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flap head neck cancer

Sanna L Lahtinen, Janne H Liisanantti, Meri M Poukkanen, Päivi A Laurila
BACKGROUND: Goal-directed fluid management using stroke volume variation (SVV) analysis is not well studied in free flap reconstruction surgery in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: Patients operated due to cancer of the head and neck with free flap reconstruction during 2008-2010 and 2012-2014 in Oulu University Hospital were retrospectively evaluated to determine the impact of SVV-guided fluid management on perioperative fluid balance, postoperative complications and hospital length of stay (LOS)...
October 19, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Joseph C Dort, D Gregory Farwell, Merran Findlay, Gerhard F Huber, Paul Kerr, Melissa A Shea-Budgell, Christian Simon, Jeffrey Uppington, David Zygun, Olle Ljungqvist, Jeffrey Harris
Importance: Head and neck cancers often require complex, labor-intensive surgeries, especially when free flap reconstruction is required. Enhanced recovery is important in this patient population but evidence-based protocols on perioperative care for this population are lacking. Objective: To provide a consensus-based protocol for optimal perioperative care of patients undergoing head and neck cancer surgery with free flap reconstruction. Evidence Review: Following endorsement by the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society to develop this protocol, a systematic review was conducted for each topic...
October 13, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Wei-Liang Chen, Zhao-Hui Yang, Zhi-Quan Huang, Song Fan, Da-Ming Zhang, You-Yuan Wang
PURPOSE: Head and neck tumors that involve the craniomaxillofacial region are classified as stage IVb disease and are clinically challenging. In this study, the outcomes of craniofacial resection and craniofacial reconstruction in patients with recurrent malignant tumors involving the craniomaxillofacial region were evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted from January 2008 to August 2015. Data collected for each patient included age, gender, tumor site, initial treatment, craniofacial resection, reconstruction flaps and complications after craniofacial resection, adjuvant treatment, and reported outcomes of craniofacial resection and craniofacial reconstruction...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Keishi Kohyama, Ikuo Hyodo, Yasuhisa Hasegawa, Nobukazu Fuwa, Hisakazu Kato
OBJECTIVE: This study aims at selecting recipient vessels for free flap following intra-arterial chemoradiotherapy. At present, many centers combine intra-arterial chemotherapy and concomitant radiotherapy for treating head and neck cancer with favorable results. However, some patients develop recurrent, residual disease/complications after completing treatment protocols and thus require free-flap surgery. The feasibility of microsurgery following intra-arterial chemoradiotherapy remains unclear...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Peter W Henderson, David I Kutler, Bhupesh Parashar, David M Otterburn, Marc A Cohen, Jason A Spector
PURPOSE: While brachytherapy is often used concurrently with flap reconstruction following surgical ablation for head and neck cancer, it remains unclear whether it increases morbidity in the particularly high risk subset of patients undergoing salvage treatment for recurrent head and neck cancer (RH&NC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was undertaken that evaluated patients with RH&NC who underwent flap coverage after surgical re-resection and concomitant brachytherapy...
August 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
D W K Hsu, A Sayan, P Ramchandani, V Ilankovan
We describe our experience of cervical lymphadenectomy with microvascular anastomoses involving levels I to V through a minimally-invasive neck dissection. We retrospectively studied 12 patients who had levels I to IV neck dissection with free flap reconstruction between July 2013 and April 2015 at Poole Hospital (male:female ratio 8:4, mean (range) age 66 (49 - 83) years). The mean (range) operating time was 7 (5 - 8) hours, and the total volume drained from the neck was 105 (60-300) ml. The mean (range) number of harvested lymph nodes was 26 (13-39) from levels I to III, and 33 (20-42) from levels I to IV...
September 14, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Emanuel A Shapera, Paul D Kim
A 50-year-old African American male with Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE) presented to the dermatology clinic for a rapidly enlarging left cheek mass. The mass failed to resolve with conservative measures. A biopsy revealed poorly differentiated Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC). He was referred to Head and Neck Surgery and successfully underwent a resection with free flap reconstruction. Postoperatively he did well. Squamous cell skin carcinomas arising from lesions of Discoid Lupus are rare and aggressive tumors with greater likelihood of metastases...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Yang-Ming Chang, Nidal Farhan Al Deek, Fu-Chan Wei
This article addresses trismus following head and neck cancer ablation and free flap reconstruction whether or not radiotherapy has been utilized. The focus is to achieve durable and favorable outcomes and avoid untoward results. To aid surgeons in fulfilling these goals, key factors, including adequate release surgery, optimal free flap selection and reconstruction, long-lasting results, and the untoward outcomes specific to trismus release and reconstruction surgery and how to avoid them have been investigated and discussed based on the authors' experience in this surgery...
October 2016: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
James Brown, Andrew Schache, Chris Butterworth
This article annotates a philosophy toward achieving best results for the patient with head and neck cancer, in particular relating to oral, mandibular, and maxillary resection. At the same time are highlighted the pitfalls that, if not avoided, are likely to result in a poor outcome even with a successful flap transfer. There is a paucity of evidence to support clinical practice in head and neck reconstruction such that much of the discussion presented is opinion-based rather than evidence-based.
October 2016: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
Romain Bosc, Jean-Paul Meningaud
Maxillofacial reconstruction surgery largely relies on the use of microsurgical free transfer techniques. Head and neck cancer surgery and ballistic injuries may lead to significant losses of multitissular substances. Even when the free transfer is successful and the microvascular critical phase is resolved, some functions or anatomic structures may not have been properly restored or have worsened. Any plastic surgery technique may be used to improve an unfavorable functional or aesthetic result after free flap reconstruction...
October 2016: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
Edward I Chang, Matthew M Hanasono, Charles E Butler
Complex head and neck reconstruction often mandates free tissue transfer to achieve the most optimal outcomes. Unfortunately, such challenging cases are not without risks of complications, the most dreaded of which is loss of the free flap. Aside from loss of the free flap, there are several other potential complications that can result following head and neck reconstruction. Certain complications are avoided with careful planning, others require significant revisions and in certain cases another free flap...
October 2016: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
Ilya Likhterov, Mark Urken
Radiation effects on tissues greatly complicate reconstruction of head and neck defects. We discuss the unfavorable surgical conditions set up by prior surgery and radiation in patients undergoing salvage ablation of recurrent cancer. With the focus on vessel selection, flap donor site characteristics, and management of potential complications, we hope to highlight some of the lessons learned from these complex cases. Special attention is given to the topic of laryngopharyngeal reconstruction.
October 2016: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
Sumi Sinha, Sidharth V Puram, Rosh K V Sethi, Neerav Goyal, Kevin S Emerick, Derrick Lin, Marlene L Durand, Daniel G Deschler
Patients with head and neck cancer who undergo reconstructive surgery are at risk for deep venous thrombosis (DVT), but the risk profile for patients undergoing major flap reconstruction is highly variable. Herein, we report our findings from a retrospective analysis of head and neck cancer patients (n = 517) who underwent free (n = 384) or pedicled (n = 133) flap reconstructive operations at a major tertiary care center from 2011 to 2014. DVTs developed perioperatively in 9 (1.7%) patients. Compared with pedicled flap patients, free flap patients had a longer mean operative time (421...
September 6, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Joshua J DeSerres, Brittany R Barber, Hadi Seikaly, Jeffrey R Harris, Daniel A O'Connell
Free tissue transfer has become the mainstay of head and neck cancer (HNC) reconstructive surgery. The objective of the study is to examine the efficacy of the Harmonic Scalpel (HS) Shears on free flap elevation time and complication rates after HNC reconstruction compared with traditional electrocautery. A retrospective review of 215 HNC patients undergoing surgical ablation and free flap reconstruction from January 2010 to April 2013 at the University of Alberta Hospital was undertaken. All patients requiring free flap reconstruction with radial forearm free flap or fibula free flap were included...
May 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Emre Gazyakan, Chih-Wei Wu, Jung-Ju Huang, Holger Engel, Ian Lee Valerio, Ming-Huei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Osteoradionecrosis may develop on the residual mandible or reconstructed fibula because of inadequate soft tissue coverage and compromised tissue perfusion post mandibular reconstruction, and radiation. This study was to investigate the incidence of osteoradionecrosis following class III mandibular defect reconstructions with an OPAC flap versus a fibula OSC flap. METHODS: A retrospective review of a consecutive series of mandibular reconstructions between 1999 and 2010 was performed...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
C H Baek, B Y Kim, W R Park, G J Lee, S H Woo, J S Ryu, M K Chung
Our new modification is a perforator cheek island flap. Flap pedicle is solely based on the facial artery and vena comitans on its surface without facial vein, which is usually sacrified during level I node dissection in most of head and neck cancer surgeries. Our new flap can utilize the entire cheek mucosal area, larger than conventional facial artery myomucosal flap to repair various upper aerodigestive tract defects after head and neck cancer ablation irrespective of pre/postoperative irradiation. The procedure for our flap is more simplified than that of the existing tunnelized facial artery myomucosal island flap...
August 22, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
K-L Bruchhage, A Leichtle, B Wollenberg
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of defects after extirpation of head and neck cancer is a highly challenging and complex surgical undertaking. Commonly used techniques, e.g., the radial forearm flap, the anterior lateral thigh flap, or flaps harvested from the chest-deltopectoral or pectoralis major-share numerous disadvantages, such as donor-site morbidity, poor color matching for cutaneous reconstruction, and excessive tissue bulk. The use of a supraclavicular artery island flap is a long-forgotten but increasingly popular option for reconstruction in the head and neck area...
August 15, 2016: HNO
Saif Al-Bustani, Grace Kim Austin, Emily Cohn Ambrose, Justin Miller, Trevor G Hackman, Eric G Halvorson
PURPOSE: The free fibula is the flap of choice for reconstructing most segmental mandibular defects resulting from head and neck resections. The use of miniplates or reconstruction bars for fixation has been described in the literature. We wanted to compare outcomes between the 2 methods of fixation in head and neck cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An IRB approved retrospective review of 25 consecutive patients undergoing free fibula flap reconstruction of the mandible for head and neck cancer over a period of 5 years was performed...
September 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Mitsutoshi Ooishi, Atsushi Motegi, Mitsuhiko Kawashima, Satoko Arahira, Sadamoto Zenda, Naoki Nakamura, Takaki Ariji, Sunao Tokumaru, Minoru Sakuraba, Makoto Tahara, Ryuichi Hayashi, Tetsuo Akimoto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy for head and neck cancer by investigating the patterns of failure after this therapy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed. RESULTS: Between March 2006 and December 2013, 122 consecutive patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma were treated by surgery followed by postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy. In regard to the site of the primary tumor, 59 (48%) patients had cancer of the oral cavity, 31 (26%) patients had cancer of the hypopharynx, 14 (11%) patients had cancer of the oropharynx, 10 (8%) patients had cancer of the larynx and 8 (7%) patients had cancer of unknown primary...
October 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Allen S Ho, Zachary S Zumsteg, Annika Meyer, Nadeem Riaz, Rahmatullah Rahmati, Dennis H Kraus, Colleen McCarthy, Richard J Wong, Jatin P Shah, Nancy Y Lee
BACKGROUND: Recurrent head and neck malignancies remain a therapeutic challenge. Tissue transfer, in addition to defect coverage and prevention of wound complications, may potentially decrease radiotoxicity. We evaluated radiation toxicity and survival outcomes of patients who underwent salvage surgery with reirradiation, comparing primary closure to flap reconstruction. METHODS: Retrospective outcomes analysis of recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients treated with curative intent by salvage surgery (± flap reconstruction) and reirradiation from 1996 to 2011...
August 9, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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