, Bruce Dye
BACKGROUND: Self-report measures have been used successfully for the surveillance of chronic diseases in adult populations. This pilot study assessed the use of self-report oral health measures for predicting the population prevalence of periodontitis in United States adults. METHODS: Data were collected from 456 subjects participating in a 2007 study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Each subject answered eight predetermined oral health self-report questions obtained from in-person interviews and were given a full-mouth periodontal examination using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey protocol...
September 2009: Journal of Periodontology
H Hasson, A I Ismail, G Neiva
BACKGROUND: During the last decade tooth whitening products have become widely available in the USA for sale over-the-counter or dispensed by dentists for use at home. With the current rapid growth in demand for tooth whitening it is imperative that the dental community base its recommendations to patients on sound scientific evaluations conducted in well-designed and independent studies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness (versus a placebo or another active product) and side effects of over-the-counter or dentist-dispensed chemically-based tooth whitening products designed for home use...
2006: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
E Bakhtadze, K Gogilashvili
Unsatisfactory hygienic condition of mouth cavity is one of the main reasons of periodontitis and gingivitis. The purpose of the investigation was the evaluation of effectiveness of the product of Italian company "President" for curing inflammatory diseases of the periodontal tissues. 42 patients aged from 18 to 65 were under observation. With the general and local anti-inflammatory treatment they were prescribed the following tooth-pastes: President Active, President Exclusive, and President Sensitive; rinses: President Profi, President sensitive plus, gel for gums--President Sensitive Plus...
July 2006: Georgian Medical News
Marc Quirynen, Catherine Soers, Mandy Desnyder, Christel Dekeyser, Martine Pauwels, Daniel van Steenberghe
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine (CHX) mouth rinse/spray can still be considered the gold standard in the chemical prevention of plaque formation and development of gingivitis. The product unfortunately has some side effects, such as extrinsic tooth staining, poor taste, taste disturbance, sensitivity changes in tongue, pain and irritation because of the alcohol content. These side effects led to the search of new formulations. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized, long-term, parallel study, 48 moderate periodontitis patients rinsed for 6 months (starting immediately after a "one-stage, full-mouth" disinfection) with one of the following products: CHX 0...
April 2005: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Jon Witt, Nivedita Ramji, Roger Gibb, John Dunavent, Janine Flood, John Barnes
Antimicrobial agents are commonly incorporated into hygiene products for the treatment and prevention of plaque and gingivitis. Recently, a new alcohol-free rinse containing 0.07% cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) in a high bioavailable matrix (Crest Pro-Health Rinse) was introduced to provide antiplaque and antigingivitis benefits. This paper reviews results from an in vitro pre-clinical study and an in vivo clinical study evaluating the antibacterial and antiplaque benefits of this CPC rinse technology. In the in vitro experiment, a no-alcohol 0...
February 15, 2005: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
R J Yates, R G Newcombe, M Addy
OBJECTIVES: Potassium and fluoride salts have been used in the treatment of dentine hypersensitivity (DH). The primary aim of this study was to compare a fluoride-containing mouthrinse product with a placebo rinse for the treatment of DH. A secondary aim was to compare effects on plaque index (PI) and gingivitis index (GI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a double-blind, randomised, two-treatment parallel design involving 91 subjects with DH. At screening, an air evaporative stimulus (AES) was used for selection...
October 2004: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Denise MacCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2004: Journal of the Irish Dental Association
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