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flap head neck cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345267/color-duplex-ultrasonography-versus-handheld-doppler-to-plan-anterior-lateral-thigh-flaps
#1
Bernd Lethaus, Christina Loberg, Anita Kloss-Brandstätter, Alexander K Bartella, Timm Steiner, Ali Modabber, Frank Hölzle, Jan Teichmann
BACKGROUND: The anterior lateral thigh flap (ALT) has become increasingly important in reconstructive surgery in the head and neck region. To cope with the problem of anatomical variability in the supplying blood vessels, preoperative evaluation is desirable. Purpose of the study is to compare the most commonly used Doppler devices Handheld Doppler (HD) and Color Doppler Ultrasonography (CDU) for their clinical reliability. METHODS: Forty five consecutive head and neck cancer patients (mean age 66...
March 27, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342884/oral-cancer-reconstruction-using-the-supraclavicular-artery-island-flap-comparison-to-free-radial-forearm-flap
#2
Christian Welz, Martin Canis, Sabina Schwenk-Zieger, Jennifer L Spiegel, Bernhard G Weiß, Yiannis Pilavakis
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the pedicled supraclavicular artery island flap (SCAIF) is a sufficient alternative to the fasciocutaneous radial forearm free flap (RFFF) for oral reconstruction in cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors designed and implemented a retrospective cohort study composed of all consecutive patients who underwent head and neck reconstruction after cancer surgery at their tertiary university hospital from 2013 to 2016. Demographics and peri- and postoperative information were recorded and statistically analyzed...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334798/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-major-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#3
Yun Zhu, Gangpu Wang, Shengwen Liu, Shanghui Zhou, Ying Lian, Chenping Zhang, Wenjun Yang
Objective: Postoperative delirium is common after extensive surgery. This study aimed to collate and synthesize published literature on risk factors for delirium in patients with head and neck cancer surgery. Methods: Three databases were searched (MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library) between January 1987 and July 2016. The Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS) was adopted to evaluate the study quality. Pooled odds ratios or mean differences for individual risk factors were estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel and inverse-variance methods...
February 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293493/technique-to-improve-tracheostomy-speaking-valve-tolerance-after-head-and-neck-free-flap-reconstruction
#4
John T Stranix, Keri M Danziger, Veturia L Dumbrava, Ginger Mars, David L Hirsch, Jamie P Levine
Increased upper airway resistance from postoperative changes after major head and neck surgery may cause elevated transtracheal pressures and result in tracheostomy speaking valve intolerance. This may be particularly true among patients with baseline pulmonary disease. We describe a patient recovering from oral cancer resection and flap reconstruction who demonstrated prolonged ventilator dependence and tracheostomy speaking valve intolerance with abnormal tracheal manometry. We attempted to improve speaking valve tolerance through the adaptation of a valve modification intended to reduce transtracheal pressures...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177328/head-and-neck-reconstruction-with-pedicled-flaps-in-the-free-flap-era
#5
R Mahieu, G Colletti, P Bonomo, G Parrinello, A Iavarone, G Dolivet, L Livi, A Deganello
Nowadays, the transposition of microvascular free flaps is the most popular method for management of head and neck defects. However, not all patients are suitable candidates for free flap reconstruction. In addition, not every defect requires a free flap transfer to achieve good functional results. The aim of this study was to assess whether pedicled flap reconstruction of head and neck defects is inferior to microvascular free flap reconstruction in terms of complications, functionality and prognosis. The records of consecutive patients who underwent free flap or pedicled flap reconstruction after head and neck cancer ablation from 2006 to 2015, from a single surgeon, in the AOUC Hospital, Florence Italy were analysed...
December 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138794/perforator-variability-in-the-anterolateral-thigh-free-flap-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Ross K Smith, James Wykes, David T Martin, Navin Niles
OBJECTIVES: The use of free flaps greatly improves reconstruction options and quality of life for patients undergoing oncological resections. The anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap is frequently used in the head and neck. The aim of this review was to provide a summary of published evidence assessing perforator anatomy of this flap. METHODS: A broad search was undertaken through the PubMed database using the terms "anterolateral thigh free flap" and "perforator"...
January 30, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124630/cost-analysis-of-osteoradionecrosis
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
L Park, N Lilic, B Addison, R Patel
OBJECTIVE: Osteoradionecrosis is a significant complication of head and neck cancer treatment, and its most severe form (grade III) necessitates radical surgery. This study aimed to compare the cost of free-flap reconstructive surgery for grade III osteoradionecrosis and similar non-osteoradionecrosis cases in order to assess the cost burden of osteoradionecrosis treatment. METHODS: All patients who underwent free-flap reconstructive surgery for osteoradionecrosis between July 2004 and July 2010 at Auckland City Hospital (19 patients) were identified, and relevant data were collected retrospectively...
April 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118198/microvascular-tissue-transfers-for-midfacial-and-anterior-cranial-base-reconstruction
#8
Ali Emre Aksu, Hakan Uzun, Ozan Bitik, Gökhan Tunçbilek, Tunç Şafak
Reconstruction of a midfacial defect can represent a difficult challenge for the plastic surgeon. Although many midfacial deformities have traumatic or congenital origins, the vast majority of head and neck defects occur after resection of malignant head and neck neoplasms. Autogenous reconstruction is now routinely performed for larger, complex defects resulting from surgical resection or trauma. In this study, the authors present 27 patients with midfacial defects reconstructed with free flaps. Twenty-two of the defects were created by surgical ablation of cancer (maxillectomy) and the others were traumatic...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064382/early-assessment-of-feasibility-and-technical-specificities-of-transoral-robotic-surgery-using-the-da-vinci-xi
#9
Philippe Gorphe, Jean Von Tan, Sophie El Bedoui, Dana M Hartl, Anne Auperin, Quentin Qassemyar, Antoine Moya-Plana, François Janot, Morbize Julieron, Stephane Temam
The latest generation Da Vinci(®) Xi™ Surgical System Robot released has not been evaluated to date in transoral surgery for head and neck cancers. We report here the 1-year results of a non-randomized phase II multicentric prospective trial aimed at assessing its feasibility and technical specificities. Our primary objective was to evaluate the feasibility of transoral robotic surgery using the da Vinci(®) Xi™ Surgical System Robot. The secondary objective was to assess peroperative outcomes. Twenty-seven patients, mean age 62...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062176/characteristics-and-surgical-management-of-flap-compromise-caused-by-thrombosis-of-the-internal-jugular-vein
#10
Bin Yang, Yi Qu, Ming Su, Jinzhong Li, Hua Li, Rudong Xing, Zhengxue Han
BACKGROUND: A principal reason for flap compromise in oral and maxillofacial head and neck surgery, and failure of a free flap transfer, is thrombosis of a drainage vein such as the internal jugular vein. This study characterized flap compromise caused by internal jugular vein thrombosis after a free flap transfer, and its management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was conducted of 306 consecutive microvascular free flaps performed for 305 patients with head and neck cancer from March 2003 to March 2013 at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056483/complex-orofacial-reconstruction-with-the-intrinsic-chimeric-flap
#11
Andrés A Maldonado, Amanda K Silva, Laura S Humphries, Lawrence J Gottlieb
Background Ablation of locally advanced or recurrent head and neck cancer often results in large composite orofacial defects with limited recipient vessels. These complex defects lend well to intrinsic chimeric flap reconstruction, which allows greater ability to inset various flap component tissue types than composite flaps and requires only one set of microvascular anastomoses. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients who underwent orofacial reconstruction with an intrinsic chimeric free flap from 2002 to 2015...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050062/reliability-of-the-pectoralis-major-myocutaneous-flap-in-reconstructive-oral-cancer-surgery-in-developing-countries-our-experience
#12
Atanu Bhanja, D S J D'Souza, Collin Roy, R N Poddar
BACKGROUND: Although free flaps are nowadays considered 'Gold standard' of head and neck reconstruction, pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flap is still popular among many reconstructive cancer surgeons in developing countries for its many advantages and also due to lack of resources for free flaps in most of the centers, large number of cancer patients with poor nutritional status and economic condition. However, many studies have reported high complication rate in PMMC flap. So, the purpose of our study was to evaluate the reliability of PMMC flap...
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043710/complication-and-surgical-site-infection-for-salvage-surgery-in-head-and-neck-cancer-after-chemoradiotherapy-and-bioradiotherapy
#13
Hidenori Suzuki, Nobuhiro Hanai, Daisuke Nishikawa, Yujiro Fukuda, Yasuhisa Hasegawa
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the complications, surgical site infection (SSI), and survival in salvage surgery without free-flap reconstruction for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who were treated by platinum-based chemoradiotherapy (Plat-CRT) or cetuximab-based bioradiotherapy (Cet-BRT). METHODS: Thirty-three patients treated by Plat-CRT and six treated by Cet-BRT had salvage surgery. We categorized postoperative complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification and SSI according to the wound grading scale...
December 30, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000297/use-of-free-tissue-transfer-in-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-and-risk-of-overall-and-serious-complication-s-an-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-project-analysis-of-free-tissue-transfer-to-the-head-and-neck
#14
Steven B Cannady, Kyle M Hatten, Andres M Bur, Jason Brant, John P Fischer, Jason G Newman, Ara A Chalian
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article was to assess the rates of head and neck free tissue transfer and variables available in the American College of Surgeons - National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) dataset to predict overall and serious complications. METHODS: We conducted a data analysis from 2005 to 2014 on free tissue cases in the head and neck with descriptive and cross-sectional analysis to examine correlation of NSQIP variables with complications (p < ...
December 21, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913719/surgical-site-infections-in-major-head-and-neck-surgeries-involving-pedicled-flap-reconstruction
#15
Neerav Goyal, Bharat B Yarlagadda, Daniel G Deschler, Kevin S Emerick, Derrick T Lin, Debbie L Rich, James W Rocco, Marlene L Durand
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate surgical site infections (SSI) after pedicled reconstruction in head and neck surgery. METHODS: Records of patients with pedicled flap reconstructions between 2009 and 2014 at Massachusetts Eye and Ear were reviewed. Onset of SSI or fistula ≤30 days postoperatively was noted. A free flap cohort was reviewed for comparison. RESULTS: Two hundred and eight pedicled reconstructions were performed for cancer (83%), osteoradionecrosis (7%), and other reasons (10%)...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898195/cost-effectiveness-of-microsurgical-reconstruction-for-head-and-neck-defects-after-oncologic-resection
#16
Lin Lin Gao, Marten Basta, Suhail K Kanchwala, Joseph M Serletti, David W Low, Liza C Wu
BACKGROUND: Microvascular free tissue transfer has become the main technique used for head and neck reconstruction. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of free flap reconstruction for head and neck defects after oncologic resection for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: We developed a Markov model of the cost, quality of life, survival, and incremental cost-effectiveness of reconstruction with free tissue transfer compared with locoregional flaps. Health state probabilities and quality of life scores were determined from literature...
November 29, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880030/osseointegrated-implants-into-a-variety-of-composite-free-flaps-a-comparative-analysis
#17
Michael Burgess, Matthew Leung, Anthony Chellapah, Jonathan R Clark, Martin D Batstone
BACKGROUND: Significant oral function is often lost after surgical therapy for head and neck cancer. The use of osseointegrated implants for reconstruction in patients with head and neck surgery has shown to significantly improve the quality of life for these patients. Variable success rates range from 99% to 70%. METHODS: A retrospective audit of patient records was performed looking at cumulative survival of implants. Inclusion criteria were patients who were treated at 1 of 2 designated Australian Head and Neck Units and received oral osseointegrated implants...
November 23, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879602/health-related-quality-of-life-following-reconstruction-for-common-head-and-neck-surgical-defects
#18
Wess A Cohen, Claudia R Albornoz, Peter G Cordeiro, Jennifer Cracchiolo, Elizabeth Encarnacion, Meghan Lee, Michele Cavalli, Snehal Patel, Andrea L Pusic, Evan Matros
BACKGROUND: Improved understanding and management of health-related quality of life represents one of the greatest unmet needs for patients with head and neck malignancies. The purpose of this study was to prospectively measure health-related quality of life associated with different anatomical (head and neck) surgical resections. METHODS: A prospective analysis of health-related quality of life was performed in patients undergoing surgical resection with flap reconstruction for stage II or III head and neck malignancies...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872534/use-of-combined-pmmc-and-nasolabial-flap-for-reconstruction-of-full-thickness-cheek-defect-involving-lip-commisure
#19
Mahendra I Katre, Sunil Deshmukh, Pramod Dhanajkar
Head neck cancer constitute significant cancer burden and among it carcinoma of oral cavity involving buccal mucosa is most common entity in India. Very often it involves lip commisure. Radical surgery along with radiotherapy still remains treatment of choice. Reconstruction of composite defect of oral cavity fallowing ablative surgery remains difficult task. Reconstruction of lip commisure defect after primary tumor excision is still a big challenge. Micro vascular technique primary repair is main modality of treatment which needs great surgical expertise in plastic surgery which is not possible in every institution...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862538/free-thyroid-transfer-short-term-results-of-a-novel-procedure-to-prevent-post-radiation-hypothyroidism
#20
Jeffrey Harris, Brittany Barber, Hani Almarzouki, Rufus Scrimger, Jacques Romney, Daniel O'Connell, Mark Urken, Hadi Seikaly
BACKGROUND: The incidence of radiation-induced hypothyroidism (RIH) in patients with head and neck cancer is >50%. The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term efficacy of free thyroid transfer (FTT) for prevention of RIH in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: Hemithyroid dissection was completed in 10 patients with advanced head and neck cancer undergoing ablation, radial forearm free flap (RFFF) reconstruction, and postoperative radiotherapy (RT)...
November 15, 2016: Head & Neck
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